Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

N29. Until the boiler boils. 29.30.32.-.36.


time required to perform an action or elapsed since the event described is estimated by comparing it with the time it takes for water to boil and/ or food has been prepared.

Adyghe, Shugnans, Uzbeks, Udmurts, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Oirats, Northern Khanty, Southern Khanty, Mansi, Tundra and Forest Nenets, Northwestern Yakuts.

{The existence of a parallel between the Udmurt and Ob-Ugric texts was noted by Vladimir Napolskikh (2010:216; 2015:439)}.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Adygei people (Abadzekhs, Shovgenovsky District, 1959) [fairy tale episode: "{Tleubokozh asked his eldest son} "How many people could you handle?" "Until the pasta water boils (cool millet porridge cooked without salt}, I'll kill ten." Tleubokozh asked the average man how many others he could kill. "I'll kill fifteen until the pasta is cooked," he replied. To the same question from his father, the youngest replied: "By removing the skin from the sheep, I will kill all twenty-five." "Let's go then," said Tleubokozh and drove the herd of horses away. All twenty-five formidable others rode after them. The father and sons dealt with them - they killed them all"]: Aliyeva 1978, No. 16:159.

Iran - Central Asia. Shugnans (early 1930s) [fairy tale episode: "Well, sawmills started sawing. They sawed this plane tree three times as long as it took to cook osh (noodle soup made from bean meal}. Finally they sawed it, pulled out the chest, and gave it to the blacksmiths. They began to fan the fire in the furnace"]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 2:68; Uzbeks [Divana-i-Mashrab (biography and collection of poems by Namangan Sufi and poet Mashrab, who lived in the second half of the 17th - early 18th centuries): "And ending with a cry "Allah Akbar!" , Mashrab prostrated himself and lay so long that he could cook pilaf at that time. He did not raise his head off the ground, and the young people, who raised their heads unnoticed, heard snoring from the mihrab's side"]: Lykoshin 1910:127.

Volga - Perm. Udmurts (river basin) Kilmez) [motives of heroic legends: "a hero's ability to run/ride a horse, estimated by comparing the time in which he traveled a certain distance with the time necessary in order for water to boil /fish to cook or by the fact that while he run/drove in his bosom, the hot loaf did not have time to cool down"; "before death, the hero offers enemies (in case Bursina is the Pore people, in the case of Algazy, in Russian, Cheremis) remove the intestines from his dead body and gird them with them and then cook them and eat them (Bursin) or wrap them around a tree (Algazy) . In the first case, the enemies, fearing the hero's strength, wrapped his intestines around a pole, and he rose to the sky (apparently, the same fate would await the enemies), in the second case, the enemies moved away from the oak tree around which they wrapped the intestines at a distance that can be walked until the cabbage soup is cooked"]: Napolskikh 2010:216, 220-221 (=2015:439, 443).

Turkestan. Kazakhs (Syr-Darya Region) [fairy tale episodes: "All his [one of the hunters}'s efforts to find the goat were in vain, so the whole squad got off their horses and intensified their search. On foot, they scattered like ants along the slopes of the mountains; and the khan himself took part in the search for a goat. It took as long as it would take to boil a full pot of milk, and a crowd of hunters found a goat hiding in the gorge. Until they frightened her, they let an unfamiliar hunter know, who could shoot an arrow right in her eye"; "Khan's companions, considering his words to be correct, entered the cave. Some giant used to live there. Hunted by hunger, the hunters did not pay attention to anything and began to eat meat that was cooked in a cauldron. After as long as it would take to boil a full pot of milk, the hunters satisfied their hunger and began to look around and see themselves in a huge house" (see summary in K64 motif data)]: Ostroumov 1891:206; Kyrgyz [fairy tale episodes: "It turns out that your wife and your strong camel left here as long as it takes time to cook twice lamb meat"; "Your wife rested where there was shade. Then the sun sank to the west, and so did the shade. During this time, you will have time to cook lamb meat twice! And you never noticed anything"]: Brudny, Eshmambetov 1977:160-161.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. The Oirats (probably Kukunor Olets) [a book version of The Heseriade, printed in 1716 in Beijing in woodcut and similar in language to the southwestern Oirat dialects: "From Rogmo Goa's famous shooters, one shot so that the arrow he fired early in the morning returned to earth when the sun shines more than three-quarters of its path; the other's arrow returned after as long as two teas could be brewed; the third arrow returned after as long as one tea could be brewed"]: Kozin 1935:70.

Western Siberia. Northern Khanty (Son, 1937) [fairy tale episode: "Now the bear has begun to pull out its guts. Then they began to pull out all their guts. Whoever can't pull their guts out, comes up with a fox, pulls them out. During the period of time until the cauldron boils, all the animals died. This is how the fox, with her cunning, provided herself with food for half the winter"]: Steinitz 2014, No. 32:199; Southern Khanty (Konda, 1888) [episodes of the epic tale: "If you intend to marry me, don't wait for the boiling pot to boil, don't wait for a pot that takes time to boil to ripen. Get dressed fast, come fast!" ; "It has been a week since Bloody Hero Nyank-Hush, his youngest daughter, a girl, was taken to numerous Samoyed men. On the smooth sand, washed by forty waves, she wrote there: I was taken to numerous men on the Samoyed side, breaking my arms and breaking my legs. When both sons of the Husband with the Sweeping Hand and the Chiapar Woman arrive, let them not wait for the boiling pot to boil, let them not wait for the long-term cauldron to ripen"; "My matchmakers, listen to the matchmaker! I live at the springs of seven rivers, six rivers, where will I get expensive shoes and expensive clothes to dress your 300 husbands? I will send expensive shoes and clothes to the river bank. Just wait for the boiling pot to boil, wait until the long-term boiler ripens"]: Lukina 1990, No. 36:142, 150, 156; Mansi: Lukina 1990, No. 106 (Vejakory, 1937) [an episode of a mythological tale: the iron loon "dived again. She came up - she has nothing. I dived for the third time. They crumbled frozen fish into a cauldron, crushed melted fish into a cauldron. When the pot of frozen fish boiled with meltwater, the loon emerged. You can see blood on her head. A small piece of earth holds in its beak. I bit it tightly. She brought it to the backyards of the house, put it between the logs. She went up and flew away"]: 273; Rombandeeva 2005, No. 49 (Khoshlog, 1959) [episode of a mythological legend: "There is this news among our Mansi: on the land where we now live, there was sacred water, a lot of hot water. The surface of the earth then burned down and became like ocher. It is said that this ocher has already sunk deep into the ground, but traces of it are still visible. The water came up for a short time, [for a while], in which you can cook meat food. People learned about the impending disaster in seven days"]: 317; Tundra Nenets (Verkhnyaya Khadyta, Nadym District, 1973) [fairy tale episodes: "Holding on to each other like drunk, they went to their house. Suddenly the Old Man fluttered out of the hands of his two sons like a bird. He opened the barn with his chest. I sped deep into the water. Two Older Sons had been waiting for him so long that the meat would be cooked. The Rich and Lucky Merchant doesn't even make a rustle. The two Oldest Sons were worried"; the fool "saw the sparkling seat, got up, opened his mouth, and stood so long that he could boil tea during this time"]: Pushkareva, Khomich 2001, No. 4:179, 183; Forest Nenets [in one of the tales, "a hero and a giant compete in pulling a mammoth stick just as long as the kettle boils", and after the 'mammoth horn' breaks, they took up compete on an iron stick, "how much the kettle boils and the boiler boils" (usually such a competition - ngyhydarmya - lasts a few seconds)"]: Golovnev 1995:299.

Eastern Siberia. Northwestern Yakuts (Olenek district, 1943) [fairy tale episode: "The hand stuck. Chaarchahaan was very surprised. Now he hit him with his left hand. And this hand stuck too. I kicked my feet, they stuck just as well. At last only the head was left. "I still can't run away now," he thinks and hits his forehead. The forehead sticks too. It costs so long that during this time a pot of frozen meat could be cooked"; G.U. Ergis's comment: "This is fast - the time it takes to cook a pot of frozen meat (about one or one and a half hours) served as a measure of time in the old days. Also, the measure of time was ute h e fast - the time it takes to roast meat or fish on horns (about half an hour), hamsalaah tabah is fast - the time to smoke a tobacco pipe (i.e. a few minutes)"]: Ergis 1964, No. 39:118, 298.

N30. He looks one way, cries, looks the other way, laughs. .27.-.35.37.


formula that describes the confusion of feelings: when a character looks in one direction, he cries, when he laughs or smiles in the other; or one eye of the character cries, the other laughs; either seeing one thing, the character cries, and seeing the other he laughs; or one of the two characters nearby cries and the other laughs; etc.

Romanians, Hungarians, Western Ukrainians ( Transcarpathia, Pokutye), Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Kabardian people, Adygs, Karachays (?) , Balkarians, Ossetians, Ingush, Georgians, Tajiks of Sistan, Mountain Tajiks, Munjan, Ishkashim, Karelians (or Finns), Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Altaians, Telengits, Shors, Khakas, Tuvans, South Altai Tuvans , Baikal and Trans-Baikal Buryats, Khalkha Mongols (Mongols of Inner Mongolia), Dagurs, Southern Khanty, Udege people.

The Balkans. Romanians [the mighty king always laughs with his right eye and cries with his left eye; he has three sons; the mighty tall Florea, the dense strong Costan and the younger Petru are tall, but girlish; older brothers refused, P. agreed to ask his father about his eyes and received a slap in the face from him; but he thought his left eye was crying less and his right eye laughing more; and he asked again; the father both laughed eyes: that three sons are good, but they are unlikely to be able to protect themselves from their neighbors; therefore laughter and tears; but if you bring water from the well of the Morning Dawn fairy, I will moisten my eyes and both will laugh, for I will understand that sons are brave; F. rode his best horse to the border of his father's possessions; there is a bridge and a three-headed dragon: one jaw in the sky, the other on earth; F. turned, but did not return home a year, month and day later; K. ; the dragon also has three heads; also turned, but did not return home; P. went, the dragon has 7 heads; the horse stands on its hind legs, P. returned to take another horse; the old nurse: you need the horse that your father rode ; he replies that the horse fell a long time ago, and there are only scraps of bridle in the stall; the nurse tells me to bring such a piece and hit the pole with it; then a beautiful horse appears under the precious saddle; now at the bridge 12-headed dragon; the horse tells you to cut off the main head and flies forward - one day like the wind, the other as a thought; in front of them there is a copper wall, as well as trees, bushes and herbs made of copper; flowers whisper, but the horse forbids tear them off; otherwise you will have to fight Velva; but he tore them off to see her; she has a horse's mane, deer antlers, bear face, ferret eyes, bodies of various creatures; after three days of battle, P. threw it over the velva bridle and it turned into a beautiful horse; this is the brother of the horse P., who was bewitched; so they galloped through the copper forest; then silver (still another velva horse); golden (the same, the most disgraced the strongest and youngest of these horses); now they are traveling through the frozen country of Saint Sereda, and there is fire around the edges; this is the frost that causes the calf in the womb of the cow to freeze and the rocks crumble; when we reached the house of St. Sereda, she gave a box that will show the way home and tell you who is doing what now; P. asks about his father; a box: his eldest sons have taken away his power; now they are traveling through the red-hot land of St. . Thursdays (Joi, Jupiter); rocks began to melt under their hooves; from the cool valleys, where springs and flowers, girls turn to P.; St. Thursday: Next will be the country of St. Fridays, tell her my wishes for good health; it is not cold or hot there; but darkness has descended and Tornado's daughters are in it; Tornadoes guard Friday's house; the horse tells me to throw a copper wreath, the spirits rushed behind the wreath ; a silver wreath showed Friday and she allowed her to enter; Friday is an ancient old woman; when the world arose, she was a child; asks for a mug of water from the spring of the Morning Dawn Fairy on the way back; gave the flute, the sounds of which make them fall asleep; in the morning P. fed his horses with hot coals; Friday: leave one horse here now, and enter the Fairy dismounted; she has a terrible appearance: owl eyes, fox face, claws cats; her gaze deprives her of reason; the Fairy's palace where the earth touches the sky; flowers along the way; neither warm nor cold, eternal twilight; P. sedated the giant watchman and seven-headed dragons with a flute; the milk river is not in sandy or jelly shores, and on shores made of gems and pearls, flows quickly and slowly at the same time; lions with golden skin and iron teeth; beautiful fairies sleep in flowers; P. tied to a sleeper He woke up the giant's fingers, told him to carry him across the river - then we'll fight; but the giant hammered P. into the ground to his knees, and P. to his waist; giant P. to his chest, P. his neck; then a half-bound giant agreed to carry P., standing with both legs on different banks of the river; on the table in front of the fairy's bed, the bread of strength and the wine of youth; he bit off bread and took a sip of wine, kissed Fairy, put a golden wreath on her, picked it up water and left; gave water to Friday; Thursday warned not to communicate with people on the way back; gave a handkerchief protecting against lightning, spears and bullets; a knowledgeable box warns: the brothers found out that P. would bring water, they want to kill him; P. does not believe him, broke the box; the brothers met him, asked him to get water from a deep well, left it there, took the Fairy's water and came to their father; the Fairy woke up and sent all the guards they did not find it; they did not find it; the Sun looked for 7 days, but P. was where its rays did not reach; the Fairy ordered darkness to come, and now only the king father, who saw the light from that water, began to see, but everyone else did not; Florea came to see the fairy, but could not say how he got that water; the Fairy blinded him; {the same with his middle brother}; The fairy told everyone to come to her so that the winds, flowers, springs, people and giants would all cry; Friday sent tornadoes to look for P.; and only one spring breeze heard P. end up in the well; now there were only bones and ashes; Thursday boiled ashes in a cauldron with the dew of life, she got an ointment, she was rubbed bones, P. came to life; tells the horse to fly fast like a curse; came to Fairy, kissed; the flowers bloomed, the sun shone, the world came to life again; P. brothers found sight to see his happiness]: Kremnitz 1882, No. 20:237 -295; Hungarians [the king is angry with three sons who have dropped out of school; always stands by the window facing east - one eye is crying, the other laughing; the brothers have grown up, decided to find out why this is so; The elder came to ask, the king threw his sword at him, the young man managed to hide behind the door; the same with the middle one; the younger Mirco did not run away, but pulled his sword out of the wall and put it in front of his father; king: you understand better than your brothers; I cry because my sons are worthless, and I laugh because my faithful friend Hero of the Plains (GR) promised to come to live with me after defeating enemies; I'm waiting for him by the window; his enemies are like grass in the meadow and everyone a day he mows them; the eldest went to test his strength, a year later he brought part of the copper bridge; father: when I was young, I reached that bridge in two hours, leave; the middle one brought part of the silver bridge - all the same; M. does not find a suitable horse in the stable; the witch advises you to ask your father for the horn with which he summoned his gold-maned horses; when they come running, choose an old bowlegged mare; father: the horn is embedded in the wall in the seventh cellar; M. summoned the horses, chose a mare, which tells her to be fed first; after the grain, hot coals; the mare tells me to bring the old saddle, blows on it, it becomes the best; the same with the sword; in three jumps the mare passes the copper, silver and gold bridges; then the glass mountain; then the mare jumps over a narrow glass bridge and enters the meadow of the Hero of the Plains; he sleeps, his sword rushes over him, protecting him; M. does not try to kill him, but falls asleep himself and his sword also protects him; heroes meet; fight; M. pursues warriors and descends underground for them; there is a glowing diamond instead of the sun palace; the witch weaves, but instead of cloth, warriors are obtained; two hussars for one move of the person; by order of M., his sword crumbles a witch; M. burned the loom; the witch was also burned, but she was born from burnt rib; asked to stop killing her, gave 4 diamond carnations, without which M. could not get to the ground; after that M. finally burned the witch; on horseback he slipped back into the meadow to the GR; asks go with him to the King Father; diamond carnations have long fallen out of the GR horse's horseshoes, he cannot drive through the glass mountain; M. shod the GR horse using carnations given by the witch; king hugged the visitors, both his eyes laugh; M. hears his father say to GR: but his son still can't cope with Doghead; the horse brings M. to the seven-story diamond castle; the Psoglavets was not at home, and he the beautiful daughter turned Vladnik into stone; when she saw that the young man was handsome, she revived the horse and M. with a golden stick; gave M. a flask of strong water: every drop contained the strength of 5,000 men; after that, M. himself went down to the cellar, drank strong water, and poured out the rest so that Psoglavets would not use it; Psoglavets's daughter set a condition: M. would not kill her father; approaching from the land of sunset, Psoglavets always throws an iron club; this time M. threw it back; fighting, Psoglavets drove M. into the ground to the waist; M. took a sip from the foyage, threw Psoglavets into the water from the bridge and told his sword to cut off his head; his daughter forgave M. and went with him, turning the diamond lock and himself in it into an apple; M. put it in his pocket with a diamond stick to unfold the apple later; M. came to his father, unfolded the lock, began to live with daughter of Psoglavets and inherited the throne; father and GR retired]: Curtin 1890:434-456.

Central Europe. Western Ukrainians (Transcarpathia, Tyachiv district, p. Dulova) [The tsar has three sons and a daughter, the eldest sons study well, the youngest Ivan Farmudzb is stupid, Pepelyanik. The brothers decide to find out why their father has one eye crying and the other laughing. The oldest one comes first. The king reads, there is a saber on the table, he swings at his son, he runs away, the king throws his sword after him, and she pierces the door. It's the same with the middle son. When the IF enters, the king swings, and the IF puts his head on the table: the king has the right to kill him. The king reports that he was sold to an unclean man in his mother's womb. When he dies, the devils will smash his bones across seven powers, so one eye cries. But he hopes his sons will protect him, so the second one laughs. He tells you to cook 7 fathoms of firewood, dig a grave in 7 fathoms deep, sons spend the night near the grave and burn a fire, sabers in their hands, three snakes will arrive at night: at 9 o'clock - three-headed, at 10 a.m. - 6-headed, at midnight - Chapter 12 If someone comes for a sister, give it back. The king is dead, the brothers spend the night at the grave. The elders fall asleep. IF kills a 3-headed snake, blood almost flooded the sleepers. The IF puts logs under the heads of sleepy brothers. Kills the 6-headed, the blood almost flooded the sleepers, the IF seats sleepy brothers. A 12-headed serpent arrives. Ivan cuts 6 goals, then 6 more, but one always returns to the place. The IF pierces the snake's neck and presses it to the ground, the blood cools down, the head cannot grow. Blood flows like a river, and IF puts the sleepy brothers standing still. The fire went out, the IF climbs the ash tree, the light is in the distance, the IF is walking, the forest is on the way, two women ask to judge who is the oldest. It's Night and Day. The IF ties them to poles at a distance, tells them to remain silent until they return, otherwise they will cut off their heads. It comes to a fire of 300 fathoms of firewood, robbers (sprays) sleep around. The IF cuts off the stick, splits the end and pulls out the smut in a split, but the coal falls on the senior robber. The IF runs away with fire. The robbers wake up, the younger and middle do not see anything, the eldest gets up, his head rises above the trees, he sees the IF, steps several times, catches up with the IF, puts it in the palm of his hand, brings him to the fire, calls it an ant, promises to kill for stealing smut. IF calls himself the best thief in the world. The robber demands help to steal the king's daughter. The sun never shone on her, the wind never blew on her forehead, golden hair on her head, her beauty is indescribable. The robbers have not been able to steal it for three years: there is a golden rooster at the royal gate and as soon as they approach, he starts singing and the army shoots. The IF crawls up, kills a rooster, finds the room where the girl sleeps, calls the robbers one by one, cuts everyone's head, changes rings with the sleeping princess, leaves a note: IF hacked three snakes, Night and He tied the day to trees, shot a rooster, cut off the heads of the robbers, and exchanged rings with the princess. Night and Day are asked to let them go: it has been dark for 7 days. The IF judges this way: in summer it should be a long day (a lot of work, the harvest must ripen), and in winter it should be short. Night and day sign an eternal contract. The IF returns, cuts the frozen blood of snakes, the brothers who wake up fainting with fear. The Interfax rules the state. At midnight, musicians come and demand to give what their father ordered, otherwise they will leave no stone unturned. The IF throws their sister out the window. The musicians are playing, the wind is blowing - a train of 100 carriages flies across forests and seas. The neighboring king promised a daughter to whoever would kill the thieves. A gypsy servant finds the bodies and pretends to be their murderer. Preparing a wedding. The IF is late, the gypsy demands not to let him in, but the king lets him in. The Interfax ridicules the groom, expects execution for insulting the future royal son-in-law. At the gallows, she tells me what he did and where he put the letter, shows the princess's ring. The people rejoice, the army and servants disperse the gypsies. After the wedding, IF goes to his brothers, the king lets him go, but forbids him to take his wife with him, who was not shining in the sun or blowing the wind: she will be kidnapped by the wind. The IF does not listen, the whirlwind takes the princess away. The queen gives three years to find her daughter, otherwise she executes her. The IF wanders, there is a hole in the trunk of the oak tree: "This is where the wedding with Farmudz Mariika came in." The IF comes to a small hut like a box. There, his brother-in-law tells his wife to cook: her brother starves to death. He puts the IF to bed, asks the horse where the IF's wife is. Horse: In the seventieth country, the Filthy King stands for a cook. Pogany also has a horse, his older brother, he is stronger, he will catch up, the poganin king will cut Ivan to pieces. You have to put a bag on the horse so that the horse will then bring the chopped one. The brother-in-law equips the IF on the road, the horse brings him to the realm of Poganin. Ivanova's wife is just on her way to the well with the buckets, singing plaintively. The IF puts her on a horse. At the same moment, Filthy's horse laughs. Poganin grabs an iron pitchfork, rushes into the staff, finds out that the IF stole his cook, but he has time. He snaps his teeth and eats two wagons of nuts, smokes two wagons of tobacco, sleeps for two hours, takes a sword, sits on a horse and starts after him. IF Horse: It burns the fire because the Filthy King is catching up. Let the IF ask Poganin to cut him with a sword, throw him in a bag and put him on his horse. This is what happens. Poganin picks up the cook. The brother-in-law tells his wife to bring a trough from the attic in advance, folds the pieces of the IF body, pours it with healing water, and everything grows together. The brother-in-law has two souls, he blows on his body, releases one of them, the soul enters the IF, and he comes to life. His brother-in-law explains that he won't be able to revive him again. His mother, who is the oldest over half the world, could help, knows a lot, but she can eat it when she sees it. The IF has been going to her for six months. Baba feels it from a distance, roars: she has been living in this place for 10,000 years, but has not seen an earthly person, she has not eaten fresh human beings for 3000 years. The IF calls her a sweet mother, a dear matchmaker, and says that her son sent him. Baba wants to see it but promises to eat it. He takes two iron poles, 10 m each, supports his eyelids, otherwise they cannot hold on. The IF talks about everything, the woman feels sorry for him. He sends him to his husband, but there is little hope that he will regret it, he is even angrier, he is 6 months away. He feeds him with tin dumplings, he does not feel hungry during the journey. My grandfather senses it from an even greater distance, 15,000 years, has not seen a person, he has not eaten human beings for 5,000 years. The Interfax calls him a sweet father, a dear matchmaker, says that he has been pardoned and sent by his wife as the oldest in the world. Grandfather: I ate millions of people, but I have never met such an affectionate and kind person. She wants to watch and then eat it. It supports the eyelids with iron poles 20 m long. He regretted, feeds the IF with steel dumplings. It gives two twigs that grow out of the ground. There is a basement under the house, there are two horses, one must be hit with one twig and the other with another, he gives these horses because he is old, the horses must be obeyed, they will do everything. The IF goes down into the dungeon, sees wooden tremblers on four legs, hits them with a twig - the tremblers turn into a stallion and a mare. The horse is happy, asks you to take him out of the basement, take a wooden ax, cut three thousand fathoms of firewood, and light a fire. A wooden ax cuts trees into ready-made logs. Horses eat fire, eat ashes 100 meters deep, drink all the water, drink the lake three times: now they are invincible. The horse tells you to take diamond clothes out of his left ear, and a saddle with a bridle for a woman from his right ear. The horse asks how to carry it, IF: so that neither he nor the horse is harmed. The horse is happy to have waited for a good king. Pogany's horse is his son. They arrive at the well, the IF dresses his wife in diamond clothes, puts him on a mare, and rises above the sky. The horse in the filthy king's stine laughs. They're flying in pursuit, there's no time to wait. Pogany's horse calls his father and mother, asks him to wait for him, otherwise he will be tortured. They advise you to fly into the sky, throw off the pollen. Poganin is still falling, and if he fell, it would rumble with all the thunder and the earth would crumble. The horse rushes after his parents, flies with them. The light is all over the sky, people think the whole world is on fire. The old king cries with joy, the IF invites his brothers to a feast]: Lintour, Chandey 1965:9-29; Ukrainians (Pokutye) [the king's eye is crying, the other is laughing; the eldest son went to ask why; the king swung his sword, the boy got scared and ran away; the youngest came, was not afraid; king: one eye cries because the serpent will blow my bones after my death; the other laughs because I am still alive; the king, the eldest son, was buried falls asleep, the youngest sees a snake flying in; chooses a fight, kills a snake; then a snake with two heads is the same; and so on to the twelve-headed one; sees fire, comes, there are 12 robbers, he grabbed a smut, ran; they they caught up with him, he chopped them all, woke up his brother]: Zinchuk 2005b, No. 57:353-355; (cf. Russians (Vologda) [the tsar has a beautiful daughter; he put her in a tower so as not to be stolen; she asked to let her go to the garden, I found an egg, ate it in half with my nanny, both became pregnant, Ivan Tsarevich and Fedor Nyankin were born, grew up quickly, went on a journey; at the fork there is an inscription: to the right - break your head, to the left - drink, take a walk, have fun; I. went to the right, F. to the left; they changed rings, if the ring turned black, it's a disaster; there was a bowl left on Rosstani, if there was blood in it, one of them died; I. Tsarevich came to the shack; old woman: every night the girl is brought to be eaten by a sea monster, the boyar's, princely and royal daughters are left; I. tells the old woman to wake him up in the evening, let the horse go if he starts to worry; they brought a boyar's daughter; "who sings, who plays, who roars"; at midnight, a sea monster rides on horseback with three heads; I. "the field blew", three heads flew off; the next night they brought the princely daughter - the same (six heads); on the third night they brought the princess, the monster has 12 heads, the old woman is sleeping, the horse is beating; the monster threw I.; I. threw his left boot into the old woman's house, then his right boot, the house rolled, the horse escaped; I. jumped on his horse, "blew out the field", demolished the monster's head, took the princess's handkerchief, restored the old woman's hut; the vagrants told the king that they killed the monsters, the king did not believe it; I. showed a handkerchief; wedding; before they fell asleep, Baba Yaga rides (she drives every day, eats a bull, eats a cow); I. chased her, she asked for permission to "weave the horse's eyes", the horse disappeared, I. returned on foot; the next time I. allowed him to weave his eye himself, died; F.'s ring turned black, blood in the bowl; he came to that kingdom, his mistaken for I., put him in bed with his wife M.; when Baba Yaga appeared, the princess replies: "As if you don't know, I was chasing baba yaga for two days"; F. caught up with Baba Yaga, forced him to bring her alive and dead water, revive I. and his horse; having learned that F. slept with his wife, I. in redemption demands that F. travel "far away, far away seas, to the kingdom of far away to the princess for an egg"; F. comes to Baba Yaga, who gives a letter to her sister, her sister gives a letter to her older sister; the elder teaches: the princess is in the kingdom behind the wall, there are strings and bells on the wall, everyone is sleeping in the afternoon, you have to jump over the wall take the egg, soak the hat in the well to the left; F. took the egg, kissed the princess, the strings rang; F. jumps from one baba yaga to another, left the chase; a year later that queen came by ship with her son; F. first he sent the drunk, the son asks if it is his father, treats him with a belt on the back; then F. came; princess: I will treat this myself; wedding]: Gura 1965, No. 17:226-229).

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars [Akhmet-Akhai Ozenbashsky was frightened of a mouse, his wife swears; but he killed 40 flies with one blow; went to look for work; Kosh has one shepherd crying (7-headed deva with goat legs horse his tail will eat it today), the second laughs (eats tomorrow), the third dances (eats it the day after tomorrow); AA: I am the hero Ayu, the son of Buke-Bugai, who keeps the ground on his copper horn; buried the skin of a ram with a roll, head with beard and legs separately; suggests the deva 1) hit the ground for the katyk to go, 2) for his legs to jump out, 3) a beard pops out; dev called for a visit, carried it to the mountain; whose stone core will fly up above; AA: I'll throw 7 cores with the gun, it'll stay at the top; dev: no need, the gun is expensive; deva's mother advises letting AA raise the deva's father's iron stool; AA: throw it on the moon or in the sun? deva's mother: no need, the lights will fade; asks for water in a 40-bucket vessel; AA begins to dig in a well; dev takes AA home to Ozenbashi, gives you three bags of gold; why are you so light? AA: I keep my strength in the air; dev: show strength; AA stabs it with an awl; dev: better in the air; AA tied his three children with a rotten rope, tells them to shout "eat" and his wife "have lunch with a deva"; dev runs away; fox leads him back; AA fox: that's when I caught you; dev killed a fox, ran away]: Mirer 1940:226-236; Kalmyks [a mare gives birth to a boy, the umbilical cord is cut off by a stone that has fallen from the sky; Haradai-Mergen and Uladai- Mergen becomes his brothers; the boy kills the husbands of three women; they are the daughters of the sun, the moon, the stars; he marries the daughters of the sun himself, brothers to the other two; they envy the youngest, for his wife's face glows; they leave a dagger at the kibitka, the youngest cuts off his legs; blind and armless come to him, help each other; kidnap the girl, make him his sister; tell him not to put out the fire; the fire goes out, she comes for fire to the old woman; the old woman sprinkles ash and coals into her hem, pierces a hole in her hem; on an ash trail she comes to the girl, spoils her; cripples catch the witch, she makes them and the girl healthy by swallowing and spewing everyone; when he swallows a legless, he does not spew it; others cut it, the sparrow screams, the little finger, the brothers find a healthy brother in the witch's little finger; the horse's son comes to the hole where they sit his brothers; their wives were kidnapped by a 15-headed mousse; brothers let the son of a horse down on a rope, he kills Musa, brothers pick up women, cut off the rope; he falls, is maimed; the mouse sucks his wounds, he breaks her leg, she eats leaves, recovers; he also eats and recovers; on the one hand, people cry (snakes will eat them today), on the other hand they have fun (tomorrow); a snake crawls to the side of three eagles in the nest; son horses kill him, eagles explain to his mother who their savior is; for getting rid of the snake, people give him food for the eagle; he flies on an eagle, feeds, and finally cuts off a piece of his flesh; limps; eagle swallows him, regurgitates him healthy; he comes to his brothers; they decide to put arrows up; whoever is sinful, the arrow will nail him; his older brothers die, the horse's son owns everything]: Badmaev 1899:23-33; Kabardian people [the same or very similar Adyghe text in Kerashev 1957:153-164; childless old people had a son, took him away, raised him by a bear, called Batyr, made him strong, sent him to parents; princes want to lime it, give difficult assignments; 1) the many-headed serpent takes water, demands girls to eat; B. won, saddled, killed him; 2) harnessed cannibals, plowed the land on them; 3) harnessed ferocious boars, brought firewood to them; two hunters became his brothers; all three chased the deer, he disappeared into the crevice; B. goes down, there are three girls, one is crying (another will eat it today), another laughs (her tomorrow), sings the third song (her the day after tomorrow); B. kills him, his brothers lift women upstairs, throw the rope; the white ram will throw seven tiers up, the black sheep down, B. accidentally grabs black; kills a boa constrictor crawling to eat three eagles; Orlitsa arrives with a cloud and a storm, eagles hide B., tell his mother about his heroism; she promises to raise him to the upper world if he will earn buffaloes for food; snakes do not provide water, demand girls; B. kills a snake, gets buffaloes; there is not enough meat, B. cuts off a piece of leg, reaching the ground Orlitz heals his wound; B. killed traitors and their wives, married the youngest, whom they kept as a slave]: Aliyeva 1978, No. 11:111-119 (=Khut 1987:208-218); Adygs (Shendzhiy village) [the bear stole the boy, he returned to his parents as a strongman Myshemyko shao ("son of a bear"); went to the prince as a gatekeeper; bodyguards pinched his fingers with the gate, he tore off the gate; the prince wants to destroy him, tells 1) to bring firewood from the forest, gives a bad ax; M. pulls trees, harnesses a wild boar instead of an ox, brings; 2) plow the field where the witch is; M. harnesses her seven sons, plows; leaves the prince, meets, takes 1) connecting trees, 2) throwing up mounds; they take turns cooking, Tlimaf, riding a rooster, demands to feed him, ties him up, eats everything; when M. remains, he ties T. by the mustache; T. pulled out the tree, went into the hollow; only M. agreed to follow her; there one girl cries (T. will eat her today), two laugh (she will eat them tomorrow); M. cuts off T.'s head with his own sword; M. and his brothers kill the prince, marry three girls]: Maksimov 1937:121-130; Karachays or Balkarians [Temir-Bolat with two older brothers hunt and take turns cooking; bearded dwarf riding a rooster, saddle - frog, reins - snakes, whip - the lizard eats everything every time; when TB remains, it ties it to a tree; it uprooted the tree, went into a hole; the brothers lowered TB; there are three beauties below, one is crying (the monster will eat it today), another laughs (eats tomorrow), sings the third song (the day after tomorrow); TB killed a dwarf; TB released prisoners from the fortress, married a younger beauty, gave the other two to his brothers]: Aliyeva, Kholaev 1983:21-24; Balkarians [there was a man named Azret-Aliy (Azret/Khazret is the title of nobles and imams; i.e. Saint Ali); a giant brought a corpse into one hole, cutting off his head and head from the outside left; his head went to AA with a complaint; led AA to that hole; AA lowered the lasso into the hole, climbed down; 40 people were tied up below, half cried, half sang songs; explained that the giant would eat the crying giant today, and the singers tomorrow; AA approached the sleeping giant, but did not kill, woke him up; the giant refused to return to religion, AA killed him; then killed the giant's daughter-in-law and sons, freed the bound; told them to pray and began to pray themselves-they were upstairs; at AA's request, God raised the head of the one from whom the giant tore it off, revived it]: Boziev 1962, No. 32:102-104 (101-102 - original Balkarian); Ossetians [the son of a witch from the Borata family (SK) and his son Malik (SK) go to marry the sister of seven giants, send their arrows as matchmakers; giants and the UK go hunting, tell their sister and the UK not open the seventh door; SM threatens to leave, the bride opens, the Waig from the Black Mountain (UCHG) is released, takes the girl; SK goes to look for her; meets, takes the Sea Drinker as a friend (he shoots after the UCHG , tears off his leg), Zorky, Carrying mountains and valleys on his back, each in response says that he is not amazing, but SK and SM; UCHG goes underground; only the SK was able to push the stone, go down on a rope through flame; sends the girl upstairs, the comrades remove the rope, fill the exit with a stone; the UK tells an old woman, whose fang touches the sky, the other rests on the ground, to tell her how to kill UCHG (burn, it burns ), get upstairs (grab the horn of a white ram); SK grabs the black horn, which takes it even lower to Donbettyr's world; there the dragon closed the water; swallows the UK, he cuts it from the inside, refuses to be belched, spit out, goes over the side, the dragon exhausts; Tsar Donbettyrov sends the UK to the Black Eagle; the UK hears one of her daughters singing (her snake will eat her the day after tomorrow), the other laughs (her tomorrow), the third cries (it will be eaten today); the SK is killed by a snake; a downpour begins (eagle tears), the sun shines (the eagle sees that the daughters are alive), the whirlwind (flies); the eagle brings the UK to the ground, which feeds it with supplies, which the Donbettyrs gave; they are not enough, the SK cuts off the meat from the hips; the eagle puts it back; the swineherd says that three brought the sister of seven giants, the king took her away, marries; the UK changes clothes with as a swineherd, the eldest princess chooses him when she notices his golden curls under her hat; everyone tries the SK quiver and arrows; the SK takes them, puts on gold clothes, destroys the guests with arrows, takes his wives for himself and SM]: Byazirov 1971, No. 1:5-19; Ingush [a man has many cattle but no children; a cow gave birth to a boy; he was named Makhtat ("born of a cow"); 7 months later he became 15 years old; he was stolen by three Vampala brothers ; after that, the mare gave birth to a boy with the sun and a month between the ribs; his name is Pakhtat ("born a mare"); he offends other children, he is advised to find his brother better; his father tells him to get out of the dungeon horse; horse of monstrous power, but P. tamed him easily; rides, meets the son of the Sun, then the son of the Month, the son of the Star; they promise to help if trouble (blood hits from the left bullet); the first vampal P. put him in the ground first up to the waist, then up to his throat, cut off his head; released the kidnapped girl Tanya Hooke, married her; the second wampal sent an old woman; she advised TG to find out what P.'s life was like; P.: in a pole in the yard; in the leg of a chair; the old woman cleans, lubricates the pole, the leg; P.: a box with three chicks in it; at night the old woman lifted her skull, threw the box into the sea; A. died, his friends splashed blood from bullets; Star's son found a fish that swallowed the box, P. came to life; goes to take revenge on Vampala; towards the shepherd (this is M.); approaching the sheep, cries ("My brother P. killed a vampal, kidnapped his wife, tomorrow they will cook meat at the wedding, and sprinkle scum from the broth at me"), and when he comes to the bag, he laughs ("Tomorrow I'll go to herd sheep with a full bag of meat"); P. found out M., said a ring for his wife; first shot an old woman with a bow, then a wampala, took possession of all her wealth; at home, parents are poor and blind; they will believe that the sons returned if they bring the head of a third vampal; his brothers killed him and brought his head, his parents saw the light; "Let the unworthy not be born, and if he is born, let him die"]: Tankieva 2003:57-65; Georgians (Kartli) [=Chikovani 1985, No. 3:19-22, =1986:129- 136; someone steals wonderful apples from the royal garden; the elder, middle princes are guarding, sleeping; the youngest injures the deva with an arrow, a trail of blood leads under a stone; the older brothers are afraid to go down, the youngest mother the deva says that her son is injured; the young man advises to pour boiling oil into the wound, takes out his arrow; the devil dies, the young man kills his mother, frees three beauties; the youngest warns that if his brothers are his they will betray, he must sit not on a black sheep, but on a white sheep; she will carry him to the underworld, I must say, "Babkin's roof is soft, cotton", will fall on a soft one; brothers raise beauties, cut off rope; on a sheep, a young man gets to a crooked old woman, eats porridge on the side where she has a blind eye; the old woman adopts him, says that the dev took the water; the young man cut off his head; asks the king to pick it up upstairs; he says that only Pashkunji can do it; P.'s chicks are constantly eaten by Gveleshapi; one chick cries, it will be eaten today, the other laughs tomorrow; the young man kills Mr. with an arrow; there is thunder, it rains, it is the mother of the chicks who cries, thinks that the children are swallowed; the children first hide the savior, then show their mother; she tells them to stock up meat; in flight it ends, the young man carves meat from under his knee; P . says she would eat it if she knew that people's meat is so tasty; heals the young man's wound; the swineherd says that the king's eldest son marries the youngest's bride; the young man asks for his clothes, one can pull his bow; the bride recognizes him; he kills his brother with an arrow, marries]: Chikovani 1954, No. 28:28-33.

Iran - Central Asia. Mountain Tajiks (Vahio) [the cat tells the old woman that one of her sheep gave birth to a son, who is a man above, a ram below; he was named Tuklibarra ("lamb"); a giant comes and says he has come fight with T.; he replies that it is him, defeats the giant, makes him a companion; the second giant is the same; they come to the old woman; half of the village is crying, the other is having fun (the reasons for the fun are not explained); the old woman says that the dragon demands to be eaten by a man, it is the turn of the Shah's daughter; T. wakes up when a girl's tear drips on him; kills the dragon; only T. was able to lift his carcass, got a daughter Shah]: Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 6:45-47; Sistan's Tajiks [the old man dreamed that the moon and two stars fell from the sky; he went to look for it; the pleshak shepherd Hasan bought this dream for a herd rams; only then did he remember that he had not asked about the content of the dream; fell asleep under the palace wall; that night the princess and the son of the vizier agreed to flee; the princess asked to wait for her to go to the bathhouse; the son of the vizier saw H. sleeping, woke him up, asked him to watch for the horses, and he himself went to hurry the princess; at this time, the princess threw X. off her bag, believing that her lover was next to the horses; she jumped off herself and they jumped; the vizier's son returned, found no one and stabbed himself; in the morning the princess decided that everything was God's will; the princess washed and dressed X, told him to buy a palace, bring a mullah and marry; the old woman saw H.'s wife and told the king; he told X. to bring the ivory throne; H. met an old diva, gave her a drink, she made him her son, hid him from the other 7 sons, turning them into a needle and sticking them into their collar; the divas felt the human spirit; swore that they would not harm the guest; the divas threw potions into the water that elephants drink; they began to fight and broke off their tusks; The divas made a throne and brought the king to the garden; the king rewarded H.; now the king orders to bring a laughing flower and a weeping flower; H. came to the former old woman; during this time one of the divas was captured by a two-headed divas ; the divas lowered H. into the well; the heads of the diva on the knees of two pari girls; one laughed, the other cried; flowers fell from the laughing mouth, roses fell from her mouth; one laughs when she saw H., and the other cries, regretting that the diva would kill him; H. noticed a vessel in the niche and realized that the soul of a diva was in it; ordered the diva to take all the prisoners and all the goods to the ground; H. broke the vessel and the divas died; the bets flew away with doves, told H. to come to their Green City and be their husband; in the city of Pari X. was recognized by the traces that the girls had left on his shoulders; when two days were left before the king's deadline, the bet's father gave X. a rug Suleiman; on it, H. and his wives flew to the divas and then home; the king received laughing and crying flowers; he ordered to visit his deceased parents; the pari wives wrote a letter on behalf of the king's father with with an invitation to heaven, they dressed H. in clothes as if he were lying in it in the grave; let the king set up a fire, we, together with the old informer and vizier, will stand on him and get to the royal ancestors; H. flew to rug on the royal throne, and the tsar, vizier and old woman burned down]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1981, No. 8:104-117; Munjans [the king's son goes to look for a wife; half of the people in the city cry, half laugh; the dragon in the lake devours a young man and a girl every evening, it is the turn for the royal daughter and the son of the vizier; the prince kills the dragon; promises to marry the king's daughter, leaves, kills the snake that is about to eat Simurg's chicks; she did this every year; the chicks tell their mother about it; she brings him to the betting garden, he kills the diva, he comes back from the bet, takes one of the chicks Simurg gives, returns home]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 10:132-139; Ishkashim [someone pulls trees in the royal garden; two older brothers are guarding, seeing no one; the younger Bald cuts off the hand of a woman who comes, the woman hides in a cave under a stone; the brothers lower Pleshivets on a rope, he kills that woman, sends the girl upstairs, the brothers leave Pleshivets in the cave; he sleeps at old women; on the one hand you can hear crying (there the dragon takes the girls), on the other hand, fun (he finished taking it there); Plesivets cuts off 7 dragon heads; the grateful king says that there is a bird that will take him to upper world; on the way Plesivec feeds her meat; returns to her father]: Pakhalina 1959, No. 1:113-117.

Baltoscandia. Karelians (but maybe Finns) [the old man carved a doll out of an alder chock; the old woman put it in the cradle and rocked for three years; the chock became a boy, he immediately asked his mother for bread; became beautiful and a strong man; the sun, month and dawn are gone, people live in darkness; the king has a potion; a person who drinks three bottles can free the dawn, six a month, nine can the sun; 9 only Alder Chock (PTS) could; drunk 6 and 3 bottles went with him; woman: an evil man is to blame; he cursed the sun for being hot, a month prevented him from stealing, dawn woke up early; they were taken away by 9-, 6- and three-headed snakes; half of the city is crying, half laughs; the king must give the eldest daughter to the three-headed snake to be eaten; if he does not give it back, the serpent will eat half of the city; the hero, who drank three bottles, cut down two snake heads; threw his shoe the companions lowered the dogs, they tore off the third head; dawn has risen; half is crying again, half is laughing; the middle daughter; the six-headed serpent from the sea; the sixth head was torn off by dogs; the month has risen; the third day is same; youngest daughter; PTS cut down 7 heads; snake: look, the sun is rising; the serpent turned around, PTS cut down another head; look, your house is burning; the serpent did not look; your wife is disgraced; looked, PTS cut off head; the last one was torn off by dogs when OCH threw his shoe; on the way back, OCH, turned into an ermine, overhears the conversation (with women who are wives of snakes?) Syuoyatar snake mothers; will starve, cover the tables; if they hit the cross with a sword, then there will be no hunger or tables; thirst (forest lake is the same); sleep (bed); whoever repeats my words will turn into blue cross; PTS destroyed tables, a lake and one bed; the companions have already rushed to the other two, S. ate them, took their horses and chained them; walking through the forest, PTS sees 9 blind girls and an eye on a stump; S. girls dazzled, leaving them one eye for everyone; he gave them back their eye, they taught them to get the horse back from S.; PTS cuts chains; S. gives all the girls eyes to see who is there; but they say no one; S. came by herself , grabbed the OCH; first ate the girls for deception; will let the PTS go if she gets Katrina from the beautiful Kii River; OCH sails in a boat, meets, takes five with him: Psar, Spoon Khrapun, Vaper, Eater, Aqudier; Kennel pacified the dogs; Spoon Khrapoon protected from the fire when they set fire to the barn where the swimmers slept; The vaper froze the hot bath; The Eater ate cows and sheep; Wonos brought water in the sieve; PTS received K.; Through clothes wine leather/The body glows under the skin/The bones under the body are visible/In the middle, the heart beats; on the way back, the companions one by one stay where the PTS picked them up and take what they brought with them parts of the boat; a narrow hollow remains; so that K. does not soak the hem, PTS picked it up with his little finger; S.: if you touched K. even with a finger, let him break off; gnaw off his little finger; PTS:If you tortured blind sisters, let the sword break off; gnaw off his little finger; pts: If you tormented blind sisters, let the sword break off cut you into 10 pieces; cut you; PTS burned parts of S.'s body, took the horse, silver and gold and K. as his wife; when they saw PTS, the parents became younger; PTS ask where his comrades are; I had to tell you, he turned blue cross; Katrina was married by the king, she gives birth to healthy sons and daughters; the storyteller was given a waxhorse, a turnip saddle and a pea whip at the wedding]: Concca 1991:134-154.

Volga - Perm. Bashkirs [the old man has 7 sons, the youngest is Biish; an old man with 6 sons goes to look for his sons 7 daughters of the same father as brides; B.: do not stop at the lake and in the gorge; another old man leads to him, He gives 7 daughters; on the way back, the sons insisted on stopping in the gorge; Azhdaha surrounded them: send me B., and his fiancée will be a hostage; B. came, Azhdaha let the girl go, and B. tells me to kill a giant deva named Kyzyl; on the way, B. defeated a Russian hero, for which the tsar gave him a daughter; from another tsar he fired an arrow through a silver ring, also received a princess; he lives with Kyzyl for a year, then fights him; K. tells an old slave to pour oil on him (so that the enemy's hands slip off); the old woman pours oil on B., sprinkles ash on K.; two boys, his sons, came from his wives; one of K. killed them; B. brought his sons and wives to his village, but it is empty; only an old woman herds sheep; looks at the ground - cries, at heaven - laughs; replies that she cries for six sons, but sees in the sky signs that B. is coming to her; he revealed himself to her; the same with the father; father: Pyariy has 40 sons, your wife has them; B. came to them, met his wife; she advises you to dig a hole at the doorstep and shout: the cattle have run away; 40 Pyaria's sons run out one at a time, B. cut off their heads; won and killed the pyariah, took his cattle]: Barack 1988, No. 36:242-246.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Kanbal Shal 1985 [a simple girl Duria refuses Khan's son Idris because he can't do anything; his father gathered craftsmen, Toktybay taught I. how to sew hats, D. married him; soon I. became khan; disguised as a beggar, he went on a journey; went to a cannibal house; in prison, one prisoner cries (he will be eaten today), the other laughs (will be eaten tomorrow); prisoners say that cannibals will be the first to eat And ., he is fatter; I. offers to sew a hat, sell hanshe, cannibals will receive money; D. understood everything, sent nukers; two cannibals stabbed themselves, hanged two]: 201-203; Sidelnikov 1952 [=1971 (1): 33-45; = Daurenbekov 1979:35-45; =Tursunov 1983:180-189; Khan's son overheard from the yurt how his older sister promised to weave him a golden carpet, the second to feed the people with one egg, the youngest to give birth to a son with a golden head, daughter with silver; Khan's son marries, in his absence, older sisters tell the witch to replace children with younger puppies, throw babies in a chest into the river; khan orders his wife and puppies to be left in the desert; fisherman catches a chest; the boy was named Kudaibergen, the girl Kunslu ("sunny beauty"); the old men are dead; Kud. kills saigas, the khan gets nothing; older wives are sent as a sorceress persuade Kunslu to ask his brother to get it; 1) a self-playing dombra (Zhalmauyz-Kempir helps to get it here and then); 2) everything showing the mirror; one Simurg chick cries (the dragon Aidahar will eat today), the second frowned (tomorrow), the third laughs (last); Kum. kills the dragon, Simurg carries it between the crushing mountains, he takes a mirror, on the way back the mountains tore off Simurg's tail; 3) Tasshilar's daughter in wives; this is Aislou, taught underwater by Kudaibergen's late adopted fisherman father; at Kood's house. A. turns a sorceress into a needle; Kud. became friends with his father khan; A. tells the demons to build a canal, a bridge; the khan returns his wife, the sorceress was burned, the older wives were torn apart by horses]: 178-190; Kyrgyz (p. Shalta, Chuy Province) [a stingy and greedy buy named Chygay, he has an old wife, a married daughter, a shepherd with a head covered in scab, and a slave, a shepherd's wife; so that no one suddenly comes up and the food could be hidden, C. the ground around the yurt with reeds; Aldar Kose decided to try to outsmart C.; spreading the reeds and placing flat stones in front of him, silently approached, looked quietly and saw the old woman kneading the dough, slave puts firewood under the meat pot, the shepherd burns the lamb's leg, the daughter roasts the kirsen (part of the lamb's breast) on the fire; AK came again, now letting him know that he was approaching; when asked what he saw described what he saw in the bay's yurt; after talking, bai offered to go to bed; AK did not sleep, took the meat, replaced the shepherd and slave with rugged pants, lay down again; C. and his wife got up, but instead of meat some nasty thing; wife handed the bay a cup of ghee, but AK quietly caught it in the dark; leaving in the morning, AK asks the awl to patch up his boots; this is ("Mis") the name of bai's daughter; AK tells his wife that C. tells his wife that C. tells him to give Mis; buy shouts to his wife: give it back! What was the old woman supposed to do? He will look one way, cry, and laugh the other way. I had to give it back; AK took the girl away]: Sabyr uulu 2008:85-87.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Altaians (Altai-Kizhi): Garf, Kuchiyak 1978 [wolves took the cow and goat Yuskuzek a; it is carried by the Kaan-Kerede bird, pulls him out of the abyss; Wolves invite him into the mountain; there with milk cows are fed by their mother, a husky puppy plays a goat; Wolves reluctantly give him a puppy; someone cooks at his house; Yu watches, hides dog skin, marries Altyn-Chach (Golden Braids); she says that while hiding from Karata-Kaan a, her brothers became wolves, she is a puppy; K. demands 1) to hide three times (A. helps Yu, he finds K., who has become an onion, a stallion, a birch, K. does not finds); 2) get the Kaan-Kerede egg; its nest is on an iron poplar with nine branches; its roots rest on the lower world, the branches touch the third heaven, a seven-headed serpent crawls along the trunk; one chick cries the serpent will eat him now; the other laughs, he will be eaten tomorrow; Yu cut off the snake's head with an ax, the blood formed the sea; the chick held out its wing, Yu crossed into the nest; Kaan-Kerede flew in, her tears fell in warm rain; recognizes his claw marks on Yu; says that K.'s soul is in the golden egg, but she does not know where it is; brings Yu to his poor old parents; K. takes A.; Yu fights him for seven years; wolves killed K.'s horse, Kaak-Kerede took him to heaven; A. found a golden egg in K.'s palace, threw it into the fire, K. died; A. and Yu began to rule Altai]: 215-239; Sadalova 2002, No. 28 (p. (Apshyyaktu, Shebala District, 1975) [fairy tale episode: "Hungry Ak-Sagysh ate, had a good rest and left the door of Karaty-Kaan. While digging black soil, he reached clean spring water, thirsty white cattle, hungry tribe people - gave everyone water to drink. Karaty-Kaan, who was born formidable, turns back there, cries, turns here and laughs. The word that was said was an arrow fired. I gave half of my wealth. He gave his youngest daughter named Kymys"]; No. 29 (p. Sugash, Ust-Koksinsky District, 1986) ["Then Buryu- [Kaan], turning his back, crying, turning his face, laughing, "chychyl-siyil brought a piebald mare"; "[Buryu-Kaan], turning his back, crying, turning his face, laughing, [the chest] brought it"; "[Buryu-Kaan] turned his back, crying, turning his face, laughing, brought it {"Takyl-tukul, smooth crutch, tastan-tustan yellow bubble"}"]; [from commentary to text No. 29: "... turning his back, crying, turning his face, laughing... (... ara kr [] n, yylap j rp, beyin kurp, katkyr j rp...) is a stable poetic formula for expressing mental confusion, duality of feelings and desires of a character who hides his condition from others"]: 269, 275, 277, 279, 422; Yutkanakov, Tokmashov 1935 [see motif K27; Karaty-Kan gives Kuskun-Kara-Matyr 'difficult assignments; get seven foals kidnapped by the Kan-Kerede bird; the cash register comes to heaven, there Kan-Kerede's nest in silver poplar; its chicks are eaten every year by a seven-headed snake; one chick cries (it will be eaten today), the other laughs; the snake comes out of the sea, the KKM cuts off its heads with an arrow; the eldest the chick stretched out its wing, the cash register crossed it across the sea into the nest; the chicks reply that their parents will arrive with rain (tears) and wind (flapping wings), hide the cash register under their wings; grateful birds give the cash register foals; then Kan-Kerede saves him; he destroys the KK country; takes Kan-Kerede's chick daughter as his wife]: 129-171; Tuvans: Samdan 1994, No. 2 [Iygylak-Kara's son of a woman and a bear takes Iygylak-Kara as a sister Uzun-Saryg Larch Uproot and Ulug-Kara Rock Uproot; everyone takes turns cooking; Adygyr-Kara shulba comes with copper claws and nose, heats them, fights with the cook; younger the brothers do not talk about what happened, YK wins, injures the shulbus, he goes to the cave, to the lower world; the brothers lower the YK on the arcana; below the woman says that she must give her daughter to the shulbus to be eaten; YK finishes off the wounded shulbus, marries the youngest of the sisters, takes the other two for the brothers, lifts them upstairs; the brothers cut off the lasso; the girls' mother advises helping the Khan-Hereti bird, which lives on the middle three iron poplars; every year a 15-headed serpent crawls out of the lake, devours chicks; YK cuts off all 15 heads with an arrow; one chick cries, the second laughs, the third sings (thinks it will be eaten last); wind and rain, this is the breath of wings and the tears of the mother of the chicks; she carries the YK on her back to the upper world, he throws her shot ducks; they run out, threw his hat; the lasso cut his mustache, he also took the youngest sister with his second wife; YK killed him on larch; with the UK and both wives, they came to his mother YK]: 227-248; Hadahane 1984 [the bear took the woman, closed the exit from the cave with a stone; she gave birth to the Son Bear (SM), he grew up, pushed back the stone, went to wander; meets, wins, takes the Mountain Raising, the Forest Uprooter as his companions; they live by the koshara, eat sheep, cook in turn, the rest hunt; albys ( a witch with red claws and a copper nose) carries meat; both companions say they are sick, did not have time to cook; SM stabs the witch, she disappears into the crevice; SM asks him to lower; at the bottom two princesses bandage Albys's leg; SM killed Albys, sent the princesses upstairs; The mountain-raiser cut off the lasso; SM sees a poplar, there are three chicks on it, one cries (his mangys will eat today), the other sings (tomorrow), the third sleeps (the day after tomorrow); the six-headed serpent crawls out of the lake, the SM kills him; the bird lifts him to the ground; he kills the Mountain-Raising, takes the second princess for himself]: 72-78; telangites ( Ulagansky district) [episode of the epic story: "The child did not eat for eight days, /The baby was silent for eight days, /Whoever wanted to drink roared, /If he wanted to, screamed. /The old woman was happy, /To the baby in She came up to the cradle, And turning away from him, /She cried sadly, /Looking at that boy, /Laughing, she said:/"Oh, my eyes are alive fire, /Oh, the mind of the senile soul"]: Surazakov 1979:58-59; Shors: Dyrenkova 1940, No. 15 (b. Anzas) [fairy tale episode: "A lonely guy said, "If you give your skin-haired little dog inside this house, I'll take it!" [spoke]. The owner of the water looked there and cried, looked here and laughed. "You take my little dog!" - said. This was taught by an old man who let the Lonely Boy down to the water shore: "Don't take anything, you'll just take a little dog!" - said. [That] owner of water gave [old] little dog [him] in his hands. "Take it!" Having said it, he gave it. So [that] water owner (Lonely Boy) gave a little dog"]: 239 (simplified translation of the same text in Chudoyakov 2002:44); Chudoyakov 2002 (no place of recording, no later than 1954) [fairy tale episode: "Oh, miserable, sweet mom! If you give us a black silk scarf off our head, we'll return your shoe and black book to Kara-Kaan. The villain doesn't know the witchcraft power of your handkerchief, don't be afraid, honey, you won't get anything for it." When she heard this, my mother turned away from them, cried, turned to them, smiled: "Oh, my children, is my handkerchief more expensive and nicer than you, take it." So speaking, taking off her handkerchief from her head, she threw it across the river"]: 62; Funk 2011 (2) (Taylep Ulus of Kuzedeevsky District, 1948) [episodes of the epic tale: "Oot Khan and Ottang-Aryg will cry at the bunny, /Looking at you, they will smile and say:/"The blue bunny is no more expensive than you, if you want, take a blue-haired bunny bunny!" ; "{hero young man, addressing Oot Khan and Ottang-Aryg} "I must go back to my homeland. /Let me go to my father Kyok-Khan's land." /Oot Khan and Ottang-Aryg turned to the side, /In tears they flooded, it's a pity to let the hero young man go, /They turned to face the young man, smiled/And said: "After all, in fact, our son, /When you were born in your father's land, you will miss her./In your mother's land When you were born on earth, you will miss it"; after the young man asked for a blue-haired bunny for him, "[c] the tariffs looked at the blue bunny - they burst into tears, /They looked at the young man - smiled and said:/"The blue bunny is no more expensive than you, our son/If you want, take a (sitting) blue bunny"; "Suddenly Altyn-Ergek began to notice that Kara-Torgu, /Turning away to side from him, cries, /Turning to him, he smiles happily. /Altyn-Ergek asked Kara-Torgu:/"Kara-Torgu, my dear friend, what do your tears mean? /Or do you expect lightning to hit us? Or will a big poplar fall on us?"] : 139, 141, 151 (cf. Funk 2011 (2) ["Once Kara-Khan was sitting at a table, and his wife, the omniscient Aptyn-Aryg, offered him food. When Altyn-Aryg offered food to Kara-Khan, she smiled at him, and when she left him, she cried. Kara-Khan asked her, "What do you cry about when you leave me and why do you smile when you come to me, or do you know that my end is about to come?" Altyn-Aryg said: "I know why I'm crying"]: 227); Khakas (Kachins, 1946) [fairy tale episodes: "Inside the house, a blue puppy with a charred ass will run, don't pay attention to gold and silver, ask for a blue puppy with a charred ass This is his kyuluk dog guarding the house, nurt guarding," says the horse shepherd. "[Puyur Khan] will look there - she will cry, look at you - she will laugh when you ask him for that dog"; "When to see Puyur Khan If you go, he will pour a bunch of gold and silver in front of you, your heroic Kirbe-Kaurogo horse [so much to carry] does not have enough strength. When you enter his house, a blue puppy with a charred ass will run around the house, ask him for yourself. Although he does not want to give it back, he will inevitably give it back if he thinks [about the person] who saved his life. Turning away from you, he will cry, when he looks at you, he will laugh, although he will regret it, he will give it back!" ; "When you go to Puyur Khan, there will be a blue puppy with a charred ass in his house, and he [Puyur Khan] has a dog that guards him at night and guards him during the day - ask yourself for it. Looking there, they will cry, looking here, [Puyur Khan and his wife] will laugh, although they feel sorry: "We must give it back!" - they will say"; "Puyur Khan, who heard this {request to give a blue puppy}, has a redder face, twitches, his whole face, blood is redder, twitches. The Puyur Khan couple, turning there, sitting crying, turning here, sitting smiling. Puyur Khan did not break his promises and did not change his words. "I'll give you what you ask," I fulfilled my promise"]: Torokova, Sychenko 2014, No. 12:163, 167, 171, 175; Tuvans: Vatagin 1971, No. 5 (Bai-Taiginsky Kozhuun) [fairy tale episode: "We came from Khan. We've come for the Khartyga dog," the servants said. "When the khan orders, not only your favorite dog, you will give your head," said the poor old man. Looking at the dog, he and the old woman cried, and looking at the servants they smiled. "She eats what people eat," said the old man. He told me how to feed the dog and gave it to the servants"]; No. 8 (the recording is not specified) ["In the morning, the crow khan said: "Friend, I will give you cattle from my cattle, good from my goods." "I don't want cattle from your cattle, good from your goods," said the old man. "Give me a wooden keg with a stick instead." Kuskun Khan looked at the keg - he cried, looked at his friend - smiled. And he gave the keg"; "Kurtu Duzaktar thanked the old people for their advice and went on. Kuskun Khan seated him again in a place of honor, again treated him to fatty meat and strong tea. And in the morning he offered cattle from his cattle and good from his own goods. "No," said the old man, "give me a piebald mare tied to an iron pole." Kuskun Khan looked at the mare - he cried, looked at his friend - smiled. And he gave the mare"; "Kurtu Duzaktar came to Kuskun Khan. The crow khan again seated him in a place of honor, again treated him to fatty meat and strong tea, and talked to him all night long. And in the morning he said, "What are you going to get from me now?" "Give me the golden mallet that lies beside your bed," Kurtu Duzaktar said. Kuskun Khan looked at the mallet - he cried, looked at his friend - smiled. And he gave the mallet"]; No. 13 (Dzun-Khemchik Kozhuun) ["I will not take your cattle because I can't keep them, I won't take your goods because they will become rubbish," the poor guy told Khan. "And Give me three millet seeds, three poles, a golden chest, and a red shaggy dog tied at your feet." Khan gave away the millet, the poles, and the chest. And then he looked at the dog - he cried, looked at the guy - smiled. "If you give, give it, and if you don't give it, say it!" - Oscus-ool hastened him. Khan reluctantly untied the dog and gave it to his boyfriend"]: 86, 101-103, 123; South Altai Tuvans (Somon Tsengel, 1966) [fairy tale episode: "{hunter speaking to his wife} "We now seem to be short of nothing. But today, while hunting, I suddenly remembered that we don't have one more thing." "So what, say it!" - she asked. He replied: "There is a golden tirchik hat, which is called the hat of a thousand Burgans. I want a hat like this. Oh, if only you could get a hat that I could admire for the rest of my life!" His wife retorted, hesitating, "This is not an easy task." "We live together and you don't want to make my only wish come true!" - he said resentfully. She said, "OK! You're my husband sharing my bed with me. I'll make your wish come true!" She looked one way and cried, looked the other way and laughed. The next day, at dawn, my wife set off"]: Taube 1994, No. 35:248 (cf. Taube 1994 (Ongad, 1967), No. 2 ["Oh, my boy, stay. We'll give you a casket and then we'll see. And they took it and gave him their gold box. The old man and the old woman, crying with one eye and laughing with the other, handed him a casket"]; No. 17 ["This is what she asked for her father's cape and her mother's whip. But they said, "Oh, my child, how is it? This is impossible! After all, we old people will be lost by the rain ourselves!" To this, the daughter said: "If so, I won't take anything!" - and got out. Then her mother returned her and gave her, laughing with one eye and crying with the other eye, that cape along with her whip. The daughter took it all and left"]: 60, 167); Baikal and Trans-Baikal Buryats: Barannikova et al. 1993, No... 9 (the informant is unknown , recorded by C.J. Zhamtsarano) [parents want get rid of Tyshae Bishe, sent for a black bull; this is a bear, TB to bring him, leaves him in a barn, he has picked up all the cows; sent to bring a cauldron supposedly given to the forest owner; TB brings the cauldron and bound owner; lets go, leaves; meets and companions a person raising stones, raising mountains, stepping across the sea (he is fishing with his beard); everyone first replies that he is not strong, but TB - mighty; they take turns cooking, a bearded dwarf beats the cook, eats everything; TB hits him, pinches his beard, he cuts off his beard, leaves; friends come to the crevice, TB goes down on a rope; there in copper the hut is beautiful, the other in silver, the third in gold; TB tells the beauty from gold to find out what life is like in a mangadhai; in the horns of a ram; TB breaks the horns, presses the wasps in them, except two; beautiful changed barrels of strong and weak water; TB kills mangadhai, sends women upstairs; when he gets up, his companions throw him; he falls, breaks his leg; sees the speaker break the leg of an ermine, he ate the root, recovered; TB also ate, recovered; Khan Garudi's chicks by the sea, one cries (a serpent coming out of the sea will eat it today), the other sings (eats tomorrow), the third laughs (the day after tomorrow); the snake tells chicks fly into his mouth; TB kills a snake with a stone; Khan Garudi arrives, hides TB from poison; takes it to the ground; eats and drinks what he has prepared in flight, cuts off the last piece of TB from his leg, the bird is a piece belches, puts back; TB kills companions, lives with three wives]: 93-109, 147-167; Zabanov 1929 (Baikal) [old man Irensei kills 77-headed Mangadhai, who took his herd away; returns home, his wife Untan-Durai gives birth to a boy, Hanhan Sokto, and a girl, Agu-Nogon. I. hunts, his horse tells him that during this time his wife met Mangadhay; during the fight, UD throws black millet under M.'s feet, and I. fell and killed, he was thrown in an iron barrel on the bottom of the Black Sea; the horse saves the children; the owner of the forest, Orjol Bogdo Khan, takes them home; HS kills M. and his betraying mother; After becoming a fish, Abarga Shara Zagahan pulls the remains of his father from the bottom, revives them with living water; rides marry King Ghazar Khan Nalkhin's granddaughter; fights Mangadhai, his soul is in the nest of the Khan Hirdeg bird on an aspen on a mountain; the bird sends her to HS in the form of a pebble with an arrow, HS breaks a pebble; the soul of another M. in the yellow sea of his one-eyed, one-toothed mother-in-law, HS comes to his mother-in-law under the guise of M., the soul takes on various forms (animals, birds), HS chases in the guise of other animals, kills M.; marries his daughter Gazar- Bayan Khan; performs difficult tasks; 1) defeat the hero; 2) bring a puppy (for this purpose he gets iron fetters from heavenly blacksmiths); 3) bring the feather of the Khan Hirdeg bird; in the palace one girl cries, the second plays, the third sings; these are the daughters of a bird, the serpent Abarga Sharga must come out of the Black Sea, eat them; HS kills a snake with an arrow, XX gives him a pen, he marries]: 14-19; Khangalov 1960, No. 107 ( Balagan) [Uta-Sagan Batar approaches a tree, on which the Han-Haregde-Bushun bird's nest; nine chicks say that a snake with a star on its forehead will come out of the yellow sea and open its mouth; each day one of the chicks will have to enter it (today the serpent will eat the one who cries, tomorrow the one who tells the story, the day after tomorrow, who sings a song, etc.); if you kill the snake, the yellow poisonous fog will clear; . hits the snake with an arrow at a star on its forehead, hides in a hole from the poisonous fog; the parents of the rescued give him a golden whip that provides food and drink, and a silver whip that binds any enemy; (hereinafter about the victory over the fifteen-headed mangathay of Ashura-Shara, the marriage of W.'s sons to a girl and a frog, the plot of The Frog Princess)]: 156-158; Eliasov 1973, No. 8 (Selenginsky) [(Western Decembrist N.A. Bestuzhev in 1850s); Ubugun goes to look for a wife; consistently meets three people, each of whom, without recognizing the hero, replies that he is trying to face off with W. (the first tore the bark with his fingernail, the second drank the lake, the third raised the cliff); each one takes turns cooking; a gray-haired old man with a huge beard eats everything, beats the cook, everyone is silent about what happened; W. hangs the old man by the beard; he breaks down, leaving his jaw, hides into the abyss; the companions lower W. on his belt, he sees three beauties crying over their deceased father, W.'s companions pick them up, throw them off belt; in a huge nest, one chick cries (a flying serpent will eat it today), the second sings (tomorrow), the third laughs (it will be eaten later than anyone else); W. kills a snake, the bird tells you to prepare meat, raises W. the ground; the last piece of W. cuts it off from the thigh, the bird expectorates it, puts it back; W. takes beauties, executes traitors]: 78-81; Baikal Buryats: Gomboev 1890, No. 1 (Alar) [episodes Uliger: "Altan-Shagai-Mergyn brought cattle, stole them and left them. After that, looking up, she laughs, looking down, crying: "Who will own my herds and cattle? My brother is already fifty years old, I myself swallow completely, swallow fat" (i.e. a lonely person)"; Bain-Mungei-Khan, fearing Altan-Shagai-Mergyn, "looks up, laughs, looks down, cries "]: 4, 15; Potanin 1893, No. 1 (Balagan) [uliger episode: "Tmn-Jargalan-Khatan, looking at fifteen-headed Abarga-sesen-mangathaya, smiled, and turned away and cried. Fifteen-headed Abarga-sesen-mangathai with Tmn-Jargalan-Khatana came home and began to live with her"]: 94; Rudnev 1925 (Kudinsky, 1903) [uliger episode: "This same Khan Bugdur Khan [speaks]:/- "Just now/I lived without a son, /who would grow up in my blanket, /I lived without offspring, /I could raise on my toes; /cattle [I] /it got too much".../And he looked up and laughed, /looking down," cried. .."]: 563; Dugarov 1990 (Zakamensky) [fairy tale episode: "This is the worst thing," Naran-Seseg saddened. "Khan of the Southern Realms has been looking for me for a long time. If he gets his hands on my portrait, he'll find our hut by your hot and cold tracks. What should we do then? How can you defend yourself from trouble if you have nothing but an iron shovel and I have no weapon other than a thin needle?" They were very sad. They sit hugging each other. They will look up - they will not laugh kindly, they will lower them down - they cry bitterly bitterly"]: 142; Khangalov 2004 (3) (farce) [uliger episodes: Lobsogoldoy-Hara-Mangathai "went to towards the Shazhagatyn area, to his second older sister, Yenhebe. During this trip, when he was halfway, he began to look up, laugh and cry, looking down, crying a little or a little"; "Then Lobsogoldoy-Hara-Mangathai went on. He was driving, driving and driving right towards Padi Heretyn. I went soon. His horse, Lob-Hara, is running with all his might. His oldest sister, Yenhebe, lives in Padi Heretyn; he went to ask her for advice. Halfway through the road, he looks up and laughs and looks down and cries and weeps. The further he goes, the harder and louder he cries, crying. Taqcrying and crying, Lobsogold-Hara-Mangathai rode"; "Then Uncle Saragal-Noyon, friendly, with great white thoughts, takes a tireless donkey and, looking up, laughs, looking down, crying, cries. Leading a tireless donkey for an excuse, he went to the helical silver mountain, climbed its screws to its top, came to his prayer"; fairy tale episode: "Returning home and letting the thin one go A red horse, Agu-Nogon-Abaha entered her house and began to mourn her only brother, who died from the cunning of the mangathai. She cries and cries with her head down, and laughs when she looks up"]: 81-82, 89, 159; Burchina 2007 (Balagan), No. I.3 (Nukut District, 1928) [Uliger episode: "The hero doesn't find the caravan in its original place. He searches in vain for traces three miles away (Gurban Haraan). Mourns the loss of Erzhen Gohon Abhay (letters. looking up, laughing, looking down - crying), tears the size of Baikal (Baigal Bute) from his left eye, the size of Lena (Zulhe bute) from his right eye. Then, having calmed down, he thinks"]; No. I.4 (Nukut District, 1944) ["Not knowing where his eyes have gone, where his Huhai daughters have disappeared, Erbad Bogdo Khan calls the guards to take him into the house (sool). They take him to a beautiful palace (urgei aihan uryeeg) and sit him on a bed (oron). Erbad Bogdo Khan, looking up, laughs, looking down, crying"; "Erbad Bogdo Khan, looking up, laughs, looking down, crying. At home, he sits on a bed (oron) cross-legged, cries and tears his hair"]; No. II.3 (Nukut District, 1941) ["He thinks there is no shortage of herds and herds. The animals became fat and bred more than before. The old man, looking up, laughs, looks down - cries: whose son will be the master, which black crow will get [good] to live? Tears from the right eye splash on Lake Baikal - they rain all over the Baikal Valley. People living there think it's dawn - they are milking cows and mares (unee guugee). Tears from the left eye splash on the Lemu River (Zuigel deeguur) - they fall in heavy rain on the Lena Valley. People living there think that the day has come - they milk and drive out cows and mares. A seventy-five-year-old man smokes a pipe, hissing in smoke and blowing it out noisily"]; No. III.2 (Alarsky District, 1940) ["Han Segsei Mergen gives water to herds on the yellow sea, which is shallow to the very bottom [a large herd drinks all the water. - D. B. ]. Then he drives the lagging animals forward, and the animals in front to the back. When finished, he smokes a pipe the size of a tibia (haryin sheneen daaan), stuffed with strong red tobacco (bucks ulaan tamhi) from a sleeve-sized pouch (hamsuin sheneen hudeen). He carves fire with silver flint (zurag mungen hate). She is sad, she cries. Looking down - laughing, looking up - laments: who will get his property, who will be the master of [so much good]?! He will soon be thirty years old and he has not found his betrothed!"] ; № III.3 (Nukut District, 1941) ["Altan Gasu Khubun ruins the brothers' possessions, seizes their property and leaves. The younger sister Bailan Gohon, who lives in the fields of Altai (Altain Hearte), learns about the incident: looking up, laughs, looking down, crying. It turns into a gray-mottled lark and flies with ten thousand birds in the sky. He cries, sheds tears, looking at his older brothers"]; № IV.1 (Alarsky District, 1906) ["Altai Shagay Mergen is sad: looking up, laughs, looking down, crying (oh kharja eneebe, Uruugaa kharzhi uyarba). He says: "The fog does not leave the top of the high mountain, and the war will not pass my head! More than thirty years have passed since the elder brother and daughter-in-law became married (hun huleg), but there are no offspring (aini ulde ugei), and I myself have no peace"; "He sees at home desolation, ruined manor (aali aha): thick couch grass (hara hyagal) grows, a black raven croaks (hara hiree), a red fox (shara unegen) prowls. Altai Shagay Mergen is sad: looking up, laughs, looking down, crying"; No. IV.3 (Nukut District, 1928) ["Suddenly [during the race], Ganzagata's gray horse stops, as the dug, with his face down to the ground, listens. When asked by Are Tolay Mergen what he sensed, the horse says: "On the northeast side (Zuun Hoyta Zugte), Narin Zala Khatan is crying. It is being taken away by well done Mangadhai guys (Mangadhaine Hubuud)." Are Tolay Mergen grieves: looks up, laughs, looks down, cries"; "Are Tolay Mergen punishes his companions: where I draw a circle, spend the night, where I draw the line, continue! He rushes forward by himself. He goes, gets closer to home. He passes through the cold land of the Mangadhays and enters his native land. When he arrives home, he sees his property ruined: a black crow croaks, a red fox prowls, and a black couch grass has grown up to the tires of the saddle. The hero, looking up, laughs, looks down - cries: "Wars will not pass my head, fog does not leave the top of the southern mountain!"] ; № IV.6 (Alarsky District, 1940) [Altai Shagay Mergen "thinks: "My herds and herds whose son will herd and guard, whose descendant will own them? Brother Nogonda Mergen and daughter-in-law Nogon Toli Bergen have no children, and I am single myself, I have not found my betrothed (huite-suite) - alone!" He decides: "One person will not become a person, one smut will not make a fire, you have to find a betrothed, get married." Sad goes home: looks up - laughs, looks down - cries"]: 76, 86, 91, 107, 154, 163, 200, 214, 234, 255, 312; Nikolaeva 2012 (Balagansky, 1947) [uliger episode: "Geser Bogdo Khan is going on a journey, sews off, renews the broken one, rules the broken one, sews off. Appoints military commanders and commanders. The army is going to the northeast side. They jump day and night, suffer from ferocious winds on the way, from the cold in a foreign land, the right wing is ready to fall from fatigue. Geser Bogdo Khan puts 13 of his magical skills in the palm of his hand, puts 23 of his witchcraft powers on his fingers, looks up and laughs, looks down and cries. Large gray clouds diverge in the sky, the hot sun peeks out"]: 113; Trans-Baikal Buryats: Potanin 1883, No. 114 (Aginsky District) [fairy tale episode: "{Bulot-Khure} saw a female goat; when he shot with a bow, the goat hit the ground and became a swan, took his arrow in his mouth and said: "If you're good, you'll find your arrow." After saying that, she flew away. Bulot-hure, when he looked down, cried, when he looked up, laughed. He returned home, told his father and mother what had happened to him, and asked his father to let him go in search of the swan"]: 391 (same text with literary interpretation in Dugarov 1990:133); Barannikova et al. 1993, No. 1 (p. Budalan, Agin District, 1981) [fairy tale episode: "It's been ten years, and Hilgenday Khan, who has a velvety black horse, returned to his homeland. I came home - the whole house was overgrown with weeds from top to bottom, all the buildings in the yard were overgrown. This is how I found [the house]. He entered his house, found food prepared by his wife in the hearth, which had not deteriorated in ten years, and a letter. "There is no need to look for me," she warned, "the enemy is very strong." After reading that letter, I looked up once - laughed, looked down - cried <... > "Give this letter to your mother," says [Hillganday Mergan], handing him the letter. He took the letter and handed it to his mother. She read that letter, looked down - once she cried, looked up - once she laughed. "Why are you crying because of a letter from a hunter?" - he asks his mother. "This is your own father," said"]: 35; (cf. Bardakhanova, Gympilova 2008, No. 35 (Somon Batshireet aimaka Hentiy) ["The huge, mighty snake was very happy with that guy, laughed with her right eye, cried with her left eye"]: 165); Khalkha Mongols [episode fairy tales: "he {boy} went into a white yurt (tsagan geri) to ask for food. Two women, an old woman and a young woman, were sitting there. He greeted the young man - did not answer; greeted the old woman - she muttered something that he could not understand. He asked for food and gave it to him. The young woman will look at him, smile; turn away, cry. The boy (hu) asked the old woman: What does this mean? The old woman explained that they send a person to Orolyn-Mangys to eat every day, that they are the family of a tushemil (nobleman), and that his son, the husband of a young woman, was the turn to eat"]: Potanin, 1883, No. 115:397; (cf. The Mongols of Inner Mongolia [an anonymous chronicle "Altan Tobchi", probably dating back to the first half of the 17th century (translated from Beijing): "When they {Temuchin and Bogurchi, son of Lahu-Bayan} were returning home with these eight horses, Lahu Bayan waited for them on the road when they met them; looking at them, he laughed, and when he turned to the side, he cried. Then, addressing his son, he said: "Go ahead in the same way," and with these words he stabbed a six-month-old lamb, whose meat he gave to Temuchin and sent him (on the road)"]: Gomboev 1858: 129; see also the commentary in Gomboev 1890:133 {the original must be verified - it is possible that the formula was introduced by a translator; in translations of another list of the anonymous Altan Tobchi (Zheleznyakov, Tsendina 2005:26) and "Altan Tobchi" by Lubsan Dunzan (1973:81), the expressions used in the corresponding episode have similar but different forms from our definition}); dagurs [north of Amur on Grief lived alone Gas Mergen, and south of the mountain, Duschi Mergen and his wife Aitjik; while DM is hunting, PM comes to his wife; when her husband returns, she hides him in a chest; pretends to be sick to give DM dangerous assignments; she will recover if he brings her 1) the heart of a huge boar (go east along the middle road; DM kills a boar with an arrow); 2) the heart of a huge bull (same, follow the south road); 3) the heart of a huge sea serpent; DM is driving along the northern road; he sees three girls by the seashore, one singing, the other laughing, the third crying; they explain that they are eaten by a snake; he will eat singing today ( she is the daughter of a heavenly deity), laughing tomorrow (daughter of the dragon king), crying the day after tomorrow (daughter of the owner of the lower world); DM kills a snake, but dies from drops of its poison; girls bring elixir, revive DM, they explain that his wife is unfaithful to him; he throws away the snake's heart, comes home, opens the chest, beats and ties his wife and GM together, goes to those girls forever]: Bäcker 1988, No. 23:159-168.

Western Siberia. Southern Khanty (Verkhne-Demyan parish) [returning from hunting, two brothers did not find a third in the house, there was blood on the floor; but the brother only wanted to make sure they loved him; the other two were angry And they threw him into the forest; he came to the city, only two houses had light; for his salvation from the ogre they promised him the most beautiful of three daughters; at night he cut off the leg of a black rider with a shovel; but the girls did not give him; in the second city the same (a gray rider, an ear with a gold earring); in the third city, there are five houses with light - four are rejoicing, in the fifth they cry, 20 girls and a mother; the same (white rider, three fingers with a ring); a young man came to the tower, ate, hid; three swans flew in, took off their swan skins, became girls, began to feast; they tell how they lost their leg, ear, fingers; the young man tore his skins, took the youngest girl as his wife] : Patkanov 1999:386-389.

Amur-Sakhalin. Udege people [A raven (Corvus corone) comes to two girls, one cries (an evil spirit will kill her today), the other laughs (her tomorrow); flies to a friend of the spirit, sits on the handle of the cauldron, cuts her off rope, cauldron spills, ash gets into their eyes, the Raven pecked them out, killed the spirit; returned to the girls, alone wants to marry him, he says he is not fit for their husband, goes for her husband for girls to Beonta; they do not understand where the voice comes from, they run away naked, freeze; well done, listens to him, takes girls as wives]: Kormushin 1998, No. 20:132-137; (cf. Udege people (b. Samarga, 1971) [fairy tale episode: "My sister was the first to go {into the hut}... Suddenly (someone) jerks, uh, his sister! He {little brother} was left alone. He's crying. He went (into the hut) and cries. He will look up - the soot eats, look down - the ash licks. He kept crying and living like this all the time. And I didn't go outside, and didn't go anywhere at all, I kept crying in the house, in this hut. He will look up - the soot eats, look down - the ash licks. All I did was sleep"]: Lebedeva et al. 1998, No. 19:153).