Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M38E. Mushroom and oak, ATU 293B* .27.-.29.31.


mushroom (pumpkin) thinks that it is as durable as a tree.

Bulgarians, Ukrainians (Transcarpathia), Belarusians, Karachays or Balkarians, Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians, Eastern Sami.

The Balkans. Bulgarians [the pumpkin is wrapped around the poplar all the way to the top; believes that if the poplar grew for 30 years, it will grow to the sky during this time; the poplar replies that the pumpkin must first survive August; The pumpkin understands the meaning of the answer only when it begins to dry out in August]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, № *297B*: 91.

Central Europe. Ukrainians (Transcarpathia), Belarusians [Oak and mushroom (melon): the mushroom brags about its rapid growth to the oak tree; to which the oak responds that it is more durable than it]: SUS 1979, No. 297B*: 101.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Karachays or Balkarians [a large mushroom has grown under a young willow; the mushroom asks willow how old she is; he himself has just been born, and is already the size of it; it will not have enough places if the willow does not go away; willow advises waiting two to three days; after three days the mushroom bent, fell and rotted]: Malkonduev 2017:700-701; (cf. Kabardian people [the mosquito was carried by the wind; there was an oak in front; a mosquito: off the road!” ; it was carried between two branches; mosquito: what did I tell you: split you in half]: Kapiyeva 1991:206).

Baltoscandia. Estonians (Võrumaa, Lutse) [the boletus grew in a day, asks the oak to move; it frosts at night; the boletus fell to one side; answers the oak that it is better to lie down]: Mälk et al. 1967, № 43:90; Latvians [boletus scolds a young oak shoot for going to “sit on his head”; and three days later the boletus falls by itself]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 293B*: 269; Lithuanians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 293B*: 169; Eastern Sami: Scabó 1967, No. 32 in Uther 2004 (1), No. 293B*: 169.