Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M39a4a. Sells a lizard a cow, ATU 1643.

.14.-.17.23. (.26.) .27.-.32. (.36.)


fool sells or gives an animal (plant, statue) meat, pet, cloth, etc., believing that the buyer will pay; or the fool works where no one asked him to, and takes the animal for its owner. When he comes for money, he beats an animal (a tree, a statue, follows an animal) and as a result finds a treasure.


Kabiles, the Arabs of Algeria, the Arabs and the Berbers of Morocco, Tunisia, the Arabs of Egypt, the Maltese, the Spanish, the Galicians, the Catalans, the Italians (Lazio, Campania, Molise, Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria), Sicilians, Corsicans, Sardinians, Irish, Bretons, French (Upper Brittany and most likely other areas as well), Walloons, Flemish, Dutch, Germans (northern Germany, Upper Palatinate, Austria), Syria, Palestinians, Lebanon, Yemen, Gondas, Kannada, (Chinese), Slovenes, Croats, Bosnians, Serbs, Romanians, Hungarians, Bulgarians, Greeks, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Voronezh, Tula, Ryazan), Ukrainians (Eastern Slovakia, Transcarpathia, Volyn, Ivano-Frankivsk, Chernihiv, Podolia, Kharkiv), Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Adygs, Georgians, Megrelians, Armenians, Turks, Kurds, Persians, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Baluchis, Estonians, Livs, Latvians, Lithuanians, Sami (Western?) , Finns, Veps, Karelians, Mordovians, Bashkirs, (central {?} Yakuts).

North Africa. Kabila: Rivière 1882, No. 4 [the mother sent her son to sell the goat; he heard a cuckoo, negotiated a price with her, takes cuckoo for her answers, leaves the goat tied to an oak tree; in Friday, the fool came back, demanded money, threw stones at the cuckoos, which he took out from the ruins of a house, found a treasure, took 2 francs 50 su; the next day, my mother ordered me to show this place ; on the way she threw pancakes and pancakes, the son thinks they are falling from the sky; the son told everyone how she and his mother took the treasure from the abandoned house; the land owners began to demand that the treasure be given to them; the mother said that her son is an idiot; he insisted: pancakes and fritters were raining at that time; people believed his mother that her son had come up with everything]: 179-182; Reesink 1977 [the widow sent her son to sell the cow; he hears cucking cuckoos, offers her to buy a cow, understands “ku-ku” as a positive answer, he will return for the money tomorrow; the next day he again tells her mother that the money will be tomorrow; finds a treasure, She takes only a few coins — the price of a cow; the mother asks to take her to this place, takes everything; after preparing pancakes and boiled eggs in advance, she threw them on the way home, explaining that God sent them; the boy went tell everyone that they found the treasure, and the mother hid the money at that time; son: the treasure was found when pancakes and eggs fell from the sky; everyone was convinced that the guy was a fool; then the guy pushed the man into the well the edges of the man; the mother threw a goat there; the boy was told to go down to the well; he says that the one he found has horns, wool and split hooves; when the guy took out the goat, people again believed that he's just a fool]: 148-150; Arabs of Algeria, Egypt: El-Shamy 2004, No. 1643:890-891; Arabs of Morocco [Bahlul lived with his mother, who told him to sell their only goat; walking near rocks, B. heard an owl hooting; he offered her to buy a goat and, hearing a hoot, each time understood it as an affirmative answer to his question; left the owl a goat, promising to come for money tomorrow; when he came in the morning , B. began to demand money, threw a stone into the owl, which disappeared into the hole; he followed her, saw a jar of gold coins, and took just as much as he wanted for the goat; the mother cooked peas and beans, asked her son to show her a place, took all the gold, and on the way back she poured peas and beans on her son; he said that his mother had found treasures just before the pea and bean rain began; fellow villagers only smiled]: Bushnaq 1987:278-280; Moroccan Berbers [mother tells her son to sell a goat; he sees an owl hooting, takes hooting for a promise to buy for a certain price; in the morning he came for money, the owl continues to hoot; he threw a stone at her, the owl disappeared into the crevice; there was a pot of gold; he took 10 coins from it and brought it to his mother; the mother asked her son to show the place and along the way I threw beans and peas back; the fool began to talk about everything: my mother took gold when it was raining beans and peas; people laughed and did not go to take money from the widow]: Stimme 1896, No. 7:403-405; Tunisia [like Morocco's Berbers: sausage rain]: Stumme 1893:131.

Southern Europe. Maltese [a fool sells fabric to the statue; breaks it to pieces the next day because the statue did not pay; finds treasures inside; thanks to this money, he manages to avoid punishment for killing a neighbor; his mother makes him believe it was raining from grapes]: Mifsud-Chircop 1978, No. 1643:674-675; Italians (Lazio, Campania, Molise, Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria), Sicilians : Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 1643:359-360; Italians: Basile 2018 (Naples) []: 80-85; Crane 1885, No. 99 [Pitré, no. 190; mother sends Giufá to sell fabric; buyers bargain; J. decides that they are too chatty, offers fabric to the clay statue; she is silent, he promises to come for the money the next day; comes, there is no fabric, the statue is silent, J. broke it, inside was a vessel with with money, he brought it to his mother; his mother sends the fabric to a dyer — someone who dyes green and black; J. left the fabric to a green snake, the fabric is gone]: 291-292; Corsicans [sending his son to the bazaar to sell the canvas, the mother tells not to sell it to those who talk too much; the son refuses all the customers who talk to him, leaves the canvas naked statue in the watch, promising to come a month later for the money; the boy came, the statue is silent, he grabbed her head, she broke off, money fell down, her son brought it to his mother]: Massignon 1984, No. 34:76-77; Sicilians [mother has a son Giuf&# 225;; she sends him to sell the fabric not to a talker, but to a silent person; refuses to sell it to those who ask for the price — they talk a lot; sells the statue; the next day the statue is in place, but there is no fabric; D. demands money, hit the statue with a hoe, and there was a pot of gold inside; one day D. looked at the moon hiding behind the clouds and repeated: go out! hide! the two thieves who stole the calf wanted to share the meat, but thought it was about them, ran away; D. brought the meat to her mother; the next day she said she sold it to flies and the money would be returned when they had it; D. went to the judge; he allowed him to kill flies; D. killed a fly on the judge's nose by hitting him with his fist; once D. borrowed money from everyone and pretended to be dead; the one who sold him a red beret hid in the church for coffin; the robbers brought money, began to divide; D. got up from the coffin, the robbers ran away; D. and the beret seller divided the money, began to argue over the last penny; the robbers decided that the dead were so much that everyone got only a small thing, they left altogether; the owner of the tavern hired D., ordered the wineskin to be washed clean; he washed it all morning; saw the ship, began waving; the captain and the people sailed in the boat: why called? D.: Tell me, is the wineskin clean now? he was beaten; I should have said “Fair Wind”; when he saw a hunter chasing rabbits, he said “Fair Wind”; hunter: I should have said, “Lord, make sure they are killed”; D. says this two fighters; we must “God breed them”; he says this to the bride and groom; we must “Let them laugh”; he says this at the funeral; they beat him every time]: Calvino 1980, No. 190:579-687; Galicians [wife went to the fair, and my husband stayed on the farm; tied the chickens with one rope, the kite took them all at once; a donkey brought the teslo to knead, ate the donkey; the next day, the wife sent her husband to the fair, telling sell the canvas to a sloppy buyer; left it in front of the statue in the church; the next day he came for the money; without receiving it, he began to beat the statue, it split and there was money; the husband brought it to his wife]: Contos 1972, No. 72:69-70; Catalans [a fool sells a pet or fruit basket to a statue of a saint; when he demands money, the statue does not react; he hits it with a stick, breaks the statue and is behind her a donation box; takes the money]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 1643:262; Spaniards: Uther 2004, No. 1643:350.

Western Europe. Bretons [mother sends fool Jean to sell a cow for at least 200 francs; Jean sold and bought a hare with the same money; left to graze, inviting his mother to see how the (new) cow is good eats; the hare ran away; his mother sent Jean to sell the pig; no one buys, Jean sold a pig to a statue of a saint (silence is a sign of consent); he came for money, the statue is silent; he hit her with a stick, it crashed and Louidors fell from there; Jean brought them to his mother]: Sébillot 1910, No. 40:158-160; walloons [mother sends Jean to sell oil and buy a pig; on the way he saw holes in the road, thought that under in the hot sun they will grow up and oil them; there is a crucifix on the hill; Jean asks if Jesus would buy the remaining oil from him; took silence for consent, left oil; bought a pig, told him go home by yourself; mother beat Jean]: Carnoy 1883, No. 7:189-191; French (Haute-Brittany) [mother sends Jean to sell a cow for 20 francs; he is offered 15, he drives a cow home; goes home the open door of the chapel, asks the statue of the saint, takes silence for consent, demands money, beats the statue, coins fall out of there; the mother put Jean in the saint's place; women came, began to pray and they used to stab needles into the statue's knees; finally Jean ran away and the women thought the saint had run away]: Sébillot 1880:224-226; Irish, French, Flemish, Dutch, Germans (northern Germany, Upper Palatinate, Austria): Uther 2004, No. 1643:350.

Western Asia. Palestinians [(final episode); a crazy husband looks for work, finds an uncompressed field, works, sees a lizard, who nods, he goes into the crevice, there is a treasure, the husband takes what he needs due; tells his wife that Abu Suleiman is rich, but he took only what he honestly earned; the wife throws lamb legs and giblets around the yard, says that it has rained strangely; secretly takes it away from her husband gold; he says that she robbed Abu Suleiman, complains to the police; describes the robbed: he is a lizard; says that it was raining from lamb legs that day; policeman to his wife: I hope God soon will cure your husband]: Lebedev 1990, No. 55:250-258; Syria, Lebanon, Yemen: El-Shamy 2004, No. 1643:890-891; Saudi Arabia: Uther 2004, No. 1643:350.

South Asia. Gondas [the merchant bought two pots of molasses in the village, went to the old woman, gave her son two coins and asked him to carry molasses for him; carrying pots, the young man makes plans; with two coins to buy chicken, she he will lay eggs by selling chickens, buy a goat, and when its offspring multiplies and there is a whole herd, it will also be possible to become a merchant; a partridge flew out from under his feet, the young man stumbled, the pots broke; the merchant became scold him, remembering the money paid for molasses; the young man objected that the merchant lost 23 rupees and he himself lost thousands; after hearing a story about a chicken, etc., the merchant gave the young man 100 rupees; on the next market day the young man approached the owner of the barely alive buffalo and paid 100 rupees for it; the owner said in vain that his cattle cost only 10 rupees; while dragging the buffalo, the young man saw the jackal; it was already dark; he told the jackal that Tom seems to like the buffalo, so he will give it to him and take it back the next market day; the young man went home and the buffalo died and the jackal ate it; when the young man came back, he thought maybe a jackal , hides in an anthill; after digging up an anthill, he found two pots of money there; healed well with his mother]: Elwin 1944, No. X.I: 276-278; kannada [when sharing Hucca's property (“fool”) asked the brothers a bull; they gave him an old skinny one; after the bull kicked him, H. went to sell it; no one bought it; passing by the creaky tree, H. decided that it was talking to him and sold the bull to a tree; the next day came for money — no bull, no money; came again, cut down a tree, gold and silver, hidden by the robbers in the hollow, fell down; H. went to pick up the brothers; on the way back they went to to the brahmana; H. said that they were carrying gold and showed it; the brahmana began to shove coins into his pockets, H. killed him; the brothers threw the body into the well; the elders later came without H., pulled it out and the body was reburied and a dead goat was thrown into the well; when the brahmana was searched and H. said that he had killed him, a goat appeared in the well; the brothers still had the gold]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 30:81-84.

(Wed. China — Korea. Chinese [there are many sources, almost certainly Chinese, not minorities; the wife sends her husband to sell something (usually her woven fabric) to a respectable, handsome, reliable person; lends goods to a (temple) statue; sometimes he believes that the statue laughs at it, breaks it {the statue does not say about the treasure}]: Ting 1978, No. 1319N).

The Balkans. Hungarians [two older brothers are smart, the younger Ishtok is a fool; agreed: whoever the bull will enter, he will get it; the bull ran to I.; he went to sell it, a birch tree creaks by the road, I. tied a bull to her, promised to come to get a hundred forints; the bull was eaten by wolves, I. hits the birch tree with an ax, gold is pouring out of it, I. brought a whole bucket; the brothers replaced it with rotten wheat; I. went to sell it, it ridiculed; he stayed for the night, the wheat was eaten by pigs; I. promises to tell the king that royal gold was stolen from this house, the owner paid off with money; tells the brothers that he sold rotten wheat; brothers they went to sell, they were beaten; the brothers said that I. talks to devils; he was put in a barrel to drown; he shouts that he did not want to be governor; the master swaps places with him, I. picks up the carriage and horses, says he found it at the bottom (under the gatia); everyone jumped into the river, I. took possession of the whole village]: Shustova 1994:144-148; the Greeks [a clever brother suggests that the foolish man should divide the sheep: who will go into the old barn — smart, who are stupid in the new one; the sheep went into the old barn; the foolish got two oxen; he stabbed one, distributed meat to the dogs; he drove the other to the mountains; he thought that the caress laughed at him; he left the ox; the next day he came {for money}; chased caress, found a pot of gold under the stone; the clever man sent the stupid man to weigh the gold for the scales; the scale manufacturer smeared it with honey, then found it coins stuck to honey; looks into the chimney; the clever one throws a weight at him and kills him; throws several sheep into the well and on top; people lowered a fool into the well; he asks if the victim had black or white wool; brothers left alone]: Dawkins 1916:327-329; Slovenes, Croats, Bosnians, Serbs, Romanians, Bulgarians: Uther 2004, No. 1643:350 .

Central Europe. Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Karelian, Vologda, Voronezh, Tula, Ryazan), Ukrainians (Eastern Slovakia, Transcarpathia, Volyn, Ivano-Frankivsk, Chernigov, Podolia), Belarusians [A fool and a birch tree: a fool sells cattle to a birch tree that creaks from the wind (takes the creak as a promise of money); he is angry at the birch tree for not paying, hits with an ax (cuts it down), money falls out of the hollow]: SUS 1979, No. 1643:340-341; Russians (Voronezhskaya, p. Bolshaya Vereyka, 1936) [Fool Ivanushka decides to live separately from his brother, gets a bull, leads it to sell it, but hears the birch tree creaking and gives the bull to her and ties it up. The bull pulls the rope, breaks the birch tree, it turns out to be a cache in which robbers store gold. The fool tells his brother that he wants to get married, he asks him to show where the rest of the money is. Meanwhile, the robbers find the bull, cut it, and take the money left in the birch tree, put together bloody knives instead. The brother discovers them and decides that Ivanushka wanted to kill him. While the brothers go to the birch tree, they steal a fool's money]: Baryshnikova 2007, No. 55a: 207-207; northern Ukrainians (Chernigov, Nezhinsky y.) [the three brothers began to share, the youngest took one ox; went to sell; the counter says that the ox is nothing, but the horns are superfluous; Ivan broke them off; the other: would tear the skin off his feet; ripped off; legs were extra; in the forest cut off, the ox fell under the birch tree; I.: Oh, damn it, money is under you! took off his skin from the ox, sold it, bought a shovel, began to dig under the birch tree, dug up a treasure; the brothers offered to share, sent I. to the ass for a measure; I. admitted that it was necessary to divide the money; told the brothers; they told the priest stop (until they hide the money); I. killed him; the brothers hid the body in the cellar; they are looking for the priest in vain; at the wake, I. drinks for the priest in the cellar; the brothers managed to put the goat there, and put the priest in under the stove; the brothers share again, I. chose the stove and told it to cover it there, leaving a small hole; the cat jumped there; promised to serve; tells the wolf that he is going to complain to the king; the wolf also wants complain; the cat advises to take 5 other wolves; the cat to the king: Ivan Pechersky sent animals to his fur coats, marries your daughter; the same with bears; the cat tells the king to fix the bridge: tomorrow the individual entrepreneur will go; when the individual entrepreneur will go went, the cat took out his hat, threw it into the water, said that the IP army drowned; the cat pulled out the IP, the king gave him clothes, the IP looks back at his shoulders; the cat: he had the best; they go back, the cat is in front of the ogre, tells hide in the hollow of a pear, otherwise the king goes and kills; the king is told to shoot at a pear; IP lives well with the royal]: Malinka 1902, No. 39:318-322; Eastern Ukrainians (Kharkiv, Sumy, p. Syrovatka, 1885) [The brothers run a common household until one of them, a reasonable one, marries. He proposes to share the farm with his brother. The bad brother gets a goby, he does not know what to feed him, leads him to sell, offers a stump to buy a bull, is responsible for it as if he pays the next day, Semyon leaves a bull tied to a hemp and goes away. The next day, he demands payment from the hemp, gets angry, hits him - and money spills out of the rotten tree. Semyon asks his brother for a horse and oxen to bring the money. The brother's wife offers to take a measure from the priest in order to divide the money between the brothers, Semyon forgets to warn him not to say what the measure is for. Brother asks Semyon to whistle/hit (“on the coals”?) priest, believing that this way they are more likely to get a measure, Semyon beats his ass to death. The brothers take the body to the cellar, arrange a wake, call his smart brother, who forbids Semyon to come, because he may let it slip. Semyon comes and says that he killed his priest, his brother hears and puts the body of the stabbed man instead of his ass's body. Semyon brings her to the basement, she does not recognize her husband, laughs, leaves]: Grinchenko 1895:208-211; Poles [a fool sells an ox to the field cross; without receiving money, he broke the cross and found money in it]: Ciszewski, 2008 in Sumtsov 2015:140; Czechs, Slovaks: Uther 2004, No. 1643:350.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars (Bakhchisaray district, Karalez) [after his father's death, three brothers squandered everything; only one bull was left; the mullah threw up a hat, it was caught by his younger brother, and he got a bull; he went to him sell; tied it to a hollow tree, promising to come in five days; the bull was eaten by wolves; the guy came back for the money, the tree is silent; she began to cut it, found gold in the hollow; the mullah divided the money between brothers; Khoja invited his brothers to live with him; took the gold, and the brothers were eaten by wolves]: Zherdeva 2020, No. 32; Adygi [a fool (Kuytsuk or others) hears a tree creaking in the wind in the forest; the creak takes for asking to sell him oxen; agrees, leaves the ox tree; another time on a windless day he comes to get paid — the tree does not creak; the fool is angry, hits him with an ax, gold falls]: Tkhamokova 2014, No. 1643:214; Lucky [the fool husband and wife had a bull; her husband took him to the lake for a watering hole; heard a frog croak and thought it said: “Sell a bull”; told her: “I will sell it if give me 16 coins”; the frog continued to croak; the husband threw a stone at her, the frog disappeared, he heard: “Go get the money”; the husband went to the place where he saw the frog; found a cup of silver there, took 16 coins, left the bull on the shore and went home; the bull returned faster than the owner, the wife drove him into the barn; the husband came, said that he had sold the bull to the frog and that she had a whole cup of money; at night, husband and wife went to the lake, found a cup; the wife secretly took it from her husband and buried it in the house; then gave her husband a drink and put him to bed; then she cooked the halva, spread it out in pieces on the roof of the house and began to say: “Get up, husband, it started raining from the halva, let's go collect it”; the husband believed; in the morning he went to the square and bragged that he had found a cup of silver; the rumor about this reached the khan; he sent the nukers to the man's house to take them away found money; the wife said that the husband was lying; the husband: “You're lying yourself. Do you remember when it was still raining halva that night?” ; the nukers laughed and reported to the Khan that the man was a fool]: Omar-ogly 1868:61-62; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988, No. 138 [Ivanika is the elder brother and wife Tekle, Simonika Jr., his wife Tina; Tackle demands to separate the fool, S. and his wife were kicked out by giving a goat; he went to sell it, sold it to the rock; when he returned, the jackals eat up the goat; S. thinks that the rock invited guests to a feast; demands money; hits the rock with a stone, a casket of gold falls out of it; Thackle sends I. to sell a cow to the rock, he throws stones at the rock to no avail; burned down I.'s house, T. died, I. carried to bury, leaned the corpse against a tree, the merchant's horses knocked her down, the frightened merchant gave a pack of gold and silver, S. says he sold the deceased; I. set fire to his house, Tekle died, he went to sell her, he was beaten; he put S. in a bag, carried it throw off the mountain; left the bag, chasing the hare; S. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in a pawn for not wanting to marry a merchant's daughter, the shepherd climbed in his place, thrown off the cliff; S. brought sheep, said he was out of the abyss; I. rushed into her and died], 146 [stupid wife invites frogs to knit her socks; they croak; she takes it for consent, throws yarn into the pond; when she came for socks, she found it in a golden reel on the pond; explains that the frogs did not tie her socks and she took their gold; exchanged the reel for several dolls and one flip flop; her husband beat her and drove her away; she sees a dog, a rooster, thinks that her husband sent them for her, decides not to go; when the camel came with her luggage, she went with a camel; the husband sees that the camel is loaded with jewelry; he put his wife in a tone, covered it with leather, poured it On top of the grain and let the geese go; she thinks that hail is coming; the husband killed the camel, hid the luggage and meat; the wife says that she brought a camel, her husband was captured, he tells the king that he knows nothing; the wife says, that the camel brought when the hail was coming and knocking out the king's eye (he was crooked); the king drove her away]: 273-276, 290-292; Megrelia [smart elder brother, younger strongman and fool; went to sell ox; wood shook in the wind; the fool decided that he wanted to buy an ox for 25 rubles; tied it up, promising to return for the money; the next day there was no ox by the tree; the fool tore out the tree in anger and found it under the roots of a korchagu of money; he took 25 rubles, did not touch the rest; the elder brother took the money; both went and hired a giant — a fool a shepherd of goats, and a clever servant of a giant's mother; once a fool for the fault did not give lunch; he climbed the apple tree, began to shake off the apples; the goats ate them, only two had an apple left between their horns; the fool did not touch these, and cut the rest of the goats; the brother scolded a fool, sent the giant's mother to buy in milk; he poured hot, the woman cooked; the giant did not immediately realize that his mother was dead, the brothers managed to escape, climbed a tree for the night; the fool had a scrap with him, he it was dropped on the travelers who had gathered under the tree; they ran away; the brothers went down to pick up the goods, but the giant came running; the clever brother knocked over the pot of soup; the fool thought the giant was to blame and killed him ]: Gachava et al. 1890:15-16; Armenians [mother tells her youngest sexual son to sell a cow; he stabbed a cow for crows into the gorge, told them to pray for his mother, took a lizard as a witness: crows must pray and then pay for the cow; the mother ordered the cow to be brought; the fool demands money first from the crows, then from the lizard under the stone, the fool lifted it up — there is a treasure under it; the fool took a handful , brought home; the elder brother took the rest; the elder demanded that the gold be divided, sent the older brother to get the measure; at this time the younger brother drowned the headman in the well; at night the elder secretly buried the headman, threw a goat into the well; people gathered, the fool climbs into the well and asks: did the headman have a tail? beard? people shout yes — drag it; and there's a goat; people parted]: Nazinyan 2007:178-180; Turks: Stebleva 1986, No. 59 [the shepherd's stupid wife tells the frogs to weave her cloth; they croak, the wife thinks that frogs agree, throws them expensive yarn; came to get cloth and pay for work; frogs jumped into the water; the woman decided to ruin their homes, started picking with a stick, found a jug of gold; paid to the potter to take his goods to her house; interrupted the pots to decorate the house; her husband drove her away; she tells the cat that she will not go home; when she sees a camel, she decides to go and brings the camel with her; this is a padishah's camel loaded with gold; the husband hides gold, invites his wife to play newlyweds; it is customary to pour hot peas (leblebi) on them, he sprinkles it on his wife; the camel is searched, the wife says that saw a camel, “the night when the leblebi falls, when I became a newlywed”; Kady told the couple to clean up], 60 [when sharing my father's inheritance, the fool brother chose an old camel, offered lizards buy meat; they turn their heads; the fool thought that the lizards agreed, stabbed the camel, put each leg on a separate stone; in the morning he came for money, the lizards disappeared into the hollow, the fool hit the tree with an ax, it fell, gold coins fell out; the fool brought gold to his brothers and brought Kadia; he began to divide one coin for himself, one for his brothers; the fool volunteered to carry his bag of gold, but Kadi carried it himself fell down the stairs, broke his leg, the fool threw him into the well; the clever brothers threw a goat on top; the fool screamed that he had stabbed the cadia and threw his body into the well; when he went down, asked if Kadia had ears, four legs, wool; the fool was left alone; he began to herd the goats, climbed on a pear, threw them on the ground, the goats ate everything, only one had two pears on its horns; the fool ate one, gave the other to the goat, He stabbed the rest of the goats; the brothers were captured, they ran away; at night a caravan of merchants came up; the fool stabbed the donkey, began to cook, told the merchant to eat, otherwise he would cut off his head; the merchant paid off with gold; the brothers stopped in one house, they push a fool not to eat much; he did not eat at all, and then came to the hostess for bread; she drove him away, he fell down the stairs and crashed to death]: 254-256, 256-259; Kurds [Mullah Mardan slaughtered a cow and distributed meat to the dogs; told his wife that he would pay them in the fall; in the fall he chased dogs for money; one jumped over the wall, a stone fell out of it, followed by a jug with gold]: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 194:498-199.

Iran — Central Asia. Persians (Kerman): Rosenfeld 1956 [a rich man hung his pants to dry; the wind tore them off and carried them into the poor man's yard; he does not want his pants back, offers one of his three daughters; the wife sees cracks on the roof, pours oil and syrup on them; the husband returned his wife to her father, got a second daughter; she washes the donkey and puts her to bed; the third daughter hears the frog croaking, throws supplies into the well so that it prepared meals for the guests; the food is not ready, the wife jumped into the well and took out the gold brick; husband: three days later Ramadan, this is for him; a passer-by replies that he is Ramazan; his wife gave him gold; her husband kicked out; she drives her aunts a dog and a cat, but agrees to return with her camel aunt; the husband sees that the camel is loaded with gold; the husband: sleep, and then meat soup and meatballs will flow from the sky; the drovers have come, They took her away; he tells his wife to guard the door; the wife took her off her hinges and went after her husband; tells the Shah that the camel came on the day when soup spilled from the sky, dripped it on the Shah (he has a pendinka mark on his face); the shah let both go]: 94-103; Lorimer, Lorimer 1919, No. 12 [two brothers are merchants, the third is a fool; they send him to a sick mother; driving flies away from his mother, he hits her with a stone to death; brothers want to divide the property three weeks after the funeral, the fool demands his share immediately; the brothers take everything except a spinning wheel, a cow, a calf, 15 sheep and a stone; at the wake, the brothers decide to stab a fool's calf; they send a fool for guests, no one comes; a fool invited everyone on the condition that they pay him for the calf; a dog comes, eats meat; a fool demands payment from her for a calf, throws a poker at her, that I got into a lintel, a pot of gold fell out; the fool continues to chase the dog: I do not need a pot of gold, but 7 coins for a calf; the brothers took the gold; after the funeral, the fool drove the cow to pasture, invited the lizard to buy it; the lizard nods; the fool asks for 15 coins, the lizard nods again; come in 15 days? nods again; the fool left the cow by the mink, the predators ate it; after 15 days, the fool demands money from the lizard, climbs into a hole, there is a door and 7 vessels with precious stones; the fool takes 15 coins for the cow; tells the brothers; they take the remaining treasures; the fool takes his shadow for a man, asks if the shadow wants to buy sheep; the shadow is silent and follows him; the fool lets the sheep go; leaves an inheritance; stays for the night on a hill above a stream; a traveler also stopped there, he has money in his bags; he makes figures out of chaimal (sweets), calls one God, the others Satan, the Prophet, Ali; before eating them, he attributes a flaw to everyone; the fool threw a spindle at him — leave it to me too! the traveler is confused; the fool throws bigger things — a shovel, a door; the traveler runs away in horror, the fool gets everything; he finds the last figure — God; “Oh God, I saved you!” ; returns home with bags; at night, the brothers discuss: they are rich, they could become kings if someone killed the king; the fool promises to do this, cut off the sleeping king's head, brought it to the brothers; they put it in a goat's head, they tell the fool that this is the head of the king, he threw it into the well looking for a murderer; the fool confesses, climbs into the well, asks if the king had horns and a goat's head; brothers: we said that he is crazy; at night, a fool hears his brothers preparing to kill him; waits for them to fall asleep, kills both himself; chooses a new king, the bird sits on the fool's head three times; he becomes a ruler and gets smarter], 21 [the mother wants to pass off one of her seven daughters as a weaver; tells the girls to work very quickly and, when the weaver comes, shout to her every minute that the work has been done; the weaver marries the eldest daughter; asks wife to cook pilaf; the girl does not know how, but does not admit it; goes to the roof and loudly asks if to cook; the neighbors answer; the girl says she thought so; neighbors advise putting it in rice stones; finding stones and dirt in the pilaf, the husband sends the girl to her mother; the mother passes off her second daughter as a weaver; the same with her (neighbors advise you to salt halva); the third daughter, on the advice of neighbors, puts it in food rags, the fourth gives things to a passerby, the fifth pours oil and honey on the cracks in the roof; after giving her sixth daughter, her mother advises her to buy cotton — let her work and do nothing stupid; the girl takes croaking frogs for asking for cotton — she will spin; asks again, takes croaking for an affirmative answer; the husband demands to return the cotton; the girl tells the frog to give it back; dips her hand in the water and pulls it out a gold bar; the husband does not send his wife home; the next day she buys halva for gold, sculpts figures out of it, gives them names, tells them to serve her; the husband knocks; the girl orders the figures to open door; figures do not open; husband sees figures, divorces his wife; takes the last, younger sister; asks her to make vinegar; she asks neighbors for advice; neighbors advise eating all the grapes; wife eats and falls asleep; her husband takes her sleeping to the desert; when she wakes up, she sees a crow, a cat and a dog; takes the sounds they make as a message from her husband; refuses to return; approaches her the king's jeweled camel; she follows him and comes to her husband; her husband blindfolds her mouth, closes her in the oven, forbids her to go out, says that blood rain and a cloud of felt are coming soon; hides jewelry; buries a camel and pours its blood through felt into the oven; the girl says that she brought the royal camel to her; her husband is taken to prison; he says that the wife is crazy; in the proof asks her to ask her what happened that day; the wife replies that while she was sitting in the oven, it was raining bloody; her husband is released]: 70-78, 124—134; Tajiks [father died, elder son sent the youngest to buy what he needed for the funeral; he bought nishals, anointed the bedding, people stuck, threw a gold coin, tore off the bedding; the eldest sent to sell the bull; the youngest offers the bull to the crow; that Shouts every time, Carr! ; the youngest comes for money, the bull was eaten by wolves, there is no money, he picked up a stone to throw at the crow, a treasure under the stone; when the elder was digging up the treasure, a man passed by; he killed and buried it; knowing that the youngest will spill out, asked to inform the padishah tomorrow; buried seven goats in the same hole, scattered cakes in the yard; told the younger that they were falling from the sky; the youngest replied to the padishah that the dead man was under goats, and this happened when cakes fell from the sky; the youngest took away the girl's pot of roll, tore off the donkey's tail, took the frog and millstones; towards the thieves, he offers to bet; katyk is snot, the frog is a louse, the millstone is my father's bracelet; {the tail is not mentioned}; the brothers took the thieves' property]: Osmanov 1989:456-459; Uzbeks: Konovalov, Stepanov 1986 [after the death of his father, the eldest son Anvar inherited the house, the youngest Tambal inherited a cow and a barn; T. asks his brother for money, he advises him to sell the cow; offers it to an owl; the owl gets frightened and flies into the hole of the duval, from there coins fall; T. takes 9, for who he thinks he has agreed with the owl; A. asks to bring him to that place, tells his wife to bake pancakes; throws T. to his knees in the dark, says that today is the day of falling pancakes; A. pulled out He did not give gold to Anwar, he complained to the Shah; Shah: when was it? T.: on the day of falling pancakes; Shah called him a fool and took the treasure for himself]: 270-272; Sheverdin 1967 [the mullah tells the employee to sell the bull; when he hears the hoopoe scream, the worker realized that the hoopoe agrees to buy the bull, tied him to a tree, promised to come tomorrow; the mullet described how beautifully the buyer was dressed; the next day there was a blue funnel in the same place; worker: changed clothes, but give the money back anyway; chased with a blue funnel, put his hand in a hole, pulled out the gold; gave the price to the bull to the mullah, kept the rest for himself]: 60-61; Baluchi [the older brother works, the younger brother is a fool, plays and stays at home; angry at his mother and killed her; her elder brother wanted to go sell a calf to buy a shroud; but the fool threatened to kill him, took the calf himself; at that time the elder borrowed money and buried his mother; the fool sold the calf to an owl (she's all nodded at his words), promised to come for the money later; at the wake he smeared molasses on the carpets, they stuck to people, the fool said they wanted to steal them; people left; the owl hid in the hollow; the fool brought his brother , began to dig, pulled out an owl, cut off its head as punishment for not wanting to pay; there was gold in the hollow; the fool sent his brother to measure gold for the bowl; gold coins stuck to her; the king ordered her brother to be beaten the fool until he confesses; the fool came, ordered not to beat, brought the king to the hollow; the king climbed there, the fool filled the exit with a stone; both left; the fool forced his brother to carry the millstone found on the road; they picked up him on a tree; an army sat down, began to cook dinner, they had one sick person; the fool urinated, everyone thought that the patient was sweating; then the fool threw off the millstone; everyone thought that the sky had collapsed, ran away ; the boss sent one to check; fool: let me kiss you in the tongue; cut off his tongue; when he saw that the sent man was mooing and cropping from his mouth, the people ran away; the brothers stayed at that tree]: Zarubin 1949, No. 1:17-29.

Baltoscandia. Latvians [A fool and a birch tree. A fool sells a birch cow that creaks in the wind, comes for money, gets angry, hits it with an ax; finds money on the shore]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 1643:364; Finns [parents raised son in a barrel so that worldly vices would not stick to him; when released, his mother sent him to sell oil to a rich master; he would be tall and beautifully dressed; the guy sees a red milestone with white with the top, filled the gap with oil, came the next day for the money; the pole is silent, the guy twisted it, found a treasure under it; the mother sends meat to the pastor, such in a black robe and white-collar; the guy sold meat to the dog; the next day he dragged her to court; the people came to see; the king has a daughter who does not laugh or speak; she spoke and laughed for the first time; the king gave the guy gold]: Concca 1993:120-129; Veps [after the death of their parents, three brothers got three bulls; Roly the Fool took him to sell, tied him to a dry rotten pine tree, sold it to her, and he himself is responsible for her that He will give the money on Christmas; the brothers offer V. to sell their bulls, he leads them to the same pine tree; at Christmas they come there, the brothers scold V., and he beats a tree, uprooted them, golden under the roots treasure; on the way back they met the priest; decided that he would find the treasure in the footsteps, killed him, hid it in the chapel; V. comes to his shirts, asks if they remember the right priest they killed; brothers they lowered the priest's body into the ice-hole, and put the dead goat in the chapel; people took V. to the chapel; he asks if the priest had a beard, hooves, horns; people spat and returned to remember the priest; the brothers live richly]: Onegin, Zaitseva 1996, No. 52:180-182; Karelians (Kalevalsky District) [the girl gave birth to an illegitimate child, hid it in the basement; 15 years later her parents died, she looked into the basement, where she was an adult; she sent him to sell a bucket of butter; he sold a rotten stump; the next day he came, began to beat a stump, gold under it; they slaughtered a bull, the guy put the meat in the sleigh, took him to sell; the dogs grabbed the pieces; the guy gave them everything, promised to come for money; the king told dog owners to pay for meat]: Onegin 2010, No. 62:501-503; Western Sami (Finland): Kecskeméti, Paunonen 1974, No. 1643:259; Estonians, Livs, Lithuanians: Uther 2004, No. 1643:350

Volga — Perm. Mordva: Uther 2004, No. 1643:350; Bashkirs: Barag 1992, No. 147 (174) [Khuzha bought meat, gave part to the dog on the way home, telling it to pay later; he came for the money, began to beat the dog, she huddled into the corner of the barn; Khuzha found money there, counted the amount; “When I jerked you up, I found you right away!”] , 148 (175) [Khuzha bought a string for his belt, comes from the bazaar, the twine drags, caught on the stump; Khuzha left the string stump, promised to come for money; came, began to ask the stump for money; kicked him, under a stump money; Huzha calculated the required amount]: 194-195, 195.

(Wed. Eastern Siberia. Explicit Russian borrowing. Yakuts (the place of recording is not specified, a link to a publication in the Yakut language and to the archive; most likely central) [the old woman has a fool's son Christopher; once he went to the forest, tied a bull to a stump and became demand money from him for the bull; (without receiving money), hit the stump with an ax and found a treasure under it; kills a priest who demands his treasure, which he kept under a stump; instead of a dead priest, puts a calf; police officers are looking for a priest; H. asks if the priest had a long tail, horns, etc.; the police found a calf in the basement, beat H.]: Ergis 1967b, No. 328:251).