Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M57C. The animal defecates with gold.


An animal (donkey, bull, horse, goat, bear, leopard) or inanimate object makes gold or food stand out, or a character makes others believe that this is the case.

Hussies, Mungaka, Mosi, Dagomba, Senufo, Kono, Gyula, Soninke, Kassonke, Fulbe, Wolof, Sudanese Arabs, Malgashi (Vezu, Merina), Algerian Arabs and Berbers, Tunisian Arabs and Berbers, Portuguese, Galicians, Spaniards, Basques, Sicilians, Italians (Ticino, Emilia Romagna, Tuscany, and probably all over Italy), Corsicans, Ladins, medieval Latin, French (Upper Brittany, Dauphinay, Lorraine) Walloons, Flemish, Bretons, Irish, British, Germans (Grimms, Tyrol), Aramaians, Iraks, Saudians, Harsousi, Mehri, Tibetans (Amdo), Lepcha, Angami, Lushey, (Kirati), Viets, Shans, Punjabi, Nepalis, Northern India (Hindi), Assamese, Bengalis, Santals, Agaria (Khutia Chokh), Baiga, Oraons, Muria, Kannada, Malayals, Tamils, Singals, Bali, Toraja, Ancient China (Qin Kingdom), Chinese, Greeks, Albanians, Serbs, Romanians, Moldovans, Bulgarians, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Moscow, Kaluga, Ryazan, Voronezh, Tambov), Ukrainians (Eastern Slovakia, Transcarpathia, Ugric Russia, Galicia) , Hutsulshchina, Ivano-Frankovshchina, Podolia, Yekaterinoslavskaya, Kiev, Poltava), Belarusians, Poles, Kashubians, Kalmyks, Adygs, Abkhazians, Abazins, Karachays, Balkarians, Terek Cossacks, Avars, Dargins, Megrelians, Georgians, Armenians, Turks, Persians, Tajiks, Mountain Tajiks, Rushans, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Yagnobes, Penjikent, Sarykol, Pashtuns, Kafirs (Kati), Norwegians, Swedes, Lithuanians, Latvians, Lutsi, Estonians, Karelians , Mari, Chuvash, Tatars, Bashkirs, Udmurts, Kazakhs, Uighurs, Salars, Teleuts, Buryats, Dagurs, Oirats, Mongols (Ordos), Ilimpic Evenks, Vilyuys (?) Yakuts, Udege people, Japanese.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Gusii: Vinogradov 1984, No. G12 [the tree asks the orphan Nyabendo not cut it, gives a sieve that produces flour; the elder takes it away; the tree gives a ram from which coins fall - the same; a stick, she hits the headman, he has to return everything], G16 [The bad man worked for a European, he paid, gave a horse, told her to swallow the money so that it would not be stolen; when he saw the money in the manure, the older two the brothers bought a horse; convinced of the deception, they carried the Bad Man in the basket to drown, left; the bad man persuaded the European to get into the basket instead of him; the brothers drowned him; the bad man brought his herd, told the brothers what he had got at the bottom; the brothers told the Bad Man to drown them]: 316-318, 322-324.

West Africa. Kono [(Orphan becomes chief)]: Holas 1975:283-289; mosi [the liar is dead, the chief asks his son if he will become a worthy heir to his father; the young man replies that his father has left him a horse, who defecates with gold; let the horse swallow a piece of gold, this piece was found in horse manure; the chief bought the horse for herds of cattle, left it in the stall; when nothing was found in the manure, demanded The young man to himself; he tied a bubble of chicken blood to his mother's throat, told the chief to answer rude; she replied, her son cut her with a knife, blood gushed, the mother fell, the son cut off the horse's tail, waved at his mother, she got up; the chief exchanged his tail for cattle; one day his mistress answered him rude, he stabbed her, tried to revive her unsuccessfully; ordered the young man to be sewn into the stomach of a bull, throw it into the river; he entrusted it to the boys; they left the bag, chased the lame animal; a man walked by, carrying a bag of gold; the young man said that the chief told him to be thrown into gold mine, the man offered to change with him; his they threw him into the river, and the liar came on horseback in better clothes and gold; the chief asked him to be sewn into a wineskin, thrown into the river; the liar did it; said in the village that the leader was happy and ordered him to be made chief]: Sissao 2010, No. 27:71-74; mungaka [returning from town, the tailor hid coins in the horse's ears; 40 robbers; the tailor whipped a horse, she ran, coins fell down; the robbers believe that money falls every time a horse runs; they buy it for a lot of money; the tailor teaches that everyone should ride a horse for a week and not tell others what happened to them; only when everyone rides, then it is possible; in the end, the robbers realized that they had been deceived and went to the tailor; after agreeing with his wife, he hid behind the house; the wife sent the dog to tell her husband that he had guests; the tailor waited and came in; the robbers believed that the dog had told him everything herself; the robbers bought it for a lot of money; again everyone should use it for a week and not tell others anything; now the robbers put the tailor in a bag and carried him to drown; fell asleep with the bag on the ground; another thief came up, stealing a pig and a piece of cloth; a tailor from a bag: I don't want to marry a princess; the thief climbed into a bag in his place; the tailor told the robbers that they threw it to where his dead father was, who gave him cloth and a pig; he would give it to the robbers, but not before they were all at the bottom; robbers drowned]: Meyer 1942, No. 3:144-149; Dagomba [one person claims that honesty leads to success and the other that deception; went on a journey; at first they were honest, they did not get anything; came to the village where the beloved leader died; the deceiver promised to resurrect him; placed black and white birds in one calebas, and a throat in the other; an unclear noise can be heard from the calebas; all this under the wing on the grave; the deceiver said he revived the recently deceased leader, as well as his predecessor, and they can only be revived together; people agreed that it was better not to do this, richly rewarded the deceiver; the deceiver with they came to another village as a friend; they said that their donkey was littering cowrie with shells; in the morning, the owner found a kauri at the place where the donkey was; bought a donkey, giving him another, as well as a cow and 40 thousand kauri; until When the deceived man came to him, the deceiver agreed with his wife; they played a quarrel, the deceiver stabbed his wife, but ripped open the cow's stomach hidden under the cape in advance; then "revived" the wife in pieces bark collected in the forest; the deceived man collected bark and forgave the donkey story; killed his wife, tried in vain to revive him; he himself was killed]: Cardinall 1931:131-135; senufo [the liar Fangnignafo has a liar's son, and the grandson says that he is not deceiving anyone; he fed the horse several gold coins, shows the chief how they fall from under his tail; he pays with cattle, women and gold, gets a horse; realizing that they have been deceived, the chief summoned F. grandson; he tied his mother's stomach filled with blood under his handkerchief around her neck in advance; arranged for her to come to scold him, and pretended to cut her throat; then wet a buffalo tail in a calebass filled with water, sprinkled the mother and she "came to life"; the chief took a tail and stabbed his eldest wife, but she did not come to life; the chief ordered F.-grandson to be drowned, putting him in a buffalo bag; the servants left bag by the river, let's go eat fruit; when the fulbe shepherd comes up, F. the grandson starts screaming that he does not want to become king; the shepherd changes places with him; he tells the chief that he has received a herd at the bottom of the river, and The leader's late grandfather and grandmother send him a honey dish (which F.-grandson asked his grandmother to cook); the chief tells him to throw him in a sack into the river, drowned; F.-grandson took his place]: Diep, Bamba 2007, No. 48 : 162-168; Gyula [Sologon is pregnant; Karamogo's son from the womb asks when to be born; S. replies that the speaker in the womb should know himself; after birth he asks when to start walk, etc., receives the same answers; sells to the evil king a horse who supposedly defecates with gold; the king orders K. to catch and drown; he tells the guard that, while in a bag, he is talking to ancestors; the guard agrees to take his place; K. drowns him, brings gold to the king as a gift from his ancestors; the tsar orders him to drown, K. takes his place]: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:158-160; soninka [ when he dies, a man named Fraudster leaves his son Gaara Koutaana ("liar") a horse and gold, teaches that a lie will always overcome the truth; GK feeds pieces of horse gold, pulls them back out of the manure; the king commands to sell a horse, the GK pretends not to want to, gets a hundredth of everything the king has; tells him to lock the horse for a month, feed it through the window; but a month later there is only manure in the stable; when he is summoned to the king , negotiates with his grandmother, hangs a bag of blood under her clothes, kills her in front of the king's eyes; says that he has a magic broom and a calebass of water, touches an imaginary corpse with a wet broom, and the grandmother comes to life; the king buys a calebass broom for two-thirds of the kingdom, kills his eldest son, his mother, his beloved wife, cannot revive; sends servants to drown the GK; he is carried in a bag, he shouts that a boar, a wild cow, is running past , the servants do not react; that a beast is running with gold in his ears; it is true, the servants are running after the beast; GK shouts that he does not want to be king; the Fulbe passing by changes places with him; GK on horseback Fulbe catches up the beast, takes the gold; the servants drown the fulbe; the GK appears to the king in a luxurious outfit, sends greetings from the king's late father, who tells his son to visit him; his mother, son, killed by the king, also live well there, wife; king orders to light a fire in the pit, throw it there; GK becomes king]: Dantioko 1978:109-119; cassonka [Samba's young son remains after the thief's death; assured his mother that he would not give in to his skill father; brought a chicken to the king, which supposedly defecates with gold, the king gave her a hundred slaves; arranged with his mother to pretend to be dead when he hit her in the presence of the king; tied her to her stomach a bubble of ox's blood; her mother began to interrupt S., who seemed to stab her; moistening her ox's tail and hitting it, as if revived it; the king bought a tail for 200 slaves; stabbed his mistress, but could not revive it; ordered to plant S. in his wineskin, sent his slaves to throw him into the river; the slaves left his wineskin until the evening; when he heard the marabou approach, S. shouted that he did not want to go to heaven; the marabu untied the bag, climbed into it himself; the marabu was drowned, and S. took his gold, brought it to the king, said that it was a gift from his deceased parents; the king and his entourage ordered them to be drowned, S. became king]: Monteil 1905:65-73; fulbe [the child is called Hammadi Vrun ; his mother tells him that his father was a rogue; he says that his horse defecates with gold, puts a gold ring in the manure, the emir buys it; when they come for HV, accusing him of deception, he hangs him in advance, a bag of blood around his mother's neck, pierces it; then pretends to revive his mother with the same knife; the emir buys a knife, kills his wife, son and mother in vain; HM is carried in a bag to drown, left for a while; he shouts that he does not want to be a ruler; the griot, who has arrived on horseback, agrees to get into the bag instead of him, is drowned; HV comes to the emir, praises the afterlife; the world tells him to drown himself, the courtiers with him; HV becomes a new emir]: Vinogradov 1984, No. 4:271-277; wolof [the deceiver's son promises his father that he will deserve him; after his father dies, he gets on a horse, goes to sell it to the king; put three down the drain gold beads; when he saw gold in horse manure, the king gave half of his estate for the horse; when he was convinced of the deception, he was going to behead the deceiver; he says that this will not be of any use, because he there is a reviving brush (touffe); tied a blood bubble around his wife's neck in advance, pretended to stab her, and then waved his brush and his wife came to life; the king gave the other half of his possessions for a brush ; cut off his wife's head, couldn't revive her; lost everything, the deceiver became king]: Copans, Couty 1988, No. 48:126-128.

Sudan - East Africa. Sudanese Arabs [the guy puts coins under the donkey's tail, goes with him, coins fall, the merchant buys a donkey; he leaves only manure; the merchant goes to the boy; he takes a deer, tells his mother to bring it food when he lets go of the deer; the merchant comes in, the guy offers lunch, lets the deer go, the mother brings food in a minute; the merchant buys a deer; sends his wife to cook breakfast; a deer runs away into the desert; the merchant sees his wife sleeping, kills; the boy tells his mother to say that he is dead, to bury him, leaving a hole; the merchant looks into him, the guy cuts off his nose with scissors; the merchant carries the boy drown in a bag, stops, falls asleep; the guy tells the shepherd that he is sitting in a bag because he refuses to marry his cousin; the shepherd changes places with him, the guy brings a herd of goats; the merchant and other residents threw their sons into the river to bring goats from the bottom]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 55:192-194; Malgashi: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010 [the poor man begins to cut down a tree; it says it hurts, gives a basket that dances and is filled with food; it is worn out, the master weaver has replaced it; the poor man again threatens to cut down a tree, he gives a sheep that dances and defecates with money; a neighbor changed; the tree gives a stick, it hits the offenders, they return the basket and the sheep]: 452-456; Dahl 1968, No. 1 [poor Halála is going to cut down the tree in which the spirit lives; he gives him a pot that serves food ; X.'s wife gives it to the chief, who replaces him; the tree gives the bull burping coins; the same; a baton that hits herself; she kills the leader and all his people]: 22-28; Haring 1982, No. 4.563 [tree tells the poor man not to cut it, but to go to the north, where there is an unfinished basket in the clearing, bring it home, tell him to dance; the basket contains boiled rice and broth; the wife carries it to the carpenter to finish weaving, but tells her not to dance; he breaks the ban, replaces the basket; the man goes back to the King of Trees; he tells her to go south, let the ram dance there; the ram produces gold; the wife for a while takes the ram to the chief, asks him not to dance; he tells him and, seeing gold, replaces the ram; the third time the tree tells him to go east and pick up a club; when a man tells her to dance, she beats him ; he brings it to his wife, a stick hits his wife; brings it to the carpenter, then to the chief, who are forced to return the stolen goods]: 414-415; 2007, No. 64 (gelding) [Kotofetsy and Mahaka put coins under the turkey's wings, tell the rich to a person, if you ask for it, gold falls out of the turkey; they pretend not to want to sell; he pays a lot of money; the next morning the last coin falls out of his wings, and then nothing]: 127-128;.

North Africa. The Arabs of Algeria [Si'Djeha rode a mule, which his father left him when he died; four robbers; said that S. could fall off the mule and crash, offered a cole in return and even C . will pay one hundred silver coins to save lives; at home, the mother said that they would soon go around the world this way; then S. put gold coins under the donkey's tail; when he met the robbers, thanked them for the successful deal ; they believed that the donkey was defecating with gold; returned the mule and gave 200 coins; S. advised to lay carpets under the donkey; each of the robbers was ashamed to admit to others that they had been deceived; when the donkey spoiled rooms for all four; S. cooked chicken with couscous, buried the cauldron on the ground floor; when four came, asked his wife's hoe for hospitality, dug, took out food; sold the hoe as a robber for a hundred coins; again all four were deceived; now S. told his wife to cook dinner, left one hare for her, and took the other with him to the field; when four came there, he sent a hare to give his wife a request cook dinner; the robbers came - lunch is ready, and there is a hare next to the woman; S. sold it for a hundred coins; the deceived came again; S. pretended to stab his wife, blood was flowing; allegedly his wife did not give him water; touched it again with a knife, she came to life; the robbers bought a knife for a hundred coins; each killed his wife and was convicted]: Bushnaq 1987:260-264; Tunisian Arabs [Juha put a few pieces in the donkey's ass gold, went to sell; when he saw gold falling out of the donkey, three bought it; D. ordered the donkey to be kept in a room with carpets on the floor and fed it with green barley; the buyers gave the key to the room to the seller spices and told me to give it away only when all three of them came to him together; when the door was opened, the first two immediately went out, saying that the room was gold; last: D. deceived us; D.: fools themselves, what believed]: Stumme 1893:134-135; the Berbers of southern Tunisia [Juha has a donkey; people want to buy it; D. takes the donkey to the bazaar with coins under his tail; bought a donkey for 10,000 francs; D. teaches that it is necessary leave it in the room for the night, not in the barn; in the morning, the buyer sees that the whole room is dirty, but there is no gold; he came to D.; he says that he did not order to put the donkey on the bed and hide it from neighbors, God punished for not wanting to share; the judge said the buyer was punished for being stupid; he took the donkey home and beat him to death]: Stimme 1900, No. 24:70.

Southern Europe. Portuguese: Shustova 1994 [poor brother tells his wife to fry a partridge; takes a rabbit with him to hunt; in the presence of a rich brother, he sends a rabbit to tell his wife to cook the partridge; the rich buys a rabbit (another) for a lot of money; the poor puts coins in the feed; the rich believes that the donkey defecates with money, buys a donkey; the poor advises to slaughter the pig and leave the meat in in the yard, shouting in the morning that the pig was stolen, then you won't have to share; steals himself, laughs at his brother]: 269-271; Cardigos 2006, No. 563 [poor woman (poor woman, three brothers) gets three wonderful items: a table (napkin, tablecloth, stick) that creates food at will; a donkey or sheep that defecates with gold; a baton or bag of batons that hits kidnappers; a guitar that forces dance; the first two items were stolen by the inn owner (neighbor, etc.); with the help of a baton (guitar, something else), items were returned]: 141; Spaniards (all of Spain, Galicia) [senior the brother is hired as an employee, receives a donkey who defecates with gold; the owner of the tavern has replaced him; the middle one receives a magic table - the same; the younger one gets a baton, the owner is forced to do everything return; at home, brothers and father want to see the baton, she also beat them]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 563:559-562; the Basques [the older brother has been working for a year, pays a donkey that defecates with gold; the owner of the inn replaced him; the same with his middle brother, who received a magic table; the third received a baton; the owner uttered words that his younger brother did not tell him to say, the baton began to hit everyone; he had to return his donkey and table]: Barandiaran 1962a, No. 107:9-12; Italians {the plot is also known in Molise, Abruzzo and Calabria; does it include this episode, not It is known, but given its widespread use in Europe and the Mediterranean, rather yes}: Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 563:144-134; Italians: Calvino 1980, No. 82 (Tuscany: Lukesia) [=Kotrelev 1991: 90-93; Campriano puts gold coins under the donkey's tail; Chichorans believe that the donkey defecates with gold, buy it; indignant; K. says that his hoat donkey tail gold coins; cichorane they believe that the donkey defecates with gold, they buy it; they are indignant; K. Rmint, he is accustomed not to grass, but to rough food; promises to pick it up when he goes home; tells his wife to put a pot of boiling beans in the closet, as if the pan is cooking by itself; h. They buy a pan; K. puts a bubble of bovine blood under his clothes; when indignant h comes, accuses his wife of selling the wrong pan, stabs her with a knife, she falls into a pool of blood; blows through a cane into his wife's mouth, she "comes to life"; they buy a cane, kill their wives, go to prison]: 298-301; Keller 1981 (Ticino) [the mother's son was so annoyed that she wanted the devil took him; he took the guy to hell, ordered him to wear out a pair of iron shoes, burn straw under the cauldron; the boy's grandmother said that the hell was happy with his work and would reward him with a donkey; ordered him to choose black, from Gold is pouring from under his tail; when he came out of hell, he spent the night in an inn, paying with that gold; the owner changed the donkey; the guy returned to hell, he was given a job again, and a magic tablecloth as a reward (you should choose cotton instead of linen); the hostess changed the tablecloth in the inn; the boy's mother is furious both times; the guy goes back to hell; the grandmother tells me to choose the biggest club; she hits the owner and mistress of the inn, they return everything; the mother says that the devil helps her]: 229-232; Pitré in Cosquin 1887 [1) Romagna; the bean has grown to heaven, the man climbed to collect pods; God gave a magic donkey, a magic table, a frying pan {poêle - there are other meanings of the word} that hits the right person; 2) Tuscany, Pitré, no. 29; the boy planted a bean, he grew to the sky; St. Peter consistently gives him a magic table, a donkey that litters gold, a baton]: 172-173; Sicilians: Gonzenbach 2004a [1870], No. 23 [poor mason meets a fairy, consistently receives from she has a cane that serves any food, a donkey that defecates with gold, a stick that hits on orders; the first two items were replaced by the owner of the tavern; using a stick, the mason forced everything to return ; told the king he had sent an army; the mason met a man with a shooting hat; the stick defeated the hat, he took both items, they defeated the royal army], 41 [Sciauranciovi ("smelling of anchovies" ) put coins under the donkey's tail, sold it for a lot of money; at home he poured hot coals into a hole under the floor, put a pot of soup in this place; the signor, who bought the donkey, came, S. explained to him that he had settled deteriorated due to a change of place of residence; sold the pot, which he cooks himself; told his wife, when the signor came to swear, send a rabbit for him, as if he understood the order; also sold the rabbit; signor ordered that S. be put in a bag, thrown into the sea; the servants left the bag and went to church; S. began to shout that he did not want to marry the princess; the shepherd changed with him; the shepherd was drowned, S. brought sheep, said that from the bottom; the signor ordered him to be thrown into the sea, drowned]: 157-178, 269-273; Corsicans: Massignon 1984, No. 28 [the poor widow's son went on a journey, met an old woman, who gave an old lamp, who makes wishes come true; the young man stayed with the cannibal's three daughters; while he was sleeping, they changed the lamp; the old woman gave a chicken from which gold was poured - the same; then a bag of batons; to the cannibal's daughters I had to return everything; the young man tells the lamp to create a better palace than the royal one, invites the king and his entourage, serves any food; then releases batons; says that this is the place for the king for evil caused to people] 31 [mother and son were going to squeeze the barley, but it turned out that the wind had destroyed him; the young man came to the mother of the winds; her sons came; the guilty wind was unpacking a bag from which any food could be obtained; the son ordered The mother did not tell anyone, but she chatted, the king took the bag; then the wind gave a bag of batons; they beat the young man's mother; he said what kind of chatter it was], 50 [the eldest son worked for a carpenter, got a magic table; the middle one from the groom, got a donkey that litters gold, the youngest in the shop, received a bag with batons popping out; the owner of the inn changed the table, the donkey; when batons attacked him, returned everything]: 62-65, 69-70, 123-125; Ortoli 1883, No. 23 [the poor man saw a chestnut tree to the sky, climbed to the gates of paradise; St. Peter did not let him in, but gave him a magic tablecloth; it was replaced at the inn; then St. Peter gave a donkey littering with gold; and he was replaced; then St. Peter gave a baton; she beat the inn owner and he returned everything]: 171-178; ladins [three poor brothers went to look for work; the youngest went one way, the elders went to the other, agreed meet a year later at the oak tree, on which everyone carved a cross; the youngest was hired by an old woman; a year later she gave him a bean; the young man got angry, was going to cut the bean in half; he asked not to do it, promised give what you wanted; the young man asked for a magic tablecloth; he came with her to his brothers, gave her drink, fed her; then asked for a donkey who defecates with gold; the brothers were jealous, they also threatened the bean cut it; but he kept silent, gave nothing; all three returned home rich]: Uffer 1973, No. 2:7-8 (=Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 18:67-68).

Western Europe. Medieval Latin (11th century, possibly 10th century) [The poor man had only one ox, which was dead, the man sold his skin; on the way back he found a treasure, asked the rich man in the village for bread to buy money; he was suspected of stealing and arrested; he said that he received a lot of money for the skin of an ox; then the usual motives about a mare defecating with chervonets and a Sunday flute; the deceived put the deceiver in a barrel and carried him to the sea; on the way went into the pub; a shepherd and the herd approached; a rogue in a sack screams, "I don't want to be superior"; an ambitious shepherd took his place, etc. as usual]: Cosquin 1886:227 (translated to Sumtsov 2015:135); French (Haute-Brittany) [this same text is retold in Cosquin 1887:172 and Sébillot 1894, No. 19:181-182, which is not about an old man but a lark; the poor old man has only one bean; the old man asks him grow to heaven; he grows at night, rose to heaven two days later; the old man climbed it to the gates of paradise, asked St. Peter; he gave a donkey that defecates with coins; the old man talked about it in the tavern, the donkey was replaced; the same was a magic tablecloth; for the third time St. Peter gave a baton; she beat the old man and his wife, but he guessed to tell her to stop; in the tavern he let her on the innkeeper, who had to return the stolen goods]: Sebillot 1881 in Lopyreva 1959, No. 13:34-38; French: Cosquin 1886 (Lorraine), No. 4 [the poor man meets God, he gives him a magic tablecloth, she was replaced at the inn; then God gave a donkey who wastes money; the same; a baton; she beats the thieves, they returned the tablecloth and the donkey], 20 [the girl does not want to go to school, runs away from home, grabbing a talking crow; in one house she peeks through the door crack, sees the mistress with her lover; when The husband returns, the girl offers him to buy her prophetic bird; the raven croaks, the girl explains that he says where food, wine and lover are hidden; the husband gives a lot of money for the crow, loads it on the donkey, whom she also gives to the girl; she sold the donkey for a lot of money, saying that he is wasting money; comes to her stepmother, asks the measure to measure money; when she returns the measure, the stepmother finds the louidors stuck; then Other episodes, including a character in a bag who shouts he doesn't want to be a bishop]: 50-52, 229-230; 1887, No. 56 (Lorraine) [the old man planted beans, one bean has grown to the sky; the old man climbed and came to heaven; asked God not to work, he gave him a magic tablecloth ("disposable"); the next time he gave it a larger size, enough food for a longer period; the third time God gave a donkey, who wastes gold, on condition not to tell anyone; she told her belle-soere (apparently brother's sister); her husband changed the donkey; then God gave a baton that hits itself; the donkey had to be returned]: 168 -171; Joistem 1991, No. 52 (Dauphin) [motif at the beginning of the text for a different story; the poor girl only has a hut and a donkey; St. The virgin turns donkey manure into gold, gives three dresses: the colors of the blue sky, the color of the sun and the color of the stars; the donkey dies; the girl wraps herself in his skin; for the holiday, all the girls prepare cakes for the king; prepared by Donkey Skin, the king finds a ring; during mass he tells all the girls to try it on; the latter is OSH, she enters the church in a sunny dress, the ring fits only her, the king is wearing her marries]: 309; Sébillot 1894, No. 20 [the northeast wind cut off the man's entire apple blossom; the man threatened him and thought it helped when the wind subsided a little; showed him his ass, but the wind knocked down a man; made a fire to burn the wind, but the farm burned down, only the closet and bed remained; the man went to look for the wind; on the mountain there are 7 huts and a castle in which the winds live; a man compartmentalized an ear to the northeast wind; he gave him a donkey who weeds gold, a samoburan tablecloth, a magic wand, speedboat boots; when he died, the man left a donkey to his sons a tablecloth and a wand, and told his boots take him to paradise]: 182-183; walloons: Laporte 1932, no.*563A [the woodcutter swings an ax, but the tree asks not to cut it; for this he gives a hand mill that gives out any food; who enters the house the beggar replaced her; the tree gives a cat defecating with gold; the same; gives a rod; the thief had to return everything], *1535C [poor Rougecul took out grass that had grown to paradise; St. Peter gave him a whistle that revives the dead; the king sends his men to buy a whistle; R. hides it in the hay, ties his wife a blood bubble himself, pretends to kill and revive; the king cut half of his troops; R. came back to St. Peter, he gave him a donkey that defecates in gold and silver; his stepmother brought him to R. and the king tells him to drown; the messengers left the bag for a while, R. tricked the shepherd to switch places, shepherd drowned, R. brought the herd; the king drowned with all his men]: 64, 113-114; walloons [{the first two pages in pdf are missing}; the wizard gave the poor man a donkey who wastes money; man stayed at the inn and the donkey was replaced there; then the magician gave a magic tablecloth; the same; the magician gives a horned goat: let him go with her to that inn and tell her to "do his duty"; the goat began to butt the owners and they had to return everything]: Carnoy 1883:308-315; the Flemish [the man planted a bean, he grew to the sky; when he climbed there, the man received from St. Peter is a goat who wastes money; a goat was replaced in the inn; next time, a magic tablecloth (the same); then a bag containing batons that attack people; a goat and a tablecloth had to be returned]: Cosquin 1887:172; Bretons: Lopyreva 1959, No. 20 [on the advice of a neighbor, the tailor's lazy wife is trying to prove to her husband that she works; her linen is allegedly scattered by the wind; the tailor goes to To the wind, the mother of the Wind persuades her son not to eat a guest; he gives a donkey that defecates with silver and gold coins; the tailor talks about this in the tavern, the donkey is replaced; now the Wind gives a napkin- magic (same); baton (beaten inn owner returns the stolen goods)]: 65-71; Sébillot 1910, No. 25 [a strong wind destroyed the sown hemp; the man went to sort it out; only weak at home the wind; then a strong one came; gave a goat that was littering with gold; on the way home, the innkeeper replaced her; then the wind gave a baton that hits itself; the owner had to return the goat]: 105-107; Irish: Danaher 1967, No. 6 [a small merchant Carrol brings farmers' oil to the market, returns their money; he was warned that there were robbers on the road; he hid the money in a bag full of oats; the horse ate them; in the house where he spent the night, K. spent the night in the stable, removing coins from the manure; the owner noticed and bought the horse for an expensive price; at home, expecting the deceived owner to appear, K. agreed with his wife in the last moment to put out the fire under the cauldron, pretending to be cooking himself; that man bought a pot; K. made an agreement with his wife, tied a bubble of goose blood to his wife under his clothes, pretended to be angry, stabbed, wife fell as if dead; the guest was afraid that he would be accused of murder; ran away and never showed up]: 23-28; Jackson 1936 [man gets a magic tablecloth, donkey, club; they are stolen and returned]: 288; the British [father is harsh with Jack; marries him only if he has money; D. met an old woman, she gave him a donkey; when he screamed, coins fell out of his mouth; The donkey was replaced when D. brought him home - no coins; his father beat him; D. hired a carpenter who gave him a magic table; he was replaced at the inn; his father beat him again; his father beat him again; the man asked for help to throw the trunk across the river; gave a branch from this tree, he beats whoever you ordered; the owners of the inn had to return everything; D. promised to marry the richest to a girl, but when they brought their money, he put a baton on it and married the one he loved before]: Jacobs 1890, No. 39:206-210; Germans [the tailor's eldest son herds a goat; she replies that He ate enough, and his father was hungry; the father beat and drove her son away; the same with the middle son, with the youngest son; the tailor herds the goat himself; then he shaved her, beat her with a whip, she ran away; the tailor was left alone, and his eldest son received a magic table for his work as a carpenter; the hotelier replaced him; the middle one received a donkey from a miller who spits and defecates gold; the same; the youngest studied from the turner and got a club; she hits the owner of the hotel, he gave her donkey and the table; the goat took the fox hole and did not let the fox go there; the bear could not drive her out, and the bee kicked her out]: Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 36:124- 132 (=Grimm, Grimm 1987:110-118); Germans (Tyrol, Meran) [after bringing what he earned, the husband tells his wife that this is for Fürpass (in reserve, for the future); a beggar comes; wife: I will not give anything, everything for Fü rpass; beggar: that's how I am; she gave him everything; husband came back, scolds her; decided to sell a cow; at the market, a man offers to exchange it for a donkey who wastes money; witches in a donkey's inn changed; the man goes again to the one who gave him a donkey, he gives him a chicken that lays golden eggs; the same; a magic table is the same; a hammer named Kolotun; in the inn a man tells him to beat witches, they returned everything; his wife does not believe it, he put a hammer on her; they have lived well since then]: Zingerle, Zingerle 1980:157-163.

Western Asia. Aramei [The fox fell into a trap, cut off his tail, was named Tailless; his wife drove him away; a man came out of the spring, gave him a magic bowl; the wife called the king to a feast, he took the bowl; the same the man gave a donkey, from under whose hooves gold coins are falling; the tailless became rich; the wife rode a donkey to the bathhouse, the bathhouse attendant replaced the donkey; the man gave a bag with two giants; the wife does not let him in again into the house, Hostless orders the giants to tie her up; tells the king to be thrown into prison, takes the bowl; tie the bathhouse attendant and pick up the donkey; the man from the source asks for the return of magic items so that Tailless them no longer lost; agrees to leave him a bag with giants; (hereinafter new adventures)]: Belov, Wilsker 1960:176-180; the Arabs of Iraq [the peasant sent his son to sell the buffalo, and 40 Egyptian the crooks said it was a goat, they paid accordingly; the peasant trained the cat as if it were obeying orders; in front of the crooks, he told her to bring a stick, then bring her clothes, the cat was all performs; the crooks bought the cat for a lot, it ran away from them; they came to the peasant to demand money back, and he put the money down the horse's tail; the crooks believed that the horse was defecating in gold, bought it ; when they discovered the deception, they came to the peasant; he tied his wife's blood-filled guts around his neck, agreed on what to do; pretended to be dissatisfied with the food, stabbed his wife with a knife, and blood gushed , the wife fell; he put a cane in her ass, blew, the wife "came to life"; the crooks bought a cane, killed their wives, they did not come to life; they sewed the peasant into a bag, left; he shouted that he did not want to marry uncle's daughters; the shepherd agrees to change places with him, is thrown into the well; the peasant comes with the herd, says he got it from the well; the crooks asked them to be thrown there; the peasant to his son: all wealth got for a buffalo]: Weissbach 1908, No. 19:120-126 (translated to Lebedev 1990, No. 49:234-237); Saudia [Juha ibn Ali spread a rumor that his donkey was defecating with gold, put coins in the feed; donkey bought by the chief moneylender; to make up for the loss, demanded that the poor man's borrower pay half a kilo of meat; the judge found the moneylender right; the poor man shared his grief with D.; D. judge: if more is cut meat, it must be returned to its place or cut the same amount from the lender; the moneylender paid D., and he gave the money to the poor man]: Lebedev 1990, No. 48:230-233; harsushi [fox, wolf, leopard, hyena, the vulture and the raven went hunting; the vulture flew away, the fox and the raven found nothing, the hyena found a basket of dates, the wolf stole the kid, the leopard killed the camel; they gathered around the fire to cook meat; the hyena went to bed, told her to wake her up when everything was ready; the fox ate both the dates and the meat intended for the hyena, shoved her bones and bones into her ass; in the morning she told the hyena that she had already eaten everything herself, told her relieve the need, bones and bones were under the hyena; the fox asked the hyena to carry it to the acacia and then carry it; jumped and screamed that the hyena was tired; hyena: it is the fox tired; but others rushed to the hyena and ate it; the fox offered to jump off the cliff - this is what their fathers did when they were circumcised; the fox and leopard jumped safely, and the wolf broke his leg and was eaten; the fox offers to jump off a high cliff, jumps; the leopard crashed; invites the fox to start eating it; the fox: will eat it when the leopard dies; after eating the leopard, the fox told the donkey that it is dying of thirst; she allowed get inside through her ass - she has water in her stomach; the fox drank water, ate the donkey's insides, she died; the fox wanted dew to fall, then she would fill one wadi with blood and the other with milk; dew fell out, the donkey's ass softened, the fox got out; tells the woman and daughter that they are called to be circumcised, and she is ready to guard their herd; the fox milked the goats, filling the wadi with milk; stabbed them, filling them another wadi with blood; arranged the carcasses as if the goats were grazing; the woman and the girl returned without finding anyone; the girl saw goats slaughtered, shouted to her mother to hold the fox; the woman does not hear well; the fox: she shouts that robbers are coming, let the woman give her the necklace, she will bury it and hide it; the daughter screams again; the fox: she tells you to give yourself to me; the woman is furious, the fox runs away, taking away jewelry; hangs them on a dry tree, relieves himself by throwing sand at the excrement; tells the caravan that the tree makes jewelry; he gives his herd for the tree; warns that if he can cope near I need a tree, it will not give ornaments; the caravan waits three days, catches up with the fox; they come back, the fox tears off its excrement, says that it is the caravan who could not resist; the fox brings his camels there where there are many others; she is told that her camels may be trampled by local camels and horses; but the fox refuses to take her own away; her camels have died, she received a large ransom for them]: Stroomer 2004, No. 2:5-17; mehri: Stroomer 1999, No. 3 [a man went into the cave to drink water, it rained, the stone fell, blocking the exit; when a man promised to fill one wadi with blood and the other with milk, the stone rolled back; he came to a woman who was eating goats; said that they gave him necklaces for free, let her leave him her jewelry, he would guard them, and he would run for new ones; the man milked the goats, poured milk into the wadi, stabbed them and poured it out blood; left only one goat; hung the necklace on a tree, relieved the need under it; told the caravans that every week the tree produces jewelry; but you can't relieve yourself nearby; the caravans gave him camels and luggage, waited; accused the man of deception; he showed him the crap sprinkled; the caravans accused each other, stabbed each other]: 7-11; Müller 1909, No. 28 [the poor man went into the house, asked for food, he was given a goat that defecates with coins; the next day his wife took her to the well, the Sultan's son replaced her; the poor man came back to that house and received a bowl, filled with food; the wife took it to the master to decorate it, let it slip, the master replaced her; now the poor man received a baton; she beat the Sultan's son and the master, who returned the stolen goods]: 62-67.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Tibetans (Amdo) [the girl does not give rice to the crow when she asks, but gives it when the crow asks for a loan; the same applies to tubers and tea leaves; for this, the mother drives her daughter out of the house; the girl asks for a crow return what was borrowed; she gives a hand mill that grinds tsampa and flour; the prince meets the girl, feeds, replaces the mill; the mother again drives her daughter away; the same with the donkey whose mouth comes out gold coins and anything you ask for; the third time a crow gives a gold baton; she hits the prince, he has to return everything]: Kajihama 2004, No. 26:107-112; angami [attacked Gakripu on the road bear, he began to fight him, the money fell apart; G. shouted to the passerby that the coins would be collected, the money had crumbled; G. They fell out of the bear's ass while someone was fighting him; G. leaves the passerby to fight with as a bear, takes his clothes, rides on his horse, picking up money; by the river, mother and daughter are looking for someone to transport them; G. carries her daughter, takes her away, leaving her mother; both deceived people find G. at the Raja, complain; at night, G. puts crap in the woman's and that rider's pockets; when both bowed to the Raja, the crap fell to the floor; the Raja drove them away]: Pawsey 1922, No. 2:398-400; best [the man went to get paid to his married sister; the debtor gave him a bamboo rice mixer: if you prevent the water in the pot, the pot is full of rice; on the way, the man spent the night with the old woman, she changed the stirrer; the same with the goat, which litters with amber and cornelian beads; the third time the person received a flexible stick and a hammer; the stick wrapped around the old woman, the hammer beat her to death]: Shakespear 1912:100-101; lepcha [one of He puts the other brothers in an empty coffin, tells the orphan that he is his brother and must give him silver; leads to an imaginary grave, from there a voice supposedly a father is heard; an orphan gives silver; the king of liars Hongrugm offers to divide him, takes him away; tells his wife to say he is dead; brothers come, each leans over the coffin, H. cuts off both noses; ties goat intestines with blood to his wife's neck; brothers come, he "cuts" his wife, revives him with ash; brothers take ash from him, slaughter their wives, they do not resurrect; H. puts a pony on the carpet, sprinkles money under his tail; brothers believe that the pony defecates in coins, they borrow a pony, only stain the carpet; H. agrees that the brothers throw it off the cliff in the box; the brothers leave, H. tells the passing merchant what he is doing gold coins in the chest; the merchant climbs into the chest, the brothers throw it off, H. takes the merchant's wealth; says he found them at the bottom of the abyss; the brothers agree to be thrown off, they die]: Stocks 1925, No. XXX: 438-441; (cf. kirati (? eastern Nepal) [three crows brought orange each to the three sisters, the girls ate them, two gave birth to a son, the youngest a mouse; the sons grew up, went to royal service; two years later they asked permission to return home; the eldest sons asked for a horse as a reward, the mouse for a mule; the mouse son fed him gold, which he slowly pulled out of the royal treasury; the mule hit the house, the gold fell asleep; the mother asked her sister for a sieve, a piece of gold stuck to him; the mouse son said that he sold the ash from his burnt house profitably; the older brothers burned down their houses, they did not buy anything from them; then the mouse son said he came to pay homage to the snake living in the lake, and he gave gold; the older brothers jumped into the lake and drowned]: Heunemann 1980, No. 22:155-159); Bhutan [the boy does not have buckwheat for sowing; everyone gave him a handful, but the sparrows pecked the seeds sown; the boy found a nest of sparrows and was going to burn it; the sparrow persuaded him to take pity, gave him a wooden cup in which any food he wanted; the woman at the head of a large household replaced her; now the sparrow has given a kid; if you wash it and pet it, money falls off him; the woman changed it again; the sparrow gave a baton; she drove a woman until she gave it all back]: Choden 1994:137-139.

Burma - Indochina. Vieta [the deceiver offers the woman to bring her on horseback, received a coin and rode away; took a gold bar as collateral, says that as soon as his horse is lit, a bar falls out of it; exchanged the horse for a girl, and the horse then also fell off the leash and came back; but in the end he was beaten and imprisoned]: Nikulin 1970:95-98; shana [the trickster wants to sell 5 daggers at once, and the cunning man wants to sell the whole salt right away; no one bought it, they bought it from each other; it turned out that 4 daggers are made of wood, most of the bags contain not salt, but sand; they decide to cheat together; they secretly buried gold, the rich man believes that his makes their spade, buys them and gives them horses in return; they come to another rich man's house and pretend that horses are littering gold; a rich man buys one; crooks have three rubies for two, there is no way to separate them, the trickster fled, taking all three; the cunning man found him; nat made of wood divided rubies: one for each and one for his labors]: Zapadova 1977:313-318.

South Asia. Punjabi [the son of an intelligent wife is Ulphoo, the stupid son is Shurphoo; the stupid woman always does the opposite of what she is asked to do; when she dies, the clever asks to send W. to work and S. to school, the stupid one does the opposite ; after studying, W. began to collect taxes; S. decides to take his place; a series of episodes follows: S. is beaten and humiliated; W. follows in his footsteps and punishes offenders; S. is hired by a moguls with the condition: who gets angry, the other will tear out his eye; S. is unable to complete the assigned work, loses his eye, returns home; W. goes to the robbers who deceived S.; sold a donkey for a lot of money, who, allegedly defecating with gold (W. put coins in manure); bought two birds with one stone, gave one to his wife; robbers came, W. let the hare go, allegedly ordering his wife to cook food; another hare is at home and the food is ready; while eating, he pretends to be dissatisfied with his wife, hits her, then "revives" her with a stick; robbers buy a hare and a stick; the chief robber sent a hare to his wife; the food is not ready, he killed his wife with a stick; W. hired the same mogul who cut off S.'s nose; he is mocking his errands: instead of a hare, he cooks and serves his wife's favorite dog to the moguls, feeds him frogs, burns a plow and yoke, etc.; continues to mock the owner, who went for his new wife after the first death; Mogul is indignant, W. pulled out his eye]: Swinnerton 1892, No. 37:92-128; Nepali [wife scolds lazy, that goes to earn money; tells the shoemaker to repair his shoes, leads to the shopkeeper - he supposedly owes him a rupee will give him back; the shoemaker is untouchable, cannot enter the shop; the lazy man buys sweets, says to the shopkeeper, that the shoemaker who owes him will give the rupee; the shopkeeper to the shoemaker: a rupee? he nods; the lazy man takes away the sweets, the shoemaker and the shopkeeper begin to argue; the lazy man lays out sweets, the children of the laundresses ask their parents to buy them too, the lazy man says that sweets are distributed free of charge at the temple; everything they run away, the lazy man takes the clothes washed by his laundresses; hangs it on a tree, waters it, the merchant buys a tree that brings clothes; a lazy man buys a bear, ties it to a tree, puts a bear in the ass and wakes up gold coins on the ground, sells a gold-littering bear to a merchant; lives richly in the city; when he meets the king, he calls himself Paju ("maternal uncle"); all the deceived came to the city, recognized the deceiver, but were amazed to learn what the king calls him "uncle"; did not dare to approach the charges; the lazy man fled the city, brought his wife money]: Sakya, Griffith 1980:171-175; northern India Hindi: Crooke 1892-1893, No. 574 (Mirzapur) [six princes are married; the youngest seventh says he marries one of Indra's fairies; goes in search; in the untouchable village (Chamar) sees a girl who is under the rain remains dry; realizes that she is a fairy; the king thinks that the son has really found the heavenly maiden; he is outraged to learn that the bride is from the village of untouchables; the wife demands that her ring be taken from the fakir across the seven seas; he sleeps for six months, covered with grass; the young man gently shakes the ground off him; the fakir did not kill him, but gave him a ring; warned him not to give it to his wife immediately upon his return; the young man did not give it back, but his wife took it quietly the ring, when the young man was sleeping, flew to heaven; the young man returned to the fakir; he teaches him to go to the river where the fairies bathe, pick up their clothes and come to him; the fairies will come and agree to return what belongs to the young man; he I must guess three times; the first time let him grab the eldest, the second time the youngest, don't let go; the fairies will shout, "He forgot!" ; grab the leper for the third time; the young man brought his wife back; she lets the flute call her; if Indra finds out about their marriage, kills both; the prince comes to a group of people, calls his wife, asks for a fairy dance, that he does it; those people change their stick that hits whoever you want; the prince tells the stick to beat those people, takes the flute back; the same with the pot he cooks himself; with the goat that litters gold; the prince returned to his brothers; one day he left the flute at home, and his older daughter-in-law found the flute; the fairy appeared, took the flute and flew away; fakir: a laundress brings a cart of fairy clothes to wash in this world; on this cart you can get to the fairies; the laundress agreed to take the prince; wife: we will dance to the drum; I must say that the drummer is no good and start playing on his own; Indra will like it, he will allow the marriage; the prince lived well with his wife], 699 [Shekh Chilli hired a potter; he was told to look after the child; the SC forced him to tell me where the money was hidden, mixed it with flour and asked him to let him go home, giving half-blind donkey; donkey ate flour along with coins; at home, SC demonstrated how coins fall out of it, sold the donkey for a lot of money]: 153-155, 190; W.H.D.R. 1896 [the youngest son sees peri bathing, hides them in their clothes, returns them when they promise to fulfill his wishes; gets three more wives]: 409; Assamese []: Goswami 1960:102-103; Bengalis [god of evil fate Sani (Saturn) and goddess good fate Lakshmi argue which of them is taller, more important; they decide to ask a rich man named Sribatsa ("Sri's son", i.e. Lakshmi's son, "son of fortune"); he puts Sani on a silver chair, L. on a gold chair; Sleigh furiously promises to pursue S., L. to help him; S. and his wife Chintamani leave home, sewing all the money into a mattress; by the river, the carrier undertakes to transport the mattress first, it sinks, the river immediately But he disappears; in another village, people who swam kidnapped C.; C. finds a cow that defecates with gold; C. asks L. to make it ugly; the same kidnappers take the gold of S. and himself; spouses they get to know each other but keep it a secret; S. is thrown overboard; he finds himself in the garden of an old woman bringing flowers to the palace; immediately all the trees in the garden bloom; the old woman brings him to the king, he is appointed chief of customs; he stops the kidnapers' ship, returns gold and wife (she is beautiful again); the king sends them home with gifts; L. won]: Day 1914, No. 6:108-116); Santals [y The king's eldest wife has 6 sons, the youngest has a mongoose son; the father gives his sons money to trade; Mongoose does not buy horses, but a donkey, but profitably; the brothers burn his house; he fills the bag with ash, carries him to sell, He sleeps under a tree, tells the merchants who come up not to take his bag of gold; merchants replace the bag with their own, Mongoose brings his mother, rice and money there; brothers burn their houses and cannot sell ash; Mongoose's mother is killed; he leaves the corpse by the road, merchants run over him, believe that they have run over a woman, give buffaloes, Mongoose tells the brothers that he bought them by selling the corpse; they kill their wives, they cannot sell corpses; Mongoose feeds the donkey rupees, collects them from its manure; brothers hit their horses in the ass with hammers, they die; brothers put Mongoose in a palanquin to drown in the Ganges; he tells a passerby that They want to marry him; a passerby takes his place, drowned; seeing Mongoose alive, the brothers ask him to drown them; Mongoose reigns]: Bodding 1929, No. 80:145-173; Agaria (Khuntia Chokh) [wife scattered rice to dry; the husband fell asleep, the sparrows pecked the rice; the next day the husband smeared glue, the sparrows stuck, he killed them; one said that he was the king of sparrows - let the man come to him tomorrow; the man received a cow that litters gold; spent the night in the house of a married daughter, who changed a cow; the king of sparrows gave a pot, always full of rice and lentils - the same; the king gave a rope and a stick; the daughter was tied and beaten returned the stolen goods]: Elwin 1944, No. 6:124-126; baiga [mother went to reap rice in the Raja field, telling her son to cook curry; he filled the pot with crap; the mother began to beat her son; press rice the next day the son went; squeezed a lot, told the owner that his sickle was reaping himself; he bought a sickle, the guy took the money and ran into the forest; the bear grabbed him, the money fell on the ground; at that time a merchant was driving; the guy said that the bear is wasting money; agreed that the bear also pour money to the merchant, let him pick up the sleeping ones; the bear attacked the merchant, and the guy rode off on the merchant's horse, taking the money; at the wedding, Gondov invited the bride to sit on a horse and rode off with her; when they came to pick her up, the guy said that in these places, those who got dirty at night were put in prison for six years; at night he smeared everyone who came a mixture of ramtilla with small tomatoes; in the morning, the guests and the groom ran away in horror, the guy got the bride]: Elwin 1939, No. 13:509-510; Oraons [two liars come to a blind old woman; call themselves her grandson's uncles; they say they will take him to their home to meet his aunt; when he went with them, the grandson put on his gold and silver jewelry; the deceivers let him carry a heavy basket, They told me not to open it - there were snakes in it; he opened it, there was food, he ate it; said that the snakes crawled out and disappeared into the anthill; the deceivers sent him to sell his gold bracelets to the oil squeezer; the young man speaks that he wants to sell him two slaves; the cracker wants to know if men agree to be sold; the young man shouts to them, "Both? they think it's bracelets, they shout yes; the young man gets the money and the men are turned into slaves; the young man met a bear and fights with him; when he sees the rider, he threw several gold coins on the ground and put one bear in the ass; said that when you were fighting a bear, gold was pouring out of it; the rider got off his horse, grabbed the bear; the young man rode off his horse; sat on the shore, began to eat the sweets he had bought; told the laundresses that they were given in the village and that his name was Yesterday; they ran to the village, leaving their underwear; he took their clothes and rode away; the laundresses shouted that the clothes were gone yesterday; by the other river an old woman and niece; the young man offers to help transport the girl first, says that his name is Son-in-law; put her on a horse, crossed her, galloped off; the old woman shouts that his niece was taken away by her son-in-law, they laugh at her]: Hahn 1906, No. 11:20- 22; muria [the moneylender came for the money; only a boy at home; replies that the father went to cover the thorns with thorns, the mother went to do a little more, the sister to receive two out of one; when the boy explained what it meant (enclosing prickly eggplants with prickly branches, scratching cotton, peeling peas), the moneylender forgave the debt and gave 20 rupees; the returning parents decided to kill their son because he did not give them back money; pushed into the river; fish swallowed him, but died because the fish was poisoned with poison; the tiger came to drink, hears the boy's voice from the fish: I brush my teeth with a palm tree panicle, eat tiger tails; he tells the tiger to rip open the fish's belly and bring him a deer's leg - then he will spare him; the boy brought a leg to the old woman, gave her a bone to feed his husband; she thought it was meat; grandfather choked and died; the boy threatened to carry it to the police, the old woman gave him a pot of rupees; he put the deceased on the edge of a well in the field; the owner thought that the thief hit him with a stick, the body fell into the well; boy: killed my grandfather; the owner paid off in silver; the boy grabbed the bear by the hind legs, put the coin down the tail, scattered the others side by side; agreed to give the bear to a Muslim, but for now, having collected the money, he will take them home on a Muslim horse; he stole a horse; stole Raja's clothes from a laundress; stole a girl from an old woman; volunteered to eat a goat and a pot of rice, having dug a hole in advance, where he threw everything; got a bride; locked himself in the house with two girls; all offended by him came, they thought there was an evil spirit in the house; he let them sleep on the condition that they would not go out of need; at night he smeared their clothes with feces; in the morning everyone ran away; the guy gathered people and became a raja]: Elwin 1944, No. VIII.12: 262-266 (translated into Zograf 1971, No. 74:271-275); kannada [the thief's clothes were wet, he took them off and fell asleep on the veranda; the owner asked if he was cold; he replied that his ram was eating all the cold around; the owner bought a ram, left it overnight with his old mother, who cared for her; the thief ran away, came to the forest, a bear came to him; they began to fight; the bear relieved the need, and silver coins fell out of the thief's clothes ; he told the warrior who came up that it was a pet bear that wasted money; the warrior bought a bear and gave the horse; the thief rode away, and the bear scratched the warrior and ran away; the thief stayed at the king's house for the night prostitutes, at night replaced horse manure with money; the prostitute bought a horse for a lot of money, and the thief pretended to part with the horse only because he was afraid of the king; expecting that the deceived if they come to him, the thief told his wife to dress like Lakshmi, go down from the second floor to those who came and pour money with him; the thief summons Lakshmi, turning to a heavy grain grater; those who came agree not to complain to the king, if the thief gave them a grain grater; they got it, fought over it and killed each other; and the thief lived well with his wife]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 64:175-180; Malayali [the clever merchant was returning from the market to his village; a leopard attacked him; the merchant grabbed the leopard by the tail and started running around it; during this, many coins fell out of the merchant's purse; a man walking along the way asked why does the merchant run around the leopard; the merchant replied that it is a magic leopard that defecates in gold and silver when it is pulled by the tail; invited a passerby to try it and said he would take something what he had already earned himself; the man agreed and grabbed the leopard by the tail; the merchant collected the coins that had woken up and was like this; hence the saying: "Grab the leopard by the tail" (about a man who got into a difficult situation and can't get out of it)]: Jacob 1977, No. 14:42-43; Tamils [mother to son: if you get some good flour from the owners, I'll bake delicious cakes; mother baked one for her son a big cake and one small one and went to work; and he sat all day thinking out loud whether to eat a small one or a big one first; his mother came back and drove him away; in the forest he kept thinking; two heavenly the maidens thought they had a monster in front of them who thought to eat; they gave them an inexhaustible purse: you could ask for rice for 10 rupees, and they were always in their purse; only hetera had so much rice, and she had it buy it; hetera followed, looked into the purse, but it was empty; sent her lover to steal it; the boy decided that the purse was only for a few days and returned to the forest, repeating the same words; heavenly the maidens gave a goat that litters with gold; hetera noticed again and her lover stole the goat; the heavenly maidens gave wire and a hoe; tied the wire to the hetera, and the hoe began to beat; she returned everything; the young man came to another kingdom, went to an old woman; she tells me not to go out anymore; at three o'clock an elephant comes, kills and devours people; the Raja promises a daughter and half a kingdom to whoever kills an elephant; you must show the tip of your ear and tail; the young man went to the pond, where the elephant came, told him to tie it with a wire and beat him; brought the old woman a piece of ear and tail, saying that he had killed the elephant; the laundress found the carcass, also cut off a piece of ear and part of the tail and brought Raja; the wedding was being prepared; the young man was not allowed in, he screamed; it turned out that the laundress had not brought exactly what was needed; the young man showed genuine trophies, and the laundress was burned in a lime kiln; the princess married a young man, but refuses to sleep with him: she saw him collecting garbage in the garbage dump; the young man decided to visit his mother and his wife went with him; in one kingdom someone steals flowers from the Raja, that promises a daughter and half a kingdom; two heavenly maidens steal flowers for the gods; one got entangled in the bushes and tore her clothes; the young man persuaded the Raja to let them go; came to his mother, giving her both cakes; and added: here big and small are my two wives, and he himself is a raja of two kingdoms]: Blackburn 2005, No. 55; Sinhalese [the poor man asks the rich man for help, he gives bread, advises to sell; no one buys; in the forest under with a tree, the poor man says out loud that it is better for him to eat everything; the devatava (= yaksha) in the tree thinks that this is about him, asks not to eat him, gives him a magic dish; the rich man finds out, replaces him; the same goes back to the owner has a ring, a cow with gold in its manure; then the yaksha gives a baton, she beats the rich man, he returns everything]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 172:386-388.

Malaysia-Indonesia. Bali [a rich widow promises to give the poor woman rice if she removes lice from her hair; one louse remains, the rich one takes the rice that the poor woman has already set to cook; the rich chases the poor, the poor feeds him, he gives him a horse with gold in his droppings; a rich woman stole a horse, but only manure underneath it; he kicked her and killed her]: Hoikas van Leeuwen Bomkamp 1983, No. 46:220-222; toraja [Pottala peasant is not can repay the debt to the leader; cooks his ear, takes out the fish, puts the ax; says he made soup with an ax; the chief accepts the ax to pay the debt; next time P. puts the dead ducks in the house in advance; when the leader came, pointed a wind gun towards the sea, told the duck, wounded in the eye, to lie in the south room, into the wing in the middle room, to the side by the hearth; the leader takes a wind gun to pay the debt; for the third time P. he stuffed coins into the dog's ass, in the presence of the leader they fall on the mat; the chief agrees to take the dog; no longer believes, tied P. to a tree to burn; tells the hunchback that he is tied to heal his back - now it has become straight; the hunchback changes places with P., burned; P. comes to the leader, talks about his meeting with his ancestors; he tells him to be burned]: Teselkin 1959:9-13.

China - Korea. Ancient China (Qin Kingdom; Shu wan ben ji, Basic Annals of the kings of Shu) [the ruler of Qin gave Kaiming, ruler of Shu (western Sichuan), a gold box; in response, he sent some an ornament, but when King Qin took it in his hands, it fell apart, turning into earth; the king was angry, but the advisers interpreted it as a good sign: Qin will have the lands of Shu; returning to himself, King Qin ordered five stone statues of bulls to be made and a piece of gold attached to each one's tail; when told Kaiming, he failed to send him these "heavenly bulls"; to deliver the statues across the mountains, a road had to be paved; seeing that the bulls did not defecate in gold, K. sent them back, and his messengers called Qin's people shepherds; they replied that caring for the herd will be rewarded - the kingdom of Shu; (thanks to the road built, King Qin was able to send an army across the mountains and seize Shu)]: Sage 1992:108-109; Chinese (Emperor Guangxu's time, 1871- 1908) [A stupid peasant has a cunning son-in-law; when his father-in-law came to visit, the son-in-law, agreeing with his wife, brought pre-cooked meat in the pot, pretending that raw meat was instant cooked; father-in-law bought a pot for a lot of money; next time the father-in-law saw his son-in-law litter silver; (he put coins under the tail of the ox in advance); father-in-law bought an ox; the son-in-law bought sheep and said that got them from the sea dragon; my father-in-law wanted them for himself; they swam - one in the tub, the other in the barrel; you have to knock and ask for the sheep; my son-in-law told me to hit harder, the tub split, the father-in-law drowned]: Eberhard 1941, No. 121:209-211.

The Balkans. Greeks: Dawkins 1916:519-521 [Nasreddin Khoja sent a son with a mule to the bazaar; two crooks told the boy that if you cut off a mule's ear, it could be sold at a much higher price; then another, the tail; no one bought a mule; NH put gold coins under the donkey's tail; the crooks believed that the donkey was littering gold and bought it for a lot of money; then NH got two birds with one stone, left one at home, and told his wife cook dinner and took the other with him; when he met the crooks, invited them to lunch and pretended to send a hare to his wife to tell her to cook; at home he tied his wife's gut with blood, and when crooks came, pretended to be angry, stabbed his wife, and then pretended to revive her by blowing through a straw; the crooks bought a straw; killed their wives, the judge sentenced them to death], 545-549 [parents gave the boy to school; teacher George presented a magic table; the tsar found out, took it away; G. gave a donkey, which he had littered with gold coins; the shepherd replaced him; G. gave a pumpkin, two blacks with batons came out of it; they beat the king and his wife, and then the shepherd, who returned the stolen goods; the boy grew up, put his finger in G.'s cauldron, then touched his head, his hair turned golden; she put a goat's stomach on his head; when he was swimming, the river turned golden; the king's daughter married this young man; another king attacked, the young man defeated him; the king gave his daughter a handkerchief to tie the hero to identify him; it turned out that he was the young man; wedding]; Hahn 1864, No. 42 (Epirus) [the priest brought oxen to the well; two beardless people praised them, adding that if their tail and one horn were cut off, they would become even more beautiful; next time, the second horn and ear; ear and lips; oxen died, the priest realized that he had been laughed at; brought a donkey to the well, putting gold coins under his tail; the beardless bought a donkey; the priest ordered him to be left in the dark for two weeks giving a bag of beans to the stable; the donkey's stomach swelled and he died; the priest arranged with his wife to tie her gut with blood; he would pretend to be angry, stab her, and then play the pipe and she will "come to life"; the beardless believed, bought a pipe, killed their wives; put the priest in a chest, dragged him to drown, went to eat; a shepherd came up, the priest screams that he did not want to marry the princess, the shepherd changed with him; the priest brought his flock, said it was from the bottom; the beardless asked them to drown; the priest healed peacefully with his wife]: 220-223; Paton 1900, No. 7 [young Spanós ("beardless") sells a hare to giants, supposedly on errands; wraps his wife in the intestines of an animal, plays the flute, the wife gets up, the giants believe she is alive, they buy a flute, kill their own wives, they are not come to life; they go to hang S., he rides a donkey, puts gold coins in his manure, the giants let S. go, take a donkey; leave S. in a bag, he mutters that he does not want to marry the princess, the shepherd changes from in some places, giants drown the shepherd; when they see him with sheep, they believe that he got them at the bottom of the river; they drown]: 117-119; Albanians: Serkova 1989 [daughter consistently gives her father a pumpkin that creates food, a donkey, dropping gold, the valek, hitting the offender, warns not to ask them in front of strangers; the old man's wife violates the ban; the godfather, the neighbor steals the pumpkin, the donkey; when the old woman turns to the roller, he beats her for violation of the ban, beats the kidnappers, they return everything]: 88-93; Pedersen 1898, No. 10 [three beardless people are waiting for travelers at three bridges; a peasant woman sells a draft ox; one beardless advises first cut off his tail, the other cut off his horns, and the third his ears; no one buys such a thing; a peasant slaughtered an ox; went with a donkey to the bridge; pretended to take a gold donkey; beardless wants to buy a donkey for 200 lire, but the farmer demands 500; the second is ready to give 300, the third gives 500; the beardless fed the donkey with barley (which supposedly makes money) and he is dead; they went to kill the peasant; he caught two birds with one stone in advance, agreed with his wife; promised to return the money to the beardless, but for now he invited him home for lunch, sending a hare to his wife with an errand; at home, the wife confirms everything, but now the hare is seasick a baby (he was tied to the cradle); the beardless bought a hare for 800 lire (500 for a donkey); the peasant again agreed with his wife, tied her gut with blood to her neck: when the beardless ones come, allegedly a quarrel; for a knife that revives the dead, the beardless give another 500 lire; killed their own wives; put the peasant in a bag to drown in the sea, left for a while, he shouts that he does not want to marry the Beauty of the Earth, the shepherd swapped places with him, drowned, the peasant took his herd; says to the beardless that he brought him from the seabed, and if he were drowned in a deeper place, there would be more sheep; beardless rushed into the sea and drowned, the peasant got everything]: 70-81; the Serbs [beardless ("chosso") met two merchant brothers; put ducats under the tail of a donkey; after the word "Chuksh", the donkey throws away ducats; the brothers bought a donkey for gold; in the morning they cannot enter the room where it was left; something glitters in it; they broke the door: the donkey died, blocking the door, and the horseshoes glittered on their hooves; the brothers came to sort it out a deceiver; he prepared two birds with one stone in advance and made an agreement with his wife; the brothers say they will kill Chosso; he replies that they did not feed their father correctly; releases a hare with orders for his wife to cook dinner and bring them; after a while the wife brings everything on a donkey; the brothers bought a donkey for gold; the hare ran away from them into the forest; chosso tied blood bubbles under his wife and children's clothes; when the brothers came, chosso pretended to be angry and stabbed; then he played the flute, the dead came to life; the brothers bought a flute, killed their wives; put the chosso in a bag and carried it to drown; left the bag, went in for a drink; the shepherd drives a herd of sheep; chosso shouts that he does not want to be the owner of the inn; the shepherd climbs into the bag instead of him; the shepherd was drowned; chosso brought the herd: if we left me not at the shore, but in the middle lakes, would have brought more sheep; brothers drowned, chosso brought sheep home]: Eschker 1992, No. 104:299-305; Romanians []: Bîrlea 1966:444-445; Moldovans: Botezatu 1981 [people healed the doe that had broken his leg; she brought him to the king of the forest, he gave him a magic tablecloth; it was replaced in the tavern; gave him a horse, whose mane and nostrils (in the original, most likely, gold is falling from the back}; the same; gave a baton; she hits the innkeeper and his wife, they return the stolen goods]: 349-351; Moldavian tales 1968 [the poor man ground the grain, the wind carried away the flour, the poor man went to shut the wind hole; to meet him unrecognized god and St. Peter, he does not recognize them, they gave a magic nut; he spent the night in the hut, the hostess changed the nut; then God gave a donkey that defecates with gold (the same); a crutch; he beats those who replaced the nut and donkey, they are theirs they return; the poor man became rich, the tsar sent an army, the poor man put a crutch on the tsar]: 169-171; Bulgarians: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 563 [orphan receives from God (old man, birds, snakes) wonderful gifts (a table, a tablecloth full of food if desired; a donkey that defecates with gold, or a chicken laying golden eggs; a baton that beats those ordered by the owner); a jeweler, a blacksmith, the tsar replace the first two items; punished with a baton, they are forced to return everything]: 210-211; Klyagin-Kondratyeva 1951 [the lark has a nest in a tree, the peasant is going to cut it down, the lark tells not to cut it down, gives a stick that makes wishes come true; the king invites the peasants to visit, who replaces the stick; next time the lark gives a donkey that spits out the chervonets; the blacksmith replaces him; the lark gives a hammer, he hits king, blacksmith, they return the stolen goods]: 68-72.

Central Europe. Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Sumy Posad, 1908, U.E. Bazarov's bourgeois) [Guests live in the house of the jester Gavrila and his wife. Gavrila buys a cup to make oatmeal, persuades his wife to swear at him in front of the guests and promises that he will not cook dinner. She performs, guests see how she interferes with water alone in the cup, her husband quietly puts oatmeal in her sleeve. Guests ask Gavrila how his wife makes dinner out of water. Gavrilo replies that it's about the cup, you can even make dinner from the ice-hole water. They buy a cup ("pour out silver"), try to cook dinner, interfere with water, but "nothing is born". They understand Gavrila's deception. Gavrila scatters silver all over the yard. Guests come, he asks for help collecting, he says it's a horse's bowel movements. They buy a horse for 300 rubles. He recommends that you tie a bag to the horse's tail and take it off after four days. Guests visit their wives and discover Gavrila's deception. They're going to see him again. Gavrila persuades his wife to scold him again in front of the guests and refuse to cook dinner, in response to her refusal, he stabs her and she falls (pretending to kill her). Then she whips his wife and she comes to life. Guests also want to teach their own people a lesson and buy a veiling whip. They return home, their wives scold them for drinking all their money, the guests kill their wives, but they can't revive them. The jester Gavrila feels dangerous and asks his wife to bury him alive in a sack in the grave. Guests come and ask them to see Gavrila's grave. They took out a bag, brought it to the river and went to the village for a shovel (there is nothing to "dig ice out of Jordan"). The jester Gavrila shouts that he is forcibly married to a lady, a merchant passing by changes places with him. The guests returned and threw the master in the sack into the hole. Gavrila is met on the road in a carriage drawn by three horses, Gavrila says that horses are given in the next world, guests also want to teach horses, go to the ice-hole and drown. The jester Gavrila returned to his wife, they still live]: Tseitlin 1911, No. 1:6-9; Russians (Karelian Pomorie, Sumy Posad) [the priest has a thin horse; Senka rode it, killed it; said she was missing, asked the priest to buy another money; drove him into the swamp, cut off his head, put it in the quagmire; called the priest to pull it out; the pop pulled, his head "came off", the pop fell, began to sink; then called the deacon, he looked : the head is cut off; they went to kill S. together; he lives with his sister, agreed with her; tied her gut with blood to her side; pretended to be angry with her and "killed" her; then clicked the whip, the sister "came to life" and "went to them a party with a priest and a deacon"; S. sold them a whip, they stabbed their wives; they came back to S.; he put the horses under the tail of various money in advance; the pop bought a mare; S.: only a week can't remove the bag from under the tail; A week later, there was manure there; S. pretended to be dead; the pop and the deacon decided to recover to his grave, he hit their ass with a hot rod; they put him in the kul, brought him to drown, went to make an ice-hole for a shovel; S.: I don't want to be a judge; the passing master agrees to change, drowned; S. took his top three, came: God let go and awarded him horses; the pop and the deacon drowned in an ice-hole]: Razumova, Senkina 1974, No. 46:232- 237; Russians (Karelia, Zaozerye) [Two brothers are smart, the third is stupid, but he did better than smart ones. He set up a trap, his mother got there, saw her in the morning, harnessed a thin horse and went with it. Towards 12 Dorokhov children. They shout to turn him out, but he didn't turn it out, one of them slapped his mother with an ax and she rolled. Vanya (son) was angry, but the children gave him 100 rubles and he went home and buried his mother. I was thinking about how else to cash in, got on a horse and drove off. Twelve Dorokhov children meet him and ask him what he is doing. He says he's looking for gold and money. They asked him why he looked for it in horse scum, and he told them he was feeding the horse hay and it was throwing copper away. The Dorokhov children bought this horse from him, but they did not succeed, so they came to Vanya and his wife. He had previously tied a bull blood bubble to his wife's neck and said that when the Dorokhov children came, he would stab her in this bubble and she should fall. She did it like she was dead, and he whipped his wife and she stood up. He sold this whip for 500 rubles to Dorokhov's children, but this whip did not resurrect anyone. Then Vanya went and met a man who went to work as a clerk instead of him and gave Vanya a horse, and the Dorokhov children confused the man with Vanya and threw the man into the lake. When the Dorokhov children returned and saw Vanya, they asked how he came here and where he got the horse from. He said it was where they threw him. Then the Dorokhov children drowned in the lake themselves, and Vanya became rich and smart]: Karnaukhova 2008, No. 16:81-83; Russians (Moscow, Zaraisky District; Khudyakov, No. 8) [two smart sons, Ivanushka is a fool; he was sent guard the peas; the sandpiper flew in, I. wanted to break his neck; he ordered him better to come to him, give him a magic tablecloth; horse shepherds send to cows, those to pork; sheep; goose; ducks; along the way Baba Yaga changed the tablecloth; next time the wader gave the horse when gold laughs, the same; the third time the forceps; they pinch Baba Yaga, she returned everything; now the brothers have stolen the tablecloth and the horse; I. and He put forceps on them - everything was returned]: Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 54:151-153; Russians (Ryazanskaya) [father and son lived, son was a fool; sends father to the city to buy urine film; father sowed peas; went, put the film; cranes got into the habit of flying on peas; the son caught one, wants to beat; the crane asks not to hit and gives the brand a tablecloth; the tablecloth was sewn on request and Everything appeared; the fool let the crane go; went to his aunt with a tablecloth for the night; tells me not to say: tablecloth, turn around; the aunt changed the tablecloth; the son comes a fool to his father, tells me not to call the merchants; the tablecloth is not unfolds: the fool caught the crane again, he gave a horse; if the horse is told to stomp with one foot, copper money will fall; the other will fall in silver, the third is gold, the fourth will be precious stones; a fool let go of the crane; went to his aunt, she changed the horse; the fool went back to the crane; he says that it was the aunt who was lying; gave the bag; the fool said: two from the bag, three from the bag, come out; good came out of the bag well done with whips; went to my aunt, tells her not to say these words; she goes to take a steam bath; my aunt said "two from the bag, three from the bag"; good fellows whip her, she returned the tablecloth and the horse; the fool comes home; tells the father to call merchants, gentlemen, rich men; the father called everyone; the fool shows a tablecloth, a horse and a bag; good fellows came out of the bag, began to whip the guests]: Khudyakov 1964, No. 9:76-77; Russians (Voronezh, Nizhnedevitsky district, p. Kuchugury, 1936) [Vanya the fool exchanges the ruble for a penny, throws it from hand to hand and falls into the excrement of his weak horse. The pop and the deacon see that Vanya is looking for something, he says that his horse is being emptied with money, they buy it for 300 rubles. The horse is the first to take the pop, in the morning he realizes that Vanya has deceived them, he can't find anything. The deacon does not believe, brings the horse to him, feeds him, but he also does not find money. Vanya slaughters a sheep and draws its blood into a bottle. She persuades his wife to pretend to be sick. When a pop and clerk come to him, he stabs his wife in the side, she quietly spills lamb blood. The pop and the deacon go home to treat their wives in the same way and kill them. The pop and the deacon put Vanya in a bag, want to drown him, but cannot cut the ice on the river, go for a "crack". A master passes by, Vanya says that whoever sits in the bag will become Zemstvo changes places with Vanya, he is thrown into the river, and Vanya leaves in three. He meets a priest and a deacon, says that when they drowned him, he said "Storms, storms, give me brown brown horses" and got them. The pop and the deacon ask Vanya to drown them. They manage to say "burke"]: Pukhova 2006, No. 3:78-80; Russians (Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kaluga, Ryazan, Tambov), Ukrainians (Eastern Slovakia, Transcarpathia, Ugric Russia, Galicia, Hutsulshchyna, Ivano-Frankivsk, Podolia, Yekaterinoslavskaya, Kiev, Poltava), Belarusians [Wonderful gifts: a person receives a magic tablecloth, a goat crumbling in gold ( a mill from which gold is poured), a wonderful baton; a thief replaces magic objects and an animal; a wonderful baton beats the kidnapper and forces him to return gifts to the owner]: SUS 1979, No. 563:160- 161; Belarusians [the woman sent her husband to the mill to grind the rye; the grandfather brought flour, put it on the rubble, the wind carried the flour away and scattered it; the grandfather went to look for the wind, saw the hut, took the corner and began to turn; the wind asked not to do this and gave an inexhaustible piece of bread; on the way home, the grandfather went to the godfather, she changed the bread; the grandfather returned to the wind, who gave a ram that was shaken off with gold and silver; the godfather again changed; now the wind gave a horn, I must say, There are a lot of things out of the horn; some jumped out of the horn, began to beat the godfather; she returned everything; then the pan stole bread and lamb - the same with him]: Romanov 1887, No. 52 : 277-279; Poles [many records all over Poland; a poor man (or two brothers) decides to go to God, or to hell, to St. Peter, to the wind that carried away the flour, to the frost; he gives a magic table; a donkey (chicken, ram) from which money is poured, etc., and finally a baton or object from which warriors jump out; two the first items are replaced by a kochmar (neighbor, etc.), but he has to give them away when the baton (warriors) start beating it]: Krzyżanowski 1962, No. 563:184-185; Kashubs [when they hear in the church what God will reward the property donated there, the shoemaker gave all the churches, began to starve with his family, went to look for God; the shepherd gave a lamb; if you say, "Lamb, shake off," ducats are falling off him; ordered not go in on the way to the godfather; the shoemaker came in, the godfather changed the lamb; the same with a magic tablecloth; the shepherd gave a baton; the shoemaker said, "Butt, move", two fellows began to beat him, he told them stop; let them go to their godfather, who had to return the stolen goods]: Lifshits-Artemyeva 2017:200-205 (=Wratislaw 1890, No. 16:101-106).

Caucasus - Asia Minor. The Kalmyks [the old man saved the magpie from the cat, went out; when she flew away, she left her pen, it would lead to her; when the old man and the old woman were very old and impoverished, the old man threw down his pen and followed him; the man he met ordered to ask the magpie for a foal to recover in gold; having received it, the old man took the foal as a gift to the khan, but the children replaced him; the old man goes back to forty, asks for a chest with an inexhaustible with food; the children replaced him again, the khan again ordered the old man to be beaten; the third time forty gave a mallet; she beat the boys first, then the khan, the old man took the foal and the chest]: Vatagin 1964:150-155; Adygs: Kerashev 1957 [an old man and an old woman caught a crane eating millet; he asks him not to beat, gives him a bowl that fills itself with food; the old man feeds the whole village, the guy changed the bowl; the crane gives a horse that defecates with gold and silk; the same guy replaced the horse; the crane gives skin that throws a person up and does not let go; the guy is forced to return everything; the skin punished those people from the other villages who scolded the old man when it turned out that the bowl he had brought and the horse brought were ordinary]: 265-268; Sokolov, Broydo 1936 [Khoje's son went to sell a goat; two brothers began to tell him that this is a goose and bought at the price of a goose; H. agreed with the family: when the brothers come, pretend that the horse is littering gold with a bay, throw coins into the manure; they buy a horse for a lot of money; H. agreed with domestic: catch two chanterelles, one will be taken by H. and hid in the hayloft, the other will be sent after him when the brothers come; H. will come, supposedly, it is one fox; the brothers bought a chanterelle; one sent it for the second the chanterelle ran away; H. tied a gut of blood to his wife's throat; in the presence of his brothers, he pretended to stab his wife, then revived him with the same knife; the brothers bought a knife, stabbed their wives; decided not to bother X. anymore]: 476-480; Abkhazians [the bird cut down the forest on the old man's site and did all the field work, but harvested it herself; the old man wants to slaughter it, she leads to him, gives a skinny horse, then a thin horse a bucket, then an alder stick; the man explains that the horse litters gold and silver, the bucket gives food, the stick will beat enemies; the old man called the prince to a feast, told everything, the prince ordered the wars to kill the old man, but he put a stick on them; the old man lives well]: Shakryl 1975, No. 40:208-212; Abaza [the chicken laid a golden egg, but disappeared the next day; the old man went to the fortune teller; she gave a horse instead of a chicken - if you laugh in front of him, he throws his food out of himself; on the way to the village, the horse was changed; the old man went again, the fortune teller gave a ram with gold falling from his mouth and nose (the same); for the third time she gave a baton, she beat the thieves and they returned the stolen goods]: Tugov 1985, No. 55:168-169; Balkarians and Karachays [Khozha's son went to the bazaar to sell a goat; two brothers agreed to claim that the boy had a goose and bought a goat at the price of a goose; Khozha invites deceivers to visit, shows a horse to which he threw coins into the manure, sells a horse for a lot of money; Khozha caught two foxes, tied one in the hayloft; the other they sent him to look for him when those two brothers brought the horse back; Khozha took the fox from the hayloft, pretended to be the one they sent for him; sold it for a price; the brothers left Khozha alone]: Aliyeva, Kholaev 1971:170-172; Balkarians (Western 1965) [someone is ruining a cornfield; old man Biybo guards, a bird with golden feathers arrives, B. grabbed it; she asks him to let go, gives the pen to call her; the wife beats the old man, demands a bird; he lets him go a feather comes to the bird in the wind, it gives a three-legged table on which any food appears; on the way, B. stops at people, the table is changed; next time a lamb defecating with gold (the same); the third time the bird gives a baton; the old man put a baton on the one who replaced the curiosities, he returned everything; the lamb brought gold and wheat at home, food appeared on the table; but the wife was still unhappy; the old man let him go a baton on her; after that, the wife began to wear the old man on her back]: Malkonduev 2017:422-425; Terek Cossacks [Demidka caught two crows in the snare, put one on the stove and told his wife not to let go; the other brought it to church and pressed it down a little; the crow croaked; explains to the priest that if he sends the crow to his wife now to tell her to cook a rich dinner (agreed with his wife D. in advance), she will do everything; let the pop will come and check; the pop came, sees a crow on the stove; bought it for a hundred rubles; sent him to cook dinner; the pop came to D. to accuse him of deception, but instead bought a self-propelled one from him the cart, not noticing that D. was lowering it down the hill; for the third time, D. threw silver money into the horse manure - the pop bought a nag; the pop and the clerk bought it for a thousand rubles; in the morning the horse died, hooked hunger with wheat; when the priest and the clerk came to D., he hid a bubble of bovine blood on his wife's chest and agreed with her that she would swear and he would pretend to stab her; and when he hit her with a whip, it would seem to come to life; said that a passerby from China to Jerusalem gave him two whips; the pop and the clerk bought them; both killed their wives; D. suggests drowning him in a bag (if you just strangle him, he will come to life); bag threw him into the river, but D. ripped it apart with a knife, swam out unnoticed, came home; says that the water man rewarded him with money; the pop and the clerk allowed themselves to be drowned, D. took their money and opened a shop]: Baranov 1899 , No. 6:231-244; Avars: Atayev 1972, No. 36 (Khunzakh people) [the mother sends her son to sell the bull, but not to deal with the beardless one; the beardless meets three times, the young man thinks that everyone in the village is like this agrees to sell; the beardless man loudly tells his wife that if the bull had a broken leg, he would give more money for it; the young man broke the bull's leg, the beardless man bought it for pennies; the young man found a thin donkey, He put silver under his tail; sold it to his beardless man for a lot of money, advising him to hang it from the ceiling by his throat; at home, he tells his mother to tie a blood bubble to her throat, tell those who come that there is no food in the house; Beardless comes with his men, the young man pretends to pierce her throat in feigned anger at his mother; he plays the zurna, she "came to life"; sold Zurna to the beardless; he killed his mother; the young man told his mother to spread rumors about his death, dug the grave, pointing his spear upwards; the beardless man began to tear the grave, fell, ran into a spear, died]: 55-57; Ganiyeva 2011b, No. 64 [the widow's son wants to shoot at a dove, who gives him a magic tablecloth; the widow invites the khan to visit, he buys a tablecloth; the dove gives him a donkey, from which coins fall; the young man stops for the night, the owner changed the donkey; the dove gives sticks, they beat the khan, the owner, they return the tablecloth and the donkey]: 546-550; Dargins [Vahig (forest demon) tells the man to give him his daughter; the father visits her, she advises her to ask for a broken tray; he feeds any food; talkhan takes him away; a person receives a donkey from Vahig, from which coins are poured; a Jew replaces him; receives a bag containing strongmen with batons; they force the kidnappers to do everything return]: Ganieva 2011b, No. 65:553-555; Lucky [father and daughter Raiganat knit sheaves, the snake asks to give her daughter, she agrees; the snake leads to his underground palace, the roads are guarded by fire-breathing ajdaha, but the serpent made them bow; gives them a magic tablecloth; it has been stolen; the serpent gives millstones, R. The snake stepped on its tail, the snake skin peeled off, a beautiful young man Musil Muhad appeared; he gives his father-in-law a magic tablecloth, envious people stole her; gives millstones that grind flour themselves (the same); donkey from which gold is poured (same); then gives sticks, they force the kidnappers to return everything]: Khalilov 1965, No. 68:207-211 (=Ganiyeva 2011b, No. 66:558-561); Megrelians [poor priest he hid several coins in the horseshoes that the boat was built with, sold it to the Jews for its weight in gold, ordered them to be locked in a wicker shed for three months; three months later there were only bones; when the Jews came to him, the priest filled the chicken goiter with blood, tied it to his wife's throat, pretended to stab her and revived her by playing chonguri; sold the chonguri to Jews; they stabbed their wives; put the priest in a basket so that drown and left for a while; another priest walks by; the first explains that he was put in a basket by Jews because he does not want to take money from them; the second changes places with him; Jews see how the first sells bulls at the bazaar; he says he got them at the bottom; Jews threw themselves into the water and drowned]: Lominadze 1894:30-32; Georgians: Jaliashvili 1970 [merchant makes a poor man's son sell a cow for 3 rubles, claiming that it is a calf, a goat, a lamb; the poor man sends to say that they sold a cow, not its tail, but the merchant cuts off its tail, returns it; the poor man throws coins on the ground, pretends to be his the donkey defecates with gold, the merchant buys a donkey; he resorts to beat the poor man; he digs up a pre-hidden pot of pilaf, kebab, chicken, the merchant buys a shovel; ties up the poor man, drags him to heat, goes for by boat; the poor man persuaded the shepherd to untie him, ran away; the merchant dragged the merchant to drown, who also ran away]: 93-96; Kurdovanidze 1988 (2), No. 137 [the younger brother separated from his elders and became impoverished; the wife tells her to obey ; walk with a donkey past the door of three merchants, throw a gold coin each time; merchants believe that a donkey litters gold, give enough gold to fill the donkey with its head; a man tells you to lock the donkey for 7 days, open on the eighth; the merchants do so, the donkey is starved; the man agrees with his wife to cook in advance, and he, when the merchants come, will send a hare to her with orders to cook; at home sells to merchants another hare he kept at home; after that, the man pretended to be dead, the merchants began to tear up the grave, he gouged out one eye with a ramrod, they carried the "corpse" to drown; they fell asleep on the way, the man told the shepherd that he was being forced to become king; the shepherd allowed himself to be bound, thrown into the water, the man drove the herd, said that from the bottom; the merchants threw themselves into the water and drowned]: 170-173; Chikovani 1954 , No. 26 [the wife went to the neighbors, everyone gave a handful of wheat, the husband sowed; when he came to reap, birds peck grain all over the field; the peasant curses them; the raven says that it was he who invited other birds to visit, asks him not to be embarrassed, promises to comply with any three requests; the peasant goes to look for him, to meet his grandmother Dev, he picked up her spindle, she indicated where to go; ordered him to take only a hand mill that gives any food; contrary to his wife's advice, the husband invited the king, who ordered the mill to be taken away; the next time the peasant received a donkey from which gold (and any other goods) was poured; the same thing; a baton; she beats the king, He had to return everything]: 145-148; Armenians (Turkish Armenia) [Yaro sends his son to sell a cow; three beardless people deceive that everyone says that it is not a cow, but a heifer, they buy it for pennies; I. He goes by himself, taking a donkey, putting gold under his tail, selling it to the combat-free for a lot of money; he buys two birds with one stone, negotiates with his wife, leaving her one and taking the other in the field; the beardless come running, I promise to return the money and feed the beardless in my house, let the hare go and tell my wife to cook dinner; the beardless buy a hare; I hang a blood bubble around my wife's neck; tell her to get the money she does not react; I pierce a bubble with a knife, pretending to stab his wife; pretends to throw herself at the beardless ones now; they run away in horror and do not return]: Khachatryants 1933:101-109; Turks [ Kelogan ("bald") carries firewood from the forest, leans against the tree, says Oh; an arap named Oh appears; K. tells him to take firewood home; the arap gives a casket, tells him not to say, "Open up, my casket"; at home K. says the casket opens, there are food in it; K. calls the padishah to visit, who tells the vizier to steal the casket; K. goes to that tree, receives a baton from the arap; she beats the padishah, he returns casket; arap gives K. a donkey, says he does not say, "Roar, my donkey"; K. says gold coins fell from under his tail; K. and his mother went to another country, built a palace there]: Stebleva 1986, No. 16:46-48.

Iran - Central Asia. Persians: Osmanov 1987:170-173 [], 464-468 []; Rosenfeld 1956 [the tailor tells the eldest son to herd the goat; in the evening she replies to the young man that she has eaten enough and his father that the young man tied it to bare stones; the tailor drives the son away; the same with the middle son, with the youngest sons; the tailor himself leads the goat to graze, in the evening she habitually replies that she is hungry, because he brought her to the salt marsh; the tailor shaves the goat , ties it to a pole, hits; she pulls out a pole, runs away; the eldest son is hired by a tinker, who gives him a magic pot; the owner of the caravanserai replaces him; the middle son worked for a miller, received a donkey from which gold is poured; the owner of the caravanserai replaces him; the youngest son worked for a turner, received a baton that hits himself; he does not sleep in the caravanserai, the baton hits the owner, he is forced to return the cauldron and the donkey; all the sons returned to their father; the goat hid in the fox hole, the fox was frightened, the bear came with her, scared too; the bee dug into the goat, it ran into the desert]: 23-33; Lorimer, Lorimer 1919, No. 29 (Kerman) [a bald man's son asks him to marry; the father promises to marry his uncle's daughter, sends him to sell a cow; at Isfahan Bazaar, 40 scanty-bearded men take turns convincing the young man that his the cow is a goat; the young man sells a cow for the price of a goat; this was enough to eat and buy a handkerchief for the bride; the father borrows 7 gold, brings the donkey to the beardless, quietly puts gold in his mouth, he lends them drops; the beardless believe that the donkey produces gold, buy it for a thousand mists, having been instructed to feed it with barley for 40 days; the donkey is eaten and dead; the bald man caught two foxes, left one to his wife, telling his wife 40 people cook dinner; meet the beardless with another; the fox lets go, telling his wife that guests will come - let him cook dinner; when they come to the bald man's house, the beardless see a fox and a ready-made dinner , they buy a fox for a hundred mists; they send it to their wives, the fox is gone; they wait three days - he probably does not know the way, then they go to the bald one; he ties his wife's stomach with blood under his clothes; he will Seeing as if angry that his wife brought an unripe melon, stabbed her, she would fall as if dead, and when he put a pipe in her mouth and his wife would stand up as if nothing had happened; the bald man sold the phone beardless; they killed their wives, they did not come to life; the beardless put the bald man in a bag, carried him to drown, left; hearing the shepherd chase the herd, the bald man begins to scream that he does not want to marry the king's daughter; the shepherd changes places with him, is drowned; the bald man brings sheep, says he was given a herd at the bottom; the beardless jump into the water and drown, the bald man marries his son]: 180-190; Tajiks: Amonov 1980 [grandmother The bald man hid her snare, the bald man began to catch sparrows, they ate them; once he caught a crow, he asked him to let him go, ordered him to go to him for a reward; on the way, shepherds herd crow's herds; advise ask for a donkey, from under whose tail gold coins fall; the padishah sent an old woman to Baleshivets's grandmother, who found out about the donkey, the padishah sent the thief to steal it; the same: a block from which they fly out when hit gold coins; magic dastarkhan; pumpkin with wasps; every bite kills a warrior, the padishah gives magic objects to the pleshivets and makes her daughter a commander]: 101-107; Ulug-zade 1967 [mother sends her son to named Kambar to sell yarn and buy bread; he buys a dog, a cat, a snake; K. leaves, the snake brings him to his father, tells him to ask for a pot that cooks himself, a magic tablecloth, a donkey spitting with gold, a stick that hits itself; in the inn, the owner changed everything except the stick; K. let it on the owner, who returned everything; K. returned home]: 142-148; mountain Tajiks: Amonov 1961 ( Howaling) [Kusa sent his son to sell the cow; the mullahs paid for it with a mulberry skullcap; K. went to sell the donkey with three gold coins in his mouth; the mullahs bought a donkey but found no gold; K. caught two hares, left one to his wife, took the other with him and went to plow; mullahs come up, he sends a hare to his wife with an order to cook pilaf; mullahs cook a feast, send a hare with orders to convene guests; no one came; K. tied the skin of a rooster with blood around his wife's neck; when the mullahs came, hit his wife, she pretended to be dead; then K. resurrects his wife with a stick; the mullahs bought a stick, went to resurrect the dead, them beaten]: 437-442 (=1972:284-289); Semenov 1903, No. 5 [Ashur-Ayor lived, there was nothing to eat, he went to look for food, and his wife went to the judge; agreed that he should come in the evening, ordered him to bring flour and sheep; they they feasted, and then there was a knock on the door, A. came; the wife told the judge to lie in the cradle, told her husband that a child was born; A.: the legs are long, you have to shorten it, bring an ax; the judge ran away with the cradle; the next time the woman called the judge; when there was a knock, the wife told the judge to wrap himself in cow's clothing; husband: whose cow? wife: raisa; husband: let's kill her; the judge ran away like he was in his shoes; the next day A. tells his wife that while she was getting food for the children, now he will try; bought a donkey, says that he is wasting money , sold to three people he met; they came to demand money back; he hit his supposedly dead wife with a stick, she jumped up; three bought a stick, they were called to the deceased king; they were beaten; they came to A., and the wife says he died; everyone sat down to desecrate the grave, but A. hit everyone in the ass with a hammer and killed them; healed happily]: 105-108; Rushantsy [one man sent two sons to sell a bull at the bazaar; four brothers bought it in one village (very cheap); then the man went to sell the donkey himself; said that she gave birth to gold every morning, took 40 paintings from each of the brothers; when they came to the man, he explained that the brothers did not prepare hay for the donkey; the man had two foxes, he left one in the hallway, took the other with him; sent him to tell his wife to cook food; each of the brothers gave 40 arshins for the fox ; they sent the fox to their wives, the fox ran away; the brothers came to kill the man; he tied his red intestine to his wife's lower back, pretended to be angry, hit his wife in the stomach - as if he had stabbed him; rubbed with a handkerchief - she got up healthy; the brothers again gave 40 arshins, stabbed his wives; the man went to the mill, the brothers sent the youngest for him, he asked him to hold the millstone, dropped his fingers, crushed his fingers; rushed to run, towards the shepherd: man: I don't want to marry the king's daughter; the shepherd changed clothes with the man, his brothers drowned him; the man brought the herd, pointed to the reflection of the sheep in the water; the brothers jumped into water and drowned]: Sokolova 1959, No. 12:38-43; Uzbeks [mother sends her son to buy thread, then bread; he buys a dog, then a snake; his mother drives him away; the serpent orders him to ask his father for a boiler- a samovar, a magic tablecloth, a donkey with gold in his mouth, a baton; on the way back, Satan changed the cauldron, tablecloth, donkey; the boy ordered the baton to be beaten, Satan returned everything; the boy marries the royal daughter , giving treasures for her, his baton kills robbers]: Ostroumov 1890, No. 5:28-32; Turkmens: Kekilov, Kosayev 1962 [when Aldarkose's son went to sell a cow, 40 merchants assured the boy that it's a goat; A. pushed the gold donkey down the drain; 40 merchants bought it for all the gold they had; A. told them to leave the donkey on the carpets in a dark room; A. cooked pilaf in advance; when 40 merchants came, he did pretended to cook pilaf in an empty cauldron; merchants bought a cauldron, began to hit it with a ladle until they broke it; A. caught two birds with one stone, left one in the house, took the other with him; pretended to send a hare to his wife with an order to cook a shurpa; the merchants bought a hare; the next time A. hid a blood bubble in his wife's bosom, pretended to be furious, stabbed his wife, and then began to play the pipe; the wife was resurrected; the merchants bought a pipe, killed their wives, at first pretended to resurrect them, but then admitted that they were deceived again; A. hid in the grave, taking with him a hot iron rod with a tamga at the end; merchants decided to spoil the grave, each A. gave a brand; told the khan that his slaves did not obey him; when he saw the brand, the khan gave the merchants A., who sold them]: 63-70; Erberg 1953 [crooked raven stole the shepherd's cheese; he he caught him; the raven promised to give him a gift, called him to his place, gave him a magic tablecloth; the shepherd invited the padishah to a feast; he sent the vizier to take away the tablecloth; the raven gave a donkey from which gold coins were falling; the padishah and took it away; the raven gave a chest, with a mallet man in it; the padishah took the chest, the man killed the padishah, the courtiers, the guards, destroyed the palace; the shepherd told him to return to the chest; took the tablecloth and the donkey]: 7-11; Yagnobes [the snake crawls into a bunch of brushwood, forces the old man to give him his daughter; leaves a bunch of bread; they will roll and bring him to his house; the old man comes to visit his daughter, she explains that her husband is not a snake, but a good peri; her son-in-law gives her father-in-law a donkey, who defecates in gold; the old man takes him to the bazaar, the donkey is replaced; next time her son-in-law gives flint, which gives any food; the royal people take away flint; the son-in-law gives a pumpkin, 40 bald ones come out of it, beat the king, he returns the donkey and flint; the old woman tells his son-in-law to return everything; he tells the bald ones to kill their father-in-law, tells his wife that he deserves it {not clear}]: Andreev, Peschereva 1957, No. 21:117-121; (cf. Penjikent's paintings depicting a donkey defecating in gold); Sarykoltsy [after the death of the tsar, his son went bankrupt; brings the donkey to the bazaar, puts ten gold under his tail, says that the donkey defecates with gold; the son of a rich man buys a donkey for three thousand gold; the prince comes to the judge with his wife; the judge decides in favor of the prince, hopes for a meeting with his wife; she negotiates with her husband; he seems to come suddenly; the wife ties the judge to the cradle, says that they have a son; husband: if there is such a beard now, what happens next; pulls out beard with forceps, going to cut off his legs, the judge runs away, carrying the cradle]: Pakhalina 1966:114-115; Pashtuns [Tagga Khan is smart, he has a rustic little brother; he sent him to sell a goat; six brothers are deceivers; everyone consistently says that it is not a goat, but a dog, bought it for a pittance; T. rode a donkey himself; answers his brothers that they are "Buchaks": he lives for a hundred years and litters gold; in advance puts gold in the manure; brothers buy a donkey for a lot; T. tells his wife that when they arrive, one of the two rabbits should be sent for him and he will take the other with him; the brothers bought a rabbit; T. agrees with his wife: he will pretend to be angry with her in their presence, pretend to cut his throat; seeing blood, brothers are terrified; T. takes a stick, painting it red and green in advance, revives his wife; brothers bought a stick; killed their mother, could not revive them, fled for fear of punishment for murder]: Thorburn 1876:194-197; kafirs (Kati; western in 1968 in Kabul from a native of the villages. Kulem) [the boy and his old mother live poorly; the guy went on a journey, stayed overnight with an old witch; the next day he came to the spring, said: "I'll eat you, eat you, eat all the mountains"; source he got scared, threw away the cauldron to the guy; the guy returned to the old witch and said: "Whatever you say to him, "Cook," he will cook"; the old woman changed the cauldron; the guy came home, gave the cauldron to his mother; when it turned out that the cauldron is not magical, he set off; the situation repeats with a goat, about which the guy says: "If you tell her: "Give birth, give birth, give birth to silver, give birth to gold," she will give birth to it and [ ] will fill everything around]"; the third time the source threw away the staff; the guy returned to the old witch and said: "If you tell him, 'Hit him, hit this, 'he will beat people"; at night, the old woman said words to the staff; he began to beat her; the old woman gave the boy a cauldron and a goat; he returned home with them and his staff; told his mother to go to the king and marry his daughter; he set two conditions: 1) feed the whole army, 2) fill his house with gold; with the help of a cauldron and a goat, the guy did it; the king refused to give his daughter; the guy used the staff; the army fled, the king gave his daughter]: Grunberg 1980, No. 1 : 131-133.

Baltoscandia. Norwegians [a gust of wind takes the flour away from the hands of the poor young man; he comes to North Wind to ask for flour back; he gives a magic tablecloth; on the way, the inn owner replaces her; mother the young men are disappointed; next time North Wind gives a ram (goat) defecating with gold coins the same thing; the third time, a baton; she hits the mistress, she returns the tablecloth and the ram]: Dasent 1970: 228-232 (same or very similar text in Suritz 1991:157-159); Swedes [the peasant's only cow died, he went to sell his skin, found a pot of gold; borrowed a measure from the village headman, a coin stuck to it; the poor man explained that he got the money by selling the skin; the rich village (Dofväter) slaughtered their cows in vain; when they came to the peasant, they saw that his wife was covered in blood; he he played the pipe, the wife "came to life"; they bought a pipe, killed their wives; the peasant put coins under the horse's tail, the rich bought a horse, believing that it was littering gold; they put the peasant in a barrel, brought him to drown, They left for a while; he swapped places with the shepherd; the shepherd was drowned in the sea, the peasant brought the herd, said he was from the bottom]: Liungman 1961, No. 1535:304-305; Lithuanians [the master sees how poor he is Plikpetris digs through the manure; he replies that his mare defecates with coppers if it eats straw, silver after hay, gold after oats; the master buys a mare; P. manages to put it under her tail silver and two gold coins; finding them in manure, the master rejoices, then understands the deception; goes to punish P., sees with fear the boiling pot of cabbage soup left on the rubble by P.'s wife; believes that the pot cooks without firewood; P. puts a bubble of beet kvass under his wife's clothes, tells his wife to scold him for selling the pot and the mare cheaply, in front of his master's eyes he seems to stab his wife, kvass is pouring, the master believes that blood; P. says he will resurrect his wife by playing the flute and hitting her with a belt; the wife gets up; the master buys a belt and a flute, cuts his wife, she dies altogether; P. teaches his wife to tell the master that P. is dead, buried in a potato pit; the master goes to spoil the grave, P. thinks that the cow is poking a skewer from below, the master is killed, P. has healed well]: Löbite 1965:320-325; Latvians [The Magic Table, the Horse and baton. The wind dispels the guy's flour (also: frost freezes peas), he goes to complain, gets a table that he sets himself (also: the guy gets gifts for his work). Returning home, the guy spends the night with the owner (rich brother), who replaces the magic table with an ordinary one, and the guy again goes to the wind to complain. The wind gives him a horse to scatter money and a baton in a bag that beats the thief. The guy gets the table and the horse back]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 563:302; Lutsie (West 1893) [husband and wife found a handful of grain, the husband grinded, tormented his wife, the wind blew her away; the man came to complain mother of the wind; she fed him and put him to bed; the wind came: what does it smell like? I did not do anything bad, but gave a goat that litters silver; on the way back I spent the night, the owners replaced the goat; the wind gave a magic table - the same; the third time the wind gives a box, sticks in it; beaten owners returned the goat and the table]: Annom et al. 2018:278-282; Estonians [an old man and an old woman found a handful of grain, ground it, but the wind scattered the flour; the old man came to Wind's mother to complain; the Wind came, found out what was the matter, he gave a goat with which gold was falling; on the way back, the old man stopped in a rich house, replaced by a goat; the same was a magic tablecloth; then the Wind gave a box of batons; batons began to beat the owner , he had to return everything]: Normann, Lätt 1968:125-129; Karelians (Kalevalsky District) [Homa told his wife to bake pies, hid it along the road in the snow; gentlemen are coming, H. pokes his peak in the snow, pulls out pies; says that the peak is magical, sells for a high price; tells his wife to say that he is dead; lies down with three hot ramrods; the gentlemen decided to pump the dead offender in the mouth, he stabbed them in the ass ramrods; gentlemen put H. in a bag, took him to drown; there is no ice-hole on the river, they went on foot; H. shouts that he does not want to be a judge; the judge goes, agrees to get into the bag instead of H.; drowned; H. comes on his horses, says he got them at the bottom; puts a hundred-ruble horse down the drain, hits the horse, he drops a hundred rubles; gentlemen tell them to be sent under the ice; H. also took their horses]: Onegin 2010, No. 60 : 495-497.

Volga - Perm. Marie: Akzorin 1984 [someone ruins a pea field; older brothers fall asleep, younger Toymet hides, leaves mead, crane descends, eats peas, drinks, gets drunk, T. catches him; crane gives for itself a chest that shows everything; the pop replaces the chest; the next time the crane gives a goat that defecates with gold when it bleats; the pop replaces; the crane gives a stick that hits deceivers; T. beats the priest, he returns what was taken away; beats the brothers, they recognize the merits of T.]: 182-187; Bakulevsky 1973 [about the same as in Aktsorin 1984; the protagonist is Koksha; mare, tablecloth, baton]: 107-110 ; Tatars [Aldar tells the mullah that his horse weeds gold three times a day, puts a coin under its tail, the mullah buys it at a high price; he comes to A.; he cooked meat in advance, pretends that the cauldron cooks himself; the mullah buys a cauldron; A. pretends to have a postman rabbit; the wife replies to the mullah that her husband has gone for firewood, releases one rabbit, A. returns with the rabbit, the mullah thinks it's the same one; the mullah bought a rabbit; the mullah came to beat A.; he pretended to be dead; smoke was coming from a hole in the ground; the mullah thought it was A. who was burning in hell and left]: Zamaletdinov 2009, No. 86:338-344; Chuvash [the mother sent 10-year-old Ivan to carry the grain to the field, he dropped the bag, the son of the Wind woman scattered the grain; the mother sent Ivan to the mother of the Wind; she asks her sons which of them scattered the grain; it is guilty turned out to be younger; the brothers asked his mother to give I. a pie, told him not to fix it on the way; he spent the night with his married sister, at night she broke the cake, gold and silver fell asleep, his sister changed the pie; mother sent I. to return the cake; the sons of the Wind gave the goat, she defecates with gold, her sister changed it again; the third time they gave her a baton; her sister, contrary to the ban, said, "Chysh, chukmar, chish," the baton began to beat her, she returned the cake and the goat]: Marchenko 1993:322-325 (=Eysin 1993:43-45); the Bashkirs [1) the old man catches and releases the crow, which promises a reward for her release; the shepherd he meets advises asking for a donkey spewing gold; he is replaced in the village; next time, dishes filled with food; a baton; she beats the boys who replaced the donkey and the dishes, she returns the stolen goods; 2) the crane bites peas in the field, The pelvis catches him; releases him in exchange for a magic tablecloth; the old woman replaced her; then a crane that sprinkles gold; the same; a baton; she hits the old woman, she returns the stolen; the brothers want to kill Taz , a baton hits them, Taz drives them away]: Khusainova 2014:62; Udmurts [rich Zio asks Aldar Ivan to deceive him; he says that he left his purse with deceptions at home; tells Z. to prop up a birch tree instead of him, so as not to fall, he leaves himself on his goat; stabbed the goat, threw his skin into the lake; Z. undressed, climbed into the water for his skin; AI took his boots, threw one on the road, then the other; Z. does not take his boot, but when he sees the second one, he returns for the first; the second one disappears; AI teaches his wife to say that he is cutting wood in the forest and, if necessary, send a hare for him; Z. buys a hare, tells his wife to send a hare for him , the hare ran away and disappeared; AI shoved the coins down the horse's tail; Z. buys it; AI put a bubble of blood under his wife's clothes in advance, stabbed her with a knife in the presence of Z. to make her work; blood gushed AI whips his wife, the wife jumped up alive; Z. buys a whip; kills his wife; carries AI in a bag to drown; while he went to look for a pole to push the bag away into the water, AI got out, put stones into the bag; AI left, Three years later he returned with the herd, said that three cows were given by the needle at the bottom; Z. asked to throw him in a bag into the water, drowned]: Kralina 1960, No. 83:236-245.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Potanin 1916, No. 36 [the gray bull littered gold, urinated with silver; the eldest son of the bay passed his tail, the middle son on his side, the youngest on his head; the eldest answers the passerby that there is nothing to treat, for the bull has constipation; the middle one is that there is no urine, the youngest is that the bull does not chew gum; the cherry plum kara-gus bird carried the bull, sat on the goat's horn to eat a bull; a shepherd slept under the goat's beard; the bull's shoulder blade fell out, got into the eye shepherd; the wife picked it up, threw it away, water accumulated in it; in this lake, the people began to water the cattle; the fox grabbed the shoulder blade, killed the fox; they could not turn it over, they took off the skin only from one side, for everyone they sewed hats; the woman turned it over, only a quarter of the baby's hat was enough skin]: 138-139; Sidelnikov 1962 [Zheh Karakchi (Seven Thieves) ruined Momunbay; he puts silver coins under the donkey's tail, says that he defecates with silver, eating oats, gold, eating wheat; Karakchi buy it; M. ties his gut with blood to his wife's throat, as if he cuts his wife in front of Karakchi's eyes, revives him by playing the pipe, sells Karakchi a pipe; they kill their wives, try to revive them in vain; M. pretends to be dead; Karakchi come to share gold in his crypt, he jumps up, they throw everything; they come to spoil his grave, he pokes them from below with a hot rod; pretends to be resurrected; tells the khan that Karakchi were his slaves, they have a brand - a burn mark with a rod) ruined Momunbay; he puts middle coins down the tail of a donkey, says he defecates with silver]: 335-340; 1958 []: 249-259; Uighurs [the boy finds and raises a snake, the snake grows up, he lets it into the river, it turns into a dragon, a dragon gives the boy a donkey defecating with gold; the owner of the tavern has replaced the donkey; the same with a magic tablecloth; the third time the dragon gives a baton, tells the boy to ask the owner of the tavern not to speak Baton, beat me; he says; returns the donkey and the tablecloth for the boy taking the baton]: Kabirov 1963:212-217; salars (Altiyuli, Xunhua-Salar Autonomous County) [one daughter of an old man and the old woman was married to a rich man, the other to a poor man; the rich son-in-law was well fed and put to bed on the couch, and the poor was poorly fed and put on the ground; at night the poor man climbed onto the couch the rich man, pushed him and smeared the place where he was lying; then he returned to his seat and screamed; the rich son-in-law woke up and ran away; the poor went in pursuit and shouted: "It's a big event at home! Confess your wrongdoing!" ; then he returned to his home, sold the land and bought a horse; put three silver coins under his tail and went to his wife's father's house; stated that his horse threw away three silver coins every day; the horse threw away the manure, there were coins; the father bought this horse for two hundred; the son-in-law advised me to keep the horse in the pantry with peas; the father did so, at dawn the horse burst; the father decided to kill the poor son-in-law; son-in-law said to his wife: "My father is going to kill me. When he comes, take a stick from behind the door and say that I died in bed <... > When he starts crying, you comfort your father by [saying]: "Father, don't cry! I've got a nice stick. If you knock on it three times, [he] will come to life"; the wife did as told and hit him three times with a stick; the son-in-law got up, the father bought a stick for a hundred; at home he tried to revive the dead old woman with it, but to no avail; caught the poor son-in-law and locked him in one shirt in a cold room to squeeze oil; he dragged a heavy stone back and forth until morning; at dawn, when he heard his father's voice, he said: "Hey, precious shirt. If it weren't for you, I would die! You're warm in winter and cold in summer!" ; the father demanded to give the shirt; bought it for two hundred; the son-in-law locked his father in that room, at dawn the father died]: Tenishev 1964, No. 18:40-42.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Teleuts [plowman Chut was cooking food in a pot; when he saw that four merchants were coming, he closed the fire, the merchants believed that the pot was cooking itself, gave him a hundred rubles each; they returned to kill C.; he poured coins into the manure and put a mare under the tail; the merchants believed that the mare defecates with money, the merchants buy a mare; C. caught two crows, left one tied on arable land, gave the other to his wife; answers the merchants that he would return them all the money; untying the crow, tells her to fly to his wife to tell her to prepare to receive guests; at C.'s house, the dishes he ordered and there is a crow here; the merchants bought a crow, C. ran away to get more with do not meet them]: Potanin 1883, No. 5:247-249; Buryats: Bardakhanova, Gympilova 2008, No. 14 (place of recording is unknown) [Baldan Senge is a deceiver; Fat Tarba asks him to deceive; BS takes his horse does not return to go home to buy a deceptive book; left his hat - a golden bird under it; JT put his hand, there is something sticky; BE promises Itchy that he will feel his bowel movements; smeared his boot crap, left it on the road; then left another; Zudai drove past the first one, saw the second one, came back, began to wash it; BS stuffed a silver cup under the tail of the thin horse, sold the horse to seven merchants for cattle, he also took the cup - the horse will give you more; knowing that the deceived will come to him, BS tells his wife to tie a gut of blood around her neck; in the presence of the merchants, he tells his wife to stand up, she lies, BS seems to have pierced her neck with an iron pin, then "revived" it with a magic whip; sold it for a lot; the merchants killed their wives, could not revive it; BS pretended to die by making holes in the coffin lid; when seven sat down to desecrate it coffin, he pierced their asses]: 66-70; Dugarov 1990 [a poor guy hired a job for a rich man; when he comes in, he covers the chest; the rich man thinks he hides money there, comes to steal him at night, his boyfriend enough, he pays off; a guy leads a goat past another rich man's house, gold coins fall from under her tail, a rich man buys a goat; finds a guy, puts him in a bag, tells the servants to drown; the guy says to those who buried the gold, they run away to dig it up; the guy tells a passerby that he is in a bag because he does not want to be a khan; a passerby gets into the bag, the servants drown him; the guy meets a bear, they fight, from Gold coins fell out of his torn clothes; the guy replies to the khan's son passing by that he was sacrificing a bear to a Tengria, and he was giving gold; the Khan's son gave his horse and began to fight against with a bear, he killed him, and the boy left; he comes to the rich man in Khan's clothes, says that Lusan Khan gave him a horse and clothes at the bottom of the river; the rich man tells himself to drown; the guy brings a horse to Khan and brings clothes Khan's son, says that his enemies hunted him with a bear; the khan smashes enemies, brought the boy closer, then gave him the state]: 287-291; Dagurs [the orphan put a mule coin under his ass, told the rich man that he defecates with money, the rich man bought a mule; he spoiled him; taking a hammer, the rich man ran to the orphan; the orphan told his wife to pretend to be dead with a black hammer (he killed his wife for a while to save food), and to revive him in red; the rich man bought hammers; killed his wife; the rich man stuffed the orphan into a bag, carried it to drown, hung it on the gate, went away for a snack; noticing a lame shepherd, the orphan tells him that he was also chrome, but recovered sitting in a bag; the lame man changes places with him, the rich man drowns him; the orphan says he brought the herd from the bottom; the rich man also asks to drown him; the orphan became famous]: Stuart 1994:108; Oirats (Xinjiang; based on Han Tenger magazine published in 1981-1993 in Urumqi) [among the published fairy tales is a text entitled Altan - y ƒr b ā daq eljigen - "Donkey defecating with gold" {no details}]: Menyaev 2017:340; Mongols (Ordos) [Saihan-hoo ("beautiful boy") went west; decided to spend the night between cows; jumped on a cow to steal; rode it all night; in the morning it turned out to be a tiger; tried to grab a branch tore it off, but it turned out to be the head of the snake Abyrga-Mogay; in the city, every new king dies the next day; lama: the king will be the one who comes on a tiger, who drives him with a snake Abyrga-Mogay; people stole S. with a noose, the tiger grabbed the tiger's tail and tore it off; S. became king; someone spoils bread on arable land; S. went and saw a tree, under it the tigers stood one on top of the other to eat apples; the lowest tiger without a tail; S. called him short, he fled, the others fell and crashed; S.'s father became impoverished at that time; caught a goose, broke his leg, the goose promised three lands; S. let go, the goose disappeared into the sea; An old man came out of the water: it's not a goose, but Losun Khan; we must ask him for a black black donkey; this donkey is littering gold; the Chinese replaced him; then L. gave a broken kettle, he cooks any food, took the kettle away Khan; the third time the old man received bones, they ask who to beat; old man: except for the black donkey and the broken one, hit everyone; the bones killed everyone; the old man took the donkey and the teapot back]: Potanin 1893, No. 21:181-184.

Eastern Siberia. Ilympic Evenks [the old man leaves for three years, comes back; the old woman has a boy, she says she found him on the bed; he grows up, tells him to fill eight bags with earth, throws him over a yurt, they turn into horses that defecate with other horses; the old people get rich, the son leaves, kills many heroes; the horse warns that the owner is proud; to meet the dwarf, says that you will have to humble the proud man; to meet the giant, asks to raise his staff; the hero tries to do this, cannot, goes to the ground up to his neck; tells his head to become a table mountain, his back to become a mountain range, arms and legs - with other ridges]: Vasiliev 1936, No. 3:255-257; Yakuts (place of recording not specified; Vilyuisky?) [The Mockingbird Liar (OP) tells three merchant sons that his horse is defecating with silver coins; he stuffed their horse down the drain, the merchants believed, bought a horse; realizing that they were deceived, killed OP's wife and burned down his house; OP, returning from town, said that ash and dead bodies were worth the price in the city; merchants killed their wives and burned their houses; in the city they went to prison; when they returned, they put the OP in a bag, cut through ice-hole, went to get a net to remove the ice; a man on three horses arrived; OP said that sitting in a bag he heals his eyes; the one who came also wanted to be treated, changed places with OP; drowned; OM arrives on the top three; says that there is a rich country at the bottom, he made easy money on horses; merchants wanted to go under water and allowed them to drown]: Popov 1936a: 175-177.

Amur - Sakhalin. The Udege people [a poor brother with many children is starving; in a dream, someone tells him to take a horse from the mountain; it defecates with buns; a rich brother borrows a horse, it defecates with manure, he kills it; then but with a cow; a poor brother grinds flour; a rich brother and his wife are beaten and killed by the hands of a millstone]: Nikolaeva ao.o. 2003, No. 13:98-101.

Japan. Japanese: Ikeda 1971, No. 428 [I. A female deity living in the lake asks a man to take the box containing the letter to her relative in another lake; 1) the content of the letter is harmless to the messenger, woman gives him an inexhaustible bunch of coins, tells him to ask the owner of another lake for a horse that defecates with gold, or a gold-producing child (calf, dog, mortar); 2) the letter suggests eating the messenger, because he has a Mongolian spot on his body and is therefore tasty; the messenger is illiterate or does not read letters, but on the way the priest replaces the letter with the command to give the messenger treasures. II. The messenger enters the underwater world, is awarded. III. When he returns three years later, he feeds the animal he received properly, it defecates with gold; his greedy brother or wife gives more food than necessary, the animal disappears or becomes ordinary], 1539 (from Tohoku to North Kyushu, version 22) [poor brother sells a pot to a rich horse that supposedly defecates in gold, that creates food that revives the dead stick; to test the properties of the stick, rich kills mother and wife; the poor are carried in a bag to drown, left; he tells the shepherd or fish seller that he is sitting in a bag to heal his eyes; the rich dies {apparently asks to drown him in order to get the herd from the bottom}]: 113, 252-253