Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M84b2. Birds eaten and animated. 31.35.

The character carefully preserves the bones of migratory birds eaten (not fish or animals) and the birds come to life again. (Episodes of reviving a domestic goose or rooster are not taken into account in everyday tales).

Western Sami, Northern Mansi, Northern (?) Khanty.

Baltoscandia. Western Sami: Pollan 2005, No. 115 [birds fly to Barbmo every autumn; dwarfs as tall as a swan live there; they catch geese and other birds with a stick with a loop at the end; they don't break bones, they collect them, bring them to the place where they caught the bird; two brothers came there, noticed that the bones were not breaking; the brothers did the same; it is very warm there]: 225; Toivonen 1937 [(it is not directly mentioned about the revival of birds, but this follows from a desire not to break bones); for winter, migratory birds fly to Loddaši nnám, 'Birds' Land, aka barbmo-riika; there they are hunted by little men, the bones of birds eaten by birds they do not break, but they pile them up; they have been visited by two people, fulfilled the request not to break bones; the owner of migratory birds is Barbmo-akka; a crane leads birds back from a warm country, reports to B. how many birds were born and how many died; after receiving an account, B. decides how many birds she should keep for herself, how many to release into the world]: 100-103.

Western Siberia. Northern Mansi: Lukina 1990, No. 105 [see motif A4; where the sky hangs, there is a rock with a hole; covered with an iron wall; Mir-Susne-Hum pike through it, but an old man catches him into the iron net; tries to kill, but only beats herself and his wife, M. escapes; flies into the southern edge as a goose; the southern old woman killed, cooked two teals, M. ate them; she threw her bones into a lake with living water, teals flew away; M. gets the daughter of the Southern old man and old woman; migratory geese and ducks are her dowry; wearing M.'s skins, a goose, she is a swan, flew into our world through a rock with a hole], 106 (zap. BUT. Balandin, 1937, p. Vejacors on the river. Ob) [water is everywhere; there is an old man and an old woman in the house; an iron loon flew in, dived, popped up, his neck burst, blood appeared under his neck, a piece of earth in his beak, stuck between the logs of the house, flew up; then but the second loon dives three times, blood on his neck, a piece of land stuck between the logs; the earth began to grow; the old man goes out three times, each time after three days; the third time there is land everywhere; the old man sends three times the white crow flies around the ground; he returns in 3, 5, 7 days; the third time is black, pecking a deceased person; the old man told him not to catch the beast from now on, only fish or take blood for himself when a person He will kill the beast and take meat; a tree has grown in the backyards; the old man brought it with roots and branches, began to cheat it, cut his hand, the old woman sucked blood, told him to carry the tree back; at night the old woman was gone, in the morning, an old man found her in a small house, she gave birth to a son there, called Taryg-Pesch-nimalya-sov; T. hunts; every time she sees a line in the ice-hole; then she sees his reflection, he has a beard, needs a wife; found a home, took a horse out of the basement of the barn, washed it from the manure, his mother gave chain mail, a sword, a whip and a saddle; T. jumps to look for his wife, pierced an aspen leaf with an arrow; in the house an old woman says that T. punched a piece of her bed; that Num- Torum, his father let his wife down from heaven, and Paraparsekh stole him; gave him the skins of pike, hawk, mammoth, hare and scissors; T. meets people, shepherding horses; people: herd horses P.; T.: answer: we herd horses T., otherwise, the Fire King following me will burn you with fire; the same will be cow shepherds; T. comes to P.'s house, he is not there, the woman tells you to hide in moss; the winged P. descends on the larch; the woman assures that P. dead, P. does not believe, flies away; T. pursues with the skin of a hawk; P. became an iron loon into the sea, T. became a pike; P. was a hare, T. is another hare; P. is a teal duck, T. shot him with an arrow, burned him in the fire; horse carried him across the sky through Torum's fire, ordered him to hide in his nostril for this time; Kul is on the way, swallows everyone, the horse tells them to wear mammoth skin, cut off Kul's nose and ears with scissors; Kul: I'll die now; 30 aspens from one root go into girth, strangle people with branches; the horse is gone, T. thinks about that old woman, she appears, breaks aspens, says that the eternal era of human life will come, and with these aspens it was it would be impossible; the horse tells him to wrap him in birch bark, grab Kirp-Nelp Equa's granddaughter; K. chases, grabs the horse, but only rips off his birch bark, cuts his hands on his sword; T. comes to his wife, clutching his leg with him horse, daughter K.; T. now has two wives, all P.'s wealth; in heaven T. comes to the old man, in sledges, the Sun Girl; T. volunteered to take her himself; looks down, sees people quarreling, thought he would kill everyone, people die; the old man tells them to be resurrected; he resurrected them; the same place where the Month Girl (or are these girls daughters of the Sun and the Month?) ; with two wives, T. comes to a place where earth and sky meet; there is a hole, an old man is waiting for ducks, waiting for geese; T. tries to fly like a hawk, falls, dives into the lake with a pike, brings it to the old woman and the old man ducks; an old woman cooks them, does not tell them to break bones, puts bones in a lake with live water, ducks fly out alive; T. sleeps with their daughter; T. returned to earth with all his wives, now 5 wives; then gets another one wife]: 258-272, 272-290; Rombandeeva 2005, No. 1 [A piece of peat wife-and-husband live in a house, there is water around, they have a white crow; an iron Loon dives from the sky, a grain of land in its beak, a loon flies away into the sky; Iron Lula dives (now there is no such bird, it had a red crown and legs standing back); for the third time, a piece of earth in its beak, smeared its beak on Peat-Scrap, returned to heaven; in the morning the earth is the width of a foot, grew on the second day; the husband sends the Raven three times to find out if the earth is big; by the evening of the third day he returns only in black evening, because he pecked at a dead person; the husband tells from now on he feeds on carrion; the first cedar grows up; the couple has a son, his husband calls him Taryg-Pes-Nimalya-Sov; he grows up, sees a bearded man in the ice-holes, then realizes that it is himself; the father tells him himself get a wife, pull the leash in manure, T. pulls out the horse, leaves; the old woman says that while he was sleeping, Paraparsekh stole his wife; gives scissors, iron skin of a kite, hare, mouse, pike; T. comes to a woman, she says that P. will fly in the skin of a crow; T. chases an iron kite; then an iron hare after a hare, the same iron mouse, a pike; in the horse's nostrils he flies through the fire; hangs on an aspen tree, his grandmother arrives, takes it off; the giant almost pulls him into his nose, he cuts his nostrils with scissors; after many adventures, T. flies in goose skin to Mortym Equa and Mortym-Oika; sees how did ME cook the teals, then threw the bones into the water, they came to life (p.59); returns his wife, flies to her parents]: 33-61 (a brief retelling in 1991:14); Mansi and Western (i.e. northern?) Khanty [migratory birds fly to the country of morti-mā (mans.), morta-mex (hunt.); it is separated by a curtain in the form of the edge of the sky; the wind shakes it, only the most dexterous birds can slip under it; an old man and an old woman feed on birds killed by the edge of the sky; bones are thrown into the sea of living water near their home; new birds are born from bones; when they grow old, they bathe and become young]: Karjalainen 1996:25.