Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Introduction
Bibliography
Ethnicities and habitats

M91c1. The herd from the bottom. .11.-.17.21.-.23.26.-.39.

The character (pretends to) take possession of someone's property (usually setting the owner to be killed instead of him), says that he got everything at the bottom of the river, in the abyss, etc., to him they believe.

Kikuyu, Gusias, Comorians, Sakata, Zombo, Gyula, Mandingo, Soninke, Kassonke, Mosi, Cran (Guere), Grebo, Senufo, Dagari, Temne, Diola, Dogon, Mungaka, Mukulu, Amhara, Tigre, Afar, Malgashi, Sudanese Arabs, Kabilas, Berbers of Morocco, Arabs of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Spaniards, Aragon, Portuguese, Basques, Sicilians, Corsicans, Ladins, Medieval Latin, French (Lorraine) , Lower Brittany), Walloons, Bretons, Irish, Germans (Grimms), (Alsatians), Palestinians, Iraqi Arabs, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Mehri, Aramais, Kirati, Lepcha, Lhota, Rengma, Mikir, Garo, Monk, Palaung, Vieta, Muong, Khmu, Kumaoni, Assamese, Bengalis, Kannada, Tamils, Malayals, Sinhales, Santals, Ho, Haria, Agaria, Kondas, Koreans, Chinese, Albanians, Serbs, Bulgarians, Macedonians, Greeks, Hungarians, Romanians, Poles, Slovaks, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Moscow, Tambov, Kursk, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Chernivtsi, Poltava), Belarusians, Czechs, Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Stavropol Turkmens, Abazins, Ossetians, Terek Cossacks, Ingush, Nogais, Terek Cossacks, Kumyks, Dargins, Rutultsy, Lezgins, Megrelians, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Yagnobs, Vakhans, Ishkashim, Munjan, Rushans, Bartangans, Yazgulyam, Sarykol, Persians, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Mountain Tajiks, Pashtuns, Lithuanians, Latvians, Karelians, Western Sami, Norwegians, Swedes, Komi-Zyrians, Udmurts, Chuvash, Mordovians, Mari, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Karakalpaks, Dungans, Altaians, Kumandins, Shors, Khakas, Tuvans (Khemchik), South Altai Tuvans, Buryats, Oirats (Durbuts), Khalkha Mongols, Ordos Mongols, Dagurs, Nenets, Northern and Eastern Khanty, Southern and northern Selkups, Nganasans, Evens, (Vitim Evenks), Viluisky (?) Yakuts, Nanais, Japanese (from Tohoku to northern Kyushu), Ainu, forest and tundra Yukaghirs, and Chukchi.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Kikuyu [has two wives each son, Wamogumo (Wm) and Wakogumo (Wk); his parents died, his father left a donkey to each; while Vk was away, Vm stabbed his donkey out of envy; Vk made belts out of his skin, with sold it profitably; said Vm that he sold meat; he killed his donkey, tried to sell meat in vain; out of revenge he killed Vk's mother {before that, both wives of the brothers' father died}; Vk put the corpse on a donkey, came to to the owner of 200 goats, said that his mother would give him money, he pushed her, the corpse fell, Vk. accused the man of murder, got his goats, told Vm that he sold the deceased; Vm killed his mother, went to sell at bazaar, he was beaten; Vm suggested that Vk try to climb into the narrow-necked basket, braided it, threw it into the lake; she fell into the shallow water; Vk shouted to the shepherd that the person in the basket would receive God's message; the shepherd freed Vk, climbed into the basket, Vk drowned him, took the herd, said Wm that he took it out at the bottom of the lake; Vm ordered him to be drowned in the basket, drowned]: Gagnolo 1952, No. 6:10-14; geese [ The bad man worked for a European, he paid, gave a horse, told her to swallow the money so that it would not be stolen; when they saw the money in manure, two older brothers bought a horse; convinced of the deception, they carried the Bad Man to to drown the basket, left; the bad man persuaded the European to get into the basket instead of him; the brothers drowned him; the unlucky one brought his herd, told the brothers that he had got them at the bottom; the brothers told the Bad Man to them drown]: Vinogradov 1984, No. G16:322-324; Comorians [Bwanawasi is caught, the leader tells him to drown in a bag; the bag is left by the sea at low tide; the shepherd drives the herd, B. shouts that he does not want to marry the chief's daughters; the shepherd changes places with them; B. drives the herd to the chief, tells us how wonderful it is at the bottom; advises you to tie a stone to your feet to descend faster; everyone threw themselves into the sea, the chief's daughter remains, B. married her, they have many children]: Haring 2007, No. 57:116; sakata [the Bobee antelope feeds the Leopard peanuts, says she cooked it by adding her mother's teeth; teeth have fallen out of old age; the leopard knocks out his mother's teeth, she dies; binds B. to drown; B. tells the Mbuli antelope that he was tied because he refuses to become a leader; M. agrees take the place of M.; the leopard drowns him; B. establishes a rich village; tells Leopard that he has got the good at the bottom of the river; the Leopard asks him to be thrown into the river; M. takes him to the middle of the river, drowns him; takes him for himself his wives]: Colldén 1979, No. 174:345-346; zombo [Gazelle-Nzesi gives Leopard wine, says it's palm juice; the leopard collects juice, the guests spit; the Gazelle pretends to be poisoned by wine himself; The leopard sees fish in the Gazelle pond, makes his own, does not feed, the fish is dead; the Gazelle is cooking corn, says these are his mother's teeth; the leopard pulled out his mother's teeth, they do not boil; the Gazelle quietly changed with corn, the Leopard thinks it's all right; the Gazelle beats the game in the fenced grove, the Leopard comes hunting when the grove is empty; the Gazelle buried its mother; when the Leopard's mother dies, the Gazelle interferes collect water for washing, the corpse is eaten by pigs; the leopard puts the Gazelle in a bag, drags it to drown; leaves a bag to eat honey; the Gazelle screams that he does not want to be king; Antelopa-Nkai climbs into the bag instead of the Gazelle; The leopard drowns him; the Gazelle is rich, tells Leopard that his mother in the underwater village gave gifts; the leopard allows himself to be drowned]: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:244-250.

West Africa. Gyula [Sologon is pregnant; Karamogo's son from the womb asks when he will be born; S. replies that the speaker in the womb should know for himself; after birth, he asks when to start walking etc., receives the same answers; sells to the evil king a horse, which supposedly defecates with gold; the king orders K. to be caught and drowned; he tells the guard that, while in a bag, he is talking to his ancestors; the guard agrees to take his place; K. drowns him, brings gold to the king as a gift from his ancestors; the king tells him to drown, K. takes his place]: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:158-160; mandingo [Nyameu speaks in his mother's belly, comes out ahead of time, gives himself a name; talks to a sage in the cradle; he turns out to be smarter than the leader (if my father could not give birth, how did your bull give birth, it was my cow); the leader orders to dig a hole with stakes, N. quietly removes the stakes, replaces him with straw; fails, but is alive; the leader tells him to drown; the servants leave the bag; N. shouts out of the bag that he does not want to be the leader; the leader's relative changes places with him, is drowned; N. rode all in the mud, on a wet horse, says that there are many horses at the bottom, but everyone can take only one; the chief and all his relatives behave drown, N. becomes chief]: Mendelssohn 1971:181-187; soninke [when dying, a man named Fraudster leaves his son Gaara Koutaana (“liar”) a horse and gold, teaches that lies will always overcome the truth; GK feeds pieces of gold to the horse, pulls them back out of the manure; the king orders to sell the horse, the GK pretends not to want to, gets a hundredth of everything the king has; tells him to lock the horse for a month, feed them through the window; but a month later there is only manure in the stable; when he is summoned to the king, negotiates with his grandmother, hangs a bag of blood under her clothes, kills her in front of the king's eyes; says that he has a magic broom and a calebas with water, touches an imaginary corpse with a wet broom, the grandmother comes to life; the king buys a calebas broom for two-thirds of the kingdom, kills the eldest son, the mother, his beloved wife, cannot revive; sends servants drown the GK; he is carried in a bag, he shouts that a boar, a wild cow are running by, the servants do not react; that a beast is running with gold in his ears; it is true that the servants are running after the beast; GK shouts that he does not want to be king; the fulbe passing by changes places with him; GK on a Fulbe horse catches up with the beast, takes the gold; the servants drown the fulbe; GK comes to the king in a luxurious outfit, sends greetings from the king's late father, he tells his son to visit him; his mother, son, wife killed by the king also live perfectly there; the king orders to light a fire in the pit, throw it there; the GK becomes king]: Dantioko 1978:109-119; cassonke [after Samba's young son remained dead; assured his mother that he would not yield to his father's skills; brought to the king a chicken, which supposedly defecates in gold, the king gave her a hundred slaves; agreed with his mother that she pretended to be dead when he hit her in the presence of the king; tied a bubble of bovine blood to her stomach; her mother began to interrupt S., who seemed to stab her; moistening her ox's tail and hitting it, as if revived her; The king bought a tail for 200 slaves; stabbed his mistress, but could not revive it; ordered S. to be put in a wineskin, sent slaves to throw him into the river; the slaves left their wineskin until the evening; when S. heard the marabou approach, S. shout that he did not want to go to heaven; the marabou untied the bag, climbed into it himself; the marabou was drowned, and S. took its gold, brought it to the king, said that it was a gift from his deceased parents; the king and his entourage told them drown, S. became king]: Monteil 1905:65-73; mosi [the liar is dead, the chief asks his son if he will become a worthy heir to his father; the young man replies that his father has left him a horse that defecates gold; let the horse swallow a piece of gold, this piece was found in horse manure; the chief bought the horse for herds of cattle, left it in the stall; when nothing was found in the manure, he demanded the young man to come to him; he tied a bubble of chicken blood to his mother's throat, told the chief to answer rude; she replied, her son cut her with a knife, bleed, her mother fell, the son cut off the horse's tail, waved at his mother, she stood up; the chief exchanged his tail for cattle; one day his mistress answered him rude, he stabbed her, tried to revive her unsuccessfully; ordered the young man to be sewn into the stomach of a bull, throw it into the river; he entrusted it to the boys; they left the bag they chased a lame animal; a man walked by, carrying a bag of gold; the young man said that the chief told him to be thrown into gold mine, the man offered to change with him; he was thrown into the river, and the liar came on horseback wearing better clothes and gold; the chief asked him to be sewn into a wineskin, thrown into the river; the liar did it; said in the village that the chief was happy and ordered him to be made chief]: Sissao 2010, No. 27:71-74; rowing [all the leader's wives have children, one is childless; sorcerers say that she will give birth to an adult young man; he appears, his name is Kawa; the father and his entourage are afraid of him; the father gives K. a bag, tells him to carry it home; K. prepares to pierce the bag with a spear, a warrior jumps out into the forest; next time K. is offered to dance by digging a trap hole and covering it; K. throws a spear there; the leader tells K. to put K. in a bag and throw them into the river; they went to pick mushrooms; K. says to the goat who came up that only there it was possible to climb to heaven alive; the goat changed places with K., drowned; K. accumulated wealth, came to the leader, said that got everything from the spirits at the bottom of the river; the chief and his men tell them to be thrown into the water in bags; drowned]: Pinney 1973:282-285; crane (here) [(no beginning; little liar says he's tied to make him eat 20 plates of rice; pretends to be extremely reluctant to give way to a spider; when he gets into the water, he gives off the voices of perfume; - Why are you alone, where is your brother, we have so many goodness! all villagers jumped into the water and drowned; the woman mistook the returning liar for a spirit and followed him]: Paulme 1976:224-225; senufo [the liar Fangnignafo has a son a liar, and the grandson says he is nobody does not deceive; he fed the horse several gold coins, shows the chief how they fall from under his tail; he pays with cattle, women and gold, receives a horse; realizing that they have been deceived, the leader summoned F.-grandson; he He tied his mother's stomach filled with blood under her handkerchief in advance; arranged for her to come to curse him, and pretended to cut her throat; then he soaked the buffalo tail in a calebass with water, sprinkled the mother and she “came to life”; the leader took a tail and stabbed his eldest wife, but she did not come to life; the leader ordered F.-grandson to be drowned, putting him in a bag of buffalo skin; the servants left the bag by the river, went to eat fruit; When a Fulbe shepherd approaches, F. the grandson starts screaming that he does not want to become king; the shepherd changes places with him; he tells the chief that he has received a herd at the bottom of the river, and the leader's late grandparents send he had a honey dish (which F.-grandson asked his grandmother to cook); the chief tells him to throw him in a bag into the river, drowned; F.-grandson took his place]: Diep, Bamba 2007, No. 48:162-168; dagari [in In the presence of Chief Der, hits the mother with a stick, she pretends to be killed; then smears her with medicine, her mother comes to life; the chief buys medicine, quarrels with his wife, kills her, tries to revive her unsuccessfully; the servants carry D . drown, left by the river; he tells a passerby that his house is the best, a passerby climbs into a bag, drowned; D. comes to the chief in rich clothes; says that the leader's deceased younger brother is richer than him, waiting for him {obviously, the leader is drowning}; during the funeral, D. tells the color to climb under the coffin, broadcast from there, as if the leader appoints D. as receiver; the civet does not receive the promised bull for this, wants to expose deception, D. promises the hawk a chicken if he takes the civet; the hawk took him, D. took him to the chicken coop, killed him there]: Métuolé Somba 1991:21-24; dark [the king is jealous of the young man's wealth; adviser suggests sending for the leaves of a tree on which poisonous ants; white ants get leaves for the young man; the young man must choose the right cow in the herd, the butterfly sits on it; the young man is invited to sit on a mat placed above a hole in which knives and broken glass; the young man pokes the mat with a stick, opening a hole; the king orders to put the young man in a bag, throw it into the river; the servants left the bag, the passer-by untied it, the young man put stones in a bag; said that he was crowned king at the bottom and now wanted to crown the counselor; people drowned the counselor, left the young man alone]: Cronise, Ward 1903:249-256; catch-up [ the lover's wife, the man put him in a wineskin and sent another to drown him; he went away out of need; at this time the Fulbe was driving cattle; the man in the bag began to scream that he could no longer eat honey; the fulbe changed with him, drowned; the man brought his cattle, said that from the bottom; the husband asked him to drown him; since then, the young have not been drowned]: Paulme 1976:56; mungaka [returning from the city, the tailor hid the coins in his ears horses; towards 40 robbers; the tailor was whipped by a horse, it ran, coins fell down; robbers believe that money falls every time a horse runs; they buy it for a lot of money; the tailor teaches: everyone should ride a horse for a week and not tell others what happened to them; only when everyone rides, then they can; in the end, the robbers realized that they had been deceived and went to the tailor; agreeing with wife, he hid behind the house; the wife sent the dog to tell her husband that he had guests; the tailor waited and came in; the robbers believed that the dog had told him everything herself; the robbers bought it for big money; everyone should use it again for a week and not tell others anything; now the robbers put the tailor in a bag and carried it to drown it; fell asleep with the bag on the ground; another thief came up, who stole a pig and a piece of cloth; a tailor from a bag: I don't want to marry a princess; the thief climbed into the bag instead of him; the tailor told the robbers that they threw it to where his dead father gave it to him cloth and pig; he will also give the robbers, but not before they are all at the bottom; the robbers have drowned]: Meyer 1942, No. 3:144-149; mukulu [Kalbati from his mother's womb tells her to give birth to him; has passed for a while and he tells her to lie down with a stranger; her father sends him to buy tobacco; K. does not go to the one pointed out by his father, but to the one with whom his mother slept; after receiving tobacco, he does not leave; says that the father Po sent him to grab his mother's lover; the man threw his hoe and ran away; K. explains to his father that a dead gazelle was found nearby and everyone was running for meat; the father also threw his hoe and ran; K. tells the same thing to the mother, tells her to run, taking the basket; when they reach the chief, all three cannot explain why they ran; K. provokes the chief to gather the girls by the river, and tells the Arab to go there for beer, dressed him in his own clothes; the Arab was drunk and drowned, and the herd went to K.; people thought they had drowned K.; believed that he had taken cattle at the bottom; the chief gathered them all; first the children drowned, then the men, then the men, then chief; but the women did not jump into the water; K. met with them for two nights; conceived boys the first, girls on the second; became a leader]: Jungraithmayr 1981, No. 16:74-78.

Sudan—East Africa. Tigre [Beiho came out of her mother's womb to help her draw water into her wineskin and put it on her shoulders; when born and raised, fill the animal's esophagus with blood, tied it around the mother's neck; she came brothers, B. pretends to be furious at how slowly her mother cooks food, as if she cuts her throat, gushes blood; then tells her to come to life; mother's brothers kill wives, they do not come to life; mother's brothers burned down house B; that collects ash, leaves bags of ash in something in the house under the guise of valuables; when he returns, he takes valuables; tells his uncles that he sold ash; they burn their houses, no one needs ash; uncles kill cattle B.; B . dries their skins, lowers merchants down the mountain, they think that enemies have attacked, leaves all their property; B. takes it, tells his uncles that he sold their skins; they kill their cattle, no one buys skins; uncles they tie B. to the back of a mount, take him to drown, leave; he tells the shepherd that he was tied because he does not want to be a leader; the shepherd has been drowned, B. brings his cattle, says he has found him at the bottom of the pond; uncles and all their relatives drowned; to seduce the chief's daughter, B. comes to her disguised as a girl, sister B.; seeing that the chief's daughter is pregnant, her relatives decide to extradite married to sister B. (i.e. B. himself in women's clothes); the imaginary bride asks for permission to ride a horse, galloped off; in the guise of a man, B. tells him to return his sister; in return he is given the chief's pregnant daughter, he is happy]: Littmann 1910, No. 16:19-25; amhara [one of the seven brothers is a dwarf, the others stabbed him to a bull; he caught mice with mice, climbed a tree, shook off the mice at the merchants, who ran away, he took possession of their property, said he bought it by selling their skins; the brothers slaughtered their bulls, got nothing; they burned the dwarf's house; he collected ash in bags, sprinkled it with teff on top, stopped for the night; said that his flour had been stolen Negus, replaced them with ash and teff; the owner put flour in his bags; the brothers burned their houses, went to sell ash, beat them; the brothers put the dwarf in a basket, left him at the edge of the abyss; he answered the traveler, that he was sitting to be cleansed from his sins; the traveler swapped places with him, the brothers threw the basket into the abyss, the dwarf returned on the traveler's mule, said mules in the abyss; the brothers asked them to be thrown off, died]: Bystrov et al. 1962:46-49; Afar [the rich man promised the poor man 300 pounds if he stayed in the river overnight; the mother burned a fire on the shore all night; in the morning the rich man refused to give the money: you warmed up like fire; Abunauwas agreed to help; told the poor man to slaughter oxen, invite him to a feast; people came and saw that the meat was laid out in one place and the fire was made in another; A.: and warm up with a fire on On the shore, if you are in the water, is it possible? the rich man gave the poor man the money, but told the servants to put A. in a bag and throw it into the sea; they left the bag and went to drink water; A. tells the shepherd that he was put in a bag because he did not want to become a leader; he swapped places with him, drowned; A. took the herd, met three people who were supposed to drown him; said that the herd was from the bottom; they sailed on the ship; A. told him to blindfold; said he would jump first, and then let them; throw a stone, they think it was A. jumped, drowned]: Reinisch 1885, No. 6:14-20; Sudanese Arabs [the guy puts coins under the donkey's tail, goes with him, coins are pouring in, the merchant buys a donkey; he leaves only manure; the merchant goes to the boy; he takes a deer, tells his mother to bring food when he lets go of the deer; the merchant comes in, the guy offers lunch, lets the deer go, a minute later, the mother brings in food; the merchant buys a deer; sends his wife to prepare breakfast; the deer runs away into the desert; the merchant sees his wife sleeping, kills; the boy tells his mother to say he is dead , bury him, leaving a hole; the merchant looks into it, the guy cuts off his nose with scissors; the merchant carries the guy in a bag to drown, stops, falls asleep; the guy tells the shepherd that he is sitting in a bag, for refuses to marry his cousin; the shepherd changes places with him, the boy brings a herd of goats; the merchant and other residents threw their sons into the river to bring goats from the bottom]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 55:192-194; Malgashi [Hiccups caught stealing; he was wrapped in matting to be thrown into the water; when the guards gaped, I. convinced a passer-by woman to take his place, appeared in the village with many stolen jewels; said he found them in the river; the villagers asked to throw them into the water, which I. immediately fulfilled]: Sumtsov 2015:135.

North Africa. Kabila: Arezki 2010 [an orphan lives with an uncle and aunt; an aunt tells her husband to take him to the forest and tie him to a tree; an orphan tells the shepherd that he is voluntarily attached because the tree is young — he was like that As old as a shepherd; the shepherd allows himself to be tied, the orphan brings his herd; the aunt now tells the husband to drown the orphan; he tells the young man that he is being forced to marry, the young man climbs into the bag, drowned at sea, an orphan brought his herd; his aunt believes that the herd is from the bottom; one by one she sends her sons, her husband follows her; they are all drowned, the orphan has taken possession of everything]: 39-42; Reesink 1977 [Teigneux, his the father is dead, he has a calf; his uncle has two oxen; he sends him to herd an ox and a calf; the oxen are skinny, the calf is getting fat; uncle: look, boar! T. shot — it turned out to be his calf, he killed him; T. took off his skin; when it smelled, he carried it to the bazaar, threw it away on the way, and threw 10 su to a man with 40 reais at the bazaar; began to shout that 40 reais and 10 su had been stolen from him; he was told to give T. all his money; T. told his uncle that he sold the skin, the more smelly the more expensive; his uncle stabbed his oxen; he was driven out of the bazaar with sticks; his uncle took him to the sea to drown; T. walked in front and told the shepherd that they wanted to give him a car, but he was afraid; the shepherd went instead of him, sat by the sea, wearing burnus T., his uncle drowned him; T. brought the herd: with bottom; uncle also wants to get sheep; T.: throw a dog into the sea; she drowned; T.: she is the one who eats sheep; uncle threw his wife into the sea; understood the deception, chased T., tied him to a tree in the forest; an old man comes; T.: me too was old and younger; the old man untied him and let himself be tied; taking the old man's mule and money, T. returned to his uncle; they began to live separately without interfering with each other]: 144-147; the Arabs of Tunisia [Juha pass relatives cows, for which he was given a calf; the calf is getting fat, the cows are skinny; relatives killed a calf, D. asked for the skin; sold it for one coin; tied a red lace to it; two share a treasure; D. threw his marked coin in there, said that his treasure, let them see, was a coin with a red lace; he was given half; he told his relatives that he had received a lot of money for the skin, and he should wait for it to rot; they slaughtered all the cows, went to sell their skins when they had larvae; they beat their relatives; they put D. in a bag, carried them to drown them in the sea; went to drink milk, fell asleep; D. tells the shepherd that he is being taught in order to master the wisdom of the book of destinies; the shepherd asks him to change his clothes and remain silent when carried, otherwise he will be thrown into the sea; the shepherd was drowned; D. brought a herd; tells people to drown their children — herds will be brought in in in the evening; widow: I have no children; D.: throw the dog into the sea; the dog has swam out; then D. told me to tie a stone around her neck; night has come, D. told people they were idiots; he was tied to a tree in the desert to be eaten by lions; a richly dressed rider was riding; D. said that the one tied to this tree was getting younger, he was 100 years old and now 30; the rider asked for a change of seats; D. returned on a good horse well dressed]: Stumme 1893:136-140; the Arabs of Libya [when Si'Djeha is still very young, he herded cows and his calf among them; that was the fattest; one day he returned, and his calf was eaten by neighbors; S. went to sell the skin, got one small coin; drilled a hole in it and tied a red thread; on the road, two share the gold he found; S. quietly tossed his coin, said that his gold, the two saw the coin, believed, gave S. half of the gold; when he returned, he said that he had received money for the skin; relatives slaughtered their cattle; S. advised not to rub salt into their skins; the skins rotted; such sellers were beaten at the bazaar; they put S. in a bag, carried them to drown; tired, asked the shepherd to give them milk; fell asleep; C . shepherd out of a bag: here I am reading a book of fate; the shepherd asked permission to change places; he was drowned in the sea; S. brought a herd — there are a lot of cattle at the bottom; we must put the children in bags, thrown into the sea, to cattle would be brought in in in the evening; after that, relatives left S. tied to a tree in the desert; a rider arrived; S. told him that he was a century-old man, and this tree was younger; the rider changed with S. places and clothes]: Bushnaq 1987:266-269; Berbers of Morocco, Arabs of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt: El-Shamy 2004, No. 1535:842-843.

Southern Europe. Spaniards (Murcia) [a deceiver sells a hat that supposedly pays itself; a donkey that weeds gold; a postman hare; in most versions, he hides a vessel of wine or bleeding under his shirt the animal's liver, stabs a knife, plays the flute, the wife “resurrects”, the husband sells the flute, the buyers kill the wives; the deceiver is put in a bag, carried to drown, left for a while; he screams that he does not want to marry on the princess, the shepherd takes his place, drowned, the deceiver drives sheep — supposedly from the bottom; the deceiver's counterparties jump into the water and drown]: Hernández Fernández 2013, No. 1535+1539:228, 231; Aragon [the poor farmer makes it so that the rich man kills his horse {obviously the story of the allegedly sold skin} and his wife; the rich man believes that the poor donkey defecates with gold; after all the rich is going to drown the poor, but leaves the bag by the river; the poor screams that he does not want to be king, the shepherd climbs into the bag instead of him, is drowned; the poor man brings sheep, says he received each for every stone that a rich man threw on a drowned bag]: González Sanz 1996, No. 1535:123-124; the Portuguese [a rich farmer imitates a poor man, loses; manure sold under the guise of an ointment; the rich kills the poor man's horse; burns his house, he deceives ash for gold, says he sold ash; enters the house where the mistress takes his lover with her skin; pretends that the skin indicates where food is hidden, lover {obviously the skin is sold for a lot of money}; a rich man cuts his cows (horse), kills his wife (mother) to sell fat as a healing ointment; the poor are carried in a bag to drown, he changes in places with a shepherd, {drives the herd — supposedly from the bottom}, the rich man drowns; other motives: the animal supposedly wears gold; the hat pays its debts; an imaginary magic object revives the dead; the postman hare; the dead the body is passed off as alive]: Cardigos 2006, No. 1535+1537:316-318; Basques: Barbier 1931, No. 6 [the king arrives; the man, having removed the cauldron from the fire, takes it out into the yard, says that the pot is cooking himself; the king buys it for a lot of money; a man negotiates with his wife; let him tie a wineskin of red wine to his chest; when the king comes and becomes angry, accuses his wife, stabs her, and wine will flow, which the king will take it for blood, and the husband will revive his wife by hanging on a whistle; the king buys a whistle, stabbed his wife, but she does not come to life; the king orders to put the man in a bag, drown him; the servants left the bag in front of the tavern; the man screams that she wants to marry a princess; the shepherd exchanged seats with him, the man brought his rams, told the king that he got them at the bottom of the sea; the shepherd was thrown into the sea; the man explains that he chooses rams, the king will not get it; the king drowned]: 90-93; Cerquand 1876, No. 24 (French Baskonia) [the father bequeathed two bulls to his two eldest sons, and the youngest cow named Gillen the simpleton ( Gillen pec); he stabbed the cow, went to sell the skin; came to his leather uncle; noticed; when the hostess knocked, the hostess opened it, and someone hid in the chest; an uncle came, paid for the skin and offered more money; G. refused, but asked to give him the chest; threw it into the stream; the one in the chest screamed, paid a lot of money to let G. release it and not tell anyone what had happened; the brothers were surprised that G. received so much money for the skin; their mother had just died; G. brought the body to church, told the curie that his mother was deaf; he asked how long the old woman had been in confession, pushed her, she fell; G . demanded payment for the murder, received a lot of money, buried his mother in the cemetery; told the brothers that he sold the body; the brothers killed their wives, but no one bought the dead; at the inn, the brothers put G. in a bag, began to eat dinner; G. began to say that he would not take 2000 ecus; the servant swapped seats with him; G. drove his herd to the river; his brothers asked him where the herd came from; G.: from the bottom; the brothers jumped into the water and drowned]: 12- 16; Sicilians: Crane 1885, No. 105 [Pitré, no. 157; Uncle Capriano became friends with three thieves; agreed with his wife and daughter to pretend they have a rabbit to whom they assign bring firewood or food; the robbers bought the rabbit for a lot of money; when they hit, he ran away; K. explains that the rabbit was hit from the wrong side; then K. agreed with his wife to cook in the old cauldron, and before the robbers arrive, pour it into a new one without putting it on the fire - as if it were cooking himself; the robbers bought the pot for a lot of money; left the kid to cook in it without making a fire in the evening they returned — the meat was raw, they broke the cauldron; K. convinced them that they had put the pot on the wrong hearth, and now they had broken the pot themselves; K. again agreed with his wife, told her to tie a bubble under her clothes with with blood; will pretend to be angry, because the wife did not light the candle, hit his wife with a knife, bleed, and then hang down the whistle and the wife would stand up alive; the robbers were amazed, bought a whistle, stabbed their wives; Seeing that they were deceived again, the robbers put K. in a bag, took him to drown, stayed in the same house; K. shouts that he did not want to marry the princess; the shepherd changed places with him, drowned, K. brought herd; tells the robbers that if he were thrown further into the sea, he would have brought more sheep and oxen; the robbers asked them to drown, K. took possession of all the cattle, got rich]: 303-308; Gonzenbach 2004a [1870] , No. 41 [Sciauranciovi (“smelling of anchovies”) put coins under the donkey's tail, sold it for a lot of money; at home he poured hot coals into a hole under the floor, put a pot in this place to cook soup; who bought a donkey Signor came, S. explained to him that the donkey had deteriorated due to a change of place of residence; sold the pot, which he cooks himself; told his wife, when the signor came to swear, send a rabbit for him, Sh., as if he understands the order; also sold the rabbit; the signor ordered that S. be put in a bag, thrown into the sea; the servants left the bag, went to church; S. began to shout that he did not want to marry the princess; the shepherd changed with him; the shepherd was drowned, S. brought the sheep, said that from the bottom; the signor ordered him to be thrown into the sea, drowned]: 269-273; Corsicans [the widow has a son of Muschinu (the name of the insect pest olive); he sold the cow, took off his skin, filled it with bees; asked him to let him spend the night; at this time, the curé comes to the hostess; the husband came, the curé jumped out the window; M. says that thanks to cow's skin, he can guess and predict; knocks on her, the bees are buzzing, he says where food, wine, money are hidden; sells the skin for 40 francs; advises to open it in the presence of his wife, but closing the windows and doors; the bees bit his wife, and then and her husband to death; M. says at home that he received the money by selling the skin; neighbors slaughtered cows; came to kill M., but stabbed his mother; M. brings her to a public place, as if selling eggs; her rich man pushed, believed he killed, paid 1000 francs; M. says that they give good money for the dead; people killed old people, barely escaped prison; M. was stuffed into a bag, carried to drown, left for a while; he shouts that he does not want to marry a princess; a pig merchant takes his place; he was drowned, M. brought pigs, said he was from the seabed; neighbors and their wives jumped into the water and drowned]: Massignon 1984, No. 106:244-247; Ladins [two brothers inherited only a bunch of potsherds; one threw away his own and put the other in his money belt; staying overnight, demanded a reliable room: he has 2,000 guilders with him; at night he opened the door slightly and threw away the shards; the owner was frightened and gave 2,000 guilders; believing that he would return for the money, the man heated the pan, then put it on soil and poured soup; the owner of the inn paid another 2,000 guilders for a frying pan; for a thousand people he sold him a box containing animals defecating in gold; the owner found only two dead lice there; then he sold two wasps — animals of love, must be put under the bed; they bit the couple; the owner put the man in a barrel, took him to drown, stopped to listen to mass; the hell pulled the man out, climbed into the barrel himself, and he got the oxen; the man told the owner that there were a lot of cattle at the bottom of the lake; the owner and the rest of the inhabitants jumped into the water and drowned]: Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 125:327-331.

Western Europe. Medieval Latin (11th century, possibly 10th century) [The poor man had only one ox, which was dead, the man sold his skin; on the way back he found a treasure, asked the rich man in the village for bread to buy money; he was suspected of stealing and arrested; he said that he received a lot of money for the skin of an ox; then the usual motives about a mare defecating with chervonets and a Sunday flute; the deceived put the deceiver in a barrel and carried him to the sea; on the way went into the pub; a shepherd and the herd approached; a rogue in a sack screams, “I don't want to be superior”; an ambitious shepherd took his place, etc. as usual]: Cosquin 1886:227 (translated to Sumtsov 2015:135); French (Lorraine): Cosquin 1886, No. 10 [when poor René's cow died, he went to town to sell the skin and carried it with his head; walking through the forest, he frightened the robbers who shared the money; When they saw the horns, they thought that the devil was approaching them, and ran away; taking the money, R. bought a donkey and fed him a few coins; soon the people began to say that R.'s donkey was defecating with gold; the senor bought him for a lot of money; when he realized that he had been deceived, he went to R.; he extinguished the fire under the boiler, pretending that the boiler was cooking its own food: you had to put it on the roof and hit it with a stick; the senor came again to sort it out; R. had previously tied a gut in blood to his wife's throat; in front of the señor, told his wife to dance, she refused, he pretended to stab her; when he whistled, the wife came to life; the senor bought a whistle, stabbed his wife; together with the servants, tied R. up and took him on a cart to drown; they left for a while, and R. shouted that he did not want to be a priest because he was illiterate; the shepherd took his place, drowned, the herd R. got it; the senor and servants asked them to drown, R. became rich], 20 [Richedeau, a poor man with many children, sent his son to a rich neighbor for a measure to measure the money; when he returned it, the neighbor found three stuck to Louidor's bottom; R. said he sold the cow's skin for louidor for villi; the rich man slaughtered all the cattle, sent servants to sell their skins, they were ridiculed; the rich man ran to R., who told his wife to pretend to be dead, rich man left; when she saw R.'s wife healthy, she said how her husband taught her: he blew in her ear and she came to life; the rich man killed his wife, but could not revive her; ordered R. to be put in a bag, drowned in a pond; when the bag was brought, the bells rang — it's time to bury the rich man's wife; everyone ran there; a shepherd came up; R.: they want to make me a curé and keep me in a bag until I learn Our Father; the shepherd said he knew Our Father by heart changed places with R.; drowned; R. returned with sheep, said he had caught them at the bottom; the rich man saw the reflection of sheep in the water, jumped into the pond, drowned]: 108-111, 223-225; 1887, No. 71 []: 282-283; Sébillot 1894, No. 52 []: 343; Walloons: Laport 1932, no.* 1535B [in the 12th century. Vancent Lefebvre was a sacristy in Busu; in Mons he bought a mule, and on his way home he came across three crooks who claimed that he had bought a donkey; he ended up leaving a donkey for the last one; realizing that he had been deceived, VL bought identical white goats; left one at home, and the other went to meet the crooks, invited him to lunch: the goat would tell his wife to wait for guests and cook; when at home near the VL The crooks saw a goat (it seems to be the same one), they bought it for a lot of money; the crooks come to the VL's house; he pretends to cut off on the servant, stabs him, he falls; (in fact, VL in advance tied a blood bubble for him); VL plays the flute, the servant “comes to life”; crooks buy a flute; one stabbed his wife, the other stabbed his widow; they put the VL in a bag, carried it to drown (left for a while); hearing that the shepherd drives the herd, VL screams that he does not want to marry the count's daughter; the shepherd climbed into the bag instead of him, drowned; VL brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the crooks let them drown], *1535C [poor man Rougecul took out grass that had grown to heaven; St. Peter gave him a whistle that revives the dead; the king sends his men to buy a whistle; R. hides it in the hay, ties his wife a blood bubble himself, pretends to kill and revive; the king cut half of his troops; R. came back to St. Peter, he gave him a donkey that defecates in gold and silver; his stepmother brought him to R. and the king tells him to drown; the messengers left the bag for a while, R. tricked the shepherd to switch places, shepherd drowned, R. brought a herd; the king drowned with all his men]: 112-113, 113-114; Bretons: Luzel 1870 [the poor miller owed the master; returning from hunting, he killed his cow; the miller went to sell the skin, spent the night in a tree in the woods; the skin was black and horned; the robbers gathered under the tree to share the money; the miller threw their skin on them, the robbers thought it was the hell, ran away leaving the money; the miller brought it home in leather; sent his wife to the master to measure the money, said that he received it by selling the skin; the master ordered all the cattle to be slaughtered, sent servants to sell the skins, those beaten; the miller tied a gut of blood to his wife's neck, called the master for dinner; said he could kill his wife and revive him by playing the violin; the master asked for the violin, promising to release the miller for two years from tax; the gentleman stabbed his wife, could not revive it; the miller boiled the boiler of water, put it in the middle of the yard, convinced the master that the boiler was boiling itself without firewood; the miller gave the miller two more years of release from the tax, he took the cauldron, but it does not boil himself; the gentleman and the servant put the miller in a bag, carried him to drown it, left it for a while; when he hears that the merchant has come up, the miller shouts that he will not marry his daughter master; the merchant was drowned, the miller took his horses and goods; tells the master that he found everything at the bottom, and if he were drowned away, he would take out the gold; the servant jumped into the pond first; the master thought that he waves to him, jumped after him; both drowned]: 85-103 (=1887.3, No. 4:414-425); Sébillot 1910, No. 34 (written in 1879) [Païfin pretended to kill his wife; in the presence of a neighbor he played the oboe, the wife “resurrected”; the neighbor borrowed an oboe, stabbed his women, but they did not resurrect; the neighbors put P. in the box, carried him to drown, but they left the box and went to eat; as the rider approached, P. asked him to pull him out of the box, and then stuffed the man who had released him into it; he was drowned; P. came to the neighbors and said that there was a lot at the bottom money; they allowed them to be drowned], 35 (western in 1879) [the miller's cow entered the master's meadow a second time and he killed her; the miller went to sell the skin, did not sell it, returned with the skin over his shoulders, and the horns on head; the robbers saw, thought that hell, they ran away, leaving gold; the miller asks the master to measure the money; he got it by selling the skin; the gentleman slaughtered all the cows, nothing for the skins received; the miller whips the pot so that it could cook without fire; the gentleman bought a whip, beat the pot in vain; the miller bought a wolf and told the master that it was a ram (chie-brebis); the gentleman bought it, that he slaughtered all his sheep; the gentleman put the miller in a bag, carried him to drown him, left him; the miller shouts that he did not want to marry the master's daughter; the copperman took his place, drowned; the miller said that all He got the dishes carried by the copperman at the bottom; the gentleman allowed himself to be drowned]: 135-137, 138-141; the Irish [Gilla Rua (GR, “Red”) bought a mule at the bazaar; three crooks take turns meeting him and talking that this is not a mule, but a donkey, then {there is no pdf page}; GR (apparently having agreed with his wife and buying two goats) pretends that the goat is one, but can serve on parcels; invites crooks home; the wife says that the goat came and ordered to cook dinner for the guests; crooks buy a goat for crazy money; the goat was sent to their wives and disappeared; the crooks go to beat GR, hear a scream; GK is chasing with with a knife for his wife: she is to blame for the goat story; strikes, blood gushes, wife falls; (apparently, there is a blood bubble under his wife's clothes); GR plays the flute, the wife came to life; the crooks bought a flute, stabbed a pig, but it didn't come to life; they caught GR, carried him to drown it in a bag; hung it on a branch and went for a drink; two chase a herd of sheep; GR screams that he was being forced to marry a princess; the shepherds released GR. replaced with sheep; all three drove the herd, met crooks; GR says the herd is from the bottom, he is being helped to drive him home; {the page is not in pdf; apparently the crooks drowned}]: Kennedy 1875:99-103; Germans [the peasant asks the godfather to make a heifer out of wood; the shepherd took her into the herd, but the heifer disappeared, the peasant got a live cow for her; stabbed her and went to sell her skin; on the way he saw a crow with with a broken wing, wrapped it in his skin; went to spend the night at the mill; the miller was not at home; the mill thought that the guest had fallen asleep, the pop came to her, they began to feast; when her husband came, she hid her priest and pickles; the husband asks what is in the guest's skin; he replies that he is a predictor, but predicts no more than four times; the crow stings, he croaks; wine under the pillow, roast in the stove, salad on the bed, pies under the bed; the miller wants to know the fifth; the guest: hell in the closet; the pop ran away; the miller bought a crow for a lot of money; the elder called the peasant: why did he get rich? he replies that he sold cowhide; the peasants slaughtered the cows, but no one bought the skins; they went to drown the deceiver in a barrel of holes; left for a while; the pop began to read the funeral; promised to help to the peasant, since he freed him from the closet; the shepherd drives the herd, the peasant shouts that he does not want to be the head, the shepherd took his place; he was drowned, the peasant brought the herd, said that from the bottom; the elder the first one threw himself into the water when he saw the reflection of the clouds — lambs; the whole village was behind him; that peasant got it all]: Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 61:227-231 (=Grimm, Grimm 1987:187-193); (cf. Alsatians [the poor man planted turnips, they grew gigantic, he took them to the king, received gold; the rich man brought gold to the king, thinking he would get even more, but he gave him giant turnips; the rich man hired To kill the poor man; they hung him, but when they heard that someone was coming, they left him in a bag on the tree; the poor man told the student he was sitting in a bag of knowledge; he asked him to be planted; the poor man left the student hanging in a bag, drove off on his horse]: Lefftz 2006, No. 17:225-228).

Western Asia. Aramei [Johi stabbed two oxen to have a feast for his fellow villagers, but no one invited him in response; D. carried to sell their skins; spent the night near the caravans, began to play the flute; he was asked to come play; D. replied that he was afraid that his bag full of money might be stolen at that time; he was promised to reimburse everything if this happened; at night D. poured soil out of his bag, which She was there, threw the animals under their feet; in the morning he pretended to complain to the authorities, the merchant filled his bag with money; when he returned, he said that he had received money for the skins; added that the skins should not be salted, only such people are valued; people have slaughtered all their cattle, their skins have rotted and no one needs them; D. ran away, exchanged clothes with the shepherd, drowned him, believing that it was D.; D. brought the herd, said that from the bottom; everyone the men of the village jumped into the water and drowned]: Belov, Wilsker 1960:272-276; the Palestinians [tired of Juha's antics, neighbors tied him to a tree until midnight; D. told the shepherd passing by that tied for refusing to eat sugar; the shepherd exchanged seats and clothes with him; the shepherd was thrown into the sea; D. brought sheep to the village, as if donated by genies; those who jump off a cliff into the sea will also be given genies sheep; Juha's enemies jumped into the sea and drowned]: Hanauer 2009:93-94; Iraqi Arabs [the farmer sent his son to sell the buffalo, and 40 Egyptian crooks said it was a goat, paid accordingly; the peasant trained the cat as if it were obeying orders; in front of the crooks, he told it to bring a stick, then bring her clothes, the cat does everything; the crooks bought the cat for a lot, it ran away from them; they came to the peasant to demand the money back, and he put the money under the tail of the horse; the crooks believed that the horse was defecating with gold, bought it; when they discovered the deception, they came to the peasant; he tied his wife to his neck was filled with blood, agreed on how to act; pretended to be dissatisfied with the prepared food, stabbed his wife with a knife, bleed, his wife fell; he put a cane in her ass, blew, his wife” came to life”; the crooks bought a cane, killed their wives, they did not come to life; they sewed the peasant into a bag, left; he shouted that he did not want to marry his uncle's daughter; the shepherd agrees to exchange places with him thrown into a well; a peasant comes with a herd, says he got it from a well; crooks asked them to be thrown there; a peasant to a son: all the wealth went to a buffalo]: Weissbach 1908, No. 19:120-126 ( transfer to Lebedev 1990, No. 49:234-237); Saudia [Hasan Pleshivy noticed that a woman slaughtered a chicken; caught a crow, hid it under her shirt, went into that house; the owners invited me to the table, there was only dry bread; H. stings the crow, it croaks; he explains what the crow said; 1) there is a fried chicken hidden in the room; 2) it is not intended for the owner; he promises to deal with his wife and buys a crow for a lot of money; H. tells his uncle's sons that his wealth comes from the bull he went to sell; the old man ordered to tie a stone to the bull and let him into the sea; the waters parted, the treasure opened; the uncle's sons drowned their bulls and drowned themselves]: Juhayman 1999:91-94; Yemen (to NW from Sana'a, 2000) [Makhfiq (“fool”) was born on the day his father died; he grew up, his mother said that his brothers gave him that name; he told his uncles he sowed bones in his field; they believed they were left without crops; ties to the mother's neck is a bubble of cow {apparently with blood}, pretends to cut her throat, tells the cat to revive her, the mother is healthy; uncles buy a cat, kill wives, they don't come to life; they put M. a bag, leave it at the edge rocks to throw off; past the shepherdess, she cries, she is not married; M. asks to untie the bag, puts the sheep there, the uncles throw the bag into the abyss; M. takes the shepherdess as his wife, brings the herd; says that in the sea under the mountains, he was given a wife and herds; the brothers agree to blindfold and jump down]: al-Baydhani 2008:23-29; mehri [the ruler ordered Abu Nuwās to bring sandals from ( two) women; the NA said that the ruler told both of them to surrender to him; if they do not believe, he will call him; AN: one or both? ruler: yes, both (he thought it was about sandals); the NA met women; the ruler of the NA pretends that his words meant copulating; the ruler orders the NA to drown; he is carried to the sea, left in a basket to throw off a cliff at high tide; he explains to the shepherd that he was left to see his dead parents, has been traveling like this for the fifth time; the shepherd changed seats with him, the NA took him herd; a month later he came with a herd, a gun and a dagger; the ruler does not believe, orders to dig a well and burn an NA in it; the NA digs an underground passage from his house to the well; leaves a bottle in the well; it bursts on fire, everyone thinks that the NA's head has burst; a month later, the NA returns; the petitioner orders him to be burned in a well; the NA warns that he will not want to return from paradise; two months after the burning reminds about a warning to the ruler's sons; the sons order to burn them and the minister, during their absence they appoint the Academy of Sciences as ruler]: Stroomer 1999, No. 20:41-47.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Kirati (? eastern Nepal) [three crows brought orange each to the three sisters, the girls ate them, two gave birth to a son, the youngest a mouse; the sons grew up, went to royal service; two years later they asked permission to return home; the eldest sons asked for a horse as a reward, the mouse for a mule; the mouse son fed him gold, which he slowly pulled out of the royal treasury; the mule hit the house, the gold fell asleep; the mother asked her sister for a sieve, a piece of gold stuck to him; the mouse son said that he sold the ash from his burnt house profitably; the older brothers burned down their houses, they did not buy anything from them; then the mouse son said he came to pay homage to the snake living in the lake, and he gave gold; the older brothers jumped into the lake, drowned]: Heunemann 1980, No. 22:155-159; lepcha [one of the brothers puts another in an empty coffin, tells the orphan that he is his brother and must give him silver; leads to an imaginary grave, from there a voice supposedly a father is heard; the orphan gives silver; the king of liars Hongrugm offers divide him, carry him away; tells his wife to say that he is dead; brothers come, each bends over the coffin, H. cuts off both noses; ties goat intestines with blood to his wife's neck; brothers come, he “cuts” his wife, revives with ash; brothers take ash from him, slaughter their wives, they do not resurrect; H. puts ponies on the carpet, scatters money under his tail; brothers believe that ponies defecate with coins, borrow ponies, only they stain the carpet; H. agrees that the brothers throw it off the cliff in the box; the brothers leave, H. tells the passing merchant what he is doing gold coins in the chest; the merchant climbs into the chest, the brothers drop him, H. takes the merchant's wealth; says he found them at the bottom of the abyss; the brothers agree to be thrown off, they die]: Stocks 1925, No. XXX: 438-441; lhota [people are tired of Apfuho's tricks; they pump it above the pond, left on a swing, he must fall into the water; A. sees a man and a woman wearing jewelry, they lead a buffalo mitan; A. pretends to be pleasant to swing; a man and a woman swing, fall, they drown; A. tells residents that he took jewelry and buffalo out of the pond; everyone asks to throw them off the swing into the pond, they drown]: Mills 1922:178-180; Western rengmas [outraged by Che's antics, people planted he is on a swing above the pond, he must fall, drown; a husband and wife with rich decorations come up; Che tells us how good it is to swing; the couple stop the swing, sit down themselves, drown in the pond, Che picks him up jewelry, says he got it at the bottom; all people want to touch too, some just jump into the water, everyone drowned; Che was holding the jewelry above the water at that time, people saw their reflection]: Mills 1937:255-256; (cf. Oriental Rengma [Ichu says there are lots of ornaments at the bottom of the pond; tells everyone to take a large jug on their backs; everyone jumps into the water, the jugs are filled with water, people drown; their wife Ichu says that they cut elephant tusks to make bracelets]: Mills 1937:256-257); mikir [the widow has a son and six brothers; uncles put the tops higher up the river, and the young man is lower and poorly made; but Only crayfish hit the top of his uncle, and his nephew's top is full of fish; so many times; even when he left the top on the shore, a wild dove fell into it; out of envy, his nephew's only calf was killed; he took off his skin and hid one leg in the brahmana's house; told him he smelled beef; found meat; fearing shame (cows should not be killed), the brahmana gave a bag of silver; the young man asked his mother to take it from his uncle a measuring basket; they saw that he was measuring money; said that he sold beef, advised him to sell that brahmana in the village; all the residents there were brahmanas, they beat the brothers; they burned down his house; he sold ash the villagers, where everyone has sore eyes; advised them to rub them in their eyes; uncles burned down their houses, came to that village to sell ash; they were beaten and rubbed ash in their eyes; they put their nephew in iron the cage to drown in the river, but they left for a while; the prince came up, the young man said he was caged because he did not want to marry his uncle's charming daughter; the prince exchanged places and clothes with him, gave the jewelry; the prince was drowned; the nephew came to the uncles in a luxurious outfit, said he had received it from his late grandparents at the bottom of the river; uncles told them to drown them; when bubbles appeared, nephew told those standing on the shore that the drowned man had been given beer to vomit; the young man became rich]: Stack, Lyall 1908, No. 2:48-55; garo [Gangbo Nokma is rich and smart; envious neighbors agreed to burn him in his house, but the GN found out, took it out and hid everything valuable in advance and took the family out; after the fire, he collected the ash in bags and said that he was going to sell it; he threw the ash into the river himself, dug up valuables, and when he returned, said he got them by selling ash; the neighbors burned their houses; in order to take revenge, they slaughtered the GNA's cattle; agreed to give him their skins; the GN dried them, made holes and pretended to be lucky to sell them; told the rich to a farmer who bought any skins; asked for water; he sent him to his house; Mr. told the peasant's children that their father told him to give him all the money and jewelry; the children called their father, asking again ; farmer: yes, give it back; he thought it was water; in his village, GNP showed the money: it was obtained for their skins; neighbors killed their cows, removed and perforated their skins; they laughed at them; Mr. offered to buy expensive fabric on credit; showed the owner a rich house — supposedly his, but in fact a stranger; said that his name would not give, and his father's name could not give; dressed up in purchased fabric like a groom for a wedding; the neighbors put him in a basket, carried him to drown him; left him by the pond and went to eat; the shepherd drove the herd away; the GNR said they wanted to force him to marry the king's daughter; the shepherd agreed to climb into the basket instead; GN brought the herd and said it was from the bottom; the neighbors allowed themselves to be drowned, all went to GN]: Rongmuthu 1960:11-19.

Burma — Indochina. Mona [Lezheboka promises her mother to earn money; fills the basket with ash, stays in a wealthy house, warns that his goods can't even be smelled; the owner's curious daughter opens the basket, Lezheboka accuses her of stealing jewelry, the rich man pays off in silver; other men burn their houses, go sell ash, no one takes it; they throw the crocodile into the river; he drags him thinks that the man is dead, Lezheboka runs away, climbs a tree; there is a man herding buffaloes, they will be back in the evening; Lezheboka says that they are chasing him - they want to marry a princess; a shepherd gives him a herd to take his place; Lezheboka brings the herd, says they are from an underwater land of the dead; 30 men jumped into the water, drowned; Lezhebok persuaded 30 widows to become his wives]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 156:379-384; palaung [the king asks the deceiver Aki to deceive him; he promises to bring him news from his deceased father; A. is tied on a platform above a hot spring for 7 days from with a supply of water and drink; after that he will be thrown into boiling water; he tells a passing merchant that, being attached, he has healed his eyes; the merchant also has sore eyes, he agrees to switch places with A.; thrown into boiling water; A. took his money and horses; comes to the king, staples, from the dead with rich gifts; says that the king's late father asks for a basket of lead; the king allows himself to be tied to him lead, it drowns in a hot spring; A. hollowed out a cavity in the banyan, broadcasts from there, supposedly on behalf of the king, tells him to make King A.; the wives doubt, but A. told the servants to run around the palace at night, making terrible noises; said that the nats of the village demand that A. be king; he became king]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 143:326-330; Viets [orphan Kuoy lives in his aunt's house; old man: if you lure me out out of the house, I'll give you money; K.: you'd rather go out the gate and I'll lure you into the house; the old man went out, K.: Well, he lured him; K. sold his aunt's pig, buried his tail in the sand, said that the pig went to the lower world ; the aunt tells me to dig, the tail “came off”; K. covered a pile of manure in the bazaar, told his uncle that he had caught a turtledove; the uncle ran after the net, came back, everyone laughed; K. tells his aunt that the buffalo picked up uncle on his horns; uncle that his aunt fell down the stairs; they run to each other; uncle carries K. to drown in the basket; he sends him for a scientific book necessary in the realm of the dead; tells the leper that he was also a leper himself, but recovered when he was thrown into the river in a basket; the leper changes places with K., leaving him gold coins, drowned; K. climbs into the water, holding coins in his hand, says to a dignitary who dropped treasures into the water; he climbs into the water, K. leaves on his horse and clothes; told his uncle and aunt that he had received everything at the bottom from his parents; they told them to drown them, K. did so]: Nikulin 1970:90-95; muong [Kuoy deceives the elders by passing off simple objects as magic; he was put in a basket, stoned; K. screams: the stones remain, the oranges float away; the elders they removed the stones, covered the basket with oranges, threw them into the river; the basket dived, and then swam out and swam; K. calls the children to take oranges; the rest are brought to the local elder as a gift from his own; allegedly asks to let the local buffalo go to his buffalo; arrives on a buffalo, says that he was given it at the bottom with new clothes; that he was thanked for the oranges, but there are not enough stones at the bottom; The elder orders him and his family to be thrown into the water in a basket of stones]: Nikulin 1970:129-131; ahem [a childless woman wants to go to the monks to ask for a child; everyone refuses to transport her across the river; she builds a stupa by a tree out of sand, asks the tree to give her three children to take revenge on those in power, monks and elders; gives birth to three children, dies; the eldest is Aay CaaLaay (“liar”; A.); he was adopted by his husband and wife; he feathered a bunch of crap, asked his adoptive father to catch the bird, he smeared himself; the same with his adoptive mother; they left it to be eaten by the tiger; A. asks the tiger not to eat it — will show where to steal the pig; they carry the pig on a stick; A. let the tiger carry the part of the trunk where the thorns are, told him not to moan, otherwise the food will become bitter; the tiger moans; A. shows a star, sends a tiger there behind the fire, at this time he makes a fire himself, cooks meat, lays it for himself, puts bitter fruits in the tiger part; the tiger returns without fire, A. sends him to make spoons for leaves, watered the leaves himself white to make the tiger think it was from birds (and looked for it longer); the tiger eats bitter meat because he moaned on the way; A. cooks pig testicles, says he cut off his genitals; the next day, the tiger agrees that A. cuts off his testicles; when A. climbs a tree, the tiger sees that everything is in place; A. throws the fruits away while the tiger picks them up, manages to go down and run away; says the girls that the tiger was coming, they threw their clothes, A. put them on, the tiger did not recognize him; the same with women and children; with men who cut straw; every time A. asks to show the wound, pokes it hot smut, splashes hot juice, stabs it with straw; jumps into a hole; tells the tiger that the sky is falling, let it jump; just let him not push it up, or the sky will crush it; stabs the tiger with a needle, that pushes A. out of the hole, A. stoned him; tells the peasants that a tiger was caught in the hole; they ran to the hole, A. burned the village, hiding meat and rice; says that wherever his spear and arrow fall, there is meat and rice ; shows that people believe, throw their spears, but find nothing else; they catch A., hang them in a basket on a tree to then knock a tree into the river; a man with a gong was walking by, his eyes hurt, A. persuaded him to switch places — his eyes would recover; people knocked down a tree, the man drowned; A. says he met his deceased parents in the river, they offered him to take whatever he wanted, he took the gong; that's it jumped into the water and drowned except for an old woman with an empty calebass; A. smashed the calebas with a stone, the old woman also drowned; A. told the governor that his wife fell off the roof and his wife that her husband had been wounded by a boar; they ran to look for each other, collided with their foreheads; the governor expelled A. three blows into the slit gong, and A. measured three lengths of the gong, built a house there; the governor's children relieved themselves at A.'s house; A.: let them either poop or pee, but not both; governor: try it yourself! A. emptied his bladder, tied his penis, put a pile in the governor's house; he ordered to go where the earth turned upside down; A. built a house on the field where they plowed with a plow; the hunchback came, carrying the vessel to back; A.: Look, there are two suns in the sky; she looked, the vessel fell and broke; people filled bamboo vessels with intestinal gases, came to A. not knowing it was him; he fed them buffalo manure and arranged so that they opened their vessels under their noses]: Lindell et al. 1978, No. 3:50-62.

South Asia. Kumaoni [Bhawáni is a hard-working man, his half-brother Shankar is lazy and envious; he killed an ox B.; he covered his skin with sand, climbed a tree in the forest, and robbers stopped under a tree, B. threw off his skin, the robbers ran away, leaving behind the loot; B. said he sold the skin at a high price; S. slaughtered his oxen, went to sell sandskins, he was beaten; he killed B.'s mother and burned down his house; B. collected the ash in bags, took it with his mother's body; a rich man met her, decided to eat together; B. asked for food to his mother, she is silent, the man threw a plate at her, the body fell, he paid for murder; B. told his brother that he sold his mother's body and ash; that S. did not receive money for the skins because he did not choose the right time; S. turned to the pandita for this, burned down the house, killed his mother, took him to sell it, he was beaten; S. put B. in a bag, dragged him to drown, left the bag by the river; B. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in Shiva's magic bag; the shepherd changed places, drowned; B. brought the herd, said that from the bottom, that Sh.'s mother sends greetings; S. gave B. all his cattle to throw them into the water; drowned]: Crooke 1895, No. 198:82-83; Assames [man goes to sell cowhide; spent the night in a tree; under the robbers settled in a tree; the man dropped his skin, the robbers ran away, he took their treasures; borrowed a measure from a neighbor at home and returned it with a coin stuck; believing that the man had earned money by selling the skin, the neighbors slaughtered their oxen, carried their skins for sale; when they returned in disgrace, they burned the man's house; he collected ash in bags, carried it, met another who was carrying the royal treasures; they briefly they exchanged bags, the man brought home gold, said he sold ash; the neighbors burned their houses, carried ash to the bazaar; when they returned, they put the man in a bag and threw him into the river; the fisherman caught him; the man began to scold him: he was in the palace of the underwater king; the fisherman asked him to throw him into the river; after drowning the fisherman, the man brought fish home; the neighbors also want to be drowned]: Goswami 1960:103; Bengalis: Bradley-Birt 1920, No. 4 [7 married brothers are jealous of a single eighth named Khoodeh, who received his father's main inheritance; lead him to marry; H. knows what's actually his they are going to drown; goes ahead, invites the shepherd to marry, changes clothes with him; the shepherd is drowned, H. takes the herd; says he received the cows from the deity; the brothers set fire to his house, but H. spent the night outside at home; H. collected the ash in two bags, told his fellow traveler that there was gold in the bags; that night he took away the loaded cow H., let's leave his own with bags of money on it; took a measure of money, specially left a rupee stuck; said he received the money by selling coal and ash; the brothers burned down their houses, went to sell coal; they were driven to the neck; they were hired as laborers; then the brothers reconciled and everyone became rich]: 17-22 ; Sumtsov 2015 [a rogue sells a bird of truth, a cow defecating with chervonets, a young stick (which those who bought then killed their wives); exchanges bags of ash for bags of gold; fools (6 people) they burned down their houses to sell ash and get the same amount of gold; they want to throw the rogue in a bag into the river, but he was freed by a passerby, and when they led this passerby's horse by bridle, the stupid men became Ask him where he got it, and when he told them he found it in the river where they threw him, one of them went down into the river, the water gurgled; the rogue said that the one who descended was catching a horse, and the others fools jumped into the river for horses and drowned]: 134-135; kannada [the brahman asked his neighbor gowda {apparently the village manager} for a needle; he gave it on the condition that if the brahmana lost the needle, he will take his ox; his wife lost it, the brahmana took the ox, but the ox began to wither away and the brahmana took him untouchable; the brahmana asked for his skin; went to sell, spent the night on the road in a tree; robbers sat under the tree to divide the money; the wind shoved the skin down and it began to fall as it hit the branches; the robbers ran away in horror; at home, the brahmana took the govda to measure the money; he waxed the bottom, saw a coin stuck; the brahmana said he received money for the skin; the govda slaughtered his oxen, but for all the skins he received only a hundred rupees; the brahmana asked the govda to give him discarded coconut shells ; burned them, filled them with ash and went to where the other merchants were; said that he had gold sand in the bag; one merchant changed the bags; found diamonds and pearls in his ash; the brahmana found diamonds and pearls; the hovda burned down the house brahmana, went to sell ash, the potter gave him a quarter of a rupee; on the way, the govda lost it and could not pay for the tea; the govda and his men put the brahmana in a chest, carried him to drown; they saw deer they chased them; a shepherd came up, the brahman said he was being taken to the wedding; the shepherd took the brahmana's place in the chest, drowned; brought a large herd, said it was from the bottom; the hovda and his men asked them to drown ; the brahman himself became a govda]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 54:149-152; the Tamils [the younger brother is childless; someone sold him a child for a measure of corn and a rupee, but there was a monkey in the bag; she began to do anything work and call the younger brother father; the monkey son asked his uncle (i.e. older brother) what they grew best, and he said tobacco; asked if he wanted the upper or lower part (of the crop), that chose the lower one; the younger brother picked the tobacco leaves and the older brother got the stems; the following year, a monkey son planted onions and the older brother chose the upper part; the older brother angrily killed two cows that they pulled the younger brother's irrigation mechanism; the monkey son took off his skins and climbed the tree under which the robbers were staying; they came and divided the money, one of them is blind; “Share honestly, otherwise the sky will fall on you”; at that moment, the monkey son shed his skins; the robbers ran away, the monkey son brought money to his father; the younger brother's wife sent him to measure money from the elder; the youngest explained the eldest, who allowed the skins on straps and sold him; he slaughtered his four cows, sold nothing, burned down the youngest's house; the monkey son collected ash in a bag, came to the robbers, said he was in the bag jewelry, then we will share; when they fell asleep, the monkey son replaced his bag with the one in which the robbers had jewelry, brought him to his father; the older brother burned down his house, no one bought ash; the older brother burned down his house, no one bought ash; the older brother put the monkey in a bag, threw it into the river; a shepherd is nearby; the monkey screams from the bag that he was thrown into the river because he does not want to marry the daughter of his father's sister; the shepherd took his place; the elder brother came with with a stick, began to beat the bag; the monkey got the goats; he said there were still goats there; his older brother asked him to put him in a bag and throw him into the river; drowned]: Beck et al. 1987, No. 32:113-116; Tamils [Raja has five sons; when his wife died, the Raja took another and a squirrel son from her; the Raja also died, five sons are married; four want to drive the squirrel away, but the elder insisted that he be given a plot of bad land, given oxen and grain; the squirrel hears the brothers' conversations and always knows their intentions; he called animals and birds to raise crops; the brothers came at night to steal the grain, but it was already compressed; the brothers burned down the squirrel's house; the squirrel sold the grain, but pretended to sell the coal; he took a measure to count the money, a coin stuck to it; the brothers burned their houses, went to sell coal, they were beaten; they killed squirrel ox; he stole money from the brahmana, took a measure for money again, and told the brothers that he had sold meat to the brahmana (beef is strictly forbidden to brahmanas); the brothers slaughtered their oxen and went with meat to the brahman, he beat them again; the brothers put the squirrel in the bag and were going to burn them, but forgot the matches; the shepherd chases the goats; the squirrel says he is sitting in a bag to get rid of the hump; the humpback shepherd climbed into the bag instead squirrels; he was burned, and the squirrel brought the herd six months later; said that after being burned he went to heaven to his parents and they gave him a gift; the brothers asked them to burn; their property, wives and children went to the squirrel]: Blackburn 2005, No. 57; Tamils [rani is childless, Raja lives by collecting and selling firewood; finally, a son is born; parents tied the cradle to a tree in the hollow of which lived a cobra that had lost all her children; she began to take care of the boy; said that he should marry Chandra, the daughter of the sun and moon, Tenawal, the daughter of honey, and Puniyavathi, the daughter of flowers; when the prince grew up and his parents were about to marry him, he said that he knew who he was marrying, C., T. and P.; went to look for wives; met the Sun and the Moon; the Sun man told his daughter to go with the prince; the prince hired to herd cattle, leaving his wife from the owners in a separate room; the cobra surrounded the house with a ring, guarding the prince's wife; she asked her sari to be washed; the laundress realized that there was an unusual woman in front of him, told the owner about it; he sent the prince for honey in the hope that the bees will bite him to death; the prince returned with honey and T., the daughter of honey; washing her sari, the laundress is again amazed; the minister advises the raja {the owner has already turned into raja} send the prince for flowers, then he will die {it is not explained why}; the prince brought flowers and brought the daughter of flowers P.; the minister advises sending hungry bulls to herd; at this time, the master and minister tried to enter the prince's wives ; on the doorstep, the cobra bit the owner; ran after the prince, who healed the owner with the touch of a branch; the raja {raja again} tells the prince to get the ring thrown into the sea, then he will give half of the kingdom; The Sun and The moon was arranged for the prince to swim out with a ring on his finger; they dressed the prince royally; told the master that everyone on the ocean floor walked like this; the owner and all members of his family dived and died; The prince and his three wives returned to the palace, the wedding lasted 8 days, served rice, curry and vegetables; during which time his mother gave birth to two more sons; at school they found out that their older brother was missing and went to searching; came just in time for the eldest's wedding; he gave them two wives — middle T. and younger P.]: Blackburn 2005, No. 78; Malayali [the younger sister is ugly and remains an old maid; began to live with older sister and her children; there was little help from the weak old woman, so her nephews decided to burn her; tied her arms and legs, gag her mouth, brought her to the cremation site and covered her with firewood; but they forgot the matches and went looking for them; the woman managed to free herself and climbed a tree; from there she watched her own funeral fire; her nephews left, and three robbers were built under the tree; the woman fell on them, they ran away in horror, she got all their gold; she brought it to her sister and nephews, who treated her better; decided that her mother would get even more money; tied it up with her consent, set it on fire fire; she twitched and burned down]: Beck et al. 1987, No. 31:110-112; Sinhalese [seven brothers work in the field, seven sisters come looking for husbands, brothers take them as wives; wives left to dry rice on the mats, told the sister of the seven brothers to watch; she fell asleep, the mats got wet, the brothers' wives drove the girl away; she lived under a tamarind tree; gave birth to a son, and each wife had a daughter; sister consistently asks the brothers to know the horoscope for her son; everyone refuses, the youngest agrees; the astrologer says that the son will become famous but will bring misfortune to all cousins, but the brother tells his sister that her son will eat her; the sister refuses to kill the boy; he grew up, his name is Tamarind Tikka; fills a large pot with a small amount of flour or butter; consistently asks for his wife daughters are uncle; everyone chases him, but the youngest knows his horoscope and agrees; TT revives buffalo, his herd multiplies; envious brothers slaughtered his cattle, said robbers attacked; TT took off and took away his skins , threw it away, dug up a fresh corpse, came to some people, asked to spend the night, said that his grandfather was with him; the women at home began to drive away the bulls, the “grandfather” fell, the owners gave 7 measures of gold for him; TT tells his uncles that he got gold for their skins; they slaughtered their bulls, no one bought their skins; the uncle put TT in a bag, walked away; TT tells the shepherd that he is in the bag to heal his lower back; he changes places with TT, TT picks up the herd, uncles throw the sack into the water; TT brings the herd, says from the bottom of the river; uncles agreed to TT throw them in bags into the water; their wives and daughters followed find out why they are detained; TT received all the property]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 173:388-393; Santals [the youngest of seven brothers planted a vegetable, the fruit became an inch in size; he warned his wives older brothers, that the one who ate him would give birth to an inch tall boy (bitaram); one ate; Bitaram took lunch to his uncles in the field, almost everyone woke up; drove their cattle to the watering hole, they trampled them in the sand; the water washed him away ; returning at night, he came across thieves, frightened them (they thought the spirit was talking to them), hid the gold; sent his father and uncle to pick up the gold; Raja looked for thieves, saw gold near B.'s father and his uncle was imprisoned; B. told his mother to give him a basket, beg for a cat, put flour into a bag; he made a saddle out of a bag of flour, rode a cat, told the bees to gather in another basket; the Raja ordered shoot B., no one hit; B. released the bees, the Raja had to give her daughter and wealth; B.'s wife had a cow as a source of wealth; Raja's servants killed her but did not find gold inside; B. dried her skin, climbed on a tree, dropped his skin on the thieves, they ran away, left the gold; B. asked the Raja to measure the gold, it stuck a little; B. explained that he had sold the skin; the Raja ordered the cattle to be slaughtered, but no one bought the skins; ordered B.'s house to be burned down, B. hid in a hole; collected ash in bags, told the merchant that they contained gold; the merchant exchanged it for bags of golden sand; B. took the measure from the Raja again; said he sold the ash; the Raja burned down the palace , but no one wants ash; B. was carried to drown in a bag; the guards went away; B. told the shepherd that he was being forced to marry; the shepherd got into the bag, drowned; B. brought the herd; the Raja and his entourage sat in bags , B. drowned them; he inherited the whole kingdom]: Campbell 1891:25-33; ho: Bompas 1909 [the jackal killed and ate the kid; the crows sat down on the tree, screamed about it; the storm began, the jackal invited he killed them all to himself, tied the last one to his tail; she pecked his tail, flew away; his tail was swollen; the jackal met a potter who carried pots to the bazaar; said that he was in the service of the Raja, one pot was supposed to be give it to him; filled the pot with pus from his tail, exchanged the boy for a goat, saying that the boy's father told him to exchange a pot of molasses for a goat; other jackals ate the goat out of envy, filled his skin with stones and gravel, left to stand as if alive; the jackal made a drum out of a goat's skin, began to beat, told others that drums were playing at the bottom of the river; jackals jumped into the river and drowned]: 454-456; Halder 1916, No. 19 [ Gukchomdeya is the youngest of seven brothers; sent to herd sheep; decided that his faces would be grinned and killed everyone; his brothers gave him giblets; he climbed a tree with them; the king sat under the tree, undressed him began to smear him with rubbing; G. dropped giblets on him; his entourage thought that the king's stomach had burst, fled; the king followed them; G. got everything; he told the brothers that he had sold the giblets; they stabbed him their cattle, they got nothing; they gave G. a worthless bull; he took off his skin, lifted it up a tree, threw it at the merchants, who ran away, G. brought home their oxen loaded with valuables; said that he exchanged it for skin; the brothers slaughtered their oxen, got nothing; the brothers put G. in a bag and threw him into the river; the shepherd caught him; G. shouted that the shepherd had broken his bliss; the shepherd ran away, thinking that before he was water; the brothers believed that G. had caught cattle for the days of the river; the brothers allowed themselves to be drowned; G. received all their wives]: 300-303; haria [a woman carries dinner to her husband in the field; every time the jackal tells him carry, holding the tail, eats everything; the husband wears his wife's dress, cuts off the jackal's tail; the jackal promises to ruin his garden, where beans and pumpkins; the man hides under a pile of tops, hits the jackal on the head; he promises to ruin the chicken coop; the man stabs him with a sickle; the wife tells the jackals that her husband is dead; they gathered for a wake; the tailless man was quietly tied to a wooden mortar; the husband came in and beat the jackals on their head, they ran away; the tailless dragged his stupa; by the river he began to beat it like a drum; told the other jackals that he had taken it out at the bottom of the river; they allowed them to tie stones to their necks, threw themselves into the river and drowned; there is only one jackaliha left, from her and the tailless one today]: Roy 1937:433-435; agaria [the son of a Baiga woman ordered a huge ax to the blacksmith, began to cut down thousands of trees with one blow; in one of the trees Dano lived, asked not to cut, gave a lot of money; the young man sent his mother to the Raja for a measure; when he returned it, the Raja noticed a coin stuck; the Raja decided to kill the young man, tied him in a bag, threw him into the river; Lamana pulled him out ; the young man became indignant: I sailed to Bhagavan, and you prevented him; L. asked him to be put in a bag, gave all his buffaloes for it; the young man told the Raja that he had received the herd at the bottom; the Raja asked him to leave him and his children in bags into the river, they drowned; Pandubki asked the young man to hire him: he can walk underwater, get what he needs from the bottom; the young man was attacked by Dano, the young man wanted to hack him with an ax, he promised to take him to Bhagavan; the young man threatened B. with his ax, demanded a wife; on the way back he met the girl and married; gladly told P. to get the raja and his children from the bottom; he brought their bones, the young man revived them, the Raja and his children became his servants]: Elwin 1944, No. 7:251-253; condas [the woman's eyes are sick; the man promised to bring healing ointment; the tiger heard, asked a woman and smear his sore eyes; for this he brought an ox; people ate meat and put a boy on their skin so that the birds would not peck her; people went to the village and forgot about the boy; the tiger decided to help and brought another ox; both skins went to the boy; he carried them to sell; he heard the voices of robbers in the forest, climbed a tree; the robbers began to share their loot; quarreled; the leader shouted — God struck (dishonest); at this time the boy dropped both dry skins; the robbers ran away, the money went to the boy; at home he told his mother to take measures to measure what was in his bag; the mother went to take action to his brother; he waxed the bottom; when his sister returned the measure, a gold coin stuck to the wax; his nephew explained that in the city his skins had been torn apart and given gold in pieces; fellow villagers they slaughtered oxen, came to town and shouted that they were selling oxen skins; they were beaten, the brahmanas were outraged; knowing what would happen, the mother and son left home, taking the money and leaving pumpkins inside; people set fire to the house; when the pumpkins burst, they thought that the heads of the boy and his mother had burst; the boy filled two bags with coals, went to town; there were many ox-drawn carts on the road; the boy changed his other; there were money and jewelry in the bags; in the village, the guy rebuilt himself again, borrowed his uncle's measure again, gold stuck to her again; the guy said that he sold coal at a high price; fellow villagers They burned down their houses, went to sell coal, they were driven away; they put the boy in a bag, beat him with batons for a long time and threw them into the water; but threw them ashore; he started screaming: why do I need my gold now? two horsemen drove up — a merchant and his wife; the guy said that the gold was in the bag; the merchant helped to get out and climbed there himself, the guy threw the bag into the water, persuaded the beautiful woman to stay with him, because he is not only handsome and young, but also very rich; in the village he said that horses and a beautiful woman were given to him at the bottom of the river; all his fellow villagers asked them to drown; the guy lived well with his wife and mother]: Schulze 1922, No. 7:47-54.

China — Korea. Koreans [the rich man went to take exams, took Tolse as a servant; he mocks him, gives the peasants a donkey and luggage; the owner sends him home, ordering him to kill him on his shirt; passerby read it, replaced it with an order to marry the owner's daughter; the owner returned, ordered T. to be put in a bag and drowned in the sea; the servants left the bag, the peasants released T., replaced him with a pig; a month later T. came to to the owner, told him how he lived with the dragon; he was waiting for the owner to visit, prepared expensive gifts and asked him to grab a millstone; the owner tied a millstone to his belt, threw himself into the sea and drowned]: Park 1991:296-299; Chinese: Lin Lin, Ustin 1959 [after agreeing with his wife, the poor man invited the evil landowner; the wife prepared everything in advance, and the poor man said that it was his cauldron that cooks food in a minute; the landowner bought the pot for big money; realizing that they had been deceived, ordered the poor man to be drowned; the servants hung the bag on a tree and went to eat; hearing the voice of the landowner's son nearby, the poor man began to say that he was sitting in a bag to heal his eyes; son the landowner exchanged places with the poor man, drowned, and the poor man took his herd; said he received them in the barn of the river spirit; the landowner and his two remaining sons jumped into the water and drowned]: 381-387; Eberhard 1941, No. 121 [A stupid peasant has a cunning son-in-law; when his father-in-law came to visit, the son-in-law, agreeing with his wife, brought pre-cooked meat in the pot, pretending that raw meat was instant cooked; father-in-law bought a pot for a lot of money; next time the father-in-law saw his son-in-law litter silver; (he put coins under the tail of the ox in advance); father-in-law bought an ox; the son-in-law bought sheep and said that I got them from the sea dragon; my father-in-law wanted them for himself; they swam — one in a tub, the other in a barrel; you have to knock and ask for sheep; my son-in-law told me to hit harder, the tub split, the father-in-law drowned]: 209-211.

The Balkans. Albanians [three beardless people are waiting for travelers at three bridges; a peasant woman sells a draft ox; one beardless advises cutting off his tail first, the other his horns, and the third his ears; no one He does not buy this; the peasant slaughtered an ox; went with a donkey to the bridge; pretended to take a gold donkey out of a donkey; a beardless wants to buy a donkey for 200 lire, but the peasant demands 500; the second is ready to give 300, the third gives 500; the beardless fed the donkey barley (which supposedly makes money) and he is dead; they went to kill the peasant; he caught two birds with one stone in advance, agreed with his wife; promised beardless to return the money, but for now he invited him home for lunch, sending a hare to his wife with an errand; at home, the wife confirms everything, but now the hare rocks the baby (he was tied to the cradle); the beardless bought a hare for 800 lire (500 for a donkey); the peasant again agreed with his wife, tied her gut with blood to her neck: when the beardless come, the idea is supposedly a quarrel; for a knife that revives the dead, the beardless give more 500 lire; killed their own wives; put the peasant in a bag to drown him in the sea, left him for a while, he shouts that he does not want to marry the Beauty of the Earth, the shepherd changed places with him, drowned, the peasant took his herd; tells the beardless that he brought him from the seabed, and if he had been drowned in a deeper place, there would be more sheep; the beardless ones rushed into the sea and drowned, the peasant would get everything]: Pedersen 1898, No. 10:70-81; Serbs [beardless (“chosso”) met two merchant brothers; put ducats under the tail of a donkey; after the word “Chuksh”, the donkey throws away ducats; the brothers bought a donkey for gold; in the morning they can't enter the room where he was left; something glitters in it; the door was broken: the donkey died, blocking the door, and the horseshoes glittered on his hooves; the brothers came to deal with the deceiver; he had prepared two in advance hares and agreed with his wife; the brothers say they will kill chosso; he replies that they did not feed their father correctly; releases the hare with orders for his wife to cook dinner and bring them; after a while, the wife all brings a donkey; the brothers bought a donkey for gold; the hare ran away from them into the forest; chosso tied blood bubbles under his wife and children's clothes; when the brothers arrived, chosso pretended to be angry and hit with a knife; then he played the flute, the dead came to life; the brothers bought a flute, killed their wives; put the chosso in a bag and carried it to drown; left the bag, went in for a drink; the shepherd chases a herd of sheep; chosso shouts that he did not wants to be the owner of a tavern; the shepherd climbs into the bag instead of him; the shepherd was drowned; the chosso brought the herd: if we left me not at the shore, but in the middle of the lake, he would have brought more rams; the brothers drowned , chosso brought sheep home]: Eschker 1992, No. 104:299-305; Bulgarians [a poor family stabs their only ox to have a feast for the villagers, but then no one invites organizers a feast; or the younger brother borrowed the older horse to plow, he died from work, and the elder returned only the skin; when he went to sell the skin, the poor man accidentally became rich (threw it off the tree under which they were sitting the robbers, they ran away, leaving the loot; or enters the house where the mistress has a lover; pretends that he has an omniscient feature in his horse's skin; on his behalf indicates where the hostess hid the food and drinks where “hell” is hidden (lover); gets money from the owner and lover; or sells leather at a wedding for a drum; when he returns, he says he sold his skin at the bazaar; neighbors slaughter their cattle, but skins they cannot sell; they throw crap at the man's yard; he collects it in bags, stays with the khan (priest) and says that the royal treasury is in the bags; if they are opened, gold will turn into crap; bags opened, the person was given gold instead of crap; the man's wife died or was killed by neighbors (the younger brother killed the elder's wife); the cunning (older brother) puts the corpse on the donkey and accuses the person who pushed the body ( a person in the field, in the garden, in a tavern, at a wedding) in murder; receives a girl or money in return; says that he exchanged the deceased for a living (sold for money); neighbors killed wives; the cunning man is put in a bag, they leave him for a while to drown in the sea; he shouts that he does not want to marry the princess, the shepherd agrees to take his place; the cunning man brought a herd of sheep, says he got it at the bottom; the neighbors drown]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 1535:491-493; Macedonians [Petre went to the bazaar to sell a cow; one of the three envious people said that the price was tailless, the second was hornless, the third was crazy; the mutilated cow had to be taken to slaughter; P. told the envious that he had sold the cow at a high price, invited them to his place; agreed with his wife that she would hide one hare and release the other, so that he would would call her husband; envious people bought a hare for a lot of money; put P. in a bag and carried him to drown it in the sea; left it for a while; P. shouts that he does not want to be king; the rich man drove the sheep, changed with P. in some places, drowned; P. brought sheep, said that from the bottom; the peasants jumped into the water and drowned]: Golenishchev-Kutuzov 1991:361-364; the Greeks (Epirus) [the priest brought oxen to the well; their two beardless praised, adding that if their tail and one horn were cut off, they would become even more beautiful; next time, the second horn and ear; ear and lips; the oxen were dead, the priest realized that they had laughed at him; led him to the well a donkey, putting gold coins under his tail; the beardless bought a donkey; the priest ordered him to be left in a dark stable for two weeks, giving him a bag of beans; the donkey's stomach swelled and he died; the priest agreed to wife to tie her gut with blood; he will pretend to be angry, stab her with a knife, and then play on the pipe and she will “come to life”; the beardless believed, bought a pipe, killed their wives; planted the priest into the chest, dragged him to drown, went to eat; a shepherd came up, the priest shouted that he did not want to marry the princess, the shepherd changed with him; the priest brought his herd, said that from the bottom; the beardless asked them to drown; the priest healed peacefully with his wife]: Hahn 1864, No. 42:220-223; Hungarians: Ortutai 1974, No. 27 [Kolozh Maly has one horse, the Bolshoi has 4; they are harnessed together and the KM field they plow on Sundays; KB: don't say, “my horses”, yours is only one; KM says KB killed his horse; KM brought the skin to town; saw through the window that the woman has a lover; hides; husband came, KM went out, went in with to his house, his lover is already in the chest; KM says that he has a thing in his bag: meat in the stove, wine behind the closet, a demon in the chest; the owner bought the thing for gold, KM took the demon to drown, he paid off in gold; at home KM sends his son to the design bureau to measure the money, they say, sold the skin; KB killed four horses; wanted to kill KM at night, killed his mother; KM brings the body to the tavern, says that the mother is deaf; she was pushed, KM received for the gold he killed; said he sold the dead old woman; the KB killed his mother, he was imprisoned; when he left, carried the KM in a bag to drown; leaving the bag, went to church; KM tells the shepherd that he was being carried to the kingdom of heaven; the shepherd changed places, drowned; KM brought the herd, says that from the bottom; the KB tells him to drown; drowned]: 344-349; Shustova 1994 [two older brothers are smart, the younger Ishtok is a fool; agreed: whoever the bull would enter, he would get it; the bull ran to I.; he went to sell it, a birch tree creaks by the road, I. tied a bull to it, promised to come and get a hundred forints; the bull was eaten by wolves, I. hits the birch tree with an ax, gold is pouring out of it, I. brought a whole bucket; the brothers replaced it with rotten wheat; I. went to sell it, he was ridiculed; he stopped for the night, the wheat was eaten by pigs; I. promises tell the king that royal gold was stolen from this house, the owner paid off with money; tells the brothers that he sold rotten wheat; the brothers went to sell, they were beaten; the brothers said that I. was talking to devils; he was put in a barrel to drown; he shouts that he does not want to be governor; the master changes places with him, I. picks up the carriage and horses, says he found it at the bottom (under the gatia); everyone jumped into the river, I. took possession of the whole village]: 144-148; Romanians [{p. 481 in pdf is not available; apparently this is the same or one-story text as Sadetsky's Russian translation 1973:229-247}; Pecale fed the heifer, she walked all over the village; the villagers decided to kill her, and P. gave her skin; he sold the skin for 300 lei and came back; told his neighbors he sold it for 600 guilders; the neighbors slaughtered their cattle and went to sell their skins, they rushed to beat them at the market; they came to P. and relieved his need in the hallway; P. packed everything in a keg, went on a journey and spent the night with the boyar; said that there was gold in the keg for the king; in the morning he began to scream that gold had been replaced by crap; the boyar ordered the keg to be cleaned and filled with gold; P. told his neighbors that he had sold the crap for gold; they also went to sell them, they were beaten; they put P. in a bag and went to drown them; forgot to measure the pole where the water is deeper, ran after it, leaving the bag; the shepherd drives the herd; P.: they want to drown me because I refuse to be the head; the shepherd took P.'s place, drowned; P. brought the herd, said from the bottom; neighbors drowned]: Bîrlea 1966:481-482.

Central Europe. Poles [the poor man's last cow (horse) died, he carries the skin to the city to sell; (fills it with wasps and bees on the way); or he caught and took a crow with him; stayed overnight in the house, where the wife receives her lover; the husband suddenly returns, the wife hides the treats, hides the lover under the bed; the guest creaks his skin or stings the crow; pretends to tell him where the food is hidden; the husband buys leather and also gives him a chest in which his lover pays not to drown him; when he returns, the poor man takes a measure from his brother, a coin sticks to her; the poor man explains that he has received the money, after selling the skin (or the mother's corpse); the brother stabbed a cow (horse) or killed the mother, tries to sell the skin or body; puts the poor man in a bag to drown, leaves him for a while; the poor man screams that he does not want to be king; the shepherd changes places with him, is drowned, the poor man brings sheep, says that from the bottom; the brother himself throws himself into the water, drowns]: Krzyżanowski 1962, No. 1535:81-82; Slovaks [after the death of his father two older brothers shared the property, and the youngest was assigned to live in a barn; they cannot share the only cow; decide: to build two new barns in addition to the old one; whoever cow enters is hers he will take it; the cow goes to the old barn to her younger brother; then the brothers slaughtered her, the youngest was given only skin; flies and hornets flew at her; the guy rolled up and sewed up the skin to keep the hornets inside, went to wander; in the evening he knocked on the miller; only his wife was at home, reluctantly agreed to let the beggar into the attic; he hears her being kind to her lover, wine on the table, pickles; suddenly a knock on the door; husband suddenly, he came back because the cart is broken; he is hungry, his wife offers old sour cabbage soup; hides food; tells his lover to climb into the barrel of feathers, but he first climbed into the barrel of resin; when he found out about the beggar, the husband tells him to go down; the guy says he has the truth with him — a skin with perfume buzzing inside; the perfume first talks about pies, then about wine and roast, then about the devil in the barrel; the devil is pulled out , they beat, he pays off, two hundred gold; the guy seems to reluctantly agree to sell the truth for the same hundred gold; when he leaves, a mill catches up with him, gives 200 gold, asks to remove the truth from home; the guy advises to make a hole in the skin and carefully release the hornets; the guy came back, started a farm; told his brothers about fools who were ready to buy the truth; they slaughtered their cows, came to the miller, on them they let the dogs in and beat him; the brothers destroyed his house; the youngest collected the pieces in three barrels, took him; told the owner of the inn that he was carrying royal money and he was told to stop there only to the inn, so that, if anything, they would know where to look; at night, the robbers brought three barrels of money; in the morning they slept, the owner was afraid to get up before the robbers left, gave the key to the cellar; the guy took the money robbers, he was not caught up; he told the brothers that the owner of the inn was making new and old, paying for shards; the brothers destroyed what was at home, took them to the inn, and on the way the robbers were all they were taken away from them, they returned naked and beaten; put the youngest in a bag, carried him to drown; went to the healer for advice: how best to throw him into the river, with his legs or his head forward; the guy began to scream that he did not want to to be king; the shepherd heard, swapped places with him, drowned, the guy brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the brothers saw the reflection of sheep in the water, jumped their heads forward; the youngest married and healed well]: Dob šinský 1970, No. 48:244-252; Russians (Karelian Pomorie, Sumy Posad) [the priest has a thin horse; Senka rode it, killed it; said that she was missing, asked the priest to buy another horse; drove her into the swamp, cut off her head, put it in the quagmire; called the priest to pull it out; the pop pulled, his head “came off”, the pop fell, began to sink; then called the deacon, he looked: his head was cut off; they went to kill together S.; he lives with his sister, agreed with her; tied her gut with blood to her side; pretended to be angry with her and “killed” her; then snapped the whip, the sister “came to life” and “went out to party with their priest and deacon”; S. sold them a whip, they stabbed their wives; they came back to S.; he put the horses under the tail of various money in advance; the pop bought a mare; S.: only a week from under the tail can't be removed; a week later there is manure; S. pretended to be dead; the pop and the deacon decided to recover at his grave, he hit their ass with a hot rod; they put him in a kul, brought him to drown him, went to make an ice-hole for a shovel; S.: I don't want to be a judge; the passing master agrees to change, drowned; S. took his three, arrived: God let go and awarded him horses; the pop and the deacon drowned in an ice-hole]: Razumova, Senkina 1974, No. 46:232-237; Russians ( Arkhangelskaya, Pinega, d. Obrosovo, 1927, L.E. Zalusskaya, worked as a housekeeper in Arkhangelsk for several years) [Overina's missing mare eats his brothers' good stallions, they demand that he kill her. Overya kills a mare, takes off its skin and agrees to sell it for 40 kopecks. Pop sends Overa to his wife for money, he finds her with her master, she hears the pop coming home and hiding them both underground. Overya threatens to scream and give her master and get caught, and gradually lures him 25 rubles, a pair of master's horses, and a suit in exchange for silence. Overya returns home and tells her friends that she bought a pair of horses with the proceeds from the sale of mare's skin. They kill their “hundred-ruble” stallions, but asked so much for their skins that they quarreled with their ass and ended up in the police. Their wives sell cows to buy their husbands and threaten to kill Overu. His wife tells him about it. They dig a hole behind the house, and Overya sits in it with a hot hook. The wife tells her comrades that Overya is dead. They come to the grave, sit down alone and Overya sticks his hook to find out that they are going to rob his wife. She puts her husband in a bag full of dry brooms. The comrades decide that there is money in the heaviest and most “poignant bag” and take it away. He asks to let him go out of the bag, his comrades are frightened, they run after the hooks to drown Overu. He shouts that he has been appointed voivode, although he can neither read nor write, the master hears this and changes places with him. Overya rides a pair of master, and his comrades drown him. Overer is greeted alive, he says that he got a couple of horses in the next world, they also decide to drown themselves]: Karnaukhova 1934, No. 118:220-223; Russians (Arkhangelsk, 1908, Sumy Posad, Meschanka U.E. Bazarov) [Guests live in the house of the jester Gavrila and his wife. Gavrila buys a cup to make oatmeal, persuades his wife to swear at him in front of the guests and promises that he will not cook dinner. She performs, guests see how she interferes with water alone in the cup, her husband quietly puts oatmeal in her sleeve. Guests ask Gavrila how his wife makes dinner out of water. Gavrilo replies that it's about the cup, you can even make dinner from the ice-hole water. They buy a cup (“pour out silver”), try to cook dinner, interfere with water, but “nothing is born”. They understand Gavrila's deception. Gavrila scatters silver all over the yard. Guests come, he asks for help collecting, he says it's a horse's bowel movements. They buy a horse for 300 rubles. He suggests tying a bag to the horse's tail and taking it off after four days. Guests visit their wives and discover Gavrila's deception. They're going to see him again. Gavrila persuades his wife to scold him again in front of the guests and refuse to cook dinner, in response to her refusal, he stabs her and she falls (pretending to kill her). Then she whips his wife and she comes to life. Guests also want to teach their own people a lesson and buy a vein whip. They return home, their wives scold them for drinking all their money, the guests kill their wives, but they can't revive them. The jester Gavrila feels dangerous and asks his wife to bury him alive in a sack in the grave. Guests come and ask them to see Gavrila's grave. They took out a bag, brought it to the river and went to the village for a shovel (there is nothing to “dig ice out of Jordan”). The jester Gavrila shouts that he is forcibly married to a lady, a merchant passing by changes places with him. The guests returned and threw the master in the sack into the hole. Gavrila is met on the road in a carriage drawn by three horses, Gavrila says that horses are given in the next world, guests also want to teach horses, go to the ice-hole and drown. The jester Gavrila returned to his wife, they still live]: Tseitlin 1911, No. 1:6-9; Russians (Vologda) [two brothers are smart, they work, the third Ivan is a fool, only catches flies; his mother sent him to carry him brothers a pot of dumplings; I. sees his shadow, thinks that a man throws dumplings, threw everything away, then the pot, it broke; his brothers beat him, made the sheep herd, went to the village for lunch; the sheep they began to wander away, I. gouged their eyes; his brothers beat him again; for the holiday they sent him to the city to buy spoons, a table, food; when he went back, he ordered the table to go by itself — he has four legs like a horse; food He fed everything to the crows - let the sisters eat; put pots and korchagi (“hats”) on the burnt stumps; the horse does not drink from the river - apparently, he does not want salt without salt, he poured salt into the river; the horse still does not drink, I. killed her with a log; carried spoons, they rattle, he thinks they are teasing “Ivan the Fool”; he trampled on them; the brothers sent I. to collect what he threw away; he made a hole in the korchagi, put everything on one batog; at home he hears that the beer is wandering; he thinks that it is teasing him - he released it and began to swim in the trough; the brothers sewed the fool into the kul, carried him to drown; left and went to inspect the ice-hole; the master rides on the top three; I. shouts that he they want to make him a voivode, but he does not know how to judge; the master ordered him to be sewn into the kul; drowned; I. arrives at the top three - they were given at the bottom; the brothers ordered them to drown; I. drove home to finish drinking beer and remember the brothers]: Gura 1965, No. 13:219-220; Russians (Vologda) [the jester took a pot and a stick, went to the big road, cooked porridge, scattered the fire; 12 Kolomna residents came, the jester offered porridge, says he needed a stick knock on the pot and say — he will cook; Kolomna residents bought a pot and a stick; went to the jester to kill them for deception; he again sold them a stick that allegedly bakes pies; tied his wife under her clothes a bubble of bull blood; pretended to be angry with her, stabbed her, the wife fell, the blood flowed; the jester whipped his wife, she got up again; sold the whip and knife to the Kolomna residents, they killed their wife; the jester ordered tell his wife that he was dead; the Kolomna residents did not believe it, pulled the living out of the grave, carried him to drown him in a bag; the ice-hole froze, went for an ax; the master was driving; the jester shouts: I can't judge and row in the province; master he swapped places with him, his master was drowned; the jester came in the lordly three, said he had it at the bottom; Kolomna residents climbed into the ice-hole, the jester drowned them]: Gura 1965, No. 41:265-266; Russians (Moscow) [ two brothers are hard-working, and Vanka is a lazy person; he ordered a stuffed calf, asked his brother to take the calf into the herd; he does not go, his brother with a whip, his head fell off, V. threatens to sue, his brother gave the cow; V. stabbed her, went to sell his skin, picked up a slaughtered crow on the way; the mill let him spend the night; V. noticed where the food was hidden and that there was a lover clerk in the house; the miller returned, calling the traveler to the table; he said that goes to sell a wonderful bird; supposedly, with a hint, the crow shows where the food is; and the devil is in the chest; the clerk runs out in flour and feathers; the miller bought a crow for 300 rubles; V. tells the brothers that he raised money for the skin; they slaughtered the cattle, they pay one and a half rubles for the skin; the brothers put V. in a bag, went to drown, went to drink; the old man drives the herd; V. says that he was cleansed of his sins in the bag; the old man took his place; the old man was drowned; V. brought sheep, says that from the bottom of the river; the brothers drowned]: Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 89:227-230; Russians (Tambov) [Mikula, the jester, agreed to give his sister to wife's ass, refused other applicants, for which they accused him of stealing Popov's honey (they stole it themselves). They gave his priest a drink, persuaded Mikula to drown him, brought him to the ice-hole in a bag, and went to buy a crowbar. Mikula shouts loudly that he is being made a priest, while he does not know the letter, the rich merchant changes places with him, comes home on three horses. Matchmakers say that he got horses when they fell into the ice-hole, they do it and drown]: Kalnitskaya 2003, No. 14:22; Russians (Kursk, Mokhovsky district) [To get bread, a man and his wife feed neighbors with their cow's meat, but guests don't give bread. A man sells cow leather in the city for three rubles, and on the way back he stays in the house for the night. The man notices that a lover comes to the hostess, she hides him and the man underground when she sees that her husband is returning from the war. The man threatens his lover that he will scream, and so on lures him all the money (450 rubles), then shouts “Robbery” and runs out of the underground, his lover runs after him, both in threshing fluff, her husband takes them for hell. The man tells his neighbors that he sold cow leather for 450 rubles, one of them is trying to sell the skin of his cows, but he is taken to the police and beaten there “so that he knows the value and does not stir up people.” The same thing happens to two other neighbors who claimed too high leather prices. They are angry with the man, put him in a bag about to drown him, none of them want to sin, the man advises them to bring a pitchfork and put him in the water on them (so that the sin stays on the pitchfork), in their absence he he sings loudly that he is being given a royal position, but he is not literate, a master rides by, changes places with the man (he gives three horses, money, half of the estate). Neighbors throw away the bag with the master, see the man in new clothes, who says that he received wealth when he was in the maritime kingdom. Neighbors ask their wives to throw them into the water and drown, the sergeant sees this, beats his wives. The surviving neighbors set fire to the man's house, he stuffs his clothes with straw and puts him by the window. The man asks the carpenters to move his new hut to the village overnight, tells his neighbors that he complained to God about his fate and he offered him to choose a hut in the village and lodged him and his wife there. He chose a simple house because the man is “unenvious” and was brought down from the sky on a wire. Neighbors do not believe the man, but no longer try to teach him a lesson]: Aristov, Pavlov 1939:63-66; Russians (Voronezh, Nizhnedevitsky District, p. Kuchugury, 1936) [Vanya the fool exchanges the ruble for a penny, throws it from hand to hand and falls into the excrement of his weak horse. The pop and the deacon see that Vanya is looking for something, he says that his horse is being emptied with money, they buy it for 300 rubles. The horse is the first to take the pop, in the morning he realizes that Vanya has deceived them, he can't find anything. The deacon does not believe, brings the horse to him, feeds him, but he also does not find money. Vanya slaughters a sheep and draws its blood into a bottle. She persuades his wife to pretend to be sick. When a pop and clerk come to him, he stabs his wife in the side, she quietly spills lamb blood. The pop and the deacon go home to treat their wives in the same way and kill them. The pop and the deacon put Vanya in a bag, want to drown him, but cannot cut the ice on the river, go for a “crack”. A master passes by, Vanya says that whoever sits in the bag will become Zemstvo changes places with Vanya, he is thrown into the river, and Vanya leaves in a troika. He meets a priest and a deacon, says that when they drowned him, he said “Storms, storms, give me brown brown horses” and got them. The pop and the deacon ask Vanya to drown them. They manage to say “burke”]: Pukhova 2006, No. 3:78-80; (cf. Russians (Voronezh) [After being deported to distant places, the robber invariably returns home. They put it in a bag and want to throw it into the river, but they forget the “shostik”, cannot push it into the water and leave it on the shore. The robber shouts from the bag, the master passing by says that he, an illiterate, is forcibly imprisoned in the kingdom, agrees to swap seats with the master for a couple of horses and 200 rubles. The master sits in a bag with the coachman, they are dumped into the water. The robber spends money in foreign lands and returns home. He explains that when he fell into the water, he caught brown horses, so there were burks (bubbles on the water) on the surface. People began to send old parents to the river for horses, they are drowning]: Baryshnikova 2007, No. 53:203-204); Ukrainians (p. Drachyntsi, Kitsman district, Chernivtsi region) [People are expelling taverns from several villages. They wander around, see the guy, find out that his name is Ivanko. They say they are looking for a place to set up new taverns and offer to join them. First they ask them to guide them, or they're lost. He agrees and takes them into the forest in the evening. It's getting dark. He's telling them to sleep. He finds them anthills instead of a pillow. At night they are bitten by ants. I. advises them to sleep quietly, because they are little wolves, and when they hear big ones, they will only have shoes left. Korchmari calm down and endure. There is no servant in the morning, the taverns think that he was eaten by wolves. I. finds gypsies who cook soup in a smoky pot, buys a pot for four kruzers. He takes a pot, digs up potatoes, brings water, sits down by the road and makes a fire. Starts to cook. There is a noise from the thicket: it is the taverns who quarrel because everyone wants to be in charge. They are happy to see a hire. I. extinguishes the fire, scatters the coals and sprinkles the pot with dust. The water continues to gurgle. Korchmari are surprised. I. explains that this is a magic pot. If you shower it with dust, you can also cook an ox. Korchmari buy a pot for a hundred gold. I. pours out the water, picks up the cooked potatoes and moves on. He sees a cart with a broken wheel, repairs it, sits on the cart, rests. Korchmari, after digging up potatoes, brings water in a pot and sprinkles it with road dust. The water does not boil, breakfast is not cooked. Korchmari are angry and break the pot. They run in the direction where I. They find him snoring on a cart. I. asks what words they said when they put water into the pot. They say they only smacked their tongues. I.: I should have said: “Gulgle, gurgle, gurgle, let us cook breakfast with water and potatoes — as tasty as chicken.” Korchmari is asked why he didn't tell them this before. He replies that they didn't ask, they were probably afraid that some unfortunate Kreuzer would have to pay extra, now let them go hungry. Korchmari complain that they can no longer walk. Ivanko tells them to pull the cart up the mountain and says they will be lucky next. He sleeps on straw, and they pull the cart. Pulling out, they wake up I. He jumps to the ground, tells them to sit down, lets the cart down the mountain. Then he leads the taverns to rest. It leads you to the tree, tells you to climb to the top, get attached to the branches and sleep, because the wolves here are the fiercest. In the middle of the night, he cuts off the lower branches, lays them on the ground and goes to bed on the soft. In the morning, taverns ask who broke off the branches. He replies that the wolves chewed. When asked why he didn't erase it, he said he dozed off for a while, then he hooted off, and they ran away. Korchmari: How to get off now. I. advises that the strongest should grab a strong branch, and let the others grab each other's legs and get off like a rope. Korchmari don't find the strongest soon. One grabs a branch and hangs in the air. When they start to descend, the strongest one screams that his hands are worn out. I. advises to spit on the palm of your hand. He spits, all the taverns fall down. When they come to their senses, I. leads them in the field. Buckwheat blooms there. He tells them that this is such a river, it is already foaming, you have to swim across, and there is a hut on the other side where you can relax, so let them rush into the waves. Korchmari, closing his eyes, falls into buckwheat, waving their hands, I. cheers up. At the very least, they crawl through the field and find themselves above the Prut River. They are angry, they put Ivanko in his fur for the mockery. They decide that while they rest in the hut, let the fur lie on the shore, otherwise they have no strength to throw it into the river. I. hears a carriage coming. He starts screaming: “Save me! I can neither read nor write, and they want to appoint me emperor tomorrow.” A landowner rides on a carriage. He decides to become emperor, gets off, releases I., and climbs into his fur himself. I. sits in the carriage and rides. Korchmari throw their fur with the landowner into Prut and set off on the road. They see I. on a carriage. He says he got horses in the world they sent him to. Korchmari want horses like them. I. leads them to the bridge, orders them to jump. The tavern that flies down first dives and no longer emerges. The others are scared. I.: He chooses the best horses and the most beautiful carriage there, do they really want them to be left with jaws and taradaiks. They're jumping. I. sits on a carriage, goes on]: Ivasyuk 1968:49-53; 1973:69-73; Ukrainians (Poltava, Romensky y.) [Rich Mikola and poor Mikolka become cronies, the former has stallions, the other has one nag. Mikolka asks to borrow his godfather's horses to plow, people report to Mikola, he is angry, kills the oath, and takes his horses. Mikolka takes her skin to the fair in Sokirivka. On the way, she asks to spend the night, but the sick hostess does not let him in, he climbs into the barn, sees that a pop is visiting her, then her husband comes back, hides the snack on the stove, and her butt in the box. Mikolka asks the owner to let him in, he lets him in. Mikolka presses the skin under the table - says that there are treats on the stove, then that devils are in the house, points to the chest, the owner instantly cuts the “patched” priest with an ax. The owner gives Mikolka a few measures of gold in gratitude for the spell. His wife takes a measure of gold from Mikola, who discovers coins stuck in the measure, and Mikola explains that he became rich selling horse skin. Mikola skins horses, but sells them for 3 rubles and wants to slaughter Mikolka. He realizes the plan of the godfather, puts his mother in his place, takes her to the fair with her head severed off in the morning, attaches her head to her body, asks the kvass to bring her mother kvass, which touches her head, she falls, he asks Mikola not to tell anyone what happened, pays in gold. Goes back to his wife, repeat with a measure. Mikola repeats the godfather's actions again, cuts her mother and daughter, takes him to the fair, and takes him to a madhouse. A month later they let go, want to drown the godfather, puts him in a bag, leaves him at the church. Mikola shouts that he is being sent to heaven in a bag, and a master rides by, ready to switch seats with him. Mikola leaves with her wealth in a carriage, Mikola throws her master into the water. At home, she discovers that her godfather is alive and rich again, Mikolka says that he pulled the cattle by the horns from under the water. Mikola asks his wife to throw him into the water in a deeper place]: Gnedich 1916, No. 1514:37-40; Belarusians [Stepan steals a stallion, a box of money, his wife from Mr. for a bet; to steal his wife, he throws him on the road the boot, and then the second; the coachman stopped the wagon, followed the first, S. stole the wagon from the lady; says to Mr. that he sold it to hell; he orders to return it; S. pretends to put it on the lake where the devils live church, a rope from the vine to carry the devils ashore; the devil offers challenges; who hangs more (S. blindfolded the line, hit the stake); who will throw an iron mace higher (S. is waiting for the cloud to pass, there 12 blacksmith brothers will buy a mace; the devil asks not to throw it); the devil gave the lady; S. tells his pansky sons that his wife helps him get rich: you need to rinse her left armpit with a knife, bad blood will flow out; negotiates with his wife, tied a bubble of blood under her clothes; the panychi stabbed their wives, carried S. to drown in a bag; the lake froze, went to make an ice-hole for an ax; S. shouts that he does not want to be king; the clerk climbs into the bag instead of him, S. takes three horses; the panychi ask them to drown them to get their horses; drowned]: Vasilenok et al. 1958:197-201; Czechs [father bequeathed to sons by name Jura, Joseph and Janko split the cows equally; they agreed to let the cows go to graze, and then let them return to the barn themselves; Yu opened the doors of his barn and went to bed, and the brothers drove the cows out of it; stayed one old; Yu killed her, a swarm of bumblebees sat on her skin, Yu wrapped his skin with bumblebees, went to sell her; looked out the miller's window: there was the miller's wife and some gentleman, wine, various food; here a miller came, his wife stuffed her lover into the closet, hid the rest in different places; Yu came in, said that his skin knew everything; the mill denied that there was food in the house, and the “soothsayer” indicated where what is located; the miller bought a “soothsayer” for a lot of money; Yu added that there was a devil in the closet; the miller gave him the closet; Yu took him to throw him into the river; the gentleman sitting inside asked him to let him out gave a lot of money; Yu told the brothers that he sold the skin; the brothers killed their cows, went to sell them, the miller beat them; the brothers sent the children to dirty Yu's hay; he put the hay in a barrel, sold it at a high price as a remedy for the plague; the brothers asked Y. to send his children to contaminate their hay; realizing the deception, they threw Y. in a barrel into the river; he screams that he does not want to be governor; the shepherd changed with him, Yu brought the herd; brothers asked to throw them in barrels into the river, disappeared]: Němcová 1990:314-323.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. The Kalmyks [the fox pricked its paw, came to the field of poor Senyak; he tied its paws and pulled out a thorn; three rich brothers came and mistook the fox for a dog; S. exchanged it for a horse: my dog itself brings game; the fox did not return, S. explained that his dog was probably stuck in a hole; put the food and the araku in the hole in advance, covered it with earth; hit this place with a stick, took out the hidden one; exchanged the stick for two horses; hid a gut with blood under his wife's hat; when indignant brothers arrived, S. pretended to be angry with his wife, stabbed him on the head, splashed blood; then “revived” the victim with a whip; exchanged a whip on three horses; the brothers killed their wives, could not revive them; the brothers tied S. to the poplar, went to buy firewood to burn it; S. tells the humpback and half-blind shepherd that being tied to a tree is healed because of these ailments; the shepherd exchanged places with S., his brothers burned him; S. says that a spark from his body fell into the river, he was given a flock at the bottom; now underwater spirits divide horses; brothers poured sand into their trousers , jumped into the water and drowned]: Vatagin 1964:211-216; Crimean Tatars: Borovkov 1938 [rich Saranbay is coming from the bazaar, asks Pleshivoy (Tazolan) to give him a sum of money, where he has a jug with bekmes; T. deliberately broke a jug, licked the bekmes, rode away; spent the night in S.'s house; S.'s wife and daughter hide a turkey and a cake, T. notices that they have to feed him; at night T. eats the filling in the pie, replaces pieces of leather dudes; S. is going to pierce T.'s horse with a pitchfork at night; he smears his horse with manure and chalk to match the color of S.'s horse and vice versa, S. stabs his horse; T. says S. that his wife is not wants to give him his whip; tells S.'s wife that her husband told her to give him her daughter; the wife screams, asking again, S. shouts to give it back (meaning the whip); having received the girl, T. invites the ploughmen to go to that one , and he will work for them; steals oxen, cuts off tails, sticks them into the ground; ploughmen stay to dig up oxen, T. and the girl drive oxen further; offers to cure the shepherd from scab: slaughter the ram, put it on stomach on your head, keep it until midnight; tie a kid to your feet: if it bleats, then the herd leaves; he steals the herd himself; comes to the witch's palace; says that the army of the Lilliputian king is coming (this is stolen herd), tells us to escape; she climbs into the oven, he burns it; S. follows, meets plowmen, a shepherd, they all come to the witch's palace, grab T.; he tells me not to make noise so as not to wake up the witch, puts them to sleep on good beds, pours water into bed at night; they think they have peed themselves, slowly leave; they come back, put T. in a bag to drown, go to the wedding, throwing the bag into a pile of hay; T. shouts that they want to marry him by force, the shepherd climbs into the bag instead of him, is thrown off a cliff into the sea; T. drives the herd, says he got 500 sheep at the bottom; everyone asks them to throw them into the sea too; T. marries daughters S., thrives]: 47-63; Zarubin, Zarubin 1991 [scythe advises forty bald cows to herd not together, but one by one; he does not want to herd himself, but leaves his cow in the herd; the bald ones kill her; the scythe carries to sell the skin, stops at the woman's house; the vizier enters, the woman hides it, kills it with a scythe, fills it with boiling bacon; the hostess pays in gold to remove the corpse with a scythe; he puts it outside the house; the husband the housewife thinks that he is a thief, stabs a knife, fears that he has killed the vizier; takes gold with a scythe, takes the corpse, throws it off the minaret, people are afraid that they will accuse them, they also give gold to the scythe, he dumps the corpse into the sea; says to the bald people that they got gold by selling their belts; bald ones cut their cows, make belts, no one buys them; they carry a scythe to drown; he advises going to the forest to buy sticks to beat him first; tells the shepherd that he is kept in a bag until he agrees to become a padishah; the shepherd changes slanting, beaten and drowned; the bald ones believe that the scythe has caught the herd at the bottom; they tell him to drown them]: 41-48; Kondaraki 1875 [after learning that Nasradin-Oja was a swindler, the padishah ordered him to be drowned; the messengers tied N. in a bag and went to find out exactly where to drown him; N. shouted that he did not want to marry the princess ; the shepherd took his place, he was drowned in the sea; N. brought the herd and said that he drove the sheep from the bottom of the sea]: 112; Stavropol Turkmens [two rich brothers did not invite the younger poor to wake for his father; he stabbed the bull, made a wake, made belts out of leather; after earning money, he said that he sold each strap for gold; the brothers slaughter their cattle, went to sell belts, ask for dearly, Khan puts them in prison for a week; the youngest burned his kibitka, carried bags of ash, putting several gold in each; did not give way, the arba overturned, he said that the fall made gold ash; khan told the caravans to fill the poor man's bags with gold; the older brothers burned the kibitki, went to sell ash, put them on a chain like crazy; when they let them go, they ran to slaughter the younger one; he drowned the shepherd drove the herd, said he caught sheep in the river; the elder sees the reflection of the sheep, enters the water, blows bubbles; the middle brother hears “kyrk, kyrk” (“forty”), believes that the elder has counted forty sheep, soon all takes it, rushes after him, both drowned]: Bagriy 1930 (2): 97-99; Zherdeva 2020 (Miskhor), No. 38 [same story]; Abaza [Khoja laughs at the princes, they put him in a bag, hung him under the bridge, to drown at night; hearing the shepherd chasing the flock, H. screams, Ra-Reith; explains that with this cry he drives the flocks out of the river; the shepherd changes places with him, H. steals his flock, the princes drown the shepherd; they see H., who explains that he got a flock at the bottom; the princes ask them to hang them in bags under the bridge; H. hangs, calls people, says that he has caught the robbers; they are beaten with sticks and pitchforks, then drowned]: Tugov 1985, No. 172:362-363; Ossetians: Byazirov 1960, No. 223 [three deceive a poor man who sold a bull; he hung a gut with blood under his wife's clothes, invited deceivers, “stabbed” his wife in front of them, here but he “resurrected” by playing the violin; the guests bought a violin, stabbed his wives; put the poor man in a bag, carried him to drown, left him for a while; persuaded the shepherd to change places with them; brought the herd, allegedly from the bottom; the deceivers threw themselves into the water]: 108-109; Byazirov 1972, No. 25 [three brothers shared their 15 sheep, each received five; Kobalia told the sheep to respond to the wolves if they came that their master is K.; wolves they ate the sheep, K. chased one of the wolves; he asks him not to touch him, promises to attack the herd of a one-eyed shepherd, at which time K. will be able to steal him; K. replies to his brothers that his sheep have multiplied in the forest; the brothers drove their brothers into the forest, they were eaten by wolves; K. asks him not to kill — let the brothers burn his house; loaded the coals in bags, said that he was carrying the royal goods; at night he poured out the coals, accused people of stealing, they filled his packs with gold, he told his brothers that he had exchanged coals for gold; the brothers burned their houses, went to exchange the coals for gold, they were beaten; the brothers placed K. in a wicker bag, carried them to drown; he told him to leave him on the shore (he will roll into the water himself, let the brothers not take sin on their souls); tells the shepherd that the one who climbed into the bag will become king; the shepherd takes his place, K. drowned him, took his herd, to his brothers said that he had caught them at the bottom; they ordered them to be drowned]: 209-212; Terek Cossacks [Demidka caught two crows in a snare, put one on the stove and told his wife not to let go; brought the other to church and a little crushed; the crow croaked; explains to the ass that if he sends the crow to his wife now to tell her to cook a rich dinner (he agreed with his wife D. in advance), she will do everything; let the pop come and check; the pop came, sees a crow on the stove; bought it for a hundred rubles; sent him to cook dinner; the pop came to D. to accuse him of deceiving him, but instead bought a self-propelled cart from him, not noticing that D. let her down the hill; the third time D. threw silver money into the horse manure — the pop bought a nag; the pop and the clerk bought it for a thousand rubles; in the morning the horse died, starving to wheat; when the pop with The clerk came to D., who hid a bubble of bovine blood on his wife's chest and agreed with her that she would swear and he would pretend to stab her; and when he hit her with a whip, he would seem to come to life; said that a passerby from China to Jerusalem gave him two whips; a pop and a clerk bought them; both killed their wives; D. suggests drowning him in a bag (if you just strangle him, he will come to life); the bag was thrown into the river, but D. ripped him apart he swam out quietly with a knife, came home; says that the water man rewarded him with money; the pop and the clerk allowed themselves to be drowned, D. took their money and opened a shop]: Baranov 1899, No. 6:231-244; Ingush [rich people harvest the poor if the field is on the coast; Tsagen convinced the sowers not to give up the grain; the rich decided to drown W.; he asked not to plant him on boards, but to tie a stone to his neck and throw it at sea; the rich decided that this was another deception, put C. on a boardwalk; the rich man's son herds the sheep; C. swam to the shore, said that he was swimming to the girls, sent the young man on a raft, took the sheep, said the rich who got them on the seabed; they jumped into the sea and drowned; the wives of the rich put C. in a bag, went to get stakes to beat him to death before throwing him into the sea; the shopkeeper is carrying full The arba is good; C. says he is put in a bag because he does not want to marry 7 girls, he changed from Ts, he was beaten and thrown into the sea; C. told the wives of the rich that their husbands live well and married sea women; wives with stakes in their hands threw themselves into the sea, drowned]: Sadulaev 2004, No. 99:255-259; Nogais [six brothers burn a new arba made seventh (he has a different mother); he is lucky coals covered in row into the city, says that the khan's gold is being brought, if anyone looks, it will become coals; the khan's sons look, fill the arba with gold; the brothers burn their arbs, laugh at them; they kill The wife of the seventh, who carries the corpse, says that under the row the beautiful daughter of the khan; the same, receives a daughter from the khan as his wife; the brothers put him in a bag to throw him into the sea; he shouts that he does not want to be a khan; the shepherd offers to change; the brothers drown the shepherd, the seventh returns with the herd, says he brought it from the bottom; the brothers drown]: Nogai 1979, No. 32:147-149; Terek Cossacks (v. Ardonskaya) [Peter has three horses, Petrushka has one; while plowing, Petrushka shouts that his horses are; Peter kills Petrushka's horse; he carries her skin to the city to sell her skin; goes to the hut, asks to let her go spend the night; the hostess allows you to stay in the yard; the owner arrives; Petrushka sees that the hostess's lover is hiding in the chest; the owner invites Petrushka into the house; he says he has horse skin a magician who knows what they have in their house; the owner asks to speak; Petrushka pushes the skin, it makes a noise; Petrushka: the magician said that there is vodka and fried chicken behind the stove; the hostess who cooked them for her lover, replies that she forgot to get them; Petrushka drinks and eats with the owner; pushes his skin again; assures that there is a devil in the chest; agrees to kick him out for the measure of gold; having received an award, rides a master's cart with a chest to the sea; lets his lover go for silver; comes home, sends his son to Peter for a measure; Peter smears its bottom with glue; Petrushka measures money, returns the measure, to on the bottom of which several coins are stuck; Peter asks where the money comes from; he replies that he sold his horse's skin for a measure of silver; Peter rips off his horses, takes them to the city, tries to sell them for the same price; they laugh at him; he comes to Petrushka at night to kill him; kills his mother-in-law, with whom he changed places; Petrushka puts her on a cart and supports her with chopsticks; drives up to the dukhan, drinks; the strangler offers a glass to his mother-in-law, pushes her, she falls; Petrushka accuses him of murder; the strangler gives a measure of silver, buries his mother-in-law at his own expense; Petrushka sends his son to Peter for measure; he sees coins stuck to the bottom, asks where the money comes from; Petrushka replies that he sold his mother-in-law; Peter kills his wife, takes her to the city; after leaving prison, he puts Petrushka in a bag and carries her to drown in sea; walks into church on the way, leaves the bag at the fence; Petrushka says to an old man passing by: “Lord, I'm still young, and I'm being taken to heaven!” ; the old man is jealous, gives Petrushka his cattle, climbs into a bag; Peter throws them into the sea; sees Petrushka with his cattle; Petrushka: “Have you seen bulbs? I'm the one who picked cattle from the sea. Y! How much of it is there!” ; Peter asks to throw him into the sea, reaches the shore himself; Petrushka throws him into the water and returns home]: Gusev 1893:358-363; Kumyks [a man named Tambiy took the lamb into the forest to graze, and his the wolf ate; T. grabbed the wolf; he asked him not to kill, promised to tear the shepherd and bring the flock; T. left one ram to the wolf, brought the others to him; said that he left a lamb in the forest, and through she multiplied for a month; neighbors took the sheep to the forest, they were eaten by wolves; T.'s mother was killed; he brought her to another village, left her standing at the gate; he was invited to lunch; T. said that his mother was ashamed; her pushed, T. accused the owners of murder, got two girls; told neighbors that in that village they give two girls for one dead man; residents dug up the dead, took them; returned; put T. in a bag so that throw it into the sea; leaving the bag, they went to beat T. for sticks; T. shouts: I don't want to be a khan; the shepherd swapped places with him; he was thrown into the sea, T. brought a flock, said that from the bottom; the neighbors allowed themselves drown; T. left one girl, and married her]: Barsov 1882, No. 3:129-132; Dargin residents: Aliyeva 2012, No. 85 [Nakrikutsul (“melody” + “ladle”) sees that the mill is built so that under There was a lot of flour left with a millstone, broke the millstone, took the flour; for this, the rich killed his mother; he placed the body outside the mullah's house, began to hide part of the food in his mother's pockets; the mullah sent his daughter to call her mother N., N.: she is deaf, she must be pushed; her body has fallen, N. says that the mother was killed, she gets a mullah's daughter and an arba of goodness; tells the rich that girls and gold are given for murdered mothers; they kill their mothers, above them they laugh; they burned down N.'s house, he filled bags with ash, put a gold coin, stopped in a neighboring village, said that his gold was replaced with ash, the owners found one coin, believed, gave gold; the rich they burned their houses, brought them to exchange ash for gold, they were beaten; the rich carried N. to drown in the sea; he says he hid gold behind the rock; they threw the bag, ran to look for gold; N. tells the shepherd that he sits in a bag because he does not want to become the head of the village; the shepherd changes places with him, he is drowned, N. brings the herd, says that there are many sheep at the bottom; the rich jumped into the sea and drowned; their wives tied N . to the support of the house, ran for axes; N. says he was tied because he did not want to be a kadiy; a potter passing by asks to be tied; women hacked him down; N. brought pots home]: 390-393 ; Amirov 1878 [Mullah Nasreddin offended his jamaat with something; then, in his absence, his house was turned into a latrine; when N. returned, he collected the crap, dried it, filled his bags and brought it to the city under the guise of mouse repellents; sold everything in two days; the residents of the village collected all the crap and also took them to the city; at this time, a messenger arrived from the city asking: how to use the powder; N.: catch the mouse and pour Powder in her eyes; the messenger returned and told her; at this time, the villagers brought their crap; they were beaten; when they returned, they killed N.'s mother; he brought the corpse to a wealthy house and made it look like the old woman was alive ; at lunch, N. takes two servings — for her mother, she is embarrassed to enter; they sent her daughter to call her; the corpse fell into the river; the girl was given for N.; he said that in the city he changed the corpse for a girl; fellow villagers they killed old women, brought them to the city; they were driven away with clubs; they burned N.'s house; he collected the coals in bags, putting a few silver coins on the bottom of each; went to town, stayed with a wealthy Jew in the morning began to shout that he had been robbed; the judge: if there was money, there was something left at the bottom; as it turned out, the judge ordered the bags to be filled with silver; N. said that he sold the coals; the residents burned their houses, they brought the coals, poisoned them with dogs; the residents decided to drown N.; he ran, told the shepherd that he was being chased to make him king; the shepherd agreed to change clothes; the shepherd was drowned, N. brought sheep — from the bottom; all residents drowned]: 37-41; Rutultsy [Kechal (“bald”) filled the bag with coal, poured sugar on top, came to visit, began to shout that his sugar had been stolen, he was given a bag of sugar; K. said that he exchanged coal for sugar; the villagers tried in vain to sell coal; K. says: kill me, but don't set fire to the house; it was left alive, the house was set on fire, K.'s mother died in it; K. brought the body went to a neighboring village, leaned against the wall; the owners' daughter ran to call her, the body fell, K. said that his mother was killed, received the owners' daughter for her; at home he said that girls were given for the dead; the guys killed his mothers; K. runs, says that gold is hidden in his clothes, they want to take it away from him, offers to change clothes, tells the shepherd to jump into the river; he drowned, K. brought the sheep, said that he got under the river]: Aliyeva 2012, No. 87:397; Lezgins [Zyuhutbek (“prince of the toilet”) brought the deceased mother to a neighboring village, left her as if she was standing, the owner sent his daughter for her, the support fell, Z. said that his mother was killed, got a girl, said that in a neighboring village they were changing dead mothers for girls; neighbors took their dead mothers there, they were beaten; Z. burned his house's logs for coal, went to sell them, putting a grain of gold in bags; the boys stole coal, Z. said that the bags contained gold, the khan paid him with cattle and things; Z. said that they paid dearly for each coal, and the villagers burned their at home, they began to sell coal, they were beaten; they chased Z., towards the shepherd, Z. tells him that they want to kill him (the shepherd), they change clothes; the crowd chases the shepherd, he jumps into the lake, drowns; Z. brings a herd, says that from the bottom of the lake, the villagers jumped into the lake and drowned]: Aliyeva 2012, No. 86:394-395; Megrelians [the poor priest hid several coins in horseshoes with which he was savvy the boat, sold its weight in gold to the Jews, ordered them to be locked in a wicker shed for three months; three months later there were only bones; when the Jews came to him, the priest filled the chicken goiter with blood and tied it to his wife's throat , pretended to stab her and revived her by playing chonguri; sold the chonguri to Jews; they stabbed their wives; put the priest in a basket to drown her, and left her for a while; another priest walks by; the first explains that he was put in a basket by Jews because he does not want to take money from them; the second changes places with him; Jews see the former selling bulls at the bazaar; he says he got it at the bottom; Jews threw themselves into the water and drowned]: Lominadze 1894:30-32; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988, No. 137 [the younger brother separated from his elders and became impoverished; his wife tells her to obey; walk with a donkey past the doors of three merchants, throw a gold coin every time; merchants believe that the donkey litters gold, give enough gold to cover the donkey with its head; the person tells you to lock the donkey for 7 days, open it for the eighth; merchants so and they do, the donkey is starved; a man agrees with his wife to cook in advance, and when the merchants come, he will send a hare to her with orders to cook; at home he sells another hare to merchants, who he kept at home; after that, the man pretended to be dead, the merchants began to tear up the grave, he gouged out his eye with one ramrod, they carried the “corpse” to drown; on the way they fell asleep, the man told the shepherd that his they are forced to become king; the shepherd allows himself to be tied up, thrown into the water, the man brings the herd, says that from the bottom; the merchants threw themselves into the water and drowned], 138 [Ivanika is the elder brother and wife of Tekle, Simonika — younger, his wife Tina; Tackle demands to separate the fool, S. and his wife were kicked out by giving a goat; he went to sell it, sold it to the rock; when he returned, the jackals eat up the goat; S. thinks that the rock invited guests to feast; demands money; hits the rock with a stone, a casket of gold falls out of it; Thackle sends I. to sell a cow to the rock, he throws stones at the rock to no avail; burned down I.'s house, T. died, I. carried to bury, leaned the corpse against a tree, the merchant's horses knocked her down, the frightened merchant gave a pack of gold and silver, S. says he sold the deceased; I. set fire to his house, Tackle died, he went to sell her, he was beaten; he put S. in a bag, carried him off the mountain; left the bag, chasing the hare; S. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in a pawn for not wanting to marry a merchant's daughter, the shepherd climbed in his place, thrown off off the cliff; S. brought sheep, said he was out of the abyss; I. rushed into it and died]: 270-273, 273-276; Chikovani 1986 [the man led to sell bulls, bought the pop for pennies, the man's wife is dissatisfied; the man in advance paid the doughman, invited the priest and others; after feasting, raised his hat, said, “We are the doughman,” he did not demand money; the pop bought a magic hat for an expensive price, invited guests, tried pay with a hat, disgraced; the man tied blood bubbles around his wife and children's neck; the pop came, the man stabbed his wife and children in front of his eyes; everyone accuses the priest for not stopping; the man ran the blunt side of the knife up to the necks, the dead were resurrected; the pop bought a knife, stabbed his wife and father-in-law; grabbed the man, dragged him to drown; went to get the boat, the man told the shepherd that he had bought a sheep from him, and it turned out to be a dog; the pop caught the shepherd thinking it was a man, drowned him; the man brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the pop asked him to drown]: 427-435; Wardrobe 1894, No. 3 (Guria) [the peasant caught a pheasant and he asked him let go; for this, when the peasant dies, he will gather all the birds for the funeral — this will be a motorcade; the peasant and his wife agreed that he would pretend to be dead, and she would close the doors and windows when they gathered birds; together they slaughtered many birds; the merchant who came in was surprised by the abundance of game; peasant: it is my cat who catches everything you order; the merchant bought a cat; he only steals food from the house; the merchant returned to the peasant; he pretends to wash one grain of millet, then throws it into a pot in which porridge is pre-cooked; a merchant buys a pot; a peasant caught two birds with one stone, tied them with the same ribbon; a merchant found it in the field; peasant: the cat could not be fed grilled meat, and you also did something wrong with the pot; pretends to send a hare to his wife asking him to bring them lunch; the wife is warned brings dinner and another hare, which the merchant mistook for the same thing; the merchant bought a hare; the peasant filled his gut with blood, tied it around his wife's neck; in front of the merchant, he stabbed his wife and revived her by waving a knife; merchant: I forgive you for such a miracle; the merchant bought a knife, stabbed his wife; unable to revive it, he dragged the peasant into the forest, left him tied to a tree, and went to watch the king's funeral himself; a shepherd to the tree brought the herd; the peasant shouted that he did not want to be king; the shepherd agreed to change places and clothes with the peasant; the merchant came after dark and brought the shepherd to the seashore; he shouts that he agrees to be king; the merchant decided that the peasant was crazy and threw him into the sea; in the morning a peasant with a herd met the merchant; the merchant asked him to drown him in order to also get cattle; his peasant drowned]: 153-159; Azerbaijanis: Bagriy, Zeynally 1935 [Kechal throws manure outside; neighbors ask not to do so; he took a bag of manure and went with a caravan; changed his overnight stay a bag with a neighbor's bag containing gold coins; when he returned, he said that he had sold the manure; the neighbors went to sell them, they were beaten; they put K. in a bag and left them by the river to drown; K. shouted that he was not wants to marry the princess; the shepherd replaced him, drowned him; K. brought sheep — supposedly from the bottom; some of the neighbors jumped into the water, drowned; the rest left K. alone]: 448-450; Bogoyavlensky 1892c, No. 5 [ lazy Kharkhali hired a shepherd, but did nothing; they wanted to kill him, they did not find him, they burned his house; H. asked his mother for two pieces of gold, put coals on the bottom of the bag, on top of the coals; at the crossing he deliberately scattered it; said that the girls scattered his gold; the bag was shaken out, there were two pieces of gold at the bottom, a bag of gold was returned to him; H. said he sold the coals; the residents burned houses, went to sell coals, they were beaten; the residents killed mother H.; he brought the corpse on a donkey to a wealthy house; asked the owner's daughter to call his mother; she pulled the old woman, the corpse fell, H. gave gold; the residents killed fathers and mothers, went to sell, they were beaten; H. changed clothes with the shepherd, told him that they were running to kill him; the shepherd threw himself into the sea; H. brought sheep; the inhabitants believed that they had thrown themselves into the water and drowned; two mullahs remained; H. told them to kill him , shooting from both sides; sat down, the mullahs killed each other]: 305-308; Turks: Stebleva 1986, No. 61 [Beardless told his older sister to bring him to the field to eat, for a guest would come; caught a hare; In front of the guest, he sent the hare to his sister; soon the sister came, the guest believed that it was the hare who had given the order; the Beardless sold him a hare; the man sent the hare to his sister; the sister explained that he deceived; Beardless agreed with his sister to tie a gut of blood around her neck, pretend to be angry, “slaughter” his sister, and then play the flute to make her come to life; sold the flute to the man he stabbed his sister, she did not come to life; the man put Beardless in a bag, went to drown him, went to get a baton to beat him first; Beardless explained to the shepherd that the man was forcing him to marry his daughter; a shepherd sits in a bag, slaughtered and drowned; Beardless brings the herd, says from the bottom; that man threw himself into the sea and drowned]: 259-261; Walker, Uysal 1966, No. 6 [each of the three brothers is consistently hired by köse on condition not to be angry; whoever gets angry, the other will rip off as much skin from his back as necessary for a pair of sandals; the elders returned with a bloody back; younger Keloghlan eats yogurt with a hole in the pot; kills a dog; sticks oxen through a small hole, dismembering them; killed Kose's daughter with an ox's foot; killed all sheep; cut down all the trees in the garden — you have to sleep lying down; comes to the wedding, removing the door from its hinges and dragging it on his back (he was told to look outside the door); Kose and his family decide to run away, K. hid in a bag; when he left, he drove away the attackers — dogs; killed with a stone child; put on a woman's dress at night, drowned his wife with kose (kose thought K. was drowning); tore off the skin from Kose's back; kose sent people to kill K.; K. told the shepherd that they wanted to marry his daughter padishah, they exchanged clothes; the shepherd was drowned, K. brought the herd, said that from the bottom; the kose people jump into the water; when they go under water, they make a sound reminiscent of the word krk (“forty”); kose also jumped; K. brought the herd to his father's house]: 71-77; Kurds [cowardly Alo is afraid to leave the house; the old woman advises his wife to bake cakes, arrange them in the yard — they supposedly fell from the sky; A. goes out the door, back his wife did not let him in; A. asks for bread, three eggs, a bunch of horse hair, goes to wander around the world; came to seven giants; they offer to play: who squeezes butter from under the mice (A. crushed eggs); whose mouse hair is longer (A. showed horse hair); who would crush the stone with his hand (A. took out a handful of flour); he was sent to bring water (A. brought an inflated wineskin and pretended to drink all the water right away); he was sent for firewood, he pretends to tie the forest with a rope to bring everything at once; A. hears that they are going to hack him at night, put a log under the blanket, complains about fleas in the morning; the giants decide to divide his gold, each gives a share to A., one takes it to his house; A. tells his wife to bring a pole to pay off the giant; he ran away in fear; A. tells his neighbors that he obtained gold by selling pieces cow skins; neighbors slaughtered their cows in vain; carried A. to drown; he offers to drown him with music; neighbors follow zurna and daf; A. shouts that he does not want to marry the padishah's daughter; shepherd changed places with him, drowned; A. brought the herd, says that from the bottom; all the residents drowned, the last is an old woman, to whom A. explained that gurgling is the neighbors asking which sheep to take]: Jalil and others 1989, No. 285:540-546.

Iran — Central Asia. Persians: Lorimer, Lorimer 1919, No. 29 (Kerman) [bald man's son asks him to marry; father promises to marry his uncle's daughter, sends him to sell a cow; 40 scanty-bearded men at Isfahan Bazaar queues convince the young man that his cow is a goat; the young man sells a cow for the price of a goat; this was enough to eat and buy a handkerchief for the bride; the father borrows 7 gold, brings the donkey to the beardless, unnoticed He puts gold in his mouth, he drops them; the beardless believe that the donkey produces gold, buy it for a thousand mists, having been instructed to feed him barley for 40 days; the donkey is eaten and dead; the bald man caught two foxes, left one to his wife, telling 40 people to cook dinner; with the other he meets the beardless; the fox lets go, telling his wife that guests will come - let him cook dinner; when he comes to the bald man's house, beardless people see a fox and a ready-made dinner, buy a fox for a hundred mists; send it to their wives, the fox is gone; they wait three days — he probably does not know the way, then they go to the bald one; he ties his wife under clothes sheep's stomach with blood; pretends to be angry that his wife brought an unripe melon, stabs her, she will fall as if dead, and when he puts a pipe in her mouth and the wife will stand up like nothing it did not happen; the bald man sold the pipe to the beardless; they killed their wives, they did not come to life; the beardless put the bald man in a bag, carried him to drown, left; hearing the shepherd chase the herd, the bald man begins to scream that he is not wants to marry the king's daughter; the shepherd changes places with him, is drowned; the bald man brings sheep, says he was given a herd at the bottom; the beardless jump into the water and drown, the bald man marries his son]: 180—190 ( similar but not identical text in the Ottomans 1987:464-468); Marzolph 1984, No. 1535 (Kerman, Mazendaran, Markazi) [a man stabbed a single cow in the hope that those invited to the feast would then invite him to himself, but this did not happen; he deceived a lot of money for his skin; neighbors slaughter their cows and tried in vain to sell their skins for a high price; put the deceiver in a bag to drown; he swapped places with shepherd; the shepherd was drowned, the deceiver brought his herd, said it was from the bottom; the neighbors jumped into the sea and drowned]: 221-222; the Yagnobes [bald suggests that the beardless man first kill and eat his cow, and He refuses to cut his own; the beardless man made belts out of his cow's leather, sold it profitably; the bald man stabbed his own, did not sell his belts, burned down the beardless man's house; he brings bags of ash to the bazaar; shouts that They stole money, replaced him with ash; others give him money so as not to scandal; he tells the bald man that he sold ash; the bald man burned down his house, people laugh; the beardless man swapped places with his elderly mother, the bald man killed her instead of him; the beardless one carries a supposedly living mother, his donkey eats someone else's sheaf, the owner beats him, the bald man accuses him of killing his mother, he gives gold, the beardless one says to the bald man that sold the corpse; the bald man kills his mother, wants to sell the corpse, he is tortured for a long time in prison; he ties a beardless man in a bag, goes for a stick; the beardless hears that there is a shepherd nearby, screams that he does not want to be peace wants to be a shepherd; a shepherd climbs into a bag instead of him; a bald man kills him, throws him into the pond; a beardless man drives a herd, says it's from the bottom of the pond; drowns him in a bald bag]: Andreev, Peshereva 1957, No. 30 : 150-153; Rushans [one man sent two sons to sell the bull at the bazaar; four brothers bought it for one village (very cheaply); then the man went to sell the donkey himself; said that she every morning gives birth to gold, took 40 arshins from each of the brothers; when they came to the peasant, he explained that the brothers did not make hay for the donkey; the man had two foxes, he left one in the hallway, took the other from by himself; sent him to tell his wife to cook; each of the brothers gave 40 arshins for the fox; they sent the fox to their wives, the fox ran away; the brothers came to kill the man; he tied a red one to his wife's lower back gut, pretended to be angry, hit his wife in the stomach — as if he had stabbed him; rubbed with a handkerchief — she got up healthy; the brothers again gave 40 arshins of canvases, stabbed their wives; the man went to the mill, the brothers sent for the youngest, he asked him to hold the millstone, dropped his fingers, crushed his fingers; the shepherd rushed to meet him: man: I do not want to marry the king's daughter; the shepherd exchanged clothes with the man, his brothers drowned; the man brought the herd, pointed to the reflection of the sheep in the water; the brothers jumped into the water one by one and drowned]: Sokolova 1959, No. 12:38-43; Bartangans [Badyushak (small, unsightly), he has two the older brother; they decided to burn him, tied him to a tree, went to buy firewood; he shouted that he did not want to be king; the old man asked for permission to take his place, gave his horse for it; the brothers burned him; B. came on horseback: if the fire were bigger, he would have brought horses to his brothers; the brothers burned his house; B. filled a bag of ash, met two viziers with bags of gold; replies that he has gold in his bag and silver, but if opened, they will turn into ash; the viziers ask to compare it with their gold, promise to give theirs if B.'s gold becomes ash; they had to give it back when B. threatened to complain to the king; B. told the brothers that he had exchanged ash for gold at the bazaar; the brothers burned down their houses, went to sell ash, they were ridiculed; they put B. in a bag, threw him into the river; the shepherd caught him; A. stuffed him into a bag and drowned him, and he brought his herd himself; said that he met his parents under water, that he would bring more cattle if he were abandoned where it was deeper; the brothers asked them to drown themselves, B. did it]: Sokolova 1960, No. 10:55 -59; Yazgulyam [a man has two sons from one wife, one from the other; he tells them to shoot wherever bullets hit, take his wives there; the eldest bullets hit a house where two brides, the youngest hit a stone house scree; he dug for a year, there was a door, a woman; she put on a skin, became a snake; he threw the skin into the fire; the wife was afraid of misfortune; the brothers came, fell in love with her, told the father to kill the youngest from the light; he tells you to get 1) a magic flower like; wife: three bets will come to the lake to swim, one has a flower on her dress; grab it, run without turning around, otherwise you will petrify; the husband brings a flower; 2) a mare with 40 foals; wife: jump on a mare by the same lake, foals will follow her; 3) a cauldron with 40 ears; wife: Almasti sleeps with her head on him; when her eyes are open, he sleeps, you have to grab it and run; 4) bring news from the dead; the son tells his father to climb a pile of firewood to see another world, sets fire to firewood, the father burned down; the brothers put the youngest in a bag, carried him to drown, left him on the shore; he said to the shepherd that he is forcibly married, the shepherd changed places with him, thrown to the river; the youngest comes, chasing the herd, says that from the bottom; the brothers tell them to be thrown into the river; the young man poured flour chatter on the blankets of their wives; those thought they were dirty; he said they disgraced the house, tied mares to their tails, horses tore them to shreds]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 53:430-437; the Wakhans [three brothers do not like the fourth, Pleshivets; burned his wheat; he poured ash into the bag, told the counter that there was gold in the bag; refuses to show it — in that evil eye; the counter insists, receives in return, supposedly missing gold camels and sheep with goats; tells the brothers that he exchanged them for ash; the brothers burned their wheat, they laugh at them; the brothers beat Pleshivets, and his mother was killed; he put her on a donkey, went to to the shepherd, who touched the donkey, the corpse fell, Plesivets accuses the shepherd of murder, gets all his cattle; the brothers believe that corpses are exchanged for cattle in the bazaar, they kill their mothers; they put Plesivets in a bag, carry drown, left on the way; Plesivec screams that he does not want to be amir; the old man sits in a bag instead of him, he is drowned, Plesivec brought his herd, said that from the bottom; brothers jump into the river and drown]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 54:437-439 (=Pakhalina 1975, No. 4:150-152); Ishkashim [king's wife Hawksor, Devzor, Parisor; he expelled H. and P.; H. gave birth, offered to eat her child, but P. refused; H. ate him herself; then gave birth to P., raised a son; he began to beat animals with a bow; once he saw a bald man in a bag, he screams that he did not want to be king; the boy changed with him, he was thrown into the river ; the bald man brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the Pleshivets brothers rushed into the river and drowned; the bald man killed their mother, put them on a donkey, led him to a pile of grain; the owner hit him with a stick, the bald man accused him of killed his mother, his mother took it; burned straw, put it in a bag, said that there was gold, and if opened, it would turn into ash; the man untied it, gave 5 bags of gold; the neighbors burned the haystacks, went to sell ash; when they returned, they killed Pleshivets]: Pakhalina 1959, No. 7:133-135; Munjans [Pleshak poured ash into a bag, put several gold coins on the bottom; tells the mason that he is folding incorrectly the wall; he invites him to try; Pleshak tells the mason to serve the stones, but not let the winds go, otherwise the money in his bag will turn into ash; this happened, Pleshak says that only the bottom of the bag does not smell got there, the mason had to borrow money, give it to Pleshak; people believe that Pleshak set fire to the forest and sold ash at the bazaar; the same story with the blacksmith (he filled the bag with coals and at the bottom of the coin); people believe that Pleshak burned down his house; then they chase him, he tells the shepherd that they want to elect him king, he agrees to change clothes, the shepherd is drowned, and Pleshak brought the herd, said that from the bottom; all the men rushed into water and drowned, their wives demand that Pleshak feed them; he is ready if women don't get their pants dirty at night; he cooked shushi (a thick, sweet brown mass of apricot kernels), smeared women's butts, in They ran away in horror; Pleshak tells his grandmother to marry him the royal daughter; the vizier advises to ask Pleshak to bring news from the Sun; he goes to the desert, sleeps under a rock; Khojai-Khizr tells me to close his eyes, carries it by air to the plain; there is the lake where the Sun sets, they pull it out with a chain in the morning, you have to fill your pockets with stones, these are yakhonts; Pleshak (he is now beautiful) gets a princess]: Grunberg, Steblin- Kamensky 1976, No. 53:430-437; Sarykoltsy [three brothers make saddles, the older two burn the youngest's goods; he collects the coals in a bag, tells the gold taker that if the bag is untied, gold will turn into coals; he unties it, gives his gold; the brothers burn their saddles, try in vain to sell the coals; they kill the youngest bull; he smears the faces of camels with blood, the owner does not recognize the camels, the younger brother takes them; the brothers try to exchange the blood of the bulls for camels; they kill the youngest's mother; he puts the corpse on a donkey, leads him to threshing a man, he drives the father, the corpse falls, the man believes that he is guilty of murder, gives his daughter; brothers put the youngest in a bag, he shouts that he does not want to be a beck; Pleshivets believes, changes with his younger brother; brothers drown the pleshivets; the younger brother says that brought a herd from the bottom of the river; older brothers jump into the water, drown]: Pakhalina 1966:234-236; Tajiks [the older brother killed the youngest's mother; he put the deceased on a donkey, left the donkey on the edge of the field; the owner the fields hit the donkey with a stick, the old woman fell, the owner gave the young man a daughter instead of the murdered mother; he told the eldest that the dead old women were being changed to young girls; the eldest strangled the mother, beat him; put the youngest in the bag, drove him to drown, left; he screams that he does not want to marry; the shepherd changed with him, drowned, and the younger brother took the sheep; the older brother, sisters and wife jumped into the water and drowned (the women decided that he calls them when he waved his hand over the water)]: Osmanov 1989:459-461; mountain Tajiks: Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 46 [Orifak pretended to be a day laborer, asked for a job; the owner promised him a quarter crops; O. hid the oxen, cut off the tails and ears of others, stuck them into the ground; they began to dig, they did not find the oxen, the owner drove O. away; he took away the hidden oxen; he hid it again, meeting two shepherds and a girl; jumped into the water, showed a bunch of wool, said that there were fat sheep at the bottom, asked for help pull them out; the shepherds drowned, O. took the girl and the herd; stood under the rock, asked the drovers to hold them instead, and then the rock would fall on the road; O. stole their donkeys from their luggage, brought all their mothers, married a girl], 47 [Plesivets collected more wheat than the brothers, they burned it in a bag; he collected ash in a bag, said to the traveler that gold is lucky, but if a man with an evil eye sees it, it will turn into ash; the traveler untied it, Plesivets said that he would lead him to the Shah, who in fear gave his horse and property; told the brothers that The city exchanges ash for horses; the brothers burned their wheat, they were beaten in the city; the brothers killed Pleshivets's mother; he dressed her as a bride, put her on a donkey, left the donkey on the threshing floor; the owner threw the threshing floor at the donkey a stick, the corpse fell, Pleshivey accused him of killing his mother, threatened to lead him to Kazia, who gave his daughter in return; told his brothers that in the city the dead were exchanged for girls; the brothers killed their mother, above them laughed; the brothers dragged Plesivets in a bag to drown; they walked away; the shepherd believed that Plesivets was sitting in a bag because they wanted to marry him to the Shah's daughter; he changed his place with him; he was drowned, Plesivets brought him the herd, said that from the bottom of the river; the brothers rushed into the river, drowned]: 148-150, 150-153; Uzbeks [40 bald people in one village, one clever, Yuz Muhammad, asks that he not be bald (Kal) they called him, slaughtered a cow for it, they continue to call him Kal; he makes overshoes out of his skin, sells one farmer, who sends him to his wife to pay for grain, Yum notices in the house lover; at night he slowly takes him away, for which he receives a purse of gold from the hostess, says to 39 bald men that he received money for his overshoes; they slaughter their cows, they laugh at them, they burn Yum's house; he lucky to sell ash, says that these are valuables, if a woman sits on the bag, they will turn into ash; bai's wife sits down, he gives a bag of silver; 39 bald people try to sell ash; they hit almost to death YUM's mother; he takes her to bay, bai pushes the donkey, the old woman falls, dies, buye gives 10 bags of wheat; 39 bald ones beat their mothers in vain; Yum runs away, tells the shepherd that he does not want to be a casino, changes clothes with him; 30 bald ones drown the shepherd; Yum brings sheep, says that from the underwater kingdom; 39 bald sheep reflect sheep for a herd in water, drown]: Afzalov et al. 1972 (2): 332-340; Pashtuns [the old man's ox went into a foreign field; the owner of the field cut his tongue, the ox died; the old man sent his son to sell his skin; night fell and the young man climbed the tree with his skin; below the robbers swore: let the thunder hit the one who hid some of the loot from others; the young men dropped their skin, it crashed down; the robbers who hid everything took it for God's punishment and ran away, young man took possession of the loot; said that he had helped sell their skins; people slaughtered cattle, went to sell their skins, they were ridiculed; the young man was tied to a pole by the river with the intention of drowning; a highlander walks by, the young man screams, that he did not want to marry the king's daughter; the highlander changed places with him, was drowned; the young man appeared in the village, said that he brought three sheep at the bottom of the river, would go again after breakfast; the residents jumped into the river and drowned]: Thorburn 1876:184-185.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians [six Toothless saw and killed the Cross-eyed bull; K. took off his skin, came with his wife to the fair and taught her what to do; “When a woman is inside, the bull sings and dances, when the woman is outside, she is silent! ” The bull is dancing, the merchant bought it, the wife got out of her skin; K. told the Toothless that he sold the skin for a thousand gold; they slaughtered their bulls, went to sell their skins for a thousand gold, they were driven away; they put K. in the bag, carried to drown, left it for a while; K. asked the shepherd to untie the bag, put a stump there, B. threw the bag into the water; K. herds that shepherd's sheep, says he received them at the bottom; B. jumped into the water, barely escaped, left K. alone]: Grishina 1993:43-47; Latvians [Machatyn cooked porridge in the cauldron, removed the cauldron from the fire, it is still boiling, the master believes that the boiler cooks himself, buys it; M. tied it to himself the back of the calf's intestines was filled with blood; the master ordered him to be beaten with a baton, blood splashed, the master believes that he killed M.; tells him to throw the corpse into the ice-hole; while they were going to get the ax, M. got out of the bag, put stones in it, a bag drowned; M. throws bumps at his master's dogs; says that there is a lot of money at the bottom; the master jumped into the ice-hole and drowned]: Alksnite et al. 1958:463-464; Karelians (Kalevalsky district) [Khoma told his wife bake pies, hid it along the road in the snow; gentlemen are coming, H. pokes his peak in the snow, pulls out pies; says that the peak is magical, sells at a high price; tells his wife to say that he is dead; goes to bed with three hot ramrods; the gentlemen decided to pump the dead offender in the mouth, he plunged the ramrod into their ass; the gentlemen put H. in a bag, took them to drown; there is no ice-hole in the river, they went on foot; H. shouts that not wants to be a judge; the judge goes, agrees to get into the bag instead of X.; drowned; H. comes on his horses, says he got them at the bottom; puts a hundred rubles down the horse's tail, hits the horse, he drops hundred rubles; gentlemen tell them to be sent under the ice; H. also took their horses]: Onegin 2010, No. 60:495-497; Western Sami (Lyngen, coast of northern Norway) [mother died, Matthias put the body on sledges, went to the city, came to a wealthy merchant, who poured him vodka; M. said that an old mother was waiting for him outside, could she also pour it; the merchant offered the old woman a cup of vodka, she was silent, he hit her , M. accused the merchant of murder, who paid the money; after burying his mother, he came home, cooked porridge, put the pot on Keule {log?} ; the king saw, bought Keule for a lot of money; his wife began to cook porridge — she did not cook; the king came to M., his sister said he was sleeping, went to wake him up; M. stabbed the goat in advance, tied his sister under his apron stomach with blood; entering the room, pretended to be angry with his sister, stabbed him in the stomach, splashed blood; M. took a wand with a hole and began to blow his sister's ears until she “came to life”; king bought a wand, he and his wife killed the child, he did not come to life; the king put M. in a barrel; it was left for three days to be thrown into the ice-hole; M. screams that he was in paradise; the cattle merchant wanted to take his place {and drowned in an ice-hole}; M. brought the herd, told the king that it was from the bottom; the king also wanted to get the herd, sat in a barrel for three days, drowned; M. became king and celebrated a lavish wedding; I was stuffed into a barrel and shot so as not to lie again]: Lagercrantz 1958, No. 373:119-123; Norwegians [brothers Big Peter (BP) and Little Peter (MP); BP married richly, MP left, spent money, came back with a calf; that wandered into the BP field, he killed him; MP smoked his skin, went to sell; wanted to stay with the woman, she refused; MP saw that she had a local pastor; her husband came, she hid the pastor in a chest, ale and brandy outside the door leading to the cellar, cupard (egg and milk cream) under the fireplace grill; MP asked to let in, the owner allowed it, MP pretends to talk to the calf's skin and she told me where in the house food and drink; the owner is surprised and happy; asks to sell the skin; MP sells for a chest; carries it to the river, thinks aloud that the chest should be thrown into the water; the pastor asks him to be released for money and a gold watch; MP comes back, says BP, that he sold his skin at a high price; he kills all the cattle, goes to sell their skins for fabulous money, they laugh at him; he wants to kill MP; he swaps beds with his mother; BP cuts off the mother's head; pays the MP for silence; the MP takes the mother's corpse to the bazaar as if she were selling apples; the man asks for the price; without receiving an answer, he hits the woman, her head falls off; he pays the MP ransom ; The MP tells his brother that dead old women are now in value; he kills his foster mother, carries to sell, hardly escapes prison; puts the MP in a bag, carries him to drown; leaves; the MP shouts that he is on his way to heaven; changes with the shepherd, he wants to go to heaven; BP drowns the shepherd, MP brings the herd home, says he got it at the bottom; BP tells his wife to throw him into the river in a bag; she waits for a long time, goes to help him chase the sheep ; MP gets all the property]: Dasent 1970:336-345 (=Suritz 1991:236-240); Swedes [the peasant's only cow died, he went to sell his skin, found a pot of gold; borrowed from the village the elders meru, a coin stuck to her; the poor man explained that he received the money by selling the skin; the rich village (Dofväter) slaughtered their cows in vain; when they came to the peasant, they see that his wife was in blood; he played the pipe, his wife “came to life”; they bought a pipe, killed their wives; the peasant put coins under the horse's tail, the rich bought a horse believing that it was littering gold; put the peasant in a barrel, brought drown, left for a while; he swapped places with the shepherd; the shepherd was drowned in the sea, the peasant brought the herd, said it was from the bottom]: Liungman 1961, No. 1535:304-305.

Volga — Perm. Komi-Zyryans [Ivan has one cow, his brother Vasily has twenty; I.'s cow was picked up by a bear; V. did not share; I. went to sell cow skin, stopped at the priest, said that it was in his bag” omniscient”; he spies himself, explains that the “omniscient” said where the priest's fast wine was prepared in fasting, that the deacon's lover was in the chest; the pop asks to give the bag, the chest with the deacon throw him into the ice-hole; I. lets the deacon go for 500 rubles, asks V. to weigh the money at home; V. slaughtered the cows, asks for 20 pounds of money for their skins, laughs at him; V. goes to slaughter I. at night, he puts mother to her place; I. takes the murdered mother, puts him to drink in a tavern, does not drink the corpse, the cabatchik hits him with a bottle, I. accuses him of murder, receives 300 rubles; says V. that he sold the corpse; V. kills his wife, offers for sale, he is put in prison; when he leaves, V. carries I. in a bag to drown, leaves him at the ice-hole, goes to church; I. tells the passing butcher that he is put in a bag, because he does not want to be urban head; the butcher climbs into his place; the drowned butcher I. brings home 12 cows, says V., who brought them from the dead; the pop asks him to send him to the next world for cows, I. puts him in a bag for 200 rubles; drowns both]: Doronin 2004:214-219; Udmurts: Kralina 1960, No. 83 [rich Zio asks Aldar Ivan to deceive him; he says that he left his purse with deceptions at home; tells Z. to prop up instead so that the birch tree does not fall, he leaves himself on his goat; stabbed the goat, threw his skin into the lake; Z. undressed, climbed into the water for his skin; AI took his boots, threw one on the road first, then the other; Z. did not He takes a boot, but when he sees the second one, he returns for the first one; the second one disappears; AI teaches his wife to say that he is cutting wood in the forest, and if necessary, to send a hare for him; Z. buys a hare, tells his wife to send a hare after him a hare, the hare ran away and disappeared; AI shoved the coins under the horse's tail; Z. buys it; AI put a bubble of blood under his wife's clothes in advance, and in the presence of Z. stabbed her to make her work; blood gushed, AI whips his wife, the wife jumped up alive; Z. buys a whip; kills his wife; carries AI in a bag to drown; while he went to look for a pole to push the bag away into the water, AI got out, put stones into the bag ; AI left, returned three years later with the herd, said that three cows were being given by the needle at the bottom; Z. asked to throw him in a bag into the water, drowned], 92 [two sons from the eldest wife, the bald Taz from the youngest; his father's death, the older brothers expelled T. and his mother, gave him a hut and a skinny horse; T. cut more firewood than his brothers, they burned his firewood; T. collected the coals in a bag, stays with the rich man, says that the bag is gold, but if you open it, the gold will turn into coals; the rich man replaces the bag of imaginary gold with a bag of silver, T. brings it home; the brothers burned firewood, went to exchange coal for silver, theirs they beat; they killed T.'s mother; he dressed up the corpse, came to the rich man, leaves the corpse in the yard; the rich man sends three daughters to invite the guest's mother; they say she is frozen to death, the rich man promises T. a daughter, promises to bury his mother; T. chooses an average wife; tells the brothers that he exchanged the deceased for his wife; brothers kill mothers, take them to change, beat them; they put T. in a barrel, pushed them into the water; nulesmurt ( goblin) pulled out the barrel; T. says that he is a wumurt (water), accuses him of breaking his tower, threatens not to give him more water, tells him to get a new barrel from the bottom, puts it in the old one, lowers it into whirlpool, steals a herd of Nylesmurt; brothers go down the ice-hole and drown; T. lives well]: 236-245, 267-272; Chuvash (Simbirsk Gubernia, 1907) [the rich man hit the poor man's horse, it died; the poor man took off his skin, put it in a bag, went to the same house for the night; before that, he saw through the window how the hostess treated his lover; the husband came, the hostess hid the food in the stove, the lover into the chest; the poor man pushed his bag, he creaked; said that there was a sorcerer in the bag; he pointed to the food in the oven, to the hell in the chest; the owner bought a “sorcerer”, and the poor man also took the chest so that the hell wouldn't interfered with the owners; by the river he pretended to drown the chest; the man in the chest paid off; the poor man returned, told the rich man that he sold the horse's skin for 4 scoops of money; took the scales from the rich man, returned it, sticking a coin; the rich man stabbed his horses, went to sell their skins, he was mistaken for a madman; the poor man's grandmother died, he put her in his place, at night the rich man came and hit her with an ax, thinking that it was his offender; the poor man dressed his mother as alive, brought her home, asked for water, the owner's daughter pushed her grandmother, the poor man accused her of murder, received 3 buckets of money; asked the rich man again for the scales, returned it with a coin; the rich man killed his grandmother, went to sell, people almost grabbed him; the rich man carried the poor man in a bag to drown, went to church; the poor man hears the shepherd complaining about life, invites him to get into the bag, steals him the herd, the rich man drowned the shepherd; when he learns that the poor man brought the herd from the bottom, the rich man asks him to drown, the poor man became rich]: Chuvash tales 1937:46-52; Mordovians [pop and deacon do not believe that the deceiver Mikit will be able to cheat them; came to him when he was plowing; M. says he left the bag of tricks at home; his wife won't let you, I must go myself; he was given a sleigh, they drove it to the popadya and said that pop ordered him to give him two hundred rubles in silver; as proof, a Popov cart with two horses given to him; the deacon's wife had the same; the pop and the deacon plowed all day; when they returned to the popadye, they found out about deception; decided to take M.'s daughter and pass her off as a farmhand; and M. overheard; dressed up as a girl; the pop and the deacon took the imaginary girl, ordered her to be locked in a barn for the night, or else he would run away; the “girl” tells her to let her go in need; the farmhand tied a rope to her and she tied her to the goat; the farmhand began to beat the goat that the bride had become; the pop explained that it was the neighbor's goat, and the bride ran away; in the morning, the pop and the deacon came kill M.; he tied his wife a bubble of sheep blood; the wife pretended to be in no hurry to bake pancakes; M. stabbed her with a knife; after that, his wife hurried with pancakes; at home, the pop stabbed her and killed her; the same with the deacon; M. lay down in the grave, told his wife to cover it up and prepared a red-hot rod; when he learned that M. was dead, the pop and the deacon came to spoil the grave; M. put a rod in their ass; the next day, pop with they put M. in a bag as a deacon, carried him to drown; left him by the lake and went to warm up; M. shouts that he did not want to be king — he is illiterate; the merchant got into the bag instead of him, and M. sat in his top three; the merchant was drowned ; M. came on a troika: got it at the bottom; the pop and deacon asked him and the deacon to put them in bags and throw them into the lake; drowned]: Paasonen 1941:308-316; Mordovians (Erzya) [kolesnik was going to sell the wheels, envious brothers burned them; he took ash, told the merchants that he was carrying clothes to the king; if you look at it, they would become ash; the merchants looked and paid money; the kolesnik said that he had sold ash; the brothers burned their at home, they took the ash, they were beaten; the mother of the kolesnik was killed; he carried the corpse, said that he was taking the girl to marry the king; the people they met looked; the kolesnik: you jinxed it; they paid money; the brothers killed their wives, took them sell, they were beaten; they put the chariot in the kul, carried it to drown, went away to drink vodka; the kolesnik tells the shepherd that the person sitting in the kula sees the king; he climbed, drowned, the kolesnik brought the herd, says that from the bottom; brothers ask them to drown; drowned]: Yurtov 1883, No. 26:249-271 (=Evseviev 1964, No. 50:340-343); Marie [three brothers, the youngest bald, the elders do not want to take him to the forest to cut wood; he goes by himself, chopped twice as many of them; they burned his firewood; he put the coals in a bag, came to the wedding, said he was carrying royal gold; he was invited to spend the night; he said that if anyone looked into the bag, gold will turn into coal; people looked in, the bald man shouts that now the king will punish everyone, they fill his bag with gold; at home, a bald man tells his brothers that coals in the village are bought for gold; the brothers burned their firewood, they brought coal to the village, they were beaten; they killed the bald man's wife; he dressed up the corpse, brought it to the village, said that he was carrying the bride to the king; if anyone looked into the wagon, the bride would die; someone looked in; the bald man was offered the girls chose, he took the most beautiful one; told the brothers that in the village they were changing the dead for the living; the brothers killed their wives, began to change them, beat them; the brothers locked the bald man in a birch bark box, carried him to drown in wormwood; left on the ice, went for an ax; pop rides on a sleigh; bald says he's warm; pop says he's frozen, climbs into the box instead of him, drowned; bald comes back with sledges and horses, says he got it in the river, you have to shout “I'm a pop”; the brothers jumped into the ice-hole, shouting, “I'm a pop”, drowned]: Beke 1938, No. 54:534-538; Bashkirs: Bessonov 1941, No. 53 [two sons from his eldest wife, from the youngest is one bald; the older brothers drove the bald man away; he carries firewood on their mare at night; bald: my bast sleigh carries themselves; the brothers gave them a mare and a lot of barley; the sleigh is out of place; brothers they put the bald man in a bag, carried him to drown; went to cut down the pole; the merchant drives 40 cows and carries goods; bald I will marry the daughter of an underwater khan; the merchant swapped places with him; the merchant was drowned, everything was bald took it for himself; the brothers told them to be drowned, the bald man became rich], 55 [when he dies, the old man tells his two eldest sons to take two horses, and the bald son a chest and a whip; the bald man carries firewood on his brothers' horses at night ; says that he puts firewood in the chest and whips, the chest goes; the brothers exchanged horses for a chest and a whip; the bald man loaded the cart with earth, told the merchant that he was carrying gold; he offered to exchange carts; told the brothers that the land was worth, he became rich; the brothers took the land, met that merchant, who beat them, thinking it was one gang; the bald man tied a bubble of goat blood under his wife's arm; they came brothers, bald tells me to cook, the wife does not move, he stabbed her with a knife, then hit her with a whip — she came to life; the brothers bought a whip, killed their wives; put the bald man in the kul, carried her to drown; left until tomorrow; the bald man shouts to the merchant that he does not want to be king, he changed places with him; the merchant was drowned, the bald man returned with the goods; the brothers ordered them to be drowned]: 271-272, 275-277; Barag 1990, No. 153 [from his older brother Zakira has three horses, the youngest Shahir has one; Z. took Sh.'s horse and drove him to death; S. went to sell horse meat, stopped in the same house on the way; saw that his wife had hidden her muezzin lover in the chest; To drive out Satan, opened the chest, received gold from her husband; said that he sold his horse skin at a high price; Z. killed his horses, received nothing; at night he came to kill S., accidentally killed his mother; S. dressed up the corpse, came to the same house, his daughters took the old woman to drink, S. accused them of murder, received gold; Z. believes that S. sold the deceased, killed his mother, went to sell him, beat him; Z. carried S. in a bag to drown; left for a stone; S. tells the shepherd that all the sea fish can be seen in the bag, he swapped places; Z. drowned the shepherd, S. brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; Z. ordered to drown himself]: 356-359.

Turkestan. Kazakhs [the youngest's 9 older brothers were nicknamed Piskun; after his father's death, he got only a lame bull; the bull was stung by a snake; P. pretended to stab him himself, because the skin is more expensive; in one house exchanged the skin for grain; when he heard a lover who came to negotiate with the hostess to kill her husband, he deliberately scattered wheat and collected it before the owner arrived; the wife hid her lover in a stupa; P. says the owner, who has a snake in his mortar, needs to cook jelly; P. poured the hot jelly into his stupa, which swayed, the owner generously rewarded him, and the hostess gave him even more for burying his lover; the brothers stabbed him bulls, they went to sell their skins, burned P.'s hut out of revenge; he brought a bag of ash to the khan's wives, said that it contained gold, but it would turn into ash if someone wanted the khan to die; in the bag of ash, his wife filled the piskun bag with gold so that he would not give them away; the brothers burned their kibitki, went to sell ash, mistook them for madmen; they put P. in a bag, carried them to drown; the khan died, the brothers ran there, P. told bay that they wanted to make him the new khan, they changed, his brothers drowned him; P. promised the shepherd to cure him of his sores, told him to sit for a day with a goat's skin over his head, stole his herd; said brothers that his late father gave them to him at the bottom; the brothers saw the reflection of sheep in the water, jumped into the water, drowned]: Sidelnikov 1958:369-377 (=Daurenbekov 1979:324-329, =Kanbak-Shal 1985:9-14); Karakalpaks (Takhtakupir District) [Lonely Shinkildek took out nine carts, Nine Donkuldaks decided to beat him; OSH put DD's wife in his place; DD beat her; OSH burned nine arbs, and loaded coal on donkey; reached the channel on the opposite side of which an old woman was sitting; she asked her to transport; OSH said he would move her, but he had two bags of money — if she sat on them, they will turn into coal; the old woman swore she would not sit down; when they moved to the other side, OSH accused the old woman of sitting on her bags and ended up with two bags of money; DD saw him, burned their arbs, we went with coal to the bazaar, but could not sell it; DD put OSH in a bag, tied the hole in the bag, brought it to the river bank, and went to drink tea themselves; a man who drove 1,500 approached OSH sheep; asked what Osh was doing here; OSH: “I should be made khan, but I don't want to”; the man said he wanted to be khan and ordered him to be put in a bag; DD came back, threw him into the water; two days later, OSH came to DD, chasing 1,500 sheep; reproached them that they did not even put a twig in his bag, and said that he had brought the sheep with his own hands; DD wanted to get the cattle, told them to put them in bags; OSH threw them into the water]: Baskakov 1951:45-46; the Kyrgyz [in winter, the dekhkan lost to Khan in Toguz-kumalak (playing with balls on the board), who demanded grapes; Kalak, the son of a farmer, said to the khan's son that his father was bitten by a snake; — There are no snakes in winter. — And grapes either; the khan praised the boy, forgave the loss, but decided to get rid of K.; took him to the city, told him to walk; K. told the cook that Khan likes to eat beshbarmak with a spoon, but the spoon should be heated; Khan took a spoon and shouted “Kaalak!” (cry of fear); K.: I'm here; Khan tells K. not to let go of bridles, otherwise thieves will steal horses; K. sold horses, went to bed with bridles in his hands; Khan wrote a letter on K.'s back to his son with ordering to kill the messenger; on the way, K. made something like a skullcap out of honey and millet, put it on his head; pretended that his hat was edible and the food did not run out; sold it to the dice players for one of them, erased what the khan had written from his back and ordered him to marry the khan's daughter and give the half khanate, because the khan allegedly lost everything to Kalak; the khan ordered K. to be put in a bag, drowned; wife warned; K. made a scarecrow, which they drowned; told his wife to cry as if for a dead person; he bought sheep himself, said that he had brought them from the bottom; there was paradise, he met his father and grandfather, rams were a gift to Khan from them; there is only a cauldron and bricks for the hearth; the khan's son jumped into the river with a cauldron tied to his back, followed by a khan, both drowned]: Brudny, Eshmambetov 1977:175-179; Kyrgyz [Aldar has no cattle; he tells his wife to ask her father to cut the calf out of the tree; give it to the shepherd to graze; when the shepherd drove the herd home, the wooden calf remained; when he returned with A., the calf disappeared; the judge ordered compensation for the loss; A. and his wife got a cow, slaughtered them, sold meat, built a house; said they sold leather for 500 rubles; everyone slaughtered their cows, but the Ail foreman sold the skin for 5 rubles , and others are even cheaper; Aldar was put in a chest and thrown into the river; he shouts that he does not want to be a judge; the foreman's son swapped seats with him; A. took his sheep, said that there was a pasture under water; queues told them to drown them in chests; A. healed well]: Sulaimanov 1998:23-30; Karakalpaks [after the death of their father, 9 sons from one wife gave their son from another (his name Piskun) only one bull, persuaded him to slaughter him, did not share the harvest; P. and his fellow traveler spent the night in the village, quietly poured hot oil into his fellow traveler's mouth, accused the owners of murder, received money, bought four bulls, said brothers who exchanged them for oxskin; the brothers stabbed their bulls, ridiculed them; they killed P.'s mother; he carried the corpse on a donkey, drained them, the worker hit the donkey, the old woman fell, P. accused the workers of murder, received a ransom, told the brothers that he sold the deceased; they killed their mother, beat them; they carried P. in a bag to drown, went to visit; P. tells the shepherd that they want to drown him because he refuses to become king; the shepherd changed places with him, the shepherd was drowned, P. brought the herd, said that from the bottom; at their own request, P. drowned his brothers]: Volkov, Mayorov 1959:75-80; Dungans [seven Seven calves grazed bald; he decided to kill the eighth, take his calf; he killed his own, brought meat to the bazaar, said he had killed his mother; they stabbed their mothers, took them into custody, they ran away; the eighth changed bed with his mother at night, seven killed his mother; he dressed up the deceased, took her on a camel, the girls ran to ask where the bald man got his wife, the camel dropped her, the bald man demanded compensation , the emperor gave the girl a choice; seven saw the eighth and his wife, called me to the forest, tied me to a tree to burn; bald to a one-legged shepherd: they tied me and now my leg grew; the shepherd changed with him, burned, the remains thrown into the water; the bald man brought sheep, said it was from the bottom; seven threw themselves into the water and drowned]: Riftin et al. 1966, No. 58:254-255.

Southern Siberia — Mongolia. Altaians [Argachi replies to his younger brother Mekechi that he will live with his mind; M. says he will live by cunning; brothers disperse; M. sees how the Kormes take the soul of a sick girl away; goes with them, pretending that he is dead; offers to bear his soul; asks what Kurmes are afraid of (yellow thorn, horse lash, knife with a yellow handle); M.: kurutov (pies) on a bundle, butter in a wineskin, fat mares, a sacred roe deer fat tail; jumps into the thickets of thorns; Kormes throw fat into him, etc., after 7 days they leave, M. returns with the girl's soul, marries the healed; promises to cure her son bai Dieti -Kezer; does not fumigate with juniper, but burns him alive, takes his horse and property; comes to A., says that he got everything at the bottom of the lake, where their dead parents live; A. tied a stone around his neck, jumped into the lake; the mother of the Palace of Culture is a shaman Diebelek, camlates, M. screams, makes a stir, quietly drowns D. in a vessel of sour milk; hires to take the body home; drives up to her camp, the children run to meet grandmother, M. knocks her off her horse as if she fell on her own and crashed; as a reward for taking the old woman, she receives wealth]: Sadalova 2002, No. 38:365-377; Kumandins [two brothers sow bread, the third a fool is sent to herd sheep; sheep run away, he gouges out their eyes; next time they don't want to cross the river; they are probably afraid to soak their shoes, he took them off — cut off their legs; he is sent to the city to buy on the way back, cups, spoons, pots, salt, table; on the way back he sees burnt stumps - the brothers are freezing without a hat, put pots on the stumps; kites scream - puts oats into their cup; at the table there are 4 legs - let him go by himself; the horse does not drink water in the river — he does not want without salt, the fool pours salt into the river; the horse still does not drink, he kills him; the brothers put the fool in a bag, carried him to drown, left him while they are looking for an ice-hole; the patient is riding the son of the priest, the fool says he is in a bag to recover; the priest's son gets into the bag, the fool leaves on his horse; tells the brothers he caught at the bottom; the brothers ask them to drown, the fool is rich]: Baskakov 1972:185-188; Shors: Chudoyakov 2002:99-103 [while Argachi was hunting, the robber and Kuyurchi's forces burned down his hut; A. brought Karatta Kaanu's bags of coals, said they were gold and silver, but if opened, everything will turn into ash and coals; Khan tells his daughters to open, A. is indignant, the khan fills his bags with gold and silver; K. burned down his hut, came to the khan, he ordered it to be carved; K. killed the bull A. ; A. asked Khan to let his bull go to his bulls; when bull A. was found dead in the morning, A. said that Khan's bulls were hurting him; Khan gave him a better bull; A. told K. that Khan was changing dead bulls on the living; K. stabbed the bull, brought it to the khan, who again ordered him to be carved; K. decided to burn A. at the crossroads of seven roads; went for firewood; A. tells the crooked son of the khan, who was passing by, that he also had the same eye leaked out, but if he stands tied, his eye will recover; Khan's son untied A., A. tied him; K. burned Khan's son, and A. took his expensive horse and clothes; says K. that he saw his own in the next world father and he gave him everything; Father K. also prepared a gift for his son; K. ordered himself to be burned; shouted, and then burned down], 104-107 [Argynak is poor, not even a dog; made a snare, took an ax, went hunting; became hit the ground with an ax; answers the bear that he heals the earth; he asks him to heal; A. killed him; a fox was in one of the snakes; at home he tied it near the house; brothers-in-law came; A. says that bears gets it with a cogigezhim; sells a fox to his brothers-in-law for a lot of money; his brothers-in-law sent the fox to pick up the bears, she disappeared into the forest; at home A. tied a bear's gut with blood to his wife's neck, taught him what to do; when they came brothers-in-law, began to accuse his wife that she was still sleeping, stabbed him, and then “resurrected” them; sold a knife, his brothers-in-law stabbed his wives; put A. in a bag to burn; he says to a one-eyed merchant passing by that heals his eye in a bag; the merchant exchanged places with A., is burned, A. rides his horse to his brothers-in-law; says that he met their wives, they drink vodka and call them, they must jump from the top of the tree across the lake; brothers-in-law drowned]; Khakas: Katanov 1907 [the worker plowed with the priest; told him to rest, put on his clothes, came to his wife: allegedly her husband ordered him to give him all the money, left, began to live with his wife in the forest; a priest asked two thieves to find a worker; a worker tells thieves that a tied gray object (i.e. a wolf) is a tool for shearing sheep; thieves leave the worker alone, take the wolf, by morning He strangled all the sheep; the thieves went to the worker; he tied a bag of blood to his wife, pretended to stab his wife, and then resurrected her with the blow of a whip; the thieves took a whip, killed their wives, but could not resurrect her; they put the worker in a bag, carried him to drown in the sea, left; the worker tells the old man that he heals his eyes in the bag; the old man sat in a bag, the worker took his clothes and horse; the old man was drowned (he was the priest ), the worker came and said that there were a lot of clothes and horses at the bottom; thieves jumped into the sea and drowned]: 247-252; Torokova, Sychenko 2014, No. 41 []: 567-571; Tuvans (Khemchik): Samdan 1994, No. 12 [=Taube 1978, No. 61 : 290-294; lonely Tas (bald, OT) with one camel and seven Thas brothers with seven camels sow bread; OT has a much larger harvest, brothers kill his camel; OT brings the bone marrow of camel Karata- Khan, says he does not know who killed his camel; K. gives him two camels, after which the harvest in the field is even greater; OT advises the brothers to kill camels, bring bone marrow to K., who will give 14 camels; they do so, K. drove them away; the brothers want to kill OT, he tells him to throw him in a bag into the river; he is caught by a one-eyed old man; OT says he was also half-blind, now he is cured; the old man tells him to quit and him in a sack into the river; OT takes his property, comes to his brothers on horseback, says that there is a lot of everything in the country where he was brought; the brothers tell them to throw them into the river; the storm took K., OT married his youngest daughters, he took possession of everything]: 333-341; Hadahane 1984 [rich Kuchulug asks poor Argalyg to deceive him; he says he forgot the trick at home, asks the horse to return; K. comes; A.: so I deceived, I'm finishing eating horse; K. burned A.'s yurt; he collected ash in a bag, says to the khan's daughters: if the bag is opened by a beautiful yurt, if a beautiful woman opens the bag, the yurt will turn into ash; everyone wants to open, glad, asked his father to put A. a new yurt ; he says to K. that he sold the ash to Karata Khan: she heals cattle; K. burned his yurt, the khan ordered him to be beaten; K. put A. in a bag, which tells him to burn it at the crossroads at the juniper fire; K. went to collect juniper; A. tells a passing one-eyed khan that sitting in a bag will bring down an eye from the sky; Khan climbs into a bag, gives his clothes to A.; K. burns Khan; A. appears, says that the devils were given his clothes and a horse; K. asks him to burn, A. lives well]: 28-32; South Altai Tuvans [Mergeldey pretends that the crow obeys his order to protect his mother; Haraldai Khaan buys a crow for 50 silver langs, she flies away; M. puts the cauldron on a stump to make tea; H. believes that the cauldron cooks without fire, buys; M. hangs a gut with blood around his neck, stabs himself with a knife, then “comes to life”; H. buys a knife, stabbed him three servants to death; H. orders M. to be drowned; the servants leave the bag on the ice, go to make an ice-hole for the ax; the khan's blind son goes, M. shouts that he saw the light while sitting in a bag; the khan's son changes places with him; the son Khan is drowning, M. comes, says that there are a lot of cattle at the bottom; H. orders his four officials and himself to be thrown into the water; M. began to rule the valley]: Taube 1978, No. 41:259-260; Buryats: Dugarov 1990: 287-291 [the poor guy was hired to work for a rich man; when he comes in, he covers the chest; the rich man thinks he is hiding money there, he comes to steal at night, the guy grabs him, he pays off; past another's house a rich man leads a goat, gold coins fall from under her tail, a rich man buys a goat; finds a guy, puts him in a bag, tells his servants to drown; the guy says that he buried gold, they run away to dig up ; the guy tells a passerby that he is in a bag because he does not want to be a khan; a passerby climbs into a bag, the servants drown him; the guy meets a bear, they are fighting, gold coins have fallen out of his torn clothes ; the guy answers the khan's son passing by that he sacrifices the bear to the Tengria, and he gives gold; the Khan's son gave his horse, began to fight the bear, he killed him, and the guy left; in the khan's He comes to the rich man with clothes, says that Lusan Khan gave him a horse and clothes at the bottom of the river; the rich man orders himself to be drowned; the guy brings Khan a horse and brings the clothes of the khan's son, says that his enemies have harassed him a bear; the khan smashes his enemies, brings the boy closer, then gives him the state], 336-340 [the rich man promises to feed him meat if he can deceive him; the farmhand says he forgot the trick at home, a rich man rides a rich man, cuts and eats a horse; the rich man burned the farmhand's yurt; he collected the ashes in a bag, tells the khan's daughters that he has a felt yurt in his bag, and if a real beauty looks at her, the yurt will turn into ash; the khan's daughters are happy to be real beauties, the khan had to build a new yurt for the farmhand; the farmhand tells the rich man that the khan gave him a yurt because he was ashed from the old one cured all his scabies; the rich man burned his yurt, went to treat the Khan's cattle, was severely beaten; puts the farmhand in a bag, wants to burn it; he asks to do it at the crossroads on a fir fire and juniper; the rich man's people hung the bag on the larch, went for juniper; a one-eyed khan rides by, the farmhand says he is sitting in a bag to heal his eyes; the khan sits down instead of him, burned; the rich man Sees the farmhand again — in good clothes with a good horse (he took the khan's horse); the farmhand explains that Segeen's daughter Sabdag Tengri wanted to marry him in heaven, but she did not like her callous hands, asked find a groom with gentle hands; the rich man ordered himself to be burned]; the Oirats (durbuts) [seven Dondushi killed Mentysh's mother; he collected his mother's blood, saw seven camels with white bald heads, smeared his bald heads with blood; the camel owner looked for them, began to argue with M. what color his bald heads were, promised to give him camels if his bald heads were red; after receiving the camels, M. told the Dondusham that he had exchanged them for a dead mother; they killed their mothers, began to ask the khan for camels, who ordered everyone to be beaten with dry and damp sticks; the Dondushi tied M. to a pole, left them; he told the humpback old man who had come on a bull that he had tied himself to cure the hump; the old man ordered him to be tied and his sheep herded; the Dondyshi killed the hunchback; M. said that the two lakes shared the inheritance, he received his share for helping to share; explained to the Dondusham how sink to the bottom; they drowned, and M. healed well]: Potanin 1883, No. 49.1:235-237; Khalkha Mongols: Borovkov 1938 [Poppe 1932:22-25; seven bald brothers burned down the rastrepa's house; he collected ash and coals into bags; said he was carrying gold and silver; if you look at them, they would turn to ashes; the rich man insists, gives him a bag of gold and silver in return for his “missing treasures”; he says to the bald man that exchanged jewelry for ash; the brothers burned down their houses, went to sell ash, they were beaten; the brothers killed his cow; he poured blood into his gut, met seven camels with bald blue heads, dyed them with blood; said to the owner that the camels had red bald heads; they argued that the rastrepa got camels; told the brothers that he had exchanged camels for a gut full of blood; the brothers slaughtered their cows, went to exchange blood for camels, The brothers were beaten; the brothers killed the rastrepa's wife; he told the khan that his wife was the best needlewoman; he put the corpse on a wild camel, led him to the khan; the dogs rushed at him, the rastrepa stabbed the camel with an awl, he threw off the corpse, the rastrepa received a needlewoman in exchange for his “deceased” wife; told the brothers that he had exchanged her for a dead wife; the brothers killed their wives, went to change, they were beaten; the brothers tied the rastrep to At the top of the tree, went to buy firewood to burn it; he told the old man, who was looking for his horses, that sitting in a tree heals the eyes; he changed with confusion, burned; the rastrepa comes with horses, says who rose to heaven with smoke to the dragon khan, he was gifted; leads the brothers to the sea to catch horses, they throw themselves into the water, drown, took their property]: 40-46; Bystrov et al. 1962 [the owner tells the farmhand deliver the food to the lama; he ate it himself, told the lama that his master was mad and wanted to kill the lama; told the owner that the llama asked him to take the axe and fix the door for him; when he saw the man with the ax, the llama ran away; the farmhand told the owner's wife that he had gone to kill the llama and now he would kill her; she ran away, and the farmhand told the owner that she had gone to dig up gold; the owner chased his wife; the farmhand went to another place, got married, agreed with his wife that when the prince came for tax, he would hit her twice with a stick: after the first blow, let him pretend to be dead, after the second blow he came to life; the prince bought a stick, killed his wife; ordered drown the deceiver, left the bag on the way; the deceiver told the bald man that he was put in a bag to grow his hair; the bald man was drowned, the deceiver took his property, said that it was a gift from the dragon king; prince and officials drowned]: 289-293; Mikhailov 1962 [seven bald men killed a short man's calf; he saw 7 camels with white spots on their foreheads, covered the stains with calf blood; the owner asks if he saw if he saw short camels with white spots; he says he saw only with red spots; man: so take them for yourself; the short man says to the bald that he exchanged camels for a slaughtered calf; they stabbed his own; they burned the short man's hut; he collected the ash in a bag; answers the khan's servants that if the bag is untied, the gold will turn into ash; they insist that they gave the short man a chest of gold; he says that he exchanged gold on ash; bald men burned their homes; killed the short man's mother; he put her in a coffin, took her on a camel; the woman frightened the camel, the coffin fell and crashed; short man: now I can't bury my mother; he was given a chest of silver; the bald ones put the short man in a bag, threw him into the lake; the shepherd pulled him out; the short man drowned the shepherd, brought the cows; the bald ones rushed into the lake for the cows, drowned]: 25-27; Starodumova 2003 [seven bald Hozhgor brothers tease short Mozhgor; burned his cart; he carries a bag of ash to Khan, says that if opened, it will become soot, ash; as it happens, he is given a bag of ash gold; seven brothers burned their carts, brought coal to the khan, they were beaten with sticks; the brothers killed the mozhgor calf; he collected a blood bubble, met 7 white camels, painted them with blood, the owner did not recognize them ; m told the brothers that the khan gave them to him instead of the dead calf; the brothers killed their calves, the khan drove them away; they killed M.'s mother; he carried the corpse on a camel, the khan's dog frightened him, the corpse fell; m says to the khan that his mother died because of his dog, the khan gave him living water, his mother came to life, gave property; m explains to the brothers that this waterman shared the good, gave him; tells him to go to the water, look into it, there will be seven bald water ambassadors, jump to them; brothers drowned]: 127-130; Mongols (Ordos) [old man's son Chulmun made a violin out of a horse's skull; father advised me to better master the craft of thieves; C. came to two blind old men who handed lamb to each other; quietly took it himself, the old men began to fight; in the yurt one driver sewed, the other slept; C. quietly took the awl, pricked the sleeper; the drovers began to fight; as a result, C. stole their bulls and took their yurt away; stole the mule, the owner caught up with him, tied a bunch of firewood to C.'s back, threw it into the river; C. got out, told the humpback shepherd of pigs that he had cured it with this bundles his hump; the shepherd took the bundle off C.'s back, C. threw it into the river, took the herd; the king promises C. a daughter if he stole his ring; took the ring in his mouth, put the dogs Garge and Barge at the gate, the middle gate of two old men, two old women at the inner gate, two girls at the door of his apartments; C. gave the dogs lamb, tied lamb kidneys to the braids of the old men, a bladder with water on the hems of the old women, a vessel of blood on the hem of two girls; he dripped bile into the mouth of the sleeping king, who began to spit out, spit out the ring, C. took it away, ran away; the lamb buds began to drink on the backs of the old men who had jumped up, everyone decided that the other is hitting him; every old woman accuses the other for peeing herself, every girl for giving birth to another; C. received a princess; she sleeps with another man; C. made a hole in the bucket, sent his wife to water the horse, strangled his lover; pretended to notice him only when his wife returned; told her to invite a man; wife: he died; C. sent her to throw the corpse into the hole, hid there himself, called out to his wife, who was horrified returned; again with another hole; the wife asked for forgiveness; C. brought the corpse to the house of the deceased, called out to his wife in his voice; she does not want to open it to her husband, since he is sleeping with his wife C.; imaginary husband: then I will hang myself; Having found the corpse, the wife decided that her husband hanged himself; C. lives well with his wife]: Mostaert 1937, No. 21 in Solovyov 2014; the Mongols of Inner Mongolia [seven bald men burned at a bald stocky arba with with firewood, his ox and mother killed him; a bald stocky man brought a bag of ash to the khan's palace and told the children that if it was opened, gold would turn into ash and coals; the minister promised to fill the bag with gold if this will happen; a bald stocky man brought gold and said he sold ash; seven bald men burned their arba each, went to sell coals, they were beaten; a bald stocky man smeared blood on a white bald spot in seven camels; the owner looked for them, but was convinced that these camels had a red bald spot; the bald, stocky, said he had received camels from the khan in exchange for blood and calf manure; seven bald men killed their own calves, carried blood and manure to the khan, they were beaten again; the bald stocky mother's corpse put on a camel; the khan's dog barked, the body fell; the khan revived the deceased in special water, gave the bald stocky money; he told seven bald men that he was awarded a water khan; they jumped into the water and drowned]: Coyaud 2012, No. 66:144-147; Dagurs [an orphan put a coin under the mule, told the rich man he was defecating with money, the rich man bought a mule; he spoiled him; taking a hammer, the rich man ran to the orphan; the orphan told his wife to pretend to be dead in advance; pretended that a man could be killed with a black hammer (he killed his wife on time to save food), and to revive in red; the rich man bought hammers; killed his wife; the rich man stuffed the orphan into a bag, carried him to drown, hung it at the gate, went away for a snack; noticing a lame shepherd, the orphan speaks to him, who was also chrome, but recovered sitting in a bag; lame changes places with him, the rich man drowns him; the orphan says he brought the herd from the bottom; the rich man asks him to drown; the orphan became famous]: Stuart 1994:108.

Western Siberia. Nenets [Nardaliko puts his deceased grandmother on sledges, comes to the Ostyatsky prince, says that he left his grandmother on the Ob; he sends his daughters, the sledge falls through the ice, N. receives instead of the allegedly deceased youngest daughter as a wife; a son is born, N. hears his mother asking him if he will also exchange dead old women for living wives; N. cuts off his wife's tongue; the shaman wants to find out why a woman is silent; N. shouts that enemies are coming, pushes the shaman into the fire; summons to take her burnt down to her sons; shouts that they are dying, they cut down the deceased, N. says that they hacked her mother; for silence they give N. furs; the prince orders N. to be thrown in a barrel under the ice; the servants leave him overnight on the ice; he tells the passing reindeer herder that he is mining gold; the reindeer herder takes his place, he picks up the load, the deer, says what he got from the bottom; the prince tells him to throw him into the ice-hole in the barrel; N. becomes prince]: Tonkov 1936:194-200; northern Khanty (son's dialect) [Kai noticed royal bags with zolt on the shore; put capercaillie to the top, burbot into a trap; brought his wife; explains that poultry and fish are many places; took the bag; soldiers come, the wife says that they took the bag the day they caught the burbot in the trap and capercaillie to the top; husband and wife were driven away; Kai tied a calf's stomach with blood to his wife; in the presence of three men, he stabbed his sleeping wife; blood splashed, and the wife jumped up; the men bought a magic knife; wives were stabbed to death; Kai tells him to be put in a boat like a coffin, to say that he is dead; they decided to drown him, the boat was brought ashore; he tells a man with three horses that there is a golden city under water; he changes from In some places; drowned; Kai took horses]: Steinitz 2014, No. 20:134-137; Eastern Khanty (b. Yugan) [the nephew lives with his aunt, kills an elk; goes to the city, the merchant hires him to herd his horses; the merchant leaves, the guy watches the merchant, who always comes back drunk from the straw; watches, hears how the straw replies to the merchant that he has one bottle of white wine left, one of red wine; the guy brings a horse's skin to the straw, creaks it, says where the wine is, sells omniscient skin for gold; leaves for an aunt, kills her with an ax, puts her in a sleigh as if alive, accuses the merchant that he killed her, he pays gold; the guy tells the straw man that he earns money selling the dead; he kills his wife, tries sell him, he is driven; he wraps the guy in the skin of a horse for the night to drown him in the morning; the guy tells the passerby that he collects gold in his skin, he climbs in his place; freezes; the guy takes his cattle, tells the straw man what he got into the ice-hole; he asks him to wrap him in his skin, dies; the guy also takes his cattle]: Kulemzin, Lukina 1978, No. 112:121-125; southern Selkups (Verkhne-Ketsky District of Tomskaya region) [5 cyprinids fish, take turns staying to fry crucian carp; each time an old man comes and eats two crucian carps; the cook replies to the brothers that he ate them himself; so with four brothers; then the old man calls they come to him; there is no food; the old man cuts off the old woman's head; then revives, the old woman feeds the visitors; at home, the brothers slaughtered their wives, they did not live; the brothers put the old man in a bag to throw them into the fire; old man: not into the fire plant, I'll get rich, better beat; brothers shove the bag into the fire; the old man came out, comes in good clothes a few years later; the brothers ask them to be put in the fire, they burn]: Porotova 1980:62-64 (=Tuchkova, Wagner-Nagy 2015, No. 59:267-268); Northern Selkups: Tuchkova, Wagner-Nagy 2015, No. 56 (E.D. Prokofiev, Yanov Stan, 1926) [Icha lived with his grandmother, old Korse Prince across the river; Icha tied dogs around his neck sables skins, let them go; the prince's servants came; a dog came running; they believed that she was getting sables herself, K. bought a dog for a horse; Icha killed the horse, filled his intestines with blood, tied it under his grandmother's sundress; servants came back; Icha: you ruined my dog; grandmother: you told me to sell it, stabbed her, bleed, grandmother fell like dead; Icha knife: sorry for grandmother, you killed, you killed, you revive it; grandmother “came to life”; Icha does The appearance that he did not want to sell a knife only gave a try; and don't spoil it - they can only kill the rich; K. cut all the rich, no one came to life; Icha: they ruined the knife, they probably killed the poor; K. tells kill Icha; Icha: first leave in the bag for the night to suffer; rich merchants go past the ice-hole; Icha: goods will come out of the ice-hole; reluctantly allows merchants to get into the bag with a promise to leave him part of the wealth; the merchants were drowned, Icha took the wealth; princely servants: he found everything in the ice-hole; K. and all the bosses ordered them to be sewn into leather bags, drowned; Icha lives well], 57 (A.I. Kuzmina, recorded in Russian) [Ichekichika lived with his grandmother, next to the city Tsar's Koltsak ira (“ira” means “old man”); I. stole a cow, stabbed him; tied his grandmother with blood; a servant came with a rifle; I. tells his grandmother to accept the guest, she hesitates, he pretends to cut her, blood is shed; then the grandmother came to life; the governor told the servants to buy a knife to teach lazy women a lesson; I.: you need to cut clean people, you can't keep a knife on the floor; the governor and the servants stabbed their wives; I. want to arrest, here a dog comes running, a hundred sable skins around his neck; they bought a dog - nothing; I. sewed into rawhide to drown; I. sends servants to look for a big one a stone to drown it, put sable skins with it; a caravan is coming, the merchant believes that there is gold and sable skins at the bottom; drowned; I. took three carts of goods; the governor and all the rich were drowned], 58 (A.I. Kuzmina, Turukhansk, 1977) [about as in (57); Kol'sako-old man]: 243-246, 250-252, 259-261; nganasany [Oeloko (Dyaiku) as tall as a finger, worked for Russian merchants; ordered his wife to fill the bubble with with the blood of partridges, hide under his arm; agrees with his wife how to behave when he brings merchants to visit; merchants have come, the wife is angry, says that there is no food; D. stabbed her, blood has flowed; three the talins brought are three sons; touches each “dead” wife, she finally gets up; D. seems reluctant to give his “sons” to merchants in exchange for food supplies; three merchants killed their wives; decided to drown D.; he asks to find a stone of three pounds, brings it to his friend in the river; while merchants are looking for a stone, a dolganin arrives on horseback; takes his reflection for a rich guy in the river; untied D., ordered to tie himself up to to visit; drowned; tells merchants that he exchanged a stone at the bottom for a beaded park; merchants ordered themselves to be drowned]: Long 1938:110-116.

Eastern Siberia. Evens [Carlam dug up a recently buried girl, brought Khagankan to his house; his daughter goes out to invite her into the house, the deceased falls, the daughter thinks she accidentally killed her; her father gives her to K. instead of “killed”; K. tells the brothers what the inhabitants of another village give beauties for the dead; they strangle their wives, drive them away; the brothers leave K. in a sack to burn; he tells a stranger that he is sitting in a bag to become a shaman; a stranger gets into a bag, gives K. his clothes for it; brothers burn a stranger; K. arrives, says that from the dead, that their late mother made clothes for him; brothers ask burn them; K. lives happily with his wife]: Novikova 1958:70-72; 1987:74-76; (cf. Baikal Evenks (Vitimsky) [Codon digs a girl out of the grave, leaves a pine tree near her house; the owner's daughters touch her, she crumbles, K. gets the owner's two daughters for the “murdered” wife or sisters; K. wraps their necks with their guts, says that he pricked their necks, made them beautiful; men prick their wives necks, those they die; they want to burn Codon, he binds a trusting person instead of himself; K. returns, supposedly after being burned, sends greetings to the men from his deceased wives]: Voskoboynikov 1980:24-25); Yakuts ( place of recording is not specified; Vilyuisky?) [The Mockingbird Liar (OP) tells three merchant sons that his horse is defecating with silver coins; he stuffed their horse down the drain, the merchants believed, bought a horse; realizing that they were deceived, killed OP's wife and burned down his house; OP, returning from town, said that ash and dead bodies were worth the price in the city; merchants killed their wives and burned their houses; in the city they went to prison; when they returned, they put the OP in a bag, cut through ice-hole, went to get a net to remove the ice; a man on three horses arrived; OP said that sitting in a bag he heals his eyes; the one who came also wanted to be treated, changed places with OP; drowned; OM arrives on the top three; says that there is a rich country at the bottom, he made easy money on horses; merchants wanted to go under water and allowed them to drown]: Popov 1936a: 175-177.

Amur — Sakhalin. Nanais (Amur District, 1968) [The rogue steals firewood, tells the Strongman that the sledge and axe work themselves; the strongman borrowed a sledge, cuts down annoyance into pieces, burns the Rogue's firewood; he collects coals, comes to the jeweler, accuses him of stealing gold, the jeweler fills half a bag with gold and silver; the strongman burned his firewood, goes to exchange it for gold, he is beaten; he killed the Rogue's mother, who left the corpse in the ice-hole, enters the house, says that his wife is deaf, the owner sends his daughter, she touches his “wife”, the body falls into an ice-hole, the Rogue gets the girl as his wife instead of the “killed” one, tells Silach that he changed the dead to two alive; he orders to kill his mother, goes to change him alive, he was beaten; he puts the Rogue in a bag to throw him into a lake of fire, leaves him for a while; the Rogue says to a half-blind old man who drove four donkeys that he himself was blind and saw the light in the bag; the strongman throws the old man into the lake of fire; the Rogue brings donkeys, brings the stolen goods, says that from the bottom; the strongman tells him to throw him into the lake, burns; the old man and the Strongman complain to Enduri, he sends a wooden helper spirit; the Rogue tells his wife that the firewood has come, the spirit is running away; E. sends a turtle, the Rogue wounds it with a knife; a cow (beats); a soldier, they ask what the Dodger is most afraid of; he says that cookies and sweets, they are like a thick thicket; they throw cookies and sweets at the Trickster; E. comes for the Trickster himself, he offers to change clothes, jumps forward, tells E.'s close associates to kill the imaginary Pluta, takes the place of E.]: Kiel 1996, No. 42:375-389.

Japan. Japanese (Tohoku to North Kyushu, 22 versions) [[poor brother sells a rich horse that supposedly defecates with gold, a pot that creates food that revives the dead stick; to test the properties of the stick, the rich kills the mother and wife; the poor are carried in a bag to drown, left; he tells the shepherd or fish seller that he is sitting in a bag to heal his eyes; the rich dies {apparently asks to drown him to get the herd from the bottom}]: Ikeda 1971, No. 1539:252-253; the Ainu [the deceiver climbed a pine tree and smeared the branches with chewed rice: as if it were bird droppings; told a rich man that there was a nest on a pine tree peacock; the rich man asked the deceiver to climb himself, because he did not know how to climb trees; he climbed a pine tree and said that he saw the rich man's house burning; he rushed home, but the house was intact; the rich told the servants to roll the deceiver in mats and drown him; by the river he said that he had treasures at home — let them take it and then drown it; at that time a blind man came up; the deceiver said that He was tied up to cure his blindness, and now he saw the light; the blind man untied the deceiver and took his place; drowned; wearing the blind man's rich clothes, the deceiver said he had received it from the goddess at the bottom of the river; it was her She set everything up to marry him; but the village elder is more worthy to be her husband; he tells him to tie himself up and throw himself into the river; and the deceiver became an elder and settled in his house]: Chamberlaine 1888, No. 42:.

SV Asia. Tundra Yukaghirs (Nizhnekolymsky District) [=Kurilov 2005, No. 46:379-383; Tebegey, who has a blind wife, replies to a fabulous old man that his ax itself is stabbing firewood; he sticks an ax in the morning comes back, the ax is in the old place; T. cooks meat, threw snow at the cauldron, replies that the cauldron itself; the SS does not cook; pokes his wife with a knife, says that she saw the light; the SS hacked his wife to death with an ax; the SS asks T. what kind of death he wants to die; T. tells him to put him in a bag, drown him in an ice-hole; halfway he says that he forgot his sheath, sent the SS to bring them; passing lamutes shouts that saw the light; a blind old woman sits in a bag instead of him, the SS drowned her; T. comes on deer, says the SS that it's good at the bottom, his wife is there; the SS orders to drown herself]: Gogolev et al. 1975:234-235; forest Yukaghirs: Jochelson 1900, No. 17 [when a fabulous old man came to Debegei, D. pretended to cook his pot himself; the SS took the pot, but he did not cook from him, he broke it; D. says he also has the ax cuts himself; the same (the SS broke the ax with anger against the stone); the SS wife's eyes became blind; D.: put her in the plague, extinguish the fire, wave it with a sharpened knife; when the SS lit the fire, the wife's head is in one place, her legs in friend; SS put D. in the bag and let's drown; D.: bring my belt, you can't die without it; two girls are coming; D.: I'm treating my eyes in the bag; the girls' mother is blind, they put her in a bag instead of D.; the SS drowned her; D. came with the girls, said he found wives at the bottom; the SS ordered himself to be drowned, crashed against a rock, fell into the sea]: 34-384; Kreinovich 1982 [Debegei puts fat in the pot, snow on top, puts it on the fire, pretends that the pot cooks, turning snow into any food; another person believes him, gives his wealth, his wife; D. takes him away to the mountain; when he returns, explains that the pot did not cook because it was new the owner went where he used to go, D.; promises the blind old Even to heal his eyes, gets deer for it; next time that man puts D. in a bag, prepares to drown; D. says he does not will die of water, he must be pushed off a cliff; sends a man to bring his forgotten belt and glasses; to the blind son of a blind Evenk who comes, explains what is in the bag to heal his eyes; he unties D. puts his father in a bag; another person brings a belt, glasses, pushes the bag off a cliff into the river; D. is with even deer, says he received wealth from relatives from the river; another person asks to throw him off, dies; =Zhukova, Chernetsov 1992:61-65]: 288-292; Chukchi (recent borrowing) [the rich uncle did not like his poor nephew; wants to starve him, but his uncle's daughter feeds him boy; warns that his uncle is going to hack him at night; the boy changes places with his grandmother, the uncle cuts off the head of the old woman; the boy brings the victim on a sledge to the village, the head falls off, he accuses local people, they give him barrels of wealth; he explains to his uncle that he sold the deceased; he cuts off his wife's head, tries to sell him, drives him away; the uncle puts the boy in a bag, carries him to drown, leaves him ; the man climbs into the bag instead of the boy {it is not said why}; the uncle drowns him; the boy finds three goldfish, sold them for five barrels of coins; says he received them at the bottom; his uncle tells him to drown, the boy lives happily]: Portugalov 2009:33-35.