Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M39a3b. A fool takes care of stumps. .


fool decides that stumps need hats, puts pots on the stumps.

Russians (Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Moscow), Lithuanians, Mari, Kazan Tatars, Kumandins.

Central Europe. Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Mezen, Vozhgory) [summary of the record: a fool goes to sell a bull and a bag of salt; salt water in the river with salt, sells a bull to birch, in its creak he imagines "three hundred" ; finds a treasure under a birch tree; buys pots, puts them on stumps, etc.; kills a deacon; brothers bury a goat; it is dug up instead of a clerk, the murder is hidden]: Nikiforov 1961, No. 16:363; Russians (Vologodskaya) [two brothers are smart, they work, the third Ivan is a fool, only catches flies; his mother sent him to take a pot of dumplings to his brothers; I. sees his shadow, thinks that some person is throwing dumplings, threw everything away, then the pot, it broke; his brothers beat him, forced the sheep to herd, went to the village for lunch; the sheep began to wander away, I. gouged their eyes; his brothers beat him again; for the holiday they sent him to the city to buy spoons, a table, food; when he went back, he ordered the table to go by itself - he has four legs like a horse; he fed all the food to the crows - let the sisters eat; put it on the burnt stumps pots and korchagi ("hats"); the horse does not drink from the river - apparently, he does not want to be without salt, poured salt into the river; the horse still does not drink, I. killed it with a log; carried spoons, they rattle, he thinks they are "Ivan the Fool" is teasing; he trampled on them; the brothers sent I. to collect what he threw away; he made a hole in the korchagi, put everything on one batog; at home he hears that the beer is wandering; he thinks it is teasing him - released and began to swim in the trough; the brothers sewed the fool into the kul, carried him to drown; left and went to inspect the ice-hole; the master rides on the top three; I. shouts that they want to make him a voivode, but he does not know how to judge; the master ordered him to be sewn into the kul; drowned; I. arrives at the bottom of the distance; the brothers ordered them to be drowned; I. drove home to finish drinking beer and remember the brothers]: Gura 1965, No. 13:219-220 (=Burtsev 1895, No. 20:115- 119); Russians (Moscow) [third brother is a fool; put a trap near the cellar; my mother got caught, died; a fool to my brothers: what kind of bird I caught; I took me on a sled to bury, on the bridge to meet the wagon train, the sled fell; fool: the sovereign's yarn was killed! the merchants paid off with money; the brothers sent them to buy spoons, pots, millet, and a table for the funeral; the fool put pots on the stakes (they stand without hats), poured millet into the daws (grandmother's children wanted to eat); the gate they creak (hungry, poured millet into the last two pots, put spoons); threw the table - let him go; you have to give the horse a drink, there is no deck near the well; passer-by: hooks to make it lower; fool first cut off the horse's front legs, and then the back legs; put the braga, she murmurs; the fool thinks he's teasing; he poured everything out, swims around the room in a trough; a fool is sent to a wake; he calls men without wives and children; sent for wives; then for children; he gathered them, decided that they were black, threw everything into boiling water, put on shirts - now white; this fool did leprosy like this]: Vedernikova, Samorodova 1998, No. 95:237-239.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians [the adventures of a fool; throws meat to dogs; greases the road with oil and pours beer on it; puts pots on stumps; throws money to frogs - let them count; throw food in their shadow; He puts his left shoe on his right foot and vice versa; sometimes he manages to make the princess laugh; he refuses her and gets paid instead]: Balys 1936, No. 1642:145.

Volga - Perm. Marie [mother to son: go to a wedding and funeral before getting married; at the wedding he took an arc with bells and stands, he was mistaken for a thief, beaten; mother: you have to sing and dance; he dances on fire; you have to fill the fire, say "Get water into the eye of the fire"; he does this when a pig is burning; you must: let the meat be tasty and not translated; he says so at the funeral; the mother is dead, the son took it she in a car in the cemetery, fell asleep on the way; the merchant ran into a car, thought he had killed the woman, gave her money and buried her; the fool built a house with this money, married; carried pots from the bazaar, put them on stumps - those in cold without hats]: Aktsorin 1984:228-229; Kazan Tatars [will be guests; the old man sent his son to the bazaar to buy flour, salt, eggs, butter, spoons, plates; he found nothing, returned the money; the same average son; younger Taz bought everything, goes home through the forest; regretted the stumps without hats, placed a hundred plates on a hundred stumps; the horse got drunk, but does not drink anymore; so the water is unsalted - he poured salt into the lake; to feed the horse, poured out five pounds of flour, mixed it with water, the horse liked it; the wheels creak - smeared it with three pounds of oil; and then threw the cart and drove the horse away when it stumbled; threw spoons to the crows; when he reached the house, fell into the well; the corpse was pulled out, the guests were abandoned]: Zamaletdinov 2009, No. 149:462-463.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Kumandins [two brothers sow bread, send a third fool to herd sheep; sheep run away, he gouges out their eyes; next time they don't want to cross the river; they're probably afraid to soak their shoes, he took it off - cut off their legs; he is sent to the city to buy cups, spoons, pots, salt, a table for the holiday; on the way back he sees burnt stumps - the brothers freeze without a hat, put pots on the stumps; the kites scream - puts oats into their cup; the table has 4 legs - let him go; the horse does not drink water in the river - does not want without salt, the fool pours salt into the river; the horse still does not drink, he kills him; the brothers put the fool in a bag, they carried to drown, left while they were looking for an ice-hole; the sick son of the priest rides, the fool says he is in a bag to recover; the son of the priest climbs into the bag, the fool leaves on his horse; tells the brothers that caught at the bottom; brothers ask them to drown, the fool got rich]: Baskakov 1972:185-188.