Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M91c2. Seated in a bag .11.-.17.21.-.39.


character is placed in a bag or chest, locked in a cage, tied, etc., to drown, burn, etc. When left for a while, the character pretends to be in the bag voluntarily or because he does not want to become a chief, marry, etc.; the other agrees to take his place. See M91c1 motif.

Congo [Moni-Mambu], zombo [gazelle], kikuyu [hyena], kamba [hyena], gusias, comorians, sakata [antelope], luba [antelope], vute [dwarf antelope], gyula, mandingo, soninke, cassonke, kpelle [villain boy], dan, manden, mosi, senufo, dagari, rake, crane (guere), hausa [fox; spider], munguka [tailor], mukulu [cunning boy], dogons, sarah (mbai), kalenjin (kipsigis), amhara, Tigre [fox], Arusha [hyena], Sudanese Arabs [man], Malgashi [two cunning], Kabila, Berbers of Morocco, Arabs of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya [Si'Djeha], Portuguese, Spanish, Aragon, Basques, Sicilians, Italians, Corsicans, Ladins, Medieval Latin, French, Walloons, Bretons, Irish, Alsatians, Germans, Arameans, Palestinians, Iraqis, Yemeni Arabs, Mehri, Jibbali, Lepcha, Khasi [fox], Meitei [fox], lhota, rengma, angami, mikir, garo, Burmese, monk, palaung, vieta, muong, khmer, khmu, sindhi [jackal], himachali plowman [jackal], Nepali [jackal], chhattisgarhi (Bilaspur), agaria [boy silaspur] h], Baiga [jackal], Kumaoni, Santals [jackal], Kondas [cunning], (Assamese), Bengalis, Telugu [Tenaliram], Kannada [poor brahman], Tamils [monkey son; squirrel brother], Sinhalus [dwarf deer], Javanese [ dwarf deer], Sarawak Dayaks [turtle], Toraja [peasant], pangasinan [turtle], Chinese [peasant], Albanians [peasant], Serbs [beardless], Bulgarians [peasant], Macedonians [Petre], Greeks [ priest], Hungarians [younger fool brother], Romanians [cunning Pekale], Poles [poor man], Slovaks [poor man], Czechs, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Moscow, Tambov, Kursk, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Chernivtsi, Kyiv, Poltava, Chernigov), Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Stavropol Turkmens, Nogais, Terek Cossacks, Kumyks, Abazins, Ossetians, Ingush [Tsagen], Dargins, Rutulans, Lezgins, Megrelians, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Persians, Yagnobs, Vakhans, Ishkashim, Munjan, Rushans, Bartangans, Yazgulyams, Sarykols, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Mountain Tajiks, Pashtuns, Norwegians, Swedes, Western Sami, Lithuanians, Danes, Karelians, Komi-Zyrians, Chuvash, Mordovians, Maris, Bashkirs [bald], Kazakhs, Karakalpaks, Kyrgyz, Uighurs, Dungans [bald], Siberian Tatars (?) , Kumandins, Khakas, Tuvans (Khemchik), South Altai Tuvans, Mansi, Buryats, Oirats (Derbyts), Khalkha Mongols, Ordos Mongols, Dagurs, Nenets, Eastern Khanty, Northern Selkups, Nganasans [Oeloko/Dyaiku], Evens, Vitim Evenks, Viluisky (?) Yakuts, Nanais, Wilta, Japanese, Ainu, Forest and Tundra Yukaghirs (Chukchi).

Bantu-speaking Africa. Congo [Moni-Mambu came to brothers who never quarreled; one was a fisherman, the other was getting palm wine; MM placed fish on palm trees, calebasses and wine in the river; the brothers got into a fight; a woman told MM that he could go to her house to eat baked peanuts with her children; he ate peanuts and children; the chief tells MM to shoot anything they chase him (during a driven hunt); he kills hunting dogs, hunters, the chief's wife; they want to kill him, he says that bullets and knives do not take him, let them take him to the top; porters go to the river to look for drinking water; MM speaks to passers-by merchants who appoint chiefs; the merchant is put in a net, MM takes his property, the merchant is drowned; MM shoots an antelope, it jumps out of its skin, runs away; MM blows out, the dog takes away the snot, MM throws she smut into her, she enters the house, the house burns down; he is told to build a new one, he cuts a tree, a machete falls into the water, the crocodile grabs MM, but the osprey snatches it out of the crocodile's mouth; MM meets the speaker skull, talks about it; people go to check, the skull is silent; the leader orders MM to be killed, pierced with a spear]: Belcher 2005, No. 15:82-87; zombo: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:244-250; kikuyu: Gagnolo 1952, No. 6 [two wives each have a son, Wamogumo (Wm.) and Wakogumo (Vk.); his parents died, his father left a donkey to each; while Vk was gone, W. stabbed his donkey out of envy; Vk. made belts out of leather, with He sold it profitably; said Vm that he had sold meat; he killed his donkey, tried to sell meat in vain; he killed Vk's mother out of revenge. {before that, it is said that both wives of the brothers' father died}; Vk. put the corpse on a donkey, came to the owner of 200 goats, said that his mother would give him money, he pushed her, the corpse fell, Vk. accused the man of murder, got it to the goats, said Vm., that he sold the deceased; W. killed his mother, went to sell it to the bazaar, he was beaten; W. suggested that Vk try to get into the basket with a narrow neck, braided her, threw her into the lake; she fell into shallow water; Vk shouted to the shepherd that the person in the basket would receive God's message; the shepherd released Vk., climbed into the basket, Vk. drowned him, took the herd, said Vm that he had taken it out at the bottom of the lake; Vm. told him to drown him in a basket, drowned]: 10-14; Mwangi 1983 [the woman asked Hyena to watch her baby when she gets food herself, for which she gives bones; tells him not to look for bones when there is a child behind her back; The hyena began to gnaw the bones, flew away alone, killed the child; the woman ordered him to be thrown away, the Hyena ate it; pretending that nothing had happened, the woman once tied Hyena and boiled needles to throw it {stabb?} them to Hyena; when she left, another hyena passed by; Hyena said she was tied because she did not want to eat soup with one fly swimming in it; hyenas changed places; when the woman began to stab needles in the hyena, she shouted that she would eat fly soup; died]: 62-65; kamba [the hyena convinced the lioness that she was his relative, left to watch his child; the lioness does not tell her to gnaw bones, the hyena gnaws, the lion cub is killed by a bone fragment, the hyena pretends to be sleeping; takes him out of the cave, eats it; the lioness sees blood on her lips, hangs it; the hyena convinces the other to switch places, then she will be able to eat fat; the lioness sees that this is the wrong hyena, takes it with her to hunt, tells her to take the meat home; the third hyena asks for meat; the second sends her to take the meat to the lioness - the lioness will give it; she hangs her little finger, hyena dies]: Okhotina 1962:239-243 (summary in Arewa 1961, No. 855:55); Gusias: Vinogradov 1984, No. G16:322-324; Comorians: Haring 2007, No. 57:116; Sakata: Colldén 1979, No. 174:345-346; luba [the mother of the Nanduku antelope died, but the leopard banned the wake; when the leopard's mother died, he gave a lavish wake; N. came only on the fifth day and sent bring water; a tree sings by the river, the one sent begins to dance {from the following it is clear that it is N. singing in the hollow of a tree}; all animals are sent one after another, everyone remains dancing; the leopard comes by himself, too dances; tells him to throw his mother's corpse into the forest and move the tree to the village; but N. disappeared and the tree stopped singing; N. pretends to pull jewelry out of the belly of a slaughtered sheep; the leopard believes, tells slaughter all goats and sheep, he is held for a madman; N. pretends to turn cassava into tobacco (sitting on a cauldron, tobacco leaves in it, cassava leaves next to him); the leopard tells him to pull out all the cassava, cook it, sat on the cauldron, scalded; tells other leopards to put N. in a bag, drown him; the bag was left for a while; N. shouts that he does not want to be king; Namwudi takes his place in the bag, drowned; N. settles holiday, tells the leopard that he should have thrown the bag away - he would have got more treasures; the leopard tells him to throw it in a sack into the river, sinks]: Lambrecht 1963:60-63.

West Africa. Manden [the girl's father promises her to the one who will come faster; the antelope is the fastest, but the chameleon hides on her back, touches the girl first, gets a wife; she gives birth to a son, then a daughter; their mother tells them to take food to their father; they call their father, the chameleon answers; the children do not believe he is their father, they laugh; (in anthropomorphic form) the father tells them to always be together; they hear the chameleon again, kill him , the mother chases them away; they come to the lioness, kill, cook one of the three cubs, feed the lioness; she asks to bring her cubs to breastfeed; the boy brings one twice; explains that he has already eaten beans, so he does not want to suck; the same with the second; fed the lioness and the last one, hid in a hole, threw the lioness the skulls of her children, put a bag over her, sold the lioness bag to merchants - allegedly there was a big dog there; they told me not to open it right away; at night the merchants opened them, the lioness ate them, the old woman was left alone; the children climbed the tree, lowered the lion's rope, she got up, they threw the rope, the lioness crashed to death; the tree is high, don't get down; the bird put the children on its wings; boy: the bird stinks, I'll cut off the wing; the girl doesn't mind: you have to be together; the wings are cut off, the bird has fallen, the children crashed to death; the turtle revived the boy, who does not want his sister to be revived, but the turtle also revives her; sister: let's eat the turtle! went to buy firewood; the brother tells the turtle to leave, but the sister catches it; they come to the blacksmith and ask him to cook a turtle; he has swollen testicles, the children offer to cure it, burn it, run away; they come on a peanut field, a boy tells a story, people understand that this is about how he maimed a blacksmith; the blacksmith puts the boy in a bag, walks away for a while; the boy tells the blacksmith's children that there are peanuts in the bag; they untie the bag, get inside instead of the boy, the blacksmith throws the bag into the fire; the boy screams that he burned his children, runs away; comes with his sister to the village, gets a wife; sister: let's kill her; brother I cannot but agree, they kill the girl, run away, climb trees; two old men come, the sister pees, they think it's raining; the brother poops, they notice them, they cut down the tree with axes, it starts to fall, two lizards restore it; the sister kills one lizard, the tree is cut down again, but the second lizard restores it again; the sister kills the second lizard, people cut down the tree, brother and sister go up to heaven, since then they have been making rain and thunderstorm]: Frobenius 1922b, No. 95:170-177; rowing [all the leader's wives have children, one is childless; sorcerers say that she will give birth to an adult young man; he appears, his name Kawa; father and his entourage are afraid of him; father gives K. a bag, tells him to take him home; K. prepares to pierce the bag with a spear, a warrior jumps out into the forest; next time K. offers to dance by digging a hole- the trap and cover it; K. throws a spear there; the leader orders to put K. in a bag and throw it into the river; they went to pick mushrooms; K. says to the goat who comes up that only there it is possible to climb to heaven alive; the goat changes places with K., drowned; K. accumulated wealth, came to the chief, said he received everything from the spirits at the bottom of the river; the chief and his men tell them to be thrown into the water in bags; drowned]: Pinney 1973:282-285; faucet (guere) [(the beginning of the text is not given; the little liar says he is tied to force him to eat 20 plates of rice; pretends to be extremely reluctant to give way to a spider; when he climbs into the water, he gives birth to the voices of the spirits; - Why are you alone, where is your brother, we have so much goodness! all the villagers jumped into the water and drowned; the women mistook the returning liar for a spirit and followed him]: Paulme 1976:224-225; Hausa: Schön 1862 [the fox offers the mullah to work for him - will clean the cat, asks for a large basket; every day she kills a ram or goat, hides the carcass under a dung, pretends to carry a dung; the mullah's daughter discovered a deception, they tied the fox to a tree, beat evenings, left for the night; at night, the fox tells the hyena that if she changes places with her, she will be fed in the morning; the hyena frees the fox, allows itself to be tied; in the morning, the hyena is beaten, it escaped, chased the fox, it disappeared into the hole]: 172-175; Tremearne 1913, No. 16 [the spider invites the mullah to herd his cattle; pretends to take out the garbage in a large basket, in fact, takes out the dead goat every morning; the mullah waited for him, tied him up, beat him; the spider tells the hyena that he was tied to make the goat meat eat; the hyena changes places with him; the mullah beat the hyena for a long time, finally she ran away]: 214-216; mungaka [returning from town, the tailor hid the coins in the horse's ears; 40 thieves met; the tailor was whipped by a horse, it ran, coins fell down; the robbers believe that money falls every time the horse runs; they buy it for a lot of money; the tailor teaches: everyone should ride a horse for a week and not tell others what happened to them; only when everyone rides, then they can; after all, robbers they realized that they had been deceived and went to the tailor; after agreeing with his wife, he hid behind the house; the wife sent the dog to tell her husband that he had guests; the tailor waited and came in; the robbers believed that the dog was She told him everything herself; the robbers bought it for a lot of money; again everyone should use it for a week and not tell others anything; now the robbers put the tailor in a bag and carried it drown; fell asleep with the bag on the ground; another thief came up, stealing a pig and a piece of cloth; a tailor from a bag: I don't want to marry a princess; the thief climbed into the bag instead of him; the tailor told the robbers that they threw him to the place where his dead father gave him cloth and a pig; he would give it to the robbers too, but not before they were all at the bottom; the robbers drowned]: Meyer 1942, No. 3:144-149; mukulu [ Kalbati from his mother's womb tells her to give birth to him; some time has passed and he tells her to lie down with a stranger; his father sends him to buy tobacco; K. does not go to the one pointed out by his father, but to the one with whom his father pointed out the mother slept; after receiving tobacco, he does not leave; says that his father sent him to grab his mother's lover; the man threw his hoe and ran away; K. explains to his father that they found a dead gazelle nearby and everyone is running for meat; the father also threw his hoe and ran; K. tells his mother the same thing, tells her to run, taking the basket; when they reach the leader, all three cannot explain why they fled; K. provokes the leader to collect by the river girls, and the Arab told him to go there for beer, dressed him in his clothes; the Arab was drunk and drowned, and the herd went to K.; people thought they drowned K.; believed that he had taken the cattle at the bottom; the chief gathered them all; first the children drowned, then the men, then the leader; and the women did not jump into the water; K. met with them for two nights; the first conceived boys, the second the girls; became the chief]: Jungraithmayr 1981, No. 16:74- 78; Gyula: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:158-160; Vute [Tukur (dwarf deer) and Turtle go together to find a wife; T. suggests changing names: he will be Nogur (guest, outsider) and she will be Niha ( teenager, young); when he offers food for Nogur, it's for me, and when for Niha, it's for you; T. ate everything on the first day, Turtle ate everything on the second; but relieved me of need and put some meat on top; the animals wanted T. to play the drum for them; the turtle warned him that he could run away; T. ran away and climbed to steal yams from Mekir (a mythical beast); fell into an iron trap; Antelope believed that T. is the owner of the trap; T. pretended not to give it back, left Antelope in the trap, ran to M. and said that his trap was prey; Antelope promised M. to tell something, but T. insisted to immediately fill it with a stick; M. told him to cook meat; he stuffed his heart with bitter grass; M. tried it, refused to eat, all the meat went to T.]: Siebert 1921, No. 4:66-69; dan [young man - a liar, his father decides to kill him, leaves him in a basket by the river; a tobacco seller comes up; a young man says that when his sister is circumcised, he goes down the river and that they buy tobacco there; salesman takes his place in the basket, the young man throws it into the water; comes to his parents and says he has visited their parents; let the father go to them and the mother stay; brings his father to the river and throws him into the water; then comes to his mother: your father calls you; after getting rid of his parents, he becomes the head of the village]: Paulme 1976:206; Mandingo: Mendelssohn 1971:181-187; Soninke: Dantioko 1978:109-119; Cassonke: Monteil 1905:65-73; Kpelle [two brothers had the means to kill people; killed their father; came to the king, who gave them two chickens and two girls; they killed their wives, climbed a tree, they shouted that they were murderers, asking people to cut down a tree; they knocked him down, but the hawk picked up the brothers and carried them to the rock; the younger brother killed the hawk with a knife, the brothers fell and crashed; the turtle revived them, the eldest went down the river and the youngest went up; he came to a woman working in the field, asked her to kill and eat the turtle {the one that saved him}, they did; the woman asked her to watch over her child , fry a frog and give it a leg; the younger brother killed the child, fried the leg and gave it to the frog; came to the blacksmith, that woman's husband, asked him to sharpen the knife, cut off the blacksmith's scrotum; the wife, both began to cry; the husband took a basket of peanuts, went to look for the boys playing; asked who "did the big job" of them; one said he once stole rice and fish from his mother; blacksmith: not you; here is a villain boy spoke about his deeds; blacksmith: I adopt you, go into the basket so as not to walk; closed the basket; brought it to my wife to burn the villain in the field; their daughter asked him for peanuts, opened the basket The villain locked the girl in her; she screamed, but her father did not believe her and burned her; angry went out to her father and ran away]: Westermann 1924, No. 5:129-130; mosi: Sissao 2010, No. 27:71-74; senufo: Diep, Bamba 2007, No. 48:162-168; Dagari: Métuolé Somba 1991:21-24; catch-up [finding his lover's wife, the man put him in a wineskin and sent another to drown him; he went away out of need; in this Fulbe drove cattle; the man in the sack began to scream that he could no longer eat honey; the fulbe changed with him, drowned; the man brought his cattle, said that from the bottom; the husband asked him to drown him; since then young people are not drowned]: Paulme 1976:56.

Sudan - East Africa. Sarah (mbai) [Sou's wife Ba and little daughter Koro; when only K. is at home, a hare comes and asks what's in the bins; K. replies that her father's sesame seeds; the hare asks to lift the lid, eats up, then asks to let her go, runs away; the next day, Su tells her daughter not to let the hare go - stew will come out of it; the hare shows K. what the stew will come from, filling the calebass with his excrement; runs away; K. did not release him for the third time; Su tied the hare and began to feed him; he tells the hyena what a good life he has; the hyena has taken the place of the hare; Su and his wife think that the hare is fat and it's time for him kill; they argue like: Bah with a mortar or Soo with a saber; Ba hits hyenas, she escaped, ran away; the hare climbs a tree and screams that hunters are coming, the hyena is running, falls exhausted, the hare finished it off with a sword; so he became king of all medium-sized savannah inhabitants]: Fortier 1967, No. 16:255-261; Kalengin (kipsigis) [the hare's old grandmother can no longer walk to the field; the hare talks to friends when he returns home, says that he worked; after receiving millet to sow, he ate it; in the end, my grandmother came to see the field - there was nothing there; the hare ran away, began to steal millet from someone else's field, fell into a trap; pretended to he plays and likes him trapped; the monkey agreed to take his place; the hare ran to the host and said that the monkey that had ruined the field was caught; the owner beat her to death]: Chesaina 1997:60; amhara [one of the seven brothers is a dwarf, the others stabbed his bull; he hid mice, climbed a tree, shook off the mice at the merchants, who ran away, he took possession of their property, said he bought it, selling their skin; the brothers slaughtered their bulls, got nothing; burned down the dwarf's house; he collected ash in bags, sprinkled teff on top, stopped for the night; said that Negus flour had been stolen from him, changed ash and teff; the owner put flour in his bags; the brothers burned their houses, went to sell ash, they were beaten; the brothers put the dwarf in a basket, left him at the edge of the abyss; he replied to the traveler that he was sitting to to be cleansed of sins; the traveler swapped places with him, the brothers threw the basket into the abyss, the dwarf returned on the traveler's mule, said there were mules in the abyss; the brothers asked to throw them off, died]: Bystrov et al. 1962:46-49; Gankin 1979, No. 29 [the man commissioned the monkey to make honey; the monkey ate honey, filled the jug with manure, some honey on top; said she didn't do it; the man tells all the monkeys jump over the ditch; the perpetrator refused - she is wearing her mother's dress, it gets under her feet; the man tied a monkey, goes for a stick; the monkey replies to the hyena that she is being forced to eat and drink, the hyena asks switch places; tells the person that he is hungry and thirsty; he hits her with a stick, then lets her go; the hyena grabs the monkey; she says that if you throw it up, its heart and liver will fall out of it; the hyena throws, the monkey runs away]: 46-47; the tiger [the fox insists on going with the elephant, who doubts that the fox will survive the journey; tells the fox several times where to look for water, the fox drinks and falls asleep a well; an elephant allows him to get into it through his stomach through his anus, there is water; the second time the fox says that it cannot go back through the anus - it gets dirty; the same through his mouth, leg, ear, etc.; the elephant rushes into the abyss, the fox remains unharmed; meets merchants and its relative; directs them to the elephant's carcass, while he drinks the oil they left behind, puts his crap instead, only There is oil left in a relative's wineskin; merchants collect foxes, tell me to jump over a spear, he can't drink oil; he was tied to a tree, went for a rod; fox jackal: I was tied for not wanting to be the chief; the jackal swapped places with the fox, who took his sheep and harp; the jackals were beaten, then they realized the mistake and let him go]: Littmann 1910, No. 13:14-18; Arusha [the lion told the hyena to watch him as a child, warned not to get a bone; the hyena gnaws bones, the fragment flies off, kills the lion cub; the hyena pretends to be sleeping; has to admit that the lion cub is dead; eats it; the lion goes for beat a hyena with a stick; she tells another hyena that they want to force her to drink fat; she stays in her place, the lion beats her to death]: Arewa 1961, No. 855:54-55; Malgashi [Kutufetsi and Mahaka offer themselves in field workers; the owner sends them to his wife for shovels; they tell her that her husband ordered to give them a hundred piastres; the wife does not believe; K. and M. shout to the owner: she does not want to give; he in response: give them; deception opened up, the owner ordered to catch the deceivers, sew them into a mat and drown them; the workers decided to have breakfast first; K. and M. began to bleat, the old woman opened the bag to get the lamb, K. and M. sewed it there herself; the old woman was drowned]: Rodman 1965:218-219; Sudanese Arabs [the guy puts coins under the donkey's tail, goes with him, coins fall, the merchant buys a donkey; he leaves only manure; the merchant goes to the guy; he takes a deer, tells his mother to bring food when he lets go of the deer; the merchant comes in, the guy offers lunch, lets the deer go, the mother brings food in a minute; the merchant buys a deer; sends it instructing his wife to cook breakfast; the deer runs away into the desert; the merchant sees his wife sleeping, kills; the guy tells his mother to say that he is dead, bury him, leaving a hole; the merchant looks into him, boy cuts off his nose with scissors; the merchant carries the boy in the bag to drown, stops, falls asleep; the guy tells the shepherd that he is sitting in a bag because he refuses to marry his cousin; the shepherd changes with him In some places, a boy brings a herd of goats; the merchant and other residents threw their sons into the river to bring goats from the bottom]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 55:192-194.

North Africa. Kabila: Arezki 2010 [an orphan lives with an uncle and aunt; an aunt tells her husband to take him to the forest and tie him to a tree; an orphan tells the shepherd that he is voluntarily attached because the tree is young - he was like that As old as a shepherd; the shepherd allows himself to be tied, the orphan brings his herd; the aunt now tells the husband to drown the orphan; he tells the young man that he is being forced to marry, the young man climbs into the bag, drowned at sea, an orphan brought his herd; his aunt believes that the herd is from the bottom; one by one she sends her sons, her husband follows her; they are all drowned, the orphan has taken possession of everything]: 39-42; Reesink 1977 [Teigneux, his the father is dead, he has a calf; his uncle has two oxen; he sends him to herd an ox and a calf; the oxen are skinny, the calf is getting fat; uncle: look, boar! T. shot - it turned out to be his calf, he killed him; T. took off his skin; when it smelled, he carried it to the bazaar, threw it away on the way, and threw 10 su to a man with 40 reais at the bazaar; began to shout that 40 reais and 10 su had been stolen from him; he was told to give T. all his money; T. told his uncle that he sold the skin, the more smelly the more expensive; his uncle stabbed his oxen; he was driven out of the bazaar with sticks; his uncle took him to the sea to drown; T. walked in front and told the shepherd that they wanted to give him a car, but he was afraid; the shepherd went instead of him, sat by the sea, wearing burnus T., his uncle drowned him; T. brought the herd: with bottom; uncle also wants to get sheep; T.: throw a dog into the sea; she drowned; T.: she is the one who eats sheep; uncle threw his wife into the sea; understood the deception, chased T., tied him to a tree in the forest; an old man comes; T.: me too was old and younger; the old man untied him and let himself be tied; taking the old man's mule and money, T. returned to his uncle; they began to live separately without interfering with each other]: 144-147;; the Arabs of Libya [when Si'Djeha is still very young, he herded cows and his calf among them; he was the most fat; he came back one day, and his calf was eaten by his neighbors; S. went to sell his skin, got one small coin; drilled a hole in it and tied a red thread; on the road, two were sharing the gold they had found; S. quietly threw up his coin, said that his gold, the two of them saw the coin, believed, gave S. half of the gold; when he returned, he said that he received money for the skin; relatives slaughtered their cattle; S. advised not to rub salt into their skins; the skins rotted; such sellers were beaten at the bazaar; they put S. in a bag, carried drown; tired, asked the shepherd to give them milk; fell asleep; S. shepherd out of a bag: here I am reading the book of fate; the shepherd asked permission to change places; he was drowned in the sea; S. brought the herd - at the bottom a lot of cattle; we must put the children in bags, throw them into the sea, they will bring cattle in the evening; after that, relatives left S. tied to a tree in the desert; a rider drove up; S. told him that he was a century old old man, and this tree is younger; the rider changed places and clothes with S.]: Bushnaq 1987:266-269; Berbers of Morocco, Arabs of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt: El-Shamy 2004, № 1535:842-843.

Southern Europe. Spaniards (Murcia) [a deceiver sells a hat that supposedly pays itself; a donkey that weeds gold; a postman hare; in most versions, he hides a vessel of wine or bleeding under his shirt the animal's liver, stabs a knife, plays the flute, the wife "resurrects", the husband sells the flute, the buyers kill the wives; the deceiver is put in a bag, carried to drown, left for a while; he screams that he does not want to marry on the princess, the shepherd takes his place, drowned, the deceiver drives sheep - supposedly from the bottom; the deceiver's counterparties jump into the water and drown]: Hernández Fernández 2013, No. 1535+1539:228, 231; Aragon [the poor farmer makes it so that the rich man kills his horse {obviously the story of the allegedly sold skin} and his wife; the rich man believes that the poor donkey defecates with gold; after all the rich is going to drown the poor, but leaves the bag by the river; the poor screams that he does not want to be king, the shepherd climbs into the bag instead of him, is drowned; the poor man brings sheep, says he received each for every stone that a rich man threw on a drowned bag]: González Sanz 1996, No. 1535:123-124; the Portuguese [a rich farmer imitates a poor man, loses; manure sold under the guise of an ointment; the rich kills the poor man's horse; burns his house, he deceives ash for gold, says he sold ash; enters the house where the mistress takes his lover with her skin; pretends that the skin indicates where food is hidden, lover {obviously the skin is sold for a lot of money}; a rich man cuts his cows (horse), kills his wife (mother) to sell fat as a healing ointment; the poor are carried in a bag to drown, he changes in places with a shepherd, {drives the herd - supposedly from the bottom}, the rich man drowns; other motives: the animal supposedly wears gold; the hat pays its debts; an imaginary magic object revives the dead; the postman hare; the dead the body is passed off as alive]: Cardigos 2006, No. 1535+1537:316-318; Sicilians: Crane 1885, No. 105:303-308; Gonzenbach 2004a [1870], No. 41:269-273; Italians (Marche) [widower and widow married, they are daughters; stepmother sends stepdaughter to get water, giving her a basket; the basket fell into the river, the girl followed her; the old woman asks to clean her back from insects, asks what is there; the girl: diamonds and pearls; old woman: you will have diamonds and pearls; the same when an old woman asks to clean her bed (roses and jasmine), sweep the floor (rubies and cherubs); a girl chooses a dress, simpler jewelry, gets gold and diamond; the old woman tells her not to look back when the girl hears the roar of a donkey, but to look back at the cry of a rooster; then a star appears in her forehead; stepmother sends her own daughter; she does everything with disgusted and speaks directly about it; old woman: you will have it; chooses the expensive, gets cheap; the old woman tells you to look back at the donkey's cry, the girl has a donkey tail on her forehead; the prince sees her stepdaughter, takes her wife; stepmother asks her to get into the tank to clean it, goes for boiling water; her daughter asks what her stepdaughter is doing in the tank; she: I will be passed off as a prince; my own daughter takes her place to marry prince, her mother poured boiling water on her; the girl's father beat his wife to death]: Calvino 1980, No. 95, No. 95:353-355; Corsicans [the widow has a son Muschinu (the name of the insect pest olive); he sold a cow, took off the skin, filled it with bees; asked to let him spend the night; at this time the priest comes to the hostess; the husband came, the curé jumped out the window; M. says that thanks to cow's skin, he can guess and predict; knocks Bees are buzzing on her, he says where food, wine, money are hidden; sells skin for 40 francs; advises to open it in the presence of his wife, but closing the windows and doors; the bees bit his wife and then her husband to death; M. says at home that he received the money by selling her skin; neighbors slaughtered cows; they came to kill M., but stabbed his mother; M. brings her to a crowded place, as if selling eggs; the rich man pushed her, believed that killed, paid 1000 francs; M. says they give good money for the dead; people killed old people, barely escaped from prison; M. was stuffed into a bag, carried to drown, left for a while; he shouts that he did not wants to marry a princess; a pig merchant takes his place; he was drowned, M. brought pigs, said he was from the seabed; neighbors and their wives jumped into the water and drowned]: Massignon 1984, No. 106:244 -247; ladins [two brothers inherited only a bunch of potsherds; one threw away his own and put the other in his money belt; staying overnight, he demanded a safe room: he had 2,000 with him guilders; at night he opened the door slightly and threw away the shards; the owner was frightened and gave 2,000 guilders; believing that he would return for the money, the man heated the pan, then put it on the ground and poured the soup; the owner He gave the inn another 2,000 guilders for a frying pan; for a thousand people he sold him a box containing animals defecating in gold; the owner found only two dead lice there; then sold two wasps - animals of love, must be put under the bed; they bit the couple; the owner put the man in a barrel, took him to drown, stopped to listen to mass; the hell pulled the man out, climbed into the barrel himself, and he got oxen are a trait; a man told the owner that there are a lot of cattle at the bottom of the lake; the owner and the rest of the inhabitants jumped into the water and drowned]: Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 125:327-331; Basques Barbier 1931, No. 6 [ the king comes; the man, having removed the cauldron from the fire, takes it out into the yard, says that he cooks the pot himself; the king buys it for a lot of money; the man negotiates with his wife; let him tie a wineskin to his chest with red wine; when the king comes and becomes angry, accuses his wife, stabs her with a knife, wine will flow, which the king will take for blood, and the husband revives his wife by hanging on the whistle; the king buys a whistle, stabbed wife, but she did not come to life; the king orders the man to be put in a bag, drowned; the servants left the bag in front of the tavern; the man screams that she wants to marry the princess; the shepherd swapped places with him, man brought him sheep, told the king that he had caught them at the bottom of the sea; the shepherd was thrown into the sea; the man explains that he was choosing sheep, the king would not get them; the king drowned]: 90-93; Cerquand 1876, No. 24 ( French Baskonia) [the father bequeathed two bulls to his two eldest sons, and the youngest cow named Gillen pec; he stabbed a cow, went to sell the skin; came to his leather uncle; noticed; when the hostess knocked, the hostess opened it, and someone hid in the chest; an uncle came, paid for the skin and offered more money; G. refused, but asked to give him the chest; threw it into the stream; he was in the chest screamed, paid a lot of money to let G. release him and not tell anyone what had happened; the brothers were surprised that G. had received so much money for the skin; their mother had just died; G. brought the body to church , told Curie that his mother was deaf; he asked how long the old woman had been in confession, pushed her, she fell; G. demanded payment for the murder, received a lot of money, buried his mother in the cemetery; told the brothers he sold the body; the brothers killed their wives, but no one bought the dead; at the inn, the brothers put G. in a bag, began to eat dinner; G. said he would not take 2000 ECU; the servant changed with him in some places; G. drove his herd to the river; his brothers asked him where the herd came from; G.: from the bottom; the brothers jumped into the water and drowned]: 12-16.

Western Europe. Medieval Latin (11th century, possibly 10th century) [The poor man had only one ox, which was dead, the man sold his skin; on the way back he found a treasure, asked the rich man in the village for bread to buy money; he was suspected of stealing and arrested; he said that he received a lot of money for the skin of an ox; then the usual motives about a mare defecating with chervonets and a Sunday flute; the deceived put the deceiver in a barrel and carried him to the sea; on the way went into the pub; a shepherd and the herd approached; a rogue in a sack screams, "I don't want to be superior"; an ambitious shepherd took his place, etc. as usual]: Cosquin 1886:227 (translated to Sumtsov 2015:135); Bretons: Luzel 1870 [the poor miller owed the master; returning from hunting, he killed his cow; the miller went to sell his skin, spent the night in a tree in the forest; the skin is black and with horns; under a tree The robbers gathered to share the money; the miller skinned them, the robbers thought it was hell, ran away, leaving the money; the miller brought it home in his shoes; sent his wife to the master to measure the money, said he received them by selling their skins; the master ordered all the cattle to be slaughtered, sent servants to sell their skins, they were beaten; the miller tied a gut with blood to his wife's neck, called the master for dinner; said he could kill his wife and revive him by playing the violin; the gentleman asked for the violin, promising to exempt the miller from tax for two years; the gentleman stabbed his wife, could not revive it; the miller boiled a boiler of water, put it in the middle yard, convinced the gentleman that the boiler itself was boiling without firewood; the gentleman gave the miller two more years of tax exemption, took the boiler, but he did not boil himself; the gentleman and his servant put the miller in a bag, carried to drown, left for a while; when he hears that the merchant has come up, the miller shouts that he will not marry the master's daughter; the merchant was drowned, the miller took his horses and goods; tells the master that he has found everything on at the bottom, and if he were drowned away, he would take out the gold; the servant jumped into the pond first; the master thought he was waving to him, jumped after him; both drowned]: 85-103 (=1887.3, No. 4:414-425); Sébillot 1910, No. 34 (published in 1879) [Païfin pretended to kill his wife; in the presence of a neighbor he played the oboe, the wife "resurrected"; the neighbor borrowed an oboe, stabbed his women, but they did not resurrect; the neighbors put P. in the box, carried him to drown, but they left the box and went to eat; as the rider approached, P. asked him to pull him out of the box, and then stuffed the man who had released him into it; he was drowned; P. came to the neighbors and said that there was a lot at the bottom money; they allowed them to be drowned], 35 (western in 1879) [the miller's cow entered the master's meadow a second time and he killed her; the miller went to sell the skin, did not sell it, returned with the skin over his shoulders, and the horns on head; the robbers saw, thought that hell, they ran away, leaving gold; the miller asks the master to measure the money; he got it by selling the skin; the gentleman slaughtered all the cows, nothing for the skins received; the miller whips the pot so that it could cook without fire; the gentleman bought a whip, beat the pot in vain; the miller bought a wolf and told the master that it was a ram (chie-brebis); the gentleman bought it, that he slaughtered all his sheep; the gentleman put the miller in a bag, carried him to drown him, left him; the miller shouts that he did not want to marry the master's daughter; the copperman took his place, drowned; the miller said that all He got the dishes carried by the copperman at the bottom; the gentleman allowed himself to be drowned]: 135-137, 138-141; the Irish [Gilla Rua (GR, "Red") bought a mule at the bazaar; three crooks take turns meeting him and talking that this is not a mule, but a donkey, then {there is no pdf page}; GR (apparently having agreed with his wife and buying two goats) pretends that the goat is one, but can serve on parcels; invites crooks home; the wife says that the goat came and ordered to cook dinner for the guests; crooks buy a goat for crazy money; the goat was sent to their wives and disappeared; the crooks go to beat GR, hear a scream; GK is chasing with with a knife for his wife: she is to blame for the goat story; strikes, blood gushes, wife falls; (apparently, there is a blood bubble under his wife's clothes); GR plays the flute, the wife came to life; the crooks bought a flute, stabbed a pig, but it didn't come to life; they caught GR, carried him to drown it in a bag; hung it on a branch and went for a drink; two chase a herd of sheep; GR screams that he was being forced to marry a princess; the shepherds released GR. replaced with sheep; all three drove the herd, met crooks; GR says the herd is from the bottom, he is being helped to drive him home; {the page is not in pdf; apparently the crooks drowned}]: Kennedy 1875:99-103; Alsatians [the poor man planted turnips, they grew gigantic, he took them to the king, received gold; the rich man brought gold to the king, thinking he would get even more, but he gave him giant turnips; the rich man hired To kill the poor man; they hung him, but when they heard that someone was coming, they left him in a bag on the tree; the poor man told the student he was sitting in a bag of knowledge; he asked him to be planted; the poor man left the student hanging in a bag, drove off on his horse]: Lefftz 2006, No. 17:225-228; the Germans [the peasant asks the godfather to make a heifer out of wood; the shepherd took her into the herd, but the heifer is gone, the peasant got a live cow for her; stabbed her and went to sell her skin; on the way he saw a crow with a broken wing, wrapped it in its skin; went to spend the night at the mill; the miller was not at home; the mill decided that the guest fell asleep, a pop came to her, they began to feast; when her husband came, she hid her ass and pickles; the husband asks what the guest has in his shoes; he replies that he is a predictor, but predicts no more than four times; the crow stings, he croaks; wine under the pillow, the roast in the stove, the salad on the bed, the pies under the bed; the miller wants to know the fifth; the guest: hell in the closet; the pop ran away; the miller bought a crow for a lot of money; The chief summoned the farmer: why did he get rich? he replies that he sold cowhide; the peasants slaughtered the cows, but no one bought the skins; they went to drown the deceiver in a barrel of holes; left for a while; the pop began to read the funeral; promised to help to the peasant, since he freed him from the closet; the shepherd drives the herd, the peasant shouts that he does not want to be the head, the shepherd took his place; he was drowned, the peasant brought the herd, said that from the bottom; the elder the first one threw himself into the water when he saw the reflection of the clouds - lambs; the whole village was behind him; that peasant got it all]: Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 61:227-231 (=Grimm, Grimm 1987:187-193); French (Lorraine) ): Cosquin 1886:108-111 [When poor René's cow died, he went to town to sell the skin and carried it with his head; walking through the forest, he frightened the robbers who were sharing the money; when they saw the horns, they decided that the devil was approaching them and ran away; taking the money, R. bought a donkey and fed him a few coins; soon people began to say that R.'s donkey was defecating with gold; the senor bought it for a lot of money; when he realized that he had been deceived, he went to R.; he extinguished the fire under the boiler, pretending that the cauldron was cooking by itself: I had to put it on the roof and hit it with a stick; the senor came again to sort it out; R. before that tied a gut in blood to his wife's throat; in front of the señor, told his wife to dance, she refused, he pretended to stab her; when he whistled, the wife came to life; the senor bought a whistle and stabbed his wife; together with the servants, he tied R. up and took him on the cart to drown; they left for a while, and R. shouted that he did not want to be a priest because he was illiterate; the shepherd took his place, drowned, R. went to the herd; senor and servants asked them to drown, R. became rich], 223-225 [Richedeau, a poor man with many children, sent his son to a wealthy neighbor to measure the money; when he returned it, the neighbor found three louidors stuck to the bottom; R. said that he sold the cow's skin for louidor for villi; the rich man slaughtered all the cattle, sent servants to sell their skins, they were ridiculed; the rich man ran to R., who told his wife to pretend to be dead, the rich man left; when he saw his wife R. was healthy, she said how her husband taught her: he blew in her ear and she came to life; the rich man killed his wife, but could not revive her; ordered R. to be put in a bag, drowned in a pond; when the bag was brought, the bells rang - time to bury the rich man's wife; everyone ran there; a shepherd came up; R.: they want to make me a curé and keep me in a bag until I learn "Our Father"; the shepherd said that he knew "Our Father" by heart, exchanged places with R.; drowned; R. returned with sheep, said he had caught them at the bottom; the rich man saw the reflection of sheep in the water, jumped into the pond, drowned], 229-230 [the girl does not want to go to school, runs away from home, capturing a speaker a crow; in one house she peeks through the door crack, sees the mistress with her lover; when her husband returns, the girl offers him to buy her prophetic bird; the raven croaks, the girl explains what he says, where food, wine and lover are hidden; the husband gives a lot of money for the crow, loads it on a donkey, which he also gives to the girl; she sold the donkey for a lot of money, saying that he is wasting money; comes to his stepmother, asks Measure money; when the measure returns, the stepmother finds the louidors stuck; then other episodes, including a character in a bag who screams he doesn't want to be bishop]; Sébillot 1894, No. 52 []: 343 ; wallons: Laport 1932, no.* 1535B [in the 12th century. Vancent Lefebvre was a sacristy in Busu; in Mons he bought a mule, and on his way home he came across three crooks who claimed that he had bought a donkey; he ended up leaving a donkey for the last one; realizing that he had been deceived, VL bought identical white goats; left one at home, and the other went to meet the crooks, invited him to lunch: the goat would tell his wife to wait for guests and cook; when at home near the VL The crooks saw a goat (it seems to be the same one), they bought it for a lot of money; the crooks come to the VL's house; he pretends to cut off on the servant, stabs him, he falls; (in fact, VL in advance tied a blood bubble for him); VL plays the flute, the servant "comes to life"; crooks buy a flute; one stabbed his wife, the other stabbed his widow; they put the VL in a bag, carried it to drown (left for a while); hearing that the shepherd drives the herd, VL screams that he does not want to marry the count's daughter; the shepherd climbed into the bag instead of him, drowned; VL brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the crooks let them drown], *1535C [poor man Rougecul took out grass that had grown to heaven; St. Peter gave him a whistle that revives the dead; the king sends his men to buy a whistle; R. hides it in the hay, ties his wife a blood bubble himself, pretends to kill and revive; the king cut half of his troops; R. came back to St. Peter, he gave him a donkey that defecates in gold and silver; his stepmother brought him to R. and the king tells him to drown; the messengers left the bag for a while, R. tricked the shepherd to switch places, shepherd drowned, R. brought a herd; the king drowned with all his men]: 112-113, 113-114; Bretons (western 1879) [Païfin pretended to kill his wife; in the presence of a neighbor he played the oboe, the wife "resurrected"; the neighbor borrowed an oboe, stabbed his women, but they did not resurrect; the neighbors put P. in the box, carried him to drown, but they left the box and went to eat; as the rider approached, P. asked him to pull him out of the box, and then stuffed the man who had released him into it; he was drowned; P. came to the neighbors and said that there was a lot at the bottom money; they allowed them to be drowned]: Sébillot 1910, No. 34:135-137.

Western Asia. The Palestinians [tired of Juha's tricks, neighbors tied him to a tree until midnight; D. told the shepherd passing by that he was tied for refusing to eat sugar; the shepherd exchanged seats and clothes with him; the shepherd was thrown into the sea; D. brought sheep to the village, as if donated by genies; those who jump off a cliff into the sea, genies will also give sheep; Juha's enemies jumped into the sea and drowned]: Hanauer 2009:93-94; Arameans [Johi feeds his fellow villagers, who still call him by that name ("rogue"); he took two cowhides, a bag full of earth, and a pipe, and began playing to the caravans, warning that the bag was full with money; he emptied it at night and threw it to donkeys; the merchant gave him back his bag of money; J. said that he earned money by selling two skins in Mosul; but they don't need to be salted; people stabbed thieves, took them to the proj the skins, they rotted; J. was chased, he changed clothes with the shepherd, he was beaten and drowned, J. brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; all the men rushed into the lake, drowned; and the wives believed that they had drowned out of greed, because they grabbed too many rams]: Belov, Wilsker 1960:272-276; the Arabs of Iraq [the farmer sent his son to sell the buffalo, and 40 Egyptian crooks said it was a goat, paid accordingly; the peasant trained the cat as if it were obeying orders; in front of the crooks, he told her to bring a stick, then bring her clothes, the cat does everything; the crooks bought the cat for expensive, she ran away from them; they came to the peasant to demand the money back, and he put the money under the tail of the horse; the crooks believed that the horse was defecating with gold, bought it; when they discovered the deception, they came to a peasant; he tied his wife's blood-filled guts around his neck, agreed on what to do; pretended to be dissatisfied with the food, stabbed his wife, bleed, the wife fell; he put her in a cane in the ass, blew, the wife "came to life"; the crooks bought a cane, killed their wives, they did not come to life; they sewed the peasant into a bag, left; he shouted that he did not want to marry his uncle's daughter; shepherd agrees to change places with him, is thrown into the well; the peasant comes with the herd, says he has found it in the well; the crooks asked them to be thrown there; the peasant to his son: all the wealth went for buffalo]: Weissbach 1908, No. 19:120-126 (translated to Lebedev 1990, No. 49:234-237); North Yemen (to NW from Sana'a, 2000): Al-Baydhani 2008:23-29; Mehri: Stroomer 1999, No. 20:41-47; jibbali [the hyena saw a fox on an island in the pond; the fox said it was given food here; the hyena took her place, was beaten; the hyena took out a basket of dates, the fox stole them; the hyena caught the fox, told to guard the daughter, went to buy firewood to burn the fox; the fox promised the hyena's daughter food, she untied her, the fox ran away]: Müller 1907, No. 7:15-17.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Lepcha: Stocks 1925, No. XXX: 438-441; khasi [the fox stole the chief's chickens; he was caught, put in an iron cage; at night a vagabond came up, expelled from a neighboring state for some misdemeanor; the fox tells him he is locked up because he does not want to marry the chief's daughter; fortunetellers said she will recover if a local man marries her by tomorrow evening; he But (the fox) already has a wife; the tramp changes places with the fox, gives the fox a mirror on a silver chain; the tiger he meets sees his reflection in him, thinks that he has a terrible beast in front of him, runs away; since then, the tigers they do not attack foxes; once the fox ran away from the hunters, his mirror was carried away by the river; but the white spot on the fox's chest remained]: Rafy 1920:123-127; Meitei [from N. Bemni Saingha's book; royal elephant lost his way in the forest and died; a couple of foxes climbed inside the carcass to eat meat; when they tried to get out, it turned out that the carcass had dried up; the fox, on behalf of the elephant, called the king's people for help: members hardened; when the elephant's carcass was rubbed with oil; the fox jumped out and ran away, but the fox was captured; the king ordered his head to be cut off; for the night the fox was left tied in the stable; the jackal came; the fox: they want to marry me on the princess; the jackal gladly took the place of the fox and was beheaded in the morning]: Oinam et al. s.a; lhota [people are tired of Apfuho's tricks; they shake him over the pond, leave him on a swing, he must fall into water; A. sees a man and a woman, they are wearing jewelry, they are leading a buffalo mitan; A. pretends to be pleasant to swing; a man and a woman swing, fall, drown; A. tells residents that he took out jewelry and buffalo from the pond; everyone asks to throw them off the swing into the pond, they drown]: Mills 1922:178-180; Western rengmas [outraged by Che's antics, people put him on a swing above the pond, he must fall, drown ; husband and wife come up with rich decorations; Che tells us how good it is to swing; the couple stop the swing, sit down themselves, drown in the pond, Che picks up the jewelry, says he got it at the bottom; all people They also want to touch, some just jump into the water, everyone drowned; Che was holding his jewelry above the water at that time, people saw their reflection]: Mills 1937:255-256; angami [the man put ash under the saddle; the other asked to lend the horse to his tired mother; first: but then all my money would turn into ash; the second promises to reimburse everything in this case; when the woman got down, ash, her son, was under the saddle He sold the field and the house; the cunning man told the others that he had sold ash; they burned down their houses, but no one bought ash; but the cunning man received the ash this way; his brother was the chief; the leader's cattle fell into the abyss; their skins were ripped off, they hung it on a tree for the night, began to dry it over the fire; people gathered to warm up, the branch broke off, everyone ran away, leaving money; the cunning man took the money, said he got it by slaughtering cattle and selling their skins; people slaughtered the cattle but could not sell their skins; then they burned down the cunning man's house; they tied them up to drown them, left them for a while; he began to sing; the shepherd liked it; the cunning man promised to teach him if he will untie it and let him be tied; the shepherd was drowned]: Hutton 1915, No. 22:82-83; Mikir [the widow has a son and six brothers; the uncles put the peaks higher up the river, and the young man is lower and poorly made; but at the top only crayfish hit the uncle, and his nephew's top is full of fish; so many times; even when he left the top on the shore, a wild dove was caught in it; out of envy, his nephew's only calf was killed; he took off the skin, and hid one leg in the brahmana's house; told him he smelled beef; found meat; fearing shame (cows should not be killed), the brahmana gave a bag of silver; the young man asked his mother to take a measuring bag from his uncle a basket; they saw that he was measuring money; said that he sold beef, advised him to sell that brahmana in the village; all the residents there were brahmanas, they beat the brothers; they burned down his house; he sold ash the villagers, where everyone has sore eyes; advised them to rub them in their eyes; uncles burned down their houses, came to that village to sell ash; they were beaten and rubbed ash in their eyes; they put their nephew in iron the cage to drown in the river, but they left for a while; the prince came up, the young man said he was caged because he did not want to marry his uncle's charming daughter; the prince exchanged places and clothes with him, gave the jewelry; the prince was drowned; the nephew came to the uncles in a luxurious outfit, said he had received it from his late grandparents at the bottom of the river; uncles told them to drown them; when bubbles appeared, nephew told those standing on the shore that the drowned man had been given beer to vomit; the young man became rich]: Stack, Lyall 1908, No. 2:48-55; garo [Gangbo Nokma is rich and smart; envious neighbors agreed to burn him in his house, but the GN found out, took it out and hid everything valuable in advance and took the family out; after the fire, he collected the ash in bags and said that he was going to sell it; he threw the ash into the river himself, dug up valuables, and when he returned, said he got them by selling ash; the neighbors burned their houses; in order to take revenge, they slaughtered the GNA's cattle; agreed to give him their skins; the GN dried them, made holes and pretended to be lucky to sell them; told the rich to a farmer who bought any skins; asked for water; he sent him to his house; Mr. told the peasant's children that their father told him to give him all the money and jewelry; the children called their father, asking again ; farmer: yes, give it back; he thought it was water; in his village, GNP showed the money: it was obtained for their skins; neighbors killed their cows, removed and perforated their skins; they laughed at them; Mr. offered to buy expensive fabric on credit; showed the owner a rich house - supposedly his, but in fact a stranger; said that his name would not give, and his father's name could not give; dressed up in purchased fabric like a groom for a wedding; the neighbors put him in a basket, carried him to drown him; left him by the pond and went to eat; the shepherd drove the herd away; the GNR said they wanted to force him to marry the king's daughter; the shepherd agreed to climb into the basket instead; GN brought the herd and said it was from the bottom; the neighbors allowed themselves to be drowned, all went to GN]: Rongmuthu 1960:11-19.

Burma - Indochina. Monks: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 156:379-384; Burmese [lazy man lives with his mother; boys killed his buffalo, ate his meat, tied his skin to a rope; mother sent her son to sell his skin; by On the way, he climbed the banyan; under the banyan, three robbers began to share their loot; the lazy man fell with his skin in fear, the robbers ran away, he took their money, said that he had received it for his skin; the peasants stabbed their buffaloes in vain; tied the lazy man to the platform to later kill him; he told the rider passing by that he did not want to be the headman; he allowed him to be tied up, and the lazy man rode away on his horse]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 122:290-291; palaung [the king asks the deceiver Aki to deceive him; he promises to bring him news from his deceased father; A. is tied on a platform above the hot a source for 7 days with water and drink; after that he will be thrown into boiling water; he tells a passing merchant that he has healed his eyes when attached; the merchant also has sore eyes, he agrees to switch places with A.; thrown into boiling water; A. took his money and horses; comes to the king, staples, from the dead with rich gifts; says that the king's late father asks for a basket of lead; the king allows tie himself, lead on it, he drowns in a hot spring; A. hollowed out a cavity in a banyan, broadcasts from there, supposedly on behalf of the king, tells him to make King A.; wives doubt, but A. told the servants at night run around the palace, making terrible sounds; said that the nats of the village demand that A. be king; he became king]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 143:326-330; Viets: Nikulin 1970:90-95; Muong: Nikulin 1970:129-131; ahem: Lindell et al. 1978, No. 3:50-62; Khmers: Marunova 1972 [stepson buried coins under a plane tree and told his stepmother as if he had a dream: there is a treasure under the plane tree; left his stepmother at the plane tree, and went for a spade; in fact, he ate a pig she had prepared for herself with his friends; the stepmother complained to her brother; he stuffed his nephew into a bag, dragged him to drown ; the nephew asked for his book of lies; at that time a leper was walking; the boy said that he also suffered from leprosy, but after sitting in a bag he recovered; the leper climbed into the bag instead of him; uncle beat the bag with a stick and drowned it; the lie became friends with another lie, and then they were imprisoned]: 99-102; Sumtsov 2015 [the mother decided to drown her naughty son; he cunningly lures a leper into the bag, saying that a person sitting in a bag is healed of leprosy, but at the same time he must patiently endure abuse and beatings]: 134.

South Asia. Sindhi [a young man makes a drink from hemp seeds, the jackal steals it; a man catches him, ties him to a pole, feeds him, but hits him every morning with an old shoeblet; other jackals send an old respected man to find out what's going on; a tied jackal praises the owner, who feeds him for free, the visitor asks him to switch seats; when a man comes to beat him, the old jackal asks him to let him go - he is not a thief, but a friend of the jackal king; the man lets go; the jackal offered to fulfill his wish; the man asked him to marry the king's eldest daughter; says that another king asks his eldest daughter, otherwise he will go to war; the king agrees to give his daughter; the jackal tells the young man to sell both cows and buy good clothes; on the bridge, the jackal tells the young man to wait - he will send him a horse, but let the young man refuse and demand elephant; tells the king that the wedding procession that arrived along the river drowned, only one groom has escaped; the young man sends back a horse, a camel, arrives on an elephant; in the palace the young man behaves strangely; the vizier advises send him to bring a sea horse - if he is not a real king, his horse will kill him; the jackal tells the young man to climb a tree by the sea; the jackal chased the horse until he was exhausted and the young man was able to sit on it; out of fear, he grabbed the tree, tore it out, came to the king on horseback with a tree in his hands; the vizier recognized him as a hero, the king married him to his daughter, built a palace for the young; the jackal returned to the thickets]: Schimmel 1995 , No. 31:205-212; himachali plowmen [the jackal eats the poor weaver's food; he catches him, ties him, hits him with mortal combat; the tied one tells another jackal that he is being fed to the dump; the other jackal changes places with him; when the weaver starts beating him, he promises to marry him to a princess; he becomes a brahmana, comes to the king, says that his daughter is being married to a rich Raja from the weaver caste; buys white sheets, cotton wool, lays out sheets by the river, the Raja believes that these are the groom's tents; the jackal throws cotton wool into the river, tells the Raja that the groom's retinue has drowned; the weaver marries the princess, stays with her in the palace; his wife forces him to tell the truth; his wife always tells his father-in-law to agree; the Raja tells him to go to war, his son-in-law chooses a three-horse (he will limp, no one will understand that he is unfit rider); this is a flying horse, the Raja admires his son-in-law's insight; in order not to fall, he ties himself to the horse, adding a millstone on both sides; tree branches become entangled in the harness, enemies are frightened when in the form of a strange rider, make peace]: Dracott 1906:125-131; Kumaoni [Bhawáni is hard-working, his half-brother Shankar is lazy and envious; killed ox B.; he covered his skin with sand, climbed into the forest on the tree, the robbers stopped under the tree, B. threw off his skin, the robbers ran away, leaving the loot; B. said he sold the skin at a high price; S. stabbed his oxen, went to sell their skins with with sand, he was beaten; he killed B.'s mother and burned down his house; B. collected ash in bags, carried it with his mother's body; towards a rich man, decided to eat together; B. asked for food to his mother, she is silent, man threw a plate at her, her body fell, he paid for the murder; B. told his brother that he had sold his mother's body and ash; that S. did not receive money for the skins because he did not choose the right time; S. turned to the pandita, burned down the house, killed his mother, took him to sell, he was beaten; S. put B. in a bag, dragged him to drown, left the bag by the river; B. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in Shiva's magic bag; the shepherd changed places drowned; B. brought the herd, said that from the bottom, that S.'s mother was sending greetings; S. gave B. all his cattle to throw them into the water; drowned]: Crooke 1895, No. 198:82-83; Nepali [jackal the "hawk" shouted, while he was stealing chickens; people agreed to see if the jackal was grabbed, dragged to execution; when dragged along the grass, he screams "in pain", when he pretends to be happy on the stones; he is deliberately dragged along the grass; he is hung, beaten, he swells; a bear is walking, the jackal pretends to be happy; apparently reluctantly allows the bear to untie him, hangs him instead of himself, runs away; the bear heavy, the noose immediately strangled him; the jackal found the elephant's soaked carcass, climbed inside and ate; the sun came out, the carcass dried up, the jackal could not get out; Mahadeva and Parvati came up; the jackal screams from the elephant's carcass that it was he is M., and if he wants to prove otherwise, let it rain; the rain poured in, the carcass got wet, the jackal ran away, climbed into a hole under the wall; M. grabbed his leg, the jackal asked why he grabbed the root; M. let go of the jackal's paw, he ran away; M. put a figure smeared with bird glue in his way, gave sugar in his hand; the jackal began to ask for sugar, the figure is silent, he hits her, stuck with all his limbs; at the request of P. M. freed the jackal, made him his companion]: Heunemann 1980, No. 24:166-169; chhattisgarhi (Bilaspur) [the elephant invited the jackal to ride it to find food; he noticed a sugar field reeds; the jackal was full and thirsty; the elephant offered to see if the cranes (they are where the water is) could be seen, but the cranes were not visible; then he offered to climb into his belly, there was water; warned not look up; the jackal climbed through his nose, got drunk, saw the heart, liver, etc., started eating; the elephant died, the jackal continued to feed on it from the inside; the carcass dried up, the jackal could not get out; Mahadeo and Parbati walked by; M . said that he was M., asked who was inside; jackal: and I am Sahadeo, M.'s father; if you are M., then cause a downpour; the rain soaked the carcass, the jackal ran away; M. decided to take revenge, hid in the water, the jackal came up, M. grabbed his leg; the jackal said that he was holding the root, M. let him go; pretended to be dead; jackal: the corpse must release gases; M. did it, the jackal ran away; M. made the figure of an old woman out of wax, in his hands a basket with sweets; the figure hit him with his hand, then another, he stuck; M. tied the jackal in his yard, whipped him every day; another jackal came; the first said he was being fattened here, the other changed from in places; M. began to beat him; when he found out that he was mistaken, M. let the jackal go and made him his guard; when the jackal howls at night, he serves for M.]: Gordon 1908:61-64; agaria [the son of a baiga woman ordered a huge ax to the blacksmith, began to cut down thousands of trees with one blow; Dano lived in one of the trees, asked not to cut, gave a lot of money; the young man sent his mother to the Raja for a measure; when he returned it, the Raja noticed a coin stuck; the Raja decided to kill the young man, tied him in a bag, threw him into the river; Lamana pulled him out; the young man became indignant: I was swimming to Bhagavan, and you prevented him; L. asked him to put him in a bag, gave him everyone for it his buffaloes; the young man told the Raja that he had got the herd at the bottom; the Raja asked him and his children to be thrown into the river in bags, they drowned; Pandubki asked the young man to hire him: he can walk underwater, get what he needed from the bottom; the young man was attacked by Dano, the young man wanted to hack him with an ax, who promised to take him to Bhagavan; the young man threatened B. with his ax, demanded that he be given a wife; on the way back met a girl and got married; gladly told P. to get the raja and his children from the bottom; he brought their bones, the young man revived them, the Raja and his children became his servants]: Elwin 1944, No. 7:251-253; baiga [ The Jackal and the Elephant came to the field, ate; the Jackal is thirsty; the Elephant invites the Jackal to get inside it, there is a lot of water; the Jackal crawls through his trunk, drinks, eats the Elephant's liver, he dies; they walk by Mahadeo and Sahadeo; The Jackal replies that he is M.'s father; he suggests making rain; the Jackal cannot, M. causes rain, the Elephant's carcass gets wet, the Jackal gets out; M. and S. made a wax doll; The jackal asked her for food, she is silent, he hits, sticks; they gave him to the baiga youth to beat him every day; the tied Jackal is swollen; replies to another Jackal that he is well fed; another changes places with him; another Jackal promises to marry the bride; brings him his daughter Ahir; then his father-in-law throws his son-in-law away, buries him, wants to get along with his daughter; falls ill with leprosy, dies; wife baiga digs up her husband, revives]: Elwin 1944, No. 23.5:463-465; Santals: Bodding 1925, No. 8 [Anua plows, his mother brings him food; every time the jackal threatens to bite her, eats most of it; after learning about this, A. dresses as an old woman, hits a jackal; ties a razor to a plow, the jackal wanted to wipe his ass on him, cut himself; puts a barbed fence near the garden, hides with a sickle in a chicken coop; the jackal is scratched, wounded sickle; A. agrees with her mother that she will pretend to be dead; the mother calls that jackal, he brings the others; while she is supposedly cooking, the jackals themselves ask them to tie them up, or else they will fight; A. beats them, they they break out, run away; that jackal is tied at the well, all the women hit him with a stick; he is swollen; tells others that each one gives him rice; one asks him to change places with him; this jackal was slaughtered; (translation in Zograf 1971, No. 5:39-43)], 9 [starting in (8); the young man's name Turta, he tore off the jackal's tail; the tied jackal changed with the leopard; T. beat him, made a scarecrow, showed him for money; overheard the conversation two horses, one has a thorn in its hoof, if removed, he will be able to fly through the air; T. buys a lame horse cheaply, agrees to marry a princess with a dragon in her body; when he comes out of his nose princesses, his mouth from earth to heaven; kills grooms; at night the dragon came out, T. flew on horseback across the sky, the dragon followed him, he hacked the dragon; visited his mother with his wife; everything is fine]: 99-111, 111-121; Campbell 1891 [ as in Bodding]: 25-33; condas [the woman has eye pain; the man promised to bring a healing ointment; the tiger heard, asked the woman and him to lubricate his sore eyes; for this he brought an ox; people ate meat, and the boy was planted to prevent the birds from pecking it; people went to the village and forgot about the boy; the tiger decided to help and brought another ox; both skins went to the boy; he carried them to sell; in the forest heard the voices of the robbers, climbed the tree; the robbers began to divide the loot; quarreled; the leader shouted - for God to defeat (the dishonest); at this time the boy dropped both dry skins; robbers they ran away, the boy got the money; at home he told his mother to measure what was in his bag; the mother went to her brother for the measure; he waxed the bottom; when the sister returned the measure, she stuck to the wax gold coin; his nephew explained that in the city his skins were directly torn to pieces and put gold in pieces; fellow villagers slaughtered oxen, came to town and shouted that they were selling ox skins; they were beaten , the brahmanas were indignant; knowing what would happen next, the mother and son left home, taking the money and leaving the pumpkins inside; people set fire to the house; when the pumpkins burst, they thought it had burst the boy and his heads mother; the boy filled two bags with coals, went to the city; there are many carts drawn by oxen on the road; the boy replaced his other; there were money and jewelry in the bags; the boy was in the village again he rebuilt himself, took his uncle's measure again, gold stuck to her again; the guy said he sold coal at a high price; the villagers burned down their houses, went to sell coal, they were driven away; they put the guy in a bag, They beat me with batons for a long time and threw it into the water; but he threw it ashore; he started screaming: why do I need my gold now? two horsemen drove up - a merchant and his wife; the guy said that the gold was in the bag; the merchant helped to get out and climbed there himself, the guy threw the bag into the water, persuaded the beautiful woman to stay with him, because he is not only handsome and young, but also very rich; in the village he said that horses and a beautiful woman were given to him at the bottom of the river; all his fellow villagers asked them to drown; the boy lived well with his wife and mother]: Schulze 1922, No. 7:47-54; (cf. Assamese [a man goes to sell cowhide; spent the night in a tree; robbers are under a tree; a man has dropped his skin, the robbers have fled, he took their treasures; he borrowed houses from a neighbor the measure and returned it with a coin stuck; believing that the man had earned money by selling the skin, the neighbors slaughtered their oxen, carried their skins for sale; when they returned in shame, they burned down the man's house; he collected ash in He carried the bags, met another who was carrying the royal treasures; they briefly exchanged bags, the man brought home gold, said he sold ash; the neighbors burned their houses and carried ash to the bazaar; when they returned, they put the man in a bag and threw him into the river; the fisherman caught him; the man began to scold him: he was in the palace of the underwater king; the fisherman asked him to be thrown into the river; after drowning the fisherman, the man brought him home fish; neighbors also want to go under water, allow themselves to be drowned]: Goswami 1960:103); Bengalis [a rogue sells a bird of truth, a cow defecating with chervonets, a young stick (which they later bought killed their wives); exchanges bags of ash for bags of gold; fools (6 people) burned their houses to sell ash and get the same amount of gold; they want to throw the rogue in a bag into the river, but he was released by a passerby, and when he was leading this passerman's horse by the bridle, stupid men asked where he got it, and when he told them he had found it in the river where they had thrown him, one of them went down into the river, the water gurgled; the rogue said that the one who descended was catching a horse, and the rest of the fools jumped into the river for horses and drowned]: Sumtsov 2015:134-135; (cf. Bengalis [7 married brothers envy a single eighth named Khoodeh, who received his father's main inheritance; lead him to marry; H. knows that they are actually going to drown him; goes forward, invites the shepherd to marry, changes clothes with him; the shepherd is drowned, H. takes the herd; says he received the cows from the deity; the brothers set fire to his house, but H. spent the night away from home; H. collected ash at two bag, told his fellow traveler that there was gold in the bags; that night he took away the loaded cow H., let's leave his own, on which the bags of money; took the time to measure the money, specially left the rupee stuck; said that received money by selling coal and ash; the brothers burned down their houses, went to sell coal; they were driven to the neck; they were hired as laborers; then the brothers reconciled and everyone became rich]: Bradley-Birt 1920, No. 4:17-22); telugu {the origin of the text is not directly mentioned, but the characters are King Vijaynagaram and his cunning Tenaliram, i.e. the action takes place in Andhra Pradesh} [King Vijainagaram is angry with his jester Tenalirama, ordered him to be buried waist-deep in the ground and trampled on by an elephant; but the elephant turned around and rushed at the people; everyone ran, T. was left alone; saw the hunchback walking; replied that he was buried in the ground so that heal the hump; when the hunchback dug it up, he began to rejoice that the hump was gone; the hunchback took its place; those who came saw that it was not T.; the hunchback was dug up, the king forgave T.]: Shyama-Shankar 1924:70-72; kannada [the brahman asked his neighbor gowda {apparently the village manager} for a needle; he gave it on the condition that if the brahmana lost the needle, he would take the ox from him; his wife lost it, the brahman took the ox, but he began to wither away and the brahmana took him untouchable; the brahmana asked for a skin; went to sell, spent the night on the road in a tree; the robbers sat under a tree to share the money; the wind shoved the skin went down and it began to fall when it hit the branches; the robbers ran away in horror; at home, the brahmana took the govda to measure the money; he waxed the bottom and saw a coin stuck; the brahman said he had received money for the skin; the govda slaughtered his oxen, but received barely a hundred rupees for all the skins; the brahmana asked the govda to give him the coconut shells discarded; burned them, filled them with ash, and went to where the others were merchants; said that he had gold sand in his bag; a merchant changed the bags; found it in his ash, and the brahmana found diamonds and pearls; the hovda burned down the brahman's house, went to sell ash, and the potter gave him a quarter rupees; on the way, the govda lost her and could not pay for the tea; the govda and his men put the brahmana in a chest, carried her to drown; they saw deer, chased them; a shepherd came up, and the brahman said that his carried to the wedding; the shepherd took the brahmana's place in the chest, drowned; brought a large herd, said it was from the bottom; the govda and his men asked them to drown; the brahman himself became a govda]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 54:149-152; Tamils [the younger brother is childless; someone sold him a child for a measure of corn and a rupee, but there was a monkey in the bag; she began to do any job and call her younger brother father; monkey son asked his uncle (i.e. older brother) what they grew best, and he said tobacco; asked if he wanted the upper or lower part (of the crop), he chose the lower part; the younger brother collected tobacco leaves, and the elder got the stems; the following year, the monkey son planted onions and the older brother chose the upper part; the older brother angrily killed two cows that were pulling the younger brother's irrigation mechanism; the monkey took off his skins and climbed the tree under which the robbers were staying; they came, began to divide the money, one of them is blind; "Share honestly, otherwise the sky will fall on you"; at that moment, the monkey son threw off his skins; the robbers ran away, the monkey son brought money to his father; the younger brother's wife sent him to measure money from the elder; the youngest explained to the elder that he allowed the skins on straps and sold it; he stabbed his four cows, sold nothing, burned down the youngest's house; the monkey son collected ash in a bag, came to the robbers, said that there were jewelry in the bag, then we would divide it; when they fell asleep, the son- the monkey replaced his bag with the one in which the robbers had jewelry, brought it to his father; the elder brother burned down his house, no one bought ash; the elder brother put the monkey in a bag, threw it into the river; a shepherd nearby; The monkey screams from the bag that he was thrown into the river because he does not want to marry his father's sister's daughter; the shepherd took his place; the older brother came with a stick, began to beat the bag; the goats went to the monkey; he said there were more goats there; his older brother asked him to put him in a bag and throw him into the river; drowned]: Beck et al. 1987, No. 32:113-116; Tamils [Raja has five sons; when his wife died, Raja took the other one and her squirrel son; the Raja also died, five sons are married; four want to drive the squirrel away, but the elder insisted that he be given a plot of bad land, oxen and grain; the squirrel hears The brothers' conversations and always knows their intentions; he called animals and birds, who raised crops; the brothers came at night to steal the grain, but it was already compressed; the brothers burned the squirrel's house; he sold the grain, but pretended as if he sold coal; to count the money, he took a measure, a coin stuck to it; the brothers burned down their houses, went to sell coal, they were beaten; they killed a squirrel ox; he stole money from the brahmana, took another measure for money, and told the brothers that he had sold meat to the brahman (beef is strictly forbidden to brahmanas); the brothers slaughtered their oxen, went with meat to the brahmana, who beat them again; the brothers put the squirrel in a bag and gathered burn but forget the matches; the shepherd chases the goats; the squirrel says he is sitting in a bag to get rid of the hump; the humpback shepherd climbed into the bag instead of the squirrel; he was burned, and the squirrel brought the herd six months later; said that after being burned, he went to heaven with his parents and they gave it; the brothers asked them to burn; their property, wives and children went to a squirrel]: Blackburn 2005, No. 57; Sinhalese [seven brothers work for field, seven sisters come looking for husbands, brothers marry them; wives left rice to dry on mats, told them to watch the sister of the seven brothers; she fell asleep, the mats got wet, the brothers' wives drove them away a girl; she began to live under a tamarind tree; gave birth to a son, and each wife had a daughter; the sister consistently asks the brothers to know the horoscope for her son; everyone refuses, the youngest agrees; the astrologer says that the son will become famous but will bring misfortune to all cousins, but the brother tells his sister that the son will eat her; the sister refuses to kill the boy; he grew up, his name is Tamarind Tikka; fills a large pot with a tiny amount of flour or butter; consistently asks his uncle to marry his daughters; everyone chases him, but the youngest knows his horoscope and agrees; TT revives buffalo, his herd multiplies; envious brothers slaughtered his cattle, said that robbers attacked; TT took off and took off his skins, threw it away, dug up a fresh corpse, came to some people, asked to spend the night, said he was with him grandfather; women at home began to drive away the bulls, the "grandfather" fell, the owners gave 7 measures of gold for him; TT tells his uncles that he got gold for their skins; they slaughtered their bulls, no one bought their skins; uncle put TT in a bag, walked away; TT tells the shepherd he is in the bag to heal his lower back; he changes places with TT, TT takes the herd, uncles throw the bag into the water; TT brings the herd, says from the bottom of the river; the uncles agreed to TT throw them in bags into the water; their wives and daughters rushed to find out why they were being detained; TT received all the property]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 173:388-393.

Malaysia-Indonesia. Simalur [dwarf pelanduk deer (P.) steals sugar trustnik from plantations; the owner makes a cat out of sticky resin; P. calls out to her, she is silent, he beats it, sticks; he is locked in a chicken coop; he tells the dog that he is sitting because he refuses to marry; the dog takes his place; the servants stabbed the dog so as not to answer to the owner, served meat; P. tells the owner what he ate; offers to tie dry leaves to his tail and set it on fire, only this will destroy him; P. burned down the estate, the owner died, jumped into the pond himself, ran away]: Koehler 1964:125-127; Javanese [dwarf canchil deer (K., Tragulus Kantjil Raffl.) steals cucumbers; the owner makes a scarecrow, coating it with sticky resin; K. calls out to the figure, hits, sticks; the owner put him in a cage to fry tomorrow; K. tells the Dog that they want to marry him the owner's daughter, the prophet Suleiman, wrote that this would happen to anyone who enters her; the dog changes places with K.; the peasant beat the Dog]: Ostrovsky 1956:25-29; Sayaki (western Sarawak) [plandok (a dwarf deer) and a turtle (the smallest of the water turtles) went for bamboo shoots; the turtle saw a snare, told the plandock that it was a necklace; he touched it with his foot and was caught; pretended to be dead; the hunter took out the prey and threw it, the plandock ran away; showed the turtle a hunting hole - it's good to sleep there; pushed it there; the hunter took out the turtle, tied it to a stick; the turtle tells the monkey what bliss she has not yet experienced it; and she is about to be married; the monkey agreed to untie the turtle and let himself be tied; the hunter brought her home, she pretended to be dead; ran away as soon as she was untied; the turtle and the plandoks swam across the river, but the monkey cannot; asked the fish to bring it; broke the stick and, as soon as the fish reached the shore, killed the fish; all three began to cook fish; a Malay bear came up; friends they were afraid that he would eat everything and sent him to clean the pan; when the bear brought the pan, he was asked to show his paws - they were black; they sent him to wash again; the bear's paws remained black; the turtle, the plank and the monkey ate the fish and ran away]: Ling Roth 1896:342-346; toraja [Pottala farmer cannot repay his debt to the chief; cooks fish soup, takes out fish, puts an ax; says he made soup with an ax; chief takes the ax to pay off the debt; next time P. puts the dead ducks in the house in advance; when the leader comes, he points a wind gun towards the sea, tells the duck wounded in the eye to lie in the south room, in the wing is in the middle, in the side by the hearth; the chief takes a wind gun to pay the debt; for the third time P. stuffed coins into the dog's ass, in the presence of the leader they fall on the mat; the chief agrees to take the dog; more does not believe, tied P. to a tree to burn; tells the hunchback that he is tied to heal his back - now it is straight; the hunchback changes places with P., burned; P. comes to the leader, talks about a meeting with ancestors; he tells him to burn]: Teselkin 1959:9-13.

Taiwan - Philippines. Pangasinan [a turtle and an iguana fish in an old man's pond; the owner caught a turtle, tied it to a rope; the turtle tells the iguana that the old man wants to marry her daughter; the iguana has changed with a turtle in places; the old man tried to kill the iguana, but she ran away; the turtle tells the iguana that he listens to her grandfather playing the flute upstairs; the iguana sticks his head between two bamboo trunks, in a gust the wind pinched her, the turtle disappeared]: Rybkin 1975, No. 52:148-149; the Tagals [the monkey and the turtle went to a neighboring village; the monkey took little food; asked the turtle to share supplies along the way; then she offered to take what the turtle was carrying, ran away, ate everything; a hunter appeared, the monkey hid in the tree; the hunter brought the turtle home, tied it to a banana tree, fed it; the monkey was envious, it swapped seats with the turtle; the turtle crawled away, the hunter shot the monkey]: Rybkin 1975, No. 126:280-281.

China - Korea. The Chinese [in agreement with his wife, the poor man invited the evil landowner; the wife prepared everything in advance, and the poor man said that it was his pot that cooks food in minutes; the landowner bought the boiler for a lot of money; realizing that they had been deceived, he ordered the poor man to be drowned; the servants hung the bag on a tree and went to eat; when he heard the voice of the landowner's son nearby, the poor man began to say that he was sitting in a bag to heal his eyes; the landowner's son swapped places with the poor man, drowned, and the poor man took his herd; said he got them in the river spirit barn; the landowner and his two remaining sons jumped into the water and drowned]: Lin Lin, Ustin 1959:381- 387.

The Balkans. Albanians [three beardless people are waiting for travelers at three bridges; a peasant woman sells a draft ox; one beardless advises cutting off his tail first, the other his horns, and the third his ears; no one He does not buy this; the peasant slaughtered an ox; went with a donkey to the bridge; pretended to take a gold donkey out of a donkey; a beardless wants to buy a donkey for 200 lire, but the peasant demands 500; the second is ready to give 300, the third gives 500; the beardless fed the donkey barley (which supposedly makes money) and he is dead; they went to kill the peasant; he caught two birds with one stone in advance, agreed with his wife; promised beardless to return the money, but for now he invited him home for lunch, sending a hare to his wife with an errand; at home, the wife confirms everything, but now the hare rocks the baby (he was tied to the cradle); the beardless bought a hare for 800 lire (500 for a donkey); the peasant again agreed with his wife, tied her gut with blood to her neck: when the beardless come, the idea is supposedly a quarrel; for a knife that revives the dead, the beardless give more 500 lire; killed their own wives; put the peasant in a bag to drown him in the sea, left him for a while, he shouts that he does not want to marry the Beauty of the Earth, the shepherd changed places with him, drowned, the peasant took his herd; tells the beardless that he brought him from the seabed, and if he had been drowned in a deeper place, there would be more sheep; the beardless ones rushed into the sea and drowned, the peasant would get everything]: Pedersen 1898, No. 10:70-81; Serbs [beardless ("chosso") met two merchant brothers; put ducats under the tail of a donkey; after the word "Chuksh", the donkey throws away ducats; the brothers bought a donkey for gold; in the morning they can't enter the room where he was left; something glitters in it; the door was broken: the donkey died, blocking the door, and the horseshoes glittered on his hooves; the brothers came to deal with the deceiver; he had prepared two in advance hares and agreed with his wife; the brothers say they will kill chosso; he replies that they did not feed their father correctly; releases the hare with orders for his wife to cook dinner and bring them; after a while, the wife all brings them on a donkey; the brothers bought a donkey for gold; the hare ran away from them into the forest; chosso tied blood bubbles under his wife and children's clothes; when the brothers arrived, chosso pretended to be angry and hit with a knife; then he played the flute, the dead came to life; the brothers bought a flute, killed their wives; put the chosso in a bag and carried it to drown; left the bag, went in for a drink; the shepherd chases a herd of sheep; chosso shouts that he did not wants to be the owner of a tavern; the shepherd climbs into the bag instead of him; the shepherd was drowned; the chosso brought the herd: if we left me not at the shore, but in the middle of the lake, he would have brought more rams; the brothers drowned , chosso brought sheep home]: Eschker 1992, No. 104:299-305; Bulgarians [a poor family stabs their only ox to have a feast for the villagers, but then no one invites organizers a feast; or the younger brother borrowed the older horse to plow, he died from work, and the elder returned only the skin; when he went to sell the skin, the poor man accidentally became rich (threw it off the tree under which they were sitting the robbers, they ran away, leaving the loot; or enters the house where the mistress has a lover; pretends that he has an omniscient feature in his horse's skin; on his behalf indicates where the hostess hid the food and drinks where "hell" is hidden (lover); gets money from the owner and lover; or sells leather at a wedding for a drum; when he returns, he says he sold his skin at the bazaar; neighbors slaughter their cattle, but skins they cannot sell; they throw crap at the man's yard; he collects it in bags, stays with the khan (priest) and says that the royal treasury is in the bags; if they are opened, gold will turn into crap; bags opened, the person was given gold instead of crap; the man's wife died or was killed by neighbors (the younger brother killed the elder's wife); the cunning (older brother) puts the corpse on the donkey and accuses the person who pushed the body ( a person in the field, in the garden, in a tavern, at a wedding) in murder; receives a girl or money in return; says that he exchanged the deceased for a living (sold for money); neighbors killed wives; the cunning man is put in a bag, they leave him for a while to drown in the sea; he shouts that he does not want to marry the princess, the shepherd agrees to take his place; the cunning man brought a herd of sheep, says he got it at the bottom; the neighbors drown]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 1535:491-493; Macedonians [Petre went to the bazaar to sell a cow; one of the three envious people said that the price was tailless, the second was hornless, the third was crazy; the mutilated cow had to be taken to slaughter; P. told the envious that he had sold the cow at a high price, invited them to his place; agreed with his wife that she would hide one hare and release the other, so that he would would call her husband; envious people bought a hare for a lot of money; put P. in a bag and carried him to drown it in the sea; left it for a while; P. shouts that he does not want to be king; the rich man drove the sheep, changed with P. in some places, drowned; P. brought sheep, said that from the bottom; the peasants jumped into the water and drowned]: Golenishchev-Kutuzov 1991:361-364; Greeks: Hahn 1864, No. 42 (Epirus) [the priest brought oxen to the well; two beardless people praised them, adding that if their tail and one horn were cut off, they would become even more beautiful; next time, the second horn and ear; ear and lips; the oxen were dead, the priest realized that they had laughed at him; brought a donkey to the well with gold coins under its tail; the beardless bought a donkey; the priest ordered him to be left in a dark stable for two weeks, giving him a bag of beans; the donkey's belly swelled and he died; the priest arranged with his wife to tie her gut with blood; he would pretend to be angry, stab her with a knife, and then play on the pipe and she would "come to life"; the beardless believed, bought a pipe, killed their wives; they put the priest in a chest, dragged him to drown, went to eat; a shepherd came up, the priest shouted that he did not want to marry the princess, the shepherd changed with him; the priest brought his herd, said that bottom; beardless asked them to drown; the priest healed peacefully with his wife]: 220-223; Legrand 1881 [when he died, the father left two bulls to his two eldest sons, and a skinny cow to the youngest stupid Trianniscia; that one was hers stabbed, dried his skin, and went, knocking on it like a drum; the robbers shared the loot, thought the gendarmes were coming, ran away; T. took the money, told the brothers what he had received for the skin; they slaughtered their bulls, They asked for a hundred ducats for their skin, they were arrested; when they were released, they went to kill T.; at this time, he dug up an old woman who had just been buried, put her on a horse, left him outside the inn, saying, that he would go to church himself; when he returned, he began to scandal - his mother was killed; the owner gave him one of his daughters; the brothers put T. in a bag, carried him to drown, left him, and went to church themselves; T. changed from shepherd {no reason specified}, the shepherd was drowned, T. returned to his brothers]: 178-180; Hungarians [two older brothers are smart, the younger Ishtok is a fool; agreed: whoever the bull will enter, he will get it; the bull ran to I.; he went to sell it, a birch tree creaks by the road, I. tied a bull to it, promised to come and get a hundred forints; the bull was eaten by wolves, I. hits the birch with an ax, gold is pouring out of it, I. brought a whole bucket; brothers replaced it with rotten wheat; I. went to sell it, he was ridiculed; he stayed for the night, the wheat was eaten by pigs; I. promises to tell the king that royal gold was stolen from this house, master paid off with money; tells his brothers he sold rotten wheat; the brothers went to sell, they were beaten; the brothers said that I. talks to devils; he was put in a barrel to drown; he screams that he does not want to be governor; the master changes places with him, I. takes the carriage and horses, says he found it at the bottom (under the gatia); everyone jumped into the river, I. took possession of the entire village]: Shustova 1994:144-148; Romanians [{ p. 481 is not available in pdf; apparently this is the same or one-story text as Sadetsky 1973:229-247} in Russian; Pekale fed the heifer, she walked all over the village; the villagers decided to kill her, and P. they gave the skin; he sold the skin for 300 lei and came back; told the neighbors he sold it for 600 guilders; the neighbors slaughtered their cattle and went to sell their skins, they rushed to beat them at the market; they came to P. and relieved his need in the hallway; P. packed everything in a barrel, went on a journey and spent the night with the boyar; said that the keg was gold for the king; in the morning he began to shout that gold had been replaced by crap; the boyar ordered Clean the keg and fill it with gold; P. told the neighbors that he sold the crap for gold; they also went to sell them, they were beaten; they put P. in a bag and went to drown; they forgot to measure the pole where the water was deeper, ran after her, leaving the bag; the shepherd chases the herd; P.: they want to drown me because I refuse to be the head; the shepherd took P.'s place, drowned; P. brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the neighbors drowned]: B îrlea 1966:481-482.

Central Europe. Poles: Krzyżanowski 1963, No. 1535 [the poor man's last cow (horse) died, he carries the skin to the city to sell; (fills it with wasps and bees on the way); or he caught it and took it with him crow; stayed overnight in a house where the wife receives her lover; suddenly the husband returns, the wife hides treats, the lover hides under the bed; the guest creaks his skin or stings the crow; pretends that they tell him where the food is hidden; the husband buys the skin and also gives him a chest in which his lover; he pays not to drown him; when he returns, the poor man takes a measure from his brother, and a coin sticks to her; the poor man explains that he received the money by selling the skin (or the mother's corpse); the brother stabbed a cow (horse) or killed the mother, tries to sell the skin or body; puts the poor man in a bag to drown, leaves him for a while ; the poor man shouts that he does not want to be king; the shepherd changes places with him, is drowned, the poor man brings sheep, says he does not want to be king; the brother himself throws himself into the water, drowns]: 81-82; Sumtsov 2015 [in Polish fairy tales The motive of a rogue in a bag is common; usually a rogue says he does not want to be king because he is illiterate; his place is taken by pan]: 130-131; Czechs: Němcová 1990:314-323; Slovaks [after the death of their father, two older brothers shared the property, and the youngest was assigned to live in a barn; they cannot share the only cow; decide: to build two new barns in addition to the old one; Whose cow enters will take it; the cow goes to the old barn to her younger brother; then the brothers slaughtered her, the youngest was given only skin; flies and hornets flew at her; the boy rolled and sewed up the skin so that the hornets stayed inside, went on a journey; in the evening he knocked on the miller; only his wife was at home, reluctantly agreed to let the beggar into the attic; he hears her being kind to her lover, wine on the table, pickles; suddenly a knock on the door; the husband suddenly returned because the cart is broken; he is hungry, his wife offers old sour cabbage soup; hides food; tells the lover to climb into the barrel of feathers, but he first climbed into the barrel of feathers, but he first climbed into a barrel of resin; when he finds out about the beggar, the husband tells him to go down; the guy says that he has the truth with him - a skin with perfume buzzing inside; perfume first talks about pies, then wine and roast, then about the devil in the barrel; the devil is pulled out, beaten, he pays off, two hundred gold; the guy seems to reluctantly agree to sell the truth for the same hundred gold; when he leaves, the mill catches up with him, gives him 200 gold, asks to remove the truth from home; the guy advises to make a hole in the skin and carefully release the hornets; the guy returned, started a farm; told his brothers about fools who are ready to buy the truth; they stabbed their cows, came to the miller, let dogs hit them and beat them; the brothers destroyed his house; the youngest collected the fragments in three barrels, took them; told the owner of the inn that he was carrying royal money and him He was ordered to stop only at this inn, so that, if anything, they would know where to look; at night, the robbers brought three barrels of money; in the morning they slept, the owner was afraid to get up until the robbers left, gave the key to the cellar; the guy took the robbers' money, he was not caught up; he told the brothers that the owner of the inn was doing new and old, paying for the shards; the brothers smashed what was at home, took him to inn, on the way, the robbers took everything away from them, they returned naked and beaten; put the youngest in a bag, carried him to drown; went to the healer for advice: how best to throw him into the river, foot forward or head; the guy shouted that he did not want to be king; the shepherd heard, swapped places with him, drowned, the guy brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the brothers saw the reflection of sheep in the water, jumped their heads forward; the youngest got married and healed well]: Dobšinský 1970, No. 48:244-252; Russians (Karelian Pomorie, Sumy Posad) [the priest has a thin horse; Senka rode it, killed it; said that she was missing , asked the priest to buy another money; drove him into the swamp, cut off his head, put it in the quagmire; called the priest to pull it out; the pop pulled, his head "came off", the pop fell, began to sink; then called the deacon, he looked: her head was cut off; they went to kill S. together; he lives with his sister, agreed with her; tied her gut with blood to her side; pretended to be angry with her and "killed" her; then clicked the whip, the sister "came to life" and" they went to party with their priest and deacon"; S. sold them a whip, they stabbed their wives; they came back to S.; he put the horses under the tail of various money in advance; the pop bought a mare; S.: only a week from under the tail of a bag do not clean; a week later there was manure; S. pretended to be dead; the pop and the deacon decided to recover to his grave, he hit their ass with a hot rod; they put him in the kul, brought him to drown, went to make a shovel ice-hole; S.: I don't want to be a judge; the passing master agrees to change, drowned; S. took his top three, came: God let go and awarded horses; the pop and the deacon drowned in an ice-hole]: Razumova, Senkina 1974, No. 46:232-237; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pinega): Karnaukhova 1934, No. 118:220-223; Russians (Arkhangelskaya): Tseitlin 1911, No. 1:6-9; Russians (Vologda) [two brothers are smart, they work, the third Ivan, a fool, only catches flies; his mother sent him to take a pot of dumplings to his brothers; I. sees his shadow, thinks that a man throws dumplings, threw everything away, then the pot, it crashed; brothers they beat him, forced his sheep to herd, went to the village for lunch; the sheep began to wander, I. gouged their eyes; his brothers beat him again; for the holiday they sent him to the city to buy spoons, a table, food; when he went back, ordered the table to go by itself - he has four legs like a horse; he fed all the food to the crows - let the sisters eat; put pots and korchagi ("hats") on the burnt stumps; the horse does not drink from the river - apparently, he does not want to without salt, poured salt into the river; the horse still does not drink, I. killed it with a log; carried spoons, they rattle, he thinks they are teasing "Ivan the Fool"; he trampled on them; the brothers sent I. to collect what he was threw it away; he made a hole in the korchagi, put everything on one batog; at home he hears that the beer is wandering; he thinks it is teasing him - he released it and began to swim in the trough; the brothers sewed the fool into the kul, carried him to drown; they left and went to inspect the ice-hole; the master rides on the top three; I. shouts that they want to make him a voivode, but he does not know how to judge; the master ordered him to be sewn into the kul; drowned; I. arrives at the top three - at the bottom they gave him; the brothers ordered them to be drowned; I. drove home to finish drinking beer and remember the brothers]: Gura 1965, No. 13:219-220; Russians (Karelia, Zaozerye) [Two brothers are smart, the third is stupid, but he did better than clever. He set up a trap, his mother got there, saw her in the morning, harnessed a thin horse and went with it. Towards 12 Dorokhov children. They shout to turn him out, but he didn't turn it out, one of them slapped his mother with an ax and she rolled. Vanya (son) was angry, but the children gave him 100 rubles and he went home and buried his mother. I was thinking about how else to cash in, got on a horse and drove off. Twelve Dorokhov children meet him and ask him what he is doing. He says he's looking for gold and money. They asked him why he looked for it in horse scum, and he told them he was feeding the horse hay and it was throwing copper away. The Dorokhov children bought this horse from him, but they did not succeed, so they came to Vanya and his wife. He had previously tied a bull blood bubble to his wife's neck and said that when the Dorokhov children came, he would stab her in this bubble and she should fall. She did it like she was dead, and he whipped his wife and she stood up. He sold this whip for 500 rubles to Dorokhov's children, but this whip did not resurrect anyone. Then Vanya went and met a man who went to work as a clerk instead of him and gave Vanya a horse, and the Dorokhov children confused the man with Vanya and threw the man into the lake. When the Dorokhov children returned and saw Vanya, they asked how he came here and where he got the horse from. He said it was where they threw him. Then the Dorokhov children drowned in the lake themselves, and Vanya became rich and smart]: Karnaukhova 2008, No. 16:81-83; Russians (Vologodskaya) [the jester took a pot and a stick, went to the big road, cooked porridge and fire scattered; 12 Kolomna residents came, the jester offered porridge, said that it was necessary to knock on the pot with a stick and say that he would cook; Kolomna residents bought a pot and a stick; went to the jester to kill for deception; he sold them a stick again, which supposedly bakes pies; tied a bubble of bull blood under his wife's clothes; pretended to be angry with her, stabbed her, the wife fell, the blood flowed; the jester hit his wife with a whip, she She got up again; sold the whip and knife to the Kolomna residents, they killed their wife; the jester told his wife to say that he was dead; the Kolomna residents did not believe it, pulled the living out of the grave, carried him to drown in a bag; the ice-hole froze, went behind the ax; the master was driving; the jester shouts: I can't judge and row in the voivodship; the master swapped seats with him, the master was drowned; the jester arrived in the lordly three, said that he had taken it at the bottom; Kolomna residents climbed into an ice-hole, a jester drowned them]: Gura 1965, No. 41:265-266; Russians (Moscow) [two brothers are hard-working, and Vanka is a lazy person; ordered a stuffed calf, asked his brother to take the calf into the herd; he does not go, brother his whip, his head fell off, V. threatens to sue, his brother gave the cow; V. stabbed her, went to sell her skin, picked up a slaughtered crow on the way; the mill let her sleep; V. noticed where the food was hidden and what was in At home, a lover clerk; the miller has returned, calls the traveler to the table; he says that he is going to sell a wonderful bird; supposedly, with a hint, the crow shows where the food is; and in the chest, the clerk runs out in flour and feathers; the miller bought a crow for 300 rubles; V. tells the brothers that he raised money for the skin; they slaughtered cattle, they give one and a half rubles for the skin; the brothers put V. in a bag, went to drown, went to drink; the old man drives the herd; V. says that he was cleansed of his sins in the bag; the old man took his place; the old man was drowned; V. brought sheep, says that from the bottom of the river; the brothers drowned]: Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 89:227- 230; Russians (Tambov): Kalnitskaya 2003, No. 14:22; Russians (Kursk, Mokhovsky District): Aristov, Pavlov 1939:63-66; Russians (Voronezhskaya): Baryshnikova 2007, No. 53:203-204; Russians (Voronezhskaya, p. Verkhnyaya Toida, Anninsky District, 1936) [The pop orders an employee to slaughter a sheep when he asks which one and answers: "Which one will look at you." The worker slaughters all the sheep, explains his act by the fact that all the sheep looked at him. Pop decides to set fire to Ivan's house and run away. They prepare two bags, put an employee in one, put books in the other, and at night Vanya climbs from one bag to another. In the morning, the pop takes a bag with Vanya, sets fire to the house and leaves. In another village, a pop comes to church and finds Vanya in a sack. The three of them spend the night on the river bank, put Vanya on the very edge, and at night he climbs upstairs. In the morning, the pop drops into the water, believing that it was Vanya. Pop puts it in a bag and leaves it on the bridge. A master rides by, asks Vanya why he is crying, Vanya says that he is not literate, and he is being registered as a sergeant. He changes places with him. He meets a priest and says that in the next world he was given bad horses, and the best ones were given to priests. He asks Vanya to put him in a bag and throw him into the river "where deeper"]: Pukhova 2006, No. 4:81-82; Western Ukrainians (p. Drachyntsi, Kitsman district, Chernivtsi region) [People are expelling taverns from several villages. They wander around, see the guy, find out that his name is Ivanko. They say they are looking for a place to set up new taverns and offer to join them. First they ask them to guide them, or they're lost. He agrees and takes them into the forest in the evening. It's getting dark. He tells them to sleep. He finds them anthills instead of a pillow. At night they are bitten by ants. I. advises them to sleep quietly, because they are little wolves, and when they hear big ones, they will only have shoes left. Korchmari calm down and endure. There is no servant in the morning, the taverns think that he was eaten by wolves. I. finds gypsies who cook soup in a smoky pot, buys a pot for four kruzers. He takes a pot, digs up potatoes, brings water, sits down by the road and makes a fire. Starts to cook. There is a noise from the thicket: it is the taverns who quarrel because everyone wants to be in charge. They are happy to see a hire. I. extinguishes the fire, scatters the coals and sprinkles the pot with dust. The water continues to gurgle. Korchmari are surprised. I. explains that this is a magic pot. If you shower it with dust, you can also cook an ox. Korchmari buy a pot for a hundred gold. I. pours out the water, picks up the cooked potatoes and moves on. He sees a cart with a broken wheel, repairs it, sits on the cart, rests. Korchmari, after digging up potatoes, brings water in a pot and sprinkles it with road dust. The water does not boil, breakfast is not cooked. Korchmari are angry and break the pot. They run in the direction where I. They find him snoring on a cart. I. asks what words they said when they put water into the pot. They say they only smacked their tongues. I.: I should have said: "Gulgle, gurgle, gurgle, let us cook breakfast with water and potatoes - as tasty as chicken." Korchmari is asked why he didn't tell them this before. He replies that they didn't ask, they were probably afraid that some unfortunate Kreuzer would have to pay extra, now let them go hungry. Korchmari complain that they can no longer walk. Ivanko tells them to pull the cart up the mountain and says they will be lucky next. He sleeps on straw, and they pull the cart. Pulling out, they wake up I. He jumps to the ground, tells them to sit down, lets the cart down the mountain. Then he leads the taverns to rest. It leads you to the tree, tells you to climb to the top, get attached to the branches and sleep, because the wolves here are the fiercest. In the middle of the night, he cuts off the lower branches, lays them on the ground and goes to bed on the soft. In the morning, taverns ask who broke off the branches. He replies that the wolves chewed. When asked why he didn't erase it, he said that he dozed off for a while, then he hooted off, and they ran away. Korchmari: How to get off now. I. advises that the strongest should grab a strong branch, and let the others grab each other's legs and get off like a rope. Korchmari don't find the strongest soon. One grabs a branch and hangs in the air. When they start to descend, the strongest one screams that his hands are worn out. I. advises to spit on the palm of your hand. He spits, all the taverns fall down. When they come to their senses, I. leads them in the field. Buckwheat blooms there. He tells them that this is such a river, it is already foaming, you have to swim across, and there is a hut on the other side where you can relax, so let them rush into the waves. Korchmari, closing his eyes, falls into buckwheat, waving their hands, I. cheers up. At the very least, they crawl through the field and find themselves above the Prut River. They are angry, they put Ivanko in his fur for the mockery. They decide that while they rest in the hut, let the fur lie on the shore, otherwise they have no strength to throw it into the river. I. hears a carriage coming. He starts screaming: "Save me! I can neither read nor write, and they want to appoint me emperor tomorrow." A landowner rides on a carriage. He decides to become emperor, gets off, releases I., and climbs into his fur himself. I. sits in the carriage and rides. Korchmari throw their fur with the landowner into Prut and set off on the road. They see I. on a carriage. He says he got horses in the world they sent him to. Korchmari want horses like them. I. leads them to the bridge, orders them to jump. The tavern that flies down first dives and no longer emerges. The others are scared. I.: He chooses the best horses and the most beautiful carriage there, do they really want them to be left with jaws and taradaiks. They're jumping. I. sits on a carriage, goes on]: Ivasyuk 1968:49-53; 1973:69-73; Northern Ukrainians (Chernigov, Nezhinsky U.) [A birch tree hung over the rye field; The joke stood under it - as if he was holding it; says that he saved Popovskaya's rye; let the pop hold it now, and I'll run for help to support the birch tree; went on a popova wagon; elsewhere he asks Mr. to read the broken cart, on which he allegedly carried a barrel of wine; he also took the horses away - allegedly went to the village for a new cart; P. wanted to fool the Chumaks near the shank, but they they put him in a bag and carried him to drown; but went away in a tire; P. shouts that he did not want to reign; the Jew agreed to take his place, drowned]: Malinka 1902, No. 66:351-352; Eastern Ukrainians ( Kyiv region) [A man named Shchuts makes himself a small cart, pulls it out onto the road, gets into it and rides down the hill. Merchants are surprised that the cart travels by itself without horses. They're offering what he wants for what he wants for the cart. Shch. calls a significant price, merchants buy, sit and go without bargaining. The cart stops downstairs. Merchants think that the cart is capricious, they ask him and beat him, but the cart does not move. Merchants come back to ask Shchutz what to do or to collect the money, but he's gone. Shch. takes a pot, yagli (millet dish) and corned beef, goes out onto the road, digs a hole, makes a fire in it, and when the heat is enough, puts it in a pot, showering it with sand around it so that the fire is not visible it was, he's cooking porridge. Litvins (Belarusians) go, see that the pot is cooking without fire, buying it and moving on. In the evening, they showered the pot with sand, poured millet, filled it with water, foam appears. Stupid Litvins are already galloping in joy that they own such a treasure. They interfere, try it, but the millet is raw and the water is cold, the Litvins understand that they have been deceived and return to Sch. Shch., knowing that they will come to pay for the fraud, comes up with a new trick. He asks the Litvins to come to the table, but his wife does not do it very quickly, he takes a knife, hits his wife in the side with it, and she falls covered in blood. A minute later, Shch. takes off the batog from the perch, hits his wife three times with it, saying: "Resurrection Batozhek - get up, Marushka." The wife gets up healthy and cheerful. The Litvins buy themselves a resurrection batozhek. At home, Litvin, angry with his wife, stabbed her, and his wife falls, swimming in blood. He takes his jars in his hand, hits once, two and three, telling him to get up, but his wife is dead. Litvin, without telling his associates about this, secretly buries his wife, and the resurrection batozhek gives it to another. This is how all the Litvins killed their wives. They decide to take revenge on Sch. When they come to his house, they ask his wife where Shch. is, and she says she is dead. Sch. Anticipating that they would come to him, dug a hole, climbed into it, and told his wife that when they came to look for him, let him announce that he was not in the world. The Litvins come and tell his wife that they killed their wives because of him. Shchutz's wife says it was all a hoax, Shchutz hit a blood bubble tied under her arm, and she pretended to be dead and got up after he said it. The Litvins demand to show his grave. They pull Shch. out of the hole, tie it in a bag, and carry it to throw it into the water. They go for a stone to tie it to a bag. Shch. hears someone coming and starts screaming: "Help me! I can neither read nor write, but they want to declare me king." A Jew passing by, when he hears this, comes to the bag and says that he can read and write, so it's better to let him be king. Shch. asks him to get into the bag, and he'll tie it up without anyone guessing. The Jew comes in, S.h. Ties him up, runs away. Litvins find the stone, tie it to a bag and throw it into the water. Shch. continues to deceive people]: Nowosielski 1857 (2): 339-343; Eastern Ukrainians (Poltava, Romensky District) [Rich Mikola and poor Mikolka become cronies, the former has stallions, the other has one nag. Mikolka asks to borrow his godfather's horses to plow, people report to Mikola, he is angry, kills the oath, and takes his horses. Mikolka takes her skin to the fair in Sokirivka. On the way, she asks to spend the night, but the sick hostess does not let him in, he climbs into the barn, sees that a pop is visiting her, then her husband comes back, hides the snack on the stove, and her butt in the box. Mikolka asks the owner to let him in, he lets him in. Mikolka presses the skin under the table - says that there are treats on the stove, then that devils are in the house, points to the chest, the owner instantly cuts the "patched" priest with an ax. The owner gives Mikolka a few measures of gold in gratitude for the spell. His wife takes a measure of gold from Mikola, who discovers coins stuck in the measure, and Mikola explains that he became rich selling horse skin. Mikola skins horses, but sells them for 3 rubles and wants to slaughter Mikolka. He realizes the plan of the godfather, puts his mother in his place, takes her to the fair with her head severed off in the morning, attaches her head to her body, asks the kvass to bring her mother kvass, which touches her head, she falls, he asks Mikola not to tell anyone what happened, pays in gold. Goes back to his wife, repeat with a measure. Mikola repeats the godfather's actions again, cuts her mother and daughter, takes him to the fair, and takes him to a madhouse. A month later they let go, want to drown the godfather, puts him in a bag, leaves him at the church. Mikola shouts that he is being sent to heaven in a bag, and a master rides by, ready to switch seats with him. Mikola leaves with her wealth in a carriage, Mikola throws her master into the water. At home, she discovers that her godfather is alive and rich again, Mikolka says that he pulled the cattle by the horns from under the water. Mikola asks his wife to throw him into the water in a deeper place]: Gnedich 1916, No. 1514:37-40; Belarusians [Stepan steals a stallion, a box of money, his wife from Mr. for a bet; to steal his wife, he throws him on the road the boot, and then the second; the coachman stopped the wagon, followed the first, S. stole the wagon from the lady; says to Mr. that he sold it to hell; he orders to return it; S. pretends to put it on the lake where the devils live church, a rope from the vine to carry the devils ashore; the devil offers challenges; who hangs more (S. blindfolded the line, hit the stake); who will throw an iron mace higher (S. is waiting for the cloud to pass, there 12 blacksmith brothers will buy a mace; the devil asks not to throw it); the devil gave the lady; S. tells his pansky sons that his wife helps him get rich: you need to rinse her left armpit with a knife, bad blood will flow out; negotiates with his wife, tied a bubble of blood under her clothes; the panychi stabbed their wives, carried S. to drown in a bag; the lake froze, went to make an ice-hole for an ax; S. shouts that he does not want to be king; the clerk climbs into the bag instead of him, S. takes three horses; the panychi ask them to drown them to get the horses; drowned]: Vasilenok et al. 1958:197-201.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Kalmyks: Vatagin 1964:211-216; Crimean Tatars: Borovkov 1938:47-63; Zarubin, Zarubin 1991:41-48; Kondaraki 1875 [after learning that Nasradin-Oja was a swindler, the padishah ordered him to be drowned; the messengers tied N. in a bag and went to find out exactly where to drown him; N. shouted that he did not want to marry the princess; the shepherd took his place by him and was drowned in the sea; N. brought the herd and said that drove sheep from the seabed]: 112; Zherdeva 2020 (Miskhor), No. 38; Stavropol Turkmens: Bagriy 1930 (2): 97-99; Abazans: Tugov 1985, No. 172:362-363; Nogais: Nogai 1979, No. 32: 147-149; Terek Cossacks (art. Ardonskaya) [Peter has three horses, Petrushka has one; while plowing, Petrushka shouts that his horses are; Peter kills Petrushka's horse; he carries her skin to the city to sell her skin; goes to the hut, asks to let her go spend the night; the hostess allows you to stay in the yard; the owner arrives; Petrushka sees that the hostess's lover is hiding in the chest; the owner invites Petrushka into the house; he says he has horse skin a magician who knows what they have in their house; the owner asks to speak; Petrushka pushes the skin, it makes a noise; Petrushka: the magician said that there is vodka and fried chicken behind the stove; the hostess who cooked them for her lover, replies that she forgot to get them; Petrushka drinks and eats with the owner; pushes his skin again; assures that there is a devil in the chest; agrees to kick him out for the measure of gold; having received an award, rides a master's cart with a chest to the sea; lets his lover go for silver; comes home, sends his son to Peter for a measure; Peter smears its bottom with glue; Petrushka measures money, returns the measure, to on the bottom of which several coins are stuck; Peter asks where the money comes from; he replies that he sold his horse's skin for a measure of silver; Peter rips off his horses, takes them to the city, tries to sell them for the same price; they laugh at him; he comes to Petrushka at night to kill him; kills his mother-in-law, with whom he changed places; Petrushka puts her on a cart and supports her with chopsticks; drives up to the dukhan, drinks; the strangler offers a glass to his mother-in-law, pushes her, she falls; Petrushka accuses him of murder; the strangler gives a measure of silver, buries his mother-in-law at his own expense; Petrushka sends his son to Peter for measure; he sees coins stuck to the bottom, asks where the money comes from; Petrushka replies that he sold his mother-in-law; Peter kills his wife, takes her to the city; after leaving prison, puts Petrushka in a bag and carries her to drown in sea; walks into church on the way, leaves the bag at the fence; Petrushka says to an old man passing by: "Lord, I'm still young, and I'm being taken to heaven!" ; the old man is jealous, gives Petrushka his cattle, climbs into a bag; Peter throws them into the sea; sees Petrushka with his cattle; Petrushka: "Have you seen bulbs? I'm the one who picked cattle from the sea. Y! How much of it is there!" ; Peter asks to throw him into the sea, reaches the shore himself; Petrushka throws him into the water and returns home]: Gusev 1893:358-363; Kumyks: Aliyeva 2012, No. 88 [Lonely Yankylak prepared firewood, Nine The Tonkullakov burned them; OYA collected coal, said he was selling gold, found the treasury, became rich; diesel fuel burned their arbs, went to sell coal, they were beaten; they killed OY's mother; he brought the body to another village, leaned against the door, the girl opened, the body fell, OYA said she was killed, got a girl in return; said he exchanged it for his dead mother; DT killed their mothers, went to sell, they were beaten; they put OYA in the bag was left by the cliff; Oya tells the shepherd that he is sitting in the bag because he does not want to become a kadiy; DT threw the bag off the cliff into the water; OYA returned {obviously with sheep}, he was left alone]: 399-400; Barsov 1882, No. 3 [a man named Tambiy took the lamb to the forest to graze and was eaten by a wolf; T. grabbed the wolf; he asked him not to kill, promised to tear the shepherd apart and bring a flock; T. left one ram to the wolf, He brought the others to his place; said that he left a lamb in the forest, and a month later it multiplied; the neighbors took the sheep into the forest, they were eaten by wolves; T.'s mother was killed; he brought her to another village, left her standing at the gate; he was invited to lunch; T. said that his mother was ashamed; she was pushed, T. accused the owners of murder, got two girls; told neighbors that in that village they give two girls for one dead man; residents opened the dead, they took them; they came back; put T. in a bag to throw into the sea; leaving the bag, they went to beat T. for sticks; T. shouts: I don't want to be a khan; the shepherd swapped places with him; he was thrown into the sea, T. brought a flock, said that from the bottom; neighbors allowed himself to be drowned; T. left one girl, and married her]: 129-132; Ossetians: Byazirov 1960, No. 223:108-109; 1972, No. 25:209-21; Dumezil 1976 [ the sledges decide to kill Sirdon; they hung him from a tree by his mustache and left; the shepherd drives the herd past; S.: I don't want to be an Aldar! the shepherd agrees to take his place to become Aldar; S. brings the herd to the village and says he got sheep at the cost of meat from the buttocks of Uruzmaga, Khamitsa and Soslan]: 962; Ingush [rich people take the harvest of the poor if the field is on the coast; Tsagen convinced the sowers not to give up the grain; the rich decided to drown W.; he asked not to plant him on boards, but to tie a stone to his neck and throw it into the sea; the rich decided that this was another deception, they put C. on a boardwalk; the rich man's son herds the sheep; C. swam to the shore, said he was swimming to the girls, sent the young man on a raft, took the sheep, told the rich that he had received them on the seabed; they jumped into the sea and drowned; the wives of the rich put C. in a bag, went to get stakes to beat him to death before throwing him into the sea; the shopkeeper carries a full arba of goodness; C. says who is put in a bag because he does not want to marry 7 girls, he changed from C., he was slaughtered and thrown into the sea; C. told the wives of the rich that their husbands live well and married sea women; wives with they threw themselves into the sea with stakes in their hands, drowned]: Sadulayev 2004, No. 99:255-259; Dargin residents: Aliyeva 2012, No. 85 [Nakrikutsul ("melody" + "ladle") sees that the mill is built so that under a millstone there was a lot of flour left, broke the millstone, took the flour; for this, the rich killed his mother; he placed the body outside the mullah's house, began to hide part of the food in his mother's pockets in the house; the mullah sent his daughter to call her mother N., N.: she is deaf, she must be pushed; her body has fallen, N. says that the mother was killed, she gets a mullah's daughter and an arba of kindness; tells the rich that girls and gold are given for murdered mothers; they kill their mothers, they laugh at them ; they burned N.'s house, he filled bags with ash, put a gold coin, stopped in a neighboring village, said that his gold had been replaced with ash, the owners found one coin, believed, gave gold; the rich burned their houses, brought them to exchange ash for gold, they were beaten; the rich carried N. to drown into the sea; he says he hid gold behind the rock; they threw the bag, ran to look for gold; N. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in bag because he does not want to become the head of the village; the shepherd changes places with him, he is drowned, N. drives the herd, says that there are many sheep at the bottom; the rich jumped into the sea and drowned; their wives tied N. to at home, ran for axes; N. says he was tied because he did not want to be a kadiy; a potter passing by asks to be tied; women hacked him down; N. brought pots home]: 390-393; Amirov 1878 [Mullah Nasreddin offended his jamaat in some way; then, in his absence, his house was turned into a latrine; when he returned, N. collected the crap, dried it, filled his bags and brought it to the city under the guise of a remedy against mice; sold everything in two days; the inhabitants of the village collected all the crap and also took them to the city; at this time, a messenger arrived from the city asking: how to use the powder; N.: catch the mouse and pour it powder in the eyes; the messenger returned and told; at this time, the villagers brought their crap; they were beaten; when they returned, they killed N.'s mother; he brought the corpse to a rich house and made it look like the old woman was alive; At lunch, N. takes two servings - for her mother, she is embarrassed to enter; they sent her daughter to call her; the corpse fell into the river; the girl was given for N.; he said that in the city he changed the corpse for a girl; fellow villagers killed old women, brought to the city; they were driven away with clubs; they burned N.'s house; he collected the coals in bags, putting a few silver coins on the bottom of each; went to town, stayed with a wealthy Jew, and in the morning he became shout that he was robbed; judge: if there was money, there was something left at the bottom; as it turned out, the judge ordered to fill the bags with silver; N. said that he sold the coals; the residents burned their houses, took them coals, they were poisoned with dogs; the residents decided to drown N.; he ran, told the shepherd that he was being chased to make him king; the shepherd agreed to change clothes; the shepherd was drowned, N. brought the sheep from the bottom ; all residents drowned]: 37-41; Rutultsy: Aliyeva 2012, No. 87:397; Lezgins: Aliyeva 2012, No. 86:394-395; Megrelians [the poor priest hid several coins in horseshoes with which the boat was savvy, sold it to the Jews for its weight in gold, ordered them to be locked in a wicker shed for three months; three months later there were only bones; when the Jews came to him, the priest filled the chicken goiter with blood, tied it to his wife's throat, pretended to stab her and revived her by playing chonguri; sold the chonguri to the Jews; they stabbed their wives; put the priest in a basket to drown her, and left her for a while; another walks by priests; the first explains that he was put in the basket by Jews because he does not want to take money from them; the second changes places with him; Jews see the former selling bulls at the bull market; he says that I took them out at the bottom; the Jews threw themselves into the water and drowned]: Lominadze 1894:30-32; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988, No. 137 [the younger brother separated from his elders and became impoverished; the wife tells her to obey; walk with with a donkey past the door of three merchants, each time throw a gold coin; merchants believe that a donkey litters gold, give enough gold to cover the donkey with its head; the man tells you to lock the donkey for 7 days, open on the eighth; the merchants do so, the donkey is starved; the man agrees with his wife to cook in advance, and when the merchants come, he will send a hare to her with orders to cook; sells houses to the merchants of another hare, whom he kept at home; after that, the man pretended to be dead, the merchants began to tear the grave, he gouged out one eye with a ramrod, they carried the "corpse" to drown; on the way they fell asleep, the man told the shepherd that he was being forced to become king; the shepherd allows himself to be tied up, thrown into the water, the man brings the herd, says that from the bottom; the merchants threw themselves into the water and drowned], 138 [Ivanika is the elder brother with Tackle's wife, Simonica is the youngest, his wife Tina; Tackle demands to separate the fool, S. and his wife were kicked out by giving him a goat; he went to sell it, sold it to the rock; when he returned, the jackals eat up the goat; S. thinks that the rock invited guests to a feast; demands money; hits the rock with a stone, a casket of gold falls out of it; Tackle sends I. to sell a cow to the rock, he throws stones at the rock to no avail; burned down the house of I., T. died, I. carried to bury her, leaned the corpse against a tree, the merchant's horses knocked her down, the frightened merchant gave a pack of gold and silver, S. says he sold the deceased; I. set fire to his house, Tackle died, he went to her sell, he was beaten; he put S. in a bag, carried him to throw him off the mountain; left the bag after the hare; S. tells the shepherd that he is sitting in a pawn for not wanting to marry a merchant's daughter, shepherd climbed instead of him, threw him off a cliff; S. brought sheep, said he was out of the abyss; I. rushed into it and died]: 270-273, 273-276; Chikovani 1986 [the man led to sell bulls, the pop bought it for pennies, the man's wife dissatisfied; the man paid the scourer in advance, invited the priest and others; after feasting, raised his hat, said, "In the count, we, the doughman," he did not demand money; the pop bought a magic hat for an expensive price, invited guests, tried to pay with a hat, disgraced; the man tied blood bubbles around his wife and children's neck; the pop came, the man stabbed his wife and children in front of his eyes; everyone accuses the priest for not stopping; the man spent with the blunt side of the knife up to the necks, the dead were resurrected; the pop bought a knife, stabbed his wife and father-in-law; grabbed the man, dragged him to drown; went to get the boat, the man told the shepherd that he had bought a sheep from him, and she turned out to be a dog; the shepherd untied the man; the pop caught the shepherd thinking it was a man, drowned him; the man brought the herd, said it was from the bottom; the pop asked him to drown]: 427-435; Wardrobe 1894, No. 3 (Guria) [the peasant caught a pheasant, and he asked him to let him go; for this, when the peasant died, he would gather all the birds for the funeral - this would be a motorcade; the peasant and his wife agreed that he would pretend to be dead, and she would close the doors and windows when the birds gather; they slaughtered many birds together; the merchant who came in is surprised by the abundance of game; peasant: it is my cat that catches everything you order; the merchant bought a cat; he only steals food from the house; the merchant returned to the peasant; he pretends to wash one grain of millet, then throws it into a pot in which porridge was cooked in advance; the merchant buys a pot; the peasant caught two birds with one stone, tied them to each the same ribbon; the merchant found it in the field; peasant: the cat could not be fed fried meat, and you also did something wrong with the pot; pretends to send a hare to his wife asking him to bring it to them lunch; the wife is warned, brings lunch and another hare, whom the merchant mistook for the same thing; the merchant bought a hare; the peasant filled his gut with blood, tied his wife around his neck; in front of the merchant, stabbed his wife and revived her by waving a knife; merchant: I forgive you for such a miracle; the merchant bought a knife, stabbed his wife; unable to revive her, he dragged the peasant into the forest, left him tied to a tree, and went to watch the funeral himself king; a shepherd brought a herd to the tree; the peasant shouted that he did not want to be king; the shepherd agreed to exchange places and clothes with the peasant; the merchant came after dark and brought the shepherd to the seashore; he shouts that he agrees to be king; the merchant thinks that the peasant is crazy and threw him into the sea; in the morning, a peasant with a herd met the merchant; the merchant asked him to drown so that he too to get cattle; a farmer drowned him]: 153-159; Azerbaijanis: Bagriy, Zeynally 1935 [Kechal throws manure outside; neighbors ask not to do so; he took a bag of manure and went with a caravan; at night, he changed his bag with a neighbor's bag containing gold coins; when he returned, he said that he had sold manure; the neighbors went to sell them, they were beaten; they put K. in a bag and left them by the river to drown; K. began to shout that he did not want to marry the princess; the shepherd replaced him, drowned him; K. brought the sheep, supposedly from the bottom; some of the neighbors jumped into the water, drowned; the rest left K. alone]: 448-450; Bogoyavlensky 1892c, No. 5 [lazy Kharkhali hired a shepherd, but did nothing; they wanted to kill him, they did not find him, burned down his house; H. asked his mother for two pieces of gold, put coals on the bottom of the bag; on top of the coals; on He deliberately scattered the crossing; said that the girls scattered his gold; the bag was shaken out, two pieces of gold at the bottom, a bag of gold was returned to him; H. said he sold the coals; the residents burned their houses, went to sell coals, they were beaten; the residents killed mother H.; he brought the corpse on a donkey to a wealthy house; asked the owner's daughter to call his mother; she pulled the old woman, the corpse fell, H. gave gold; the residents killed fathers and mothers, went sell, they were beaten; H. exchanged clothes with the shepherd, told him that they were running to kill him; the shepherd threw himself into the sea; H. brought sheep; the residents believed that they had thrown themselves from the sea into the water and drowned; two were left mullah; H. told them to kill him by shooting from both sides; sat down, the mullahs killed each other]: 305-308; the Turks [Beardless told his older sister to bring him to the field to eat, for a guest would come; caught a hare; In front of the guest, he sent the hare to his sister; soon the sister came, the guest believed that it was the hare who had given the order; the Beardless sold him a hare; the man sent the hare to his sister; the sister explained that he deceived; Beardless agreed with his sister to tie a gut of blood around her neck, pretend to be angry, "slaughter" his sister, and then play the flute to make her come to life; sold the flute to the man he stabbed his sister, she did not come to life; the man put Beardless in a bag, went to drown him, went to get a baton to beat him first; Beardless explained to the shepherd that the man was forcing him to marry his daughter; a shepherd sits in a bag, slaughtered and drowned; Beardless brings the herd, says from the bottom; that man threw himself into the sea and drowned]: Stebleva 1986, No. 61:259-261; Kurds [cowardly Alo afraid to leave the house; the old woman advises his wife to bake cakes, arrange them in the yard - they supposedly fell from the sky; A. goes out the door, his wife did not let him go back; A. asks for bread, three eggs, a bunch horsehair, goes to wander around the world; came to seven giants; they offer to play: who squeezes oil from under the mice (A. crushed eggs); whose mouse hair is longer (A. showed horse hair); who will crush a stone with his hand (A. took out a handful of flour); he was sent to bring water (A. brought an inflated wineskin and pretended to drink all the water immediately); he was sent for firewood, he pretends to tie the forest with a rope so that bring it all at once; A. hears that they are going to hack him at night, put a log under the blanket, complains about fleas in the morning; the giants decide to divide their gold, each gives a share to A., one refers it to him home; A. tells his wife to bring a pole to pay off the giant; he ran away in fear; A. tells his neighbors that he obtained gold by selling pieces of cowhides; neighbors slaughtered their cows in vain; they carried A. drown; he offers to drown him with music; neighbors follow Zurna and Dafa; A. shouts that he does not want to marry the padishah's daughter; the shepherd changed places with him, drowned; A. brought the herd, says that with bottom; all residents drowned, the last is an old woman, to whom A. explained that gurgling is the neighbors asking which sheep to take]: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 285:540-546.

Iran - Central Asia. Persians: Lorimer, Lorimer 1919, No. 29 (Kerman) [bald man's son asks him to marry; father promises to marry his uncle's daughter, sends him to sell a cow; 40 scanty-bearded men at Isfahan Bazaar queues convince the young man that his cow is a goat; the young man sells a cow for the price of a goat; this was enough to eat and buy a handkerchief for the bride; the father borrows 7 gold, brings the donkey to the beardless, unnoticed He puts gold in his mouth, he drops them; the beardless believe that the donkey produces gold, buy it for a thousand mists, having been instructed to feed him barley for 40 days; the donkey is eaten and dead; the bald man caught two foxes, left one to his wife, telling 40 people to cook dinner; with the other he meets the beardless; the fox lets go, telling his wife that guests will come - let him cook dinner; when he comes to the bald man's house, beardless people see a fox and a ready-made dinner, buy a fox for a hundred mists; send it to their wives, the fox is gone; they wait three days - he probably does not know the way, then they go to the bald one; he ties his wife under clothes sheep's stomach with blood; pretends to be angry that his wife brought an unripe melon, stabs her, she will fall as if dead, and when he puts a pipe in her mouth and the wife will stand up like nothing it did not happen; the bald man sold the pipe to the beardless; they killed their wives, they did not come to life; the beardless put the bald man in a bag, carried him to drown, left; hearing the shepherd chase the herd, the bald man begins to scream that he is not wants to marry the king's daughter; the shepherd changes places with him, is drowned; the bald man brings sheep, says he was given a herd at the bottom; the beardless jump into the water and drown, the bald man marries his son]: 180-190 ( similar but not identical text in the Ottomans 1987:464-468); Marzolph 1984, No. 1535 (Kerman, Mazendaran, Markazi) [a man stabbed a single cow in the hope that those invited to the feast would then invite him to himself, but this did not happen; he deceived a lot of money for his skin; neighbors slaughter their cows and tried in vain to sell their skins for a high price; put the deceiver in a bag to drown; he swapped places with shepherd; the shepherd was drowned, the deceiver brought his herd, said that from the bottom; neighbors jumped into the sea and drowned]: 221-222; Yagnobtsy: Andreev, Peschereva 1957, No. 30:150-153; Rushantsy: Sokolova 1959, No. 12:38-43; Bartangans: Sokolova 1960, No. 10:55-59; Yazgulyam people: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 53:430-437; Wakhans: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 54:437-439 (= Pakhalina 1975, No. 4:150-152); Ishkashim: Pakhalina 1959, No. 7:133-135; Munjans: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 53:430-437; Sarykol residents: Pakhalina 1966:234-236; Tajiks : Osmanov 1989:459-461; Tajiks (Sina, Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border, mountains) [fox eats dekhanin's melons; he makes a scarecrow, smears resin; fox calls out to a resin figure, hits one, the other with his foot, etc., sticks; the dekhanin and his wife tie the fox in the basket, go for firewood; the fox tells the dog that he will become the owner's son-in-law, offers to change with him; the owner found the dog, beat him for a long time, kicked him out]: Levin et al. . 1981, No. 338:259; mountain Tajiks: Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 46, 47:148-150, 150-153; Uzbeks: Rogov 1980 [so far Provorny made 9 arbs, 9 lazy only one; out of envy they burned his arbs; The agile man pretended to exchange the ash for gold; the lazy burned their arbs, carried them to sell ash, ridiculed and beaten; they came to beat Agile, stumbled upon a donkey in the dark and killed him; Agile put a dead donkey at the wheat ricks, the landlord hit him with a stick, Agile said that he killed his donkey and received money for it; the lazy stabbed their donkeys, took them to sell, they were beaten; The agile ran into the steppe, the lazy chased him; towards the buy; Agile says they want to make him a shah; buy is called to be a shah instead of him, Agile shows where to run; lazy chase still behind him]: 224-229; Afzalov et al. 1972 (2) [40 bald people in one village, one smart man, Yuz Muhammad, asks not to be called bald (Kal), slaughs a cow for this, he continues call Kahl; he makes overshoes out of his skin, sells one farmer, who sends him to his wife to pay for grain, Yum notices his lover's house; at night he slowly takes him away, for this receives a purse of gold from the hostess, says to 39 bald people that he received money for his overshoes; they slaughter their cows, they laugh at them, they burn down Yum's house; he is lucky to sell ash, says it valuables, if a woman sits on the bag, they will turn into ash; bai's wife sits down, he gives a bag of silver; 39 bald men try to sell ash; Yum's mother is almost beaten to death; he takes her to bay, buy pushes her donkey, old woman falls, dies, buy gives 10 bags of wheat; 39 bald men beat their mothers in vain; Hume runs away, tells the shepherd that he does not want to be a casino, changes clothes with him; 30 bald ones drown the shepherd ; Hume brings sheep, says that from the underwater kingdom; 39 bald sheep take the reflection of sheep for a herd in the water, drown]: 332-340; Pashtuns [the old man's ox entered a foreign field; the field owner cut his tongue, his ox died; the old man sent his son to sell his skin; night fell and the young man climbed the tree with his skin; below the robbers swore: let the thunder amaze the one who had hidden part of the loot from others; young men dropped his skin, it crashed down; the robbers who hid everything mistook it for God's punishment and ran away, the young man took possession of the loot; said he helped out by selling the skin; people they slaughtered the cattle, went to sell their skins, they were ridiculed; the young man was tied to a pole by the river with the intention of drowning; a highlander walks by, the young man screams that he did not want to marry the king's daughter; the highlander changed with him in some places, drowned; a young man appeared in the village, said that he brought sheep at the bottom of the river, brought three, and would go again after breakfast; residents jumped into the river and drowned]: Thorburn 1876:184-185.

Baltoscandia. Norwegians: Dasent 1970:336-345; Swedes [the peasant's only cow died, he went to sell his skin, found a pot of gold; borrowed a measure from the village chief, stuck to it coin; the poor man explained that he got the money by selling his skin; the rich village (Dofväter) slaughtered their cows in vain; when they came to the peasant, they saw that his wife was covered in blood; he played the pipe, the wife "came to life"; they bought a pipe, killed their wives; the peasant put coins under the tail of the horse, the rich bought the horse, believing that it was littering gold; they put the peasant in a barrel, brought him to drown, left him for a while; he swapped places with the shepherd; the shepherd was drowned in the sea, the peasant brought the herd, said it was from the bottom]: Liungman 1961, No. 1535:304-305; Western Sami (Lyngen, coast of northern Norway) [mother died, Matthias put his body on a sleigh, went to town, came to a wealthy merchant who poured him vodka; M. said that his old mother was waiting for him outside, could she also pour it; the merchant offered the old woman a cup of vodka, she is silent, he hit her, M. accused the merchant of murder, he paid the money; after burying his mother, he came home, cooked porridge, put the pot on Keule {log?} ; the king saw, bought Keule for a lot of money; his wife began to cook porridge - she did not cook; the king came to M., his sister said he was sleeping, went to wake him up; M. stabbed the goat in advance, tied his sister under his apron stomach with blood; entering the room, pretended to be angry with his sister, stabbed him in the stomach, splashed blood; M. took a wand with a hole and began to blow his sister's ears until she "came to life"; king bought a wand, he and his wife killed the child, he did not come to life; the king put M. in a barrel; it was left for three days to be thrown into the ice-hole; M. screams that he was in paradise; the cattle merchant wanted to take his place {and drowned in an ice-hole}; M. brought the herd, told the king that it was from the bottom; the king also wanted to get the herd, sat in a barrel for three days, drowned; M. became king and celebrated a lavish wedding; I was stuffed into a barrel and shot to stop lying]: Lagercrantz 1958, No. 373:119-123; Western Sami [Sisseløna, the youngest of three sisters, did not wear clothes, but was covered in hair like a goat; the older sisters did not took it with them; the king promised a prince and half the kingdom to the one who would steal three things from the troll; 1) a golden chest; S. came at night and took away the chest; 2) a bull with a bell that the troll rides like horses; S. took the bull out, put grass in the bell, took her across the river; the troll saw S., brought him to him, put it in a bag, hung it in the kitchen, went to look for a stick to beat her; at this time, the troll's wife began cooking porridge, S. laughed, said that she saw something beautiful in the bag; the trollich changed with her, fell asleep in a bag; S. brought the bull to the king, and the troll killed his wife, thinking that S. was in the bag; the troll again chased S., saw the river on the other side, tried to drink the river, burst; S. got a prince and half the kingdom]: Pollan 2005, No. 14:75-76; the Danes [the motive for putting the rogue in the bag is found in connection with similar fairy tales in Denmark]: Sumtsov 2015:134; Karelians (Kalevala district) [Homa told his wife to bake pies, hid it along the road in the snow; gentlemen are coming, H. pokes a peak in the snow, pulls out pies; says that the peak is magical, sells at a high price; tells his wife to say that he is dead; lies down, taking three red-hot ramrods; the gentlemen decided to pump the dead offender in the mouth, he plunged the ramrod into their ass; the gentlemen planted H. in a bag, taken to drown; there is no ice-hole in the river, they went on foot; H. shouts that he does not want to be a judge; the judge goes, agrees to get into the bag instead of H.; drowned; H. comes on his horses, says who got them at the bottom; puts a hundred rubles down the drain, hits the horse, he drops a hundred rubles; gentlemen tell them to be sent under the ice; H. also took their horses]: Onegin 2010, No. 60:495-497; {cf. Veps [a fool sells calfskin that "knows everything"; his brothers kill their animals but cannot sell their skins profitably; brothers accidentally kill a mother instead of a fool; a fool carries his mother's body to the city and presents the case as if her master killed her; extorts money from him; the brothers want to drown a fool, but he escapes]: Onegin, Zaitseva 1996, No. 26:203; it is impossible to judge from the paraphrase whether there is motive}; Lithuanians [six Toothless saw and killed the Cross-eyed bull; K. took off his skin, came with his wife to the fair and taught her what to do; "When a woman is inside, the bull sings and dances, when the woman is outside, is silent!" The bull is dancing, the merchant bought it, the wife got out of her skin; K. told the Toothless that he sold the skin for a thousand gold; they slaughtered their bulls, went to sell their skins for a thousand gold, they were driven away; they put K. in the bag, carried to drown, left it for a while; K. asked the shepherd to untie the bag, put a stump there, B. threw the bag into the water; K. herds that shepherd's sheep, says he received them at the bottom; B. jumped into the water, barely escaped, they left K. alone]: Grishina 1993:43-47.

Volga - Perm. Komi-Zyryans: Doronin 2004:214-219; Chuvash (Simbirsk Gubernia, 1907): Chuvash Tales 1937:46-52; Mordovians (Erzya) [Master Kolesnik]: Yurtov 1883, No. 26:249-271 (=Evseviev 1964 , No. 50:340-343); Mordovians [deceiver Mikit]: Paasonen 1941:308-316; Marie: Beke 1938, No. 54:534-538; Bashkirs: Barag 1990, No. 153 [Shahir]: 356-359; Bessonov 1941 [bald], No. 53, 55: 271-272, 275-277.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Sidelnikov 1958 (=Daurenbekov 1979:324-329, =Kanbak-Shal 1985:9-14); Karakalpaks: Baskakov 1951 (Takhtakupyr District): 45-46; Volkov, Mayorov 1959:75-80; Kyrgyz [y Aldar has no cattle; he tells his wife to ask her father to cut a calf out of the tree; gave it to the shepherd to graze; when the shepherd drove the herd home, the wooden calf remained; when he returned with A. the calf was gone; the judge ordered compensation for the loss; A. and his wife got a cow, slaughtered them, sold meat, built a house; said they sold their skin for 500 rubles; everyone slaughtered their cows, but Ail Petty Officer sold his skin for 5 rubles, and others even cheaper; Aldar was put in a chest and thrown into the river; he shouts that he did not want to be a judge; the foreman's son exchanged seats with him; A. took his sheep, said that under pasture with water; everyone in turn ordered them to be drowned in chests; A. healed well]: Sulaimanov 1998:23-30; (cf. Kyrgyz [in winter, a farmer lost to Khan in Toguz-kumalak (playing with balls on a board), who demanded grapes; Kalak, the son of a farmer, told the khan's son that his father was bitten by a snake; - It doesn't happen in winter snakes. - And grapes too; the khan praised the boy, forgave the loss, but decided to get rid of K.; took him to the city, told him to walk; K. told the cook that the khan likes to eat beshbarmak with a spoon and a spoon it must be heated; the khan took a spoon and shouted "Kaalak!" (cry of fear); K.: I'm here; Khan tells K. not to let go of bridles, otherwise thieves will steal horses; K. sold horses, went to bed with bridles in his hands; Khan wrote a letter on K.'s back to his son with ordering to kill the messenger; on the way, K. made something like a skullcap out of honey and millet, put it on his head; pretended that his hat was edible and food did not run out; sold it to dice players for one of them, erased what the khan had written from his back and ordered him to marry the khan's daughter and give the half khanate, because the khan allegedly lost everything to Kalak; the khan ordered K. to be put in a bag, drowned; wife warned; K. made a scarecrow, which they drowned; told his wife to cry as if for a dead person; he bought sheep himself, said that he had brought them from the bottom; there was paradise, he met his father and grandfather, rams were a gift to Khan from them; there is only a cauldron and bricks for the hearth; the khan's son jumped into the river with a cauldron tied to his back, followed by a khan, both drowned]: Brudny, Eshmambetov 1977:175-179); Uighurs (Lobnor) [one bastard ox, seven have no cattle; they offered the first to live with them; tortured the ox to work, then killed; the first crappy man took off his skin, told his wife to cook meat and pretend she was dead; seven bastards believed, ate meat {according to the logic of the story, the first must revive his wife in front of the guests}; seven killed their own wives; burned down the first's house, but he managed to climb the tree unnoticed; packed it in bags ash and coal; told two girls that his parents were in the bags; there were ash and coal; the girls gave silver and gold; the bastard told the seven that he had sold ash and coals; they burned their houses; they tied The bastard went to the tree to burn; he told the passerby that he had an ugly leg and arm, and now they have recovered; the passerby has taken the place of the bastard, for his arms and legs are also sick; seven of him burned]: Malov 1956, No. 4:44-48; Dungans: Riftin et al. 1966, No. 58:254-255.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Siberian Tatars ["identical tales were recorded by Siberian Tatars"]:? : 134; Kumandins [two brothers sow bread, send a third fool to herd sheep; sheep run away, he gouges out their eyes; next time they don't want to cross the river; they're probably afraid to soak their shoes, he took it off - cut off their legs; he is sent to the city to buy cups, spoons, pots, salt, a table for the holiday; on the way back he sees burnt stumps - the brothers freeze without a hat, put pots on the stumps; the kites scream - puts oats into their cup; the table has 4 legs - let him go; the horse does not drink water in the river - he does not want without salt, the fool pours salt into the river; the horse still does not drink, he kills him; the brothers put the fool in a bag they carried to drown, left while they were looking for an ice-hole; the sick son of the priest rides, the fool says he is in a bag to recover; the son of the priest climbs into the bag, the fool leaves on his horse; tells the brothers that caught at the bottom; brothers ask them to drown, the fool got rich]: Baskakov 1972:185-188; Shors: Chudoyakov 2002:90-91 [the younger brother is lazy and stupid; the elders and their wives decided to drown him; put him in a bag, brought to the river, but could not be pushed into the water; went for sticks; he began to sing; a merchant was walking by; a fool says he learned to sing in a bag; the merchant undressed, climbed into the bag to become a singer; a merchant drowned, and a fool put on his clothes and came on his horse], 99-103 [while Argachi was hunting, the robber and Kuyurchi's forces burned down his hut; A. brought Karatta Kaanu's bags of coals, said they were gold and silver, but if opened, everything will turn into ash and coals; Khan tells his daughters to open it, A. is indignant, the khan fills his bags with gold and silver; K. burned down his hut, came to the khan, he ordered it to be carved; K. killed bull A.; A. asked Khan to let his bull go to his bulls; when bull A. was found dead in the morning, A. said that Khan's bulls were hurting him; Khan gave him a better bull; A. told K. that Khan was changing dead bulls alive; K. stabbed the bull, brought it to the khan, who ordered him to be carved again; K. decided to burn A. at the crossroads of seven roads; went for firewood; A. tells Khan's crooked son, who was passing by, that he had one eye also leaked out, but if he stands tied, his eye will recover; Khan's son untied A., A. tied him; K. burned Khan's son, and A. took his expensive horse and clothes; says K. that he saw him Sveta and his father and he gave him everything; Father K. also prepared a gift for his son; K. ordered himself to be burned; shouted, and then burned down], 104-107 [Argynak is poor, not even a dog; made a snare, took an ax, went to hunt; began to hit the ground with an ax; answers the bear that he was healing the earth; he also asks him to be treated; A. killed him; a fox was in one of the snakes; at home he tied it near the house; brothers-in-law came; A. says that bears catch it; sells a fox to his brothers-in-law for a lot of money; brothers-in-law sent a fox for bears, she disappeared into the forest; at home A. tied a bear intestine with blood to his wife's neck, taught him what to do; when his brothers-in-law came, he began to accuse his wife that she was still sleeping, stabbed him, and then "resurrected" them; sold a knife, his brothers-in-law stabbed his wives; put A. in a bag to burn; he speaks to a one-eyed person passing by a merchant who heals his eye in a bag; the merchant swapped places with A., burned, A. rides his horse to his brothers-in-law; says that he met their wives, they drink vodka and call them, they must jump from the top of the tree across the lake; brothers-in-law drowned]; Khakas: Katanov 1907:247-252; Tuvans (Khemchik): Taube 1978, No. 61:290-294 (=Samdan 1994, No. 12:333-341); Khadahane 1984:28-32; South Altai Tuvans : Taube 1978, No. 41:259-260; Buryats: Dugarov 1990:287-291, 336-340; Oirats (durbuts): Potanin 1883, No. 49.1:235-237; Khalkha-Mongols: Bystrov et al. 1962:289-293; Borovkov 1938: 40-46; Starodumova 2003:127-130; Mongols (Ordos): Mostaert 1937, No. 21 in Solovyov 2014; Dagurs: Stuart 1994:108.

Western Siberia. Nenets: Tonkov 1936:194-200; Mansi [Ekva-Pyris lives with his grandmother; goes to the city; the priest has three white horses harnessed into a sledge; E. asks to borrow horses - bought flour; came to the popadye, He orders to give a box of money, they say, the pop sent it, he bought a white horse; killed the horses, took the money; the tsar tells him to drown; the priests sewed E. into a cowhide bag, left the Cossack to guard; E. shouts: to me there is no need for gold and silver money; explains to the Cossack that they give money in the bag, he changes places with E.; E. put on a Cossack's clothes, stole three more horses, sewn them back in a bag, hung them on the church door, the chief pop stayed on guard; E.: I'm here with God's mother and father; the pop changed with him; the bag was beaten with sticks, E. came to the king in the priest's clothes; the queen recognized him, went for a walk with him and the king; E. asked the king to undress, tore him to pieces, put on his clothes; disguised as a king, he accused the priests of not being able to kill E., but instead killed the chief priest; he also killed E.; became a good king]: Tales peoples of the North 1991:5-10; Eastern Khanty: Kulemzin, Lukina 1978, No. 112 (b. Yugan) [the nephew lives with his aunt, kills an elk; goes to the city, the merchant hires him to herd his horses; the merchant leaves, the guy watches the merchant, who always comes back drunk from the straw; watches, hears how the straw replies to the merchant that he has one bottle of white wine left, one of red wine; the guy brings a horse's skin to the straw, creaks it, says where the wine is, sells omniscient skin for gold; leaves for an aunt, kills her with an ax, puts her in a sleigh as if alive, accuses the merchant that he killed her, he pays gold; the guy tells the straw man that he earns money selling the dead; he kills his wife, tries sell him, he is driven; he wraps the guy in the skin of a horse for the night to drown him in the morning; the guy tells the passerby that he collects gold in his skin, he climbs in his place; freezes; the guy takes his cattle, tells the straw man what he got into the ice-hole; he asks him to wrap him in his skin, dies; the guy also takes his cattle]: 121-125; Soldatova 2008, No. 19 (b. Wah, 2008) [Alva lives with her grandmother, a merchant on the other side; A. wrapped his grandmother in cows and blood; when the merchant's messengers came, he stabbed him, the grandmother pretended to be dead; A. told the knife "Who killed him, revive him", my grandmother "came to life"; the merchant bought a knife for a lot of money, began to poke the guests, they did not come to life; the merchant ordered A. to be drowned, wrapped in leather, left for the night; he shouts to those passing by that he was in the water he dived, he has wealth {not clear}; one person changed with A., he was drowned; A. took the expensive fabrics of the drowned man, brought him home; told the merchant's messenger that he had obtained everything at the bottom; the merchant's wife fell ill, A. came to shamanize, began to cry; to prevent him from crying, the merchant gave him three daughters and all his wealth {not clear}]: 126-127; northern Selkups: Tuchkova, Wagner-Nagy 2015, No. 56 (E.D. Prokofiev, Yanov Stan, 1926) [Icha lived with his grandmother, old Prince Corse across the river; Icha tied sable skins around the dog's neck, let him go; the prince's servants came; a dog came; they believed that she was getting sables herself, K. bought dog for horse; Icha killed the horse, filled her intestines with blood, tied it under his grandmother's sundress; the servants returned; Icha: you spoiled my dog; grandmother: you told her to sell it, stabbed her, bleed, grandmother fell like dead; Icha pretends not to sell the knife: sorry for your grandmother, you killed, you will revive it; Grandma "came to life"; Icha pretends not to sell the knife, only gave it a try; and don't spoil it - they can only kill the rich; K. cut all the rich, no one came to life; Icha: they ruined the knife, they probably killed the poor; K. tells Icha to be killed; Icha: first leave them in the bag for the night to suffer; rich merchants go past the ice-hole; Icha: from the ice-hole goods will come out; reluctantly allows merchants to get into the bag with a promise to leave him some of the wealth; the merchants were drowned, Icha took the wealth; princely servants: he found everything in the ice-hole; K. and all the bosses they ordered them to be sewn into leather bags, drowned; Icha lives well], 57 (AI Kuzmina, written in Russian) [Ichekichika lived with his grandmother, near Tsarsky Koltsak ira ("ira" is "old man"); I. stole a cow, stabbed; tied his grandmother with guts and blood; a servant came with a rifle; I. tells the grandmother to receive a guest, she hesitates, he pretends to cut her, blood is shed; then the grandmother came to life; the governor told the servants buy a knife to teach lazy women a lesson; I.: you need to cut clean people, you can't keep a knife on the floor; the governor and servants stabbed their wives; I. want to arrest, then a dog comes running, a hundred sable skins around his neck; they bought a dog - nothing; I. was sewn into rawhide to drown; I. sends servants to look for a large stone to drown it, put sable skins with it; a caravan is coming, the merchant believes that there is gold at the bottom and sable skins; drowned; I. took three carts of goods; the governor and all the rich drowned], 58 (A.I. Kuzmina, Turukhansk, 1977) [about as in (57); Kol'sako-old man]: 243-246, 250-252, 259-261; nganasana [Oeloko (Dyaiku) as tall as a finger, worked for Russian merchants; told his wife to fill a bubble of partridges blood, hide it under her arm; agrees with his wife what to behave when he brings him to visit merchants; merchants came, the wife is angry, says that there is no food; D. stabbed her, blood has flowed; the three talins brought are three sons; concerns every "dead" wife, she finally gets up; D. with a visible reluctantly gives his "sons" to merchants in exchange for food supplies; three merchants killed their wives; decided to drown D.; he asks to find a stone of three pounds, brings it to his friend in the river; while merchants are looking for a stone, he arrives dolganin on horseback; takes his reflection for a rich guy in the river; untied D., ordered himself to tie himself up to visit; drowned; tells merchants that he exchanged a stone at the bottom for a beaded park; merchants they ordered to drown themselves]: Long 1938:110-116.

Eastern Siberia. Evens: Novikova 1958:70-72; 1987:74-76; Vitim Evenks [Codon digs a girl out of the grave, leaves her by a pine tree near her house; the owner's daughters touch her, she crumbles K. gets the owner's two daughters for the "murdered" wife or sisters; K. wraps their necks in their guts, says that he pricked their necks, made them beautiful; men prick their wives in their necks, they die; they want to burn Codon, he binds a trusting person instead of himself; K. returns, allegedly after being burned, sends greetings to the men from his deceased wives]: Voskoboynikov 1980:24-25; Yakuts (the place of recording is not specified; Vilyuysky? ) [The Mockingbird Liar (OP) tells three merchant sons that his horse is defecating with silver coins; he stuffed their horse down the drain, the merchants believed, bought a horse; realizing that they were deceived, killed OP's wife and burned down his house; OP, returning from town, said that ash and dead bodies were worth the price in the city; merchants killed their wives and burned their houses; in the city they went to prison; when they returned, they put the OP in a bag, cut through ice-hole, went to get a net to remove the ice; a man on three horses arrived; OP said that sitting in a bag he heals his eyes; the one who came also wanted to be treated, changed places with OP; drowned; OM arrives on the top three; says that there is a rich country at the bottom, he made easy money on horses; merchants wanted to go under water and allowed them to drown]: Popov 1936a: 175-177.

Amur - Sakhalin. Nanais: Kiele 1996, No. 42:375-389; Wilta [Argaccia collected coal and covered it with branches; passed it off as fur in the city ("he brought a lot of every skin"); received a lot of money; Puxene went sell coal, he was beaten; A. killed his mother, dressed her up, put the corpse at the well; went into the house, said that his wife was left on the street, he was told to bring her, the girl went, touched her shoulder, the body fell into a well, A. received a girl instead of the imaginary murdered ex-wife; A. said P. that he squeezed the murdered mother for the girl, "they regret the dead very much in the city"; P. killed his mother, went to sell him, he was beaten; P. overlaid A. with firewood to burn; A.'s mother came from the dead, took his form and took his place; seeing that A. was alive, P. agreed to be burned; died]: Ikegami 2007, No. 16:62-67.

Japan. Japanese (Tohoku to North Kyushu, 22 versions): Ikeda 1971, No. 1539:252-253; Ainu [the deceiver climbed a pine tree and smeared the branches with chewed rice: as if it were bird droppings; said to a rich man that there was a peacock's nest on the pine tree; the rich man asked the deceiver to climb himself, because he did not know how to climb trees; he climbed a pine tree and said he saw the rich man's house burning; he rushed home, but the house was intact; the rich told the servants to roll the deceiver into mats and drown him; by the river he said that he still had treasures at home - let them take it and then drown it; at that time a blind man came up; The deceiver said that he was tied up to cure his blindness, and now he saw the light; the blind man untied the deceiver and took his place; drowned; wearing the blind man's rich clothes, the deceiver said he received it from the goddess at the bottom of the river; she arranged everything to marry him; but the village elder is more worthy to be her husband; he tells him to tie himself up and throw himself into the river; and the deceiver became an elder and settled in his house]: Chamberlaine 1888, No. 42:

SV Asia. Tundra Yukaghirs (Nizhnekolymsky District) [=Kurilov 2005, No. 46:379-383; Tebegey, who has a blind wife, replies to a fabulous old man that his ax itself is stabbing firewood; he sticks an ax in the morning comes back, the ax is in the old place; T. cooks meat, threw snow at the cauldron, replies that the cauldron itself; the SS does not cook; pokes his wife with a knife, says that she saw the light; the SS hacked his wife to death with an ax; the SS asks T. what kind of death he wants to die; T. tells him to put him in a bag, drown him in an ice-hole; halfway he says that he forgot his sheath, sent the SS to bring them; passing lamutes shouts that saw the light; a blind old woman sits in a bag instead of him, the SS drowned her; T. comes on deer, says the SS that it's good at the bottom, his wife is there; the SS orders to drown herself]: Gogolev et al. 1975:234-235; forest Yukaghirs: Jochelson 1900, No. 17 [when a fabulous old man came to Debegei, D. pretended to cook his pot himself; the SS took the pot, but he did not cook from him, he broke it; D. says he also has the ax cuts himself; the same (the SS broke the ax with anger against the stone); the SS wife's eyes became blind; D.: put her in the plague, extinguish the fire, wave it with a sharpened knife; when the SS lit the fire, the wife's head is in one place, her legs in friend; SS put D. in his bag and let's drown; D.: bring my belt, you can't die without it; two girls are coming; D.: I'm flying in my eyes; the girls' mother is blind, they put her in a bag instead of D.; the SS drowned her; D. came with the girls, said he found wives at the bottom; the SS ordered himself to be drowned, crashed against a rock, fell into the sea]: 34-384; Kreinovich 1982 [Debegey puts fat in the pot, snow on top, puts it on the fire, pretends that the pot cooks, turning snow into any food; another person believes him, gives his wealth, his wife; D. takes him away to the mountain; when he returns, explains that the pot did not cook because it was new the owner went where he used to go, D.; promises the blind old Even to heal his eyes, gets deer for it; next time that man puts D. in a bag, prepares to drown; D. says he does not will die of water, he must be pushed off a cliff; sends a man to bring his forgotten belt and glasses; to the blind son of a blind Evenk who comes, explains what is in the bag to heal his eyes; he unties D. puts his father in a bag; another person brings a belt, glasses, pushes the bag off a cliff into the river; D. is with even deer, says he received wealth from relatives from the river; another person asks to throw him off, dies; = Zhukova, Chernetsov 1992:61-65]: 288-292; (cf. Chukchi (recent borrowing): Portugalov 2009:33-35).