Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M91. Dead twice, ATU 1537.


Pretending that the deceased has just been alive for a relatively long time, the character accuses others of his death, receives a ransom and gifts.

Karanga, Kikuyu, Hungwe, Vute, Krachi, Baule, Ewe, Ashanti, Mosi, Mofu-Gudur, Hausa, Biafada, Temne, Sarah, Amhara, Sudanese Arabs, Iraqu, Malgashi, Tunisia, Kabila, Spaniards, Catalans, Basques, Portuguese, Italians (Lazio, Campania, Abruzzo, Molise, Calabria), Sicilians, Corsicans, Ladins, Scots, French (Provence, Upper Brittany), Bretons, Dutch, Germans (Pomerania, Silesia, Switzerland), Frisians, Arabs of Syria, Saudi Arabia, Mehri, Jibbali, Khasi, Kachin, Tibetans (Amdo), Eastern Tibetans (Sichuan), Lavrung, Shans, Khmu, Kumaoni, Muria, Santals, Ho, Koreans, Hungarians, Romanians, Bulgarians, Albanians, Greeks, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Moscow, Ryazan, Tula, Gorkovskaya, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Volyn, Galicia, Yekaterinoslavskaya, Poltava, etc.), Belarusians, Poles, Slovenes, Slovaks, Crimean Tatars, Stavropol Turkmens, Adygs, Abazins, Ingush, Nogais, Terek Cossacks, Kumyks, Dargins, Rutultsy, Lezgins, Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Talysh, Turkmens (Tekins), Persians, Yagnobes, Vakhans, Ishkashim, Shugnans, Sarykol, Tajiks, Mountain Tajiks, Uzbeks, Estonians, Livans, Finns, Karelians, Veps, Western Sami, Latvians, Danes, Swedes, Norwegians, Icelanders, Komi-Zyrians, Udmurts, Mari, Chuvash, Kazan Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Karakalpaks, Kyrgyz, Uighurs, Dungans, Yellow Uighurs, Altaians, Khakas, Tofalars, Darhats, Dongxians, Buryats, Khalkha Mongols, Inner Mongolian Mongols, Oirats (Durbuts), Nenets, Mansi, Northern and Eastern Khanty, Northern Selkups, Dolgans, Central (?) , northwestern and northeastern (Verkhoyan) Yakuts, Western Evenks, Baikal Evenks, Evens, Nanais, Negidals, Wilta, Japanese, forest and tundra Yukaghirs, Chukchi.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Shone (jungwe) [the young man earned a piece of gold from the chief, brought it to his mother; she says that the gold should be put in a bag, not carried in his hand; next time he earned a bowl of milk, poured it into the bag; carry on his head; got a dog, brought it on his head; lead on a rope; a piece of meat; it does not need to be dragged through the dust; a young man comes to sell a dog's skin; sees a lover come to one of the leader's wives, reports the chief, who gives 20 pieces of gold "for a dog's skin"; the leader in his village unsuccessfully tries to sell dog skins; angrily asks who taught the young man; the mother; the chief ordered her to be killed; the son leaned his body against wood, asked the beer merchant to give his mother a drink, the body fell, the young man accused the merchant of murder, forced him to pay; the chief killed his mother, went to sell for 10 pieces of gold; no one took it, he killed young man]: Zhukov, Kotlyar 1976, No. 184:442-445; kikuyu: Gagnolo 1952, No. 6 [two wives each have a son - Wamogumo (Wm) and Wakogumo (Wk); parents died, father left each with a donkey; while Vk was gone, Vm from Vk stabbed his donkey with envy; Vk made his belts out of the skin, sold him profitably; said Vm that he sold meat; he killed his donkey, tried to sell meat in vain; killed Vk's mother out of revenge {before that it is said that both wives The brothers' father died}; Vk put the corpse on a donkey, came to the owner of 200 goats, said that his mother would give him money, he pushed her, the corpse fell, Vk accused the man of murder, got his goats, said Vm that sold the deceased; Vm killed his mother, went to sell to the bazaar, he was beaten; Vm suggested that Vk try to get into the narrow-necked basket, braided her, threw her into the lake; she fell in shallow water; Vk shouted to the shepherd that the person in the basket would receive a message from God; the shepherd released Vk, climbed into the basket, Vk drowned him, took the herd, said Vm that he had taken it out at the bottom of the lake; Vm ordered him to drown in the basket, drowned]: 10-14; Mwangi 1983 [when Maara's mother died, she was thrown away by hyenas; when her father died, M. did not bury him, but put him on the road along which the cattle were driven; the animals trampled on the body; M. told the shepherds that they killed his father; the shepherds gave a lot of cattle in return]: 120-122.

West Africa. Vute [a young man catches a bird with glue, his grandmother cooked it, gave him a machete; he gave it to people who cut down stakes to make a dam; people broke a machete, gave it clean water in return; young man He gave them to people who caught ants to drink; they gave him ants, he gave them to birds, the birds gave fruit by knocking them off the tree; the hunters ate the fruit, gave the boar a leg; the young man roasts it at the old woman's place, she eats meat and gives him salt; he lets the wind carry salt, which turns to another wind that helps the princess blow durra; the princess gives the young man durra; he gives durra to pigeons, and those to him oilseeds seeds; he squeezed oil, gave it to people who embalmed the deceased; got the body for the oil, brought it to another village, leaned it against a tree; walks into the house, asks the girl to call his wife; she says that touched his wife and she fell; the young man pretends to resent that his wife was killed, gets a girl as his wife]: Krug 1912, No. 10:113ff (retelling in Klipple 1992:311-312; krachi [Ananse (spider trickster) asks the god Wulbari to give him one corncob, promises to bring a hundred people in return; consistently changing one supposedly missing item to another: he feeds the cob to the chickens, gets a bag of grain, for this is God's cob, changes grain for chicken, kills it, everyone believes that the leader killed the chicken, gives 10 sheep, A. buys a dead young man for 10 sheep, passes him off as his sleeping son V., tells the children to beat him so that wake up, accuse him of murder, takes a hundred young men as witnesses to what happened; brags that he is smarter than V.; he is offended, tells A. to bring "something"; A. takes a pen from each bird, climbs a tree, no one does not understand what it is; everyone says that A. would have guessed; V. explains that he sent him and that "something" means the sun, moon and darkness; after learning the secret, A. slowly gets off the tree, brings what he needs; first darkness is total darkness, then the moon comes out, finally the sun; those who look at it straight are blind; that's why blind people exist]: Cardinall 1931:15-21 (=Belcher 2005:111-116, Zhukov, Kotlyar 1976, No. 9:41-46); baule [god offers to exchange one grain for a slave; only the Spider promises to do so; tells the peasant that his chicken pecked his magic grain, gets the chicken; then he gets a goat for the chicken ( the goats trampled her in the barn), for the sheep's goat (he broke the goat's leg), for the ox (he was cared for by oxen), for the ox - the dead boy; says that he sleeps, leaves the owner with the children; in the morning one of the owners the children, wanting to annoy his brother, says that he strangled the guest's child; this boy was given to Spider, who brought him to God; God wanted to reward a golden woman, but the Spider took a vessel with fairy tales; dropped the tales dissipated, he ordered them to talk about him]: Himmelheber 1951b:66-70 (translated into Himmelheber 1960:67-72); biafada [Dembo's young elders forbid marriage; Binta, the leader's daughter named Bukar, ugly and sweet; the sorcerer gave pills for her to recover; if someone else tried them, Binta would die; she forced her shepherd lover to eat a pill, fell dead; Dembo promised help if he gives him his sister; Binta put Binta's corpse through the window to the hunter's wife, she thought her husband had brought the dead goat; the hunter sees the chief's daughter dead in the house; Dembo promises to help for promising to get the daughter of a hunter; puts the corpse on the road where beekeepers cut down trees at night; they believe that they have run over the chief's daughter, promise Dembo to help his sister; he puts the corpse between the healer's two sleeping daughters; she thinks that her daughters have a lover, beats, finds the chief's daughter; Dembo promises to help for promising to give both daughters; puts the corpse on guard, they shoot, the chief sees her daughter dead; says that she It's her own fault; Dembo gets five wives; the elders are silent because they were forbidden to marry only one]: Mendelssohn 1971:101-106; Eve: Olderogge 1959 [The spider asks the king for small coins, promises buy 50 people with them; he came to another king, threw coins, the rooster scattered them, the Spider demanded that the rooster be given to him; he left the rooster with the cows in another house, they trampled him, he got a cow; met a funeral procession, exchanged a cow for a deceased child; went to the place where 50 people spent the night, said that if the child's mouth smelled bad, he should be pushed; in the morning he accused him of 50 people received the murder of a child, as if it were King Quazo De's child; at home he asked the king for a kalebasa with fairy tales, now each one has about the Spider]: 172-174; Schönhärl 1909, No. 17 [the princess was kidnapped; The king promises it and half the kingdom to whoever returns it; Eyevi asks the king to give him a melon, promises to return his daughter; he ate half a melon, took the other half with him, stayed in the house, put a melon with chickens, at night it took it, said that the rooster ate the melon, got a rooster; etc.: for the ox rooster, for the ox of a horse with a golden saddle, for a dead man's horse; brings it to where the captive princess is; asks to turn off the lights - his son does not bring out the light; let his son sleep in the same place as the girls; they promise to beat the imaginary young man if he opens a vessel with a disgusting smell; the corpse stinks, he is beaten; E. says that his son was killed, gets the kidnapped princess; brings her to her father, marries] in Klipple 1992:312; ashanti [the spider asks the heavenly god for a seed, promises to give an entire village in return; guinea fowl pecked a seed, a spider received guinea fowl in return; then a sheep; a cow; a slave's corpse; the spider makes it look like children have killed the heavenly god; he gets children, people follow them, he brings everyone to the heavenly god; as a reward asks and gets a place under the ceiling]: Rattray 1930, No. 68:256 (retelling in Klipple 1992:313); mosi [the father gives each of his two sons half a calebasa of cotton seeds; the youngest sells his own, buys chicken; cooked, carried, exchanged for a horse by a man whose wife wanted chicken; the young man exchanged the horse for a spitting snake, carries it in a sack; leaves it with the merchants; they open the bag, the snake crawls away, the young man receives salt, donkeys, loincloths in return; a young man stays with an old woman, drinks from forbidden calebas and goes blind; to regain his sight, he gives everything he has received from merchants; comes to other merchants ; they open the calebas and go blind; they give much more for curing them than the first merchants; a young man comes to the country where the king's mother died; buys her body, drags it demonstratively; the king buys his mother's body for the kingdom, handing it over to a young man; the new king invites his father, gives him wealth]: Tauxier 1917, No. 83:48ff in Klipple 1992:314-315; mofu-gudur [poor and rich young men go marry, the rich promises the poor to pay for his bride; both receive the chief's daughters, but the rich refuses to pay; the poor shoots birds, the heron wants to peck them, he catches her, she gives him herds, grain; the wife of a rich man envies her sister, puts warthog testicles in her food, she dies; the old woman revives her with leaves; asks the leader only for leftovers of porridge from the cauldron as a reward; goes, falls into the water, catches catfish, gives it to children; when they ate it, she says that the leader gave it the catfish, it should have turned into a chicken, let it be given chicken now; this is how he trades for larger animals, butter, dressed skin; the dead man was covered with the skin, the old woman demands that he be given to her instead of the skin; leaves him alive; sends the girl to give her son water; says that she killed him, gets the girl as his wife to his son]: Sorin-Barreteau 2001, No. 20:141-155; Hausa [of the three sons of rich Ahmadu, only the youngest Auta agree to limit his share in the inheritance with a stick and a shoe; A. meets a hunter he asks for a stick, knocks the bird off the tree, gives it to A., and the stick remains on the tree; A. consistently changes the bird to ash (the scout had nothing to fry on it), ash to calebass with porridge (woman asked for ash as a seasoning instead of salt), porridge for a hoe (fed those who dug the ground), a hoe for a knife (the blacksmith forges it into knives), a knife for a white cloth (the weaver wanted to cut the fabric), cloth for a dead girl (those who buried her needed a shroud); however, they had no money to pay, they gave the corpse, A. put it in cloth, asked the royal wives to give water to his wife, the body fell, A. accused the women of murder, the king gave him two his wives; A. settled in the forest, and sent his wives back; the Frog, the Monkey, the Horse, the Camel, the Donkey, the Donkey, the Ants of three kinds, the Mule, the Snake, the Bird (crown-bird), the White-breasted Crow came to live with him; they filled his house gold, silver and slaves; The Spider reports this to the king; the White Leper advises how to destroy A. in order to seize his wealth; 1) divide mixed grains of many varieties (ants divided); 2) get the fruits of a palm tree growing in the middle of the lake (Frog and Monkey get it); 3) bring a millet leaf (there is no millet during the dry season; the crow brought it from the north, Crown-Bird from the south); the snake offered to crawl into the stomach royal daughter; let A. say that the medicine is the liver of the White Leper; he was killed, the princess drank the infusion, the snake came out quietly; the young man took the gifts but returned to the forest; the Snake asked to put her on Sundays a piece of meat on an anthill; The frog ate the meat, the Snake bit it and A., both died]: Tremearne 1913, No. 80:380-392 (retelling the first half in Klipple 1992:315-316); dark [Kadiyatu has a husband Lefa and lover are the son of Chief Musa; when leaving, L. leaves his wife poison under the guise of a healing potion - we'll eat it when I return; K. sprinkles a potion into M.'s food, he dies; Dulay gives K. advice for a large fee: Put the corpse alive by the Tompani fisherman's nets; he hit the imaginary thief with a stick, his body fell, T. thought he killed him; D. again advises taking the body to the hunter's wife's house for a fee; every night the hunter knocks in a certain way, hands the dead game to his wife; he must knock and hand over the corpse; the hunter's wife did not notice anything, put the "game" on the bed, fell asleep again; when he found out what happened, the hunter also pays M. money, he tells him to lean his body against the palm tree of the palm manufacturer; he hits the "thief" with a stick, the corpse falls, but the palm owner sees that the corpse has long cooled down, goes to D.; he advises in the voice of M . call his brother from the other side of the river; his brother will answer that he does not want to move, and the imaginary M. that he will swim to that one himself; then throw the corpse into the river; everyone decided that M. drowned himself, and if anyone it's his brother's fault]: Turay 1989:129-139.

Sudan - East Africa. Sarah: Fortier 1967 [Ki-ndam-ndoti and Sou set traps; S. was trapped by an agama lizard and K. was trapped by a dove; S. came early and changed prey; they began to fight, K. knocked down S., but thought he did it too rude and gave him the pigeon; S. gave it to the old lady to cook it; took it out of the cauldron and ate it, then demanded that the old woman give her the ax; he gave it to teenagers who they dug up earth bees with sticks; the ax broke, the teenagers gave S. feathers; he gave feathers to the dancers to decorate their heads, the feathers were worn out, the dancers gave a drum; S. gave it to the funeral participants who knocked on calebass; they began to beat the drum until they made a hole; gave S. the dead man; S. put him at the well, asked the girl to give his friend water, the corpse fell, S. accused the girl of murder, her parents her to him gave away; (each episode is followed by a listing of all previous exchanges)]: 313-317 in Paulme 1976:145-147; Pinguilly 1997, No. 9 []: 113-121; amhara [the woman has five stupid sons, she asks smart, even if he is an inch tall; Synzyro is born; brothers ask him to steal food from neighbors; neighbors think that chicken is swarming, S. brings food, brothers eat everything themselves; the same with the bull (S. hid in bull's ear); deprived S. shouts that the thieves stole the bull, the brothers run away without eating; S. asks the rider to let him ride; says that the horse does not want to lead someone else, asks to borrow his clothes, galloped off; asks the old woman to guard his horse, advises to tie the horse to his leg; the horse galloped, the old woman died; covers her body with clothes, says in a rich house that she came with her mother; accuses the owners of murder, gets food and money; ate and burst]: Gankin 1979, No. 119:164-166; Sudanese Arabs [Juha saw a funeral procession, exchanged a horse for the deceased, planted it by the river, holding yarn and a spindle in his hands; boats with wood, iron, silver passed; when the boat with gold asked his mother to take him; she can't hear well, shove her paddle; she fell down, J. said they killed her, they left him a boat of gold; told his uncle that he was beaten and thrown into the river, gold from the bottom; his uncle asked him to be thrown into the river; asked him for shoes; J. came to his wives: his uncle told me to marry you; they don't believe it; he Shouts to his uncle - one or both? the uncle replies that both (them); beat his uncle, he has diarrhea; his uncle beat him - the same; he put gold coins in a jar, on top of the crap; the goats ate the crap; J. said that the jar was full of coins, got goats in return ; J. climbed a tree above the river with his shoes on; said he was going on a trip; a boat was sailing, he jumped into it and sailed away]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 56:194-195; to Iraq [the cunning man threw a lump of land into a bird; she threw the lump back, it hit a cow, it fell dead; the cunning man took off his skin, found two fools at home telling them that he had sold the skin to a waterline, and he announced that tomorrow he and two would die people he would meet in his house; the fools were frightened; the cunning man said that he bought himself by giving the cow's skin a devil, let them do the same; fools called the line on the shore all night; the cunning man died wife; he planted her in front of a hut with a basket of corn; fools asked her for corn, pushed her, the cunning man ran out and accused them of murder; the sultan ordered everyone to give the cunning three calves]: Kohl-Larsen 1966:182 in Kharitonov 1975, No. 58:117-119; malgashi (gelding) [after the death of his mother, Mahaka must have a feast, but he has nothing; he puts the deceased outside the door as if she is spinning; invites him to come in cattle drovers; they open the door, the corpse falls, M. accuses them of murder, they are happy that they were allowed to give their cattle but were left alive]: Haring 2007, No. 63:125-126 (=2.3.1655:346).

North Africa. Tunisia [Once Jha found a grain of wheat, he went to a woman who was grinding flour and gave her the grain, she thanked it and put it along with the rest of the grains. When she ground all the grains into flour, Jha asked her to give him his grain; she had no choice but to give him some of the flour. So the flour turned into bread, then sheep, then camel, then Jha exchanged the camel for a dead old woman, and then accused her of being poisoned by the people who fed him with their food so that he would not made a fuss, they married him to their beautiful daughter, who gave birth to him a daughter. At the end of the fairy tale, he sings a lullaby in which he talks about everything that happened to him]: Al-Aribi 2009, No. 38 in Korovkina MS; kabily [the jackal asks the woman to pull the thorn out of his leg; that pulls it out; the jackal demands his thorn back, the woman can't find it, she has to give an egg in return; the jackal spends the night in the house, asks to put an egg under the owner's chicken for the night, breaks the egg at night, smears the chicken's beak is yolk, the owner has to give the chicken in exchange for the egg; in the next house: chicken to goats, kills chicken, smears it with blood on the goat's face, gets a goat; also: goat for cow; cow for horse; people bury an old woman, a jackal exchanges her body for a mare; comes to the newlyweds house, asks his sick mother to be put on the bed next to the bride for the night; cut the throat of the corpse; in the morning accuses the bride that she stabbed his mother, the groom's father gives the bride a jackal; he carried her in a bag; stayed at the house, it turned out to be the girl's parents' house; the jackal went for a drink, the girl called her father, he released her, put her down in the bag of two dogs; the jackal carried it, stopped, began singing about how he changed the thorn for an egg, etc., opened the bag, the dogs tore it, returned home]: Frobenius 1921b, No. 6:19-24.

Southern Europe. Catalans [one person accidentally kills another; he drags a corpse onto a fig tree in someone else's garden; the owner thinks it's a thief, throws a stone, thinks he killed the thief, drags the corpse into someone else's garden; the owner of the garden mistakes the garden owner for a thief, shoots him; thinks he has killed him, drags the corpse somewhere else; etc.]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 1537:250-251; Basques (French Baskonia) [father bequeathed two bulls to two eldest sons, and the youngest cow named Gillen pec; he stabbed a cow, went to sell his skin; came to his leather uncle; noticed; when he knocked, the hostess opened it, and someone hid in the chest; an uncle came, paid for the skin and offered more money; G. refused, but asked to give him the chest; threw it into the stream; the one in the chest screamed, paid a lot of money for G. to release him and not tell anyone what happened; the brothers were surprised that G. received so much money for the skin; their mother had just died; G. brought the body to church, told Curie that his mother was deaf ; he asked how long the old woman had been in confession, pushed her, she fell; G. demanded payment for the murder, received a lot of money, buried his mother in the cemetery; told the brothers that he had sold the body; brothers killed their wives, but no one bought the dead; at the inn, the brothers put G. in a bag and began to eat dinner; G. began to say that he would not take 2,000 ecus; the servant exchanged seats with him; G. brought his herd to the river; his brothers asked him where the herd came from; G.: from the bottom; brothers jumped into the water and drowned]: Cerquand 1876, No. 24:12-16; Portuguese [rich peasant imitates poor, loses; manure sold under like an ointment; a rich man kills a poor man's horse; burns his house, he deceives ash for gold, says he sold ash; enters a house where the hostess receives a lover, his skin with him; pretends that the skin indicates where the food is hidden, the lover (obviously the skin was sold for a lot of money}; the rich man cuts his cows (horse), kills his wife (mother) to sell fat as a healing ointment; the poor is carried in a bag drown, he changes places with the shepherd, {drives the herd - supposedly from the bottom}, the rich man drowns; other motives: the animal supposedly wears gold; the hat pays debts; an imaginary magic object revives the victim; mail hare; dead body presented as alive]: Cardigos 2006, No. 1535+1537:316-318; Italians (Lazio, Campania, Abruzzo, Molise, Calabria), Sicilians: Cerise, Serafini 1975 No. 1537:332; Spaniards [(detailed analysis of versions)]: Espinosa 1936b: 182-190; Corsicans [the widow has a son Muschinu (the name of the insect pest of olives); he sold the cow, removed the skin, filled it with bees; asked let her sleep; at this time the priest comes to the hostess; the husband came, the curé jumped out the window; M. says that thanks to her cow's skin, he can guess and predict; knocks on her, the bees are buzzing, he says where food, wine, money are hidden; sells skin for 40 francs; advises to open it in the presence of his wife, but with windows and doors closed; bees bit his wife and then her husband to death; M. says at home that he received the money selling the skin; neighbors slaughtered the cows; came to kill M., but stabbed his mother; M. brings her to a public place, as if selling eggs; a rich man pushed her, believes that he has killed her, paid 1,000 francs; M. says that they give good money for the dead; people killed old people, barely escaped from prison; M. was stuffed into a bag, carried to drown, left for a while; he shouts that he does not want to marry a princess; a pig merchant takes his place; he was drowned, M. brought pigs, said he was from the seabed; neighbors and his wives jumped into the water and drowned]: Massignon 1984, No. 106:244-247; ladins [ the sacristy stole a pig from the priest; to know for sure, he put his mother in the chest, asked the sacristy to hold the chest for several days; sitting in the chest, the old woman heard everything about the pig; but the sacristy opened the chest and put a lump of bread down the old woman's throat so that she suffocated; the priest believed that her mother was simply choking; the sacristy dug up his body and put a priest at the pigsty; he thought that the deceased got up, asked the sacristy to bury her, forgiving the pig; the deceased reappeared at the bins; the sacristy was paid again for the funeral; then he put the body in the merchant's box, the merchant opened his a chest in a priest's house; a sacristy buried a corpse in a deep grave for gold]: Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 123:323-126.

Western Europe. The French (Provence) [Janoti asks his mother to give him a pea, goes on a journey; the usual sequence is chicken, pig, ox; gravediggers give him a woman's fresh corpse for an ox; he left him near the castle as if a woman was washing something; says that his wife stayed to wash; a girl was sent for her, the corpse fell into the pond, J. got the girl; after marrying her, J. becomes important by master]: Cosquin 1887:208; the French (Haute-Brittany) []: Sébillot 1894, No. 52:343; the Bretons [The Grand Monk (BM) has many bulls and the Little Monk (MM) has only one; BM offers slaughter the first to return home; the only MM bull returned; MM carried his skin to the bazaar; heard the robbers sharing money; put on a skin with horns, rushed at the robbers, who were terrified ran away, leaving the money; MM said he got it by the skin; BM stabbed all the bulls, asked for a lot of money for their skins, he was driven away; MM's mother died, he took her to town to sell; put her at pear tree, the owner shot the thief, MM accused him of murder, received money; then put his mother's body on his blind horse, the horse crushed the pots, the potter hit the person sitting on the horse, MM accused him of murder, got the money again; BM killed his mother, went to sell; he was hanged, his corpse was burned; MM became the Grand Monk of the Abbey]: Luzel 1887 (5), No. 5:426-438; Germans (Switzerland, canton Valais) [11 rich men and one poor man; the rich broke the windows of the poor man's house; he collected the pieces in a bag, spent the night in the inn, said he had valuables in his bag; at night, the owners untied the bag and noticed glitter, they thought there were diamonds, replaced them with gold coins; the poor man came back and said he had sold the fragments; the rich broke their windows, went to sell the shards, they were ridiculed; they stabbed the poor man's cow; he went to sell his skin; he was going to spend the night under the spruce tree, but heard voices and climbed onto the spruce tree; under it two robbers hid from the rain, began to count the gold; the poor man dropped his skin, the robbers they ran, the gold went to the poor man; he bought two cows; told the rich that he had sold the skin; the rich killed their cows, they did not sell their skins, killed the poor man's wife; he brought her in a box, said it was there valuables, sold the box for 250 kroner; told the rich that if he had another wife, he would have sold her corpse; they killed their wives, took them to sell them, they were captured and tried for murder]: Jegerlehner 1913, No. 150: 134-136; Dutch, Germans (Pomerania, Silesia), Frisians: Uther 2004 (2), No. 1537:272-273; Scots [Domhnull has a mother; two neighbors angry at him threw her into a well; D. pulled it out, dressed it better, put it on the edge of a well in the courtyard of the royal castle; the servant accidentally pushed the body, it fell into the well, D. began to scream, accusing the servant of murder; received from the king abundant reimbursement]: Campbell at Cosquin 1886:226.

Western Asia. Syria: El-Shamy 2004, No. 1537:845; Saudia [Hyena has children; Lisa imitates Hyena, asking them to open the door; the elder asks the imaginary mother to stick her tail in the crack, he turns out to be tough; hyenyata they say that their mother smears her tail with egg white every night; the fox does the same, the hyenyats open it, but they hide, the Fox does not find them; decides to leave, puts her grandmother on a donkey, she fell, died; Lisa lets them in a donkey in the field, putting a dead grandmother on it, the owner drives the donkey, Lisa says that he killed her grandmother; Lisa receives a ransom, lives well]: Lebedev 1990, No. 1:23-26 (=Juhaiman 1999:186-189); mehri [Abu Nuwas sees how people buried an old woman; dug up the corpse, clothed it, came to the house where the owner's son is sick; said his mother can heal; left her at the door; said she is in a trance, she needs her hit lightly; the slaves hit, it fell apart; the owner wanted to give slaves in return, but the NA took money and food]: Stroomer 1999, No. 65:169-170; jibbali [someone gave Abu Nuvas grain, he came to the girl, asked for roast, demanded back, got a ram; brought him to the house where the cow tied it to a cow, she trampled it, he was given a bull; in the same way he exchanged the goby for a donkey, a donkey for camel; people bury the old woman, he said it was his mother, let the camel be stabbed; demanded her back; the people left, the NA took the old woman, came to the Sultan, said that his mother, the maid, remained at the door took her food, the corpse fell, the NA said that his mother was killed, the Sultan gave him jewelry, the NA took it away, buried the old woman]: Müller 1907, No. 2:4-7.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Eastern Tibetans (Sichuan) [reprinted in Commissioner 1997:207-208; Aku-Tembe's mother died; he put her corpse at the door of someone else's house; the owner pushed the door, the corpse fell; AT said he killed the mother, the owner gave money; AT put the corpse on the bridge, a basket of grass on his back; the caravan went, the donkey reached for the grass, the corpse fell; the caravan had to pay off; the corpse in a foreign field, the owner left the stone, the corpse fell, AT said he killed his mother, took the money]: Potanin 1914, No. 17.9:412, 413 [AT was the incarnation of the god Arya-Balo]; Lavrung [Blo ring and Zæn tşi together own gold statue; B. tells the mother to hide among the pines, leads Z., asks who owns the statue, the deity (i.e. mother B.) replies that B.; H. sets fire to the forest, mother B. dies; B. brings the corpse to the king's house, dogs ate the corpse, B. accuses the king of murder, gets gold, cattle; Z. kills his mother, carries her meat to be sold, the king orders him to be beaten; H. burns B.'s house; he puts ash in a bag on top of two butterflies, tells the children not to open the king's house; they open, butterflies fly away, B. says that valuables are gone, receives compensation; Z. burns down his house, sells ash, is beaten]: G.yu lha 2012:53-55; north- Eastern Tibetans (Amdo) ["there is a Tangut version along with Kazakh and Mongolian"]: Potanin 1919a: 30; Khasi [Tiger is chosen as king of animals; he hears sounds made by a little one insects, asks the Monkeys who sing so well; out of mischief, the Monkey boy says that this is his sister; the Tiger demands her as a wife; Monkeys make a girl out of clay, the head is separate from the body; the wife under with a veil, does not answer, Monkeys advise pulling the rope, the head falls, the Monkeys accuse the Tiger of killing; since then, with the tech veil, does not answer, Monkeys advise pulling the rope, head falls, Monkeys accuse Tiger of murdertigers are afraid of monkeys]: Rafy 1920, No. 7:37-42; kachins: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 40 [wife teaches Bodo to make a trap; he sits on the roof (play on words); puts a trap in the forest, a deer falls, B. releases it, thinking it's someone else's calf; the wife says that if B. sees a big one and a yellow one, let him drag him home; B. drags the monk; his wife tells us to honor the monks, B. bows to the tiger; goes to trade, thinks he's gone far, surprised that the woman she meets looks like his wife; buys the old man's corpse, puts it on the road, says his grandfather is unwell; the wagon is not manages to turn, merchants give oxen and goods for an allegedly killed old man]: 134-136; Gilhodes 1909, No. 39 [Phungru Latang sells a slave, he behaves like a madman, PL kills him on the road; comes to Shan village; a child has just died there; he eats chicken at night, puts feathers in the child's mouth; everyone believes that the chicken was eaten by a dead man, gives it to PL; bulls step on the dead, PL tells their owners that they killed a child, gets horses, bulls, drums, etc.; goes with his good; a slave is killed on the way, the animals stop, the drums are silent; you have to give the chicken to worms to eat the corpse; worms become spirits of diseases]: 111-122; (cf. ao [the father is dead, the brothers are left with the mother; the youngest weeds instead of weeds; when instructed to wash the mother, pours boiling water on her to death; does not bury her, but leaves the corpse on the road; buries her a man drinking water in a spring alive; crumbling his mother's corpse to pieces; the older brother was sleeping, a worm crawled on him, the younger shot a worm, killing his brother; then killed a tiger with a gun]: Smith 1926, No. 20:384- 385).

Burma - Indochina. Shany [the poor fisherman caught only a frog, walked through the village, was invited into the house, he said he was afraid that the rooster would bite the frog; he was promised to give the rooster if this happened; at night he the frog fed the rooster; in another house: I'm afraid your dead man will eat my rooster; smeared the dead man's mouth with cock blood, buried a rooster, got a dead body; in the third house: I'm afraid your elephants will trample a patient who is with me; puts his body to a white elephant, gets an elephant, becomes rich]: Milne 1910:239-241; ahem [mother dies, then father; boy hugged his father, tied himself to his body; the demon took the body, flew to his place; the demon's son wants to eat, the mother sends prey to eat his eyes, the living boy opens his eyes, the demon child is scared; next time the boy says they are both with his father slept, and now demons have killed his father; demons are frightened, give the boy wealth, return them to earth; when he finds out about this, the manager's son poisoned his father, tied himself to his body; the demon carried them, the young man screams to him be careful, the demon throws the loot, the young man crashes]: Lindell et al. 1978, No. 10:94-96.

South Asia. Kumaoni [Bhawáni is a hard-working man, his half-brother Shankar is lazy and envious; he killed an ox B.; he covered his skin with sand, climbed a tree in the forest, and robbers stopped under a tree, B. threw off his skin, the robbers ran away, leaving behind the loot; B. said he sold the skin at a high price; S. slaughtered his oxen, went to sell sandskins, he was beaten; he killed B.'s mother and burned down his house; B. collected the ash in bags, took it with his mother's body; a rich man met her, decided to eat together; B. asked for food to his mother, she is silent, the man threw a plate at her, the body fell, he paid for murder; B. told his brother that he sold his mother's body and ash; that S. did not receive money for the skins because he did not choose the right time; S. turned to the pandita for this, burned down the house, killed his mother, took him to sell it, he was beaten; S. put B. in a bag, dragged him to drown, left the bag by the river; B. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in Shiva's magic bag; the shepherd changed places, drowned; B. brought the herd, said that from the bottom, that S.'s mother sends greetings; S. gave B. all his cattle to throw them into the water; drowned]: Crooke 1895, No. 198:82-83; Muria [Tarang's younger brother, the eldest is Kana; mother asks T. to warm up for she takes a shower, he pours boiling water on her; puts the corpse at the Raja fence; the Raja pushes the old woman, K. accuses him of murder, gets his daughter as his wife; the oxs' bells are ringing, tarang is tiring, T. thinks that oxen mock, kill them; K. tells him to take meat home, not show Raja's daughter; T. kills her, puts meat in her mouth; brothers run, meet 12 women; T. weeds rice for them, but receives food, begins to weed out rice stalks; he is sent to watch the baby; he makes him bait to catch crabs; both brothers run away; T. sucks buffalo milk, cuts off his nipple; brothers are hired work; the owner to choose: to pay a spoon or plate of food; K. agrees to a spoon, works hard, loses weight, admits that he lost, the owner cuts his skin off the back of his head; T. does nothing, brings to as a plate, a lotus leaf on which a lot of rice is placed; the owner admits to being a loser, T. cuts off his skin]: Elwin 1944, No. 9.2:271-274; buffalo maria [the lender came to to the debtor, only a little son at home; - The father went to cover the thorns with thorns, the mother to make a big one out of a small one, the sister to make two out of one; the lender forgave the debt and paid extra to find out what the boy meant; the father went to make a barbed fence around the garden where the prickly brinjal was planted; the mother went to the cotton field, pulled the seeds out of the cotton wool; the sister went to rub the peas (each pea splits into two halves); when the parents returned, the boy did not give them the 20 rupees they received; then they decided to kill him; they took him to fish with poison, pushed him into the water, the big fish swallowed him, but by themselves she was poisoned and washed ashore; the tiger came to drink, hears sounds, asks who is bothering him; boy: I'm the one who is brushing my teeth with a palm tree panicle, eating tiger tails; the tiger asks him to spare him; the boy: carefully rip the fish's belly and go to the other side of the river; kill the deer there (? sambhar), leave me one leg and go without looking back; the boy brought a deer leg to the old lady; cut off all the meat, said it was bones, you can chew them now; and we'll give the meat (actually bone) to my grandfather when he came; the old man swallowed the imaginary meat, the bone was stuck in his throat, the old woman tried to push it in, and the old man suffocated to death; the old woman promised money if the boy saved her dead body; that took the body to someone's garden; the owner thought it was a thief, hit him with a stick, the body fell into a well; boy: you will be responsible for the murder of my grandfather; the gardener paid money for silence; having received money from a gardener and an old woman, the boy saw a bear by the road; he came behind and put a few coins in his ass; a Muslim merchant believed that the bear was defecating with silver; boy: I'll ride your horse I'll take the money, and you can take whatever comes out in my absence; the boy rode off on the merchant's horse and never came back; the girl washed the Raja's clothes; boy: Raja sent me to pick up his clothes - it doesn't matter , washed or not; the girl gave it away, the boy dressed up as a raja; the old woman led her granddaughter to the river; boy: my grandfather sent me for her; he put the girl on a horse, rode to people, promised to eat a goat on a bet and a pot of rice, a bride as collateral, and if she eats, she will receive a girl from the Kalar caste; quietly dumped food into a hole, got a girl; he now has two of them; brought them to an empty house; everyone who came there by chance he deceived; the young man let them in (they did not recognize him in the dark) on the condition that no one would relieve themselves at night, otherwise he would kill them; those who came thought that the local spirit was talking to them; when they fell asleep, the young man smeared crap on everyone's clothes; when they smelled, those who came ran away; the young man built a palace and became a raja]: Elwin 1944, No. VIII.12:262-266 (Zograf translation 1971, No. 74:271-275); Santals: Bodding 1929, No. 80 [The king's eldest wife has 6 sons, the youngest has a mongoose son; the father gives his sons money to trade; Mongoose does not buy horses, but a donkey, but profitably; the brothers burn his house; he fills the bag with ashes, carries to sell, spends the night under a tree, tells merchants who come up not to take away his bag of gold; merchants replace the bag with their own, Mongoose brings it to his mother, there are rice and money; brothers burn their houses, they cannot sell ash; Mongoose's mother is killed; he leaves the corpse by the road, merchants run over him, believe he has run over a woman, they give buffaloes, Mongoose tells the brothers he bought them by selling the corpse; they kill their wives cannot sell corpses; Mongoose feeds the donkey rupees, collects them from its manure; brothers hit their horses in the ass with hammers, they die; brothers put Mongoose in a palanquin to drown in the Ganges; he speaks to a passerby that they want to marry him; a passerby takes his place, drowned; seeing Mongoose alive, the brothers ask him to drown them; Mongoose reigns]: 145-173; Campbell 1891 [the deceiver puts his dead wife in a bag, puts a buffalo on his back, lets him into the wonderful field, the owner beats the buffalo, the deceiver accuses him of killing his wife, receives a ransom; tells seven brothers that he sold the corpse; seven brothers kill their wives, go to sell , they are driven]: 99-101; ho [the raja wants to lime the potter to take possession of his wife; orders to bring the heads of 24 jackals; the potter digs a hole, answers the jackal that it will rain fiery soon; agrees to let the jackals into the hole to wait out the disaster; then says that the rain of fire is over; the jackals go out one by one, the potter cuts off each head; the last 24th jackal dodged; the potter smeared himself with gur, pretended to be dead; the escaped jackal suspects deception, but the other begins to lick the gur, the potter killed him; the Raja orders him to bring tiger milk; the potter fed the cubs bread, so I liked it, the tigress gave her milk herself in exchange for bread; the Raja asked the potter's wife to lime it; she asked the idol to blind his husband; the potter found out about this, answered, hiding behind an idol, then he pretended to be blind; at night, the Raja came, the potter killed both; placed the Raja's corpse on the neighbor's site; he mistook him for a thief, hit him on the head; the potter advised the frightened neighbor to drop him the body is a Goala buffalo; he thought the thief was stealing buffalo milk, hit the body on the head; the potter advised him to lower the corpse into the well; the brahman found the corpse; before cremation, the potter hid; then said on behalf of the Raja spirit that he was appointing the potter as his successor]: Bompas 1909, No. 22:480-483; Sinhalese [seven brothers work in the field, seven sisters come looking for husbands , the brothers married them; the wives left the rice to dry on the mats, told the sister of the seven brothers to watch; she fell asleep, the mats were wet, the brothers' wives drove the girl away; she began to live under a tamarind tree; gave birth to a son, and each wife gave birth to a daughter; the sister consistently asks the brothers to know the horoscope for her son; everyone refuses, the youngest agrees; the astrologer says that the son will become famous, but will bring misfortune for all cousins, but the brother tells his sister that her son will eat her; the sister refuses to kill the boy; he grew up, his name is Tamarind Tikka; fills with a tiny amount of flour or butter big pot; consistently asks his uncle to marry his daughters; everyone drives him, but the youngest knows his horoscope and agrees; TT revives the buffalo, his herd multiplies; envious brothers slaughtered his cattle, they said that robbers attacked; TT took off and took away the skins, threw it away, dug up a fresh corpse, came to some people, asked to spend the night, said his grandfather was with him; the women at home began to drive away the bulls, "grandfather "fell, the owners gave 7 measures of gold for him; TT tells his uncles that he got gold for their skins; they slaughtered their bulls, no one bought their skins; the uncle put TT in a bag, walked away; TT tells the shepherd that is in a bag to heal his lower back; he changes places with TT, TT picks up the herd, uncles throw the bag into the water; TT brings the herd, says it's from the bottom of the river; uncles agreed to TT throw them in bags into the water; their wives and daughters rushed to find out why they were being detained; TT received all the property]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 173:388-393.

China - Korea. Koreans [the unfaithful husband returned at night and found his wife's dead drunk lover; told his wife to drag the body, brought her lover to the house; pretending to be a husband, tells him to open it, otherwise he threatens to hang himself; wife: well, hang yourself; hangs her body at the gate, simulating suicide]: Choi 1979, No. 686:304-305.

The Balkans. Hungarians [Kolozh Maly has one horse, Bolshoi has 4; they are harnessed together and the KM field is plowed on Sundays; KB: don't say "my horses", yours is only one; KM says KB killed his horse; KM brought the skin into the city; saw through the window that the woman had a lover; hides; the husband came, the KM went out, went into the house with him, the lover was already in the chest; KM says that he has things in his bag: meat in the stove, wine behind the closet, the chest is a demon; the owner bought a thing for gold, KM took the demon to drown, he paid off with gold; at home KM sends his son to the design bureau to measure money, they say, sold the skin; KB killed four horses; at night he wanted to kill KM , killed his mother; KM brings the body to the tavern, says that his mother is deaf; she was pushed, KM received gold for the murder; said he sold the dead old woman; the KB killed his mother, he was imprisoned; when he left, carried the KM in a bag to drown; leaving the bag, went to church; the KM tells the shepherd that he is being carried to the kingdom of heaven; the shepherd swapped places, drowned; the KM brought the herd, says that from the bottom; the KB tells him drown; drowned]: Ortutai 1974, No. 27:344-349; KB tells him to drown; drowned]: Ortutai 1974, No. 27:344-349; Bulgarians [the poor family stabs the only ox to give the villagers a feast, but then no one invites the organizers of the feast; or the younger brother borrowed from the older horse to plow, he died from work, and the elder returned only his skin; when he went to sell the skin, the poor man accidentally got rich (threw him off the tree under which the robbers were sitting, they ran away, leaving the loot; or enters the house where the mistress has a lover; pretends that he has an omniscient feature in his horse skin; from his name indicates where the hostess hid food and drinks, where the "devil" (lover) is hidden; gets money from the owner and lover; or sells leather at a wedding for a drum; when he returns, he says he sold skin in the bazaar; neighbors slaughter their cattle, but cannot sell their skins; they throw crap at the man's yard; he collects it in bags, stays with the khan (priest) and says that the royal treasury is in bags; if they open, gold will turn into crap; the bags were opened, the person was given gold instead of crap; the man's wife died or was killed by neighbors (the younger brother killed the elder's wife); the cunning (older brother) puts the corpse on a donkey and accuses the person who pushed the body (a person in the field, in the garden, in a tavern, at a wedding) of murder; in return receives a girl or money; says that he exchanged the deceased for a living (sold for money); neighbors killed his wives; the cunning man is put in a bag to drown in the sea, left for a while; he screams that he does not want to marry the princess, the shepherd agrees to take his place; the cunning man has brought a herd of sheep, says that he got it at the bottom; the neighbors are drowning]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 1535:491-493; the Greeks [when dying, the father left two bulls to his two eldest sons, and a skinny cow to the youngest stupid Trianniscia; he stabbed her, dried her skin, and went, knocking on it like a drum; the robbers shared the loot, thought the gendarmes were coming, ran away; T. took the money, told the brothers what he had received for the skin; they stabbed their own bulls, they began to ask for a hundred ducats for their skin, they were arrested; when they were released, they went to kill T.; at this time he dug up an old woman who had just been buried, put her on a horse, left him outside the inn, saying that he would go to church himself; when he returned, he began to scandal - his mother was killed; the owner gave him one of his daughters; the brothers put T. in a bag, carried him to drown, left him, and went to church themselves; T. changed with the shepherd {no reason specified}, the shepherd was drowned, T. returned to his brothers]: Legrand 1881:178-180; Slovenes, Romanians, Albanians: Uther 2004 (2), No. 1537:272-273.

Central Europe. Russians (Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Voronezh, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Ryazan, Tula, etc.), Ukrainians (Volyn, Galicia, Yekaterinoslavskaya, Poltava, etc.), Belarusians [Dead body: a fool takes his murdered mother (often killed by himself), puts the corpse in someone else's cellar (on someone else's horse, leans against someone else's window); each time a new face (pop, rich man, master) accused of the culprit of her death; the fool takes compensation from them]: SUS 1979, No. 1537:315-316; Russians (Karelian Pomorie, Kolezhma; a brief summary of the text from the archive of the Karelian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences) [fool passes off the skin of a murdered heifer as a sorceress; at a rich man's bed, he finds the mistress's lover, receives a lot of money for it; brothers, envious of a fool, kill their cattle, do not receive money; they want to kill a fool, a mother is mistakenly killed; a fool carries his mother's corpse to church, accuses the priest of her death; a frightened pop gives the fool money, asks to keep a secret; the brothers take revenge on the fool; they die themselves]: Razumova, Senkina 1974, No. 485:400; Russians (Moscow) [third brother is a fool; put a trap near the cellar; my mother got caught, died; a fool to my brothers: what kind of bird I caught; took me on a sled to bury, on the bridge towards the wagon train, the sled fell; fool: the sovereign's spinner was killed! the merchants paid off with money; the brothers sent them to buy spoons, pots, millet, and a table for the funeral; the fool put pots on the stakes (they stand without hats), poured millet into the daws (grandmother's children wanted to eat); the gate they creak (hungry, poured millet into the last two pots, put spoons); threw the table - let him go; you have to give the horse a drink, there is no deck near the well; passer-by: hooks to make it lower; fool first cut off the horse's front legs, and then the back legs; put the braga, she murmurs; the fool thinks he's teasing; he poured everything out, swims around the room in a trough; a fool is sent to a wake; he calls men without wives and children; sent for wives; then for children; he gathered them, decided that they were black, threw everything into boiling water, put on shirts - now white; this fool did leprosy like this]: Vedernikova, Samorodova 1998, No. 95:237-239; Russians (Gorkovskaya) [the old man decided to teach his unfaithful wife a lesson; said that there was a hollow tree in the forest, it was radiant; the mother of God said she would fulfill your wife's every wish; voice from hollows: you have to feed the old man sweet porridge and pancakes, he will go blind; the old man pretended to be blind; lies on the stove, asks his wife for a gun; shot his lover; the wife asks for forgiveness; the neighbors have a wedding, the old man pokes the corpse through the window, it was pushed; the newlyweds believe that someone was killed; they put the corpse on the cart and let the horse go; on the threshing floor, they hit the cart, they also think they killed a person; they threw the body into the river, fishermen they caught; one took his boots, cut off his legs; spent the night with the old people, and in the morning threw his feet to a calf; the old people believe that their calf was eaten by the traveler; they decided to burn down the house, but they left themselves]: Borovik, Mirer 1939, No. 24:35-38 ; Ukrainians (Poltava, Romensky district) [Rich Mikola and poor Mikolka become cronies, the former has stallions, the other has one nag. Mikolka asks to borrow his godfather's horses to plow, people report to Mikola, he is angry, kills the oath, and takes his horses. Mikolka takes her skin to the fair in Sokirivka. On the way, she asks to spend the night, but the sick hostess does not let him in, he climbs into the barn, sees that a pop is visiting her, then her husband comes back, hides the snack on the stove, and her butt in the box. Mikolka asks the owner to let him in, he lets him in. Mikolka presses the skin under the table - says that there are treats on the stove, then that devils are in the house, points to the chest, the owner instantly cuts the "patched" priest with an ax. The owner gives Mikolka a few measures of gold in gratitude for the spell. His wife takes a measure of gold from Mikola, who discovers coins stuck in the measure, and Mikola explains that he became rich selling horse skin. Mikola skins horses, but sells them for 3 rubles and wants to slaughter Mikolka. He realizes the plan of the godfather, puts his mother in his place, takes her to the fair with her head severed off in the morning, attaches her head to her body, asks the kvass to bring her mother kvass, which touches her head, she falls, he asks Mikola not to tell anyone what happened, pays in gold. Goes back to his wife, repeat with a measure. Mikola repeats the godfather's actions again, cuts her mother and daughter, takes him to the fair, and takes him to a madhouse. A month later they let go, want to drown the godfather, puts him in a bag, leaves him at the church. Mikola shouts that he is being sent to heaven in a bag, and a master rides by, ready to switch seats with him. Mikola leaves with her wealth in a carriage, Mikola throws her master into the water. At home, she discovers that her godfather is alive and rich again, Mikolka says that he pulled the cattle by the horns from under the water. Mikola asks his wife to throw him into the water in a deeper place]: Gnedic 1916, No. 1514:37-40; Poles, Slovaks: Uther 2004 (2), No. 1537:272-273.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars [with a scythe advises forty bald cows to herd not together, but in turn; they do not want to herd themselves, but leaves their cow in the herd; the bald ones kill it; the scythe carries to sell the skin, stops at the woman; the vizier enters, the woman hides him, kills him with a scythe, fills him with boiling bacon; the hostess pays gold to remove the corpse with a scythe; he puts it outside the house; the hostess's husband thinks it is a thief, he pierces a knife, fears that he has killed the vizier; takes gold with a scythe, takes the corpse away, throws it off the minaret, people are afraid that they will accuse them, they also give gold to the scythe, he throws the corpse into the sea; says bald that he received gold, selling belts; bald ones cut their cows, make belts, no one buys them; they carry an oblique to drown; he advises going to the forest for sticks to beat him first; tells the shepherd that he is being kept in bag until he agrees to become a padishah; the shepherd changes slanting, beaten and drowned; the bald believe that the scythe has caught the herd at the bottom; tell him to drown them]: Zarubin, Zarubin, Zarubin 1991:41-48; Stavropol Turkmens [the poor man found a bone, wrapped it in a rag, told friends not to take meat; unfolded it, accused the owners of stealing the meat, received a young lamb in return; left it in in the pen, stabbed him at night, smeared the lips of the master's sheep with blood, said that they ate his sheep, got 9 sheep, exchanged them for a dead girl, put kibitki at the bars, the hostess pulled her sleeve, she fell, the poor man accused the owners of murder, received a herd of horses and a young daughter]: Bagriy 1930 (2): 95-96; the Adygs [mother bequeaths her son (Khoje) after her death, before burying her, show her to people; literally fulfilling his will, the son carries the corpse home; at the prince's house he accuses him of murdering his mother; to avoid trial, the prince gives his daughter to Hoje; Khozha says that in a neighboring village they change the dead to the living; a neighbor kills mother, but fails]: Tkhamokova 2014, No. 1537:207; Abazins [Khoja picked up an old lamb shoulder; came to the shepherds, asked permission to put the meat he had brought into the common cauldron, put his shoulder blade under the meat, said that the shepherd's meat ate his meat, got a ram by the shoulder; leaves it in a pen with other sheep, stabbed him at night, smeared the lips of the ten best sheep with blood, got 10 sheep for that they ate his sheep; changes them to the deceased, whom they are carrying to bury; put the body at the princely gate, the three princesses take turns inviting her into the house, the youngest pulls her sleeve, the deceased fell, Hoxha says that his wife was killed, gets married to the prince's youngest daughter]: Tugov 1985, No. 124:339-342; Ingush [60 Aarhustoyans and Tsazik have a bull; the Otkhustoyans killed the bull Ts; he put his bones in a bag, came to people who row gold with a shovel; doubts whether his bag of gold will be safe; in the morning he says that gold has been replaced with bones; he is given a bag of gold; he tells the Aarhus that he sold the bones; they they stabbed the bulls, sold nothing, they came to beat C.; he screams - hit, but don't touch his mother; they killed his mother to spite him; he put the body dressed by the bride in front of the widow's house, who has three daughters; went into house, said he left his bride by the river; the girl came up to her, she fell into the river; the widow gave her eldest daughter to Tsazik; he says he traded the dead old woman for a girl; Aarhustoyans killed mothers, went to change , they were driven away; C. asks not to throw him into the river, putting him on a board; that's exactly what they did to him; C. swims, agrees to the shepherd's offer to save him, but let him give him one ram; at night stabbed the sheep, smeared the faces of all 60 sheep from the shepherd's herd with blood, who gave them to him; C. said he had received the sheep from the mother of water; the Aarhus drowned; their wives chased Ts, and he told the merchant to a Jew that women want to be his wives; a Jew changed clothes with Ts; he was killed and Ts took the goods]: Sadulaev 2004, No. 123:325-329; Nogais: Kapaev 2012 [Aldar-Kose found an old dog's shoulder blade ; staying in one house, he put his shoulder blade in the common pot, saying that he had put meat there; when he was served this bone at dinner, he became indignant that the owners had eaten the meat; he was given lamb; in another house stabbed and buried a lamb, smeared 7 sheep with blood, the owner gave 7 sheep; in the third house, AK exchanged the owner's dying daughter for 7 sheep; came to feast at the khan's wedding, the girl died, AK said that her strangled, the khan gave the girl alive; then changed her to a white ox with an arba; drove it around and sang a song about what he did]: 27-28; Nogai 1979, No. 32 [six brothers burn a new arba made seventh (he has a different mother); he takes coals covered with row coals to the city, says that he is carrying Khan's gold, if anyone looks, it will become coals; the Khan's sons look, fill the arba with gold; the brothers burn their arbs, they laugh at them; they kill the wife of the seventh, who carries the corpse, says that Khan's beautiful daughter is under the row; the brothers put him in a bag to throw him into the sea; he shouts that he does not want to be khan; the shepherd offers to change; the brothers drown the shepherd, the seventh returns with the herd, says he brought it from the bottom; the brothers drown]: 147-149; Terek Cossacks (v. Ardonskaya) [Peter has three horses, Petrushka has one; while plowing, Petrushka shouts that his horses are; Peter kills Petrushka's horse; he carries her skin to the city to sell her skin; goes to the hut, asks to let her go spend the night; the hostess allows you to stay in the yard; the owner arrives; Petrushka sees that the hostess's lover is hiding in the chest; the owner invites Petrushka into the house; he says he has horse skin a magician who knows what they have in their house; the owner asks to speak; Petrushka pushes the skin, it makes a noise; Petrushka: the magician said that there is vodka and fried chicken behind the stove; the hostess who cooked them for her lover, replies that she forgot to get them; Petrushka drinks and eats with the owner; pushes his skin again; assures that there is a devil in the chest; agrees to kick him out for the measure of gold; having received an award, rides a master's cart with a chest to the sea; lets his lover go for silver; comes home, sends his son to Peter for a measure; Peter smears its bottom with glue; Petrushka measures money, returns the measure, to on the bottom of which several coins are stuck; Peter asks where the money comes from; he replies that he sold his horse's skin for a measure of silver; Peter rips off his horses, takes them to the city, tries to sell them for the same price; they laugh at him; he comes to Petrushka at night to kill him; kills his mother-in-law, with whom he changed places; Petrushka puts her on a cart and supports her with chopsticks; drives up to the dukhan, drinks; the strangler offers a glass to his mother-in-law, pushes her, she falls; Petrushka accuses him of murder; the strangler gives a measure of silver, buries his mother-in-law at his own expense; Petrushka sends his son to Peter for measure; he sees coins stuck to the bottom, asks where the money comes from; Petrushka replies that he sold his mother-in-law; Peter kills his wife, takes her to the city; after leaving prison, he puts Petrushka in a bag and carries her to drown in sea; walks into church on the way, leaves the bag at the fence; Petrushka says to an old man passing by: "Lord, I'm still young, and I'm being taken to heaven!" ; the old man is jealous, gives Petrushka his cattle, climbs into a bag; Peter throws them into the sea; sees Petrushka with his cattle; Petrushka: "Have you seen bulbs? I'm the one who picked cattle from the sea. Y! How much of it is there!" ; Peter asks to throw him into the sea, reaches the shore himself; Petrushka throws him into the water and returns home]: Gusev 1893:358-363; Kumyks: Aliyeva 2012, No. 82 [Kulbay's wife has a cadiy lover; she asks him how to poison his husband, buys a potion, puts his husband in his food; he guesses and does not eat, but says he feels bad; cadia comes; falls asleep with his mouth open; K. poured boiling oil into his mouth, Kadi is dead; the wife is in panic; K. puts the corpse on the current, the watchman thinks it is a thief, shoots; calls K. to help him get rid of the body; K. takes money from him, hides the corpse under the carpet in the mosque; they gather parishioners find the dead man, the name is K.; he says that the murderer is a woman with no cowards; this is K.'s wife, she is being executed], 88 [Lonely Yankylak prepared firewood, Nine Tonkullaks burned them; OYA collected coals , said he was selling gold, found the treasury, got rich; diesel fuel burned their arbs, went to sell coal, they were beaten; they killed OYA's mother; he brought the body to another village, leaned against the door, the girl opened it, the body fell, OYA said she was killed, got a girl in return; said he traded for a dead mother; DT killed their mothers, went to sell, they were beaten; they put OYA in a bag, left them on a cliff; OYA says a shepherd who is sitting in a bag because he does not want to become a kadiy; DT threw the bag off the cliff into the water; OYA returned {obviously with sheep}, he was left alone]: 372-373, 399-400; Barsov 1882, No. 3 [man named Tambiy took the lamb to the forest to graze, and it was eaten by a wolf; T. grabbed the wolf; he asked him not to kill, promised to tear the shepherd apart and bring the flock; T. left one ram to the wolf, brought the others to him; said that he left a lamb in the forest, and a month later it multiplied; the neighbors took the sheep into the forest, they were eaten by wolves; T.'s mother was killed; he brought her to another village, left her standing at the gate; he was invited to lunch; T . said that his mother was ashamed; she was pushed, T. accused the owners of murder, received two girls; told neighbors that in that village they give two girls for one dead man; residents discovered the dead, took them; returned; put T. in a bag to throw him into the sea; leaving the bag, went to beat T. for sticks; T. shouts: I don't want to be a khan; the shepherd changed places with him; he was thrown into the sea, T. brought a flock, said from the bottom; neighbors allowed themselves to be drowned; T. left one girl and married her]: 129-132; Dargin residents: Aliyeva 2012, No. 85 [Nakrikutsul ("melody" + "ladle") sees that the mill was built like this so that there would be a lot of flour under the millstone, broke the millstone, took the flour; for this, the rich killed his mother; he placed the body outside the mullah's house, hid part of the food in the house in his pockets for his mother; the mullah sent his daughter call mother N., N.: she is deaf, you have to push; the body has fallen, N. says that the mother was killed, gets a mullah's daughter and an arba of goodness; tells the rich that girls and gold are given for murdered mothers; they kill their own mothers, they laugh at them; they burned down N.'s house, he filled bags with ash, put a gold coin, stopped in a neighboring village, said that his gold was replaced with ash, the owners found one coin, believed it, gave gold; the rich burned their houses, brought them to exchange ash for gold, they were beaten; the rich carried N. to drown in the sea; he says he hid gold behind the rock; they threw the bag, ran to look for gold; N. says to a shepherd who is sitting in a bag because he does not want to become the head of the village; the shepherd changes places with him, he is drowned, N. brings a herd, says that there are many sheep at the bottom; the rich jumped into the sea and drowned; their wives tied N. to the support of the house, ran for axes; N. says he was tied because he did not want to be a kadiy; a potter passing by asks to be tied; women hacked him down; N. brought him home pots]: 390-393; Amirov 1878 [Mullah Nasreddin offended his jamaat with something; then, in his absence, his house was turned into a latrine; when N. returned, he collected the crap, dried it, filled his bags and brought it to the city under the guise of a mouse repellent; sold everything in two days; the residents of the village collected all the crap and also took them to the city; at this time, a messenger arrived from the city asking: how to use the powder; N.: catch a mouse and pour powder into her eyes; the messenger returned and told her; at this time, the villagers brought their crap; they were beaten; when they returned, they killed N.'s mother; he brought the corpse to a wealthy house and made it look like the old woman is alive; N. takes two servings at lunch - for her mother, she is embarrassed to enter; they sent her daughter to call her; the corpse fell into the river; the girl was given for N.; he said that he changed the corpse for a girl in the city; fellow villagers killed old women, brought them to the city; they were driven away with clubs; they burned N.'s house; he collected the coals in bags, putting several silver coins on the bottom of each; went to the city, stayed with a rich man Jew, in the morning he began to shout that he had been robbed; judge: if there was money, then something was left at the bottom; as it turned out, the judge ordered to fill the bags with silver; N. said that he sold the coals; the residents burned their at home, they brought coals, poisoned them with dogs; the residents decided to drown N.; he ran, told the shepherd that he was being chased to make him king; the shepherd agreed to change clothes; the shepherd was drowned, N. brought rams - from the bottom; all residents drowned]: 37-41; Rutultsy [Kechal ("bald") filled the bag with coal, poured sugar on top, came to visit, shouted that his sugar had been stolen, he was given a bag of sugar; at home K. said he exchanged coal for sugar; the villagers tried in vain to sell coal; K. says: kill me, but don't set fire to the house; it was left alive, the house was set on fire, K.'s mother died in it; K. brought the body went to a neighboring village, leaned against the wall; the owners' daughter ran to call her, the body fell, K. said that his mother was killed, received the owners' daughter for her; at home he said that girls were given for the dead; the guys killed his mothers; K. runs, says that gold is hidden in his clothes, they want to take it away from him, offers to change clothes, tells the shepherd to jump into the river; he drowned, K. brought the sheep, said that he got at the bottom of the river]: Aliyeva 2012, No. 87:397; Lezgins [Zyuhutbek ("prince of the toilet") brought the deceased mother to a neighboring village, left her as if she was standing, the owner sent his daughter for her, the support fell, Z. said that his mother was killed, got a girl, said that in a neighboring village they were changing dead mothers for girls; neighbors took their dead mothers there, they were beaten; Z. burned his house's logs for coal, went to sell them, putting a grain of gold in bags; the boys stole coal, Z. said that the bags contained gold, the khan paid him with cattle and things; Z. said that they paid dearly for each coal, and the villagers burned their at home, they began to sell coal, they were beaten; they chased Z., towards the shepherd, Z. tells him that they want to kill him (the shepherd), they change clothes; the crowd chases the shepherd, he jumps into the lake, drowns; Z. drives the herd, says that from the bottom of the lake, the villagers jumped into the lake and drowned]: Aliyeva 2012, No. 86:394-395; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988 (2), No. 134 (Kartli) [husband tells his unfaithful wife that the bazaar sells honey that causes blindness; the wife asks for such honey, the seller replies that there is {apparently by agreeing with her husband}; the wife feeds her husband honey, he pretends to be blind, ate all the honey "to No one else is blind"; the wife brings the elder lover; when she goes out and the lover dozes off, the husband poured boiling water down his throat; the wife begs her husband to get rid of the corpse; he drags him onto the balcony of the house, where the elder lived, on his behalf tells his wife to unlock, otherwise he will fall; the wife refuses, the man throws the headman off the balcony; the wife believes that he has now killed himself; the man takes money from her, takes the corpse, puts her to the mill; the miller hits the corpse, thinking that it has closed the water for it; pays the man to hide the corpse; the man drags the corpse into the bell tower, slowly rings; the priest beats him, believes that he is his killed, gives money and a donkey; the man took the corpse to the threshing floor and let the donkey into bread; the peasants began to beat the person who came; believed that they had killed, they also paid; the man kicked his wife out and healed for pleasure], 138 [ Ivanika is the elder brother and wife Tekle, Simonika is the youngest, his wife Tina; Tekle demands to separate the fool, S. and his wife were kicked out by giving him a goat; he went to sell it, sold it to the rock; when he returned, the jackals eat up goat; S. thinks that the rock invited guests to a feast; demands money; hits the rock with a stone, a casket of gold falls out of it; Tackle sends I. to sell a cow to the rock, he throws stones at the rock to no avail; burned down I.'s house, T. died, I. carried to bury, leaned the corpse against a tree, the merchant's horses knocked her down, the frightened merchant gave a pack of gold and silver, S. says he sold the deceased; I. set fire to his house, Tackle died, he went to sell it, he was beaten; he put S. in a bag, carried him to throw it off the mountain; left the bag after the hare; S. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in a pawn for not wanting to marry to a merchant daughter, a shepherd climbed instead of him, threw him off a cliff; S. brought sheep, said he was out of the abyss; I. rushed into her and died], 150 [the bell earned money at the wedding, and when he returned to his wife, it turned out that the pocket was full of holes and everything was gone; he went on a journey again, caught a magpie on the way, went to spend the night in the house where the hostess was waiting for her lover; he came, but then the husband appeared, the lover hid in wine jug; called the bell bell for dinner; he shakes forty, she gives a voice; explains that magpie indicates hidden wine; cakes; lavash; turkey; tells you to buy magpie in boiling water in a jug; poured boiling water, the hidden one died; in the morning, the bell takes money from the woman for the promise to bury her lover; put it on a donkey, let the donkey eat wheat, he was pushed, the body fell, the bell accused of killing his father, he was paid; he went into the mill, a bear broke in, the bell pressed down the millstone door; the merchant came in, opened the door, the bear ran away; the bell: by order of the king, I taught the bear to dance; the merchant gave gold and silver]: 263-266, 273-276, 298-300; Chikovani 1954, No. 50 (Kakheti) [the royal servant decided to learn a craft and chose to steal; the king ordered him to steal a horse, imprisoned one guard on the horse, told the other to hold the reins; the servant brought them food and drink, they fell asleep, he took the horse away; steal the bulls; the servant put a dirty boot on the road, clean by the water; the thieves did not take the dirty one, but Seeing clean, they went for the first boot, leaving the bulls; the servant took them away; steal the king's wife; the thief dressed the deceased in his dress, put him at the gate; the guards began to shoot; the king thought that the servant was killed, removed the guards, the thief took the queen; the devil asks to sell her to him; the servant asks for a hat of gold; the thief dug a hole, made a hole in the hat; the devil poured gold until the hole is filled, took the queen away; the king promises the thief of half the kingdom, if he returns the queen; the devil offers to compete in the run, the thief exposes his cousin, he is a hare, hides the other in his bosom; whoever shouts louder; the thief tells the devil to cover his ears with cotton wool, blindfold, hits the line on the head with a club; fight; the thief exposes the old uncle, the bear, who has destroyed the line; the thief received the queen, gold and became king himself], 61 (Phavia) [Comble wants to kill the wolf, he promises to carry him away from flocks are golden sheep; shepherds follow, the flock goes to K.; he explains that his three sheep have bred in the forest; others send sheep to the forest, wolves eat them; people burn K.'s house; he recruits a braided line of ash, puts coins on top; comes to someone else's house, demands money in the morning, gives him money; neighbors burn down their houses, try in vain to exchange ash for money; kill K.'s wife; he brings her to the house where wants to stop, leans against a tree; the owner's daughters lead her under her arms, she falls, they think they killed her; K. gets the most beautiful daughter in return; people kill wives, try in vain to exchange the dead alive; K. tells everyone to climb into holes to kill him; he hides in the central one, people chop each other], 76 (Kartley) [when he found out that his wife's elder was a lover, her husband sent her to the bazaar, but did not tell her to buy blinding honey; she asked such honey, sold her, she gave it to her husband, he pretended to be blind; the elder came; when he fell asleep, the husband poured boiling water into his mouth, the elder died; the wife asks her husband to remove the body; he brings it to the elder's wife, asks him to unlock it in his voice, otherwise she will fall off the balcony; the wife: well, fall; the man threw off the body, the headman's wife asks to take the body away, gives money; the man brought the body to the mill, closed the water, the miller hit whoever he thought he had shut off the water, thought he had killed; gave money to carry the corpse; brought it to the bell tower, started ringing, hid himself; the pop hit someone he thought was without Needs called, thought he had killed; the man received the money again, put the corpse on the donkey, left it on the threshing floor; the peasants began to beat the dead man, thought he had killed; the man received the money again, buried the dead man, drove his wife away]: 259-261, 304-306, 356-358; Armenians [the couple has a son Ahdilak, an ox and a donkey; the father called the workers to squeeze bread; A. ran to his mother: the father ordered to slaughter the ox, cook kebabs; mother in horrified, A. cuts the ox; the father came running - also terrified; A. ran to the workers: the king is coming, everyone will be poisoned, the field must be burned; burned; left on a donkey; you knocked on the house, the young hostess did not let him in; he still came in, tied a donkey; a lover came, a woman cooked a roast goose, halva, put a pot of water on the fire; the husband came, the lover hid in the well; the husband: whose donkey? wife: some guy, came in without asking; husband: call him; A. pretends to understand donkey tongue; donkey said where halva and goose are; that hot water is poisoned, it must be poured into the well; lover scalded to death; at night, a woman asks A. to help take the corpse away; A. leaves him on the threshing floor, lies down himself, a donkey there; in the morning the owner pushes the body, A. says that he killed his sick father; the owner paid off; A. brought his parents ten times more grain than he burned, brought 10 oxen]: Ioannisian 1968:150-155; Azerbaijanis [lazy Kharkhali was hired as a shepherd, but did nothing; they wanted to kill him, they did not find him, they burned him house; H. asked his mother for two pieces of gold, put it on the bottom of the bag, on top of the coals; scattered it on purpose at the crossing; said that the girls scattered his gold; the bag was shaken out, at the bottom there were two pieces of gold, to him they returned the bag of gold; H. said he sold the coals; the residents burned houses, went to sell coal, they were beaten; the residents killed H.'s mother; he brought the corpse on a donkey to the rich house; asked the owner's daughter to call his mother; she pulled the old woman, the corpse fell, H. gave him gold; the residents killed their fathers and mothers, went to sell them, beat them; H. changed clothes with the shepherd, told him that they were running to kill him; the shepherd threw himself into the sea; H. brought sheep; residents believed that they threw themselves into the water and drowned from the sea; two mullahs remained; H. ordered them to kill him by shooting from both sides; sat down, mullahs killed each other]: Bogoyavlensky 1892c, No. 5:305- 308; Turks [Keloglan goes to sell cow skin, spends the night in the forest in a tree; frightens the robbers gathered under the tree, they leave treasures; found a bag of crap, changed a bag of jewelry for them with jewelry carried by the merchant; sells the skin to Kadia's wife, notices that her lover secretly kills him; she gives money, asks to bury the body unnoticed; he leaves it in front of the kadia's door; now Kadi himself pays; K. puts the corpse on a donkey, he stands in the way of the caravan, the "rider" is pushed, K. accuses him of murder]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 351 III 2a: 368; Kurds [Khatun promises to teach geese speak, receives 60 geese from khanum (the wife of the padishah); after 60 days he sends to report that the geese say that the khanum is cheating on the padishah with the vizier; khanum tells Khatun to keep the geese for himself; dug in the cemetery She left the child who had just been buried in the shop, returned, accused the shopkeeper that the child was dead, he paid off; went for the funeral procession as if "her sister was dead"; the widower married Khatun; she her mother-in-law beat her, she was numb; explains to her husband that his mother bequeathed all her property to her]: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 210:505-507; Talyshi [the man saw a dove, sent another for salt, climbed a tree himself, the dove flew away, he decided to follow him, fell and crashed; the other came back, thought that he was the first to eat the pigeon, since his mouth was covered in blood; beat; when he saw that he was dead, he carried him on a cart drawn by a bull; ordered women should not cry; they made noise, cried, the bull threw off the dead man, everyone thought he was dead now from the fall]: Miller 1930:4-5.

Iran - Central Asia. Turkmens (Merv Tekins) [the wolf ate the black goat Kömelek-bay, who forced him to bring a herd of goats; told people he killed a goat, chatted in the lake, the herd came out; people killed their own goats, they wanted to kill K., but killed his wife; K. drove on someone else's threshing floor, the owner poked the corpse with a pitchfork, K. accused him of murder, got a daughter as his wife; the neighbors followed his advice, lost their wives, burned his house; K. received gold for the ashes, the neighbors burned their houses in vain; by cunning K. drowned everyone in the lake]: Samoilovich 1914, No. 11:535; the Persians [boy Hasan-Zanoza (H.) went to his aunt for vinegar; meets, agrees to take with her, carries a jackal, a crow, a scorpion, a dog; in her aunt's house, she tells a scorpion to get into a box of matches, put a jackal in her shoes, and a crow to relieve her need when a woman will look at the sky, addressing God, the dog - to grab his aunt by the leg if she tries to go down to the basement; H. climbed into the basement to steal vinegar, the jug's lid broke, the aunt wanted to light a fire on her planned misfortunes fell down; mother H. cooked soup, splashed into a crow jug, poured it into a plate for the jackal and the dog, killed the scorpion; the crow's head was stuck, the jug crashed, the corolla remained the crow has it around his neck; H. promised to take it off if he croaks every time H. pushes him in the side; H. and the crow came to their aunt, she has a lover; H. sees her hiding the pilaf and her lover when she came husband; the crow pushed, he croaks, H. explains: why there is pilaf under the cauldron for the man, and bread and onions for her husband; the aunt hid her lover under the stairs; in the morning she ordered him to leave, sprinkling millet behind her - she will bring him lunch; H. heard that his lover's trail was erased, scattered millet on the way to the field where his aunt's husband worked; the husband was surprised that his wife brought lunch; next time the same with scattered straw; the aunt turns asking the sacred tree how to dazzle H.; H. himself hid in a tree, tells X. to feed X. with chicken pilaf for 40 days; well-fed H. pretends to go blind; aunt tells to drive away animals, H. hits with a stick lover, says he is blind; kills his lover by pouring boiling oil in his face; the aunt asks to bury the dead man; H. tied the corpse to a donkey, brought him to the field, the owner hit him, H. accused the man of murdering his father; received a ransom; brought the "father" to the caravanserai where the Lures were staying; said that his father could die if strangers ruined the air; poured the sleeping luram into the pants of Cleister; They fled in fear, H. buried the corpse, took the goods of the Loures; tells the widow that she was with her late husband, he sells greens at the entrance to hell; the widow gives a golden watermelon, asks to give it to her husband; father-in-law ran to look I did not find a deceiver; H. brought all his mother's wealth]: Osmanov 1987:416-423; Yagnobtsy [bald offers the beardless to kill and eat his cow first, but refuses to slaughter his own; beardless made belts out of his cow's leather, sold it profitably; the bald man stabbed his own, did not sell his belts, burned down the beardless man's house; he brings bags of ash to the bazaar; shouts that they stole money, replaced it with ash; others they give him money so as not to scandal; he tells the bald man that he sold ash; the bald man burned down his house, people laugh; the beardless man swapped places with his elderly mother, the bald man killed her instead of him; beardless supposedly a living mother is lucky, his donkey eats someone else's sheaf, his owner beats him, the bald man accuses him of killing his mother, he gives gold, the beardless one says to the bald man that he sold the corpse; the bald man kills the mother, wants sell the corpse, he is tortured for a long time in prison; he ties the beardless man in a bag, goes for a stick; the beardless hears that there is a shepherd nearby, shouts that he does not want to be peace, wants to be a shepherd; the shepherd climbs into the bag instead of him; the bald one kills him, throws him into the pond; the beardless brings the herd, says that from the bottom of the pond; drowns him in a bald bag]: Andreev, Peshereva 1957, No. 30:150-153; Vakhans [three The brothers do not like the fourth, Pleshivets; they burned his wheat; he poured ash into the bag, told the counter that there was gold in the bag; refuses to show it - in that evil eye; the counter insists, receives in return , allegedly missing gold, camels and sheep with goats; tells the brothers that he exchanged them for ash; the brothers burned their wheat, they laugh at them; the brothers beat Pleshivets and killed his mother; he put her on a donkey, went to the shepherd, he touched the donkey, the corpse fell, Plesivets accuses the shepherd of murder, gets all his cattle; the brothers believe that corpses are exchanged for cattle in the bazaar, they kill their mothers; they put Plesivets in a bag, they carry to drown, leave him on the way; Plesivets screams that he does not want to be an amir; the old man sits in a bag instead of him, he is drowned, Plesivets brought his herd, said that from the bottom; the brothers jump into the river and drown]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 54:437-439 (=Pakhalina 1975, No. 4:150-152); Ishkashim [king's wife Hawksor, Devzor, Parisor; he expelled H. and P.; H. gave birth, offered to eat her child, but P. refused; H. ate him herself; then gave birth to P., raised a son; he began to beat animals with a bow; once he saw a bald man in a bag, he screams that he did not want to be king; the boy changed with him, he was thrown into the river ; the bald man brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the Pleshivets brothers rushed into the river and drowned; the bald man killed their mother, put them on a donkey, led him to a pile of grain; the owner hit him with a stick, the bald man accused him of killed his mother, his mother took it; burned straw, put it in a bag, said that there was gold, and if opened, it would turn into ash; the man untied it, gave 5 bags of gold; the neighbors burned the haystacks, went to sell ash; when they returned, they killed Pleshivets]: Pakhalina 1959, No. 7:133-135; Shugnans (Ishkashim translation of the Shugnan fairy tale) [two brothers from one mother, the third from the other; those two killed his calf; he smeared with the blood and bowel movements of a calf, accused the camel owner of eating the calf, getting a camel; told the brothers that he had exchanged the dead calf for a camel; the brothers killed their calves, got nothing; the brother's mother was killed; he put the corpse on the donkey, brought the donkey to the grain, the owner threw a stone, the corpse fell, the young man accused the owner of murder, received his eldest daughter in return; told the brothers that exchanged a dead mother for a living girl; the brothers killed their mother, went to change, they were scolded]: Zarubin 1960:174-175; Sarykoltsy [three brothers make saddles, the older two burn the youngest's goods; that collects coals in a bag, tells the gold taker that if the bag is untied, the gold will turn into coals; he unties it, gives his gold; brothers burn their saddles, try to sell the coals in vain; they kill the youngest bull; he smears his blood on the faces of camels, the owner does not recognize the camels, the younger brother takes them; the brothers try to exchange the blood of the bulls for camels; they kill the youngest's mother; he puts the corpse on the donkey leads him to threshing a man, he drives his father, the corpse falls, the man believes he is guilty of murder, gives his daughter; the brothers put the youngest in a bag, he screams that he does not want to be a beck; the bald man believes changes with younger brother; brothers drown Pleshivets; younger brother says he brought a herd from the bottom of the river; brothers jump into the water, drown]: Pakhalina 1966:234-236; Tajiks [older brother killed mother the youngest; he put the deceased on a donkey, left the donkey on the edge of the field; the landlord hit the donkey with a stick, the old woman fell, the owner gave the young man a daughter instead of the murdered mother; he told the eldest that the dead were old women they change to young girls; the elder strangled his mother, beat him; put the youngest in a bag, took him to drown, left; he screams that he does not want to marry; the shepherd changed with him, is drowned, and the younger brother took the sheep; older brother, sisters and wife jumped into the water and drowned (the women thought he was calling them when he waved his hand over the water)]: Osmanov 1989:459-461; mountain Tajiks [Plesivec collected more wheat, than the brothers, they burned it; he collected the ash in a bag, told the traveler that he was carrying gold, but if a man with a bad eye saw it, it would turn into ash; the traveler untied it, Plesivets said he would lead to the Shah, who gave him his horse and property in fear; told his brothers that ashes in the city were being exchanged for horses; the brothers burned their wheat, they were beaten in the city; the brothers killed Pleshivets's mother; he dressed her as a bride, put it on a donkey, left the donkey on the threshing floor; the owner of the threshing floor threw a stick at the donkey, the corpse fell, Pleshivey accused him of killing his mother, threatened to lead him to Casia, who gave his daughter in return; told the brothers that in town the dead are changed to girls; the brothers killed their mother, they laughed at them; the brothers dragged Pleshivets in a bag to drown; they moved away; the shepherd believed that Plesivets was sitting in a bag because they wanted to marry his daughter Shah; changed places with him; he was drowned, Plesivets brought the herd, said that from the bottom of the river; the brothers rushed into the river and drowned]: Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 47:150-153; Uzbeks: Rogov 1980 [so far The agile made 9 arbs, 9 lazy only one; out of envy they burned his arbs; Agile pretended to change ash for gold; the lazy burned their arbs, carried them to sell ash, they were ridiculed and beaten; they came beat Agile, stumbled upon a donkey in the dark and killed him; Agile put a dead donkey at the wheat ricks, the landlord hit him with a stick, Agile said that he killed his donkey and got it for it money; lazy stabbed their donkeys, took them to sell, they were beaten; Agile ran into the steppe, the lazy chased him; towards buy; Agile says they want to make him a shah; buy volunteered to be Shah instead of him, Agile shows where to run; lazy people are still chasing him]: 224-229; Afzalov et al. 1972 (2) [40 bald people in one village, one clever, Yuz Muhammad, asks him to be bald ( Kahl) was not named, he cuts a cow for it, he continues to be called Kal; he makes overshoes out of his skin, sells one farmer, he sends him to his wife to pay for grain, Yum notices a lover in the house; at night he slowly takes him away, for which he receives a purse of gold from the hostess, says to 39 bald men that he received money for his overshoes; they slaughter their cows, they laugh at them, they they burn Yum's house; he is lucky to sell ash, says that these are valuables, if a woman sits on the bag, they will turn into ash; bai's wife sits down, he gives a bag of silver; 39 bald people try to sell ash; they hit Yum's mother is almost to death; he takes her to bay, bai pushes the donkey, the old woman falls, dies, buye gives 10 bags of wheat; 39 bald men beat their mothers in vain; Yum runs away, tells the shepherd that he does not want to be Casiem, changes clothes with him; 30 bald ones drown the shepherd; Hume brings sheep, says that they are from the underwater kingdom; 39 bald sheep reflect sheep for a herd in the water, drown]: 332-340.

Baltoscandia. Estonians, Karelians, Swedes, Icelanders: Uther 2004 (2), No. 1537:272-273; Western Sami: Kohl-Larsen 1982, No. 20 [Viisis is a younger and clever brother, Jal'la is the elder, stupid and strong; their mother died; V. offered to bury her, I ordered her to be taken with them; they climbed a tree to spend the night; miracles (Russians or Karelians) approached the same tree; I threw the corpse on them mothers, they ran away, the brothers got the food; one miracle came back; I offered to see whose tongue was longer to understand each other better; I bit off the miracle's tongue, he could not tell his comrades anything; The brothers came to the village, I left my mother's body on the bridge as if she were selling apples; a passer-by asked for the price, asked louder, hit the old woman on the back of the head - why she was silent; she fell under the bridge; a passerby agreed to pay 1,000 thalers and give two sets of clothes; one set and 500 thalers J. gave to V.]: 132-136; Lagercrantz 1958, No. 373 (Lyngen, coast of northern Norway) [mother died, Matthias put his body on a sleigh, went to town, came to a wealthy merchant, who poured him vodka; M. said that an old mother was waiting for him outside, could she also pour it; the merchant offered the old woman a cup of vodka, that silent, he hit her, M. accused the merchant of murder, he paid the money; after burying his mother, he came home, cooked porridge, put the pot on Keule {log?} ; the king saw, bought Keule for a lot of money; his wife began to cook porridge - she did not cook; the king came to M., his sister said he was sleeping, went to wake him up; M. stabbed the goat in advance, tied his sister under his apron stomach with blood; entering the room, pretended to be angry with his sister, stabbed him in the stomach, splashed blood; M. took a wand with a hole and began to blow his sister's ears until she "came to life"; king bought a wand, he and his wife killed the child, he did not come to life; the king put M. in a barrel; it was left for three days to be thrown into the ice-hole; M. screams that he was in paradise; the cattle merchant wanted to take his place {and drowned in an ice-hole}; M. brought the herd, told the king that it was from the bottom; the king also wanted to get the herd, sat in a barrel for three days, drowned; M. became king and celebrated a lavish wedding; I was stuffed into a barrel and shot so as not to lie again]: 119-123; Veps [a fool sells calfskin that "knows everything"; his brothers kill their animals but cannot sell their skins profitably; brothers accidentally kill mother instead of a fool; a fool takes his mother's body to the city and presents the case as if her master killed her; extorts money from him; the brothers want to drown a fool, but he escapes]: Onegin, Zaitseva 1996, No. 26:203 ; the Finns [the father sent his son to sell the mountain; the same crooks meet him several times, each time asking how much the goat is; the young man sold the cow for the price of a goat; then he saw them sell his cow with profit; paid in advance at three taverns, agreeing with the owner that when he threw up his hat, I must say that it was full; invited the crooks, sold them a hat for a lot of money; then pretended to be dying; the crooks came up, one began to beat him with a stick lying next to him; after the third blow, the young man jumped up, thanking him for the cure; sold the stick for an expensive price; offered to check on the old man; He died of the blow; the crooks were frightened; the young man promised to take the blame if the crooks paid him again; brought the body to the river, put him on a stone; the body fell into the water; witnesses were found: the young man wanted to help The old man, it's not his fault that he drowned; the father was surprised that his son had made so much money for the cow]: Salmelainen 1947:75-80; Latvians [Killed five times. The dead body is put on a horse, in a sleigh, in a boat, etc.]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 1537:357; the Livs [the big Klouz is rich, he has three horses, the little one (Piški Klouz, PK) is poor; big K. at night kills the foal RK; he goes to sell the skin; sees the forester's house, the hostess does not let her in because her husband is not at home; RK waits; sees the pastor come; then the husband, wife hides the pastor in the closet; RK is also in; he does It looks like the skin tells him where the food and drink are hidden, his lover; the forester buys the skin for gold; big K. kills his horses, hoping to sell their skins for gold; cannot sell, goes to kill RK, but kills his wife; he takes the deceased to the tavern, tells her to give her wine; she does not react, the servant beats her, the RK demands compensation for the murder, receives gold; big K. kills his wife, goes to sell, falls into police; ties the Republic of Korea in a bag to drown, goes to church; RK shouts that they want to make him king, a Jewish boy climbs in his place, big K. throws the bag into the lake; RK talks about wonderful pigs he got in the lake; big K. asks to throw him in a bag into the lake, drowns]: Loorits 200 (4): 375; Norwegians: Dasent 1970 [brothers Big Peter (BP) and Little Peter (MP); BP was richly married, MP left, spent money, returned with a calf; he wandered into the PSU field, he killed him; MP smoked his skin, went to sell; wanted to stay with the woman, she refused; MP saw what she had local pastor; husband came, she hid the pastor in a chest, ale and brandy behind the door leading to the cellar, cupard (egg and milk cream) under the fireplace grill; MP asked to let in, owner allowed, MP does looks like she is talking to the calf's skin and she told me where the food and drink are in the house; the owner is surprised and happy; asks to sell the skin; MP sells for a chest; carries it to the river, thinks aloud that the chest should be thrown into the water; the pastor asks him to be released for money and a gold watch; MP returns, tells BP that he sold the skin at a high price; he kills all the cattle, goes to sell their skins for fabulous money, they laugh at him; he wants to kill MP; he swaps beds with his mother; BP cuts off the mother's head; pays MP for silence; MP takes his mother's corpse to the bazaar as if she is selling apples; the person asks for the price; without receiving answer, hits a woman, her head falls off; he pays a ransom to the MP; the MP tells his brother that dead old women are now in value; he kills his foster mother, carries to sell, hardly escaped prison; puts MP in a bag, carries to drown; leaves; MP shouts that he is on his way to paradise; changes with the shepherd, he wants to go to heaven; BP drowns the shepherd, MP brings the herd home, says he got it at the bottom; BP tells his wife to throw him into the river in a bag; she waits for a long time, goes to help him chase sheep; MP gets all the property]: 336-345; Hodne 1984, No. 1655 [the young man inherits (buys) a seed; he was pecked by a chicken, he received a chicken in compensation; for a ram chicken, an ox for an ox, an old woman's corpse for an ox; the young man adjusts as if the princess bit her; she has to marry him]: 288.

Volga - Perm. Komi-Zyryans: Doronin 2004 [Ivan has one cow, his brother Vasily has twenty; I.'s cow was picked up by a bear; V. did not share; I. went to sell cow skin, stopped at the priest, said that in his "omniscient" in the bag; he spies himself, explains that the "omniscient" said where the priest's fast wine was prepared for fasting, that the deacon's lover was in the chest; the pop asks to give the bag, the chest with the deacon throw him into the ice-hole; I. lets the deacon go for 500 rubles, asks V. to weigh the money at home; V. slaughtered the cows, asks for 20 pounds of money for their skins, laughs at him; V. goes to slaughter I. at night, he puts mother to her place; I. takes the murdered mother, puts him to drink in a tavern, does not drink the corpse, the cabatchik hits him with a bottle, I. accuses him of murder, receives 300 rubles; says V. that he sold the corpse; V. kills his wife, offers for sale, he is put in prison; when he leaves, V. carries I. in a bag to drown, leaves him at the ice-hole, goes to church; I. tells the passing butcher that he is put in a bag, because he does not want to be urban head; the butcher climbs into his place; the drowned butcher I. brings home 12 cows, says V., who brought them from the dead; the pop asks him to send him to the next world for cows, I. puts him in a bag for 200 rubles; drowns both]: 214-219; Fokos-Fuchs 1951, No. 80 (middle Vychegda) [the husband is short, his wife Dome has a lover; the husband went to the forest, hung the icon on a tree; tells his wife that he goes to pray; the wife also wants; the husband explains how to find the icon; comes first and hides behind a tree; hears the wife asking for her husband to go blind; the next day the husband pretends to have lost his sight; sits on the stove; a lover comes; the husband asks his wife to let him clean his gun; shot his lover - allegedly accidentally shot; lowered it from the stove, dragged the body to the merchant's house and left it standing; the merchant mistook the dead for thief, shot; put him in a boat, put an oar in his hands, went downstream; the boat sails in the net; the fisherman hits him on the head, the deceased disappears under water]: 397-401; Wichmann 1916, No. 28 (Ust-Sysolsk) [in the family three brothers, the youngest is a fool; his mother tells him to set a trap; he put him on the path to the well; his mother was caught, he killed her; put her in a sleigh, took him to the city, the merchant did not give way, pushed her; the guy accused him of murdering his mother, the merchant gave him a cart of goods; the fool told the brothers that he had sold the corpse; the brothers killed their wives, went to sell them, drove them away; the fool raked coals with ash out of the stove, loaded the cart; the merchant agreed to exchange carts without looking; the brothers went to sell ash, they were ridiculed]: 85-87; Bashkirs: Barag 1990, No. 153 [Zakir's elder brother has three horses, younger Shahir has one; Z. took Sh. and drove him to death; S. went to sell horse meat, stopped in the same house on the way; saw that his wife had hidden her muezzin lover in the chest; he began to drive out Satan, opened the chest, and received gold from her husband; said that he sold his horse skin at a high price; Z. killed his horses, got nothing; at night he came to kill S., accidentally killed his mother; S. dressed up the corpse, came to the same house, his daughters took the old woman to drink, Sh. accused them of murder, received gold; Z. believes that S. sold the deceased, killed his mother, went to sell him, he was beaten; Z. carried S. in a bag to drown; went away for a stone; S. tells the shepherd that the bag shows everything sea fish, he swapped places; Z. drowned the shepherd, S. brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; Z. ordered to drown himself]: 356-359; Roudenko 1908, No. 15 [an old man's very young wife walks with a young lover; husband agrees with the old woman; she advises the young woman to go to the hollow pine tree, the sorcerer living in it will tell you what to do; the husband hides in the hollow, answers on behalf of the sorcerer that her husband should be fed sour cream and butter, then he would go blind and deaf; the husband pretended to be blind and deaf, hid in a large pelvis (poêle), told his four-year-old son {obviously from his first marriage} that he wanted to teach him how to shoot before he died with a gun; aimed at his lover, the boy shot; the young woman dragged the body, put him on a hive; at night, the owner of the hive saw the man, shot; afraid that he had killed the man, the owner put the dead man on a raft on lake; the hunter shouted that the man on the fruit should not swim to the ducks; the raft continued to sail, the ducks flew away, the hunter shot the man on the raft; so the lover was shot three times]: 59-60; Zelenin 1991, No. 106 (109) [The old man gave his eldest daughter, she fell ill and died; the son-in-law brought the deceased, left her in the cart, tells his youngest, then his wife's middle sister to call her; she does not answer, the cart overturns, the father-in-law believes that his daughter is dead now; offers his son-in-law another daughter; he refuses; offers both remaining daughters, asks for a box of coal; 9 deceiving neighbors of his son-in-law burned his firewood; he brought coals, took two wives; answers the deceivers that he exchanged them for their dead first wife; they killed their mothers, went to change them; they laugh at them]: 453-454; Chuvash (Simbirsk Gubernia, 1907) [the rich man hit the poor man's horse, it died; the poor man took off his skin, put it in a bag, went to the same house for the night; before that, he saw through the window how the hostess treated his lover; the husband came, the hostess hid the food in the stove, the lover into the chest; the poor man pushed his bag, he creaked; said that there was a sorcerer in the bag; he pointed to the food in the oven, to the hell in the chest; the owner bought a "sorcerer", and the poor man also took the chest so that the hell wouldn't interfered with the owners; by the river he pretended to drown the chest; the man in the chest paid off; the poor man returned, told the rich man that he sold the horse's skin for 4 scoops of money; took the scales from the rich man, returned it, sticking a coin; the rich man stabbed his horses, went to sell their skins, he was mistaken for a madman; the poor man's grandmother died, he put her in his place, at night the rich man came and hit her with an ax, thinking that it was his offender; the poor man dressed his mother as alive, brought her home, asked for water, the owner's daughter pushed her grandmother, the poor man accused her of murder, received 3 buckets of money; asked the rich man again for the scales, returned it with a coin; the rich man killed his grandmother, went to sell, people almost grabbed him; the rich man carried the poor man in a bag to drown, went to church; the poor man hears the shepherd complaining about life, invites him to get into the bag, steals him the herd, the rich man drowned the shepherd; when he learned that the poor man had brought the herd from the bottom, the rich man asked him to drown, the poor man became rich]: Chuvash tales 1937:46-52 (=Eysin 1993:328-333); Udmurts: Kralina 1960, No. 92 [the eldest wife has two sons, the youngest has a bald Taz; after his father's death, the older brothers expelled T. and his mother, gave him a hut and a skinny horse; T. cut more wood than the brothers, who burned his firewood; T. collected the coals in a bag, stays with the rich man, says that there is gold in the bag, but if you open it, the gold will turn into coals; the rich man replaces the bag of imaginary gold with a bag of silver, T. brings it home; The brothers burned firewood, went to exchange coal for silver, they were beaten; they killed T.'s mother; he dressed up the corpse, went to the rich man, left the corpse in the yard; the rich man sends three daughters to invite the guest's mother; they they say that she is cold to death, the rich man promises T. a daughter, promises to bury her mother; T. chooses an average wife; tells his brothers that he has exchanged the deceased for his wife; brothers kill mothers, take them to change them they beat him; they put T. in a barrel, pushed him into the water; the nyulesmurt (goblin) pulled out the barrel; T. says he is a wumurt (water), accuses him of breaking his tower with nyulesmurt, threatens not to give him more water, orders to get a new barrel from the bottom, puts it in the old one, lowers it into the pool, steals a herd of Nylesmurt; brothers go down into the ice-hole and drown; T. lives well]: 267-272; 1976 [by the return of her hunter husband, the wife pretended to be sick: she ate viburnum; her husband says that the witch doctor is sitting by the river under the willow; disguised himself as a healer; advised her husband to lime like this: he can't feed lamb, cook him 20 eggs - he will become deaf, give tobacco and butter - will go blind; the husband pretends to be deaf and blind, dies, asks to put his favorite gun next to him; the wife tells her lover not to oil tobacco - you will go blind; when the wife comes out, the husband shot lover; tells his wife that she fed him to death; the wife put her lover on the river in a boat; the boat owner thought it was a thief, hit him with a stick, he fell into the river and drowned]: 310-311; Wichmann 1901, No. 21 [two brothers are smart, the third is a fool; their mother is blind; a fool dug a hole, his mother failed and died; his brothers drove him out, and he took the deceased on a sleigh; to meet the merchant with the goods, refused to shy away, pushed the guy's sleigh, who said that he killed his mother, the merchant paid; the same with another merchant; at the bazaar, with the honey seller (the guy put his mother's body and put her hands in honey); the same with the fish seller; at home said that the dead were in value; the brothers killed their wives, went to sell the dead, they were beaten; they destroyed the fool's house; he carried clay from the stove on a sleigh, exchanged with another man who was carrying valuable goods; brothers took clay, they were beaten]: 111-113; Marie: Akzorin 1984 [mother to son: attend a wedding and funeral before getting married; at the wedding he took an arc with bells and stands, he was mistaken for thief, beaten; mother: you have to sing and dance; he dances in the fire; you have to fill the fire, say, "Get water in the eye of the fire"; he does this when the pig is burning; it is necessary: let the meat be tasty and not translated ; he says so at the funeral; his mother died, her son took her in a car to the cemetery, fell asleep on the way; the merchant ran into a car, thought he had killed the woman, gave her money and buried her; the fool built a house with this money, got married; carried pots from the bazaar, put them on stumps - they went to the bazaar without hats]: 228-229; Chetkarev 1948 [the older brothers killed Kokshavuy's only horse; he went to the bazaar to sell leather; in the evening he looked into the window of the house, there is a mistress with a priest; K. heard that if her husband returns, the hostess will hide the priest in a chest; K. was sent to the hayloft, but the husband returned and ordered him to be returned to the hut; K. promises to expel the devil; whispers his ass, to give all the money, he jumped out of the chest naked; the owner paid generously; K. returned, said that he had raised money for the skin; the brothers slaughtered the horses, took them to sell their skins, received a penny; K. exchanged places with his mother, the brothers killed his mother, not him; K. brought his mother as if alive, the barber began to give her vodka; K. accused him of murder, he paid; the brothers killed their wives, took her to sell them; them exiled to Siberia, K. healed well]: 154-158; Beke 1938, No. 54 [three brothers, the youngest is bald, the elders do not want to take him to the forest to cut wood; he goes by himself, cut twice as many of them; they burned his firewood; he stacked coals in a bag, came to the wedding, said he was carrying royal gold; he was invited to spend the night; he said that if anyone looked into the bag, gold would turn into coal; people looked in, bald shouts that now the king will punish everyone, fill his bag with gold; at home, a bald man tells his brothers that coals in the village are bought for gold; the brothers burned their firewood, brought coal to the village, they were beaten; they killed the bald man's wife; he he dressed the corpse, brought it to the village, said that he was lucky to the king; if anyone looked into the wagon, the bride would die; someone looked in; the bald man was offered a choice of girls, he took the most beautiful one; told the brothers that in the village, the dead are changed for the living; the brothers killed their wives, began to change them, beat them; the brothers locked the bald man in a birch bark box, carried him to drown in a hole; left them on the ice, went for an ax; the pop rides on a sleigh; the bald man says he's warm; the pop says he's frozen, climbs into the box instead of him, drowned; the bald man comes back with sledges and horses, says he got it in the river, you have to shout "I'm a pop"; the brothers jumped drowned into the ice-hole, shouting, "I am a pop"]: 534-538; the Tatars [9 Tukuldykov burned Mimyldyk's felling; he brought bags of coal to Bayu, who has three daughters; if you open the bags, gold will turn into coal; the girls opened it, bought it in gold; T. burned their firewood, went to exchange coal for gold, they were beaten; they killed M.'s mother; he dressed up the body, brought it to a rich house, told them not to look under the blanket where it was sister; the girls came in, M. accused them of murder, buy gave his daughter for him in return; T. killed his mother, took them to change for girls, beat them; they put M. in a bag, brought them to the river to drown, went to get the poles ; M. tells the shepherd that he is warming himself in the bag; he climbed in instead of him; T. drowned the shepherd, and M. brought his herd, said that from the bottom; T. asked to drown them, M. drowned]: Zamaletdinov 2009, No. 79:315-320.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Kanbak-Shal 1985 [the beauty complained to Tazsha that the hanzada fell in love with her, but she did not want him; T. killed the khanzada, brought the corpse of the bay's daughter; said that he was a hanzada, wanted her, she in rabies rushed with a dagger, but T. framed the corpse of the Khanzada, fled; bai gave T. gold to help; T. took the corpse, left it in the khan's treasury, disappeared; the guards mistook the Khanzada's corpse for a thief, struck; they gave T. gold to help; T. explained to the khan how his son got into the treasury; he doubts, ordered the shaman to be summoned; the old woman plays the kobyz, is about to reveal the truth; T. raised the noise, tying his dried skin to the stallion's tail, shouted that enemies had attacked, drowned the shaman in a vessel with koumiss in turmoil; the khan gives T. gold, asks to save her from the divas - the sons of the shaman; T. carries her corpse to to the camel; her grandchildren scream, ask for sweets; T. stabs the camel with an awl, he throws it off and the corpse; the divas are afraid that the Khan's messenger has been killed; they give T. gold when they see that he is alive]: 217-220; Potanin 1916, No. 10 (eastern Kazakhstan) [Aldar-Kose found a lamb shoulder, asked the old woman for permission to put it in the cauldron; since there was no meat on his shoulder blade, he said that the cauldron ate it, old woman gave a shovel of meat; A. left it in the lamb pen, ate the meat at night, greased the lamb's mouth, got a lamb; let it go to the rams, killed it, smeared blood on the sheep's mouths, took 8 rams; exchanged them for the dead girl and the horse; the girls thought that A. brought the bride; A. pricked the horse with an awl, the body fell, he accused the girls of frightening the horse, got one of them as his wife]: 71-73 (=Daurenbekov 1979 : 297-299, =Zhanuzakova 1977:218-220); Sidelnikov 1952 [Aldar-Kose (Aldar is a "deceiver", a braid is "beardless") finds a lamb shoulder in the steppe, puts the old woman in the cauldron, says that her boiler ate the meat from the shoulder blade, the old woman gave the meat shoulder blade; leaves the meat shoulder blade on the lambs, eats at night, says that the old woman's lambs ate meat, gets lamb; smears lamb fat on the mouths of the sheep, says that they ate a lamb, gets eight rams, changes him to a dead girl, they give him a horse to boot; the girls run out to watch the AK bride; he stabs the horse with an awl, the deceased falls, AK says to the elders that their daughters were frightened by a horse and the bride was killed; he was given the most beautiful girl as a wife]: 136-138; Karakalpaks: Baskakov 1951:41-43 (Takhtakupyr District) [Kerboga told his wife he would go visit sister, who lives three days away, but returned the next day; when he went into the house, killed the khan's son, who was his wife's lover; told his wife that he was worried about the khan's son because he saw one woman the dead horseman; the wife tried to wake up the khan's son; K. beat her, and the body of the deceased leaned against the door of his older brother Jalimbet and ran away; J. decided that a horseman had come to his daughters, beat the body Khan's son with a stick; J.'s wife brought K. a purse of money, said that J. killed the khan's son, and asked for a way out; K. took the corpse to the wife of the khan's son; when he knocked on her, she replied:" Go to your female friend"; K. hung the corpse on an aspen tree, went home; the wife of the khan's son saw the body, decided that her husband hanged himself because of her words; brought K. a purse with money, asked for help; K. took off the Khan's son's clothes, put them on the road, and threw his body into the pond; the khan thought that his son was swimming, then began to look for him; according to the fortunetellers, it turned out that the Khan's son went to K.'s house, then went out and went to J.'s house, then went out and went to his house, then went to the aspen tree, and then fell into the pond; the fortunetellers did not know which of them he died from and said: "There is an old woman on the same river three days away , this old woman, no matter why he dies, will say"; the khan sent K. for her; the old woman said to K.: "Unhappy, why did you come, because you killed the khan's son yourself"; K. took her to the khan; when he arrived at the palace, he lifted up the horse and knocked down the old woman; then put her back and brought her to the khan; the old woman died of bruises; the khan believed that his son died of a natural death], 115-116 (Karauzyak district) [Kose found a skull on the road; came to one house and put this head in the cauldron; then he took one sheep from the old woman from that house {without details}; saw a man drive nine rams into the pen and asked him to drive the sheep, taken from the old woman; the man did it; at night K. slaughtered his sheep and put the meat in a large bag; then accused the man for eating it; the man offered K. one ram; K. took nine; met a man carrying a dead girl; exchanged her for nine rams; drove with her body behind a donkey; one of the padishah's daughters pushed the dead girl, she fell to the ground; K. began to accuse the girl that she killed his wife; went to the padishah's house, told him the same thing; the padishah offered gold, but K. refused and took the girl {apparently the daughter of the padishah}; went, sitting her in front of him and saying: "For a dry jaw (bone) - a bone with meat, a bone with meat - a lamb - nine sheep, a dead girl for nine sheep, a living girl for a dead girl - a beautiful girl, a beautiful girl blonde"]; Volkov, Mayorov 1959 [after the death of their father, 9 sons from one wife gave their son only one bull from the other (his name is Piskun), persuaded him to slaughter him, did not share the harvest; P. and his fellow traveler spent the night in the village, quietly poured hot oil into his fellow traveler's mouth, accused the owners of murder, received money, bought four bulls, told the brothers that he had exchanged them for oxskin; the brothers stabbed their bulls, them they ridiculed; they killed P.'s mother; he carried the corpse on a donkey, let the worker hit the donkey, the old woman fell, P. accused the workers of murder, received a ransom, told the brothers that he sold the deceased; they killed their mother, they were beaten; they carried P. in a sack to drown, went to visit; P. tells the shepherd that they want to drown him because he refuses to become king; the shepherd changed places with him, the shepherd was drowned, P. brought the herd, said that from the bottom; at their own request, P. drowned the brothers]: 75-80; Kyrgyz [Aldarkose asked to spend the night; he was given a soup of wheat and millet; he hears that the owners had cooked for themselves lamb; at night he got up, ate the meat, put the owner's pants in the cauldron, lay down again; the owners got up, tried to chew his pants; when leaving, A. sees how the hostess gave her husband a hot cake, and he hid it under his clothes; hugged goodbye to the owner, burned his cake, he threw it away in his hearts, and A. picked it up; when he went away, he returned, asked the old man's awl to fix his boots; he ordered him to go to the kibitka and ask his wife; if the wife did not He will give it, I will wave my hand - let him give it; A. tells the hostess that her husband ordered to give him their youngest daughter; the owner waves from a distance and shouts: Give me the byz (awl); the hostess believes that he shouts "Give the kyz" (girl, daughter); came to the shepherd, sat down to eat meat; said that everyone in the village was giving the meat of a bruised cow; the shepherd ran to the village; A. cut off the tails of the cows, put them in the ground, and stole the herd; said that the cows drowned in the ground, only the tails sticking out; the people rushed to save the cows; the girl's father ran up, talked about the swindler; at this time A. drove the cows and came to the bald boy, who herded the sheep; to get rid of bald spots, you have to sit in a hole, put a sheep's stomach on your head and not get out until he, A., allows it; A. brought the cows and sheep home; his mother died; people came, A. looks rich, began to feed everyone lamb; warned that his mother was sick and clean; if she noticed dirt, she would die of excitement; when the guests fell asleep, A. poured out the contents of his lamb's stomach next to the sleepers; in the morning, the guests thought they had happened diarrhea; A.: mother is dead! the guests fled, forgetting about the stolen cows and sheep]: Muchnik 1944:35-38; the Uighurs (Guma) [the bald man hired to threshing to the bay; took all the cattle over the hill, tore off the donkey's tail, said that animals failed, that he was pulling the tail, but the tail came off; brought the cattle home, told his two brothers (from another mother) that God gave it to him; his grandmother died, he painted them, took them on a donkey, left them the donkey eat wheat on the current; people first asked the woman to take the donkey, then hit him with a stick, she fell; the bald man said they killed his mother; for her he was given donkeys loaded with bags of wheat; his the brothers killed their mothers and tried to do the same number, but no one pushed their donkeys, they were carefully taken off the current; the bald man noticed that Baya's wife hid the sausage without giving it to her husband; at night A lover came, a bald man gave him castor oil instead of water, he died; the bald man put cake in his mouth and poured oil on him; his wife decided that he died after eating butter cake; gave Pleshivets gold jewelry for taking the corpse away; the bald man put it at the barn, said to bay; that night he went out, hit the stranger with a stick, the corpse fell; the pleshivets said it was his brother; bai gave him the herd; he brought him home; the brothers decided to kill him (end)]: Jarring 1951, No. 3:39-53; yellow Uighurs [the boy's mother died; he caught a mouse, the owners replied that they did not have a cat; the cat appeared, ate the mouse, he received cat in return; elsewhere, the dog bit to death the cat; the horse kicked the dog; the young man went on a horse; the Chinese buried the old woman; he took her out of the coffin, took her out of the coffin; asked the beautiful woman to bring water for a drink; he pushed the old woman off the horse, said that the girl frightened his mother in her sleep, she killed her; got a girl in return]: Malov 1967, No. 103:102-103; Dungans [seven bald grazed seven calves; decided to kill eighth, pick up his calf; he killed his own, brought meat to the market, said he killed his mother; they stabbed their mothers, took them into custody, they ran away; the eighth changed bed with his mother at night, seven his mother was killed; he dressed up the deceased, took her on a camel, the girls ran to ask where the bald man got his wife, the camel dropped her, the bald man demanded compensation, the emperor gave the girl a choice; seven saw the eighth with his wife, called me into the forest, tied him to a tree to burn; bald to a one-legged shepherd: I was tied and now my leg grew; the shepherd changed with him, burned, the remains thrown into the water; bald brought sheep, said it was from the bottom; seven threw themselves into the water and drowned]: Riftin et al. 1966, No. 58:254-255.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Altaians: Nikiforov [Kurmösi takes the soul of Tas Khan's daughter to the lower world; Argachi goes with them, pretends that he is also an inhabitant of the world of the dead; asks K. why they are afraid of; Rosehips and hawthorn; A. lies as if he is afraid of oil in bubbles and kurut ligaments; hides with the girl's soul in rose hips and hawthorn bushes; K. throw oil at him in vain, leave; A. returns her soul to earth, marries a girl; his wife died; he planted her to sew as if she were alive; told the Khan that he sold goods; three khan's daughters went to watch; A. warned that his wife was frightened may die; blames girls for her death, gets one of the khan's daughters in return] 1915:235-236; Sadalova 2002, No. 38 [Argachi replies to his younger brother Mekechi that she will live his mind; M. says that he will live by cunning; brothers disperse; M. sees how the Kormös take the soul of a sick girl; goes with them, pretending that he is dead; offers to bear his soul; asks that the Kormes are afraid (yellow thorn, horse lash, knife with a yellow handle); M.: kurutov (pies) on a bundle, butter in a wineskin, mare fat, sacred roe deer fat; jumps into thickets of thorns; kormes throw fat into it, etc., after 7 days they leave, M. returns with the girl's soul, marries the healed woman; promises to cure Bai Dieti-Kezer's son; does not fumigate with juniper, but burns him alive, takes his horse and property; comes to A., says that he got everything at the bottom of the lake, where their dead parents live; A. tied a stone around his neck, jumped into the lake; the mother of the DK is a shaman Diebelek, camlates, M. screams, makes a stir, quietly drowns D. in a vessel with with sour milk; hires to take her body home; drives up to her camp, the children run to meet her grandmother, M. knocks her off her horse as if she fell on her own and crashed; as a reward for taking the old woman, she gets wealth]: 365-377 (=1989:94); Khakas [the guy rushes on skis in light clothes; the rich man on horseback believes that the skis carry him themselves, gives him a horse, a fur coat, a hat for them; gets on skis and falls; the guy he found a sheep's skull, came to the shepherd; he allowed him to put a sheep's head in the common cauldron and bring seven sheep into the cat (they're not there, the guy just pretended to be with the sheep); the guy pretends to be afraid that the cauldron will eat the sheep's head; takes the skull out of the cauldron - it has no meat; the guy pretends to be afraid that the owner's sheep will eat his sheep; at night he tears the sheep's mouths as if they are bloody, throws them over shreds of wool; the owner gives his seven sheep; the guy exchanged them for the girl he was taking to bury; came to another camp; when the horse threw off his dead body, he pretended to be his beloved wife crashed; he was given the owner's daughter, he stayed there; one day his father-in-law hears his son-in-law singing a song describing his exploits; he was beaten and driven away]: Torokova, Sychenko 2014, No. 39:553-565; tofalars: Katanov 1891 [=1907:641-642; a thin man found a discarded shoulder blade (bone); hit his nose, smeared his shoulder blade with blood; came to the ulus, asked permission to cook meat; blood came off his shoulder blade, man said that the cauldron ate his meat; the hostess gave him a horse with his back mutilated; he picked up a woman who had died of frost, hugged him like a wife; came to the ulus, did not tell the girls to frighten his horse, because his wife was ill; one girl farted, the horse stood on its hind legs, threw off the frozen woman; the owner gave his daughter to the man for her; she gave birth to a child, the man rocked him, told him in a song how it happened; stabbed pipe digger and died]: 51-52; Rassadin 1996, No. 27 [like Katanov; after hearing the truth, the wife killed her husband with an ax], 28 [the poor man's wife died, the husband is carrying a frozen corpse, seven girls laugh, the husband makes the horse stand on its hind legs, the corpse falls, the husband says that his wife is dead; gets a girl and a horse]: 59-61, 62-65; darhats [the khan's son was killed, the murderer asked the cunning man (Argat) to make death the khan's son would look like suicide; at night, Argata brought the dead body to the house of the victim's mother, began to ask his mother for food in his voice; the mother answered ruelly, the imaginary son said that he would hang himself then; A. left the corpse hanging; the khan doubted, sent for the shaman; A. tied the horses with tails, began to poke with a hot iron, turmoil arose, everyone ran out of the yurt, at which time A. drowned the shaman in a barrel of koumiss , he "found" himself; the khan was afraid that the shaman's son would take revenge; A. took the corpse to her relatives on a camel, attached awls to his boots, tied a blood bubble on his chest; threw pies to the children, they became pick up; A. pricked the camel to make it seem that he was mad because of the children, fell, pulling the corpse to the ground, the bubble burst; the shaman's son was afraid that the Khan's messenger was wounded, happy that he was at least alive ]: Potanin 1883, No. 49.6:249-250; Dongxiang [the old man and the old woman agreed that the sheep would be obtained by whoever had the vegetables cooked earlier; the old man transferred his vegetables to the old woman's cauldron and from her cauldron put his own; the old woman's vegetables were raw, the old man got a sheep; the old woman chased, tore off her tail, hid the sheep's tail in a box; llama to the old woman: how many times did she dig a shovel? If you don't count by tomorrow, I'll kill him; the tail boy from the box tells you to take it into the field and hide it under the basket; llame: how many traces did your horse leave? Lama to an old woman: how much hair is on your head? tail boy: what about your horse? The llama tells the old woman to give him her grandson; the tail boy tells her to agree; the llama left the boy in the hay, set fire to the hay at night; he screamed: the old woman's grandson has burned down! tail boy: the llama's horse burned down; at night, the boy lay down where the llama had put his saddle and put the saddle in its place; at night, the llama threw his saddle into the river; "The water took the old woman's grandson away!" tail boy: the llama's saddle has been carried away by water; the tail boy eats balls - fried flour with honey; tells the llama to feed the dog flour, beat it, it will leave the balls; it is impossible to eat what the dog has left; the tail boy sent the llama for honey; the bees began to bite, the llama screams for the boy to kill them; he killed the llama with a hammer; hid it in the chest; the porters stopped for the night; the boy told them what was in the chest silver; they took the chest; when they found the dead man, they left him standing in a pea field; the landlord threw a lump of land at him, the corpse fell, the man thought he had killed another; the porters fled, leaving the cattle and things, but having seized the llama's body; the boy took cattle and things]: Todayeva 196:85-87; Buryats: Barannikova et al. 1998, No. 29 [old man Tabhalaikhan gave the wolf a bull, a cow, a son and a daughter; finds a bare shoulder blade , asks the old woman to cook, says that her cauldron ate the meat from the shoulder blade, gets a cauldron; in another house he passes the cauldron for a sheep, says in the morning that the owner's sheep ate it black, gets it; in another house she smears with the blood of his black sheep, the faces of twenty white; gets them; finds a dead woman; says his wife is shy; the corpse falls, he says his wife is dead; gets the owner's wife; exchanged sheep for 70 red cows, began to live well with his wife]: 125-129; Gomboev 1890, No. 6 [an orphan hears two crows talking under a tree: if you stab a piebald mare, Khartagan Khan's son will recover; he goes to the khan, his they drive away: they already have a shaman; an orphan ties a basket to the stallion's tail, scares off the herd, everyone runs out into the street, an orphan drowns the shaman in a tub of sour milk; the returnees think that the khan has a whorl from a person (legs stick out of the tub); the khan is afraid of revenge from the shaman's relatives, the orphan promises to help; taking the shaman's body, he comes on a bull to her relatives, distributes bread to the children, stabs the bull with an awl, he He throws off the orphan and the corpse, the orphan scolds the children that his mother was killed and maimed; when he returns, he heals the khan's son himself; when two features carry the soul of the khan's son, the orphan pretends to be hell; he is given Carry his soul; he says he is afraid of breast and neck fat, and devils say they are afraid of rose hips and hawthorn; he hides in hawthorn rose hips, devils throw fat in there, leave; the orphan lies under a tree; two people come, then four more; tell the Lama they want to become Burkhans; they jump down the mountain into the sea, go up to the sky, become the Big Dipper ("seven old men"); the lama envied them, turned into a scoter]: 58-63; Mongols: Borovkov 1938 (khalha) [Poppe 1932:22-25; seven bald brothers burned down the rastrepa's house; he collected ash and coals in bags carrying gold and silver; if they are wearing them see if they turn to ashes; the rich man insists that the rich man gives him a bag of gold and silver in return for the "missing treasures"; he tells the bald man that he has exchanged jewelry for ash; the brothers burned down their houses, went to sell ash, they were beaten; his brothers killed his cow; he poured blood into his gut, met seven camels with blue bald heads, painted them with blood; told the owner that the camels had red bald heads; they argued , the rastrepa received camels; told the brothers that he had exchanged camels for a gut full of blood; the brothers slaughtered their cows, went to exchange blood for camels, beat the brothers; the brothers killed his wife rastrepa; he said Khan, that his wife is the best needlewoman; put the corpse on a wild camel, led him to the khan; the dogs rushed at him, the camel stabbed the camel with an awl, he threw off the corpse, received a rastrep in exchange for his "dead" wife needlewoman; told the brothers he traded her for a dead wife; the brothers killed their wives, went to change, they were beaten; the brothers tied the rastrepa to the top of the tree, went to buy firewood to burn it; he told an old man looking for his horses that sitting in a tree heals his eyes; he changed with confusion, burned; rastrepa comes with horses, says that with smoke he rose to heaven to the dragon khan, his gifted; leads the brothers to the sea to catch horses, they throw themselves into the water, drown, the rastrepa took their property]: 40-46; Mikhailov 1967 [the old man tore off the goat's tail, he turned into a boy; steals an ax from noyon, eats an ox; noyon tells him to steal a ring from his wife, tells his wife to hide it in her mouth; the boy feeds meat to guard dogs, throws premature lambs to sleeping maids, sheep's testicles to noyona under his robe , lamam manure from the intestines of a ram, poured bile into the hanshi's mouth so that she spits the ring; everyone blames each other; drowns the shaman in a wineskin with koumiss; noyon promises a reward to whoever takes the dead home; boy takes a ferocious camel and an awl; when the dogs rush towards him, stabs the camel, he throws off the dead shaman, the boy pretends to have been thrown off, that the shaman is dead now; the noyon gives the boy a herd he returns to his parents]: 112-115; Potanin 1919a [Dondushi killed Mentysh's mother; his mother's blood serves as a means to buy seven camels; he tells D. that he exchanged them for his mother's corpse; they kill their mothers]: 30; Starodumova 2003 [seven bald Hozhgor brothers tease short Mozhgor; burned his cart; he carries a bag of ash to Khan, says that if opened, it will become soot, ash; and that's what happened , they give him a bag of gold; seven brothers burned their carts, brought coals to the khan, beat them with sticks; the brothers killed the Mozhgor calf; he collected a blood bubble, met seven white camels, painted them with blood, the owner did not recognize them; m told the brothers that the khan gave them to him instead of the dead calf; the brothers killed their calves, the khan drove them away; they killed M.'s mother; he carried the corpse on a camel, the khan's dog frightened him, the corpse fell; m tells the khan that his mother died because of his dog, the khan gave him living water, his mother came to life, gave property; m explains to the brothers that it was the water who shared the good, gave him; tells him to go to the water, look into it, there there will be seven bald water ambassadors, jump to them; brothers drowned]: 127-130; the Mongols of Inner Mongolia [seven bald men burned a stocky arba with firewood in a bald, killed his ox and mother; bald the stocky man brought a bag of ash to the khan's palace and told the children that if it was opened, the gold would turn into ash and coals; the minister promised to fill the bag with gold if that happened; the bald stocky man brought gold and said he sold ash; seven bald men each burned their arba, went to sell coals, they were beaten; the bald stocky man smeared blood on the white bald spot on the seven camels; the owner looked for them, but I was convinced that these camels had a red bald spot; the bald stocky man said that he had received camels from the khan in exchange for blood and calf manure; seven bald men killed their calves, carried blood and manure to the khan, them they beat again; the bald stocky mother's corpse put on a camel; the khan's dog barked, the body fell; the khan revived the deceased in special water, gave the bald stocky man money; he said to the seven bald men that his awarded the water khan; they jumped into the water and drowned]: Coyaud 2012, No. 66:144-147.

Western Siberia. Nenets: Golovnev 2004 (Gydan, Western 1979) [similar to other versions]: 269-273; Labanauskas 1995 [(=2001:194-200); Nardalë finds a fresh grave, puts on the dead man's clothes; finds another, puts a dead old woman on a sledge; on the camp pretends to be ashamed to enter with his grandmother; says she is shy; the owner sends two daughters for her; sledges fall into the ravine, N. pretends that her grandmother died of fear; receives for the owner's daughter who died as a wife; the wife's younger sister slaughts their newborn, says that N. got his wife for the dead old woman; N. cuts off her tongue; the girl is silent, the sister thinks she is crazy; the name shaman, she begins to talk about N.'s adventures; he shouts that pop has arrived, everyone runs out of the plague; N. kills the shaman, tells those who returned that she died of fear; the owner asks N. to take the deceased to her seven Khanty sons; N. puts the shaman on sledges as if alive; on the way, a hunter's arrow hits her; hunters promise N. fifty deer; near shaman N.'s house, sledges, shouts that pop has arrived; the shaman's sons shoot, N. pretends to kill their mother; gets two wives; the father of the first wife puts N. in an iron barrel to supposedly send him to the bottom for money; the barrel does not climb into the ice-hole, left for the night; a Russian finds a barrel, agrees to climb into it himself to get money; in the morning he is drowned; N. returns, his father-in-law is ready to climb to the bottom himself, N. dissuades him]: 151-158; Tonkov 1936 [ Nardaliko puts his deceased grandmother on sledges, comes to the Ostyatsky prince, says that he left his grandmother on the Ob; he sends his daughters, the sledge falls through the ice, N. receives the youngest in return for the allegedly deceased daughter to wife; a son is born, N. hears his mother asking him if he will also exchange dead old women for living wives; N. cuts off his wife's tongue; the shaman wants to find out why the woman is silent; N. shouts that they are coming enemies, pushes the shaman into the fire; summons to take her burnt down to her sons; shouts that they are dying, they chop the deceased, N. says that they cut her mother; for silence they give N. furs; the prince commands throw N. in a barrel under the ice; his servants leave him overnight on the ice; he tells a passing reindeer herder that he is mining gold; the reindeer herder takes his place, he picks up the load, the deer, says he has taken it from the bottom; prince tells him to throw him into the ice-hole in a barrel; N. becomes prince]: 194-200; Eastern Mansi: Kupriyanova 1960 (recorded from Russian, illiterate, speaks Mansi) [Yeremka sees mother with a stranger; calls underground, shoves his head into a barrel of kvass; tells his father that his mother is dead; puts him on the ground with a spinning wheel; the wedding drove over the woman; he is given a ransom for the murder of 500 rubles; he says that he has been to a country where the dead are being sold; everyone starts killing their relatives; they cannot sell them; the bosses lead E. to the king; on the way he fools them; the king is afraid of him, he tells him sooner take away]: 161-163; Kuzakova 1994 [as in Kupriyanov 1960]: 161-163; Mansi: Balandin 1938, No. 8 [Ekva-Pyris lives with his grandmother, put the meat pot on two wood stumps, it boils without fire; Usyn-Otyr-Oiki's two sons came, bought a boiler for two sets of clothes; they do not boil; next time he filled the body with sables and dried fish, pretended that his dog got everything and brought it himself; the sons of the UOO they bought a dog, he got nothing, their dogs tore it apart; EP tied a cow's neck with blood to his grandmother's throat; UO stabbed her with a knife in front of his sons, she fell; then plunged the knife into the ground, and the grandmother got up; UO sons buy a knife, cut their wives, they don't come to life; EP undertakes money to bury a dead girl; brings her to UO, leaves them in the ice-hole with a knife stuck in her chest; accuses UO daughters of killing girl; buys out UO's youngest daughter; lives with her; two other UOO daughters guessed the deception; EV hung them by the chin on the palisade; the shaman has almost figured out who the killer is; EP releases dogs to dried meat, screams that enemies are coming; everyone jumped out, EP drowned the shaman in a cauldron with fly agarics, explains that he fell himself; UO asks to take the dead away; EP sticks an arrow in the dead shaman's forehead, accuses two the people they meet, they give a rich ransom, a younger sister; comes to the shamans, who hacked their own son in the dark; EP flies away with a loon, the shaman chases with a hawk; EP descends, pierces the ice of the lake, becoming a needle, the shaman crashed on the ice; EP became a pike, swims with other pike; he grows horns; the shaman and the shaman catch him to the top, he became human, crushed them into pieces with an iron hammer; returns to his grandmother with two wives and a long wagon train]: 131-139; Chernetsov 1935 [Ekva-Pyrishch lives with his grandmother and younger brother; calls menkwa to help eat excess supplies; he eats everything, wants to eat his brother; E. invites him to come in autumn; pretends to be dead; menkv comes and eats his brother; E. returns, finds menkwa, says he has come to life, took a lot of fur for his brother; tells Usyng-Otyr's two sons that he is getting the beast for him a dog that the cauldron cooks meat itself; takes three deer for the dog, three more for the cauldron; ties a bag of blood to the grandmother's throat, pretends to kill her, that his knife revives it; sells a knife, they kill it with it her wives; E. pretends to be her own sister, W.'s sons marry her, she goes swimming with the girls, jumps into the water when they dive, turns into pike, swims away, becomes E.; in the fall E. comes for his allegedly drowned sister, he marries two daughters W.; the girls recognize him, he kills them, hangs them on trees; the shaman eats fly agarics, camlates to recognize the murderer; E. shouts that enemies are coming, throws the shaman at boiling pot; says that these are not enemies, but dogs, but the shaman has died; he is asked to take the dead to his father; sticks an arrow into the dead, pretends to be killed by hunters; E. gets sables from them; Shouts to the shaman's father that the devil has come, he cuts the dead, E. says that he killed his son; E. flew away with a loon, the shaman's father followed by a hawk; E. turns into a pike, the pursuer catches it; hits her together with his wife with a club, but they only beat each other; E. finishes off the old man, returns home]: 68-80; northern Khanty (Sherkal dialect) [people lead a horse ("a beast with a short mane, with small hooves"); A Mischievous man sits on top of an oak tree, telling him to tie his horse with a golden halter; the sorcerer tells the City Village Man that it was Heavenly God who ordered his horse to be tied, so he liked it; MS took this horse, rode it to the youngest daughter of the GDM; stabbed the horse, tied its larynx around his mother's neck, smeared his mother's face with blood as if she were blush; tied it to a knife on the table and to the pillow horsehair to pull; agreed with the mother that he would call a knife, it would come and then cut the mother's throat (i.e. the horse's larynx); left the horse (i.e. her corpse) on the roof; GDM sees that the knife is obeying the order, and the mother of MS has come to life and rejuvenated; gave her daughter for a knife; he stabbed his wife; tells his son to put MS in a bag and drown him in an ice-hole tomorrow; the sorceress sees the bag, MS replies that counts in it the money given by Heavenly God; the sorcerer untied the bag, MS put it in there; came to drown it, the sorceress says she counts the money; drowned; MS took out the body, smeared the deceased's face, put on a fur coat his mother, he hid his mother away; told the daughter of the GDM that he was escorting his mother to meet Heavenly God, and now she is near the ice-hole; the girl came up, pushed her, she fell into the ice-hole; GDM speaks daughter that she killed MS's mother; and he shows his mother in the morning, says that she has returned from the ice-hole; the wife asks MS why he does not meet Heavenly God; MS: he is angry; father-in-law sends a son for the sorcerer (the one who is drowned) to pray to Heavenly God; MS: Heavenly God made her the wife of the water spirit; they brought another sorcerer; she orders to cook fly agarics; son of the GDM: the enemy is coming! everyone ran outside, and MS quietly returned, put his head in the boiling pot and went out again; the GDM is afraid of revenge on her sons; MS promises to settle everything; the body is carrying; he cut his head with an ax on the way, he put a larch branch in his head, accused the sorcerer's sons that they had such a bad road; they gave MS fur, MS told at home that the sorceress had been turned young by Heavenly God with a head carrying deer horns]: Steinitz 2014, No. 12:86-103; Eastern Khanty (b. Yugan) [the nephew lives with his aunt, kills an elk; goes to the city, the merchant hires him to herd his horses; the merchant leaves, the guy watches the merchant, who always comes back drunk from the straw; watches, hears how the straw replies to the merchant that he has one bottle of white wine left, one of red wine; the guy brings a horse's skin to the straw, creaks it, says where the wine is, sells omniscient skin for gold; leaves for an aunt, kills her with an ax, puts her in a sleigh as if alive, accuses the merchant that he killed her, he pays gold; the guy tells the straw man that he earns money selling the dead; he kills his wife, tries sell him, he is driven; he wraps the guy in the skin of a horse for the night to drown him in the morning; the guy tells the passerby that he collects gold in his skin, he climbs in his place; freezes; the guy takes his cattle, tells the straw man what he got into the ice-hole; he asks him to wrap him in his skin, dies; the guy also takes his cattle]: Kulemzin, Lukina 1978, No. 112:121-125; Northern Selkups: Tuchkova 2004 [(Zap. Prokofiev); Aya (= Iche) puts on skis in the dugout, wasting time, dancing in the dugout and in front of the sledge; goes to the forest in the evening, spends the night nearby, takes her dugout for a bear den in the morning, He kills his grandmother with a palm tree instead of a bear; dresses her beautifully, sticks a knife into the wound, takes her to the king, shows off her beautiful bride; the royal daughters go to see, A. accuses them of murder, gets in compensation for the royal daughter as a wife]: 107-108; Tuchkova, Wagner-Nagy 2015, No. 38 (recorded by E.A. Khelimsky, Krasnoselkupsk, 1977) [approximately as in Prokofiev's record]: 178-179.

Eastern Siberia. Dolgans [Kaamyyylaak picked up frozen blood on the ice, came to the house, let him cook like his own meat, in the evening they did not find meat in the cauldron for the guest, he says he would die, he was allowed to pick up the deer; K. tore it up, planted male deer on the antlers, began to grieve in the morning, gave him these deer; K. dug the old woman's corpse in the cemetery, drove up to the camp, shouted to the children not to come, and then his old woman will be frightened and die; they broke the ban, the owners gave two girls in return; he told them to climb the larch, came to the rich man, he asked whose wealth was, K. says that his, calls to ask tangar (tantar) {deities}; the girls from above shout that K.: he drove the rich man away]: Efremov 2000, No. 21:305-309; Northwestern Yakuts [deceiver Kaday smears the bone with blood from nose, lets the hostess cook under the guise of a deer's thigh; accuses the owners of eating meat, gets two annual deer in return; in another house, orders the master's deer to be tied so that they do not care for him two; at night he kills his own, gets two females in return; digs up the corpse of a woman from the grave, arrives at a house where there are two girls; accuses them of killing his wife, gets them as his wife; on the way one girl He plants on a tree, another under a tree; looks at his reflection in the ice-hole, decides that he is rich there, rushes to take away his property, dies]: Gurvich 1977:180; Illarionov et al. 2008, No. 31 (Indigirsky, Abysky ulus) [old man Cheere Cheerekeen found a horse's skull, covered it with snow, which he mixed with blood from his nose, comes to people; pretends to be afraid that their cauldron is stealing; only bone is removed from the cauldron, the owners are forced to give the cow, otherwise HC promises to let the dogs - the bear and the wolf; brings it to another house, says that he is afraid that the dogs will eat the cow; rips open the cow's belly, throws it apart giblets between dogs, winds guts on the horns of master cows, gets two cows; in the next house he changes them for a dead child; in another house he hung the child's intestines on cow horns, scattered his hands- legs between dogs; HH got a girl with a boyfriend in return; when he comes to Ayyy's house, teaches them what to say; eats ayya's food; when he comes, he says this is his house; asks lower and upper predictors confirm; the hidden girl and the guy confirm; ayyy runs away, CH after him, ran into a female, hung and died; ayyy made the guy a friend, married the girl]: 327-339; Yakuts: Ergis 1964, No. 81 ( the place of recording is not specified; central?) [Onohochun Choohoon arranges Baai Hara Haan's son and Oloon Doloon to fight, kills the first in turmoil, promises to revive him for half his wealth; puts on the dead man's clothes, comes to to his parents and brothers and sisters, who drive him away, PTS hangs the deceased as if he hanged himself because he was driven away; promises to bring a shaman who will revive him; when she is ready to reveal the truth, she screams that horses trample on other horses, drowns a shaman in a bag of koumiss; promises to save her wolf children from revenge if he is given all the wealth; ties a blood bubble to the neck of a dead shaman; when wolf cubs jump around, warns them to be more careful, spurs the bull, the deceased falls, PTS pretends that she has just died; to revive her, the wolves must lower their tails into the ice-hole; the tails are frozen in ice, wolves are dead], 82 (Verkhoyansky) [approximately as in (81), =Illarionov et al. 2008, No. 28:293-301; =Sivtsev-Omolloon 1976:167-174; Shaman fox, she has wolf sons, fox daughters; one wolf, one face ran away with their tails cut off, the current ones come from them; for promising to settle the case with the drowned shaman, Oloon Doloon marries the owners' daughter]: 7-9, 13-16; Western Evenks (Angarsk) [Acaramo found in an old yurt, the deceased, stuck a knife into his lungs, left her, came to the yurts; replies that he did not bring his wife, i.e. she was a major girl, she could kill herself; people still followed her, saw a knife in her chest; promised A. for her another wife; he cries all; he was given two]: Petrova 1936, No. 2:150; Baikal Evenks (north of Transbaikalia) [Chamgchar went into a rich plague; there are no owners, a rich guest sleeps near the hearth, meat in the cauldron; C. ate meat, told the owner that the guest had eaten, he kicked the guest out; at night he got up, stabbed the cow, hid the meat; he volunteered to go after a shaman with children - foxes and wolves; he is afraid that the shaman will understand who stole a cow; tied birch bark to the horse's tail, set it on fire; everyone rushed after the horse, and C. pushed the shaman into the cauldron; volunteered to take the body to her children; put the shaman in the sleigh as if alive; when he arrived at her house, tells not to frighten the bull (who pulls the sleigh); he poked the bull in the side with an awl, the sleigh overturned, the body fell his head on the stump, the foxes and wolves are crying - the mother died; K.: I'll cut an ice-hole for everyone, sit in them and count the stars; count, the grief will pass; C. brought people to share their prey - frozen foxes and wolves]: Pinegina 2019:120-124; Baikal Evenks (Vitim) [Codon digs a girl out of the grave, leaves it near the pine tree near the house; the owner's daughters touch it, it crumbles, K. gets the owner's two daughters for the "murdered" wife or sisters; K. wraps their necks in their guts, says that he pricked their necks, made them beautiful; men stab their wives, they die; they want to burn Codon, he ties a trusting person instead of himself; K. returns, supposedly after being burned, sends greetings to the men from his deceased wives]: Voskoboynikov 1980:24-25; Evens [Carlam dug up a recently buried girl, brought Khagankan to his house; his daughter goes out to invite her into the house, the deceased falls, the daughter thinks she accidentally killed her; the father gives it to K. instead of the "killed" one; K. tells the brothers that the inhabitants of another village give beauties for the dead; they strangle their wives, drive them away; the brothers leave K. in a sack to burn; he says to a stranger who is sitting in a bag to become a shaman; a stranger climbs into a bag, for which he gives his clothes to K.; brothers burn a stranger; K. arrives, says that from the dead, that the clothes were made for him by them deceased mother; brothers ask them to be burned; K. lives happily with his wife]: Novikova 1958:70-72; 1987:74-76; Evens [a man comes to Nyonatikan (The White-Eyed Old Man), asks for news; on the third time he replies that under the man's wife's bed there is a young lover; this is Nivani from a neighboring village, a man kills him; Nyon. puts on the victim's clothes, comes to his sister; this is beautiful, her they keep her in the dungeon; says she wants to sleep with her; she refuses to sleep with her brother, who promises to kill himself, puts his old clothes on him, puts a knife in the wound; the shaman is called to find out the truth; when She already knows almost everything, Nyon. Shouts that enemies are coming, throws the shaman into a boiling pot; explains that she mistook trees for enemies; people think that the shaman is scalded on her own, they are afraid that her five sons will take revenge; Nyon. tells him to give him two deer with a bad character, carries meat and the deceased; meeting Nyon's sons. asks not to frighten the deer, drops the deceased, pretends that she is dead now, gives her Her sons allegedly received meat for camlana; they are satisfied, they reward Nyon.]: Jochelson 1926:292-295.

Amur - Sakhalin. Nanais: Aurora 1986, No. 12 (Garin) [Big Cunning brings his dead mother on sledges to the edge of the ice-hole, enters the house where the beautiful daughter is; asks the girl to call his deaf wife, pushing her; the deceased falls into an ice-hole, the Cunning gets the owner's daughter for his allegedly drowned wife; tells the Big Strongman that he exchanged his wife for his dead mother; he killed his mother, drove him, asks who replaces alive on the deceased; he was beaten; he burned down the Big Cunning's house; he put his guns in a bag, drove down the Amur River; {cut off} (in Medvedev 1992:9-12 similar text with sequel: The strongman offered for sale coal, he was beaten)], 33 (Naikha) [the boy found a bean in the garbage, baked a cake, stopped at the old woman's house; her rats gnawed a cake, he got a rat for it; then he exchanged the rat for a cat, a cat for a dog, a dog on a horse; found a beauty who had just been buried, put her on a horse; explained that his companion was deaf; the owner's daughter pushed her, the corpse fell into an ice-hole, the boy got a wife; she gave birth to a son; I heard my husband slaughter the child, describing in the song how he got his mother; hanged herself]: 63-64, 202-204; Kile 1996, No. 42 (Amur District, 1968) [The rogue steals firewood, tells Silach that the sledge and the ax themselves they work; The strongman borrowed a sledge, cuts off annoyance into pieces, burns the Rogue's firewood; he collects coals, comes to the jeweler, accuses him of stealing gold, the jeweler fills half the bag with gold and silver; the strongman burned his firewood, goes to exchange it for gold, he was beaten; he killed the Rogue's mother, who left the corpse in the ice-hole, walks into the house, says that his wife is deaf, the owner sends his daughter, she touches his "wife", the body falls into the ice-hole, the Dodger gets a girl as a wife instead of "killed," says Silach that he changed the dead to two alive; he orders to kill his mother, goes to change him alive, he has been beaten; he puts the Rogue in a bag to throw him into a lake of fire, leaves for a while; the Rogue says to a half-blind old man who drove four donkeys that he himself was blind and saw the light in the bag; the strongman throws the old man into the lake of fire; the rogue brings donkeys, brings the stolen goods, says that from the bottom; the Strongman tells him to throw him into the lake, burns; the old man and the Strongman complain to Enduri, who sends a wooden helper spirit; the rogue tells his wife that the firewood has come, the spirit is running away; E. sends a turtle , The Rogue stabs her; the cow (hits); the soldier, they ask what the Rogue is most afraid of; he says that cookies and candy, they are like a thick thicket; they throw cookies and candy at the Rogue; E. comes for A rogue, he offers to change clothes, jumps forward, tells E.'s entourage to kill the imaginary Rogue, takes the place of E.]: 375-389; Negidals [The cunning offers to steal a pig, the Strongman stole; H.: I suggested, my pig, we will ask Heaven; at a prayer by the tree, he hid his mother in a hole, who, on behalf of God, awarded the pig H.; S. poked with a stick at the place where the voice came from, mother H. died; he dressed up the corpse, brought him to the elder, left him in a sledge, said that his sister remained in the sledge, she could not hear well; the elder's daughter went, pushed the body, it fell into the ice-hole and drowned; H. received a daughter in compensation elders; said he exchanged his dead mother for his wife; S. killed his mother, went to change, the villagers almost killed him; H. and his wife burned coal, filled coolie, exchanged merchants for coolie, saying that they too fur; H. also went to change the coals, the merchants killed him]: Cincius 1982, No. 29:147-150; Wilta [Argaccia collected coal and covered it with branches; in the city he passed it off as fur ("he brought a lot of skins"); got a lot of money; Puxene went to sell coal, he was beaten; A. killed his mother, dressed her up, put the corpse at the well; went into the house, said that his wife was left on the street, he was told to bring her in, the girl went touched her shoulder, the body fell into the well, A. received the girl instead of the imaginary murdered ex-wife; A. told P. that he squeezed the murdered mother against the girl, "they regret the dead very much in the city"; P. killed his mother, went sold, beaten; P. put firewood on A. to burn; A.'s mother came from the dead, took his form and took his place; seeing that A. was alive, P. agreed to be burned; died]: Ikegami 2007, No. 16:62 -67.

Japan. Japanese (from Tohoku to North Ryukyu, but rarely - 9 versions) [one accidentally kills another; Clever advises putting a corpse against a gambling wall; players think someone watches them, beats the imaginary spy with a stick, the corpse falls, asks the Smart for help; he orders the corpse to be brought to the house of the deceased, asks his wife to open the door in his voice; when she refuses in anger (already night), the imaginary husband says he will drown himself, The smart one throws the corpse into the well; The clever advises the wife to steam the body, call the doctor, say that the husband has a fever; the doctor examines the "patient", tells his wife that her husband is dead ; she buries her husband; Clever got money from everyone for advice]: Ikeda 1971, No. 1537a: 251.

SV Asia. Forest Yukaghirs: Gogolev et al. 1975 (p. Ridiculous, Verkhnekolymsky District) [old people raise a bunny instead of a child; once they decided to eat it; while the old man makes spoons, the Bunny asks the old woman for torbas; she falls asleep, he runs away; the old man thinks that the old woman ate the bunny alone, ripped open her stomach, found nothing; put the corpse out in the cold, making it look like she was smiling; came to old men who have two daughters; said that he left his friend outside; the girls followed her, she fell; the old man says that his wife was killed, gets one of the girls; he trapped a bunny, his wife cooked, and a lot of clothes were sewn out of her skin]: 236-237; Jochelskon 1900, No. 6 [ the old hare had a son; the wolf invited the hare to go fishing; and then play; let's fight: whoever wins will break his belly; the wolf defeated the hare; the hare: don't tear my belly off, After all, they played; the wolf picked him up; fought again, the hare won; wolf: the game is after all; the hare killed him, brought him into the house, the hare's mother was happy; the she-wolf followed the trail, promised to bring the bosses; the hare by night I made a big grass house; wolf, bear, elk, wild deer came; bear: hare householder, wolf complains about you; hare: come in first, I'll feed everyone; come in, the hare outside locked the door, the house is set on fire, everything died; the fabulous old man looked through the chimney: give me food; the hare ordered to lower the belt, tied it to a pole: pull; old man: why is it so tight? hare: a lot of meat; the old man pulled, the hare cut off his belt, the old man fell off the roof, crashed; the food ran out, the mother sent the hare to fish, he did not get anything; hit himself on the nose, blood in the snow of the glass, her hare froze, told his mother that he had brought a male wild deer; the mother made porridge out of it, the hare did not eat, said that he was full; the mother ate, went to bed, died; the hare put her on a sledge, left her by the tree, went into a house where the old man has three daughters; he also tells his mother to invite; hare: she is in poor clothes; the old man sent daughters with good clothes; the old woman does not answer, they pulled, she fell, broke in half; hare: they My mother was killed, now who will repair my clothes? old man: choose any daughter for yourself; the hare took the youngest; met a black-brown fox: food in the barn, bring everyone; the foxes gathered in the old man's barn, the hare locked him; the old man: here are the deer - the bride's ransom; the old man killed all the foxes, the hare and his wife live]: 11-16; tundra yukaghirs (p. Kolymskoye, Nizhnekolymsky District) [the elder brother likes to cook, the middle brother likes to hunt, the youngest likes to deceive; smeared his shoulder blade with blood from his nose, rolled in the snow, came to people, asked if their cauldron would steal it meat, if you cook a shoulder blade in it; owners: then we will give two deer; there was only a bone in the cauldron, the trickster got deer; came to people whose two boys died; undertook to bury them, giving the deer; I came to large families: if your dogs bite my children, give yours; at night he fed the corpses to dogs; put one on a tree, hid the other in the snow; told the rich man that half of the deer were his; that agreed to ask the gods of heaven and earth; the hidden boy answer; the trickster returned home; no one loves him]: Kurilov 2005, No. 41:351-359; Chukchi (recent borrowing) [rich uncle did not like poor nephew; wants to starve him, but his uncle's daughter feeds the boy; warns that his uncle is going to kill him at night; the boy changes places with his grandmother, the uncle cuts off the old woman's head; the boy brings the victim on a sledge to the village, his head falls off, he accuses the local people, who give him barrels of wealth; he explains to his uncle that he sold the deceased; he cuts off his wife's head, tries sell, he is driven; the uncle puts the boy in a bag, carries him to drown, leaves him; the man climbs into the bag instead of the boy {it is not said why}; the uncle drowns him; the boy finds three goldfish, sold them for five barrels of coins; says he got them at the bottom; his uncle tells him to drown, the boy lives happily]: Portugalov 2009:33-35.

(Wed. The Arctic. Polar Eskimos (obviously Hebrew) [A European ship comes up, everyone runs away; Kasigiak kills her mother, ties her to a sledge, tells white people that she is thirsty, but she is deaf and must be beaten; she is watered, beaten, K. says that whites have killed his mother, receives gifts from them; tells his people that whites love the dead; many killed their children or wives, brought them to white people, but received nothing]: Holtved 1951b, No. 56:90).