Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M39a6c. The Tsar Craftsman. .14.17. (.23.27.) .29.30.32.-.34.

The poor girl agrees to marry the prince only if he learns a craft. The prince fulfills the condition, then falls into the hands of enemies. He promises to make them an expensive item, let them sell it. His wife or (father, vizier) learns the job, the prisoner is released, the attackers are executed.

Berbers and Arabs of Morocco, Kabila, Tunisia, Egypt, Thousand and One Nights, Palestinians, Arabs of Syria, Iraq, (Uttar Pradesh, Dogri), (Serbs), Kabardian, Dargins, Avars, Lezgins, Tatas, Georgians, Armenians, Turks, (Kurds), Persians (Fars, Mazandaran, Azerbaijan, Khorasan), Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kazan Tatars, Kazakhs, Dungans.

North Africa. Tunisian Arabs [the prince falls in love with a poor girl; she makes a condition for him to learn a craft; the prince learns to spin silk, makes a handkerchief depicting his father's palace; falls into his hands poisoners, but thanks to this handkerchief, his entourage finds and saves him; after the death of his father, the prince inherited the throne; the old woman gives her sister a remedy to cause pregnancy; the princess dies after giving birth a girl; she grows up, she manages to prevent the old woman from digging up and dishonoring her mother's body; the old woman blackens the girl's skin, brings her to the palace as a slave; she manages to tell the king everything; the old woman was burned]: Nowak 1969, No. 267:254-255; Arabs of Morocco [the prince met a girl; she is only ready to marry him if he learns a craft; the prince has learned to weave silk, made a scarf with the image father's palace; falls into the hands of poison makers; thanks to his product, his fate is known, he is saved; after the death of his father, the prince inherited the throne; the princess dies after giving birth daughter; she does not allow the old woman to dig up and dishonor her mother's body; the old woman turns her skin black and brings her to the palace as a slave; the girl manages to tell the king everything; the old woman is burned]: Nowak 1969, No. 267 : 254-255; Arabs of Morocco [Baba Alál clandestinely sells wine; set up a tavern where he feeds meat to captured people; the caliph and the vizier go there incognito; fall into the basement; advise do not cut them into meat, but buy silk and sell the fabric they will make; embroider a message on it; the robbers sell the item to the minister, tell the seller to show the brothel, and release the caliph and the vizier; the owner's beard was shaved off and his head cut off]: Alarcón y Santón 1913, No. 3:97-103; the Berbers of Morocco [the king told the minister to change clothes, they went incognito into the city; went to the tavern; the owner threw them into the basement; he was the first to take the minister out; he was gutted and food was prepared from it; the king offers the owner to earn much more from it; asks for silk, makes silk cloth, inserting them into the pattern his name; let the owner sell the fabric in the palace; the king's son bought the cloth, read the inscription, asked the seller to take him to his house, ordered him to tie it; the liberated king wrote: honest craft will not enrich a person, but at least it will prolong his life; a piece was cut off from the owner of the tavern every day, fried and forced to eat]: Leguil 1988, No. 18:95-101; the Arabs of Egypt [the prince wants to marry; finds a girl who collects onions with her father; her father immediately orders the construction of a palace; the girl refuses the prince: let him learn the craft; the carpenter promises to learn in two years, the blacksmith in a year, a poor silk weaver who is not allowed into the front row — in 5 minutes (it is enough for the prince to see how he works); the prince weaved his father's palace, the girl married the prince; two years later The prince and the vizier go to the Maghrebin coffee shop; they are locked together with others, the prisoners are hung by the legs, the poison is melted out of them; the prince says that the owner will get more if he sells a silk shawl (the one which he tested and depicts the royal palace); the seller was detained, the prince and other prisoners were released; soon the king died, handed over the throne to his son; he fell ill; tells his son, who is 6 more, marry only after the daughter (she is 8) is married, otherwise the wife will harm the son's sister; after the father's death, the sister asks her brother twice what he would do with his father's treasures; he suggests various nonsense she realizes that her brother is still young; for the third time she offers to irrigate the field near the palace and harvest; her sister gives him money; the old woman persuaded the young man to marry her daughter; fed her sister eggs to a bird Umbars that make virgins pregnant; angels adopted a newborn girl and her mother died; the old woman continues to harm; after all, the girl tells everything; the old woman and her daughter were burned]: Spitta-Bey 1883, No. 7:94-104; Kabyles: El-Shamy 2004, No. 949*: 653-654.

Western Asia. A thousand and one nights (only in the Wortley-Montague manuscript, written in 1764-1765 in northern Egypt, Moussa-Mahmoud 1976:7-17) [the Emperor of China has three sons; their mother is ill, the doctor says that she can be cured only with the help of living water that is available in Iraq; three sons arrive in Iraq and go on alone; the eldest comes to town and is hired by a Jew; later For a while, a Jew persuades him to accept the following condition: with a whole loaf of bread and half more, he must not eat half or break the loaf; the prince breaks the condition, the Jews kill him; the second prince comes to them and is also killed; the third prince also meets them, then finds and buries their brothers; when a Jew sends him to his home for meat, the prince tells his wife that the master wants celebrate the circumcision of his sons and tells her to kill and cook all the cattle; the Jew plans to throw the prince off the roof; when everyone falls asleep, he puts the Jew's children to his place and lies down on them; a Jew kills children and, when he finds this, rushes at the prince; he stabs him with a knife; a Jew's wife gives the prince living water; when he returns to China, he finds out that his father has passed away, heals his mother and becomes emperor; when he sees the daughter of a Bedouin, he falls in love; the Bedouin will pass her off only as a person who has mastered a craft; the emperor learns to weave mats; goes for a walk around the city disguised as a dervish, comes in to the tavern (kebab shop), falls under the floor; tells the robbers who are going to kill him that he can weave mats for them; they agree, sell his works; one day he makes a mat that only suitable for the palace, and weaves a message between the ornaments, thanks to which the palace guards manage to find it; the robbers are killed, the emperor is freed]: Marzolph, Leeuwen 2004 (1): 416; Arabs Iraq, Syria, Palestinians: El-Shamy 2004, No. 949*: 653-654.

(Wed. South Asia. India, Hamirpur District, Uttar Pradesh, Hindi [The doctor tells the patient that only human beings can cure him; the patient is healthy in the morning; after finding out the address of such a butcher, the doctor told the king; to find out everything himself, the king dressed as a commoner and hired a butcher; the butcher said that the meat supply was running out, he was going to kill the worker; he asked for the letter to be handed over to the vizier, he would give much more than he could get for meat ; the vizier sent warriors, the butcher was hanged]: Crooke 1895, No. 260:105); Jammu District {probably dogri} [content unclear, original needed]: Jason 1989:37).

(Wed. The Balkans. The Serbs [the king, daughter and wife decided to sail on the sea; the storm carried their boat to an unknown country; the king could do nothing but reign, so he hired a shepherd; his daughter was noticed by a local prince, fell in love and the parents had to agree to their son's marriage to the shepherd's daughter; the vizier came to marry her, but the shepherd king asked what the groom's craft was; if not, marriage was impossible; he but the second matchmaker received an answer; the prince went to the bazaar to see which craft was easier to learn; it turned out that weaving chickens; looking at the little girls expelled by the prince, the shepherd king agreed to marry; when it turned out that the bride was the princess herself, everyone happily married; the king was given the ship to return home]: Eschker 1992, No. 32:161-164).

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Kabardian people [Shah Abbas used to put clothes inside out and go around taverns to know how people live; when he saw the shepherd's daughter, he fell in love with her; sent servants to marry her; the girl asked if the Shah knew any craft, and when she heard a negative answer from the servants, refused to marry him; the Shah mastered gold mining, sent the girl his job, after which they got married; wearing clothes inside out, went to town; saw a pub with many people coming; went inside, fell under the floor and ended up in a dungeon with three people; they said that human meat was added to lamb in the tavern and that they, prisoners, would be slaughtered one by one; when it was the turn of the Shah, he told the innkeeper's people that he knew the craft and promised make a big profit; he was left alive, given him a loom; the Shah weaved a gold braid, advised him to sell it to Shah Abbas's wife; when he saw the braid, the wife guessed who weaved it; paid who brought her forty gold medals to her orphan and asked him about the weaver's whereabouts; then she called the people, said that the Shah was ill and would come out to them in the morning with her head bandaged; in the morning she bandaged her head and put on clothes her husband and went out to the armed men; ordered him to go to the tavern and surround him; the weaver and orphan were taken to the palace, and the innkeeper and his men were skinned]: Tambiev 1900, No. 1:1-8; Dargins [Shah Abbas demanded that everyone come to work; girl: let the shah come to me himself; he asks questions, she answers; What are you doing? - One out of two. - Where is Dad? - I went out of my friend to make an enemy. - Where is the mother? — I went to make one out of two. Shah did not understand, the girl explained: I sew one new shirt from two old shirts; my father went to a friend to borrow money; my mother went to help the woman in labor; the girl agreed to marry the Shah after he had mastered the Shah craft — he learned to make gold chains; the Shah went on a journey, saw a lot of meat in one city, he was thrown into a hole; there were dead and alive; he sold the unfinished chain, and began to make money new; the news of the chain master reached his wife; the Shah was released]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 20:93-94; Lezgins: Aliyeva 2013, No. 16 [Shahabbas wore dervish clothes, found out about the poor man's smart daughter; girl She agreed to marry him only when she found out that the padishah knew how to make felt carpets; one day, the padishah went into the caravanserai and fell into the basement; there they were waiting for their fate: they would be slaughtered for meat; the padishah took making felt carpets: it would be more profitable for the owner; advised to sell the carpet to Shahabbas; the wife guessed that her husband was in danger, the robbers were executed, the prisoners were released]: 82-83; Khalilov 1965, No. 88 (western 1935) . B. Nabiev) [Shah-Abbas (SHA) overheard the conversation of three sisters; the eldest wants to marry SHA, the middle wants to marry his Nazir, the youngest wants the king to be her slave; the SHA marries the eldest, the middle one gives Nazir and tells him to kill the youngest; he let her go; she found three mounds, one silver coins, the other gold coins, the third copper; disguised as a man, she lived with an old woman whose son was a firewood seller; gave her money to buy a plot of land on which mounds; built a palace; he was visited by the SHA, she took the guests to the bathhouse, the SHA carried a basin of linen after her; the SHA opened, who apologized; Nazir advised to run, SHA and his men were captured, but the girl forgave him; married the old woman's son; advised him to learn a craft, he became a carpet weaver; while hunting, her husband got lost, he was brought home and threw him into a hole; the robbers agreed not to kill him when he promised them to weave expensive carpets; asked them to sell a carpet in such a city, weaved a message on it; his wife found out, read it, forced those who came Tell me everything, sent an army; her husband was released, the robbers were beaten to death]: 270-279; Avars [Khan's son fell in love with a girl; matchmakers were sent to her parents; the girl's father asked how The groom owns the craft; the Khan's son did not have any skills, while the bride's father was a dagger master; the Khan's son agreed to learn how to make daggers if the master's daughter was passed off as him; the master agreed and the Khan's son mastered the craft; later, on behalf of his father, he went to the city; on the way he was attacked by three, thrown into a hole; then two more were put in the pit, and a month later they were taken away; the khan's son was sent for firewood; he told the kidnappers he could make daggers; they agreed, gave him tools; the khan's son's daggers began to be sold in different cities; father-in-law saw them on bazaar, took one and saw the inscription on it: “I am the son of such a khan, imprisoned”; these words were so skillfully carved that only the master could make them out; the father-in-law reported this to the khan and daughter; the khan collected army, freed his son]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 55:250-251; tatami [the padishah has 30 wives, he fell in love with the shepherd's daughter, she agrees to marry him only if he learns a craft; padishah in 7 weeks learned to weave carpets, married a girl; one day, dressed as a dervish, he came to the same city with a bodyguard; they went to a tavern, fell into the basement; the man said that fat people were sent to kebabs at once, and thin ones are fattened; the padishah invites the robbers to weave the carpet: they will pay much more for it than for its meat; asks to take the carpet to such a shop; 30 wives of the padishah took lovers , and the shepherd's daughter went into the shop and recognized the carpet; she followed the warriors in the footsteps of the robbers, cut off their heads, freed her husband; the padishah stayed with the shepherd's daughter, ordered the rest of the wives to starve to death in dungeon]: Kukulla 1974, No. 33:250-256; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988 (2), No. 118 (Tbilisi) [the prince fell in love with the girl, she tells him to master the craft first; the prince learned to weave carpets, gave him a present the carpet to the bride; once he went into the dukhan while hunting, fell under the floor; the prince suggests not to kill him for meat, but to allow him to weave the carpet and sell it to the palace; the queen read among the leaves and flowers husband's message; orders to bring the weaver so that he can accurately determine the size of the next carpet; the king was brought, he changed his outfit, the attackers were hanged]: 227-232; Chikovani 1954, No. 72 (Kakheti) [prince for a long time I was looking for a bride, found a poor girl; she told him to learn the craft first; the king summoned the artisans; everyone had a long study, the burki master taught the prince in a day; the prince married; decided incognito to see the kingdom; went to see how meat is cooked, it was thrown into the cellar, the owners kill passers-by for meat; prince: I'll make a burka, sell it for a dearly price to the king's wife; between the flowers he drew an inscription where he to search; his wife sent an army; at her command (broke the cup), the robbers were strangled, the prisoners were released]: 345-346; Armenians [the king went out incognito, fell in love with a poor girl; she agreed to become his wife only if he mastered a craft; the king learned to weave carpets; one day he came out dressed as a beggar, fell into the hands of robbers, who sold it to a merchant; he wanted to give the carpet to the king; the king weaved he woven a secret message to his wife in the corner; his wife understood everything, the king was returned to the palace]: Harutyunyan 1986:138-140 (=Karapetyan 1967:183-183, =Nazinyan 2007:171-173; summary in Gullakyan 1990, No. 888A*: 40); Turks : Eberhard, Boratav 1953, № 208.V [a young man dreams of a girl and falls in love, she dreams of him and falls in love too; the young man falls into the hands of an ogre; says he will be more useful if he will work than if he just eats it; he weaves the carpet, weaving a message about what happened to him into the ornament; the carpet goes to his beloved and she frees him], 231 (Ankara, Kars) [changed clothes the padishah met a poor girl, fell in love; her father gives his daughter on the condition that the groom learns a craft; the padishah and the vizier learn to weave mats; go incognito into a gambling house, captured, them are going to be decapitated; they are weaving mats containing an encrypted message; thanks to this, what happened is being known; they are released, thanking the girl's father]: 245, 278; (unknown : Kurds: Wentzel 1978, No. 19 in Uther 2004 (1), No. 888A*: 513-514).

Iran — Central Asia. Persians Romaskevich 1934a, No. 10 (Jews of Isfahan) [the girl agreed to marry Shah Abbas only after he learned her craft — making knitted shoes; at night A. wandered around the city in dervish clothes, came to the robbers; promises to make him a profit if he does not kill him, but lets him do what he can do; weaved a message to the vizier on his ink; he understood everything, asked him to bring the master, and Let the owner also come and receive the reward; the robber saw A. on the throne, captured, the rest of the robbers were also captured and hanged; A. thanks his wife]: 67-70; Marzolph 1984, № *888B (Farce, Mazendaran, Khorasan, Azerbaijan) [the girl agreed to marry the king after he learned the craft; he falls into the hands of enemies; weaves a carpet for them (or does something else); seeing his work, his wife (vizier) learns about his situation and frees him]: 161; Tajiks [the padishah married the shepherd's daughter; she announced that she would marry a man who knew a craft and asked what the craft was knows the padishah; the padishah called the wazirs, who decided that the best craft was carpet weaving; the most skillful weaver taught the padishah; the padishah liked to walk around the streets of the city in disguise and watch the people live; disguised himself as a beggar, went into a tavern; the owner put him in a corner, went to get pilaf; the robbers sitting in the other corner jumped up to the padishah, threatened him with knives, dragged him to the back room; one of them said:” We will give this poor man to the torturers of the padishah instead of our friend”; the padishah asked not to do this, promised to weave carpets for which they will give a lot of money; the robbers locked him in a room, in five days he he woven a beautiful carpet; the robbers sold it for a lot of money, not noticing that there was a Padishah seal between the patterns in the corner of the carpet; five days later, the padishah woven a second carpet; it was brighter and more beautiful first; the padishah said: “Take this rug to the Padishah's palace. There is a famous craftsman in the palace who should appreciate this carpet dearly”; the robbers did so; the Padishah weaver (padishah's teacher) praised the carpet, the robbers received a lot of money, ordered the padishah to weave new carpets; the padishah's teacher, admiring the carpet, looked at the familiar drawing and guessed that it was the work of the padishah; when he found the Padishah seal in the pattern, he called the wazirs; they sent servants to look for carpet sellers and track down where they lived; the soldiers surrounded the house, freed the padishah; he ordered the robbers to be caught and imprisoned, ordered to give gifts to his teacher and hand them over shepherd's daughter, that she is not only beautiful but also smart]: Amonov, Ulug-zade 1957:352-354; Uzbeks [the poor man's daughter agrees to marry the king if he learns a craft; he has learned to weave carpets ; several merchants were missing; the king changed his clothes and went to look for them himself; went to the tavern, the floor failed, the robbers agreed not to kill him if he had a carpet; the carpet was sold to the palace; the wife found out the job husband, sent soldiers; robbers were executed, prisoners were released]: Afzalov et al. 1972 (1): 445-447 (=Konovalov, Stepanov 1986:294-296).

Volga — Perm. Kazan Tatars [8 entries; girl rejects grooms; padishah's son marries, the girl tells him to learn a craft first; the prince became a carpet weaver, the girl married him (he inherited the throne); when he went around the possessions, he was captured, he found himself with other prisoners who are tormented by work and killed; the head of the robbers is the ruler of the city; he suggests weaving a carpet — it will be more profitable to sell it to the padishah; at this time, the padishah's wife in his clothes does business; asks for new carpets; on each husband tells her about himself with hidden signs; the wife sends an army, frees her husband and other prisoners; tells each victim to deal with whoever tortured him]: Zamaletdinov 2009, No. 62:251-255 (Vardugin version 1996:225-228); Bashkirs [Tsar Gali has a daughter of Salim; tsar taller He tells him to hang him in rank; G. runs and became a shepherd; the prince fell in love with S.; G. refused: first learn a craft; he learned to weave little girls; when he found out how things happened, the tsar-father of the prince was delighted (his peace is princess) and was frightened (the path from king to shepherds is short)]: Barag 1990, No. 31:81-84.

Turkestan. Kazakhs [Khan Hasen's son Idris fell in love with his peasant daughter Duria; she will marry only someone who knows a craft; craftsmen have gathered; the fastest way, in half a month, is ready to teach Toktybay hatter; D. agrees to marry I.; teaches secret signs that can be used to embroider a message; dressed as a beggar I. went to travel and got to cannibals; under the guise of a beggar he went wander; ended up in a cannibal house; in prison, one prisoner cries (he will be eaten today), the other laughs (eaten tomorrow); prisoners say that cannibals will be the first to eat I., he is fatter; I. suggests sewing a hat, sell hanshe, cannibals will receive money; D. understood everything, sent nukers; two cannibals stabbed themselves, hanged two]: Sidelnikov 1964:116-119 (=1971 (3): 95-98, =Kanbal Shal 1985:201-203); Dungans [the poor girl refuses the emperor: let him learn a craft first; he became a weaver and weaved a marvelous carpet; got a wife; wanting to know how the people live, he went into a tavern; he was drunk and thrown into the basement to be slaughtered for manta meat; he convinced the owner that it was more profitable for him to allow him to weave the carpet and then sell the carpet to the emperor; when he saw the carpet, the Empress I understood everything; the emperor was released, the owners of the tavern were executed]: Riftin et al. 1977, No. 49:233-235.