Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M39a6a. Clever daughter-in-law and captive khan.


After a long search, the ruler finds an intelligent wife for his son. At the mercy of his enemies, he sends a message with one of them, the true content of which is understood only by his daughter-in-law. She destroys enemies and frees her father-in-law. (The boys have a younger wife instead of an intelligent daughter-in-law).

Malgash, Bulgarians, Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Kabardian people, Abkhazians, Abazins, Ossetians, Ingush, Kazakhs, Kazakhs of Mongolia, Karakalpaks, Kyrgyz, Uighurs, Chelkans, Teleuts, Shors, Tuvans, South Altai Tuvans, Buryats, Mongols (Khalkha, Ordos), Northwestern (Olenek and Lower Lenek) Yakuts.

Sudan - East Africa. Malgashi [Zatuvu (god of earth and animate nature) is captured by the sun god; he executes him if Z. does not renounce his claim that the sun god did not create him; Z. offers a ransom, the sun god refuses all offers; then Z. says that he has a treasure at home: white equals white, red equals red; sun god sends his son to the village of Z.; only the youngest wife Z. understands the meaning of the words conveyed and takes the son of the sun god as a prisoner; Z. to the sun god: you couldn't create me, I'm more cunning than you]: Haring 1982, No. 1.6.65 (bar): 205.

The Balkans. Bulgarians [a wealthy man gave his son three hundred sheep, but did not give money to feed them; ordered his son to bring them all alive and well after wintering; the son met a girl who advised me to borrow money and feed the sheep until spring, and then cut their hair, sell it, repay debts and rams; the guy did so; then told his father who told him who had told him; the father decided to marry his son to this girl, went to marry her; when he came, the girl's father was not at home; asked her where her father was and if he would return soon; the girl replied that her father had gone to the mill and that if he went around the forest, he would return soon, and if he goes straight, he will be late; soon the girl's father returned, agreed to give his daughter, but demanded that the matchmakers come; when they came and sat down at the table, dogs barked in the yard; father-in-law went out see who was coming; when he returned, he said that Neroda (dial. monk) was coming, leading a bad child (dial. mule) and carrying nenitsa (dial. salt); the girl explained: there was a monk who led the mule and carried salt; when the young were married and set off on the road, the father-in-law said that he would go hunting, and told him to wait for it by the even furrows and dry stumps that let water out; they reached the vineyards, the girl said, that they should wait here; one day their father-in-law was captured by robbers, taken to the forest, demanded money; their father-in-law told them to go to his house and tell their daughter-in-law to feed them and drink them, and then brought them to the basement , which contains the money; asked me to tell her that our female brought the puppies, and the pig was piggy, so let him take the puppies and throw them under the pig, and put the piglets under the knot; the robbers told everything their father-in-law told their daughter-in-law; their daughter-in-law fed them and gave them water, and then said: "Here are piglets for you and puppies for a pig!" ; the villagers killed the robbers, went to the forest, saved their father-in-law]: Ketkov 1979:151-153.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars (Kiet, near Sivash) [khan asked questions to the wise men; the old man answered correctly: the most heartfelt is the wind, the hardest is the horse's hoof, the sweetest is the conversation between husband and wife; the old man admitted that the answers were suggested by his daughter; the khan got married; the daughter demanded 25 sheep, 30 cows, 40 bulls, 50 stallions, 60 horses; the khan realized that it was about his age: why does a girl need a 60-year-old horse; married a son's girlfriend; went on his way, taking gold; robbers attacked; khan: let two people stay, and the other two go with my letter to take the treasury; the khan's son reads: Dear son, I will not last long it remains to live; give a good welcome to the people who brought the letter; there are two mulberries in front of the palace gate - cut them to the root with an axe with a golden handle; if the axe is stupid, mark them on the black whetstone in the cauldron; wife: the messengers must be executed, the axe is you, the whetstone is me; the young khan sent people to free his father]: Zherdeva 2020, No. 60; Kalmyks [Khan Tsetsen married his son, took him hunting; noticing a deer lying down, said: "Run quickly, catch the deer by the horns"; the son ran, the deer rode away; the khan killed the deer with an arrow, whipped the son; the son told his wife everything, she thought that the old man was crazy; went again to hunting, the khan asked his son to cook meat in a wooden cauldron; the son hollowed out a cauldron from a piece of wood, poured water, crumbled meat and started a fire; the cauldron burned down; the khan beat his son; he told his wife everything, she said that the old man was crazy; the khan asked his son to catch a horse with one head south and the other north; the son caught two horses, tied them by the tails and brought them to the khan; the khan beat his son, daughter-in-law sent him to his parents; began to look for a new wife for his son; met girls who were collecting dung and were caught in the rain; they scattered what they had collected and covered their heads with empty leather bags and ran away home; a girl was walking behind her, who took off her robe, covered it with a bag of dung attached to her back, and led a calf with her; the khan asked her, realized that she was smart; told her father to made koumiss from bovine milk; the next day he rode again; the girl put her father to bed, told him to moan; the khan asked for koumiss from bovine milk; the girl says that the father is giving birth, so not yet cooked; khan: "Do men give birth"; girl: "Does a bull give birth to milk"; the khan decided to marry her son, told her father to come to the palace; the girl gave the old man a purse when he met the khan, who offered him gold; began to fill his purse, the purse stretched, held the entire treasury; they had a wedding, the khan took his son hunting; noticing a deer lying down, said: "Rather catch a deer for horns"; the son did as before; the beaten man returned home, the wife explained: "Shoot soon"; went hunting again, the khan asked to cook meat in a wooden cauldron; the son did as before; beaten returned home, his wife explained that it was necessary to pick up the khan's phone, fill it with tobacco, light it and give it to him; the khan asked to catch a horse in the herd with one head facing south and the other north; son he did as before; the beaten man returned home, his wife explained that it was necessary to bring a mare who was about to necklace; a neighboring khan sent Khan Tsetsen a wooden whip handle with the same thickness ends so that he can determine where the roots were and where the top were; daughter-in-law: "If we dip this stick into the water, the root, since it is denser than the top, must go deep into the water"; the neighboring khan sent the same a mare and a foal for Tsetsen to determine which of them is who; the daughter-in-law said they should not feed them for three days, and then both pour oats smaller than one horse in size and see who of these, while eating, she will shovel and move oats to the other with her lips, she is the mother; the neighboring khan sent two identical snakes to Tsetsen to determine which one is male and which is female; daughter-in-law:" You have to keep them in the dark, and then put some wide velvet on the way at the entrance so that they can crawl on it. As soon as the snakes are on the velvet, the female one will immediately curl up and lie quietly, and the male one will crawl around the sleeper, with her head raised high, as if guarding her dream"; the neighboring khan invited Tsetsen to visit; he came, chained him to a cart, given bread and water; Khan Tsetsen: "Write a letter to your own so that your whole kingdom will be chained here to one soul, and there I will find that wise man myself {who solved riddles}"; Tsetsen wrote to his wife: "The kingdom of our neighbor Khan turned out to be a real paradise. There is no suffering, no death, no illness; there is also no winter, and everything smells like spring; there is no summer either, and everything is cool in autumn. People here live on allowances in all four seasons and do not know what work is... I sleep on a soft feather bed. I eat fatty lamb and drink strong aromatic tea, dress in blue velvet. There are no limits to my pleasure, entertainment and fun... It all happens 24 hours a day. There is no way to leave this country even for one minute. When you receive this letter, all your heart and soul come here. Remember: you, my old lady, are trusting; there is an unfortunate piebald foal in my herd, but it is gratifying that there is a piece of fragrant oil in my chest... Everybody wander around. I miss you a lot"; a letter was sent with a messenger to the Tsetsen Khanate; daughter-in-law: "Everything he writes must be understood in the opposite sense. Tea and mutton are water and crackers; feather bed is earth, blue velvet is sky. Fun around the clock - suffering around the clock. And the fact that there is no way to be away even for one minute means that he is shackled... "You, my old lady, are trusting" is a warning not to believe the letter; "An unfortunate piebald foal in the herd" is the khan talking about a son who still does not understand anything, "a piece of butter in a chest" - it's me... The call "all wander here" means "go to war against the neighboring khan and free me"; they went to the neighboring khanate, told the khan that they were happy to wander to him; he freed Tsetsen, asked feast; by morning, the daughter-in-law brought the army, found the enemies sleeping, captured them]: Egorov 1978:19-31; Kabardian people [the khan was going to marry a stupid son to an intelligent girl; sent two servants to her with a gift; the girl noticed that the servants cut off some brocade for themselves; asked me to tell the khan: let him not punish the servants for the sake of her daughter-in-law and son; the khan realized that the servants had stolen brocade; the khan and his son go camping, the khan told his son cut the road; put a ladder on the road; he began to cut the road with a sword; lay down on the road, for there are no stairs; daughter-in-law to her husband: your father told you to first get off your horse and rest, and then prolong the song; The abreks captured the khan; he asks to send three people for ransom, ordering them to hand over: cut one pole in Kunatskaya, knock down two; give the messengers a hundred red hornless cows and a hundred one-horned bulls; daughter-in-law: kill two messengers, injure a third; send a hundred horsemen and a hundred pedestrians; soldiers forced the wounded to show the way, freed the khan]: Aliyeva, Kardangushev 1977:21-26; Abkhazians (Gudauta District) [Prince Salby Akhmat's son wants to check if his daughter-in-law is smart; tells his son to go with him, does not tell him to take supplies; on the way he asks him to shorten the road, feed him, bring him to a place where he can find out what he does not know; son does not understand, her daughter-in-law does not understand at home either, A. sent her to her parents; the same with his new wife; A. is looking for a new one, notices an intelligent Rasidac; sends a flax stalk, ordering her to weave the canvas and make clothes; R. in the answer sends a bamboo stick to make a loom; A. gives an egg - let him feed the chicken; R. gives a seed - let him grow millet to feed him; A. takes R. to marry her son; she explains to her husband: the father wanted for you to hand him the phone (tobacco will stop hunger), start a conversation (this will shorten the road), take him to visit someone; Prince Jatkar captured A.; he promises a ransom: 500 rams with straight horns and 500 seconds curved, 500 bulls with straight horns and 500 hornless; tells the messengers to find an ax under the balcony upon arrival, sharpen it, cut down the middle wing post of the balcony, then tell who sent it and why; R. explains to his people: you need 500 warriors with guns and 500 with sabers, and to get back cattle, 500 people with sticks and 500 unarmed; whoever cut down the pole is dangerous, he must be killed; the other two will show the way; Prince A. was released]: Khashba, Kukba 1936:189-203 (=Bgazhba 1983:238-245); Abazins [father went with his son asking to pave the road; son: I have no ax or boards; father beat his son; listened to him talking to his wife, she also does not understand how to pave the way; the father drove away his daughter-in-law; next time he tells his son that the living and the dead are buried in the cemetery; again, neither the son nor his new wife understand, father also drove this daughter-in-law away; the third explains everything: the father asked you to tell me something interesting; among the dead there are those who remain in memory; when the father asked me to wake him up without waking him up, you had to pet him head; father-in-law is happy; the abreki captured him; he asks to go to his daughter-in-law for ransom; asks to give it: the father-in-law asks for one hundred rubles in silver, one hundred old rubles, one hundred new rubles; with silver there are two extra ruble; keep one for yourself, exchange the other for two half rubles and keep one of them for yourself; give these people 300 rubles and one half a ruble; daughter-in-law orders to gather 300 armed horsemen; orders one Kill the messenger, gouge out one eye and follow him; the abrekov was killed]: Tugov 1985, No. 80:255-257; Ossetians: Britaev, Kaloev 1959 [Aldar needs a smart daughter-in-law; decided to test the daughter of a neighbor Aldara; went with his son, tells him to shorten the road, he does not understand, his father beats him; hears his daughter-in-law feeling sorry for her husband; tells her to be sent away; the same with another daughter-in-law (the father asks the son to boil the pot without water); for the third time: sell the ram and return its two halves; the daughter of a poor old woman tells her mother to buy a ram; it was eaten, and the head cut in half was returned (these are the shares of older men); Aldar is happy, marries son; beats because he did not understand the order to "make horses fat"; the new wife explains everything: it was necessary to start a conversation, light his father's pipe, let the horses get caught; Aldar was captured by enemies, put him in a hole; he advises to ask for a ransom for yourself: 18 x 18 one-horned, as many two-horned bulls; remove knives from the wall, sharpen them outside the door on a grindstone; cut down two out of three golden pillars, bring the third whole here and bring cattle; daughter-in-law: one-horned - spearmen, two-horned - with shields and swords; knives - you, I - a grindstone; kill two ambassadors, the third will show way; the army killed enemies, freed Aldar]: 348- 356; Byazirov 1960, No. 184 [this story was recorded in the 1920s in North Ossetia in Ardon and in South Ossetia in the Kudar Gorge; text by Britayev and Kaloev from Ardon]: 103; Ingush (p. Olgetta, 1962) [father and son went on a long journey; when they left home, the father said: "Shorten my long journey, lighten my body, light a fire for the cauldron"; the son did not understand the point, and the father came back; through the situation repeated for a while; the father married his son, then they went again and returned home again for the same reason; the father sent his wife to hear what the son would say to his daughter-in-law; son told his wife about what had happened, she explained: "shortening the path" means having an interesting conversation, "making the way easier" means giving my father a stick to lean on, "lighting a fire for the boiler" means stop smoking; when the father found out about this conversation, he left his son at home and went to a distant country; when captured there, he promised the people who had captured him that if they sent him to his house a messenger with a letter, they will get whatever they want; people agreed, the old man wrote: "Send me 60 red-speckled bulls with one horn each, 60 red-specked bulls with two horns, 60 red-specked bulls with two horns, 60 red-speckled bulls bulls with three horns and another 60 red-speckled bulls with four horns each"; the son did not understand the meaning of the letter, the wife explained: "60 one-horned bulls are 60 men armed with rifles; 60 two-horned bulls - 60 men armed with rifles and daggers; 60 three-legged bulls are 60 men armed with pistols, rifles and daggers; 60 four-legged bulls are 60 men armed with swords, with daggers, rifles and pistols. Your father was caught by bandits. Take all these people with you and bring your father home"; so the old man was released and returned home]: Dalgat 1972:377-378.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Daurenbekov 1979:138 [Edelbay has three sons, the eldest two are married; the youngest is Zhandaulet, E. wants to test him before marrying; tells him to drive 40 goats to the bazaar and, without selling them, buy chintz; J. stayed with the poor man for the night; the daughter explains: sell horns; E. guessed that his son did not solve this problem himself, married him to that girl; is going to go to town; older daughters-in-law ask bring a carpet and a chest; the youngest gives the bag and tells me to bring it back without opening it; on the way back, E. opened the bag, saw it gnawed sheep bones, scattered it across the steppe; robbers attacked, E. promised ransom - 60 old camels and 70 young ones; chieftain: we were watching you, but you were 41 - where did 40 go? E. guessed that the bones were magical; when the robbers came for the camels, the daughter-in-law guessed: she called 60 elders for advice and sent 70 horsemen to rescue E., they killed the robbers], 193-195 [ Khan Kaiyr teaches his son: drive goats to the bazaar, but do not sell them, but benefit from them and bring good things on nine camels; the girl Sakipzhamal teaches: cut down the goats and sell them; K. married her son; wants send his son with a caravan; S. advises to go himself; K. was captured by robbers; he promises a ransom; tells his son and daughter-in-law to ask 60 black-headed and red camels, a black sharpener that lies on the right the sides of the lintel; and the chest under lock and key; of the two poplars that grow in front of the house, let them cut down one, remove the bark from the other; the two robbers decided not to say that they were going for a ransom, but to say that their sister Kenzhekei K. married his son as his youngest wife; then let's talk about cattle; the daughter-in-law understood: to send 60 elders and horsemen; the chest under lock and key is herself, the sharpener is my husband; kill one robber, tie the other; the old man was saved]; the Kazakhs of Mongolia [Akkaishy ("white scissors"); there was Khan Alip, he had an ugly, stupid and weak-willed son; the khan was afraid that after his death his property would go to ashes; viziers advise marry his son to an intelligent girl; the khan tells the artist to depict everything that exists in our lands, animate and inanimate; the khan ordered the painting to be hung at the beginning of the gorge through which people descended from mountain pastures; the khan ordered to see if anyone found a flaw in the picture; the daughter of a poor old man: the artist forgot about the leopard and the moon; the khan came to the old man when the girl was not at home; tells him that tomorrow when the khan arrived, she fermented a roll of ox milk; when the khan arrived, the girl says that you can't go to the kibitka - the father has just given birth; the khan admits defeat; orders to make fetters from the ashes; the girl ordered father to make a lasso out of dry grass, burned it on an iron sheet; the khan tells the old man to arrive not on foot or on horseback, not to enter the house or stand in the yard; the daughter tells her father to come on a baptized goat, to climb between the upper felt cloth of the yurt and the inner mats; the khan married his son to a girl and gave them Akkaisha, in the sense that she has a sharp mind; once tells his son to come on a two-headed horse; A. orders the mare to be saddled for birth; when the son arrived, the head of a foal appeared from the mare's belly; the khan orders three red horses to be prepared for the race, they must send them directly to the pasture, tie and they cannot be confused; A. tells the horses to pull their tongues; the khan ordered to bring three immense four-year-olds, giving only one belt into a fathom long; A.: drill hooves, thread the belt through; attacked a large army of another khan seized land, the khan was captured; a foreign khan tells Alip to make all his people forced; A. promises to write a letter so that everyone migrates, let the khan send him with three reliable people; Khan Alip wrote to the vizier: "I live among this people in prosperity and pleasure. I put black silk under me, cover myself with blue silk. Ten people support me when walking behind me; the property allocated to me by the khan here does not count; so move all here; relocate all the people completely; three poplars that are planted in front of with a palace, cut down one and burn it as soon as these three messengers come to you; burn another poplar on the way, bring the third to me, I must see it with my own eyes; when migrating, all cattle let it go ahead; after reading the letter, the khan's wife, his son and viziers were happy; Akkaishy was sad, secretly gathered the khan, viziers and the most worthy people as his wife, explained the meaning to them; lay down for themselves black silk means that he has nothing to lay under him, he sleeps on bare ground, covered in blue silk, means that he has nothing to hide with, he sleeps in the open air. The fact that 10 people support him from behind when walking means that his hands are tied and he holds 10 fingers behind his back; three poplars in front of the palace; kill one right there, another on the road, and the third bringing Khan Alip alive; letting cattle in front means that heavily armed warriors must enter first; the army was led by Akkaishi herself; suddenly attacking, it took possession of a stranger khanate; Alip freed himself from captivity, handed over the throne to Akkaisha]: Babalar Sozi 2011 (79): 71-75; Karakalpaks [bai sends his son to sell sheep, bring back money, and bring the sheep back; he stays in the peasant's kibitka; the owner's daughter explains: the sheep must be cut, the wool must be sold; bai did not believe that his stupid son guessed it himself; when he learned about the girl, he married her son; to him robbers attacked; buy promises a rich ransom, asks to send two people with a letter; "Put forty black dromedary camels forward, forty red dromedaries behind, young people between them and bring everyone; if the cattle do not want to go, cut down one of the trees growing in front of the door to the root, and only cut down the other's branches"; daughter-in-law: forty black trees are the leaders, forty red ones are the rest of the horsemen, young animals - others; kill one who came, cut off the other's ears and nose, let him show the way; the robbers fled when they heard a horse tramp, saved the bay]: Volkov, Mayorov 1959:140-142; Kyrgyz [v Ways Jeerence-Chechen (LC) asks Telemirza's son to cook food on the horse's mane; then shorten the path; T. tries to set fire to the mane, level the mounds with ketman; LC: you had to get food and eat without getting off; entertain with conversation; LC is looking for an intelligent wife for T.; during the rain, the girls ran away, and Karachach covered the brushwood with a robe: the firewood remained dry and her mother would not scold her; Zhanybek Khan married her son; Zhanybek Khan came with his questions, K. answered; he tells the LC to come neither on foot, nor on horseback, nor on the road, nor across the field; K. teaches you to ride a goat along the steppe between two roads; tells you to pull tendons out of the stone and sew sand boots; K., under the guise of another woman, asked Zhanybek Khan about the same, he replied that this was impossible; then Zhanybek Khan captured ZhCH and his son; ZhC gave a letter: burn crops before winter; black Throw a blind goat into the lake; make a goat with straight horns the leader of the herd; I have a knife with a sharp blade, and there is also a worthless one, don't forget about it; K.: kill enemies, kill them and throw them into the lake Zhanybek Khan, put his younger brother Berdibek in his place, me with a sharp knife, my husband, worthless; everyone did so]: Brudny 1954:37-47 (=Brudny, Eshmambetov 1968:87-97, =197:119-125, = Ledenev 1987:15-22); Uighurs (Kashgar) [the padishah wants to test his son, goes hunting with him, offers to catch gazelle; the son rushes after the gazelle; the padishah hit the gazelle with an arrow, beat his son for stupidity; the vizier advises to marry a son to an intelligent girl; the padishah and the vizier see girls fleeing the rain; everyone is covered with empty bags, Gulinur alone took off her clothes, covered a bag of dung; padishah asks where G. lives; in a hut with 60 windows; the padishah realized that he had holes; tells Father G. to make a katyk out of bovine milk; in the evening G. says that the order has not been executed: the father gives birth; the padishah decides to marry her son to G., tells her father to come for gold; S. tells him to take not a bag, but his eye, he will fit more into it; after the wedding, the padishah tells his son to bring meat cooked on a stick; the stick burned down, G. tells bring a barbecue to my father; the neighboring padishah sent a planed stick, tells me where the butt was and where was the top; G.: the butt will fall in the water; distinguish the mare from her adult foal; G.: mother will become shovel my daughter's oats and take the daughter for yourself; the neighbor captured the padishah, ordered him to write a letter for his army to surrender; the padishah writes: "I am visiting a neighbor. His kingdom turned out to be a true paradise. There is a yellow silk canopy above me, I sleep on a soft feather bed, eat fatty pilaf, drink strong tea, and the khan drinks red wine. We have fun day and night, we have no strength to leave this kingdom. After receiving the letter, come with the entire treasury, and slaughter three lambs who come from the steppe. There is an unfortunate black foal in the herd - don't take it with you. And be sure to grab a smart fox." The padishah's wife believed that everything was so; G. orders to kill the messengers, led the army, freed the padishah]: Kabirov 1963:28-34.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Chelkan residents (western 1982) [the father speaks in riddles; tells the son to make the long journey short, the short one long; the son begins to cut the road with an ax; takes his son a wife, she also does not understand what he is saying, he kicked her out; asks poor girl, how many steps did you hit barley; girl: how many steps did your horse take? etc.; the father is happy with such a daughter-in-law; she explains to her husband that cutting the way is to sing a song; the father has left, the son and wife found a parcel at the door, there is a letter: I hide in a white sweat, I style black; two cut down the birch trees at the wall and at the door, bring the blunt bone at the door; the son wants to cut birch trees, the wife explains: the father is defeated, lies on the ground, covered with snow; taking a blunt bone is me, daughter-in-law; they found their father, killed enemies in a fierce battle, came home together]: Sadalova 2002, No. 35:347-355, 427 (comm.) [var.: the hero goes hunting; a hostile tribe of Kazakhs hijacks his children together with relatives, a strange child remains in the camp, left captive, the hero raises him, marries a wise girl , in the final, the hero is captured by the same Kazakhs, his daughter-in-law solves his letter, engages in battle with enemies who are defeated and become the subjects of her husband; var.: father-in-law is captured by the Shulmus; var .: captured by seven robbers, sends them to his camp with an allegorical letter under the pretext of voluntary conquest, the daughter-in-law solves the letter, the robbers are punished; the episode with the letter is also distributed in epic]; teleuts: Potanin 1883, No. 100 [Eren Checheng wants to marry a stupid son to an intelligent girl; it's raining, all the girls sat on their bunches {?} ; one undressed, covered the firewood with her clothes, covered her breasts with her hands; EC: why? I will have to start a fire at home immediately; my father and mother saw my genitals, but no one saw my breasts; EC married her son; Yara Checheng decided to take my daughter-in-law, ordered me to make boots out of stone; daughter-in-law collects sand: I want to make a rope; YACH: is it possible? daughter-in-law: and stone boots? YACH: let the bull give birth to a calf, treat the bull with milk; the daughter-in-law tears the grass: the father-in-law gave birth to a child, grass must be laid; YACH tells you to arrive neither in a shirt, nor naked, nor on a horse, nor on foot, nor by road, stop neither in the yurt nor outside; the daughter-in-law tells you to put on a net, ride between two furrows on a stick, step into the yurt with one foot; YACH threw EC into the hole, sent seven ambassadors to his son with his letter; EC: I'm lying on 6 layers of white silk, covered with seven silk blankets, playing checkers, drinking sweet light wine; I have 7 rams at home; kill 6, prick out the seventh's eye, break your arm, let him read the letter daughter-in-law; daughter-in-law: wine - tears, silk - snow, checkers - stars, 7 rams - ambassadors; six were killed, the seventh's eye was gouged out, he led them to YCH, they killed him, EC took his place]: 362-363; Funk 2004 [Ermen-Chechen sent his son to look for a bride; asks the girl where his parents are. - Let's go get firewood. - When will they come back? - If they go around, they will spend the night, and if straight, they will spend the night (on the road). - How many trees are placed on the horse during transportation? - But one is good, two are bad, and some are three. ECH calls his son a fool because he does not understand the answers; if straight, then without a road; good people go one piece of meat, stupid, scooping a few; ECH sent his son to ask the girl to sew shoes made of stone; she tells you to make threads out of the sand; the girl tells the guy to come neither in a shirt, nor naked, nor on horseback, or on foot, not on the road or along the side of the road; ECH tells him to go wrapped in a net, sit on a twig, another pick up, put one leg in the house, leave the other outside; girl: why a rod? guy: with spikes, but not a tree (rose hips); the guy married the girl; ECH was captured; two people came to say hello from him: my bed is black down, the blanket is black (white?) fluff, drink - black vodka, food - horse fat intestines; there is a gold cutter under the pillow, bring it with you; two goats are coming; two eyes are pierced, take guides and bring them with you; daughter-in-law: he was in the summer captured, lying on black ground, now white snow is falling; two thumbs suck, rain-snow serves as a drink; the gold cutter is her; let those who come to poke out the eye, let them show the way; daughter-in-law won enemies, freed by ECH]: 41-43; Shors [older brother Maas ("gadfly") is rich, younger Arychak ("bee") is poor, he has a daughter Sholban ("Venus"), M. agreed to give her a calf, he gave her a big offspring, M. demanded back not another calf, but the whole herd; both brothers came to the khan, who tells them to solve riddles; M.'s wife gives stupid answers, S. - wise (mother earth is fatter than fat, sun is faster than fast) ; Khan tells Sh. to sew a fur coat out of mosquito skin, who in response demands to give her a thread of sand; Khan orders to force the bull to calve; S. collects grass, says that for the newborn, because her father gave birth; Khan marries Sh. Son to make him wiser; Khan goes with his son, tells him to shorten the road, he begins to draw on the ground; S. explains that Khan asked to talk to shorten the path]: Funk 2011 (2): 248-252; Tuvans (Toja; 9 options all over Tuva) [old Sÿmeldey tells his daughter that he will go to Ai-han for some milk; she teaches what to do and how to respond; A.: 1) "Sandalwood in the middle of the blue lake without a top, 15 branches are damp, 15 are dry"); if S. does not guess, A. tells him to cut off his arm and head (the moon in the first and second half); 2) count the years of a polar bear with a black head (the daughter sewed on three dried human skulls to his father's clothes on the right and left; the bear says he is 110 years old, but he has never seen such a seven-headed creature); 3) weave a rope of ash (weave from a sedge, pull between poles, set fire, it will be covered with ash, but will remain stretched); A. tells S. to drive 6 oxen home, milk them, cook tarak; the daughter tells them to drive them into the pen, sits down to comb her hair in the morning; A. arrives asks how much hair she has; she: how many steps your horse has taken; forbids entering the yurt - her father gives birth there; if her father cannot give birth, then how to get milk from oxen; A. tells S. to come together with his daughter; writes the names of all living beings on a pole, and deliberately misses the falcon and the kite; S. did not notice this, the daughter noticed; A. marries his son to daughter S.; comes to Saryg Khan, who put him under him gold and silver pillow, accused of theft, crucified him on four stakes; sent four soldiers to his camp; crucified A. asks S. to send only four soldiers and tell him to the people that he is serving him four servants. In the middle of his camp, there is an iron poplar with four shoots - cut off three, leave one. Put my damask scissors at the beginning and the yellow knife at the end. Cattle at the beginning, hornless at the end. So, they say, the camp will be captured without a fight; daughter-in-law: damask scissors - me, knife - his son, cattle - army, hornless - ordinary people; orders to kill three warriors, let one be a guide; they release A., Saryg Khan captured]: Samdan 1994, No. 9:307-321; South Altai Tuvans [Haraat Khaan and Jechen Khaan hate each other; DH has an unfit son; he left a sign on ovaa with with the inscription; the poor girl read it and said: if an eagle is drawn, why write "kite", if a woman is drawn, why write "man"; khan decided that she is suitable for daughter-in-law; khan: how many times did she hold out skin under a leather stick? girl: how many steps did your horse take? khan orders to latch a rope from the ashes; the girl burned the rope; khan: make tarak from bull's milk; girl: the father is now having labor pains; since a man cannot give birth, then the bull does not milk; khan: let the father will come and be neither inside nor outside, naked or dressed; the girl tells her father to wear pants, shirt and stockings and climb between the wooden lattice wall and the felt of the yurt; the khan tells the girl's father to count years of a bear's life; daughter tells me to bring her two skulls that have turned white in the sun; painted them red and tied them to her father's shoulders; bear: there are 75,000 trees on the mountain, and I'm 75 years old, but I've never seen one; find out hare age; daughter: smear honey and sugar on trees in a hare meadow; hare: 60,000 trees on the mountain, and I am 60 years old, but I have never tried such sweets; XX married my son to a girl; was captured; two heroes and XX was tied to iron stakes, XX was given one louse a day, heroes two lice; XX said that his people were belligerent; to take prisoners, you must send his son a letter: you need to gather people with the lower reaches of a large river and from the upper reaches of a small river; the droppings of a sheep and a neutered goat are a value, it cannot be left; tell the daughter-in-law: let sheep and goats with horns go ahead, and without horns follow them; in front of them 4 iron poplars with my doors; let two cut down and uproot two and bring them here; I win, I lie on 9 blue silk carpets, lean on 4 iron backs on all four sides of the world and eat every day sheep soup; son is going to saw poplars; daube: gather warriors, they will need weapons sent to kill two at once, take two with them; the soldiers freed the khan and brought the loot]: Taube 1978, No. 50: 254-259 (=Taube 1994, No. 39:255-258); Baikal Buryats: Bardakhanova, Gympilova 2008, No. 24 (Tunkinsky District) [on the way, the khan tells his son to move the horse's tail (i.e. sing a song); he got off his horse, began to tug his tail; told him to make a wooden cauldron, the son began to cut down a tree; the khan beat his son; decided to marry him to an intelligent girl; she advised his father to ask for a full yard of cattle and a hat of gold for her; cattle they drove a hole out the other door, in her hat; having received enough for her parents, the girl moved in with her husband; Khan went to another and lost; he was thrown into the yard; he wrote home that he lived well, lies under a blue blanket, on a green silk mattress, has two guards, feeds on both, wrapped in a gold chain; come chasing three hundred sheep in front, cattle in front, hornless cattle behind, bring a thin red bull and a seedy white cow, bring a samovar with a gold chain; daughter-in-law: father-in-law lies chained on the ground under a blue sky; cattle are people with spears and guns; the thin bull is his son, the cow is his wife, the samovar is me; the khan was released, the enemies were killed, captured], 25 (Ekhirit-Bulagatsky district) [checking the herd, the father tells his son to cook meat in a wooden cauldron; he begins picking aspen; father beat him; daughter-in-law tells her husband that he should have picked faster; the father tells him to send his wife, get a new one; she explains that it was necessary to string the meat on sticks and fry it; the father got into captivity, promises ransom: 300 white horses, three black rams; sent a letter with three warriors: bring 300 white sheep, kill one ram on the spot, another on the way, the third here; daughter-in-law: send 300 warriors who came to kill one immediately, then let the third show the way; the old man was released, the enemies were destroyed], 27 [the khan tells the old man to bring a rope of ash on foot, on horseback, or on horseback, or on foot road, not without a road; the daughter tells the khan to come on the side of the road, set fire to a straw rope; the khan orders to milk the bull, cook tarak; the daughter of the khan who came: the father was born; the khan married the girl to his son; Khan people Wolf, Sheep, Water, Wood, the daughter-in-law should not say these words; she says that the howling person growing up for the current one catches bleating; khan tells his son to make a wooden cauldron; wife: fire meat on spit; the khan was captured by another; he asks to send a letter with three messengers; "I am held in high esteem, lying on a black silk bed, under a blue silk blanket; take gold scissors, the front roof throw it back, and the back one forward, leave the lump nigella and the cleaver, drive the cattle in front, let the hornless ones go behind; cut down one of the three golden aspens on the spot, the second when you leave home, the third - having crossed the Khan's possessions"; daughter-in-law: Khan lies bound under a cart, on sheep droppings under the blue sky; cattle - an army, hornless cattle - unarmed people; cleaver - Khan's son, nigella - Khan's wife, gold scissors are a daughter-in-law; kill one sent immediately, the other by leaving home, taking the third as a guide; the khan was released], 28 (Bayandaevsky District of the Irkutsk Region) [an intelligent man came to the daughter of wealthy parents; both speak allegorically, understand each other, he took the girl away; her parents are unhappy; when he arrived, he was beaten and thrown into the steppes, sent eight a man to return his daughter; the husband asks to tell me that he lives in a huge white palace, a blue silk blanket on top, a yellow silk mattress under it; let them bring a gold thimble; in the south-west, seven of Cut down eight golden aspens, bring the eighth; assemble the southern roof in front, collect the northern roof from the back; wife: the golden thimble is me, gather people from the south and north; the blanket, the mattress and the palace are on the ground under clean sky; 8 aspens - eight arrived; seven were decapitated; wife returned her husband], 32 (Tunkinsky district) [khan found an intelligent wife for his son; was captured, tied between four pillars; he sent a letter: "U I have a green silk cape, a blue silk blanket, I have watchmen day and night, I am with a Western Khan; you are on these three bulls, with thirty escorts I sent, come, all your goods send, chase the cattle in front, lead the rest of the cattle behind, leave the bad ax there, take the gold scissors with you, you will come"; daughter-in-law: cattle are warriors, the rest of the cattle are other people, the axe is my husband, the scissors are me; as they arrived, they killed three bars of another khan, hung 30 escorts, the khan was released; he handed over power to his daughter-in-law]: 123-125, 127-129, 132-134, 136-137, 153-154; Eliasov 1959 [ Khan tests the wisdom of the future wife of his son Altan-Haish, asks to bring a rope from the ashes; the girl makes straw, sets fire, remains a strip of ash in the shape of a rope; remove 13 chickens from boiled eggs; AH: to have food for chickens, take porridge, sow, grow millet; Khan is happy; went hunting with his son, tells him to do with wooden dishes; the son tries to hammer the log; seeing that the son is behind, he orders to pull the horse by the tail; the son understands literally; AH: it was necessary to fry a barbecue and drive a horse; the khan came to another, he makes riddles, the khan cannot guess, he was shackled and tied to a pole; the khan promises a ransom, sends a letter to his daughter-in-law: Shajin-Nomon Khan gave me jewelry for my arms and legs, a silver twisted chain around my neck; his people do not leave day or night; chase horned cows and bulls, followed by hornless cattle; from Cut down two golden aspens and burn them on the spot, take one to the borders of Sh.'s possessions; let my daughter-in-law cut the letter with gold scissors; when three messengers arrive, my son tries to gather cattle, and daughter-in-law orders to kill two out of three messengers and send an army; S. tied up like a ram and brought]: 7-19; Mongols: Dulam, Molomjamts 2010 (halha; exact place of recording is not specified) [Khan decided to marry his stupid son on a smart girl; called her old father, ordered her to bring an ash hobble with three legs made of ashes, while walking neither along the road, nor off the road, nor in boots, not in boots, do it day or night, inside or outside; the old man gave this to his daughter, who explained what to do; the next morning the old man came to Khan; Khan: Where are you? old man: neither inside nor outside - between a wooden floor and a felt roof; Khan: When did you come? old man: at dawn; khan: what way? old man: along a narrow path; Khan: How did you make horse fetters with three legs out of ashes? old man: made fetters with three legs, put them on a stone, burned them; khan: I'll come to your house, give me bull milk; the girl put the old father in a yurt, went to the khan and said that the father was giving birth; khan: is Can a man give birth? girl: does a bull give milk? Khan married her son; ordered him to bring a horse with two heads; the son tried to tie two horses, turned to his wife; she explained: we must bring a mare who will soon be necklaces; the khan told his son cook meat in a wooden cauldron; the son burned a wooden cauldron and turned to his wife; she explained: it is necessary to string pieces of meat on dogwood sticks; the khan ordered to make a man who can speak out of ice; son I made an ice man, he was silent; my wife explained: I must say that my body consists of water, and water is ice; Khan was satisfied; once he went hunting, he was caught by two people who wanted to seize the throne; they allowed him to send a letter; Khan wrote: above me there is a blue vault, a green silk cloth under me, ten people support my back, I always have two wineskins of milk and plenty of lamb, I live happily, send cattle in front of you, hornless behind, drive the white hare into the pen, there are two aspens, they are local spirits, cut down one, use the other as fuel, to come here, my son has a file at his feet, my daughter-in-law knows this, let her cut down the lock and open the chest; two people brought a letter, my daughter-in-law deciphered it: the sky is above the khan, under it grass, his hands tied behind his back, we must send forward those armed with guns and spears, and leave the unarmed behind, hide during the day and move at night, two pines are two messengers, one must be killed , leave the other as a guide; they did so, the enemies were killed, the khan was saved; when the khan was old, he decided to hand over the throne to his daughter-in-law; before that he wanted to test her: you must write a phrase without the words araq, sawar (dung stick), aduu (horse), khomil (pellets, sheep droppings), honi sheep (), huts (ram), chono (wolf), qol (river), mod (tree species), idekh (tree species), but mention them all; gave her a box and a stick to collect the dung; meanwhile, the wolf dragged the ram out of the herd, dragged it across the stream and ate it; daughter-in-law: when I carried the basket on my back, she held a curved wooden hand and collected what the runners had lost, a howler appeared, grabbed the father of the bleating, crossed the water stream and swallowed the man captured near the tallest plants; the khan was pleased, handed her the throne]: 37-38; Mikhailov 1962 ( probably khalha) [the khan had a stupid son; officials advised: "Choose a smart wife for him so that she could conduct public affairs. Tell me, Khan, to draw all the animals in the world, written signs, plants, the sun, the moon and stars, put these pictures on the main roadway, and make all your subjects worship them images. An intelligent person will immediately notice the shortcomings in the drawings"; the Khan approved this, and a decree was read out everywhere: "A prayer has been posted for the faithful at the pass. I command everyone, without exception, to come to that pass within three days and pray. Whoever does not pray will be severely punished"; all subjects prayed; when the old man and daughter passed through the pass, his daughter dissuaded him from praying: the drawings are inept, the artists forgot to depict a hare, the text of the prayer lacks the "huvm" sign; the khan found out, wanted to see the girl; when she was collecting argal, he came to the old man, ordered him to milk the bull by morning, and cook tarak from milk; in the morning, daughter she scattered manure on the west side of the yurt, put her father on a mattress, and at the entrance to the yurt she drove two stakes and held a hairrope between them (this is done when there is a sick or newborn in the yurt); when the khan came for a cockroach, the girl went out and said that it was impossible to enter the yurt - the father was giving birth; the khan asked where it had been seen for a man to give birth; the girl: "Didn't you, O Your Lordship, /You saw that eccentric, /What makes yogurt/From bovine milk? /If he has appeared like this now, /Why not give birth to a man?!" ; khan returned home; when the girl went to get the argal, came to the old man, ordered him to twist the horse fetters from the ashes by morning; in the morning the girl weaved fetters out of hay, set it on fire - it turned out to be fetters of ashes; showed them to Khan , he left; she went for the argal, the khan came back, told the old man that he would come again tomorrow, and ordered the old man not to let his daughter go outside or leave her in a yurt; he came in the morning and could not find her (she stood between the wall and the felt tire of the yurt); when she went out, she returned to the palace; the girl went for the argal, the khan came to the old man again: "Ride a double-headed horse and come to me at the turn of day and night, between today and tomorrow. But you can't go on the road. If you do otherwise, don't blow your head off." The girl told the old man to catch a mare about to get necklaces and explained: "When you arrive, say: "The sun is setting there, it's night here , and it's dawning in the west." When asked which way you went, say, "On the grass between two roads." When they ask: "Did you come on a double-headed horse?" , say yes. When they look at your mare, she will already have two heads"; the old man came to the khan, answered as his daughter told her; the khan married his son to her; went hunting with him, said: "Go, son, in front of his father, so that the horse's tail moves"; he jumped off the horse, began to twist the horse's tail; the khan scolded him, beat him; killing and cutting the beast, ordered him to make a fire, prepare a wooden cauldron and fry the meat; the son made a fire, knocked down the tree, sawed off the lower part and began to hammer it; told the khan what he was making a wooden cauldron; the khan beat him again; killed another beast, the khan asked him to start a fire, fry the meat and spread the black litter; the son made a fire, roasted the meat on a spit, tore the felt off the saddle and spread it; the khan beat him; at home, the son complained to his wife, who explained what was going on; khan went hunting again, took his son with him, repeated his previous requests; when he heard the first, the son went in front of his father in a quiet trot; when he heard the second, he made a wooden spit and fried meat on it; when he heard the third, fried the meat, and when the ground from the fire turned black, he removed the ash from it so that he could sit down; the khan sent his son home, decided to continue hunting himself; went to a foreign state, was captured; for three years I was lying in a dirty yurt; when they decided to execute him, I asked permission to send a letter; wrote: "I show mercy to all relatives and friends, /I write to my homeland with a low bow /And I inform you that in a foreign country/ My life is nice and free./Will I ever come back? - I don't even like the thought of it! /It's so wonderful to sleep under a canopy blue/On an emerald silk bed! /I lie in scarlet pillows day and night, /I drink goat milk in large bowls, /And eight servants in an eight-story palace/They serve me so respectfully and important! /I live here as a master, not a guest, /I'll die, let my bones decay here./If you want to share my happiness, /Well, pick up the cattle and come./And the first person to go to my country/ Let him drive him cattle in front, /And lead hornless cattle back./Take your belongings, - it will do on the road, -/ Carry everything... Yes, I almost forgot: /The foal was scabies /And the mare in our herd./You can part with them/Leave them, scabies, in place: /A contagious horse will not bring us honor./Two my sandalwood trees/They shine with a hat of gold leaves. /You need to leave one in place, /Try to transport the other. /Go deep into my large rooms. /Gold scissors hang there/At the head in bedroom, for a nightmare, /You must definitely take them with you..."; the messengers handed a letter to the khan's son, who believed and was happy; my wife deciphered: "A great trouble has happened to me./I ask my relatives; to me show mercy. /Find out: I'm captured in a foreign country, /And I'm in danger of dying here every hour./My fate is incredible, /Will I ever come back? /I sleep and eat in the open air, /Bed is earth, and I'm completely waste./Eight guards out of an eight-walled yurt /They don't even let me into the steppe; /I won't die today or tomorrow/And bones here in someone else's the country will decay. /But if you want to save me/Then come with the army as soon as possible: /Armed in the lead squad, /And let the unarmed man walk behind. /The messenger who rode with my letter, /Make him walk behind. be a guide on the way/And if there are two of them/And kill one on the way./So that your son and khansha mother do not interfere with you/You hardly need to take them with you on a camp./There is no smarter than my daughter-in-law in the khanate./ Ask her for advice on everything, /She will always find a solution./So let her boss go camping!" ; daughter-in-law gathered an army; one of the messengers was killed, the other was forced to be a guide; they seized the lands of the neighboring khanate, freed the captive khan]: 78-86; Mongols (Ordos): Potanin 1893, No. 19 [y a rich man is a stupid son, Tenek-hoo, who has an intelligent wife; his father tells T. to go to the steppe and ask the hamhak ("Schanginia or another plant from these hodgepodge plants") where he is heading; T. goes for a hamhak, asks him unsuccessfully; his wife advises him to tell his father: "I grew up on the north side, my roots have come out of the ground; I'm going to lie down in the plain, settle in the basin"; T. does so; next time his father sends him to ask the crow where she is flying; T. goes after the crow, asks her unsuccessfully; his wife advises him to tell his father: "I hammered, hammered with his beak, my head hurts; I'm going now, wondering if there will be meat, I'll gouge it like that! If the eyeball will not meet, I pick it out"; T. does so; the father realizes that the son's wife is smart and tells her to always speak to him allegorically (ondan yandzor); the wife goes to check sheep and sees that one of them has been grabbed by a wolf; tells T. to tell his father: "There is a mailamai inside the current smile growing on the shore; you, father, ride a maned, take it, call shonshumai and come soon, come soon"; the father understands what she wants to say: "Inside the forest by the river, a wolf ate a sheep; after riding a horse, taking an onion and calling a dog, come soon"; T. and his wife go to visit wedding; the wife tells him to sit with his back to the window and stick his braid out - when she tugs her, he should stop eating; T. does so; when he returns home, he meets six people who they brought a letter from my father: "Out of these six arrows, break two in my house, break two on the road and break two before my eyes; take a white ram in the middle, four of us come to me"; T. does not understand What are you talking about; the wife explains: "Your father has been captured and taken away; he now orders that you kill two of those sent to you with a letter in your house, two on the road, and two in front of his eyes; so that you, taking me and two ambassadors, the four of us came to him"; T. does so, frees his father, returns home; later becomes king]: 178-179; Mostaert 1937, No. 9 [Shurguljin Khan wants to marry a stupid man red-faced son on an intelligent girl; gathers people, asks questions; a tree with 12 branches, 360 flowers looking up, 360 down; the old man's daughter explains to her father that this is a year; five myriads of yellow hares led by a hare with a white spot on its forehead (stars and moon); ten myriads of bushes and a red stump (mountains and Mount Sumeru); bring three measures of meat wrapped in bone, two measures of bones wrapped in meat (egg and yuyuba); having learned that the old man has a daughter, S. promises to come, tells him to cook koumiss from the milk of a neutered bull; girl: father gives birth, I am going to get a midwife; S. married his son to this girl; tells his son greet him on a horse with two heads (wife: pregnant mare); greet him neither in the yurt nor outside (between the bars and the nightmare); prepare ashes (weave fetters from dry couch grass, set fire, an ash trail will remain); S. decides to seize the neighboring kingdom, the son chatted everything; the enemies seized Sh., put him in a well, he eats his own lice; the neighboring king sends the nobleman to bring the people Sh.; Sh.: they will go if they find out that I live well; asks me to tell you: I live happily in a house dark as a coffin; I eat only goat meat and lamb; the carpet on which he is sitting is made of colorful brocade and striped yellow silk; in I spend my days contemplating five jewels - turquoise, corals, mother-of-pearl, ruby and lapis lazuli; lying on a piece of blue silk that has no boundaries; when you come, let your cattle in front of you, and let me go ahead horned ones come, followed by hornless; there is one red ram with curved horns that is always behind everyone - kill him; there is a black rough file at the head - take it with you; there are a pair of sharp scissors at the feet - take it with you; there is no need to go in large numbers, it will be enough if three go; the daughter-in-law understood everything: the file is the wife of Sh., the scissors are herself; the ram is the son of Sh., kill him; the horned are the army; the enemy is defeated , S. was released; he married his daughter-in-law to the son of his younger brother, handed over the kingdom to him] in Solovyov 2014.

Eastern Siberia. Yakuts: Illarionov et al. 2008, No. 36 (the text was recorded in Yakut language in 1945 in the Shologonsky Heritage of the Olenek District) [the old man left his son at home, went down the river; met people, went to their uras; the girl put food in front of him, he asked how many cooks she had poured into his plate; "I don't know how many cooks she poured. If you said how many steps your deer took to walk from home to here, then I would have answered"; the old man realized that she was smart, brought his son, they got married; while hunting, the old man met hostile people; he was captured, tied to a tilted larch and lit a fire under the tagan - they decided to kill him with smoke; the old man asked him to tell his son: "I'm exhausted like a bump rolling, with I'm struggling with young leaves"; "Also tell me, let my son, when he hears my words, cut down the tops of two birch trees growing right in the north, then let him look directly to the west, there will probably be a pine forest with with countless trees. If my son doesn't know how to cut them off, a white stone under my bed will help him. If he cannot understand my word, a sharp knife under his pillow will help him; toyon sent two heroes to the old man's house; they sent a message to his son and his wife; his wife explained: "a sharp knife " - this is her; "I'm exhausted..." - tied to a tilted tree; "Let my son... cut down the tops..." - the son must cut down the heads of these heroes; "... there will be a pine forest..." - the son must destroy all enemy troops; "... a white stone must lie under my bed..." - my father's combat knife; my son did so, saved his father]: 358-363 (=Sivtsev-Omolloon 1976:190-194; =Ergis 1967a, No. 95:61-63); Ksenofontov 1992b (2), No. 27 (Bulun, Khatyginsky Nasleg of Zhigansky Ulus, 1924) [Old Kuraah-Mangel had a crazy son; KM drove down the river, met the chum where the old man and the old woman and daughter lived; when they put soup in front of the guest, he said to the girl: "Honey, you're good I cooked food. Tell me, did you pour the soup on a spoonful basis, or according to the amount of meat?" ; the girl replied, "Old man, do you know how many steps your deer took from home to us? If you counted your deer's steps, I guess I also counted how many times I scooped up with a spoon, but if you didn't count the deer's steps, I hardly watched how many times I scooped up with a spoon"; the next day, KM came with his son, the young got married; KM went hunting, met people from a hostile tribe; he was caught, strapped to an obliquely growing tree; after collecting a bunch of rotten things under the tree, set fire to make him suffocate from the smoke; KM said, "I still have a son at home. You tell him the following words for him: "I found friends with whom I lived in peace and in constant harmony... Unable to control my strength, I swung in a pot, unable to restrain my zealous heart, and began to play with the young larch." Then tell him again: "When he is, with his face facing east, he will see two birch groves. Let him cut down the tops of these birch trees as soon as possible and bring them to me... Then, if you look west, you'll see a thick thicket of young larch trees. Let him cut off their tops and bring them to me. Next, my sharp hatchet under my pillow is unlikely to understand anything. If he can understand anything, he will understand my white stone, which lies under my red bunk"; the enemies sent two knights with several warriors; they reached the old man's yurt, they did not find their son at home, They sent a message to their wife; she said, "Wait, let my husband come. He'll cut off what he's been assigned to. You'll see for yourself"; KM's son came, his wife interpreted the meaning to him: "Unable to control my strength, I swing my pot <... >" means: "I was tied to an obliquely growing tree and, having lit a rotten fire under me, they smoke." Speaking of two growing birch groves whose heads need to be cut down, he suggests that you cut off the heads of these two knights. And speaking of the thicker than young larches, he understood the army of these knights. The sharp hatchet that's under my pillow is you. Really, would you understand anything by yourself? Under the white stone lying under the red bunk, he understood me, hoping that I would understand the meaning of his words"; the son of the KM cut off the knights and killed their warriors; then saved his father, killed the rest of the enemies]: 283- 285; (the plot is briefly retold in Ergis 1967b, No. 313:247).